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BURMA: News Excerpts From Around Th

Subject: BURMA: News Excerpts From Around The World

The following news excerpts are from Black Puma News Services in Bangkok. It is
one of Underground Burmese Student Group. I will  not be able to reply any
message concerning this report.
To: TUN MYINT TMYINT@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx	

                           Source: Reuter Textline                              
                          Australian Financial Review                           
                                 June  21, 1995                                 
LENGTH: 1440 words                                                              
BYLINE: From PAUL CLEARY - AFR Correspondent in Bangkok                         
    THE bureaucrats run the Government in Thailand and a network of wealthy     
Chinese families run the  economy,  with the two having happily coexisted for   
    But ambitious plans by the Bank of Thailand to liberalise the financial     
sector are aimed directly at breaking up the 50-year domination by a Sino- ...  
    In addition to the obvious benefits of greater competition, the reforms are 
aimed at raising Bangkok's profile as a financial centre and making it the main 
entry point for funds flowing to southern China and  Burma.                     

   Citibank's regional manager, Mr Robert Wilson, told a conference earlier    
this month that the reforms would address a big constraint on Thailand's        
development - access to a steady supply of long-term ...                        
                           Source: Reuter Textline                              
                          Australian Financial Review                           
                                 June  20, 1995                                 
LENGTH: 1720 words                                                              
BYLINE: By SANDY GORDON                                                         
   ... outcomes of the conference or the potential significance of the Indian   
Ocean region.                                                                   
    To begin with, the view that the Indian Ocean is not "worth the candle" is  
short-sighted on several grounds.                                               
    It ignores the considerable potential of the rapidly liberalising           
 economies  of South Asia. Even a hard-headed business "think-tank" such as the 
Economic Intelligence Unit of The Economist is of the view that India may be a  
better long-term investment bet than China.                                    

    But whether or not ...                                                      
   ... about their present status.                                              
    Criticism of the conference also ignores the potential synergism that could 
develop should an Indian Ocean grouping with similar trade protocols to APEC    
ever be established.                                                            
    It is false to think of "Asia" as somehow ending at  Burma.  The South and  
East-Asian markets will be increasingly integrated, especially given a common   
trade protocol regime.                                                          
    Trade routes and sea lanes of communication do not respect Australia's      
notion of what constitutes Asia. ...                                            
               Proprietary to the United Press International 1995               
                        June  20, 1995, Tuesday, BC cycle                       
SECTION: International                                                          
LENGTH: 390 words                                                               
DATELINE: RANGOON, June 20                                                      
KEYWORD: ;  BURMA -NEOCOLONIALISTS                                              
    Burma's  military strongman has praised the achievements of tough-governing 
Indonesia and Singapore while blaming news agencies, neocolonialists and opium  
smugglers ...                                                                   
   ... control and giving various excuses such as that of human rights ... to   
interfere in the internal affairs of the country.'' Khin Nyunt, who also heads  
 Burma's  feared Military Intelligence secret police, lashed out at the junta's 
enemies in a speech Monday to school ...                                        
   ... military rule in Indonesia.  The Burmese junta has also showed           
considerable interest in Singapore, which has managed to build a strong         
 economy  while stifling virtually all political opposition.  Singapore also has
been one of the staunchest defenders of the policy of ''constructive            
engagement'' toward  Burma's  military government, while investing heavily in   
the Burmese  economy.   ''Myanmar ( Burma)  has to follow the examples of these 
nations,'' Khin Nyunt said, ''and exert strenuous efforts to be abreast with the
nations of the region.''                                                        

               Copyright 1995 The Straits Times Press Limited                  
                         The Straits Times (Singapore)                          
                                 June  19, 1995                                 
SECTION: Comment/Analysis; Pg. 26                                               
LENGTH: 2334 words                                                              
HEADLINE: Regional solidarity as Vietnam joins Asean                            
    IISS STRATEGIC COMMENTS                                                     
    Confidence in Viet  economy,  diplomatic challenge for Asean                
    VIETNAM will in mid-July become the seventh member of the Association of    
South-East ...                                                                  
   ... east Asia and should further enhance regional solidarity. In the long    
term it is also likely to lead Laos, Cambodia and Myanmar ( Burma)  -the only   
South-east Asian countries who remain outside Asean -to join.                     

For Vietnam, membership of Asean will ...                                    
   ... acceptance of Vietnam's new-found credentials as a good regional citizen 
and further encourage confidence in its rapidly developing  economy.            
   ... stem from conventional external threat, although the military balance is 
   Indeed, China and Vietnam share similiar models of political  economy,  and  
the ruling party in Beijing does not wish to see a neighbouring ruling Communist
Party collapse along East ...                                                   

