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Home > Main Library > Climate Change > Climate Change - Burma/Myanmar > Adaptation > Policies and projects

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Policies and projects

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: Climate Change and Adaption/Mitigation (MYLAFF folder)
Description/subject: To access some files, users may have to take out a (free) subscription to MYLAFF at https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/mylaff
Language: English
Source/publisher: MYLAFF
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/mylaff
Date of entry/update: 08 June 2016


Title: Google search results for Climate Change Adaptation Myanmar
Description/subject: About 1,830,000 results (July 2018)
Language: English +
Source/publisher: www. via Google
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 11 July 2018


Title: Google search results for sea level rise adaptation Myanmar
Description/subject: About 2,090,000 results (June 2018)
Language: English +
Source/publisher: www via Google
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 01 June 2018


Individual Documents

Title: National Adaption Plan 2017 [Myanmar]
Date of publication: 12 September 2017
Description/subject: • Climate Change in Myanmar • Climate Change Policies • National Adaptation Plan of Action-NAPA • National Institution for Climate Change • Myanmar Climate Change Alliance-MCCA Sectoral Outcomes • VA and Adaptation Plan for Chin State • The way forward to Adaptation Planning.... • Highly exposed to severe natural climatic events • Droughts, • Heavy rains, • Cyclones / strong winds • Floods & storm surge (as a result of cyclones) • Extreme temperatures • (Earthquakes also potential hazard) • Vulnerability increased by sensitivity and low adaptive capacities against a large concentration of population and assets in exposed areas • The changing climate present new patterns of exposure, vulnerability and risks
Language: English
Source/publisher: Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation
Format/size: pdf (from ppt)
Date of entry/update: 03 July 2018


Title: Myanmar Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan (MCCSAP) 2016–2030 Version 19 January 2017
Date of publication: 19 January 2017
Description/subject: "...Inclusive development that allows poor, landless, marginalised and vulnerable women, men and geographic regions to shape and benefit from opportunities provided by climate-resilient and low-carbon development;  Driving action to deliver resource-efficient development that will incentivise investment in a green economy to achieve growth targets with minimal environmental harm and carbon emissions;  Integrated development to direct government, development partners, civil society, private sector entities and communities to align, harmonise and coordinate policies and programmes to support the strategy's overall objectives; and  Supporting results-oriented development through a time-bound goal and objectives to achieve this vision and strategic priorities to help the key sectors implement the strategy..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation (MoNREC), the Republic of the Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf
Date of entry/update: 03 July 2018


Title: Assessing gender in resilience programming: Myanmar
Date of publication: January 2016
Description/subject: "This case study is one of four commissioned by BRACED to assess the links between resilience and gender in partners’ projects. It documents approaches used to promote gender equality within the BRACED Myanmar Alliance, as well as the latent challenges and opportunities in this process...key messages • The BRACED Alliance in Myanmar aims to shift community-level power dynamics, by increasingly integrating women into decision- making structures, building their economic security and honoring their leadership abilities. • The project will also inform and drive strategic policy interventions on women’s empowerment within climate change and DRR narratives. • However, gender transformation is a slow and dynamic process. Three years of resilience programming is not enough time to recast social norms that have crystallized over decades. • Gender transformation requires us to redefine gender roles and identities and to assess the concurrent monitoring and evaluation of changing social, political and economic trends as well as how communities respond to this process. • The Myanmar Alliance can set the foundation and pave the way to build climate- resilient communities where women equally drive sustainable development practices..."
Author/creator: Melanie Hilton, Yee Mon Maung and Virginie Le Masson
Language: English
Source/publisher: BRACED
Format/size: pdf (300K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.braced.org/
Date of entry/update: 13 September 2016


