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Amnesty International reports on Burma/Myanmar
These reports include older reports not on the Amnesty site...For recent reports, go to www.amnesty.org then to Library, then to the Advanced Search...Search for Myanmar

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: Amnesty International Myanmar page
Description/subject: Campaigns, News, Research
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: https://www.amnesty.org/en/search/?country=38380
Date of entry/update: 30 June 2016

Individual Documents

Date of publication: 27 June 2018
Description/subject: Executive Summary: "Early in the morning of 25 August 2017, a Rohingya armed group known as the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA) launched coordinated attacks on security force posts in northern Rakhine State, Myanmar. In the days, weeks, and months that followed, the Myanmar security forces, led by the Myanmar Army, attacked the entire Rohingya population in villages across northern Rakhine State. In the 10 months after 25 August, the Myanmar security forces drove more than 702,000 women, men, and children—more than 80 per cent of the Rohingya who lived in northern Rakhine State at the crisis’s outset— into neighbouring Bangladesh. The ethnic cleansing of the Rohingya population was achieved by a relentless and systematic campaign in which the Myanmar security forces unlawfully killed thousands of Rohingya, including young children; raped and committed other sexual violence against hundreds of Rohingya women and girls; tortured Rohingya men and boys in detention sites; pushed Rohingya communities toward starvation by burning markets and blocking access to farmland; and burned hundreds of Rohingya villages in a targeted and deliberate manner. These crimes amount to crimes against humanity under international law, as they were perpetrated as part of a widespread and systematic attack against the Rohingya population. Amnesty International has evidence of nine of the 11 crimes against humanity listed in the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court being committed since 25 August 2017, including murder, torture, deportation or forcible transfer, rape and other sexual violence, persecution, enforced disappearance, and other inhumane acts, such as forced starvation. Amnesty International also has evidence that responsibility for these crimes extends to the highest levels of the military, including Senior General Min Aung Hlaing, the Commander-in-Chief of the Defence Services. This report is based on more than 400 interviews carried out between September 2017 and June 2018, including during four research missions to the refugee camps in Bangladesh and three missions to Myanmar, one of which was to Rakhine State. The interviews were overwhelmingly with survivors and direct witnesses to crimes. Amnesty International sought out people from different ethnic and religious communities from northern Rakhine State, including Rohingya, a predominantly Muslim group; ethnic Rakhine, Mro, Khami, and Thet, all predominantly Buddhist groups; and Hindu. In addition to survivors and witnesses, Amnesty International interviewed humanitarian aid workers in Bangladesh and Myanmar; medical professionals in Bangladesh who had treated violence-related injuries among Rohingya refugees; analysts of the Myanmar military; diplomats; journalists; and local administrative officials in Myanmar, known as Village Administrators. The report also draws on an extensive analysis of satellite imagery and data; forensic medical examination of injury photographs; authenticated photographic and video material taken by Rohingya in northern Rakhine State; confidential documents, particularly on the Myanmar military’s command structure; and open source investigations and analysis, including of Facebook posts related to the Myanmar military..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International (ASA 16/8630/2018)
Format/size: pdf (6.1MB-reduced version; 7.5MB-original)
Alternate URLs: https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/ASA1686302018ENGLISH.PDF
Date of entry/update: 27 June 2018

Title: Human Rights Council must address dramatic deterioration of human rights situation in Myanmar - Amnesty International's written statement to the 37th session of the UN Human Rights Council (26 February-23 March 2018)
Date of publication: 16 February 2018
Description/subject: "The situation in Myanmar has deteriorated dramatically in the last year, and across the country the military has committed wide-ranging human rights violations. The severity of the situation cannot be understated. Myanmar today increasingly – and alarmingly – resembles the Myanmar of old. The civilian government, while holding no formal power over the military, has failed to curb the violence, and instead has often fostered rather than challenged impunity and discrimination. The country risks regressing still further unless there is a major change in course. This not only necessitates a fundamental change from Myanmar’s civilian and military authorities, but also much more effective action from the international community. At the upcoming session, the UN Human Rights Council must send a clear message to Myanmar’s leaders that human rights violations – both past and ongoing – will not go unpunished."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International (ASA 16/7915/2018)
Format/size: html, pdf (200K)
Alternate URLs: http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?c=125&su=129
Date of entry/update: 16 February 2018

