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Home > Main Library > Religious and ethnic discrimination > Inter-Communal violence and discrimination - Myanmar - peace initiatives > Advisory Commission on Rakhine State and associated bodies

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Advisory Commission on Rakhine State and associated bodies

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: Advisory Commission on Rakhine State - website (Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Advisory Commission on Rakhine State
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 30 August 2017


Title: Advisory Commission on Rakhine State - website (English and Burmese)
Description/subject: This site has the Commission's public documents in English and Burmese dating back to August 2016
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Advisory Commission on Rakhine State
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 29 August 2017


Individual Documents

Title: Advisory Commission on Rakhine State: Lessons Learned Report
Date of publication: June 2018
Description/subject: Table of Contents: Executive Summary . . . Part I: The Political Context . . . Part II: The Commission’s Mandate and Structure . . . Part III: The Work of the Commission . . . Part IV: Lessons Learned: Technical Considerations . . . Part V: Lessons Learned: Political Considerations . . . Indication of Sources for this Brief . . . ...Executive Summary: "...Despite its efforts, the Commission was unable to secure the buy-in from some key domestic constituencies, including parts of the Rakhine community and the Myanmar Army. Moreover, as the Commission’s work progressed, the situation on the ground deteriorated. In the immediate aftermath of the release of the Commission’s final report, attacks by the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA) on government positions were followed by a comprehensive “clearance operation” by Myanmar authorities. Violence and destruction of private property forced more than 600,000 Muslims to flee across the border to Bangladesh. Reports of serious human rights violations carried out by security forces and Rakhine vigilante groups abounded...In December 2017, the Kofi Annan Foundation initiated an internal “lessons learned” process in order to assess the strengths and weaknesses of the Commission’s work. This report sums up the main findings of the evaluation process, which was primarily based on some 50 interviews with key stakeholders with intimate knowledge of the Commission, including Government representatives, analysts, diplomats, UN officials, representatives of the Kofi Annan Foundation, as well as the commissioners themselves. The interviews were carried out in Yangon, Naypyidaw, Bangkok and Geneva...The report presents an outline of the Commission’s work, and examines its mandate, structure and modus operandi. It also assesses the political opportunities and constraints provided by the political context in which the Commission operated, and – most fundamentally – looks at the outcome and legacy of the Commission’s work. The scope of the report is limited to activities of the Commission and developments over the course of its mandate, and thus it does not seek to track or assess the implementation of the Commission’s recommendations by the government of Myanmar...The “lessons learned” from the Commission’s work may potentially be of use and interest beyond Myanmar. Through this report, the Kofi Annan Foundation seeks to share these lessons in a way that is accessible and instructive for policy makers, academics, and practitioners alike..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Advisory Commission on Rakhine State
Format/size: pdf (10MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.kofiannanfoundation.org/mediation-and-crisis-resolution/rakhine-lessons-learned/
Date of entry/update: 30 June 2018


Title: AP Interview: Richardson resigns from Rohingya refugee panel
Date of publication: 24 January 2018
Description/subject: YANGON, Myanmar – Former New Mexico Gov. Bill Richardson has resigned from an international advisory panel on the massive Rohingya refugee crisis, calling it a "whitewash and a cheerleading operation" for Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi. The sudden resignation Wednesday of probably the panel's most prominent member, a former senior U.S. politician and diplomat who considered Suu Kyi a close friend, raises serious questions about international efforts to deal with the calamitous fallout of Myanmar military operations since August against the Rohingya Muslims that the United Nations has called "textbook ethnic cleansing."..."
Author/creator: Foster Klug
Language: English
Source/publisher: Associated Press (AP)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 January 2018


Title: Burma at 70: why it’s time to end the Myanmar morality play
Date of publication: 08 January 2018
Description/subject: "Like 90% of countries around the world, every year Burma (now Myanmar) marks the day its corner of the world was supposed to have changed for the better. Here it’s January 4th, when the country gained its independence from Britain. As arbitrary as it can sometimes feel, Independence Day is at least a good opportunity for reflection. Even more so when it’s a nice round number like 2018, which marks exactly 70 years of independence for Myanmar..."
Author/creator: Alex Bescoby
Language: English
Source/publisher: teacircleoxford
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 18 January 2018