Title: Myanmar Climate-Smart Agriculture Strategy
Date of publication: September 2015
Description/subject: "A roadmap to resilience and sustainability: Myanmar’s climate-smart agriculture strategy....."In light of climate change, people often talk about achieving climate resilience and sustainability. How do we get there? Is there a roadmap for climate change adaptation and mitigation? At first, it might seem daunting to address climate change in Myanmar. Germanwatch’s Climate Risk Index for 1994-2013 ranked Myanmar as the second most vulnerable country in the world, after Honduras. In 2008, category 4 cyclone Nargis hit the country. According to a World Bank report, Nargis severely affected the country’s agriculture sector with losses equivalent to 80,000 tons and damaging 251,000 tons of stored crops, across 34,000 hectares of cropland. Myanmar is an agriculture-based country, with 61% of the country’s 53 million people depending on agriculture for their living. The country has also been experiencing more climate extremes like drought, flood, sea-level rise and natural disasters. The recent launching of Myanmar’s Climate-Smart Agriculture Strategy has paved the path towards guided planning for national climate change adaptation and mitigation. Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) focuses on three pillars in tackling climate change: food security, adaptation, and mitigation. The first national consultation meeting on ‘Climate-Smart Agriculture Strategies in Myanmar’ was conducted in September 2013, facilitated by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) in Southeast Asia and the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI). The strategy aligns with the country’s National Adaptation and Plan of Action (NAPA) for climate change, which prioritizes agriculture, early warning systems and forest in its plans and development initiatives. The strategy institutionalizes Climate-Smart Villages in Myanmar as a community-based approach to a climate-resilient and sustainable agricultural development. These are benchmark villages that are vulnerable to climate change impacts and where CSA interventions will be tested, prioritized and implemented in close cooperation with the village, government units, and other stakeholders. The foundation has been laid. The next challenge now is translating the strategy into on-the-ground initiatives to achieve agricultural productivity and have climate-ready villages, provinces, and country."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Myanmar Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, Consortium of International Agricultural Research Centers (CGIAR)
Format/size: pdf (1MB-reduced version; 1.5MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.cgiar.org/consortium-news/a-roadmap-to-resilience-and-sustainability-myanmars-climate-sm...
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs22/retrieve-red.pdf
https://cgspace.cgiar.org/rest/bitstreams/63308/retrieve
Date of entry/update: 10 July 2016


Title: Climate change in Myanmar: impacts and adaptation
Date of publication: December 2014
Description/subject: Abstract: "Myanmar is a Least Developed Nation, according to the UN, and therefore is highly vulnerable to the negative effects of a changing climate. To assess the relationship between Myanmar and climate change, this thesis analyzes projected impacts on the nation and its people, the current state of adaptation, and how Myanmar’s government has prepared. Projected impacts are viewed through the lens of the most recent IPCC reports and climate models, and discussed in relation to vulnerable areas in Burmese society and governance. This thesis concludes that Myanmar’s environment, people and society are at a significant risk; higher temperatures, altered precipitation rates, and higher sea levels will lead to reduced agriculture output, the spread of disease, and loss of habitable land. Though recent governmental action has laid the framework for suitable adaptation measures, slow progress in past decades has left Myanmar highly vulnerable to the negative impacts of climate change. Myanmar’s next election is scheduled for 2015, and the emerging leaders have the opportunity to make significant progress in climate change adaptation. Cooperation between Myanmar’s new leaders and the international community could accelerate the nation’s adaptation efforts and result in significant progress on climate change preparedness projects."
Author/creator: Slagle, John T.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 12 May 2018


Title: Market Mechanisms Country Fact Sheet: Myanmar
Date of publication: 08 May 2014
Description/subject: National Climate Change...Market Mechanisms Instruments
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations and Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (160K)
Date of entry/update: 23 May 2014