                           Source: Reuter Textline                              
                                  Bangkok Post                                  
                                 June  18, 1995                                 
LENGTH: 2827 words                                                              
   ... country in question.                                                     
    Burmese people hope the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean) will 
re-evaluate its policy of constructive engagement.                              
    But cravings for a large bite of the investment potential of  Burma  and not
wanting to lose out in the "pressure cooker" global economic race, Asean has    
conveniently turned a blind eye to the economic realities of the country as well
as the nature of the Burmese military leaders.                                  
    Gary ...                                                                    
   ... Studies, Chulalongkorn University, said the term "constructive           
engagement" was first used in South Africa and later adopted by Mr Arsa Sarasin,
former foreign minister, to be used in diplomatic dealings with  Burma.         
    The term refers to a policy of influencing and exposing  Burma  through     
trade relations and soft diplomatic relations.                                  
    This is an attempt to bring about change and reform in  Burma  and          
eventually promote political reform. The Asean community, which is spearheading 
this concept, is also adhering to a policy of non-intervention in the domestic  
policies of  Burma.                                                             
    Many participants at the seminar, however, believe the economic, social and 
political situation in  Burma  clearly shows "constructive engagement" only     
benefits a selected few - specifically military leaders and those who have      
connections with them.                                                          
    Kiatichai Pongpanich, the editor of Khao Sod daily, who formerly worked with
an international NGO in  Burma  for several years, said the process of drafting 
a constitution has been prolonged by the State Law and Order Restoration Council
This only helps the military strengthen their hold on to power and draft a  
   ... ruling military junta to exploit rich natural resources without benefits 
filtering to the local population.                                              
    According to Thailand's Office of Commercial Affairs in Rangoon, as of March
31, there were 107 foreign projects in  Burma  with a total investment of $     
2.23bn. One wonders how much of this sum benefits the people.                   
    There have been changes to the terms of foreign direct investment           
promotions, banking deregulation and domestic price controls brought by the     
Slorc ...                                                                       
   ... Slorc now is confident it can get away with repression. This is not      
surprising as Slorc has reaped a sizeable amount of international economic      
support and state-of-the-art weaponry.                                          
    "It is true that we sell arms to  Burma.  If we do not sell to them, others 
will do so. We sell the weapons to  Burma  to help them maintain law and order,"
said an academic from China.                                                    
     Slorc knows what motivates the international community.                     
For as long as they open their  economy  and allow foreign investment to    
penetrate and flourish, the fraction of the international community that is     
largely motivated by dollar signs will conveniently close one eye to the        
repressive actions of the military junta.                                       
    There are many countries which  Burma  can turn to. Wung Jung from China    
rates his country similar to  Burma  in many aspects. His definition of human   
rights is merely to fill "one's stomach". One wonders the kind of influence big 
neighbour China has on  Burma.                                                  
    He added that political change cannot occur if people are living in poverty.
    China and  Burma  mutually reassures each other's actions. Their governing  
concepts and perspectives are very similar and their trade relations are        
    Sino-Burmese trade has increased from $ 4.895m in 1993 to $ 5.29m in 1994.  
    Andrew Selth, from the Australian National University, explained the complex
relationship that the "triangle" - China,  Burma  and India have.              

