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Home > Main Library > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Landmines > Anti-Personnel Landmines - Specialist organisations and commentary

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Anti-Personnel Landmines - Specialist organisations and commentary

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: "Landmine Monitor" Home Page
Description/subject: "In June 1998, the International Campaign to Ban Landmines established "Landmine Monitor," a unique and unprecedented civil society based reporting network to systematically monitor and document nations' compliance with the 1997 Mine Ban Treaty and the humanitarian response to the global landmine crisis. Landmine Monitor complements the existing state-based reporting (external link) and compliance mechanisms established by the Mine Ban Treaty..." Landmine Monitor Core Group: Human Rights Watch · Handicap International (Belgium) Kenya Coalition Against Landmines · Mines Action Canada Norwegian People's Aid
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Campaign to Ban Landmines
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Geneva Call - Burma-Myanmar page
Description/subject: Geneva Call has been engaging NSAs in Burma/Myanmar in an AP mine ban since 2006. Dialogue with the political and military leaders of the NSAs is complemented by activities aimed at encouraging and supporting civil society organizations to undertake mine action activities, supporting efforts to create a change in the Myanmar government’s AP mine policy, and supporting the monitoring of the AP mine ban commitments made by NSAs. To date 6 NSAs have signed the Deed of Commitment banning AP mines:
Language: English
Source/publisher: Geneva Call
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 11 February 2010


Title: Geneva Call - Engaging Non-State Actors
Description/subject: "Geneva Call is an international humanitarian organization dedicated to engaging armed non-State actors (NSAs) to respect and to adhere to humanitarian norms, starting with the ban on anti-personnel (AP) mines. Geneva Call is committed to the universal application of the principles of international humanitarian law and conducts its activities based on the principles of neutrality, impartiality and independence. Geneva Call provides an innovative mechanism for NSAs, who do not participate in drafting treaties and thus may not feel bound by their obligations to express adherence to the norms embodied in the 1997 anti-personnel mine ban treaty (MBT) through their signature to the "Deed of Commitment for Adherence to a Total Ban on Anti-Personnel Mines and for Cooperation in Mine Action" [PDF File]. The Government of the Republic and Canton of Geneva serves as the guardian of these Deeds. Under the Deed of Commitment, signatory groups commit themselves: • To a total prohibition on the use, production, acquisition, transfer and stockpiling of AP mines and other victim-activated explosive devices, under any circumstances. • To undertake, to cooperate in, or to facilitate, programs to destroy stockpiles, clear mines, provide assistance to victims and promote awareness. • To allow and to cooperate in the monitoring and verification of their commitments by Geneva Call. • To issue the necessary orders to commanders and to the rank and file for the implementation and enforcement of their commitments. • To treat their commitment as one step or part of a broader commitment in principle to the ideal of humanitarian norms. Thirty-five armed groups in Burma, Burundi, India, Iran, Iraq, the Philippines, Somalia, Sudan, Turkey and Western Sahara have agreed to ban AP mines through this mechanism. The ultimate indicator of progress however, is not the number of Deeds signed but an effective ban and the practice of humanitarian mine action. Geneva Call is pledged to promote the implementation of humanitarian mine action programmes in mine-affected areas under NSA control, to assist signatory groups to fulfil their obligations under the Deed of Commitment and to monitor compliance."...See also the Resources section.
Language: Arabic, English, Espanol (Spanish) Francais (French),
Source/publisher: Geneva Call
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 27 November 2008


Title: Halt Mine Use in Myanmar/Burma (Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: International Campaign to Ban Landmines
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 09 December 2013


Title: HALT MINE USE IN MYANMAR/BURMA (English)
Description/subject: This is the site of Halt Mine Use in Burma, a country focused campaign of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) which was launced in 2004. The ICBL is a global network in over 90 countries that works for a world free of antipersonnel landmines, where landmine survivors can lead fulfilling lives. The Campaign was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of its efforts to bring about the 1997 Mine Ban Treaty. Since then, we have been advocating for the words of the treaty to become a reality, demonstrating on a daily basis that civil society has the power to change the world. As of 1 January 2011, 156 countries, 80% of the world’s governments, have ratified or acceded to the Mine Ban Treaty. Myanmar/Burma is not one of them. In 2011 it was the only country in the world whose armed forces regularly use the anti-personnel landmine.....Myanmar/Burma is now one of the outstanding challenge states to the global landmine ban. Its formal military forces, the Tatmadaw, have been confirmed to use landmines every year since the Mine Ban Treaty was opened for signature. Myanmar’s Defense Products Industries (known by the acronym KaPaSa) produce anti-personnel landmines. It produces both high explosive, lethal mines and plastic mines which cannot be detected by metal detectors. More than a dozen internal armed opposition groups use antipersonnel mines within the country..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Campaign to Ban Landmines
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 09 December 2013


