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Home > Main Library > History > Historically Important Figures (profiles, speeches and other documents) > U Razak

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U Razak

Individual Documents

Title: "A Leader of Men"
Date of publication: September 2007
Description/subject: The Muslim schoolteacher who joined Burma's martyrs... "Being a Muslim in a country where 87 percent of the population is Buddhist, and where the military government regularly practices ultra-nationalism and uses religion as a political tool, means joining the underprivileged at the bottom of the pile. The fight for liberty is the fight for peace. And like peace, liberty is indivisible —U Razak, June 1947 Muslims in Burma regularly suffer social and religious discrimination. Burmese Buddhists commonly call them, Kala, a derogatory term for South Asians and also used insultingly to describe westerners. While some consider the term abusive and degrading, there's general acceptance that it takes on a sense of honor, respect and lovingkindness when it's used in the form Kalagyi (Big Kala), to describe independence hero Abdul Razak. U Razak rose from the position of headmaster of Mandalay Central National High School to become minister of education and national planning in Burma's pre-independence government. His career was brought to a brutal end at the age of 49, when he was gunned down by assassins on July 19, 1947, together with independence leader Gen Aung San and seven other cabinet members and colleagues. The nine murdered leaders are commemorated annually on the country's Martyr's Day. Mandalay, where U Razak taught, is a center of Burmese Buddhist faith and culture. Yet U Razak, of ethnic Indian-Burmese origin, was fully accepted by the community..."
Author/creator: Yeni
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol 15, No. 9
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.irrawaddy.org/print_article.php?art_id=8463
Date of entry/update: 02 May 2008


Title: U Razak of Burma: A Teacher, a Leader, a Martyr
Date of publication: July 2007
Description/subject: "As a primary school student, I read about Sayagyi (a great teacher or a principal) U Razak and fellow martyrs in school textbooks and in remembrance booklets of Martyrs' Day, (19th July, 1947), the day he was assassinated along with U Aung San and seven other cabinet members and colleagues. Later in my twenties and thirties, I read the few available writings by U Razak, and articles written about him by his former students, and talked with people who knew him well. From this exposure, I learned about U Razak's deep love for Burma, his courage to fight for our country's independence, his respect for diversity, his desire for unity and his far-sighted wisdom. As a leader, his vision carried beyond our country and highlighted the principles of humanity, integrity, knowledge, courage, freedom and peace. The points U Razak, as Burma's Minister for Education and National Planning, emphasized in his 1947 speech at the First South East Asian Regional Conference of International Student Service in Madras, India, are still valid if not more pronounced in 2007. In times of intolerance and divisiveness, such as today, his vision and gentle yet persistent approach sought to unite diverse groups through education for the common goal of freedom and development should be referenced and explored further as we seek practical actions for long-lasting peace, security and prosperity..." CONTENTS: I. Preface; II. A Tribute to Sayagyi U Razak By Dr. Nyi Nyi; III. Freedom Movements As Peace Movements By Honorable U Razak; IV. The Burman Muslim Organization By A. Razak, B.A.; V. Translator's Note... 1. Sayagyi U Razak And Mandalay University By M.A. Ma Ohn; 2. Our Selfless Sayagyi By Colonel Khin Nyo; 3. Sayagyi Didn't Care For High Offices By U Saw Hla; 4. Our Sayagyi U Razak; By Thakin Chan Tun; 5. Affection Just As One Has For One's Mother By Pinnie; 6. A Partial Profile Of Sayagyi U Razak By Aung Kyi; 7. Just Like A Father By Thuriya Than Maung; 8. Our Marvellous Sayagyi By Maung Maung Mya; 9. In Fond Memory Of Sayagyi U Razak By Colonel Wai Lin; 10. Sayagyi U Razak And I By Theikpan Hmu Tin.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Private publisher
Format/size: pdf (895K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.scribd.com/doc/19167977/Dr-Nyi-Nyi-U-Razak-of-Burma
Date of entry/update: 18 July 2007


Title: Burma’s National Hero and Martyr U Razak/ "မန္တလေးတွင်ထွန်းတောက်သော အစ္စလမ် ကြယ်ပွင့် များ"
Date of publication: 1999
Language: Burmese/ မြန်မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: မန္တလေးမြို့လုံးဆိုင်ရာ မဟာတမန်တော်နေ့ စိန်ရတုမဂ္ဂဇင်း
Format/size: jpeg
Alternate URLs: http://sanooaung.files.wordpress.com/2010/02/scan0001.jpg
http://sanooaung.files.wordpress.com/2010/02/scan0002.jpg
http://sanooaung.files.wordpress.com/2010/02/scan0003.jpg
Date of entry/update: 16 November 2010