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Home > Main Library > History > Historical periods > Military (BSPP) Period, 1962-1988

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Military (BSPP) Period, 1962-1988

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: "Burma Press Summary" (1987 - 1996)
Description/subject: NOW TRANSFERRED TO THE MAIN DATABASE "The Burma Press Summary" contains full texts of many of the laws and decrees pronounced between April 1987 and December 1996, speeches by the BSPP and SLORC leaders as well as other documents and summaries of reports from "The Working People's Daily", "The New Light of Myanmar" and "The Guardian".
Author/creator: Hugh MacDougall, compiler
Language: English
Source/publisher: SLORC/SPDC publications
Format/size: pdf
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: Military Rule, 1962-2011 (Burmese)
Language: Burmese
Source/publisher: Wikipedia (Burmese)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 19 December 2013

Individual Documents

Title: Civil-Military Relations in Ne Win’s Burma, 1962-1988
Date of publication: March 2007
Description/subject: Summary of the author's university disseration... "This dissertation aims to describe the transformation of civil-military relations from 1962 to 1988 in Burma, focusing on Gen. Ne Win’s leadership and the bureaucratic development of the military (tatmadaw). The author argues that wide-ranging distribution of state posts to the relatively small-sized officer corps is the most important factor for the military regime durability in Burma..."
Author/creator: Yoshihiro Nakanishi
Language: English
Source/publisher: Kyoto University via SOASBulletin of Burma Research Vol. 5
Format/size: pdf (87K)
Date of entry/update: 01 October 2010

Title: The Disorder in Order: the Army-State in Burma since 1962
Date of publication: 2002
Description/subject: Book Announcement, Table of Contents and ordering information. "The Disorder in Order examines Burma’s history of “regime entropy” following the March 1962 coup d’etat that ended the country’s brief experiment with parliamentary government. Implementing socialist economic policies in central Burma and a hard line against ethnic minority and communist insurgents in the Border Areas, Ne Win’s Army-State presided over the country’s fall from prosperity to Least Developed Nation status by 1987. The following year, a new martial law regime, the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC), brutally suppressed a nationwide movement for democracy that drew on the country’s colonial-era traditions of revolutionary nationalism. Although SLORC promoted an open economy, including foreign private investment, the second Army-State operates on the same assumptions as its predecessor: that government is synonymous with pacification, unquestioned central control and cultural homogenization. The author argues that while the post-1988 junta, renamed the State Peace and Development Council in 1997, claims a unique mission in defending national unity and social order, its policies generate political disunity and socio-economic disorder. Tragically, genuine order, the key to Burma’s development, remains out of reach as the 21st century dawns..." Bangkok: White Lotus, 2002). 403 pp. US$25.00.
Author/creator: Donald M. Seekins
Language: English
Source/publisher: White Lotus
Format/size: html (10K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: The Extraordinary Session of the BSPP Congress, 23-25 July 1988
Date of publication: 25 July 1988
Description/subject: July 23: The Extraordinary Session of the BSPP Congress opened at 8:30 am at the Saya San Hall, presided over by Yebaw Aung Tha Ban. 1062 of the 1089 delegates were present, or 97.52%. It heard five addresses: one by Chairman U Ne Win (full text); one by General Secretary U Aye Ko on the convening of the Congress [excerpts]; one on by U Aye Ko changes in State economic policies (excerpts]; one by Joint General Secretary U Sein Lwin on investing the Central Committee with the right to amend the guiding philosophy, "the System of Correlation of Man and His Environment"; and one by U Htwe Han on investing the Central Committee with the right to amend the Party Constitution.
Author/creator: Hugh MacDougall (compiler of BPS)
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Working People's Daily (via Burma Press Summary)
Format/size: html (66K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: The System of Correlation of Man and his Environment
Date of publication: 17 January 1963
Description/subject: The Philosophy of the Burma Socialist Programme Party. Contents: I The Three Worlds; II Man and His Society; III The Laws of Process of the History of Society: - The System of Correlation of the Material and the Spiritual Life of the Human Society; IV The Determining Role of the Working People: - Man and His Material Environment; - Man and Socialist Planning; - The Leading Role of Socialists; V Our Attitude to Our Own Ideology.
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Burma Socialist Programme Party
Format/size: html (126K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: The Constitution of the Burma Socialist Programme Party
Date of publication: 04 July 1962
Description/subject: FOR THE TRANSITIONAL PERIOD OF ITS CONSTRUCTION... ADOPTED BY THE REVOLUTIONARY COUNCIL... CONTENTS: Origin and Purpose. CHAPTER 1: Party Organisation. CHAPTER II: Admission into and Membership of the Party. CHAPTER III: Code of Discipline for Party Members. CHAPTER IV: Rights. CHAPTER V: Resolves and Duties of the Party and Individual Members. CHAPTER VI: Amendment of the Constitution and Rule-making. APPENDIX A.-- Organisational Structure of the transitional Cadre Party. APPENDIX B. -- Roughcast of Future National Party. THE BURMA SOCIALIST PROGRAMME PARTY - Origin and Purpose: 1. "The Revolutionary Council of the Union of Burma, having rescued the Union, not a moment too soon, from utter disintegration, now strives to reconstruct the social and economic life of all citizens by the Burmese Way to Socialism...."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Revolutionary Council
Format/size: html (76K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: The Burmese Way to Socialism
Date of publication: 28 April 1962
Description/subject: TOP SECRET. THE BURMESE WAY TO SOCIALISM. REVOLUTIONARY COUNCIL. TOP SECRET. To be treated as Top Secret until officially announced. TOWARDS SOCIALISM IN OUR OWN BURMESE WAY. (Translated from the Burmese). Our Belief...
Language: English
Source/publisher: Revolutionary Council
Format/size: html (29K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Description/subject: 5 accounts..."U Thant died of cancer in hospital in New York on November 25,1974. His body lay in state at the United Nations in Manhattan on Nov.27 and 28..It was then taken to a funeral home until the next day when it was taken to the airport for the long flight home to Rangoon in Burma. His wife remained behind at their home in New York. His daughter and son-in-law accompanied the coffin. While he was alive, the military government in Burma headed by General Ne Win had refused to validate U Thant's Burmese passport; his daughter and son-in-law now travelled to Burma on Certificates of Identity, not Burmese passports. They arrived in Rangoon on December 1,1974. There was no official reception by the military government of Burma or General Ne Win..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Anonymous
Format/size: pdf (122K)
Date of entry/update: 16 March 2015