Title: The Establishment of the Advisory Board for the “Committee for Implementation of the Recommendations on Rakhine State”
Date of publication: 14 December 2017
Description/subject: "The Ministry of the Office of the State Counsellor Republic of the Union of Myanmar (14 December 2017) The Establishment of the Advisory Board for the “Committee for Implementation of the Recommendations on Rakhine State” 1. The Committee for implementation of the Recommendations on Rakhine State was officially formed with Notification 75/2017 dated of 12 September 2017 by the Office of the President of Republic of the Union of Myanmar. 2. The above-mentioned notification provides for the formation of an advisory board with the local, regional and international experts, as well as experienced individuals to provide necessary advice for the effective implementation of the recommendations of the Advisory Commission on Rakhine State based on the situation on the ground. 3. Accordingly, the Advisory Board for the “Committee for Implementation of the Recommendations on Rakhine State’ has been established with the following persons:..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Ministry of the Office of the State Counsellor Republic of the Union of Myanmar
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 25 January 2018


Title: Establishment of the Committee for Implementation of the Recommendations on Rakhine State
Date of publication: 12 October 2017
Description/subject: "Order No.75/2017 establishing the Committee for Implementation of the Recommendations on Rakhine State was issued on 12 September 2017. Thereafter, Order No.83/2017 enlarging the membership was subsequently issued on 9 October 2017. The Terms of Reference of the two orders are identical. The following is the official translation of Order No.83/2017. Republic of the Union of Myanmar Office of the President Order No.83/2017 4th Waning of Thadingyut 1379 ME (9 October 2017) Establishment of the Committee for Implementation of the Recommendations on Rakhine State 1. In order to implement the report of the Maungdaw Region Investigation Commission and the recommendations contained in the final report of the Advisory Commission on Rakhine State, the Committee for Implementation of the Recommendations on Rakhine State has been established with the following persons:..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: President's Office, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 25 January 2018


Title: "Towards a Peaceful, Fair and Prosperous Future for the People of Rakhine": Final Report of the Advisory Commission on Rakhine State (Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 24 August 2017
Description/subject: "After one year of consultations held across Rakhine State and in other parts of the country and the region, the Advisory Commission submitted its final report to national authorities on 23 August. The report recommends urgent and sustained action on a number of fronts to prevent violence, maintain peace, foster reconciliation and offer a sense of hope to the State’s hard-pressed population. The final report of the Advisory Commission on Rakhine State, chaired by Kofi Annan, puts forward recommendations to surmount the political, socio-economic and humanitarian challenges that currently face Rakhine State. It builds on the Commission’s interim report released in March of this year. “Unless concerted action – led by the government and aided by all sectors of the government and society – is taken soon, we risk the return of another cycle of violence and radicalisation, which will further deepen the chronic poverty that afflicts Rakhine State”, said Kofi Annan, Chair of the Advisory Commission on Rakhine State. The final report addresses in depth a broad range of structural issues that are impediments to the peace and prosperity of Rakhine State. Several recommendations focus specifically on citizenship verification, rights and equality before the law, documentation, the situation of the internally displaced and freedom of movement, which affect the Muslim population disproportionally. An overview of the thematic focus areas of the report and its recommendations can be found here. The report is the outcome of over 150 consultations and meetings held by the Advisory Commission since its launch in September 2016. Commission members have travelled extensively throughout Rakhine State, and held meetings in Yangon and Naypyitaw, Indonesia, Thailand, Bangladesh, and Geneva. “The Commission has put forward honest and constructive recommendations which we know will create debate,” Commission Chair Kofi Annan said. “However, if adopted and implemented in the spirit in which they were conceived, I firmly believe that our recommendations, along with those of our interim report, can trace a path to lasting peace, development and respect for the rule of law in Rakhine State.” With the submission of its final report, the Advisory Commission on Rakhine has completed its mandate. However, the Commission’s report recommends a national mechanism be established to ensure the effective implementation of its recommendations. “We propose a ministerial-level appointment to be made with the sole function of coordinating policy on Rakhine State and ensuring the effective implementation of the Rakhine Advisory Commission’s recommendations,” says Commission Chair Kofi Annan. “The appointee should be supported by a permanent and well-staffed secretariat, which will be an integral part of the Central Committee on Implementation of Peace and Development in Rakhine State and support its work.”
Author/creator: Kofi Annan (Chair), U Win Mra, U Aye Lwin, Dr Tha Hla Shwe, Dr Mya Thida, Daw Saw Khin Tint, U Khin Maung Lay, Mr Ghassan Salamé, Ms Laetitia van den Assum
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Advisory Commission on Rakhine State
Format/size: pdf (9,3MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.rakhinecommission.org/
Date of entry/update: 29 August 2017