    Tension-plagued relations between India and  Burma  means minority and insurgent
groups of both countries support each other.                                    
    The Slorc turned to China in 1988 to ensure its immediate survival and help 
restore  Burma's  diplomatic and economic standing in world affairs.            
    It is in the interest of the international community to watch close         
relations between China and  Burma.  China sees the potential of accessing the  
Indian Ocean through  Burma  and the latter benefits greatly from economic and  
arms trade with China.                                                          
    While the governments of the West, Amnesty International and various other  
human rights watch groups have criticised  Burma  for their repressive actions  
towards the Burmese population, it has failed to make change.                   
    Slorc is already at a stage where it is immune to international             
condemnation. An attitude prevails: "So what if there is outside pressure.      
Business will continue to flock into  Burma. "                                  
    According to " Burma,  an Alternative Guide", published by  Burma  Action   
Group, Singaporeans top the list of hotel investors in  Burma,  with a total sum
of $ 290.2m followed by Thailand ($ 109.5m). This is in conjunction with       
"Visit Myanmar Year, 1996".                                                     
    "We can't deny that many business groups from these countries continue to   
invest in  Burma  and build close relations with the Slorc government," said Dr 
Thanet Charoenmung from Chiang Mai University.                                  
    Dr Thanet presented an alternative approach in dealing with  Burma.  He said
his view may not be acceptable, but he believes in the long run it would help   
the Burmese people.                                                             
    He said the world should strengthen its relationship with both the military 
junta and the Burmese population.                                               
    Closer ties are ...                                                         
   ... more.                                                                    
    When ties with the external world are closer, there will be increased       
interaction which will lead to an increase of information.                      
    According to Dr Thanet, this will serve as an important foundation for the  
building of a democratic  Burma.  He made a comparison with the democratic      
development in Thailand, which was brought about by more Thais being exposed to 
the outside world through education abroad prior to the 1932 revolution.        
    But a conference participant from Australia said Thailand and  Burma  have  
different social and cultural backgrounds. Therefore, Dr Thanet's suggestion may
not be applicable.                                                              
    Harn Yawngwhe, programme director and editor of  Burma  Alert from Canada,  
said some countries had used excuses for not dealing with the internal affairs  
of another country.                                                             
    He said countries which have not established relations with  Burma  say they
are not in a position to do so. But countries actively involved in the  economy 
 of Burma  do not want to put their economic interest at risk.                  
    Despite economic potential of  Burma,  the context for investment is not    
ideal. Inflation is soaring, contradictory exchange rates abound and corruption 
is rampant.                                                                     
    And instead of creating employment for the masses through a series of       
infrastructure development projects, villagers are forced to provide voluntary  
    The international business community investing in  Burma  seem to have paid 
no attention to blatant injustices. The sacrifice of human lives is not part of 
their investment calculation cost as they look at  Burma  through rose-coloured 
glasses smeared with economic figures.                                          
    However, amid shareholders' pressure and consumer boycotts, several         
companies have already pulled out of  Burma.  They are Eddie Bauer, Amoco,      
Petro-Canada, Macy's, Levi-Strauss and Liz Clairborne.                          
    Coca Cola and Reebok have also refused to do business with the military.    
They vowed not to enter until there is a substantial improvement in human       
     Burma  lacks a pool of qualified workers. A participant at the conference  
claimed that before Slorc took over,  Burma  had the highest level of literacy  
among Southeast Asian countries.                                                
    But when universities were shut down after the 1988 riots, illiteracy       
    Maureen Aung-Thwin, from the Open Society Institute, New York, said there is
a massive brain drain in  Burma.  Those who can leave the country will do so    
in search for work abroad. S he proposed the idea of selective engagement. "We  
should politically isolate the Slorc government but engage them culturally. In  
this way, we will be able to provide more education and expose Burmese to the   
    There is a lack of a comprehensive investment strategy in  Burma.  The      
economic reforms undertaken by Slorc clearly show how little they know about the
    It does not make economic sense nor reflect a government genuine about      
improving the quality of life ...                                               
                           Source: Reuter Textline                              
                                  Bangkok Post                                  
                                 June  18, 1995                                 
LENGTH: 920 words                                                               
BYLINE: By SUPARA JANCHITFAH and SYLVIA SAMUEL                                  
    "Constructive engagement" policy is "a slap in the face for Thailand," said 
Mr Vitit Muntarbhorn at a recent seminar organised by the Action Committee for  
Democracy in  Burma  (ACDB) at Chulalongkorn University.                        
    The Chulalongkorn law professor warned that if Thailand's foreign policy    
towards  Burma  continues to be passive, it will have to face the consequences  
of an increasingly aggressive  Burma.                                           
    In past months, Thailand had to endure repeated incursions by Rangoon-backed
renegade Karen soldiers of the break-away Democratic Karen Buddhist Army who    
attacked refugee villages on Thai ...                                           
   ... during the Chatichai Choonhavan period, economics was the main thrust of 
Thailand's security. The political and territorial aspects were not taken into  
    He said if Thailand continues to adopt a "policy of confusion" and practise 
"double standards",  Burma  will continue to exploit this passivity.            
    Mr Vitit said it had also led to Thailand losing any leverage it could have 
over  Burma.  The blossoming Sino-Burmese relationship and the recent           
strengthening of  Burma's  economic ties with Indonesia and Singapore, as seen  
in a recent bilateral agreement signed to boost trade, does not benefit         
    He called for a democratically elected government to have a "foreign policy 
that is democratic" and pressed the need for a change in content in the way     
Thailand deals with and responds to  Burma.                                     
    Also addressing the Karen refugee issue, he urged the adoption of a         
humanitarian approach which would gear towards voluntary repatriation instead of
the "push-back approach" or forceful repatriation. "It is a constant outflow    
of money to the local Thai  economy, " Ms Ratchada Chaisawat the Coordinator of 
Union for Civil Liberty said of her recent visit to Wangka refugee camp.        
    "They have to pay 10 baht (unofficial) to leave the camp to go to Mae Sot   
town and have to pay ...                                                        
                   Copyright 1995 The Times Mirror Company                      
                               Los Angeles Times                                
                     June  18, 1995, Sunday, Bulldog Edition                    
SECTION: Part A; Page 4; Advance Desk                                           
LENGTH: 727 words                                                               
BYLINE: By DENIS D. GRAY, ASSOCIATED PRESS                                      
DATELINE: YANGON, Myanmar                                                       
   ... department stores and hotels that will cater to an expected tourist boom 
in this still-exotic land, formerly named  Burma.                               
   ... past.                                                                    
   Rangoon had been frozen in time because a socialist, xenophobic government   
kept out investment and all but ruined the  economy.  Major construction was    
   The current military junta, which seized power after crushing a pro-democracy
uprising in 1988, has liberalized the  economy,  invited foreign investors and  
laid down modernization plans. Irrevocable changes to Rangoon's character began 
about two years ...                                                             
   ... at sundown and stiff upper lips.                                         
   But on the grounds, Khin Shwe has had a large mural painted that showcases   
 Burma's  natural and man-made wonders, including, naturally, his own hotel.    
Rangoon itself is depicted as a phalanx of skyscrapers, and could easily be ... 
                   Copyright 1995 Deutsche Presse-Agentur                      
                            Deutsche Presse-Agentur                             
                        June  16, 1995, Friday, BC Cycle                        
                          10:34 Central European Time                           
SECTION: Financial Pages                                                        
LENGTH: 574 words                                                               
HEADLINE: Singapore aims to be European gateway                                 
DATELINE: Singapore                                                             
    Welcoming the Prime Minister of the German state of Baden-Wuerttemberg,     
Erwin Teufel, Goh praised Chancellor Helmut Kohl for urging German industry to  
step up investment in Asia's emerging  economies  and "to look East for more    
business opportunities".                                                        
    Goh said the European Union (E.U.) was Singapore's third largest export     
market, accounting for about 13 per cent of Singapore's total exports.          

    Last year, Singapore's exports to E.U. ...                                  
   ... building partnerships and an international mindset towards business," he 
    Last year, Singapore was the top investor in Vietnam, fourth in Thailand,   
and fifth in China. In terms of cumulative investments, Singapore ranked fourth 
largest in  Burma.   dpa ar ds                                                  