Title: Myanmar’s National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) to Climate Change - 2012
Date of publication: 2012
Description/subject: "The Myanmar National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) Report is prepared in the framework of the LCDF funded project ” Preparation of National Adaptation Programmes of Action ” implemented by United Nations Environment Programe (UNEP) and Executed by the Department of Meteorology and Hydrology, Ministry of Transport of Union of the Republic of Myanmar...Myanmar‟s climate is changing and climate variability already affects communities and socioeconomic sectors in the country. Some climate change impacts are already observable and there is broad scientific consensus that further change will occur. Even with significant global climate mitigation (activities and technologies that reduce greenhouse gas emissions), economic sectors, local communities and natural ecosystems in Myanmar will be strongly affected by climate change as a result of the emissions already in the atmosphere. Adaptation is therefore necessary for reducing Myanmar‟s vulnerability to climate variability and change. National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs) serve as simplified, rapid and direct channels for Least Developed Countries to identify and communicate priority activities to address their urgent and immediate adaptation needs. NAPAs emerged from the multilateral discussions on adaptation measures within the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)1,2 . Myanmar‟s NAPA therefore specifies 32 priority activities (referred to as Priority Adaptation Projects) for effective climate change adaptation for eight main sectors/themes (i.e. four Project Options per sector/theme), namely: i) Agriculture; ii) Early Warning Systems; iii) Forest; iv) Public Health; v) Water Resources; vi) Coastal Zone; vii) Energy, and Industry; and viii) Biodiversity(Table 1). The Myanmar NAPA preparation process followed the guidelines outlined by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Least Developed Countries (LDC) Expert Group3,4 . Seven main steps were followed: i) establishment of NAPA Project Management and multidisciplinary teams (April 2011); ii) synthesis of available information (May – July 2011); iii) stakeholder and public consultation to establish Myanmar‟s adaptation needs and potential adaptation projects/options (July – September 2011); iv) sectoral working group meetings to identify and draft a list of Adaptation Project Options (October – November 2011); v) sectoral working group meetings for screening, ranking and prioritising identified Adaptation Project Options (October – November 2011 and March-April 2012). This entailed using a Multi-criteria analyses (a series of 15 criteria developed by the LDC Expert Group) to rank and prioritise Adaptation Project Options for implementation. Resulting scores for each Adaptation Project Option were used to determine the 32 Priority Adaptation Projects; vi) public Review Process of NAPA draft (February to April 2012); and vii) development of the NAPA project profiles using focus group discussions and meetings with working group members as well as other key stakeholders (March - April 2012)..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Myanmar’s National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) to Climate Change
Format/size: pdf (3.5MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs24/MYANMAR-2012-NAPA.pdf
Date of entry/update: 01 July 2018


Title: National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan - Myanmar (Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ )
Date of publication: 2011
Description/subject: "Chapter 1 provides a general introduction to Myanmar, as well as objectives and methodology of the NBSAP. In Chapter 2, a detailed description about the diversity in ecosystems, habitats and species in Myanmar is presented, including the indication on species’ status as being endemic, threatened or invasive. Chapter 3 discusses the background of national policies, institutions and legal frameworks applicable to biodiversity conservation in Myanmar. Chapter 4 analyses and highlights conservation priorities, major threats to the conservation of biodiversity as well as the important matter of sustainable and equitable use of biological resources in Myanmar. Chapter 5 presents the comprehensive national strategy and action plans for implementing biodiversity conservation in Myanmar within a 5-year framework that includes strengthening and expanding on priority sites for conservation, mainstreaming of biodiversity conservation in other sectors and policies, implementing of priority species conservation, supporting for more active participation of NGOs and other institutions in society towards biodiversity conservation, implementing actions towards biosafety and invasive species issues, strengthening legislative process for environmental conservation and enhancing awareness on biodiversity conservation. In this chapter, sustainable management of natural resources and development of ecotourism are also mentioned. Chapter 6 presents the required institutional mechanism for improving biodiversity conservation, the monitoring and evaluation of the implementation, as well as sustainability, of the NBSAP. It is trusted that the NBSAP provides a comprehensive framework for planning biodiversity conservation, management and utilization in a sustainable manner, as well as to ensure the long term survival of Myanmar’s rich biodiversity..."
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: Republic of the Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.1MB-reduced version; 11.5MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.cbd.int/doc/world/mm/mm-nbsap-01-my.pdf
Date of entry/update: 01 June 2014


Title: Current Status of Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation
Date of publication: 2009
Language: English
Source/publisher: Myanmar Ministry of Forestry
Format/size: pdf (5.8MB)
Date of entry/update: 17 June 2014