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Home > Main Library > Human Rights > Labour Rights > Labour rights: reports of violations in Burma and the region > All Labour Rights (violations)

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All Labour Rights (violations)

Individual Documents

Title: Child Labour in the Myanmar Fishing Sector.
Date of publication: October 2018
Description/subject: "The fishing industry has been a significant driver of Myanmar’s economic growth in the last decade. However, Myanmar’s fishing industry has simultaneously been associated with alleged child labour issues. Human Rights Now (HRN), a Tokyobased international human rights NGO, sent a fact-finding mission in July 2017 to investigate the alleged child labour situation in the Myanmar fishing industry. Over the course of five visits from 6 July 2017 to 25 July 2017, the fact-finding mission conducted interviews with labourers at San Pya market, one of the largest wholesale fish markets in Yangon, as well as at two villages across the Yangon River, Aye and Ba Done Nyunt villages. The fact-finding team conducted interviews with 19 people, including 12 child labourers1. While acknowledging the limited scope of the fact-finding mission, HRN uncovered abject working conditions and the use of child labour in the fishing sector in Myanmar. Child participation in the Myanmar labour force is widespread due to poverty, little knowledge about the issue, shortcomings in the country’s education system and a lack of services aimed at poor children and families.2 Furthermore, Myanmar lacks a coherent legal framework against the practice of child labour and, simultaneously, for the protection of young workers..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Myanmar Centre for Responsible Business via "Human Right Now"
Format/size: html, pdf (961K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.myanmar-responsiblebusiness.org/news/child-labour-fishing-sector.html
Date of entry/update: 26 October 2018

Title: UNDER PRESSURE - A Study of Labour Conditions in Garment Factories in Myanmar which are wholly Korean owned or in a Joint Venture with Korean Companies
Date of publication: March 2016
Description/subject: "This report is a fruit of a one year’s research work by a team of researchers, project staff and volunteers at Action Labor Rights (ALR), led by Thurein Aung (ALR), and with advice from Tin Maung Htwe (Data Analysis) and Carol Ransley. Action Labor Rights (ALR) had its beginnings in 2002 when young members of the National League for Democracy were working with the ILO to advocate for freedom of association and to abolish forced and child labour. In May 2007, six ALR members and more than 80 workers from Hlaingthaya, Shwepyitha and Dagon industrial zones were arrested after taking part in Labour Day celebrations at the US Embassy in Yangon. After their release from prison in January 2012, the activists decided to continue their activities as an organization, and formally established ALR in February 2012. Its activities include training workers on their rights and on labour laws, monitoring the practices of international sourcing companies, research and advocacy, and focusing on the rights of women workers. The research was made possible with support from the Myanmar Centre for Responsible Business (MCRB) as part of their commitment to build capacity of Myanmar civil society working on business and human rights issues and to create knowledge for raising public awareness. However, the report’s findings and recommendations belong to ALR alone..." Action Labour Rights က ေရးသားသည့္ ဤအစီရင္ခံစာသည္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံတြင္ တည္ရိွသည့္ အထည္ခ်ဳပ္စက္ရုံမ်ားအနက္ ကိုရီးယားႏိုင္ငံသားမ်ား အျပည့္အဝပိုင္ဆိုင္သည့္ စက္ရုံမ်ားႏွင့္ ကိုရီးယားကုမၸဏီမ်ားႏွင့္ ဖက္စပ္လုပ္ကိုင္သည့္ စက္ရုံမ်ားမွ အလုပ္သမားမ်ားႏွင့္သက္ဆိုင္သည့္အေျခအေနမ်ားကို ဆန္းစစ္ထားျခင္းျဖစ္ပါသည္။ ကုမၸဏီအမ်ားစုသည္ ရန္ကုန္ႏွင့္ ပဲခုူးဝန္းက်င္ရွိ စက္မႈဇုန္မ်ားတြင္ တည္ရွိပါသည္။ ယခု အစီရင္ခံစာသည္ ၂ဝ၁၅ ဧၿပီလမွ ဇြန္လအတြင္း ကြင္းဆင္းေလ့လာသူ ဆယ္ေယာက္ပါဝင္ေသာ အဖြဲ႔ျဖင့္ စက္ရုံလုပ္ငန္းခြင္ ၃၉ ခုမွ ဝန္ထမ္းေပါင္း ၁၂ဝဝ ကို အရည္အေသြးအရေရာ အေရအတြက္အရပါအေျခခံသည့္ ေမးခြန္းမ်ားကို ေမးျမန္း၍ ရရွိလာသည့္ အခ်က္အလက္မ်ားကို အေျခခံ၍ ေရးသားထား ျခင္းျဖစ္ပါသည္။ ထို႔အတူ အျခားသူမ်ားျပဳလုပ္ထားခဲ႔သည္႔၊ ေရးသားသည္႔ အေၾကာင္းအရာ အခ်က္အလက္မ်ားမွ ျပန္လည္ေကာက္ႏႈတ္ထားသည္႔ တစ္ဆင္႔ခံ အခ်က္အလက္မ်ားလဲ ပါ၀င္ပါသည္။ ကိုယ္တိုင္ ေမးျမန္းမႈမ်ား ျပဳလုပ္ရာတြင္လည္း အေရးပါေသာသူမ်ားျဖစ္သည္႔ မန္ေနဂ်ာမ်ားႏွင္႔ ဝန္ထမ္းမ်ားအား အဖြ႔ဲလုိက္ ေဆြးေႏြးေစမႈမ်ားလည္း ပါ၀င္ပါသည္။ 본 ‘노동기본권행동연대(Action Labor Rights)’가 작성한 이 보고서는 미얀마에서 한국인이 경영하거나 현지 자본과 조인트벤처 형태로 운영하는 일부 의복공장들의 노동환경을 다루고 있습니다. 조사 대상의 대부분은 양곤지역이나 바고의 공단에 위치한 회사들로서, 지난해 4 월부터 6 월까지, 이들 지역 서른아홉개 공장 1 천 2 백명의 노동자들로부터 수집한 질적, 양적 자료를 토대로 결론을 도출했습니다. 이번 조사에는 저희 단체 소속 10 명의 연구원들이 현장투입돼, 공장 매니저들을 포함한 제보자와 중점 조사대상 그룹을 집중 인터뷰하고, 관련 자료도 넘겨받아 보고서를 작성했습니다.
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ), Korean
Source/publisher: Action Labor Rights (ALR)
Format/size: pdf (2MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.myanmar-responsiblebusiness.org/news/under-pressure.html
Date of entry/update: 08 April 2016