                    Copyright 1995 The Daily Telegraph plc                      
                              The Daily Telegraph                               
                            June  15, 1995, Thursday                            
SECTION: Pg. 17                                                                 
LENGTH: 1157 words                                                              
HEADLINE: The tribe that can't admit it was wrong The Japanese still refuse to  
say sorry for atrocities committed in the last war. JOHN KEEGAN, Defence Editor,
looks at their shameful record and explains what we want them to apologise for  
   ... pursue an ideological policy of racial extermination, as the Nazi party  
did, the Japanese of the war years committed aggression against almost all their
Asian neighbours, invaded and occupied their countries, treated their           
populations with contempt, exploited their  economies,  worked hundreds of      
thousands of their citizens to death by forced labour and ended the lives of    
millions by maltreatment or deliberate killing. On American, British and Dutch  
servicemen who fell into their hands they inflicted terrible ...                
   ... many of whom died when their convoys were attacked by American submarines
- were held in camps deliberately sited next to American bombing targets, as    
what today would be called "human shields". The prisoners dispatched to build   
the railway between  Burma  and Thailand - the infamous " Burma  railway" - were
deprived of medical care, in an environment where disease was rife and cholera  
outbreaks were frequent, and kept on starvation rations while being forced to   
perform the heaviest manual labour. Over 12,000 of the ...                      
                           Source: Reuter Textline                              
                                  Bangkok Post                                  
                                 June  13, 1995                                 
LENGTH: 1387 words                                                              
    Both sides also plan to increase air links and cooperate in the areas of    
forestry, telecommunications and fisheries.                                     
    A similar agreement was also signed between  Burma  and Singapore to further
strengthen economic cooperation and expand trade, especially in tourism and     
agricultural business.                                                          
    A joint ministerial body will be set up to oversee joint projects.          
    The two countries also agreed to ...                                        
   ... see the country recognised internationally soon," an article in the      
Bangkok Bank Monthly Review noted.                                              
    Natural resources, cheap labour and a big market of 42m are enough to       
attract foreign investment to  Burma.  Its foreign investment now totals $      
2.23bn - leading investors are from the US, France and Singapore.               
    Rangoon is clearly taking advantage of the lack of concerted efforts from   
the international community to pressure it to transfer power to civilian winners
of the ...                                                                      
   ... house arrest.                                                            
    Tanet Charoenmuang, a political scientist at Chiang Mai University who also 
attended the conference, proposed that since there is no unity in dealing with  
the junta, an alternative would be to face the reality of  Burma's  economic    
magnet and try to instil change at grassroots level for the long term.          
    Titled "the democratically constructive engagement" approach, it has one key
element which is lacking from ASEAN's policy - clear objectives toward          
democratisation in  Burma,  Tanet told the conference.                          
    "ASEAN has the advantage of being able to have dialogue with the Burmese    
ruling regime, but it does not have concrete measures to improve the situation  
in the country, except for building close business ties," he said his paper.    
    The alternative approach calls for close ties with the junta with the       
objective being to help it develop its  economy,  communication and transport   
system, bureaucracy, banking system, human resources and other aspects.         
    "By opening up  Burma  in all aspects, especially with input from the       
outside, the Burmese in a new era should have new opportunities to build their  
nation," he said.                                                               
BANGKOK POST, June 13, 1995, P1                                                 
                           Source: Reuter Textline                              
                                  Bangkok Post                                  
                                 June  11, 1995                                 
LENGTH: 1160 words                                                              
BETTER  BURMA                                                                          
     BURMA'S  military leaders, while preparing to secure control of the        
country, recently paid official visits to Indonesia and Singapore to foster     
stronger diplomatic and economic ties and at the same time build up solidarity  
between ...                                                                     
   ... on are not of their concern. And they don't care whether a government is 
    Indeed, depressingly, analysts, dissidents and western leaders believe that 
Asean is in the best position to play a major role in changing  Burma  for the  
better. But this is not happening. Asean is confident that its controversial    
"constructive engagement" policy will work as it continues to exploit that      
country economically.                                                           
    Asean's policy towards  Burma  has only served to entrench the power of a   
pariah regime and extend to it the legitimacy it so desperately desires.        
 Burma's  so-called allies have, however, refused to abandon their approach     
towards the military regime despite repeated calls from the Burmese people and  
the West.                                                                       
    Asean strongly believes that by talking and trading with Slorc, it will act 
as an incentive to improve their  economy  and will eventually lead to an       
improved political climate in  Burma.                                           
    This is not so. The recent crackdown on opposition leaders and their        
continual refusal to free Daw Aung San Suu Kyi clearly reflects the generals are
only becoming more tyrannical.                                                  
    Former Col Kyi ...                                                          
   ... Burmese people are anxiously waiting for the July deadline when they     
expect Suu Kyi to be released. Signs of unrest are slowly emerging in the       
country. Recently, it was rumoured that the Ye Zin University in upper  Burma   
was closed down after a clash erupted between students and officials.           
     Burma's  powerful intelligence chief Lt Gen Khin Nyunt recently told Philip
Shenon of the New York Times that Suu Kyi will not be freed until "there is the 
guarantee of peace and tranquility in our country," ...                         
   ... Richardson was recently in Rangoon for two days and tried to meet Suu Kyi
again. Richardson had first met the Nobel Laureate in February but this time his
request was denied. On his return from  Burma  the frustrated and visibly angry 
congressman told reporters at the Foreign Correspondents Club of Thailand: "As  
million of dollars pour into  Burma,  Aung San Suu Kyi is forgotten. This is not
    Despite all this, Asean leaders are determined to invite  Burma  to the     
upcoming summit in Brunei. Many countries have therefore urged Asean to lay down
specific conditions before inviting  Burma's  medieval dictators.               
    Some of the conditions could be to free Aung San Suu Kyi unconditionally and
to recognise the results of the 1990 general elections.                         
    The ball is now in the Asean court. If Asean, Thailand in particular, really
wants to ...                                                                    
                       Copyright 1995 Reuters, Limited                          
                             Reuters World Service                              
                        June  11, 1995, Sunday, BC cycle                        
LENGTH: 384 words                                                               
HEADLINE:  Burma  premier leaves Singapore after reaching pact                  
DATELINE: SINGAPORE, June 11                                                    
KEYWORD: -SINGAPORE- BURMA                                                      
    Burma's  Prime Minister Than Shwe and a high-powered Burmese military and   
political delegation were due to leave Singapore on Sunday ...                  
   Than Shwe also briefed Goh on political and economic developments in  Burma, 
but  Burma's  foreign minister told reporters on Saturday that the issue of     
dissident Aung San Suu Kyi, under house arrest ...                              
   ... conference, dodged the question of when she would be released but left   
open a possibility of more meetings between her and the ruling junta.           
   Singapore,  Burma's  largest trade partner and fourth largest investor, is   
one of the staunchest advocates of integrating  Burma  into the region despite  
charges of human-rights abuses.                                                 
   Goh visited  Burma  last year to discuss opening up its  economy  and        
encouraging foreign investment.                                                 
   Goh reiterated a pledge during the Burmese leaders' stay that Singapore would
help the country integrate into the region.                                     
   He told Than Shwe that political reconciliation was also needed in  Burma  to
attract more foreign investment.                                                
   ''Prime Minister Goh emphasised that besides a conducive economic            
environment, political stability and ...                                        
   ... for tourism from Singapore, was the latest in a series of tie-ups between
Burmese and Singapore businesses fuelled by  Burma's  desire to develop a more  
market-oriented  economy  and Singapore's aim of encouraging more local         
                    Copyright 1995 Deutsche Presse-Agentur                      
                            Deutsche Presse-Agentur                             
                        June  9, 1995, Friday, BC Cycle                         
                          09:52 Central European Time                           
SECTION: International News                                                     
LENGTH: 547 words                                                               
HEADLINE:  Burma  to battle drug menace jointly with Southeast Asian nations    
DATELINE: Singapore                                                             
KEYWORD: Singapore;  Burma                                                      
     Burma  Friday pledged full support to South East Asian nations to battle   
the growing drug menace harvested in its highlands and trafficked to the United 
States, Europe, Australia and Asian nations, aides to Burmese Prime Minister Gen
Than Shwe said.                                                                 