Title: Myanmar: "All the civilians suffer": Conflict, displacement, and abuse in Northern Myanmar
Date of publication: 14 June 2017
Description/subject: "Over the last seven months, fighting has intensified between the Myanmar Army and ethnic armed groups in Kachin and northern Shan States, areas with long-running conflicts as ethnic minorities have sought greater autonomy and respect for their rights. This report documents war crimes and other human rights violations by the Myanmar Army, including extrajudicial executions, torture, forced labour, and indiscriminate shelling. Most victims are civilians from ethnic minorities in the region, continuing a legacy of abuse that has rarely led to accountability for the soldiers or commanders responsible.".....TOPICS: Myanmar... Asia and The Pacific... Armed Conflict... Armed Groups... Child Soldiers... Impunity... Disappearances... Unlawful Killings... Internally Displaced People... Torture and other ill-treatment... Racial Discrimination... War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity... Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.
Language: English (full report); Burmese & Chinese - executive summary
Source/publisher: Amnesty International (ASA 16/6429/2017)
Format/size: pdf (1.8MB-en); (395K-bu); (707K-cn)
Alternate URLs: https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/asa16/6429/2017/en/
Date of entry/update: 15 June 2017

Date of publication: 09 June 2017
Description/subject: "The conflict in Myanmar’s Kachin and northern Shan States has now entered its seventh year, pitting the Myanmar Army against a range of ethnic armed groups in areas near the border with China. An escalation in fighting since November 2016 has seen a rise in the Army’s violations against civilians, which in some cases amount to war crimes. Ethnic armed groups have also committed serious abuses."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 15 June 2017

Date of publication: February 2017
Description/subject: Conclusions: "Amnesty International’s latest research shows that hundreds of people close to the giant Letpadaung mine continue to face the risk of forced eviction from their farmland, and in the case of four villages, from their homes as well. In addition, thousands of people living in the area are at risk from Myanmar Wanbao’s inadequate management of environmental risk at the Letpadaung mine, which is situated in a flood and earthquake-prone area. The ESIA for the mine contains fundamental gaps and weaknesses, which Myanmar Wanbao has still not addressed. In 2015, Amnesty International concluded that the Myanmar government must halt the development of the Letpadaung mine until the human rights and environmental concerns were addressed. In May 2016 the mine began producing copper, but those human rights and environmental concerns have still not been addressed. Amnesty International is repeating its call therefore for the mine’s operations to be suspended, while these concerns are dealt with. Amnesty International is also repeating its call for the government of Myanmar to urgently act to prevent human rights abuses at the Letpadaung and S&K mines and provide effective remedy for the human rights abuses that people there have already suffered. The authorities must stop using draconian laws to charge and harass villagers participating in peaceful protests against the mine project. More broadly, the Myanmar government needs to strengthen the legal framework, to improve the regulation of large projects, such as mines, and put in place an adequate framework for land acquisition that is based on international standards on the right to adequate housing and the prohibition of forced evictions. Both the government of Myanmar and Myanmar Wanbao must also ensure an effective remedy for the human rights abuses that people there have already suffered. Foreign corporations doing business, or planning to do business, in Myanmar have a responsibility to ensure that their investments do not result in human rights abuses. All foreign corporations should conduct human rights due diligence on their planned business activities in Myanmar in line with international standards. The home state governments of companies investing in Myanmar, including China, which is the home state of Myanmar Wanbao, must ensure that their companies conduct human rights due diligence..."
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Amnesty International (ASA 16/5564/2017)
Format/size: pdf (3.6MB-en; 1.9MB-bu)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs23/AI2017-02-Mountain_of_trouble-bu.pdf
Date of entry/update: 10 February 2017

Date of publication: 28 September 2015
Description/subject: "Two labour activists are currently on trial for providing striking garment workers in Myanmar advice on their rights. Two other union leaders have already been sentenced to two years and six months in prison for their role in leading and supporting the workers. All four are prisoners of conscience who must be released immediately and unconditionally."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International
Format/size: html, pdf (143K-reduced version)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/ASA1625472015-en-red.pdf
Date of entry/update: 29 September 2015

