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Multilateral Relations

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: ESCAP, Bangkok
Description/subject: Another big site without an overall search engine
Language: English
Date of entry/update: 19 October 2010


Title: IMF Myanmar Page
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Inter-Parliamentary Union
Description/subject: Very useful site. IPU resolutions on Burma/Myanmar and lists of detained MPs-elect plus links to all parliamentary websites and more. For the IPU Council resolutions on Burma and lists of detained MPs-elect by year, search for Myanmar AND 157th for the first session online, Myanmar AND 166th for the April 2000 session and so on. Then click on the results you want.
Language: English
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: International Labour Organisation
Language: English
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: UN human rights documents on Burma (Myanmar), by year (from 1991)
Description/subject: Resolutions of the General Assembly and Commission on Human Rights; reports by the Secretary-General and the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar; written statements by NGOs; reports with references to Myanmar by the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, Special Rapporteur on toxic wastes, Special Rapporteur on Torture, Report of the High Commissioner on human rights and mass exoduses, Report of the Secretary-General on the rights of persons belonging to national or ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities, Report of the Secretary-General on the national practices related to the right to a fair trial.
Language: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
Source/publisher: Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: UN New York
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: UNDP
Language: English
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: UNICEF Country Statistics
Language: English
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: United Nations main page
Language: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
Source/publisher: United Nations
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 19 October 2010


Individual Documents

Title: Interview zur Lage in Burma: Der Unmut der Bevölkerung ist enorm
Date of publication: 09 May 2008
Description/subject: Naturkatastrophe in Burma – Erst blieb die Warnung durch die Burmesische Regierung vor dem Zyklon „Nargis“ aus, dem bis zu 100.000 Menschen zum Opfer fielen. Und jetzt muss die Welt tatenlos zusehen, darf nicht ausreichend mit Versorgungsgütern helfen. Zur Lage in Burma befragte ich für Readers Edition Ulrike Bey von der Burma Initiative; Internationale Organisationen; Opposition; Stimmung in der Bevölkerung; Bürgerkrieg; Aufstände 2007; interview with Ulrike Bey on the situation in Burma; opposition; mood of the society; civil war; uprisings 2007
Author/creator: Felix Kubach
Language: German, Deutsch
Source/publisher: Readers Editioin, Asienhaus
Format/size: Html (44kb)
Date of entry/update: 15 May 2008


Title: Wer lässt wen im Stich?
Date of publication: 30 January 2008
Description/subject: Die jüngsten Demonstrationen in Burma sind eine erneute Bewährungsprobe für demokratische Werte in einer Welt, die zumindest in politischer Hinsicht größtenteils demokratisch ist. Ebenso wie der Kampf der Werte auf den blutigen Straßen in Teilen Burmas sichtbar war, beschloss die benachbarte "größte Demokratie der Welt", die gleichzeitig ein strategischer Partner des Landes ist, eben jene Werte, die es tendenziell vertritt, aufs Spiel zu setzen. Der Rest der Welt – insbesondere die USA und Europa – tat kaum mehr als diplomatische Statements abzugeben und Indien und China zu drängen, entschieden vorzugehen. Indisch-burmesische Beziehungen, Burma-US Amerikanische Beziehungen, Burma-EU Beziehungen, Sanktionen; Indian-burmese, US-Burmese, EU-Burmese relations; sanctions;
Author/creator: Sachin Joshi
Language: German, Deutsch
Source/publisher: Südasien
Format/size: Html (41k)
Date of entry/update: 03 February 2008


Title: Problemstaat Myanmar: Zum schwierigen Umgang mit dem Militärregime
Date of publication: November 2007
Description/subject: Eine Analyse über den Charakter und die Geschichte des Militärregimes, die Rolle der intnernationalen Gemeinschaft, der EU, USA und China und die Wirkung von Sanktionen, insbesondere nach den Aufständen 2007. Möglichkeiten und Grenzen eines UN-Engagements; character and history of the military regime, international community, USA, EU, China; impact of sanctions, uprisings 2007, UN-Engagement
Author/creator: Marco Buente
Language: German, Deutsch
Source/publisher: German Institute of Global and Area Studies
Format/size: PDF
Date of entry/update: 19 October 2010


