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Human Rights Council
Replacing the Commission on Human Rights

  • Universal Periodic Review

    • General information, overviews, guidelines and toolkits for the Universal Periodic Review

      Websites/Multiple Documents

      Title: Universal Periodic Review (UPR) - Powerpoint Presentation
      Date of publication: 01 December 2009
      Description/subject: Presentation to the ND-Burma 16th MB Meeting...Overview of the process with a focus on the forthcoming UPR session on Burma (February 2011) and what Burma groups can do
      Author/creator: Cheery Zahau
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Human Rights Education Institute of Burma (HREIB)
      Format/size: ppt
      Date of entry/update: 25 January 2010


      Title: (Asian) Regional Universal Periodic Review Briefing
      Description/subject: N.B. IF THIS LINK IS DOWN TRY LATER... Documents for the Second Regional Universal Periodic Review Briefing (16-17 November 2009, Bangkok) Resolutions and Decisions: * GA 60/251 * HRC 5/1 (extracts) * HRC Dec. 6/102 * PRST/8/1 * PRST/9/2... OHCHR Briefing and Information Material: * UPR Calendar 1st cycle (Global) * UPR Calendar 1st cycle (South-East Asia) * UPR fact sheet * Technical guidelines for stakeholders * Deadlines for the submission of stakeholders’ information * Terms of Reference – Voluntary Trust Fund for the Participation in the UPR... UPR Documentation: * Indonesia: National report, Compilation of UN information, Summary of stakeholders’ submissions, Advance questions, Working group report, outcome decision, Plenary document. * Malaysia: National report, Compilation of UN information, Summary of stakeholders’ submissions, Advance questions, Working group report, outcome decision, Plenary document. * Republic of Korea:Addendum
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: html
      Alternate URLs: http://bangkok.ohchr.org/news/events/upr-briefing-2009/
      http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/UPR/Pages/UPRMain.aspx
      Date of entry/update: 05 January 2011


      Title: Universal Periodic Review (UPR) - OHCHR web-page
      Description/subject: Main OHCHR page on the UPR..."The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a unique process which involves a review of the human rights records of all 192 UN Member States once every four years. The UPR is a State-driven process, under the auspices of the Human Rights Council, which provides the opportunity for each State to declare what actions they have taken to improve the human rights situations in their countries and to fulfil their human rights obligations. As one of the main features of the Council, the UPR is designed to ensure equal treatment for every country when their human rights situations are assessed. The UPR was created through the UN General Assembly on 15 March 2006 by resolution 60/251, which established the Human Rights Council itself. It is a cooperative process which, by 2011, will have reviewed the human rights records of every country. Currently, no other universal mechanism of this kind exists. The UPR is one of the key elements of the new Council which reminds States of their responsibility to fully respect and implement all human rights and fundamental freedoms. The ultimate aim of this new mechanism is to improve the human rights situation in all countries and address human rights violations wherever they occur..."
      Language: English (also available in Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish)
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 13 December 2009


      Title: Universal Periodic Review (UPR) Reports
      Description/subject: Various documents on the UPR
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: International Service for Human Rights
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 23 January 2010


      Title: UPR - Deadlines for submission of information
      Language: English (also available in Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish)
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 22 January 2010


      Title: UPR-info.org
      Description/subject: Very useful site - "The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a new and unique mechanism of the United Nations which started in April 2008 and consisting of the review of the human rights practices of all States in the world, once every four years. You will find on this website all the documents available on the UPR, including: States and NGOs reports; OHCHR summaries and compilations; summaries of each review; reports of the Working Group; final outcomes with recommendations; webcasts of the UPR sessions; press statements by NGOs and analyses by UPR Info and other NGOs as well as detailed explanations on how to engage in the process:..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: UPR-info.org
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 23 January 2010


      Title: Website of the Bangkok Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
      Description/subject: Many useful documents on the UPR. N.B. IF THIS SITE IS DOWN, TRY LATER
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 22 January 2010


      Individual Documents

      Title: Civil Society Participation in the Universal Periodic Review
      Date of publication: 2012
      Description/subject: Powerpoint presentation...undated
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Amnesty International
      Format/size: ppt
      Date of entry/update: 23 January 2010


      Title: The Universal Periodic Review (UPR): The State and Civil Society Processes
      Date of publication: 01 December 2009
      Description/subject: What is the UPR?...What is the HRC?...The UPR Process...Troika...What does the Troika do?...State under Review...Outcome Document...State Obligations...SPDC......Civil Society: Submit Report...Lobby Strategy...
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Human Rights Education Institute of Burma (HREIB)
      Format/size: pdf (62K)
      Date of entry/update: 25 January 2010


      Title: The Universal Periodic Review Handbook
      Date of publication: 08 June 2009
      Description/subject: This handbook has been updated to reflect new developments and practices during the last sessions of the UPR. It identifies and explains key stages of the process and provides guidelines and recommendations to prepare submissions and advocacy activities within all the UPR process.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Fédération Internationale des Droits de l'Homme (FIDH)
      Format/size: pdf (109K)
      Date of entry/update: 26 January 2010


      Title: INFORMATION AND GUIDELINES FOR RELEVANT STAKEHOLDERS ON THE UNIVERSAL PERIODIC REVIEW MECHANISM
      Date of publication: July 2008
      Description/subject: A detailed set of guidelines on how to prepare submissions for the UPR
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: pdf (231K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 January 2010


      Title: Fact Sheet: Human Rights Council – Universal Periodic Review
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: pdf (252K)
      Date of entry/update: 22 January 2010


      Title: Universal Periodic Review Toolkit
      Description/subject: Emphasis on how the UPR can contribute to children's rights
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Child Rights Information Network
      Format/size: pdf (586K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 January 2010


      Title: UPR Calendar 2008-2011 ASEAN & other Asia-Pacific Countries
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: pdf (5.82 K)
      Date of entry/update: 22 January 2010


    • Procedures of the Universal Periodic Review

      Individual Documents

      Title: Human Rights Council:: Follow-up to President's statement 8/1
      Date of publication: 24 September 2008
      Description/subject: Guidelines on documentation: "To ensure the smooth adoption of future reports relating to the universal periodic review, and in the light of the consultations held with all concerned parties, the following arrangements shall be followed:..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (HRC 8/PRST/2)
      Format/size: pdf (121K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 January 2010


      Title: Modalities and practices for the universal periodic review process
      Date of publication: 09 April 2008
      Description/subject: I. Modalities of work for troika members before the session of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review...II. Modalities for the review in the Working Group...III. Report of the Working Group...IV. Modalities at the plenary session...V. General modalities
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (HRC 8/PRST/1)
      Format/size: pdf (34K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 January 2010


      Title: GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR THE PREPARATION OF INFORMATION UNDER THE UNIVERSAL PERIODIC REVIEW
      Date of publication: 27 September 2007
      Description/subject: HRC Decision 6/102. Follow-up to Human Rights Council resolution 5/1
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: pdf (42K)
      Date of entry/update: 23 January 2010


    • Sample State, UN and stakeholder UPR documents

      Individual Documents

      Title: UPR - Republic of Korea
      Date of publication: 25 August 2008
      Description/subject: Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review Republic of Korea... Addendum: Response of the Republic of Korea on the Universal Periodic Review recommendations
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: pdf (61K)
      Date of entry/update: 22 January 2010


      Title: Universal Periodic Review (UPR) -- Indonesia
      Description/subject: National report... Compilation of UN information... Summary of stakeholders' information... Questions submitted in advance... Outcome of the review... Report of the Working group... Decision on the outcome... Draft Report of the eight session of the Human Rights Council... Related webcast archives
      Language: English (also available in Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish)
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 22 January 2010


      Title: UPR - Malaysia
      Description/subject: National report... Compilation of UN information... Summary of stakeholders' information... Questions submitted in advance... Outcome of the review... Report of the Working group... Addendum Decision on the outcome... Draft Report of the eleventh session of the Human Rights Council... Related webcast archives
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 22 January 2010


    • Burma/Myanmar and the Universal Periodic Review

      • Burma/Myanmar and the Universal Periodic Review: Report of the Working Group

        Individual Documents

        Title: Universal Periodic Review: Myanmar's addendum to the Report of the Working Group
        Date of publication: 27 May 2011
        Description/subject: 1. "As a United Nations Member State, Myanmar seriously prepared its National Report to UPR and took an active part in the 10th session of the Human Rights Council Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review. Myanmar also gave extremely serious consideration to the recommendations made by many countries at the Working Group...2. The Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar has examined the recommendations under paragraph 106 of the Report of the Working Group on the UPR and hereby provides to the 17th session of the Human Rights Council further information on them as follows:..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Union of Myanmar via United Nations
        Format/size: pdf (34K)
        Alternate URLs: http://lib.ohchr.org/HRBodies/UPR/Documents/Session10/MM/A_HRC_17_9_Add.1_Myanmar_E.pdf
        Date of entry/update: 15 June 2011


        Title: Universal Periodic Review - Myanmar: Report of the Working Group
        Date of publication: 24 March 2011
        Description/subject: It is significant that "The [13 pages of] recommendations formulated during the interactive dialogue listed below have been examined by Myanmar and enjoy the support of Myanmar:..." These include reference to "2,200 political prisoners" whose existence, on other occasions, the Government has denied.
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/HRC/17/9)
        Format/size: pdf (147K)
        Date of entry/update: 05 June 2011


      • Universal Periodic Review of Myanmar - Session 09:00-12:00, 27 January 2011, Geneva
        This is not yet a complete list of documents -- notably, the 2 replies by Myannmar are not yet available in written form, though they are on the webcast, and the Report by the Working Group is only available in an unedited form.