    They told ...                                                               
     Burma  has in recent years expressed considerable interest in joining      
ASEAN, which groups Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, the Philippines   
and Brunei, and has moved towards a market  economy.                            
    In talks with Indonesian President Suharto in Jakarta recently and now with 
Singapore leaders, Than Shwe has expressed his desire to help plug the drug     
traffic supply routes from  Burma  to other Asian nations and the West.         
    A huge crop of about 2,500 tonnes of opium was harvested in  Burma  late    
last year and early this year, to be trafficked into North America, Europe,     
Australia and Asian countries.                                                  
    The United States is still debating whether to give money to  Burma  - the  
source of supply of up to 70 per cent of heroin in the U.S. - to fight drug     
    The Clinton administration, however, has tied this with a demand to Rangoon 
to put a stop to human rights violations and adopt democratic reforms.          

    Proponents of anti-narcotics ...                                            
                 Copyright 1995 The Financial Times Limited;                    
                                Financial Times                                 
                              June  9, 1995, Friday                             
SECTION: Pg. 6                                                                  
LENGTH: 692 words                                                               
HEADLINE: Singapore welcomes Rangoon pariahs: Help for military regime upsets   
BYLINE: By KIERAN COOKE                                                         
    General Than Shwe, head of the State Law and Order Restoration Council      
(Slorc),  Burma's  military regime, is not a favoured guest in many countries.  
But it is different in Singapore. Yesterday the ...                             
   ... label Singapore's policy as destructive opportunism. According to        
officials in Rangoon, Singapore is now the top foreign investor in  Burma,  with
an estimated Dollars 300m (Pounds 190m) invested mainly in the property and     
hotels sector.                                                                  
    Singaporean companies, led by government-controlled enterprises, are hoping 
to expand into other areas of an  economy  which has begun to grow after decades
of stagnation. Official statistics published this week in Rangoon show  Burma's 
gross domestic product rose 6.8 per cent in the year to March. It is expected to
reach nearly 8 ...                                                              
   ... a memorandum of understanding for the construction of a SDollars 500m    
(Pounds 227m) international airport in Mandalay, central  Burma.  The Keppel    
Group, Singapore's biggest company and also government-controlled, has so far   
raised Dollars 30m for a Myanmar Fund to channel investment into  Burma.        
    Over the past three years the Singapore government has been urging business 
people to invest more abroad. It says such investment is vital: having outgrown 
its small domestic base, Singapore must go regional and develop a 'second wing' 
to its  economy.                                                                
    Singapore has no shortage of funds for such purposes. Savings rates - at    
nearly 50 per cent of GDP - are among the ...                                   
   ... in China and Vietnam. Singapore government companies, rather than the    
private sector, have led the charge overseas.                                   
    Singapore now sees  Burma  as the region's new frontier.                    
Government-to-government relations are close. Mr Goh Chok Tong, Singapore's     
prime minister, was among the first of the world's leaders to visit  Burma      
after the military crushed the pro-democracy movement. Singapore is widely      
believed to sell substantial quantities of arms to the Burmese military; Rangoon
residents say Singaporean arms makers also use Burmese territory to test their  
    Not only does  Burma  appreciate the funds Singapore is bringing into the   
country, but the junta's close relations with Singapore have served as a        
bridgehead in its battle to gained wider legitimacy.  Burma  has also           
successfully cultivated closer relations with Indonesia: Gen Than Shwe arrived  
in Singapore from Jakarta, where he had asked for Indonesian help ...           
   ... Indonesian companies, led by conglomerates controlled by sons of         
President Suharto, are involved in forestry operations in  Burma.               
    Vietnam joins the six-member Asean group at the end of July.  Burma  says it
wants to join as soon as possible.                                              
    But while Gen Than Shwe and his fellow officers seek to make friends ...    
                       Copyright 1995 Reuters, Limited                          
                             Reuters World Service                              
                         June  9, 1995, Friday, BC cycle                        
LENGTH: 549 words                                                               
HEADLINE: ASEAN responds to  Burma's  investment mission                        
BYLINE: By Ajoy Sen                                                             
DATELINE: SINGAPORE, June 9                                                     
KEYWORD: -SINGAPORE- BURMA                                                      
   ... since he became chairman of SLORC in 1992.                               
   As well as talks on economic cooperation, Than Shwe was also expected to     
discuss the prospect of  Burma's  participation in ASEAN activities.            