Title: "Towards a Peaceful, Fair and Prosperous Future for the People of Rakhine": Final Report of the Advisory Commission on Rakhine State (English)
Date of publication: 24 August 2017
Description/subject: "After one year of consultations held across Rakhine State and in other parts of the country and the region, the Advisory Commission submitted its final report to national authorities on 23 August. The report recommends urgent and sustained action on a number of fronts to prevent violence, maintain peace, foster reconciliation and offer a sense of hope to the State’s hard-pressed population. The final report of the Advisory Commission on Rakhine State, chaired by Kofi Annan, puts forward recommendations to surmount the political, socio-economic and humanitarian challenges that currently face Rakhine State. It builds on the Commission’s interim report released in March of this year. “Unless concerted action – led by the government and aided by all sectors of the government and society – is taken soon, we risk the return of another cycle of violence and radicalisation, which will further deepen the chronic poverty that afflicts Rakhine State”, said Kofi Annan, Chair of the Advisory Commission on Rakhine State. The final report addresses in depth a broad range of structural issues that are impediments to the peace and prosperity of Rakhine State. Several recommendations focus specifically on citizenship verification, rights and equality before the law, documentation, the situation of the internally displaced and freedom of movement, which affect the Muslim population disproportionally. An overview of the thematic focus areas of the report and its recommendations can be found here. The report is the outcome of over 150 consultations and meetings held by the Advisory Commission since its launch in September 2016. Commission members have travelled extensively throughout Rakhine State, and held meetings in Yangon and Naypyitaw, Indonesia, Thailand, Bangladesh, and Geneva. “The Commission has put forward honest and constructive recommendations which we know will create debate,” Commission Chair Kofi Annan said. “However, if adopted and implemented in the spirit in which they were conceived, I firmly believe that our recommendations, along with those of our interim report, can trace a path to lasting peace, development and respect for the rule of law in Rakhine State.” With the submission of its final report, the Advisory Commission on Rakhine has completed its mandate. However, the Commission’s report recommends a national mechanism be established to ensure the effective implementation of its recommendations. “We propose a ministerial-level appointment to be made with the sole function of coordinating policy on Rakhine State and ensuring the effective implementation of the Rakhine Advisory Commission’s recommendations,” says Commission Chair Kofi Annan. “The appointee should be supported by a permanent and well-staffed secretariat, which will be an integral part of the Central Committee on Implementation of Peace and Development in Rakhine State and support its work.”
Author/creator: Kofi Annan (Chair), U Win Mra, U Aye Lwin, Dr Tha Hla Shwe, Dr Mya Thida, Daw Saw Khin Tint, U Khin Maung Lay, Mr Ghassan Salamé, Ms Laetitia van den Assum
Language: English
Source/publisher: Advisory Commission on Rakhine State
Format/size: pdf (272K-reduced version; 372K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.rakhinecommission.org/app/uploads/2017/08/FinalReport_Eng.pdf
Date of entry/update: 29 August 2017


Title: An overview of the thematic focus areas of the report - Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 24 August 2017
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Advisory Commission on Rakhine State
Format/size: pdf (416K)
Date of entry/update: 30 August 2017


Title: Mr Kofi Annan’s remarks on the release of the final report (video)
Date of publication: 24 August 2017
Language: English
Source/publisher: Advisory Commission on Rakhine State via Youtube
Format/size: Adobe Flash or html5 (10.51)
Date of entry/update: 29 August 2017


Title: Overview of key points and recommendations - Final report of the Advisory Commission on Rakhine State
Date of publication: 24 August 2017
Description/subject: "Recurring conflict in Rakhine State is a major impediment to national peace and reconciliation in Myanmar, as well as a significant obstacle to the development of the State, which is among the poorest in the Union of Myanmar. The challenges facing commun ities across the State are dangerous and demand urgent action. This includes - but is not limited to - the unresolved status of the large number of currently stateless Muslims, which exacerbates numerous socio - economic challenges facing the State. The fi nal report of the Advisory Commission on Rakhine State: Towards a Peaceful, Fair and Prosperous Future for the People of Rakhine builds on the Commission’s interim report to provide a comprehensive set of recommendations to achieve lasting peace and prospe rity in Rakhine. Below is an outline of some of the report’s main points and recommendations..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Advisory Commission on Rakhine State
Format/size: pdf (490K)
Date of entry/update: 29 August 2017