        Websites/Multiple Documents

        Title: UPR - Myanmar page
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Description/subject: The page contains written versions of the statements by states - accessible also as videos (see Webcast entry). It also contains the Report of the Working Group.....The link may take you to the Human Rights Council Extranet, which requires login and password. For login, use hrc extranet as login and 1session as password.
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council extranet
        Format/size: html
        Date of entry/update: 31 January 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar: Webcast of the session 9.00-12-00, 27 January 2011 (video)
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Description/subject: 09:00 - 12:00 - Opening of the session - 8th Plenary Meeting -- 3 hours 3 minutes. This link is to the video record of the complete session.... Subsequent links (following the links to the written documents) are to the individual statements by governments beginning with Myanmar.....The discussion includes many references to the 7 November elections.
        Language: English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, Spanish
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: Adobe Flash (3 hours, 3 minutes)
        Date of entry/update: 31 January 2011


        Individual Documents

        Title: UPR of Myanmar: draft report (Advanced-Unedited) of the Working Group
        Date of publication: 02 February 2011
        Description/subject: Background and summary of the Session of 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council (A/HRC/WG.6/10/L.7)
        Format/size: pdf (153K)
        Alternate URLs: http://lib.ohchr.org/HRBodies/UPR/Documents/Session10/MM/Myanmar-A_HRC_WG.6_10_L.7-eng.pdf
        Date of entry/update: 07 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- 1st Opening Statement by Myanmar (text and video)
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Description/subject: Delivered by Dr. Tun Shin, Deputy Attorney-General of Myanmar. The video version (see alternate URL) has the 1st and 2nd opening statements
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (128K)
        Alternate URLs: rtsp://webcast.un.org/ondemand/conferences/unhrc/upr/10th/hrc110127am1-eng.rm?start=00:01:38&end=00:11:43
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- 1st response by Myanmar (video)
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Description/subject: Text not yet available
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: Adobe Flash (11 minutes)
        Date of entry/update: 05 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- 2nd Opening Statement by Myanmar (text and video)
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Description/subject: Delivered by Myanmar's Permanent Representative in Geneva, HE U Wunna Maung Lwin...The video version (see alternate URL)has both the 1st and 2nd opening statements)
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (110K)
        Alternate URLs: rtsp://webcast.un.org/ondemand/conferences/unhrc/upr/10th/hrc110127am1-eng.rm?start=00:01:38&end=00:11:43
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- 2nd response by Myanmar (video)
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Description/subject: Text not yet available
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: Adobe Flash (36 minutes)
        Date of entry/update: 05 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Algeria
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Text: Francais, French (oral version in French and English on the webcast)
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (71K)
        Alternate URLs: rtsp://webcast.un.org/ondemand/conferences/unhrc/upr/10th/hrc110127am1-eng.rm?start=00:18:02&end=00:19:40 (English)
        rtsp://webcast.un.org/ondemand/conferences/unhrc/upr/10th/hrc110127am1-orig.rm?start=00:17:59&end=00:19:39 (French)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Argentina (text and video)
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Español, Spanish (oral version in Spanish and English on the webcast)
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (56K)
        Alternate URLs: rtsp://webcast.un.org/ondemand/conferences/unhrc/upr/10th/hrc110127am1-eng.rm?start=02:19:05&end=02:21:05 (English)
        rtsp://webcast.un.org/ondemand/conferences/unhrc/upr/10th/hrc110127am1-orig.rm?start=02:19:04&end=02:21:03 (Spanish)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Australia
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (53K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Austria
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (49K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Azerbaijan
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (52K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Bahrain
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Arabic (oral version in English on the webcast)
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (41K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Bangladesh
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (73K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Belarus
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (104K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Belgium
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Francais, French (oral version in English on the webcast)
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (47K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Bhutan
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (45K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Brazil
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (73K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Brunei Darussalam
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (33K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Cambodia
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (71K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Canada
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (36K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by China (text and video)
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Description/subject: rtsp://webcast.un.org/ondemand/conferences/unhrc/upr/10th/hrc110127am1-eng.rm?start=00:19:48&end=00:22:11 (English) rtsp://webcast.un.org/ondemand/conferences/unhrc/upr/10th/hrc110127am1-orig.rm?start=00:19:46&end=00:22:05 (Chinese)
        Language: Chinese (oral version in English on the webcast)
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (60K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Cuba
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Español, Spanish (oral version in English on the webcast)
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (53K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Czech Republic
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (55K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Denmark
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (67K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by DPRK
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (40K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by France
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Francais, French (oral version in English on the webcast)
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (133K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by France
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Francais, French (oral version in English on the webcast)
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (64K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Germany
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (67K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Greece
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (43K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Hungary
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (68K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by India
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (74K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Indonesia
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (51K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Iran
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (69K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Iraq
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Arabic
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (55K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Ireland
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (90K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Italy
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (51K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Japan
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (75K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Jordan
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (59K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Lao PDR
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (83K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Malaysia
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (69K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Maldives
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (51K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Nepal
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (48K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by New Zealand
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (62K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Nicaragua
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Español, Spanish (oral version in English on the webcast)
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (47K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Nigeria
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (40K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Norway
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (63K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Pakistan
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (60K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Philippines
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (62K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Poland
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (34K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Portugal
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (53K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Republic of Korea
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (59K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Russian Federation
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Russian (oral version in English on the webcast)
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (44K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Singapore (text and video)
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (63K)
        Alternate URLs: rtsp://webcast.un.org/ondemand/conferences/unhrc/upr/10th/hrc110127am1-eng.rm?start=00:13:56&end=00:15:49
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Slovakia
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (61K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Slovenia (text and video)
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (39K), Adobe Flash (3 minutes)
        Alternate URLs: rtsp://webcast.un.org/ondemand/conferences/unhrc/upr/10th/hrc110127pm1-eng.rm?start=01:16:20&end=01:19:59
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Spain
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Español, Spanish
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (62K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Sri Lanka (text and video)
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (51K)
        Alternate URLs: rtsp://webcast.un.org/ondemand/conferences/unhrc/upr/10th/hrc110127am1-eng.rm?start=00:15:55&end=00:17:53
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Sudan
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Arabic (oral version in English on the webcast)
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (38K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Sweden
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (70K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Syrian Arab Republic
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Arabic (oral version in English on the webcast)
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (29K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Thailand
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (66K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Arabic
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (49K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Timor-Leste
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (55K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Turkey
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (36K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by UK
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (72K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Ukraine
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (67K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by United States of America
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (72K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Uruguay
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Español, Spanish (oral version in English on the webcast)
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (76K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Venezuela
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: Español, Spanish (oral version in English on the webcast)
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (98K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Vietnam
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (67K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


        Title: UPR of Myanmar -- Intervention by Zimbabwe
        Date of publication: 27 January 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
        Format/size: pdf (44K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 February 2011


      • Burma/Myanmar and the UPR: background documents

        Websites/Multiple Documents

        Title: UNIVERSAL PERIODIC REVIEW -- Basis of the Review of Myanmar
        Date of publication: 27 March 2010
        Description/subject: Links to relevant texts... The basis of the review is: (a) The Charter of the United Nations; (b) The Universal Declaration of Human Rights; (c) Human rights instruments to which a State is party; (d) Voluntary pledges and commitments made by States, including those undertaken when presenting their candidatures for election to the Human Rights Council (hereinafter"the Council". 2.In addition to the above and given the complementary and mutually interrelated nature of international human rights law and international humanitarian law, the review shall take into account applicable international humanitarian law..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Online Burma/Myanmar Library
        Format/size: pdf (129K)
        Date of entry/update: 27 March 2010


        Title: Universal Periodic Review (UPR) - Powerpoint Presentation
        Date of publication: 01 December 2009
        Description/subject: Presentation to the ND-Burma 16th MB Meeting...Overview of the process with a focus on the forthcoming UPR session on Burma (February 2011) and what Burma groups can do
        Author/creator: Cheery Zahau
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Education Institute of Burma (HREIB)
        Format/size: ppt
        Date of entry/update: 25 January 2010


        Individual Documents

        Title: The Universal Periodic Review (UPR): The State and Civil Society Processes
        Date of publication: 01 December 2009
        Description/subject: What is the UPR?...What is the HRC?...The UPR Process...Troika...What does the Troika do?...State under Review...Outcome Document...State Obligations...SPDC......Civil Society: Submit Report...Lobby Strategy...
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Education Institute of Burma (HREIB)
        Format/size: pdf (62K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 January 2010