Date of publication: 10 February 2015
Description/subject: Executive Summary: "This report is the culmination of a one year investigation by Amnesty International into alleged human rights abuses by companies, including multinational companies, operating in Myanmar. The report focuses on the Monywa copper mine project and highlights forced evictions, substantial environmental and social impacts, and the repression, sometimes brutal, of those who try to protest. It also raises serious questions about opaque corporate dealings and possible infringements of economic sanctions on Myanmar. The report calls on the Government of Myanmar to urgently introduce strong measures for the protection of human rights, and on multinational companies and the home governments of those companies to ensure that due diligence is carried out to international standards for all investment in Myanmar...This report examines the issues in relation to one major mining operation - the Monywa project - made up of the Sabetaung and Kyisintaung (S&K) and the Letpadaung copper mines. During an extensive one-year investigation, Amnesty International examined incidents that are specific to the Monywa project as well as some of the wider structural issues – such as the processes for acquisition of land and environmental protection – that will affect other extractive projects in Myanmar. The organization found that, since its inception and throughout its various changes in ownership, the Monywa project has been characterised by serious human rights abuses and a lack of transparency. Thousands of people have been forcibly evicted by the government with the knowledge, and in some cases the participation, of foreign companies. Environmental impacts have been poorly assessed and managed, with grave long-term implications for the health and livelihoods of people living near the mine. Protests by communities have been met with excessive force by police...".....CONCLUSION: The Government of Myanmar is responsible for the serious human rights violations that have taken place at the Monywa project over many years. It has forcibly evicted people and has failed to put in place safeguards to protect mine-affected communities from environmental pollution which can im- pact their rights to water and health, amongst other rights. It has shown an unwillingness to monitor corporate activity or to hold companies accountable for the harm their operations cause. The companies involved also bear responsibility. Despite a history of human rights violations sur- rounding the mine, a Canadian company, and subsequently a Chinese company, have invested without undertaking appropriate due diligence to ensure that past abuses were remediated and future abuses prevented. They have profited from abuses that they knew or should have known were happening, and have, in certain cases, themselves abused rights by participating in forced evictions or failing to remediate environmental pollution. The system that enabled the transfer of the Monywa project to a business venture that involved My- anmar military interests, without any transparency as to how such a sale occurred, is emblematic of the lack of accountability that exists around allocations of concessions and contracts in the extractive industry in Myanmar. The people of Myanmar must not see a resource curse unfold as it has done in so many other countries where powerful economic interests profit from a context in which regulation is weak, the government is unwilling to hold powerful political interests accountable and there is little or no transparency. The home states of multinational corporations must ensure that these corporations do not unjustly enrich themselves at the expense of Myanmar’s poorest people. The home states of companies involved in the Monywa project – Canada and China – have failed to do this...".....The report also contains critical analyses of Myanmar's land legislation.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International
Format/size: pdf (3.1MB-reduced version; 3.8MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/ASA16/003/2015/en/12a4143a-ee84-4ce1-8d32-a72a916e29f7/asa1...
Date of entry/update: 11 February 2015

Date of publication: September 1995
Description/subject: "Amnesty International has recently received new information about appalling conditions in labour camps and prisons in Myanmar. Unofficial sources have provided details about the treatment of prisoners, including torture, prolonged shackling, lack of proper medical care, and insufficient food. Torture techniques include beatings, sometimes to the point of unconsciousness; being forced to crawl over sharp stones; and being held in the hot sun for prolonged periods. Such practices are used by Myanmar's security forces to punish and intimidate prisoners. Conditions in labour camps are so harsh that hundreds of prisoners have died as a result. Many prisoners who have been forced to work as porters for the army have also died as a result of ill-treatment. In the material which follows, Amnesty International has omitted details which could identify imprisoned individuals, for fear of placing them at even greater risk of torture and illtreatment. Most of the information below concerns Insein Prison, Myanmar's largest detention facility, where at least 800 political prisoners are held along with thousands of people imprisoned under criminal charges. Insein Prison is located in the outskirts of Yangon (Rangoon, the capital). Thousands of other political prisoners are held in prisons throughout the country; however it is much more difficult to obtain information about conditions in these facilities..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International (ASA 16/22/95)
Format/size: pdf (23.9K)
Date of entry/update: 08 March 2012

Date of publication: 15 August 1995
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International (ASA 16/20/95)
Format/size: pdf (13.42KB)
Date of entry/update: 08 March 2012