Title: Press Release for Final Report of the Advisory Commission on Rakhine State
Date of publication: 24 August 2017
Language: English
Source/publisher: Advisory Commission on Rakhine State
Format/size: pdf (587K)
Date of entry/update: 29 August 2017


Title: Selection of photos from the work of the Commission
Date of publication: 24 August 2017
Language: English
Source/publisher: Advisory Commission on Rakhine State
Format/size: html (63K)
Date of entry/update: 29 August 2017


Title: Remarks by Kofi Annan, Chairman of the Advisory Commission on Rakhine State - Press Conference
Date of publication: 23 August 2017
Description/subject: "Good afternoon. Today and yesterday, we formally presented the final report of the Advisory Commission on Rakhine State to the President and to the State Counsellor of Myanmar. We also met with the Commander in Chief, members of parliament, and the Central Committee for the Implementation of Peace, Stability and Development in Rakhine. As we prepared our findings and recommendations o ver the past twelve months, my fellow commissioners and I have consulted widely. We have engaged with political and religious leaders , civil society organisations and communities across Rakhine State..." .
Author/creator: Kofi Annan
Language: English
Source/publisher: Advisory Commission on Rakhine State
Format/size: pdf (424K)
Date of entry/update: 29 August 2017


Title: INTERIM REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS (of the Advisory Commission on Rakhine State)
Date of publication: 16 March 2017
Description/subject: Statement by Kofi Annan, Chair of the Advisory Commission on Rakhine State (Interim Report) MARCH 16, 2017 "Let me make a few introductory remarks on our report. First, we should accept that the nature of the crisis facing Rakhine state has changed due to the attacks of 9 October and the subsequent security operations. This has led to investigations and reports by the United Nations and human rights agencies. However, we as the Advisory Commission are guided by our mandate to focus mainly on long-standing obstacles to peace and development in Rakhine State. We recognise that the challenges facing Rakhine State and its peoples are complex and the search for lasting solutions will require determination, perseverance and trust. Nevertheless, there are steps that can be taken immediately, which we put forward in this report. The report proposes a series of measures to address the situation in Rakhine State. These recommendations include a renewed call for unimpeded access for humanitarian actors and journalists to the affected areas in Northern Rakhine and for independent and impartial investigation of the allegations of crimes committed on and since 9 October 2016. We strongly believe that perpetrators of these crimes must be held to account. Our recommendations, of course, go beyond the current situation in Northern Rakhine and include proposals relating to: the protection of rights, freedom of movement, enhanced economic and social development and the edification of Rakhine’s cultural heritage. The Commission is aware of a number of unresolved concerns surrounding the verification of citizenship and recommends that they be clarified and resolved without delay. We also stress that inclusive access to healthcare and education for the all the people in Rakhine requires attention and improvement. In this context the Commission makes some interim recommendations for early remedial measures. In the Commission’s view, creating conditions conducive for inter-communal dialogue, representation and participation in public life are essential to ensure that Rakhine state is spared from recurring cycles of violence and destruction. We make some recommendations in that regard. In developing these interim recommendations, my fellow Commissioners and I have undertaken numerous consultations and discussions with a wide range of stakeholders in Rakhine, Yangon, and Naypyitaw. As part of that consultative process, a Commission team visited Bangladesh. We have also held consultations with officials from Indonesia, Thailand and organisations based in New York and Geneva. We believe that bilateral cooperation with Bangladesh on security and economic matters is critical, as is the outreach to ASEAN members. The recommendations in this report are not exhaustive and do not address all of the issues covered in our mandate. These are early proposals for action. The main body of our recommendations will be presented in a final report later this year. In closing I want to commend my fellow Commissioners and members of our office in Yangon, who have worked tirelessly to fulfil the important task, set for us by the State Counsellor. Our consultations will continue as we work to produce our final report, and we look forward to further exchanges with communities and stakeholders across Rakhine State."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Advisory Commission on Rakhine State
Format/size: pdf (346K-original; 311K-reduced version)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs23/ACRS_2017-03-16-Advisory-Commission-Interim-Report-red.pdf
Date of entry/update: 17 March 2017