   ''Singapore will help Myanmar ( Burma)  integrate itself into the region and 
develop like the countries of ASEAN,'' Singapore Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong   
said during a speech at a dinner on Thursday. He said  Burma  was a country of  
vast resources and substantial growth potential.                                
   But Goh also told Than Shwe that  Burma  should continue improving its       
economic and political climate if it wanted to attract more foreign investment. 
   Earlier this week, Singapore Technologies ...                                
   ... million international airport in Mandalay.                               
   Analysts said Than Shwe's visits were a sign of ASEAN's divergence from      
efforts to isolate  Burma  and of a desire to take advantage of its rich        
resources and cheap labour.                                                     
   ''Than Shwe's visit is in keeping with the ASEAN strategy not to ...         
   ... Sridharan, a political scientist at the National University of Singapore.
   ''Given that there is a positive trend in Myanmar to liberalise its          
 economy,  and efforts by some ASEAN countries to diversify, one could expect   
 strengthening of cooperation between ASEAN and Myanmar,'' said Kevin Chew,      
economist at Baring Securities in Malaysia.                                     
    Burma,  with rich natural resources and an abundant supply of cheap labour, 
offered an opportunity to Singapore and Malaysia to relocate some of their ...  
   ... intensive industries in that country to cut costs, Chew told Reuters.    
   ASEAN has adopted a policy of ''constructive engagement'' with  Burma,  in   
contrast to the policies of some Western countries which have pegged better     
relations on improvements in human rights, democracy and narcotics suppression. 
   Goh visited  Burma  last year to discuss opening up its  economy  and        
encouraging foreign investment. He was only the second head of government to    
visit  Burma  since its military rulers crushed pro-democracy protests in 1988. 
   On Friday, Than Swee called on senior ...                                    
                      Copyright 1995 Mainichi Daily News                        
                              Mainichi Daily News                               
                             June  8, 1995, Thursday                            
SECTION: Page 9; ASIA FOCUS                                                     
LENGTH: 1722 words                                                              
HEADLINE: When Buddhism and state collide                                       
   ... won a landslide victory at the polls in 1990, a result that the ruling   
military junta quickly nullified. The  economy  and state may be presided over  
by financiers, politicians and generals but the hearts and minds of the majority
of Burmese are governed by the ...                                              
   ... collecting rounds has become one of the abiding, though still impressive,
cliches of tourism in this region. Before the British annexed  Burma  - as they 
dubbed the country - monks were the main educators, and monastic schools, which 
were free of charge, taught not only the Buddhist scriptures but also ...       
   ... plot to belittle them, or simply as an unnecessary and insanitary        
obligation. It was also perhaps, a reflection of the lower regard in which they 
held  Burma,  at least in comparison with India. Certainly none of the Europeans
visiting or living in  Burma  at the time would have dreamed of entering a      
mosque in New Delhi with their boots on. Nineteenth-century prints show ...     
                    Copyright 1995 Deutsche Presse-Agentur                      
                            Deutsche Presse-Agentur                             
                       June  8, 1995, Thursday, BC Cycle                        
                          16:10 Central European Time                           
SECTION: International News                                                     
LENGTH: 814 words                                                               
HEADLINE:  Burma  set to join emerging Asian  economies,  says S'pore leader    
DATELINE: Singapore                                                             
KEYWORD: Singapore;  Burma                                                      
     Burma's  opening of its  economy  to foreign investors and the steps taken 
towards a market  economy  has made it set to join the train of emerging Asian  
 economies  into the year 2000 and beyond, Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong said    
    Speaking at a state banquet hosted by him in honour of Burmese Prime        
Minister Than Shwe, who is on a four-day official visit, Goh said that if       
 Burma  sustained the momentum with constructive political developments and     
stable conditions, "there will be increased international confidence in your    
country's investment climate."                                                  
    "A stable, peaceful Myanmar ( Burma)  which enjoys good economic growth and 
is well-integrated with the region will benefit the people of Myanmar and the   
region," Goh told a gathering of Burmese government ministers and Singapore VIPs
at the presidential palace.                                                     
   ... ministers met in Bangkok for the first time in 1994 and would meet again 
for the ASEAN ministerial meeting in Brunei next month.                         
    "These are significant bonding events for the region," Goh said, assuring   
that the island-nation would "help  Burma  integrate itself into the region and 
develop like the countries of ASEAN."                                           
     Burma  has repeatedly expressed its wish to join ASEAN, which links        
Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, the Philippines and Brunei.           
    Goh said the signing of the "Agreement on Bilateral Economic Co-operation"  
between  Burma  and Singapore Thursday was an "important milestone in our       
    The agreement was signed between Singapore's deputy prime minister,         
Brigadier-General Lee Hsien Loong, and  Burma's  minister for national planning 
and economic development, Brigadier-General David Abel.                         
    The accord aims to facilitate economic cooperation between the two countries
starting with tourism and agro-business, promote the growth of bilateral trade  
through simplification of trade procedures and ...                              
                        Copyright 1995 Reuters Limited                          
                    The Reuter Asia-Pacific Business Report                     
                        June  8, 1995, Thursday, BC cycle                       
LENGTH: 532 words                                                               
BYLINE: By Kim Coghill                                                          
DATELINE: SINGAPORE, June 8                                                     
KEYWORD: SINGAPORE- BURMA                                                       
    Burma's  top military leaders                                               
and cabinet ministers arrived in Singapore on Thursday for a                    
high-profile, four-day visit aimed at boosting trade and                        
economic cooperation with this wealthy island state.                            
   Dressed in a business suit, Senior General Than Shwe,                        
chairman of the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)                 
and prime minister of  Burma,  was received by Prime Minister Goh               
Chok Tong, one of the staunchest advocates of integrating  Burma                
into the region despite charges of its human rights abuses.                     
   Goh visited  Burma  last year to discuss opening up its                      
 economy  and encouraging foreign investment. He was only the                   
second head of government to visit  Burma  since its military                   
rulers crushed pro-democracy protests in 1988.                                  
   ... a S$ 500 million ($ 360 million) international airport in                
   The deal, which could open up further opportunities for                      
tourism from Singapore, was the latest in a series of tie-ups                   
between Burmese and Singapore businesses fuelled by  Burma's                    
desire to develop a more market-oriented  economy  and Singapore's              
aim of encouraging more local companies to expand overseas.                     
   Singapore has identified  Burma,  China, Indochina and India                 
as potential investment areas to develop an "external  economy" .               

