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Armed conflict in Shan State

  • Armed conflict in Shan State - general articles

    Individual Documents

    Title: Tensions and Concerns in Shan State
    Date of publication: May 2013
    Description/subject: "As the Thein Sein Government’s peace process with its armed ethnic minorities continues, concerns remain in relation to Burma Army activities in Shan State and claims that the UWSA has increased its arsenal and is seeking an autonomous Wa State. Although armed ethnic groups, like the RCSS-SSA, have continually attempted to minimalize the impact of various clashes with the Burma Army, the continuing offensive in Northern Shan State, the on-going conflict in Kachin State, and reports of a possible offensive against the Wa further threatens peace in the area and could result in both the RCSS/SSA and the UWSA being drawn into a much wider conflict..."
    Author/creator: Editor: Lian H. Sakhong | Author: Paul Keenan
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Burma Centre for Ethnic Studies (Analysis Paper No. 7, May 2013)
    Format/size: pdf (184-OBL version; 211K-original))
    Alternate URLs: http://www.burmaethnicstudies.net/pdf/BCES-AP-7.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 17 June 2013


  • Armed conflict in Shan State - displacement and the humanitarian situation

    Individual Documents

    Title: Statement from TSYO and PWO on current situation: The Burmese government must immediately end human rights violations, including violence against women, in Palaung areas
    Date of publication: 06 May 2013
    Description/subject: "During the past four months, the Burmese Army has been carrying out fierce military offensives in Palaung areas against the Shan State Army-North (SSA-N), Kachin Independence Army (KIA) and Ta’ang National Liberation Army (TNLA). The Palaung Women’s Organization and Ta’ang Students and Youth Organization (TSYO) are gravely concerned at the impacts of the fighting on local communities, who have suffered widespread abuses by the Burmese military. Women have been raped, and young girls forced at gunpoint to guide and porter for Burmese troops. Villagers have been killed by landmines while tied up and forced to work as porters. Thousands of people in Palaung areas have fled their homes due to attacks and human rights abuses since the renewed fighting against the KIA, TNLA and SSA-N in 2011. Over 2,000 in Mantong and Namkham, and 2,000 in Kutkhai have become internally displaced person in Mantong, Namkham and Kutkhai, and over 1,500 have been displaced in Tangyan..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Palaung Women's Organisation (PWO), Ta'ang Student and Youth Organization (TSYO), Ta'ang (Palaung ) Working Group
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 27 May 2013


  • Armed conflict in Shan State - the human rights situation

    Websites/Multiple Documents

    Title: Shan Herald Agency for News (S.H.A.N.)
    Description/subject: Almost daily email distribution of news items on the Shan. Click on "News" in the left frame. Archive from May 1999 on the website, which also carries the archive of the monthly reports of the Shan Human Rights Foundation (for which, click on SHRF at the bottom, and then on "Monthly Report," top left). There are also a number of substantial constitutional/Shan documents on the site.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: S.H.A.N
    Subscribe: Write to shan@cm.ksc.co.th to be put on the distribution list.
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Shan Human Rights Foundation
    Description/subject: Contains the Shan Human Rights Foundation Monthly newsletters from 1998
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Shan Human Rights Foundation (SHRF)
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 07 December 2009


    Title: Shan Women's Action Network (SWAN)
    Description/subject: "SWAN is a founding member of the Women's League of Burma (WLB), an umbrella women's organization comprising eleven women's groups from Burma. SWAN, through its affiliation with other women's organizations, establishes common platforms to promote the role of women from Burma in the struggle for democracy and human rights in their country. SWAN's objectives: * Promoting women's rights and the rights of children; * Opposing exploitation of and violence against women and children; * Working together for peace and freedom in our society; * Empowering women for a better life; * Raising awareness to preserve natural resources and the environment. Background of SWAN SWAN was set up on 28 March 1999 by a group of Shan women active in Thailand and along the Thai- Burma border seeking to address the needs of Shan women. In fact, before the formation of SWAN, Shan women in various locations had already been active in a number of projects to assist women. Even though informal networks were in place, it was felt that more could be achieved, in addressing both practical and strategic needs of Shan women, if a more concrete network among the various women could be formed. This Shan women's network would also be able to coordinate with other women's organizations from Burma, as well as GOs and NGOs working with women locally, nationally and internationally. General Background The Shan State is over 64,000 square kilometers in size and forms the eastern part of the Union of Burma bordering China, Laos and Thailand. The people of the Shan State, like in other areas of Burma, suffer from abuse inflicted by the Burmese military regime, which according to Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch Asia is amongst the worst in the world. The abuse inflicted on the Shan people by the Burmese military has forced many people to flee for their lives to Thailand. The Thai government, however, does not recognize the Shan people as refugees and unlike the Karen and Karenni refugees, has not allowed them to set up refugees camps along the Thai-Burmese border. Consequently the Shans are forced to enter Thailand illegally, which leaves them extremely vulnerable to exploitation and abuse. Despite this, Shan people are still coming to take refuge in Thailand. The estimated number of Shans working illegally in Thailand is at least 300,000. Among them are many girls and young women who have been trafficked into Thai brothels, where they face a wide range of abuse including sexual and other physical violence, debt bondage, exposure to HIV/AIDS, forced labor without payment and illegal confinement..." Reports, programmes etc.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Shan Women's Action Network (SWAN)
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: April 2003


    Title: The human rights situation in Shan State
    Description/subject: Link to "Discrimination Against the Shan" in the OBL Human Rights section
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Online Burma/Myanmar Library
    Format/size: html, pdf
    Date of entry/update: 20 June 2012