Title: Myanmar: The climate of fear continues, members of ethnic minorities and political prisoners still targeted
Date of publication: August 1993
Description/subject: "The State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC), Myanmar's military rulers, continues to commit grave human rights violations against the Burmese people with impunity. Members of political opposition parties and ethnic minorities alike live in an atmosphere of fear which pervades all areas of the country. Some improvements have been made in the human rights situation, but the SLORC has not instituted more fundamental changes which would provide the population of Myanmar with protection from ongoing and systematic violations of human rights. Amnesty International welcomes these limited improvements, but it believes that the degree and scope of human rights violations in Myanmar continue to warrant serious international concern. In the material which follows, Amnesty International's concerns in the period from September 1992 until July 1993 are described in detail. Although over 1700 political prisoners have been released since April 1992, hundreds of others are believed to remain imprisoned after unfair trials or are detained without charge or trial. The rights to freedom of expression and assembly are still denied, although the tactics the SLORC uses to restrict them have changed. Because most perceived critics of the military have been silenced and remain behind bars, the SLORC now uses the Military Intelligence Services (MIS) to intimidate and harrass any real or impugned government critics who have been released or who remain at liberty. However, people who openly criticize the SLORC are still being arrested and sentenced to terms of imprisonment after unfair trials, and conditions of detention remain very poor, particularly for students and young people. Gross human rights violations against ethnic minority groups systematically committed by the Myanmar armed forces constitute a pattern of repression and state-sanctioned violence which has been ongoing since at least 1984. The army, known as the tatmadaw, continues to torture, ill-treat, and extrajudicially execute members of ethnic minorities, including the Karen, Mon, Shan, and Kayah groups. Whole villages are subject to being arbitrarily seized as porters or unpaid labourers where they are routinely severely mistreated or even killed by the tatmadaw. Ethnic minorities are also accused of supporting insurgent groups and have been ill-treated and extrajudicially killed on the spot in their villages or fields. For the past two years women and children have been subject to a wide range of human rights violations, including rape and murder, as they have been left behind in their villages after men have fled in the face of tatmadaw abuses..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnsty International USA (ASA 16/06/93)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 09 March 2005

Title: 1993_Women's_Action [AUNG SAN SUU KYI MYANMAR (BURMA)]
Date of publication: 1993
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International
Format/size: pdf (95.89KB)
Date of entry/update: 08 March 2012

Date of publication: 28 October 1992
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International (ASA 16/12/92)
Format/size: pdf (5K)
Date of entry/update: 06 May 2012

Date of publication: 19 March 1992
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International (ASA 16/05/92)
Format/size: pdf (5K)
Date of entry/update: 06 May 2012

Title: Myanmar: A long-term human rights crisis
Date of publication: January 1992
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International (ASA 16/03/92)
Format/size: pdf (22K)
Date of entry/update: 06 May 2012

Title: BANGLADESH: Threat of forcible return of refugees to Myanmar (Burma)
Date of publication: 12 December 1991
Source/publisher: Amnesty International (ASA 13/11/91)
Format/size: pdf (40.41KB)
Date of entry/update: 08 March 2012

Date of publication: 10 December 1991
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International (ASA 16/12/91)
Format/size: pdf (5K)
Date of entry/update: 06 May 2012

Date of publication: 10 December 1991
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International (ASA 16/11/91)
Format/size: pdf (5K)
Date of entry/update: 06 May 2012

Title: UNION OF MYANMAR (BURMA): Arrests and trials of political prisoners January-July 1991
Date of publication: December 1991
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International (ASA 16/10/91)
Format/size: pdf (136K)
Date of entry/update: 06 May 2012

Title: MYANMAR (BURMA): Continuing killings and ill-treatment of minority peoples
Date of publication: August 1991
Description/subject: "According to evidence gathered by Amnesty International in June and July 1991, the Myanmar (Burma)1 armed forces, officially known by their Burmese name tatmadaw, continue to seize arbitrarily, ill-treat and extrajudicially execute members of ethnic and religious minorities in rural areas of the country. The victims include people who were detained or targeted for shooting because soldiers suspect they may sympathize with or support ethnic minority guerrilla groups that have been fighting the tatmadaw for many years. They also include people seized by the tatmadaw and compelled to perform porterage - carrying food, ammunition and other supplies - or mine-clearing work. Among those who allegedly have been killed or ill-treated are members of the Karen, Mon and "Indian"2 ethnic minorities, which groups include people belonging to the Christian, animist3 and Muslim religious minorities..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International (ASA 16/05/91)
Format/size: pdf (113K), html
Alternate URLs: http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/ASA16/005/1991/en
Date of entry/update: 06 May 2012