      • Burma/Myanmar and the UPR: OHCHR Myanmar page

        Websites/Multiple Documents

        Title: Universal Periodic Review - Myanmar: OHCHR page of documents
        Date of publication: 20 December 2010
        Description/subject: Date of consideration: Thursday, 27 January 2011, 9:00 am - 12:00 am..... DOCUMENTS CURRENTLY ON THE PAGE: * Myanmar National report to the UPR..... * Compilation of UN information... * UN Country Team's submission to the UPR [Background documents to this report: (1) Excerpts of Treaty Body Concluding Observations and Special Procedure Reports submitted by the United Nations Country Team Myanmar for the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights' Compilation Report Universal Periodic Review Myanmar 10th Session January 24 January - 4 February 2011... (2) Draft National Plan of Action for the Advancement of Women 2011‐2015 - Myanmar]..... * Submission of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict (OSRSG) [listed, but not yet online]. Background documents to this submission: (1) Conclusions on children and armed conflict in Myanmar by the Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict, 25 July 2008...(2) Conclusions on children and armed conflict in Myanmar by the Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict, 28 October 2009..... Summary of stakeholders' information (25 submissions)
        Language: English (some documents also in Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish)
        Source/publisher: United Nations (OHCHR)
        Format/size: html
        Date of entry/update: 20 December 2010


      • Burma/Myanmar and the UPR: submissions to the UPR - Myanmar's National Report

        Individual Documents

        Title: Myanmar-UPR: National Report
        Date of publication: 10 November 2010
        Description/subject: Human Rights Council Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review Tenth session Geneva, 24 January – 4 February 2011.....No Russian version at present
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/HRC/WG.6/10/MMR/1)
        Format/size: pdf (130K - English; 147K - French; 224K - Spanish; 225K - Arabic; 727K - Chinese)
        Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs09/UPR2011-Myanmar_National_report(sp).pdf
        http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs09/UPR2011-Myanmar_National_report(cn).pdf
        http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs09/UPR2011-Myanmar_National_report(fr).pdf
        http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs09/UPR2011-Myanmar_National_report(ar).pdf
        Date of entry/update: 18 December 2010


      • Burma/Myanmar and the UPR: submissions to the UPR - Stakeholders' submissions

        Individual Documents

        Title: Summary of Stakeholders' reports to the UPR - Myanmar
        Date of publication: 18 October 2010
        Description/subject: Human Rights Council Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review Tenth session Geneva, 24 January – 4 February 2011.....Summary prepared by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in accordance with paragraph 15 (c) of the annex to Human Rights Council resolution 5/1.....The present report is a summary of 24 stakeholders’ submissions1 to the universal periodic review. It follows the structure of the general guidelines adopted by the Human Rights Council. It does not contain any opinions, views or suggestions on the part of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), nor any judgement or determination in relation to specific claims. The information included herein has been systematically referenced in endnotes and, to the extent possible, the original texts have not been altered. Lack of information or focus on specific issues may be due to the absence of submissions by stakeholders regarding these particular issues. The full texts of all submissions received are available on the OHCHR website. The report has been prepared taking into consideration the four-year periodicity of the first cycle of the review.
        Language: English (Also available in Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish)
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/HRC/WG.6/10/MMR/3)
        Format/size: pdf (181K - English; 191K - Arabic; 121K - French; 633K - Chinese; 241K - Russian; 184K - Spanish)
        Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs09/UPR2011-Myanmar_Stakeholders_summary(ar).pdf
        http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs09/UPR2011-Myanmar_Stakeholders_summary(fr).pdf
        http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs09/UPR2011-Myanmar_Stakeholders_summary(ch).pdf
        http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs09/UPR2011-Myanmar_Stakeholders_summary(ru).pdf
        http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs09/UPR2011-Myanmar_Stakeholders_summary(sp).pdf
        Date of entry/update: 16 December 2010


        Title: ARTICLE 19: Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review (Union of Myanmar)
        Date of publication: 13 August 2010
        Description/subject: Executive summary: "ARTICLE 19 is aware of the magnitude of human rights violations in Myanmar. Given our expertise and scope of activities, this submission focuses on Myanmar’s compliance with its international human rights obligations in protecting the right to freedom of expression and right to freedom of information. In particular the major issues of concern are: • Failure of the legal framework to guarantee the right to freedom of expression and the right to freedom of information • Absence of freedom of expression in electoral processes; • Censorship of the media and detention, arbitrary arrests and harassment of journalists and media workers; • Prosecution and imprisonment of Aung San Suu Kyi and others exercising the right to freedom of expression; • Complete control and censorship of the internet. These concerns are outlined in a greater detail below..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Article 19 - Global Campaign for Free Expression
        Format/size: pdf (129K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 September 2010


        Title: FIDH/ALTSEAN-Burma: Universal Periodic Review: Joint submission on Myanmar
        Date of publication: 09 July 2010
        Description/subject: "The Alternative Asean Network on Burma (ALTSEAN-Burma) and the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) submission focuses on the Myanmar military regime’s use of forced labor, the forced recruitment of child soldiers, the forced displacement of civilian populations, and rape and sexual violence committed by members of the Tatmadaw (Armed Forces). These widespread and systematic abuses amounting to crimes against humanity and war crimes, as defined by Article 7 and 8 of the Rome Statute, have been documented by numerous UN mechanisms and Rapporteurs. 2. In May 2008, Myanmar' s ruling junta, the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) adopted the country’s new Constitution. The drafting and approval of this document was the culmination of a highly controlled and undemocratic process that stretched over 15 years. The Constitution will come into force when the newly elected members of Parliament will convene following the planned 2010 general elections, the first in 20 years. 3. With the current Constitution, the SPDC ensured its own protection for prior crimes. The Article 445 of the Constitution provides that no legal action can be taken against SPDC members who officially carried out their duties “according to their responsibilities.” The Charter effectively provides the SPDC with blanket immunity for the gross violations of human rights, including crimes against humanity and war crimes that it has committed over the past decades. 4. In March 2009, the UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar Professor Tomás Ojea Quintana stated that the ongoing human rights abuses in the country were “the result of a state policy.” Due to the junta’s lack of accountability for those abuses, the Special Rapporteur made the unprecedented recommendation that the UN consider establishing a Commission of Inquiry into war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by the SPDC, a requests that ALTSEAN-Burma and FIDH fully support..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: ALTSEAN-Burma, FIDH
        Format/size: pdf (155K)
        Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs09/ALTSEAN-UPR_Submission_on_Burma.pdf
        Date of entry/update: 02 September 2010


        Title: Karen Human Rights Group: Submission for the UN Universal Periodic Review (Burma): Human rights concerns in KHRG research areas
        Date of publication: 06 July 2010
        Description/subject: Executive summary" "In this submission, the Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG) provides information under sections A, C and D as stipulated in the General Guidelines for the Preparation of Information under the Universal Periodic Review: A. Methodology. This section details the methodology used by KHRG to gather information for this submission. C. Promotion and protection of human rights. This section details KHRG concerns related to practices by the Government of Myanmar (GOM) in areas researched by KHRG: Forced labour; Taxation, capricious demands and looting; Targeting of civilians in conflict; Forced relocation and land confiscation; movement and trade restrictions; Arbitrary arrest, detention, torture, summary execution and unexplained violence; Landmines, remnants of war and forced demining; Forced recruitment of adults and children into the armed forces; Denial of access to humanitarian services; and Cumulative impacts on livelihoods and displacement. D. Constraints, best practices and recommendations. This section details constraints faced by human rights monitors and defenders. It also details best practices for improving human rights as developed by local communities, and provides recommendations for actions by the government to address areas of concern highlighted in Section C."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG #2010-03)
        Format/size: pdf (257K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 September 2010


        Title: Amnesty International: Myanmar: Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review Tenth session of the UPR Working Group of the Human Rights Council January 2011
        Date of publication: 05 July 2010
        Description/subject: Executive summary: "In this submission, Amnesty International provides information under sections B, C and D as stipulated in the General Guidelines for the Preparation of Information under the Universal Periodic Review:1 · Under section B, Amnesty International raises concerns about the 2008 Constitution, the 2010 Electoral Laws and the criminalisation of peaceful dissent by security laws. · Section C highlights Amnesty International’s concerns about human rights violations in the context of: political imprisonment, conditions in detention, the anti-government protests of August and September 2007, the May 2008 constitutional referendum, the mass sentencing of peaceful political activists in late 2008, the repression of ethnic minority political activists, the 2010 elections, Cyclone Nargis, crimes against humanity, armed conflict and displacement. · In section D, Amnesty International makes a number of recommendations for action by the government to address the areas of concern."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Amnesty International (ASA 16/008/2010)
        Format/size: pdf (145K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 September 2010


        Title: Assistance Association for Political Prisoners (Burma): AAPPB Submission to the United Nations Universal Periodic Review of Burma
        Date of publication: 05 July 2010
        Description/subject: Executive Summary: "The Assistance Association for Political Prisoners (AAPP) provides information for sections B, C and D of the summary of stakeholders’ information. Drawing on recent AAPP research and interviews with former political prisoners, this submission highlights concerns regarding Burma’s compliance with its international human rights obligations in relation to political prisoners and conditions of incarceration. There are 42 prisons in Burma and 109 labour camps. The deplorable conditions in these places are well-documented: incommunicado detention, torture, poor diet, substandard hygiene levels and denial of adequate medical care."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Assistance Association for Political Prisoners (Burma) (AAPP)
        Format/size: pdf (244K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 September 2010


        Title: Burma Forum on Universal Periodic Review (BF-UPR): Joint Submission
        Date of publication: 05 July 2010
        Description/subject: Executive Summary: "Burma’s human rights record is characterized by a pervasive culture of impunity, enabling the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) to violate a host of civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights. After nearly 50 years of successive military rule, there is a lack of adherence to human rights principles and a lack of rule of law and judicial independence, which has led to the creation of policies and measures by State authorities that are at complete odds with international human rights standards. There are no statutory or constitutional bodies to promote and protect human rights. Formal and informal human rights education is strictly repressed. Independent civil society organizations (CSOs) who promote human rights and document rights abuses inside the country are harassed by the State, and individuals subject to arrest. As a result, hundreds of CSOs are operating in exile, implementing training programs, publishing reports, and lobbying the international community and media, while working alongside those who are inside Burma..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Burma Forum on Universal Periodic Review (BF-UPR)
        Format/size: pdf (117K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 September 2010