   Singapore government figures show trade with  Burma  amounted                
to Singapore $ 720 million (US$ 518 million) in 1993, up from                   
Singapore $ 603 million (US $ 434 million) in 1992. Singapore's                 
imports form  Burma  include seafood, wood and crude rubber while               
exports include tobacco, petroleum products and cars.                           
   No official figures are available on Singapore's sales of                    
arms to  Burma.                                                                 
   Than Shwe and his delegation arrived in Singapore from                       
Indonesia, where they agreed with Jakarta to boost economic and                 
trade relations. Rangoon also asked Indonesia for help in                       
developing its natural gas resources.                                           
   The trip marks Than Shwe's first visits to members of the                    
Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) since becoming                   
chairman of SLORC in 1992.                                                      
   In addition to talks on economic cooperation in both                         
countries, Than Shwe was also expected to discuss the prospect                  
of  Burma's  participation in ASEAN activities, the Myanmar                     
( Burma)  News Agency said.                                                     

   He is accompanied by Lieutenant-General Khin Nyunt, first                    
secretary of SLORC; Lieutenant-General Myint Aung, minister for                 
agriculture; Lieutenant-General Thein Win, minister for                         
transportation; Brigadier-General David Abel, ...                               
                       Copyright 1995 Reuters, Limited                          
                             Reuters World Service                              
                        June  8, 1995, Thursday, BC cycle                       
LENGTH: 528 words                                                               
HEADLINE: Singapore PM urges  Burma  to open  economy  further                  
BYLINE: By Kim Coghill                                                          
DATELINE: SINGAPORE, June 8                                                     
KEYWORD: -SINGAPORE- BURMA                                                      
   ... it wants to attract more foreign investment.                             
   ''Myanmar is a country of vast resources and substantial growth potential.   
The opening of the  economy  to foreign investors and the steps you have taken  
towards a market  economy  will enable Myanmar to join the train of emerging    
Asian  economies, '' Goh said in a speech at a dinner with  Burma's  Prime      
Minister Than Shwe.                                                             
   ... high-powered Burmese military and political delegation were in Jakarta   
earlier in the week where they signed an agreement to boost  economy  and trade 
   In addition to talks on economic cooperation in both countries, Than Shwe was
also expected to discuss the prospect of  Burma's  participation in ASEAN       
   Singapore is one of the staunchest advocates of integrating  Burma  into the 
region despite charges of human-rights abuses.                                  
   ''Singapore will help Myanmar integrate intself into the region and develop  
like the countries of ASEAN,'' Goh said.                                        
   Goh visited  Burma  last year to discuss opening up its  economy  and        
encouraging foreign investment. He was only the second head of government to    
visit  Burma  since its military rulers crushed pro-democracy protests in 1988. 
   Earlier Thursday, the leaders witnessed the signing of an ...                
   ... for tourism from Singapore, was the latest in a series of tie-ups between
Burmese and Singapore businesses fuelled by  Burma's  desire to develop a more  
market-oriented  economy  and Singapore's aim of encouraging more local         
companies to expand overseas.                                                   
   Singapore has identified  Burma,  China, Indochina and India as potential    
investment areas to develop an ''external  economy. ''                          
   Goh said Singapore's trade with Myanmar reached US$570 million in 1994 while 
Singapore's investments were close to US$300 million. Government figures show   
trade with  Burma  amounted to US $518 million) in 1993.                        

                           Source: Reuter Textline                              
                           Business Times (Malaysia)                            
                                  June  7, 1995                                 
LENGTH: 360 words                                                               
    SHARES, led by blue-chips, closed lower due to profit taking. Brokers said  
the market was a bit cautious amid uncertainties over the extent of the US      
 economy's  slowdown.                                                           
    "Ahead of further data on the US  economy,  investors are a bit cautious,"  
one senior analyst said.                                                        
    He added however: "People are still optimistic that two to three months down
the road, things are going to be better."                                       
    The 30-share Straits Times Industrials ...                                  
   ... heard of any fresh rumours surrounding the company.                      
    Volume traded was 100.041m units valued at S$ 306.670m.                     
    STIC which announced a major deal to build a S$ 500m airport in  Burma,     
rose S$ 0.03 to S$ 2.08 on volume of 2.11m units.                               
             Copyright 1995 The British Broadcasting Corporation                
                        BBC Summary of World Broadcasts                         
                              June  5, 1995, Monday                             
SECTION: Part 3 Asia - Pacific; TAIWAN; FE/2321/F                               
LENGTH: 263 words                                                               
HEADLINE: RELATIONS WITH GERMANY;                                               
Germany to remove Taiwan from "high-tension" list                               
SOURCE: Source: Central News Agency, Taipei, in English 0906 gmt 3 Jun 95       
   ... tension" list on 1st July, which will increase Taiwan's chances of       
obtaining German weapons and high technology.                                   
   German  Economy  Minister Guenter Rexrodt announced the decision in a meeting
with Republic of China [ROC] Economic Affairs Minister P.K. ...                 
   ... high-tension" list, which will cover only Iraq, Iran, former Yugoslavia, 
Libya, North Korea, Syria, Afghanistan,  Burma  and Somalia following a series  
of policy reviews by the German government.                                     
   Previously, Taiwan was barred from buying submarines and frigates from ...   