Date of publication: 28 September 2015
Description/subject: "Two labour activists are currently on trial for providing striking garment workers in Myanmar advice on their rights. Two other union leaders have already been sentenced to two years and six months in prison for their role in leading and supporting the workers. All four are prisoners of conscience who must be released immediately and unconditionally."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International
Format/size: html, pdf (143K-reduced version)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/ASA1625472015-en-red.pdf
Date of entry/update: 29 September 2015

Title: 2011 Annual Survey of violations of trade union rights: Burma
Date of publication: 2011
Description/subject: "Numerous strikes occurred with workers demanding better working conditions and wage increases. Labour activists unsuccessfully attempted to register a trade union with the military regime, in a country where establishment of a trade union is still prohibited. Workers’ rights are not respected and forced labour remains a significant issue."
Language: English (also available in German, French and Spanish)
Source/publisher: International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC CSI IGB)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 01 January 2012

Title: 2009 Annual Survey of violations of trade union rights: Burma
Date of publication: 2009
Description/subject: "The Ayeyarwady Delta and southern Rangoon Division were devastated on 2-3 May by Cyclone Nargis, which killed more than140,000 persons, making it Burma’s worst natural disaster in history. The suffering of the tens of thousands of survivors was immensely compounded by refusals by the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) military government to immediately allow international teams of humanitarian experts and supplies into the storm-struck areas. A major reason was the priority placed by the SPDC on proceeding with a 10 May national referendum on a new, military-drafted constitution. Claims by the ruling military generals that the referendum received more than a 92% "yes" vote ignored widespread electoral irregularities and abuses that were roundly condemned by the international community. Harsh repression against all forms of trade union activity remained in place, dozens of trade unionists languished in jail, and the ITUC associated Federation of Trade Unions Burma (FTUB) was still considered an illegal organisation..."
Language: English (also available in German, French and Spanish)
Source/publisher: International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC CSI IGB)
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://survey09.ituc-csi.org/survey.php?IDContinent=3&IDCountry=MMR&Lang=EN
Date of entry/update: 01 January 2012