        Title: International PEN/Index on Censorship: Joint Submission to the Universal Periodic Review Mechanism on the Union of Myanmar
        Date of publication: 05 July 2010
        Description/subject: "International PEN and Index on Censorship welcome the opportunity provided by the Office of the High Commissioner on Human Rights to comment on the human rights situation in the Union of Myanmar, about which it has had serious concerns for a number of years. This document provides an overview of the current situation of writers and journalists, and focuses on long term imprisonment and legislation used to suppress freedom of expression and other basic rights..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: International PEN, Index,on Censorship
        Format/size: pdf (105K)
        Date of entry/update: 08 September 2010


        Title: Jubilee Campaign: Universal Periodic Review Burma
        Date of publication: 05 July 2010
        Description/subject: "...despite provisions of the Constitution indicating otherwise, in reality, there is no guarantee of religious freedom for minority religions in Burma, other than Theravada Buddhism, the majority religion... As the 2010 parliamentary election ... in Burma approaches, it is reported that the junta’s attacks and restrictions will be intensified and strengthened, especially in the Karen state and Chin state, where the majority of citizens are Christians. Many Karen and Chin Christians belong to the Karen National Union and the Chin National Front, armed resistance groups that demand freedom and autonomy for their states. Because these Christian minority groups raise their voices for freedom and demand a fair and free election, the junta sees them as a threat to the existence of its regime and consequently is using more excessive force to suppress them... The United States Commission on International Religious Freedom notes that the regime “has one of the world’s worst human rights records.”Burmese government authorities destroy Christian churches and attack pastors and church-members without legitimate reasons. For example, in January 2009, churches in the Rangoon area were ordered to stop holding services and pastors were forced to sign documents promising to cease worship services. Furthermore, the regime restricts proselytizing, evangelizing, and importing or printing religious literature including the Bible and the Qur’an. Many religious materials are under censorship. The government also requires Christians and Muslims to request permission for and report religious gatherings or worship services two to three months in advance so they can be monitored by the government... Rohingya Muslims in Rakhine State are not eligible for government-issued National Registration Cards (NRCs), which denies them access to education in state-run schools. As an effort to promote freedom through citizenship, UNHCR is working with the local authorities on the issuance of Temporary Registration Cards (TRCs) to Muslim residents of Rakhine State..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Submission of Jubilee Campaign USA, Inc.
        Format/size: pdf (205K)
        Date of entry/update: 12 September 2010


        Title: The Arakan Project: Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review [Myanmar]
        Date of publication: 05 July 2010
        Description/subject: " The Arakan Project raises concern over Myanmar’s non-compliance with its international human rights obligations with regard to the Rohingya population in North Rakhine State and, in particular, the 1982 Citizenship Law which deprives the Rohingya of their rights to citizenship, legitimising discrimination and arbitrary treatment against them such as restriction on movement, on marriage and pregnancy, arbitrary detention, forced labour, and denial of socio-economic rights..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: The Arakan Project
        Format/size: pdf (127K)
        Date of entry/update: 29 September 2010


        Title: The Becket Fund for Religious Liberty : Submission on Burma/Myanmar: to the Universal Periodic Review
        Date of publication: 05 July 2010
        Description/subject: "...The population of Myanmar is overwhelmingly Buddhist (89%); the remainder of the society is roughly 4% Christian, 4% Muslim, and 1% Animist. Because the SPDC perceives religious minorities as threats to its power, it restricts their freedom of expression and association, among other abuses. The SPDC controls all media, including religious publications and sermons..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Becket Fund for Religious Liberty
        Format/size: pdf (201K)
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ): MYANMAR Submission to the Universal Periodic Review of the UN Human Rights Council
        Date of publication: 02 July 2010
        Description/subject: "...Serious human rights violations have occurred throughout Myanmar during the current regime’s rule, but are most severe in rural ethnic areas. They are directly related to the military’s attacks on the people it sees as supporting armed opposition. Because Burmese authorities handle cases of sexual violence—including rape—in an ad hoc way, official numbers are unavailable. Burmese women’s organizations have documented 875 cases of rape from 1988 to 2006; they believe this is a mere fraction of the total number because of the difficulty in accessing communities under SPDC control and the fear and stigma that keeps women and girls from reporting rape. The scale of reported violations and the associated tolerance and impunity for them indicates the SPDC’s acceptance of sexual violence as a legitimate part of the strategy to intimidate people in areas of armed conflict or potential resistance and to punish communities for appearing to support the government’s opposition. These policies directly breach articles 2 and 5 of CEDAW. 6. Forced labor and child soldiering are also associated with areas of continuing armed conflict. The military has grown from 180,000 soldiers in 1988 to an estimated 300,000 in 2007. This expansion has forced commanders to rely on local communities to supply labor for building infrastructure and for portering. The pressure to fill recruitment quotas has led to a situation in which the Myanmar regime’s armed forces constitute the only army in Asia to continue recruiting child soldiers, numbering in the thousands, if not tens of thousands. The number of cases of forced labor is likely to be at least that high. These practices are in contravention of Myanmar’s obligations under the Forced Labor Convention and under Article 38 of CRC. In addition, customary international law has criminalized the recruitment and use of child soldiers at least since 1996.
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ)
        Format/size: pdf (62K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 September 2010


        Title: Human Rights Watch: Universal Periodic Review Submission: Myanmar (Burma)
        Date of publication: 01 July 2010
        Description/subject: Summary: "For more than two decades, Burma's military government, the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC), has demonstrated scant respect for the fundamental human rights of the Burmese people. Widespread and systematic violations of international human rights and humanitarian law continue throughout the country, especially in ethnic minority areas along Burma's borders. The 2008 Constitution and an election scheduled for this year will likely do little to alter the military's continued political dominance, albeit in ostensibly civilian guise, and a repressive state apparatus that will not change significantly. The culture of impunity in Burma for government officials and military personnel for serious abuses is supported by a judicial system that is neither impartial nor independent. There has been little if any accountability for serious crimes committed by government security forces, including routine use of forced labor, sexual violence against women and girls, recruitment and use of child soldiers, extrajudicial killings of civilians in conflict areas and other violations of international humanitarian law. Some non-state armed groups have also been implicated in serious abuses, including forced labor and the use of child soldiers. There are systematic restrictions on basic freedoms in Burma, including on the rights to freedom of expression, peaceful assembly, and association. For example, despite Burma having ratified International Labor Organization (ILO) Convention No. 87 on freedom of association, the SPDC continues to refuse to register independent trade unions in the country. The government of Burma currently incarcerates more than 2,100 political prisoners including political activists, journalists, trade unionists and labor rights advocates, artists and vocal opponents of the SPDC. Many of these prisoners have received harsh sentences - including up to 65 years in prison - on trumped up criminal charges that seek to curtail peaceful political dissent and free expression. Conditions in Burmese prisons do not meet international standards: prisoners are not given adequate health care, face routine ill-treatment and at times torture, and may be transferred to remote facilities in the hinterlands that make visits by family members and UN officials difficult. The government has not granted the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) access to Burmese prisons in accordance with the ICRC's standard procedures since 2006."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Human Rights Watch
        Format/size: html
        Date of entry/update: 02 September 2010


        Title: Australian Council for International Development: Submission to the Universal Periodic Review of Myanmar — July 2010
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: MYANMAR’S LEGAL AND INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK IN THE PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS...IMPLEMENTATION AND EFFICIENCY OF LEGAL AND INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK...COOPERATION WITH HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISMS AND STAKEHOLDERS...IDENTIFICATION OF ACHIEVEMENTS, BEST PRACTICES, CHALLENGES AND CONSTRAINTS...KEY NATIONAL PRIORITY, INITIATIVES AND COMMITMENT TO OVERCOME THE CHALLENGE...EXPECTATION IN TERMS OF CAPACITY BUILDING AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Australian Council for International Development (ACFID)
        Format/size: pdf (154K)
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: Burma Campaign Australia: Joint Submission to the Universal Periodic Review on Burma (Myanmar):
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: 1. This paper was drafted in consultation with and is jointly submitted by Burma Campaign Australia (a national network comprising of Democracy for Burma Action Group, Australia Burma Network, Canberra Network for Democracy in Burma, Burma Solidarity Group and Burma Campaign Sydney), Union Aid Abroad APHEDA, Burma Economic Watch (Macquarie University), Australian Karen Organisation, Burmese Rohingya Community in Australia, the Burma Office (Australia) and the Australian Council of Trade Unions....."...The Burmese military junta, the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC), continues to systematically violate human rights in Burma and using Burma’s national laws in this process. Abuses have been extensively documented by a succession of the UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Burma/Myanmar1, including the current Rapporteur Tomas Ojea Quintana. Many domestic laws are used by the SPDC to suppress the population, whilst others deny citizens of Burma their basic human rights. 3. Suppressive domestic laws that violate human rights in Burma include:...".....Undated. July 2010 used as default date.
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Burma Campaign Australia
        Format/size: pdf (86K)
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: Chin Human Rights Organization: Burma/Myanmar Individual Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review, July 2010 Tenth Session of the UPR Working Group of the Human Rights Council, January 2011
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: Under Section B, CHRO highlights Burma/Myanmar’s obligations under international law and human rights instruments, and articles of the 2008 Constitution that contradict those obligations. • Section C focuses on the widespread and systematic nature of human rights violations perpetrated by the Burma/Myanmar army in Chin State documented by CHRO. CHRO is particularly concerned about forced labour, land confiscation, the lack of access to humanitarian services and the denial of religious freedom for the Chin people. The Chin are facing forced assimilation and denial of their collective rights as indigenous peoples, and are fleeing their traditional homeland in large numbers. • In Section D, CHRO makes a number of recommendations for action by the SPDC to improve the human rights situation in Burma/Myanmar, with a particular focus on Chin State.
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Chin Human Rights Organization
        Format/size: pdf (94K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 September 2010