Title: Myanmars Waffenstillstände und die Rolle der internationalen Gemeinschaft
Date of publication: August 2007
Description/subject: Ein interessanter Artikel zu dem Zusammenhang von Waffenstillständen, der Nationalversammlung und der Roadmap to Democracy. Weiterhin werde die Interesssen der einzelnen Parteien (ethnsiche Minderheiten, Regierung, internationale Gemeinschaft) dargelegt und Handlungsempfehlungen für die internationale Gemeinschaft abgeleitet; ceasefires, national convention and roadmap to democracy; interests of ethnic minorities, government and international community; recommendations for the international community
Author/creator: Jasmin Lorch; Dr. Paul Pasch
Language: German, Deutsch
Source/publisher: FES
Format/size: PDF
Date of entry/update: 06 May 2008


Title: TOTAL unethisch
Date of publication: 15 March 2006
Description/subject: Ein weltweiter Aktionstag gegen den französischen Ölkonzern TOTAL am 3. Februar 2006 wirft wieder einmal Licht auf die Frage nach der unternehmerischen Verantwortung bei Geschäften mit dem diktatorischen Regime. TOTAL wird vorgeworfen, mitverantwortlich für schwere Menschenrechtsverletzungen im Zusammenhang mit dem Bau einer Pipeline zwischen 1995 und 1998 zu sein. Außerdem mache sich der Konzern heute zum Komplizen für die Machenschaften des für seine Verbrechen gegen die Zivilbevölkerung bekannten Regimes ganz einfach durch Bereitstellung finanzieller Ressourcen aus den enormen Erlösen des Erdgasverkaufs. Dafür soll sich der Konzern in Frankreich und in Belgien vor Gericht verantworten. Burmas Öl- und Gaspolitik; Rolle der EU und Asiens;
Author/creator: Ulrike Bey
Language: German, Deutsch
Source/publisher: Asienhaus
Format/size: PDF
Date of entry/update: 22 January 2008


Title: Challenges to democratization in Burma: Perspectives on multilateral and bilateral responses. Chapter 6 - International Policies towards Burma: Western governments, NGOs and multilateral institutions
Date of publication: 14 December 2001
Description/subject: I Introduction; II The European Union, Japan and the United States; III Multilateral organizations; IV Western NGOs, foundations, IDOs and exiled groups; V Conclusions; VI Recommendations. "...That human rights reform and political change in Burma are urgently needed is strikingly evident. It is also evident that each of the three protagonists in Burma’s drama over the past 10 years – the Tatmadaw, the political opposition represented by the NLD and the ethnic minorities– has publicly expressed their desire for such changes. What this report has shown is that thus far, the efforts of the international community have failed to assist in a transition from military rule, and may even have prolonged military rule by giving the government a much-needed external enemy on which all its failings can be blamed. Western policies, encouraged by NGOs and the external and internal opposition, have had a short-term aim of getting rid of the military government as fast as possible. While this is a laudable aim, and perhaps realistic in the late 1980s and early 1990s, with the military still in power and with no signs of changes, there has to be a rethink of this position. Neither sticks, nor carrots, will be able to move them. Sanctions against the Tatmadaw are important and necessary, but they must be well defined, both in kind and in intention. They should signal that the behaviour of the Tatmadaw in perpetrating human rights abuses, the failure to allow democratic processes and refusal to comply with UN resolutions, is totally unacceptable, and that such behaviour will have negative consequences. Once sanctions are imposed, this should not be the end of the policy. Rather, governments must take active measures to make the sanctions effective, at the same time avoiding ossification of positions..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: International IDEA
Format/size: pdf (484K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.idea.int/asia_pacific/burma/upload/challenges_to_democratization_in_burma.pdf
Date of entry/update: 27 September 2010


Title: Turning Passion into Policy
Date of publication: September 2000
Description/subject: As Burma's ruling junta steps up its repression, the international community's support for the democratic opposition should move beyond the plane of rhetoric.
Author/creator: Min Zin
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy", Vol. 8. No. 9
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.irrawaddymedia.com/print_article.php?art_id=2022
Date of entry/update: 27 September 2010


Title: Can the UN Save Burma?
Date of publication: February 2000
Description/subject: Aung Thu Nyein examines the role of the UN in Burma
Author/creator: Aung Thu Nyein
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy", Vol. 8. No. 2
Format/size: htm;
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003