Title: 2008 Annual Survey of violations of trade union rights: Burma
Date of publication: 2008
Description/subject: "A major citizens uprising in September against the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) military government was led by Buddhist monks and supported by workers, students and citizen activists. Popularly known as the "Saffron Revolution", the movement was crushed by military force on September 26-27, with hundreds injured and killed, and thousands arrested. Harsh repression against all forms of trade union activity remained in place, and the ITUC associated FTUB was still considered an illegal organization..."
Language: English (also available in German, French and Spanish)
Source/publisher: International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC CSI IGB)
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://survey08.ituc-csi.org/survey.php?IDContinent=3&IDCountry=MMR&Lang=EN
Date of entry/update: 01 January 2012

Date of publication: April 2007
Description/subject: Originally published in the "Legal Issues on Burma Journal", Volume No. 19 December 2004 (p. 66-75). [The exact date of publication of the TLJ is not given. The document was last modified on 31 March 2007, so we have given it the date of April 2007]
Author/creator: Jason Douglas Hoge
Source/publisher: Burma Lawyers' Council via Thailand Law Journal 2007 Spring Issue 1 Volume 10
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 01 January 2012

Title: 2007 Annual Survey of violations of trade union rights: Burma
Date of publication: 2007
Description/subject: "The State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) military regime continued to totally disregard all human and labour rights. Military agents tortured and imprisoned labour leaders, maintained bans on the Federation of Trade Unions – Burma (FTUB) and other labour organisations, and continued the house arrest of opposition leader and Nobel Peace prize winner Aung San Suu Kyi. Despite interventions by the ILO, forced labour continued to be used systematically by the regime."
Language: English (also available in German, French and Spanish)
Source/publisher: International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC CSI IGB)
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://survey07.ituc-csi.org/getcountry.php?IDCountry=MMR&IDLang=EN
Date of entry/update: 01 January 2012

Title: Forced Labour and Freedom of Association in Burma
Date of publication: 01 May 2001
Description/subject: in "Amnesty International's Concerns at the 89th International Labour Conference 5-21 June 2001, Geneva"
Language: English and Spanish
Source/publisher: Amnesty International
Format/size: html, pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/IOR42/004/2001/en/f580f55f-d93b-11dd-ad8c-f3d4445c118e/ior4...
http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/IOR42/004/2001/en/ff6e9d96-d93b-11dd-ad8c-f3d4445c118e/ior4... (Spanish)
Date of entry/update: 21 November 2010

Title: US Dept. of Labor, 2000 Report on Labor Practices in Burma
Date of publication: February 2000
Language: English
Source/publisher: US Dept. of Labor
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.dol.gov/ilab/media/reports/ofr/burma2000/burma2.htm
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: ILO concludes 87 th Conference Adopts new instruments against child labour
Date of publication: 17 June 1999
Description/subject: GENEVA (ILO News) - The International Labour Conference today wrapped up its 87 th session which heard addresses by three heads of state and a Nobel laureate, and reached a unanimous decision to adopt a Convention and Recommendation banning the worst forms of child labour.
Language: English
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: Report on Labor Practices in Burma (1998)
Date of publication: September 1998
Description/subject: Surveys, analyzes, and summarizes the major allegations US concerning labor practices in Burma. Addresses allegations of child labor practices, workers' rights, the forced relocation of laborers, and the use of forced labor to support the tourism industry and construction of the Yadana gas pipeline........
Language: English
Source/publisher: US Bureau of International Labor Affairs
Format/size: html (398K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.dol.gov/ILAB/media/reports/ofr/burma1998/main.htm
Copy at http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/library/e_archive/gov_reports/child_labor/burma/Labor_Practices_Burma.htm
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003