        Title: EarthRights International: Universal Periodic Review – Myanmar (Burma) Submission to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights – July 2010
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: "This submission focuses on the human rights abuses that have occurred over the past four years in relation to oil and natural gas development projects in Myanmar, which is under the rule of a military regime known as the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC). Since the early 1990s, the areas around such development projects have been heavily militarized in order to protect the projects and the interests of the companies who finance them. As MAF soldiers flood the area, the local villagers are subjected to severe human rights abuses, including incidences of extrajudicial killings, forced labor, violations of freedom of movement, and land confiscations. As ERI and others have documented, this pattern of abuse has continued over the last four years. Although not the primary focus of this submission, similar abuses have occurred in relation to other development projects in Myanmar as well, such as mines and dams."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: EarthRights International
        Format/size: pdf (51K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 September 2010


        Title: EarthRights International: Universal Periodic Review – Myanmar (Burma) Submission to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights – July 2010 - Annex 1
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: Reports by EarthRights International regarding oil and gas projects in Myanmar [these reports included as Annexes 2, 3 and 4]
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: EarthRights International
        Format/size: pdf (19K)
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: EarthRights International: Universal Periodic Review – Myanmar (Burma) Submission to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights – July 2010 - Annex 2
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: ENERGY INSECURITY: How Total, Chevron, and PTTEP Contribute to Human Rights Violations, Financial Secrecy, and Nuclear Proliferation in Burma (Myanmar)... A Report by EarthRights International, July 2010
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: EarthRights International
        Format/size: pdf (958K)
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: EarthRights International: Universal Periodic Review – Myanmar (Burma) Submission to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights – July 2010 - Annex 3
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: "The Human Cost of Energy: Chevron’s Continuing Role in Financing Oppression and Profiting From Human Rights Abuses in Military-Ruled Burma (Myanmar)".....TABLE OF CONTENTS: Introduction... Executive Summary and Recommendations;... 1. Stepping Into Unocal’s Shoes - Chevron’s partnership with a repressive regime in the Yadana Project... 2. Financing Oppression - The Yadana Project’s continuing contributions to the military regime... 3. With Eyes Wide Open - Chevron’s knowledge of the abuses on the Yadana Project... 4. The Persistence of Abuse - Continuation of forced labor and other abuses in recent years... 5. No Smiling Faces - Conditions of life in the region... 6. Sitting Idly By - Chevron’s silence during the 2007 demonstrations and crackdown... 7. No Safe Harbor - Chevron’s continuing legal liability after the Unocal settlement... Appendix A: Another Yadana: The Shwe Gas Project... Appendix B: China in Burma... Endnotes.....Original date of publication, 28 April 2008; Date of submission to UPR, July 2010
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: EarthRights International
        Format/size: pdf (2.2MB)
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: EarthRights International: Universal Periodic Review – Myanmar (Burma) Submission to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights – July 2010 - Annex 4
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: "TOTAL IMPACT: The Human Rights, Environmental, and Financial Impacts ofTotal and Chevron's Yadana Gas Project in Military-Ruled Burma (Myanmar)"...EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: "Two western oil companies are currently partnered with the Burmese military regime in a remote corner of southern Burma (Myanmar) on one of the world's most controversial development projects: The Yadana Gas Project by the France-based Total and the US-based Chevron. Yadana, which means "treasure" in Burmese, is a large-scale project that transports natural gas from the Andaman Sea across Burma's Tenasserim region to Thailand, where it generates electricity for the Bangkok metropolitan area. The gas is transported through an overland pipeline that passes through the dense jungle and rugged terrain of a secluded and environmentally sensitive ethnic area in southeast Burma. From the project's beginning, the Burma Army has been tasked with providing security for the companies and the pipeline and has committed widespread and systematic human rights abuses against local people. EarthRights International (ERI) has been documenting human rights abuses related to the Yadana Project since 1994, and new evidence collected through 2009 attests to the on-going violent abuses committed by the Burma Army providing security for the companies and the project. Abuses include extrajudicial killings, torture, and other forms of ill-treatment; widespread and systematic forced labor; and violations of the rights to freedom of movement and property. Based on new and original evidence, this report further documents the Burma Army's role in the construction phase of the Yadana Project as well as its continuing connection to the companies and the pipeline. Rather than acknowledge its inherent and close relationship with Burma's armed forces, Total has traditionally denied the connections between its company and the Burma Army in its project area, raising important ethical questions about the company's willingness to misrepresent its material risks to investors and shareholders. In addition to the localized human rights impacts in the pipeline region, the Yadana Project has been a significant factor in keeping the Burmese military regime financially solvent. This report documents for the first time the aggregate revenue generated by the Yadana Project for the ruling SPDC, from 2000 to 2008. Rather than contribute to Burma's economic development, the billion dollar revenues from the project have instead contributed to high-level corruption: the revenue is not accounted for in Burma's national budget and according to reliable sources it is stored in two offshore banks in Singapore. Moreover, there are apparent correlations between the SPDC's increasing financial wherewithal and its overall authoritarian behavior. While the severity and seriousness of the human rights and financial impacts of the Yadana Project are logical focal points of concern, the environmental impacts of the project cannot be discounted. This report presents information that details serious problems with Total's Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), a document which ERI obtained through US courts and which is now part of the public record; details of which are published here for the first time. Villagers in the pipeline corridor also report ongoing adverse impacts associated with an ill-conceived environmental protection group established and supported by Total in the pipeline corridor. Rather than acknowledge or attempt to mitigate these and other known impacts of the Yadana Project, Total CEO Christophe de Margerie has publicly told critics to "go to hell" and instead focused resources on public relations, including claims that the Yadana gas has made neighboring Bangkok a cleaner city. Total has also systematically whitewashed their complicity in abuses and authoritarianism in Burma in three key ways: first, and most directly, Total has commissioned a number of impact assessments by the US-based CDA Collaborative Learning Projects (CDA), which the corporations tout as evidence that the Yadana Project hurts no one and benefits many. These impact assessments and their fundamental flaws are the subject ofthe ERI report Getting it Wrong(2009). Second, the companies repeatedly misuse both these impact assessments and third-party reports and statements, asserting that others support their claims that there are no abuses in the pipeline area. Third, the companies promote their local "socio-economic" program and declare that it provides economic, educational, and health benefits to every person in the pipeline corridor. While many of the companies' socio-economic efforts might be desirable in theory, local villagers argue that these programs have not worked the way the companies claim they do, if at all. Moreover, ERI has found that the true effectiveness of these local projects have never been independently or fully examined and verified; and regardless of the effectiveness of these programs, they do not exonerate the companies from accountability for complicity in human rights violations and they do not erase the deeper national impacts connected to the revenue stream from the Yadana Project to the SPDC. Total and Chevron's impacts in Burma are profound. ERI makes several specific demands of the companies and calls on the corporate and investment community and policymakers to seriously consider the ethics of Total and Chevron's operations in Burma, and to heed the recommendations included at the end of this report." .....Original date of publication, September 2009. Date of submission to UPR, July 2010
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: EarthRights International
        Format/size: pdf (3MB)
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: European Centre for Law and Justice. Submission on Myanmar to the Universal Periodic Review
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: RELIGIOUS FREEDOM IN THE UNION OF MYANMAR (BURMA): "In a country with a population consisting of eighty-nine percent Buddhists and only eight percent Christians or Muslims,1 Myanmar continues to persecute religious and tribal minorities despite the United Nations’ Human Rights Council’s intervention. The military regime has reportedly scheduled an election in 2010 which will likely be a sham election since the candidate for the primary opposition party is not permitted to run and the military regime has set up front parties.2 Christians within the country have little hope that the persecution will cease. Christians are losing their lives, their homes, and their faith...".....Undated. July 2010 used as default date
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: European Centre for Law and Justice
        Format/size: pdf (41K)
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: European Centre for Law and Justice. Submission on Myanmar to the Universal Periodic Review - Annex
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: RELIGIOUS FREEDOM IN THE UNION OF MYANMAR - APPENDIX... SECTION 2: A. Persecution against Christians... [Section B does not exist]... C. Other Minority Religious Discrimination.....Undated. July 2010 used as default date
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: European Centre for Law and Justice
        Format/size: pdf (40K)
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: INDIG: Burma - Restoring Dignity Through Recognizing Basic Rights for All - Submission to the UPR
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: "The governments of Thailand and Indonesia selected two outstanding representatives of independent individuals. We encourage Myanmar to follow a similar pattern and to receive nominations from civil society for this important post in the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights...."Violence against women and rape as a weapon..."...."The role of transnational corporations in Myanmar has created many adverse conditions impacting indigenous communities...".....Undated. July 2010 used as default date.
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: INDIG
        Format/size: pdf (68K)
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: International Campaign to Ban Landmines: Myanmar - Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: Summary: "Landmine Monitor has documented credible reports of the Myanmar military forcing civilians to remove antipersonnel mines from the ground, without training or protective equipment, and forcing civilians to carry equipment for the military in areas where the danger of antipersonnel mines exists—on some occasions using civilians as human minesweepers. Such activities constitute a threat to the right to life, liberty and security of person as stipulated in Article 3 of the UDHR. The ICBL has consistently encouraged the authorities in Myanmar to end such practices, to halt the military’s extensive use of antipersonnel landmines, and to accede to the Mine Ban Treaty.".....SEE APPENDIX
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: International Campaign to Ban Landmines
        Format/size: pdf (33K - Text; 51K - Annex)
        Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs09/ICBL_InternationalCampaigntoBanLandmines_Annex1_eng.pdf
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: International Campaign to Ban Landmines: Myanmar - Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review - Annex
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: "This appendix demonstrates a pattern of abuse spanning more than a decade. It contains specific information on instances of forced labor mine clearance that have been documented in annual Landmine Monitor reports from 1999 to 2008..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL)
        Format/size: pdf (51K)
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: Joint Submission by ARC International, ILGA International and ILGA Europe in the UPR review of Myanmar
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: Recommendation: "We therefore recommend that the Human Rights Council, in its upcoming UPR review, urge Myanmar to bring its legislation into conformity with its commitment to equality and non‐discrimination, and its international human rights obligations, by repealing all provisions which may be applied to criminalise sexual activity between consenting adults of the same sex.".....Undated. July 2010 used as default date
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: ARC International, ILGA International, ILGA‐Europe
        Format/size: pdf (175K)
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: Unrepresented Nations and People's Organization (UNPO): Myanmar - Submission to the UPR
        Date of publication: July 2010
        Description/subject: Key words: 2008 Constitution, crimes against humanity, war crimes, collective punishment, enforced disappearances, Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), forced labour, child soldiers, disenfranchisement, freedom of expression, peaceful assembly and/ or association, religious freedom, cultural and linguistic rights, land seizure, environmental degradation......Undated. July 2010 used as default date
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Unrepresented Nations and People's Organization (UNPO)
        Format/size: pdf (55K)
        Date of entry/update: 21 December 2010