                    Copyright 1995 Deutsche Presse-Agentur                      
                            Deutsche Presse-Agentur                             
                        June  5, 1995, Monday, BC Cycle                         
                          16:08 Central European Time                           
SECTION: Financial Pages                                                        
LENGTH: 334 words                                                               
HEADLINE: Taiwan oil company to develop fields in Kazakhstan and  Burma         
DATELINE: Taipei                                                                
    Taiwan's Chinese Petroleum Corp. (CPC) is joining a U.S. and an Israeli     
company to develop a Kazakhstan oil field and will drill for oil in  Burma  with
an Australian company, CPC said Monday.                                         
    Houston-based ADK is the coordinator in the joint venture to develop the    
Tenge oil field near the Caspian Sea in Kazakhstan, CPC Vice President Hsieh    
Shih-hsiung said   ... out," he said.                                                           
    The Israeli participant is Tel Aviv-based NAPHTHA. Representatives from the 
three oil firms are meeting in Istanbul, Turkey, June 7-9.  CPC has budgeted    
10.4 million U.S. dollars for the joint venture.                                
    CPC has won the  Economy  Ministry's approval to join Sydney-based Southern 
Pacific Petroleum NL Co. to drill for oil in  Burma.                            
    "The oil field is called Block L. It is off  Burma's  coast near            
Bangladesh," Hsieh said. CPC currently imports 450,000 barrels of crude a day,  
70 per cent of it from the Middle East.  dpa cc jbp                             
                          Source: Reuter Textline                              
                                  Bangkok Post                                  
                                  June  4, 1995                                 
LENGTH: 2414 words                                                              
BYLINE: BY PETER SKILLING                                                       
    FIVE years have passed since elections were held in  Burma  on May 27, 1990.
Out of 485 seats contested, that National League for Democracy (NLD) won 392,   
while the army's National Unity Party won a mere 10 (the remaining ...          
   ... recently been adjourned until September, and a constitution - let alone a
transfer of power - is nowhere in sight.                                        
    The Slorc and its apologists - the proponents of "constructive engagement" -
argue that the regime has opened up the (formerly socialist)  economy,  and that
it is gradually moving towards democracy.                                       

    Neither claim is true. Major sectors of the  economy  remain firmly in the  
hands of the military, and the army is a major partner in most joint            
enterprises, usually from behind the scenes and often through family members or 
    A two-tiered foreign ...                                                    
   ... we're not going to progress economically either. A government that cannot
guarantee basic human rights certainly won't be able to guarantee any economic  
rights." The truth of this assessment is depressingly evident throughout  Burma 
    The Slorc has not only failed to move towards democracy, but this has led   
the country backwards, all the while relentlessly tightening its stranglehold.  
Mass population transfers, forced labour, ethnic cleansing, and the arrest and  
   ... nothing for the people.                                                  
    Would anyone like to suggest that the army is about to relinquish power?    
    The US State Department's International Narcotics Control Strategy Report,  
released in March this year, announced that "since 1989  Burma  has become the  
world's largest producer of opium and heroin."  Burma's  contribution to the US 
drug market has increased from about 14% before 1988 to well over 50% at        
present. All this has hap-pened since the Slorc came to power. Clearly something
is a very rotten ...                                                            
   ... arrogant and brutal governments in Asia today; it is to aggravate the    
suffering of the Burmese people.                                                
    It is high time to say "no" to Slorc Inc and force it out of business.      
    The crux of the crisis in  Burma  is the refusal of the army to return the  
power of government to the people. Meaningful steps towards a resolution of the 
crisis or towards national reconciliation cannot be taken until a genuine       
transfer of power has been effected, and a free and ...                         
                      Copyright 1995 Kyodo News Service                         
                            Japan Economic Newswire                             
                             JUNE  3, 1995, SATURDAY                            
LENGTH: 1348 words                                                              
HEADLINE: Asian editorial excerpts                                              
DATELINE: TOKYO, June 3 Kyodo                                                   
   ... in the latest week:                                                      
   The Challenge for Japan (Business Times, Singapore):                         
   Four years after the bubble burst, Japan's  economy  is still in the pits.   
Industry after industry is reeling from the impact of the soaring yen.          
   For their part, these corporations -- especially those in ...                

   To be sure, the restructuring of Japan's  economy  will involve pain.  But   
that must be compared with the pain which would result if Japan tried to carry  
on with business as usual.  It is ...                                           
   ... 86 to safety. (June 2)                                                   
   Multilateral effort led by the U.S. will force SLORC to behave (Nation,      
    Burma  (Myanmar) has emerged as one of the world's most persistent violators
of human rights.  Aung San Suu Kyi, leader of  Burma's  democratic movement and 
winner of the Nobel Peace prize, is now in her sixth year of house arrest.  The 
parliament that was democratically elected in 1990 has never been convened and  
many of those elected are now in prison.                                        
   Additionally,  Burma  has become the world's largest producer of opium and   
heroin, much of which finds its way to the streets of Europe and North America. 
   Yet instead of ...                                                           
   ... a policy of 'constructive engagement' with the regime.                   

   On Tuesday, U.S. Congressman Bill Richardson returned from an official visit 
to  Burma. ..There are strong indications, he said, the Burmese junta will not  
release Aung San Suu Kyi, nor restart talks with her.                           
   Despite these blatant violations of human rights, the world community seems  
to believe that little can be done to pressure  Burma's  ruling junta to improve
its human rights record.                                                        
   Trade and economic sanctions coming alone from the U.S. would not work and   
because of this, the U.S. has to ...                                            
   ... It's soon CGI time again (Indonesian Observer, Jakarta):                 
   In a very short time, Indonesian officials dealing with the  economy  will be
in Paris for the fourth annual meeting of the Consultative Group for Indonesia  
   If last year's CGI ...                                                       

*Report End/.