Title: International Campaign to Ban Landmines
Description/subject: "The ICBL calls for: An international ban on the use, production, stockpiling, and sale, transfer, or export of antipersonnel landmines The signing, ratification, implementation, and monitoring of the mine ban treaty Increased resources for humanitarian demining and mine awareness programs Increased resources for landmine victim rehabilitation and assistance."
Language: English | Deutsch | Español | Français | Italiano | Portugês
Alternate URLs: http://www.icbl.org/index.php
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Nonviolence International SE Asia Home Page
Language: English
Source/publisher: Nonviolence International
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Individual Documents

Title: Border Prosthetics - Helping amputees with specially made prosthetics on the Myanmar-Thailand border (video)
Date of publication: 24 June 2014
Description/subject: "Decades of ethnic conflict have left south eastern Myanmar one of the most landmine-ridden regions in the world. Few landmine victims get the treatment they need inside the country, formerly known as Burma, and so spend days travelling to neighbouring Thailand for medical support. The Mae Tao Clinic provides healthcare to more than 150,000 displaced people every year, from vaccinations, to eye surgery and emergency operations on gunshot wounds. In the clinic’s prosthetics department, where many of the staff are themselves former landmine victims, more than 250 prosthetic limbs are fitted each year. Nidhi Dutt travels to the border town of Mae Sot to meet the people making tailored prosthetics from the simplest of tools for whoever needs them, no matter which side of Myanmar’s civil conflict they are on..."
Author/creator: Nidhi Dutt
Language: English
Source/publisher: Al Jazeera (The Cure)
Format/size: Adobe Flash (11 minutes, 19 seconds)
Date of entry/update: 28 June 2014


Title: Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor Country Profile for Myanmar/Burma (updated 2 September 2013)
Date of publication: 02 September 2013
Description/subject: Updated Content: Cluster Munition Ban Policy
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 17 December 2012


Title: Cautious hope for Burma’s ‘second-class citizens’
Date of publication: 12 December 2011
Description/subject: "No one knows how many people have been affected by landmines in Burma, the only state to consistently lay mines since 1997. Some who step on mines die immediately, but most will survive to live with severely disabling injuries. For the latter there is little in the way of immediate or long-term medical assistance available from the country’s impoverished medical system. Hope is on the horizon, however. On Friday last week the UN announced the accession of Burma to the Convention on the Rights of Disabled People (CRPD). This rights-based document could bring about a significant improvement in the quality of life for landmine victims and other people living with disabilities in the country. For that improvement to happen in the lifetime of current survivors, the convention needs to be implemented, meaning Burma must focus on generating necessary services in the areas where survivors live – given that landmines are mostly laid in the country’s remote border regions whose development has never taken place, this will be no easy feat..."
Author/creator: YESHUA MOSER PUANGSUWAN
Language: English
Source/publisher: Democratic Voice of Burma (DVB)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 July 2012


Title: Myanmar takes major step in addressing the needs of Landmine Victims
Date of publication: 12 December 2011
Description/subject: "Myanmar Accedes to the international Convention on the Rights of Disabled People (CRPD)...The ICBL had previously been informed by Foreign Ministry officials that the legal review of this convention had been completed, but that the Convention would have to forwarded to the new Parliament for debate and approval. On 9 December, the United Nations received the accession from Myanmar, which will go into effect 6 January 2012. Myanmar’s adherence to the CRPD will be significant for increasing assistance to the countries landmine, and other, disabled..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 July 2012


Title: The Geneva Call Progress Report 2000-2007
Date of publication: November 2007
Description/subject: Abstract: Since the launch of Geneva Call in 2000, significant progress has been made. 34 NSAs from Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, India, Iraq, the Philippines, Somalia, Sudan, Turkey and Western Sahara have signed the “Deed of Commitment”, an innovative mechanism that enables NSAs, which by definition cannot accede to the 1997 Ottawa Convention, to subscribe to its norms. Signatory groups have, by and large, complied with their obligations, refraining from using anti-personnel mines and cooperating in mine action with specialized organizations. In addition, nine other NSAs have pledged to prohibit or limit the use of anti-personnel mines, either unilaterally or through a ceasefire agreement with the government. In some countries, the signing of the “Deed of Commitment” by NSAs facilitated the launch of much-needed humanitarian mine action programs in areas under their control, as well as the accession by their respective States to the Ottawa Convention. Of course, many challenges remain, notably the continued use of anti-personnel mines by non-signatory groups, the lack of technical and financial resources to support implementation of the “Deed of Commitment” and insufficient cooperation from some concerned States. Yet, this report illustrates how NSA engagement can be effective in securing their compliance with international humanitarian norms.
Language: English,
Source/publisher: Geneva Call
Format/size: pdf (1.62MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.isn.ethz.ch/isn/Digital-Library/Publications/Detail/?ots591=0c54e3b3-1e9c-be1e-2c24-a6a8...
Date of entry/update: 28 July 2010