        Title: Freedom Now: Individual Submission to the Universal Periodic Review (Burma/Myanmar)
        Date of publication: 30 June 2010
        Description/subject: "...Complementing other submissions that examine the broader picture of Burma’s human rights abuses, this submission highlights the junta’s ongoing detention and inhumane treatment of the emblematic case of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, General Secretary of the National League for Democracy (NLD). The military junta has detained Ms. Suu Kyi under house arrest for some 15 of the past 21 years. In 2006, Freedom Now was retained to serve as international counsel to Ms. Suu Kyi by a member of her family..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Freedom Now
        Format/size: pdf (200K)
        Date of entry/update: 08 September 2010


        Title: Asian Legal Resource Centre: Submission by the Asian Legal Resource Centre to the Human Rights Council’s Universal Periodic Review concerning human rights and rule of law in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 20 June 2010
        Description/subject: SUMMARY: "This submission, pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 5/1, which provides for civil society to participate in the Universal Periodic Review process of United Nations Member States’ human rights obligations and commitments, concentrates on the features of legal, judicial and policing frameworks that enable the un-rule of law in Myanmar. The country lacks a normative framework to protect human rights under article 5 and articles 8 through 13 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It lacks an independent and impartial judiciary. Its police force is militarized. Gross human rights abuse is systemic. Avenues for redress as envisaged in international standards are absent. Two major obstacles to implementation of human rights are the State’s perception that the rule of law is a function of the executive and therefore that the role of the judiciary is to enforce policy rather than law; and, the accompanying systemic corruption in all parts of the State apparatus, especially in the judiciary and police. The Council should consider how it can work better within the United Nations system to apprise itself of the un-rule of law in Myanmar, and coordinate its activities with other parts of the system with a view towards substantive political change in the country, which must pre-empt any substantive change in the normative and institutional frameworks through which to implement human rights"..... Key Words: Rule of law, judiciary, police, arbitrary arrest, arbitrary detention, torture, deaths in custody, trial, redress, corruption
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Asian Legal Resource Centre (ALRC-UPR-10-001-2010)
        Format/size: pdf (77K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 September 2010


        Title: Submission by the Asian Legal Resource Centre to the Human Rights Council’s Universal Periodic Review concerning human rights and rule of law in Myanmar - Annexe
        Date of publication: 20 June 2010
        Description/subject: This document is an annexe to the submission of the Asian Legal Resource Centre pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 5/1, which provides for civil society to participate in the Universal Periodic Review process of United Nations Member States’ human rights obligations and commitments, on the human rights and rule of law situation in Myanmar. For convenience, it has been organized according to the same headings as the original document to which it is annexed.
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Asian Legal Resource Centre (ALRC-UPR-10-001-2010: Annexe)
        Format/size: pdf (226K)
        Date of entry/update: 11 November 2010


        Title: Reporters Without Borders: Contribution to the UPR on press freedom in Myanmar/Burma
        Date of publication: 14 June 2010
        Description/subject: Introduction: Overview of press freedom situation: "The army, which has been in power since 1962, uses repression and propaganda to gag the pro-democracy movement and civil society, of which journalists are often in the vanguard. A paradise for censors, Burma is one of the very few countries where all publications are subjected to prior censorship. After China, it is the Asia’s largest prison for journalists and bloggers. At least 12 journalists and two netizens are currently imprisoned in Burma, some of them serving jail terms of more than 20 years. The head of the military junta, General Than Shwe, is in charge of the special police force responsible for the repression. Its targets have included the owners of video cameras who were suspected of filming the crackdown on the protests by monks in 2007 and then sending their footage abroad. And those who shot video footage exposing governmental negligence after Cyclone Nargis in 2008. As shown in the documentary film Burma VJ, working as a clandestine reporter for Democratic Voice of Burma or other Burmese exile media continues to be very dangerous. The exile media play a vital role in informing the Burmese people because Burma’s two television and radio channels and the daily newspapers are under the military junta’s direct control. Mizzima and Irrawaddy, two of the most popular online exile media, were again the target of cyber-attacks in 2009. The privately-owned press is subject to military censorship. An average of one third of a privately-owned magazine’s content is removed by the censors. The military censorship bureau, called the Press Scrutiny Board, said in a 2008 message to Burmese media that the “the publication of any photo, sketch, painting, article, novel or poem without being sent [in advance to the censor] will be punished”. Failure to comply can lead to sanctions ranging from seizure of the publication to imprisonment for the editors..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Reporters Without Borders
        Format/size: pdf (26K)
        Date of entry/update: 02 September 2010


        Title: Christian Solidarity Worldwide – Stakeholder Submission MYANMAR (Universal Periodic Review, 10th Session)
        Date of publication: June 2010
        Description/subject: "...Severe restrictions on access to parts of the country, and severe restrictions on freedom of information, expression and association, make it very difficult to obtain accurate statistics and information. Nevertheless, first-hand testimonies obtained by CSW through interviews with refugees, internally displaced peoples, former political prisoners and Myanmar army defectors; conducted on the Thailand-Myanmar border, inside the conflict zones of eastern Myanmar, inside Kachin State in northern Myanmar close to the border with China, on the India-Myanmar border and the Bangladesh-Myanmar border; conducted inside Myanmar’s cities, particularly Yangon, and with Burmese and ethnic civil society groups inside the country and along its borders; and in consultation with many other international NGOs, have led CSW to the conclusion that these violations, which are widespread and systematic, amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity. ...In light of Myanmar’s obligations under international law to observe, respect and protect human rights, particularly the rights of women and children, this submission focuses on the grave violations perpetrated by the ruling military regime, the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC), and the military, known as the Tatmadaw. CSW notes that the UN Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar recently concluded that the violations occurring in Myanmar may amount to crimes against humanity and war crimes, and has recommended that the UN should consider establishing a Commission of Inquiry to conduct an investigation..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Christian Solidarity Worldwide
        Format/size: pdf (140K)
        Date of entry/update: 12 September 2010


      • Burma/Myanmar and the UPR: further analysis and commentary

        Individual Documents

        Title: MYANMAR: The problem of a U.N. member state disconnected from a normative framework: Myanmar and the Human Rights Council review
        Date of publication: 02 March 2011
        Description/subject: HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL Sixteenth session, Agenda Item 4, Interactive Dialogue with the SR on Myanmar A written statement submitted by the Asian Legal Resource Centre (ALRC), a non-governmental organisation with general consultative status....."... 2. In this submission, the ALRC considers the implications of this disconnect between the norms-based language and activities of the global human rights movement and the norm-less reality of a member state. This disconnect is not merely a disconnect between rhetorical aspirations and hard truth. It is a much more significant problem of the gap between a norms-based system and a norm-less one, and unless it is properly understood and accounted for in the work of the Human Rights Council and other international agencies, the many functional and technical proposals being put forward during the ongoing Council review process will have little if any relevance to the situation of human rights in Myanmar, or other countries with analogous conditions..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Asian Legal Resource Centre (ALRC)
        Format/size: html
        Date of entry/update: 05 March 2011


