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Home > Main Library > Water, including dams > Water bodies (global. regional) > Water in Burma - water security and water bodies (including coastal waters) > Water security in Burma/Myanmar

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Water security in Burma/Myanmar

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: Google search for Irrawaddy "water security" climate change
Description/subject: About 465 results (October 2017)
Language: English
Source/publisher: Google
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 15 October 2017


Title: Google search for Irrawaddy himalayan glacier melt
Description/subject: About 28,800 results (October 2017)
Language: English
Source/publisher: Google
Format/size: html, Adobe Flash etc
Date of entry/update: 15 October 2017


Title: Google search for Myanmar Water Security
Description/subject: About 1,800,000 results (October 2017)
Language: English
Source/publisher: Google
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 15 October 2017


Title: Water security in Myanmar - Google search results for "roundtable on water security myanmar"
Description/subject: About 20 Myanmar-specific links on water security in Myanmar
Language: English
Source/publisher: Google
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 27 May 2016


Individual Documents

Title: Water Woes Put a Damper on Myanmar’s Surging Economy
Date of publication: 25 May 2016
Description/subject: "The central plains of Myanmar, bordered by mountains on the west and east, include the only semi-arid region in South East Asia – the Dry Zone, home to some 10 million people. This 13 percent of Myanmar’s territory sums up the challenges that the country faces with respect to water security: an uneven geographical and seasonal distribution of this natural resource, the increasing unpredictability of rain patterns due to climate change, and a lack of water management strategies to cope with extreme weather conditions. Using water resources more wisely is critical, according to NGOs and institutional actors like the Global Water Partnership, which organized a high-level roundtable on water security issues in Yangon on May 24. UN data shows that only about five percent of the country’s potential water resources are being utilised, mostly by the agricultural sector. At the same time, growing urbanisation and the integration of Myanmar into the global economy after five decades of military dictatorship are enhancing demand..."
Author/creator: Sara Perria
Language: English
Source/publisher: Inter Press Service (IPS)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 May 2016


Title: Water Security Critical for World Fastest-Growing Economy
Date of publication: 24 May 2016
Description/subject: " Lack of water management and limited access to data risk hindering Myanmar’s economic growth, making water security a top priority of the new government. Climate change and increased urbanisation, along with earthquakes, cyclones, periodic flooding and major drought, require an urgent infrastructural upgrade if the country is to undergo a successful integration into the global economy after five decades of economic isolation under military rule. “Water resources are abundant in Myanmar. However, we need to manage it properly to get adequate and clean water,” said Yangon regional government chief minister U Phyo Min Thein, attending a high-level roundtable on water security organised by Stockholm-based facilitator Global Water Partnership on May 24 in Yangon. According to IMF data, Myanmar is the fastest growing economy in the world, following an easing of sanctions in 2011, when the military handed power to a semi-civilian reformist government. “Water security is a priority for the new government,” said Myanmar’s deputy minister of Transport and Communication U Kyaw Myo. The challenges inherited by the now de facto leader of the country Aung San Suu Kyi, however, are enormous. An expected industrial development and urbanisation boom are only going to make more urgent the need for efficient water management solutions in one of the most challenging areas of South Asia..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Inter Press Service (IPS)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 05 June 2016


Title: Rising river flows throughout the twenty-first century in two Himalayan glacierized watersheds
Date of publication: 2013
Description/subject: "Greater Himalayan glaciers are retreating and losing mass at rates comparable to glaciers in other regions of the world Assessments of future changes and their associated hydrological impacts are scarce, oversimplify glacier dynamics or include a limited number of climate models. Here, we use results from the latest ensemble of climate models in combination with a high-resolution glacio-hydrological model to assess the hydrological impact of climate change on two climatically contrasting watersheds in the Greater Himalaya, the Baltoro and Langtang watersheds that drain into the Indus and Ganges rivers, respectively. We show that the largest uncertainty in future runoff is a result of variations in projected precipitation between climate models. In both watersheds, strong, but highly variable, increases in future runoff are projected and, despite the different characteristics of the watersheds, their responses are surprisingly similar. In both cases, glaciers will recede but net glacier melt runoff is on a rising limb at least until 2050. In combination with a positive change in precipitation, water availability during this century is not likely to decline. We conclude that river basins that depend on monsoon rains and glacier melt will continue to sustain the increasing water demands expected in these areas. [Article preview]
Author/creator: W. W. Immerzeel, F. Pellicciotti, F. P. Bierkens
Language: English
Source/publisher: Geoscience 6, 742–745 (2013)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 15 October 2017


Title: The Melting Himalayas: Cascading Effects of Climate Change on Water, Biodiversity, and Livelihoods
Description/subject: Abstract: "The Greater Himalayas hold the largest mass of ice outside polar regions and are the source of the 10 largest rivers in Asia. Rapid reduction in the volume of Himalayan glaciers due to climate change is occurring. The cascading effects of rising temperatures and loss of ice and snow in the region are affecting, for example, water availability (amounts, seasonality), biodiversity (endemic species, predator–prey relations), ecosystem boundary shifts (tree-line movements, high-elevation ecosystem changes), and global feedbacks (monsoonal shifts, loss of soil carbon). Climate change will also have environmental and social impacts that will likely increase uncertainty in water supplies and agricultural production for human populations across Asia. A common understanding of climate change needs to be developed through regional and local-scale research so that mitigation and adaptation strategies can be identified and implemented. The challenges brought about by climate change in the Greater Himalayas can only be addressed through increased regional collaboration in scientific research and policy making.".....Keywords: alpine ecosystem, cascading effects, climate change, glaciers, Himalayas, water resources
Author/creator: JIANCHU XU, EDWARD GRUMBINE, ARUN SHRESTHA, MATS ERIKSSON, XUEFEI YANG, YUN WANG, ANDREAS WILKES
Language: English
Source/publisher: 2009 Society for Conservation Biology
Format/size: pdf (447K)
Date of entry/update: 15 October 2017