Title: Myanmar: Update on human rights violations
Date of publication: 01 December 1990
Description/subject: This document reports the repression of peaceful opponents of Myanmar's Military Government (SLORC), including political party activists and buddhist monks. Unofficial reports suggest that some 90 National League for Democracy (NLD) members were arrested in late October, along with the entire leadership of the Democratic Party for a new Society. Amongst those imprisoned for political activities are Ohn Kyaing, Thein Dan, Kyi Maung, Chit Kaing and Nita Yin Yin May. Among the buddhist monks and lay religious supporters arrested for involvement in a boycott of the military are: U Laba, alias U Layama, Ma Khin Mar Swe, Daw Nan, Maung Aye alias Khin Maung Aye and U Soe Myint. Ill-treatment of hunger-strikers is also reported, including the death of Maung Ko.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International (ASA 16/39/90)
Format/size: pdf (16K), html
Alternate URLs: http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/ASA16/039/1990/en
Date of entry/update: 08 May 2012

Title: Myanmar: "In the national interest": Prisoners of conscience, torture, summary trials under martial law.
Date of publication: 07 November 1990
Description/subject: This report provides compelling evidence that real or imputed critics of Myanmar's military government continue to be imprisoned for the peaceful expression of their views. It contains graphic accounts of widespread torture, both of those detained for participation in the pro-democracy movement and of people held in connection with the activities of armed opposition groups representing Myanmar's ethnic minorities. AI's concerns about arrest, detention and judicial procedures under martial law are also described. Profiles of the following prisoners are given: Nay Min, Nan Zing La, Ba Thaw, Ma Theingi, Dr Tin Myo Win, U Aung Khin, Tin Nain Tun, and U Than Nyunt. Testimonies from former and current prisoners, relatives, friends or associates are also included.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International (ASA 16/10/90)
Format/size: pdf (1.05MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/ASA16/010/1990/en
Date of entry/update: 10 May 2012

Title: Myanmar: Recent developments related to human rights
Date of publication: 01 November 1990
Description/subject: This report describes some of the human rights violations which have taken place in Myanmar between May and September 1990, including the arrest of political activists and ill-treatment of political prisoners. It reports the continuing detention of members and leaders of the National League for Democracy (NLD), namely: Aung San Suu Kyi, Tin U, Kyi Maung, Chit Kaing, Ohn Kyaing, Thein Dan, Ye Myint Aung, Sein Kla Aung, Kyi Hla, Sein Hlaing, Myo Myint Nyein, and Nyan Paw. Three leaders of the Democratic Party for a New Society have also been arrested: Kyi Win, Ye Naing, Ngwe Oo.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International (ASA 16/28/90)
Format/size: pdf (10K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/ASA16/028/1990/en
Date of entry/update: 08 May 2012

Date of publication: 11 May 1988
Description/subject: Amnesty International said today (Wednesday, 11 May 1988) it has evidence of serious human rights violations in Burma by army units engaged in counter-insurgency operations. The victims are mainly members of Burma's ethnic minorities, civilian villagers living in remote and mountainous states where the Burmese army has been fighting various armed opposition groups. In a new report Amnesty International includes testimonies describing nearly 200 cases of apparent unlawful killing, torture and ill-treatment by government forces. The evidence comes from some of the thousands of Karen, Mon, and Kachin ethnic minority people who have fled across Burma's borders in search of safety.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International (ASA 16/06/88)
Format/size: pdf (323K)
Date of entry/update: 19 July 2012

Date of publication: November 1985
Description/subject: On 10 September 1985, six people were sentenced to death under the 1974 Narcotic Drugs Law by the Mandalay South-West Township Court No. 1. The six, named as Tun Nyan, Maung Lay (alias Tin Oo), Ma Shan Sein, Li Kya-Shin (alias Aung Pe), Ma Saw Yin and William (alias Ai Lin), were accused of trafficking in heroin. According to Amnesty International's information, these are the first persons known to have been sentenced to death in Burma for drug offences. In view of its unconditional opposition to the imposition and implementation of the death penalty, Amnesty International is appealing for the commutation of these death sentences
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International (ASA 16/02/85)
Format/size: pdf (31K)
Date of entry/update: 19 July 2012

Date of publication: December 1965
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International (ASA 16/000/65)
Format/size: pdf (125K)
Date of entry/update: 19 July 2012