        Title: MYANMAR: UPR as an exercise in the making of fiction: An analysis of the presentation by Myanmar
        Date of publication: 21 February 2011
        Description/subject: HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL Sixteenth session, Agenda Item 4, Interactive Dialogue with the SR on Myanmar... A written statement submitted by the Asian Legal Resource Centre (ALRC), a non-governmental organisation with general consultative status....."...Despite the meticulous and professional documentation submitted from numerous credible sources to the UPR process, the Government of Myanmar persisted with its usual approach, treating the process not as an opportunity for dialogue but as an opportunity for the making of fiction. The implications of its approach to the UPR are addressed in a separate submission by the ALRC to this session of the Council. In this submission, for the sake of the record the centre points out some of the more glaring fictions contained in the presentation of the government to the UPR Working Group, as described in the group's draft report (A/HRC/WG.6/10/L.7, 2 February 2011), which are most directly related to the centre's work. Aspects of the government presentation not covered here include misrepresentations about the manner in which elections were held in 2010, the extent to which political parties are able to organize and operate, the status and treatment of people in Northern Rakhine State, the standing of the national human rights committee, sexual violence by the armed forces, confiscation of land, and the notion that the country is entering a new democratic era. 4. The draft report of the Working Group contains the following deliberate misrepresentations and fictions by the Government of Myanmar, followed by the corrections of the ALRC:..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: Asian Legal Resource Centre (ALRC)
        Format/size: html
        Date of entry/update: 05 March 2011


  • Special Procedures
    In this section, we also include reports submitted to the Commission on Human Rights

    • Country Mandates

      Websites/Multiple Documents

      Title: Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar
      Description/subject: Reports to the Human Rights Council and General Assembly. This site has links to most of the UN human rights documents available online on Burma (Myanmar), in the 6 official UN languages.
      Language: Arabic, Chinese, English, Espanol, Francais, Russian
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


      • UN Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar

        Websites/Multiple Documents

        Title: Special Rapporteur of the Human Rights Council on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Description/subject: Some information about the Special Rapporteur plus list of documents and press releases
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations
        Format/size: html
        Date of entry/update: 28 August 2011


        Individual Documents

        Title: Myanmar: UN expert greets latest commitments on human rights and calls for swift implementation
        Date of publication: 20 November 2012
        Description/subject: GENEVA (20 November 2012) – "The United Nations Special Rapporteur on the human rights situation in Myanmar, Tomás Ojea Quintana, welcomed today the latest commitments from the Government of Myanmar on human rights as significant steps forward in the ongoing reform process, and encouraged the authorities to focus now on their prompt implementation. These pledges announced by the Government on 18 November include the resumption of prison visits for the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), the setting up of a mechanism to review prisoner lists, addressing the situation in Rakhine State, and an invitation to the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights to establish a country office..."
        Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations
        Format/size: pdf (64K), html
        Alternate URLs: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx
        Date of entry/update: 20 November 2012


        Title: Statement by Tomás Ojea Quintana SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE SITUATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN MYANMAR
        Date of publication: 25 October 2012
        Description/subject: "...We should all acknowledge and commend the Government of Myanmar for what has been achieved thus far, which I have previously stated has improved the country’s human rights situation. Yet, recent developments highlight that Myanmar continues to grapple with ongoing human rights concerns that could pose risks to the reform process..."
        Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations General Assembly (67th session)
        Format/size: pdf (100K)
        Date of entry/update: 01 November 2012


        Title: UN Expert: Human rights should lie at the heart of Myanmar’s reform process
        Date of publication: 25 October 2012
        Description/subject: "The United Nations Special Rapporteur on the human rights situation in Myanmar, Tomás Ojea Quintana, today highlighted the importance of keeping human rights on the agenda for Myanmar. This, he stressed, is particularly relevant in light of the ongoing violence in Rakhine State. The Special Rapporteur expressed concern that more lives have been lost in the violence and emphasised that the underlying causes of the tension and conflict between the Buddhist and Muslim communities in Rakhine State must be addressed as a priority...NEW YORK (25 October 2012) – The United Nations Special Rapporteur on the human rights situation in Myanmar, Tomás Ojea Quintana, today highlighted the importance of keeping human rights on the agenda for Myanmar. This, he stressed, is particularly relevant in light of the ongoing violence in Rakhine State. The Special Rapporteur expressed concern that more lives have been lost in the violence and emphasised that the underlying causes of the tension and conflict between the Buddhist and Muslim communities in Rakhine State must be addressed as a priority..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations
        Format/size: pdf (169K)
        Date of entry/update: 01 November 2012


        Title: Statement of the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar, Tomás Ojea Quintana, 4 August 2012, Yangon International Airport, Myanmar
        Date of publication: 04 August 2012
        Description/subject: "...To conclude, as reforms deepen in Myanmar, my mandate can help to highlight the importance of placing human rights standards and principles at the very heart of this process. Take, for instance, the flood of foreign investment that is beginning to enter the country. Adopting a human rights-based approach ensures that the principles of participation, non-discrimination, transparency, accountability and the rule of law guide this process. With this guiding framework of human rights, investments will serve to create a more fair and just society, in which the human rights of the people of Myanmar are fulfilled. The time to firmly embed a human rights-based approach in economic and social development is now. More generally, I believe that human rights should not fall off the agenda, and human rights concepts and principles need to be at the forefront of the entire reform process, driving it forward and keeping it focused on addressing the needs and aspirations of the people of Myanmar. It is my responsibility, as Special Rapporteur, to continue to emphasize this point..."
        Author/creator: Tomás Ojea Quintana
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations
        Format/size: pdf (74K)
        Alternate URLs: http://www.ohchr.org/en/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=12405&LangID=E
        Date of entry/update: 06 August 2012


        Title: Statement of the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 05 February 2012
        Description/subject: 5 February 2012, Yangon International Airport, Myanmar... "...To conclude, I have previously stated that the steps taken by the Government had the potential to bring about an improvement in the human rights situation in Myanmar and deepen its transition to democracy. My mission confirmed that a positive impact has been made; however serious challenges remain and must be addressed. There is also a risk of backtracking on the progress achieved thus far. Therefore, at this crucial moment in the country’s history, further and sustained action should be taken to bring about further change. Prior to its assumption of the Chairpersonship of ASEAN in 2014, I would encourage Myanmar to demonstrate concrete progress in improving its human rights situation. The international community should remain engaged and should support and assist the Government during this important time..."
        Author/creator: Tomas Ojea Quintana
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: UNDP (Myanmar)
        Format/size: pdf (72K)
        Alternate URLs: http://unic.un.org/imucms/Dish.aspx?loc=80&pg=110
        Date of entry/update: 06 February 2012


        Title: Statement of the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar
        Date of publication: 25 August 2011
        Description/subject: By Tomas Ojea Quintana, 25 August 2011, Yangon International Airport, Myanmar..... "I have just concluded my five-day mission to Myanmar - my fourth visit to the country since I was appointed in March 2008 and my first since February 2010. I would like to thank the Government of Myanmar for its invitation and hospitality, and for the cooperation and flexibility shown during my visit. During the mission, I met with the Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Minister of Home Affairs, the Minister of Defence, the Deputy Chief of Police, the Minister of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement, who also holds the position of the Minister of Labour, the Attorney-General, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, the Union Election Commission and with some of the Presidential Advisors. I also met with the Speakers and members of the Pyi Thu and Amyotha Hluttaws, including representatives of ethnic political parties, and had the privilege to observe the second regular session of the Pyi Thu Hluttaw..."
        Author/creator: Tomas Ojea Quintana
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations
        Format/size: pdf (74K), html
        Alternate URLs: http://unic.un.org/imucms/Dish.aspx?loc=80&pg=110
        Date of entry/update: 25 August 2011


    • Special Procedures - general

      Websites/Multiple Documents

      Title: Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council
      Description/subject: This page has links to documents relating to the Special Procedures, including the web-pages of the different Special Rapporteurs. " 'Special procedures' is the general name given to the mechanisms established by the Commission on Human Rights to address either specific country situations or thematic issues in all parts of the world. Currently, there are 28 thematic and 13 country mandates in place. The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights provides these mechanisms with personnel and logistical assistance to aid them in the discharge of their mandates..."
      Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
      Date of entry/update: 02 March 2007


      Individual Documents

      Title: Submitting human rights information to the UN Special Procedures
      Date of publication: 09 July 2002
      Description/subject: "This is a brief guide to sending human rights information to the Special Procedures (country and thematic mechanisms/mandates) of the Commission on Human Rights. Those listed below all report to the Commission on Human Rights, while some report also to the General Assembly or other bodies. These reports are public, inform the debate at the GA and Commission and influence the resolutions on country human rights situations..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Burma Peace Foundation
      Format/size: html (17K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    • Thematic Mandates

      Websites/Multiple Documents

      Title: Thematic mandates
      Description/subject: This page has links to the web-pages of the thematic mechanisms (special rapporteurs and representatives, independent experts and working groups) reporting to the Human Rights Council and (in some cases) also to the General Assembly.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Human Rights Council
      Date of entry/update: 02 March 2007


