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Home > Main Library > Internal conflict > Internal conflict in Burma > Conflict in particular States > Armed conflict in Rakhine (Arakan) State

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Armed conflict in Rakhine (Arakan) State

Individual Documents

Title: ‘Groupism’ and sectarian violence in Arakan
Date of publication: 12 October 2016
Description/subject: "In the immediate aftermath of last Sunday’s attacks on security forces in northern Arakan State’s Maungdaw Township, rumours, accusations and outright propaganda quickly crowded out what little was actually known about the situation. Officials and politicians wasted no time in ascribing the attacks to the Rohingya Solidarity Organisation (RSO), a group widely believed to be defunct, despite a complete lack of evidence. And many journalists blindly repeated their claims, propagating the agendas of interested parties in a highly polarized conflict. Others, including the dangerously influential monk Ashin Wirathu, added further fuel to the fire, using Facebook to warn of a “third Jihad”, in a post that was shared more than 6,000 times..."
Author/creator: Carlos Sardiña Galache
Language: English
Source/publisher: Democratic Voice of Burma (DVB)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 12 October 2016


Title: Myanmar Border Attacks Fuel Tensions with Rohingya Muslim Minority
Date of publication: 12 October 2016
Description/subject: "Large coordinated attacks hit three Myanmar border police posts in the troubled Rakhine State on 9 October. In this Q&A, Crisis Group Myanmar Adviser Richard Horsey warns that it could tip simmering tensions between the beleaguered Rohingya Muslim minority and the government into wider, open conflict... At least 250 assailants, and perhaps as many as 500-800, launched simultaneous early morning attacks on 9 October on three border police posts in Maungdaw and Rathedaung townships near Myanmar’s north-western border with Bangladesh, according to information released by the government. They were armed mostly with knives and slingshots, as well as about 30 firearms. Nine police officers were killed and the attackers fled with at least 50 guns and 10,000 rounds of ammunition. In subsequent days there have been further deadly clashes between this group and the security forces. The attacks were carried out by Muslims, according to both government statements and local sources. An unverified video of the attackers, filmed in the wake of the attacks, has been circulating on social networks and seems legitimate. In it, one of the group calls on “all Rohingya around the world to prepare for jihad and join them”. This, the need for local knowledge to carry out the assaults, and the difficulty of moving large numbers of people around this area are all suggestive of local Muslim involvement – possibly organised with some outside support. However, many details of who exactly organised this and how remain unclear. The attacks mark a major escalation of violence in Rakhine. The number of attackers and their sophisticated tactics – they used a diversionary attack to draw the defenders out of one of the posts before the main assault began – display an unprecedented level of planning in a conflict that has to date seen little sign of organised violent resistance from the oppressed Muslim population..."
Author/creator: Richard Horsey
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Crisis Group (ICG)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 12 October 2016