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Combatting food insecurity in Burma

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: Action Contre la Faim - Birmanie
Language: Francais
Source/publisher: Action Contre la Faim
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 11 August 2009


Title: Agriculture, Livelihoods & Food Security
Description/subject: "Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life”. The broad aim of the Thematic Group on Food Security and Agriculture in Myanmar (TGFSA) will be to intensify efforts towards achieving MDG 1 and the World Summit Goal of halving the number of hungry people by 2015. The aim of the Delta Livelihoods Working Group is to create a forum for discussion on livelihoods issues and facilitate the formulation of complementary Cyclone Nargis Recovery Programmes in order to support and ensure livelihoods of people in the Delta are restored and improved."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Myanmar Information Management Unit (MIMU)
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 07 October 2010


Individual Documents

Title: Improving the Food Security, Nutritional Status and Livelihoods of Vulnerable Populations in Myanmar -- Protracted Relief and Recovery Operations -Myanmar 200032
Date of publication: 14 October 2009
Description/subject: Executive Summary: "Myanmar has a population of 52 million divided among 135 ethnic groups; it is a food-surplus country with significant agricultural potential. But unfavourable economic policies, extreme weather, protection issues, poor social cohesion and marginalized population groups adversely affect livelihood opportunities, resulting in inadequate access to food. A recent nationwide household survey revealed that a third of the population live below the poverty line. National prevalence of underweight and stunting among children under 5 is 32 percent. The proposed operation provides food assistance for the most vulnerable and food-insecure populations. It is based on assessments, results monitoring, a WFP mid-term review of protracted relief and recovery operation 100663 and a formulation mission. This operation is designed to respond to shocks and enhance vulnerable households' resilience and coping capacity through food assistance. The objectives are to: > respond to the immediate food needs of people affected by shocks (Strategic Objective 1); > support and re-establish the livelihoods of the most vulnerable and food-insecure populations affected by shocks (Strategic Objective 3); > increase levels of education and maintain and/or improve the nutrition status of targeted women, girls and boys (Strategic Objective 4); and > increase food purchases from small farmers and improve their marketing opportunities while building government and partner capacity to address food insecurity (Strategic Objective 5). The operation is also in line with Millennium Development Goals 1, 2, 3, 4 and 6. WFP will implement activities directly or through its cooperating partners. It will continue its partnerships with United Nations agencies and non-governmental organizations to complement food assistance and maximize the benefit of its activities. Strategies adapted to different contexts will support the hand-over of WFP assistance. As food security improves in operational areas, WFP will scale its assistance down. Increasing national capacity remains a challenge for the sustainability of the hand-over of WFP-supported activities..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: World Food Programme, Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (278K)
Date of entry/update: 10 October 2010


Title: Improved Food and Livelihood Security for Displaced Ethnic Minority Villages in Former Poppy growing Areas of Wa Region, Shan State, Burma/Myanmar
Date of publication: 2007
Description/subject: "Welthungerhilfe is implementing two Food Security Projects (FSP) in former poppy growing areas in Wein Kao District, Wa Special Region 2 in north-east Myanmar. The objective is to develop alternative livelihoods of the formerly poppy-growing population. This is to be achieved by establishing and strengthening village committees, by intensifying plant and animal production, by increasing technical capacities of the beneficiaries and by improving basic social services. The projects are implemented in neighbouring townships. Together 3000 households are targeted. Budget amounts to. 2,4 Mio EUR for both projects. Welthungerhilfe is implementing both projects itself. Food aid programs are supplementing project activities..."
Author/creator: Monika Ellinger
Language: English
Source/publisher: Welt Hunger Hilfe
Format/size: pdf (451K)
Date of entry/update: 10 August 2009


Title: Promoting household food and nutrition security in Myanmar
Date of publication: 2001
Description/subject: "Myanmar has a policy of promoting food and nutrition security and, at the national level, food production is more than that required to meet the country’s needs. Nevertheless, food and nutrition surveillance has revealed that malnutrition still exists in the country, despite economic growth and national food self-sufficiency. The National Plan of Action for Food and Nutrition, formulated in 1994 and adopted in 1995, accorded priority to household food and nutrition security. Accordingly, in 1996, in partnership with the World Health Organization (WHO), the National Nutrition Centre embarked on a study of household food and nutrition security in Myanmar. A preliminary situation analysis revealed that transitional changes in the economic, demographic and social sectors have driven dramatic changes in people’s lifestyles, behaviour and practices and that these changes affect food and nutrition security. The present paper explores household and intrahousehold determinants of nutrition problems in Myanmar.".....Results Preliminary descriptive analysis demonstrated more acute malnutrition in the urban area than in the rural area for both the pre- and post-harvest periods. Furthermore, nutritional problems were more acute in both the urban and rural areas during the preharvest period than during the post-harvest period. Urban children consumed fewer calories than rural children during both the pre- and post-harvest times, while children in both rural and urban areas consumed fewer calories during the preharvest period than during the postharvest period, although all the differences were not statistically significant......Keywords: care of the vulnerable, food security, malnutrition, Myanmar, National Plan of Action for Food and Nutrition.
Author/creator: Aye Thwin MPH (NUTRITION), DFs&N, MB, BS
Language: English
Source/publisher: Asia Pacific J Clin Nutr (2001) 10(Suppl.): S34–S39
Format/size: pdf (231`K)
Date of entry/update: 25 October 2009