      • Working Group on Arbitrary Detention: Opinions/Decisions on Myanmar cases

        Individual Documents

        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Opinion 12/2010
        Date of publication: 02 March 2011
        Description/subject: Concerning Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi... Communication addressed to the Government on 1 February 2010...Opinion adopted on 7 May 2010...Extract from the Report of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, Addendum: Opinions adopted by the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention A/HRC/16/47/Add.1 of 2 March 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/HRC/16/47/Add.1)
        Format/size: pdf (35K)
        Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G11/115/98/PDF/G1111598.pdf?OpenElement
        Date of entry/update: 04 October 2011


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Opinion 23/2010
        Date of publication: 02 March 2011
        Description/subject: Concerning: Mr. Kyaw Zaw Lwin, a.k.a. Nyi Nyi Aung... Communication addressed to the Government on 10 March 2010...Opinion adopted on 2 September 2010... Extract from the Report of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, Addendum: Opinions adopted by the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention A/HRC/16/47/Add.1 of 2 March 2011
        Language: English (French and Spanish also available)
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/HRC/16/47/Add.1)
        Format/size: pdf (18K)
        Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G11/115/98/PDF/G1111598.pdf?OpenElement
        Date of entry/update: 04 October 2011


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Opinion 4/2010
        Date of publication: 02 March 2011
        Description/subject: Concerning: Dr Tin Min Htut and Mr. U Nyi Pu...Communication addressed to the Government on 29 May 2009...Opinion adopted on 5 May 2010...Extract from the Report of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, Addendum: Opinions adopted by the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention A/HRC/16/47/Add.1 of 2 March 2011
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (A/HRC/16/47/Add.1)
        Format/size: pdf (32K)
        Alternate URLs: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G11/115/98/PDF/G1111598.pdf?OpenElement
        Date of entry/update: 04 October 2011


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Opinion 46/2008
        Date of publication: 28 November 2008
        Description/subject: "...(a) The Working Group confirms its previous Opinions (Opinion Nos. 8/1992, 2/2002, 9/2004 and 2/2007), declaring Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi's placement under house 4 arrest as arbitrary, being in contravention of Articles 9, 10 and 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, (b) The Working Group considers that the further extension of Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi's placement under house arrest by administrative way is arbitrary as it violates the rights and fundamental .freedoms, established in articles 9, 10 and 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and even domestic law, particularly the State Protection Law 1975, which itself contradicts to the basic principles and norms of modern international law. Violations of Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi's liberty fell under categories I, II and III of the categories applicable to the cases submitted to the Working Group of Arbitrary Detention..."..... This is a draft version of the Opinion -- no doubt minor changes of spelling etc. will be made in the final version.
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (Working Group on Arbitrary Detention)
        Format/size: pdf (32K)
        Date of entry/update: 24 March 2009


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Opinion 2/2007
        Date of publication: 16 January 2008
        Description/subject: "...The deprivation of liberty of Aung San Suu Kyi is arbitrary being in contravention of articles 9, 10 and 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and falls under categories II and III of the categories applicable to the consideration of cases submitted to the Working Group..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (Working Group on Arbitrary Detention)
        Format/size: pdf (92K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 March 2009


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Opinion 4/2006
        Date of publication: 02 February 2007
        Description/subject: "...The detention of Ms. Su Su Nway is arbitrary, being in contravention of articles 9, 10 and 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and falls within categories II and III of the categories applicable to the consideration of cases submitted to the Working Group..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (Working Group on Arbitrary Detention)
        Format/size: pdf (84K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 March 2009


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Opinion 11/2005
        Date of publication: 19 October 2005
        Description/subject: "...In the light of the foregoing, the Working Group renders the following opinion: The deprivation of liberty of U Tin Oo is arbitrary, being in contravention of articles 9, 10, 19, 20 and 21 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and falls within categories II and III of the categories applicable to the consideration of the cases submitted to the Working Group..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (Working Group on Arbitrary Detention)
        Format/size: pdf (83K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 March 2009


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Opinion 16/2004
        Date of publication: 19 November 2004
        Description/subject: "...In the light of the foregoing, the Working Group renders the following opinion: The deprivation of liberty of Maung Chan Thar Kyaw is arbitrary, being in violation of articles 9, 10 and 11 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and falls within category III of the categories applicable to the consideration of cases submitted to the Working Group..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (Working Group on Arbitrary Detention)
        Format/size: pdf (83K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 March 2009


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Opinion 9/2004
        Date of publication: 19 November 2004
        Description/subject: "...In the light of the foregoing, the Working Group renders the following opinion: The deprivation of liberty of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi is arbitrary, being in contravention of article 9 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and falls within category I of the categories applicable to the consideration of the cases submitted to the Working Group..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (Working Group on Arbitrary Detention)
        Format/size: pdf (85K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 March 2009


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Opinion. No. 2/2002
        Date of publication: 23 January 2003
        Description/subject: "...In the light of the foregoing, the Working Group renders the following opinion: The deprivation of liberty of Aung San Suu Kyi is arbitrary, being in contravention of articles 9, 10, 19 and 20 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and falls within categories II and III of the categories applicable to the consideration of cases submitted to the Working Group. 18. The Working Group is concerned that the Government not only did not comply with its Decision 8/1992 to remedy the situation of Aung San Suu Kyi, who was released from house arrest only in 1995, but again arbitrarily deprived her of her liberty from 22 September to 6 May 2002..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (Working Group on Arbitrary Detention)
        Format/size: pdf (87K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 March 2009


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Opinion 12/2001
        Date of publication: 11 December 2001
        Description/subject: "...In the light of the foregoing, the Working Group renders the following opinion: (i) The deprivation of the liberty of Paw Oo Tun is arbitrary, being in contravention of articles 9, 19 and 20 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and falls within categories I and II of the categories applicable to the consideration of cases submitted to the Working Group. (ii) The Working Group decides, furthermore, to transmit the information concerning the alleged ill-treatment of Paw Oo Tun to the Special Rapporteur on the question of torture..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (Working Group on Arbitrary Detention)
        Format/size: pdf (78K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 March 2009


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Opinion No. 25/2000
        Date of publication: 09 November 2000
        Description/subject: "...In the light of the above, the Working Group renders the following opinion: (a) The deprivation of liberty of James Mawdsley is arbitrary and in contravention of articles 9, 10 and 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and falls within categories II and III of the categories of cases submitted for the Group’s examination; (b) The revival of the earlier sentence of five years in a subsequent trial is also arbitrary and falls under category I of the categories applicable to the consideration of cases submitted to the Working Group..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (Working Group on Arbitrary Detention)
        Format/size: pdf (82K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 March 2009


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Opinion No. 2/1999
        Date of publication: 17 December 1999
        Description/subject: "...In the light of the foregoing, the Working Group renders the following opinion: The deprivation of liberty of U Tun Win, Kyi Min, U Hlaing Aye, U Myint Aung, U Aung Soe, U Kyaw Myint, U Thein Kyi, U Than Naing, U Myint Thein, U Aung Myint Thein, U Tha Aung, U Aung San Myint, U Aung Naing and U Tar is arbitrary, as being in contravention of articles 19 and 21 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and falls within category II of the categories applicable to the consideration of the cases submitted to the Working Group..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (Working Group on Arbitrary Detention)
        Format/size: pdf (91K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 March 2009


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Opinion No. 20/1997
        Date of publication: 19 December 1997
        Description/subject: "...In the light of the foregoing, the Working Group renders the following opinion: The deprivation of liberty of Khin Sint Aung is arbitrary, as being in contravention of articles 9 and 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and falls within category II of the applicable categories to the consideration of the cases submitted to the Working Group..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (Working Group on Arbitrary Detention)
        Format/size: pdf (59K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 March 2009


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Decision 13/1994
        Date of publication: 18 December 1994
        Description/subject: "...In the light of the above the Working Group decides: The detention of the above-mentioned persons, is declared to be arbitrary being in contravention of article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and falling within category II of the principles applicable in the consideration of the cases submitted to the Working Group. 10. Consequent upon the decision of the Working Group declaring the detention of Dr. Ma Thida, Dr. Aung Khint Sint, Moe Tin et Kyaing Ohn to be arbitrary, the Working Group requests the Government of Myanmar to take the necessary steps to remedy the situation in order to bring it into conformity with the provisions and principles incorporated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (Working Group on Arbitrary Detention)
        Format/size: pdf (28K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 March 2009


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Decision 62/1993
        Date of publication: 05 October 1994
        Description/subject: "...In the light of the above the Working Group decides: The detention of U Tin Oo and Thu Ra alias "Zargana", as well as that of Aung Lwin and Nyan Paw, despite their release, is considered to be arbitrary, being in contravention of article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and falling within category II of the principles applicable in the consideration of cases submitted to the Working Group..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (Working Group on Arbitrary Detention)
        Format/size: pdf (30K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 March 2009


        Title: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Decision 8/1992
        Date of publication: 12 January 1993
        Description/subject: "...In the light of the above the Working Group decides: The detention of U Nu and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi is declared to be arbitrary, being in contravention of articles 9, 10, 11, 19 and 20 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and articles 9, 14, 19 and 21 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and falling within categories II and III of the principles applicable in the consideration of the cases submitted to the Working Group..."
        Language: English
        Source/publisher: United Nations (Working Group on Arbitrary Detention)
        Format/size: pdf (69K)
        Date of entry/update: 25 March 2009