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Pre-History

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: Prehistory: Prehistory of Burma, Pyu city-states and Mon city-states
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikipedia
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 July 2014


Individual Documents

Title: Prehistory to Proto-­history of Myanmar: A Perspective of Historical Geography
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Introduction: "Myanmar is located between the east Himalayan syntaxis and the Andaman Sea to the south, washed by the Bay of Bengal on the on west, Myanmar links Alpine-­Himalayan rogenic belt to the west with its extension in the rest of Southeast Asia. Myanmar lies in the Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Bangladesh and Thailand. Myanmar is the biggest country in the mainland Southeast Asia. It has a total area of 678,500 sq. km. Of this, land covers 657,740 sq. km, and water covers 20,760 sq. km. The total length of national boundary is 5,876 km, bordering with five neighboring countries: Bangladesh at 193 km; China at 2,185 km; India at 1,463 km; Lao PDR at 235 km and Thailand with a shared boundary of 1,800 km. There is also 1,930km of coastline. Eocene age primates found in the Pondaung Formation are represented by Pondaungia cotteri Pilgrim, 1927, Amphipithecus mogcmngensis Colbert, 1937, Bahinia pondaungensis Jaeger et al., 1999, and Myanmarpithecus ytmhensis Takai et al., 2001. Homo erectus had lived in Myanmar 750,000 years ago, and the Homo sapiens about 11,000 BCE, in a Stone Age culture called the Anyathian named after the sites found in the Dry Zone of Central Myanmar. The Padah-­lin caves located in Ywa-­ngan Township, Southern Shan State uncovered more than 1,600 stone artifacts of the Neolithic Age which are dated between 11,000 to 6,000 BCE and also found wall paintings. The Bronze Age evidences which dated 1500 BCE were found in Nyaunggan, Budalin Township. The Iron Age arrived around 500 BCE when iron-­working settlements emerged in a lying to the south of present day Mandalay and near Bagan. The Pyu people, the earliest inhabitants of Myanmar moved into the upper Ayeyarwady valley from present day Yunnan, China around 200 BCE. The Pyu were followed by the Mon, the Ra khine and the Bamar in the first millennium CE.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Win Naing Tun
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (1.8MB)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 09 September 2015


Title: WAYS OF SEEING A PYU, MON AND DVARAVATI ARTISTIC CONTINUUM
Date of publication: 2010
Description/subject: "During the last 100 years artistic relationships between the Pyu and Mon of Burma and the Dvāravatī Mon of Thailand have been frequently hinted at yet until recently these ideas had not been explored further. In light of contemporary re-search, and in particular, relatively stable access to Burma, there is renewed interest in the cultures which inhabited the region extending from Upper Burma through Lower Burma and into central and south-west Thailand during the first millennium CE. Conventionally viewed as distinct cultural groups, on reappraising archaeological and historical re-search associated with the Pyu, Mon and Dvāravatī it is now suggested that these communities were more closely linked than traditionally thought."
Author/creator: Charlotte Galloway
Language: English
Source/publisher: College of Arts and Social Sciences, The Australian National University
Format/size: pdf (535K-reduced version; 1.62MB-original)
Alternate URLs: https://www.google.com/url?q=http://journals.lib.washington.edu/index.php/BIPPA/article/download/10...
Date of entry/update: 24 October 2014


Title: From early Bama (Myanmar) up to the present Myanmar nation (ေရွးျမန္မာမ်ား၀င္ေရာက္ခဲ့ပံု)
Date of publication: 1998
Description/subject: Describes how the original Bama (Myanmar) people entered the present Myanmar country. The author argues that the early Bama (Myanmar) were unusually brave warriors who were skillful horsemen.. They invaded from the north-east into Upper Myanmar, then gradually entered central Myanmar, from Ywa-ngan (Shan State) to Kyaukse. They then settled in Kyaukse district, Minbu district and Bagan about AD 850.....Myanmar - History - Early History , Tagaung.....Key Words: 1. Tibeto - Burman, 2. Manshu, 3. Nansaw, 4. Pyu, 5. Thet, 6. Yunan, 7. Lashi, 8. Maru, 9. Meintha, 10. Yakhine.
Author/creator: BA SHIN, Col.
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Myanmar before Anawrahta", 3rd ed,, Innwa Publishing House, via Washington University
Format/size: pdf (681K-reduced version; 2.7MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/BS0011.pdf
Date of entry/update: 21 October 2014