|Title:|| ||"Health Messenger" Issue 40 -- Non-Communicable Diseases
|Date of publication:|| ||September 2010|
|Description/subject:|| ||TABLE OF CONTENTS:
NCD DEFINITION and RISK FACTORS...
ASTHMA vs. COPD...
ALCOHOL USE DISORDER|
|Language:|| ||Burmese, English|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Aide Medicale Internationale (AMI)|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (2.1MB)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||13 January 2011|
|Title:|| ||Myanmar Country Advocacy Brief Injecting Drug Use and HIV
|Date of publication:|| ||04 February 2010|
|Description/subject:|| ||Myanmar is one of the few countries in East Asia that has reported a decrease in the overall
prevalence of HIV in recent years. Estimates indicate that HIV prevalence peaked at about 0.9%
(15-49%). By 2007, the estimated prevalence was 0.7% (range: 0.4-1.1%).....
Myanmar remains the second largest opium
poppy growing country after Afghanistan,
contributing 20% of opium poppy cultivation
in major cultivating countries in 2008.3 Heroin
use has become widespread and is the
primary drug of choice among people who
inject drugs. While the use of heroin and
opium has been observed to be declining in
recent years, the use of methamphetamine
has been increasing since 2003. Injecting of
amphetamine type stimulants has also been
reported to occur, as well as injecting of a
mixture of opiates and pharmaceutical
|Source/publisher:|| ||UNAIDS, UNODC|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (255.94 K)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||05 November 2010|
|Title:|| ||Substance Abuse, Drugs and Addictions: Guidebook
|Date of publication:|| ||September 2009|
|Description/subject:|| ||"Substance abuse refers to the harmful or
hazardous use of psychoactive substances, including
alcohol and illicit drugs. It can also be
simply defined as a pattern of harmful use of
any substance for mood-altering purposes.
Generally, when most people talk about
substance abuse, they are referring to the use
of illegal drugs. But illegal drugs are not the
only substances that can be abused. Alcohol,
prescribed medications, inhalants and even
coffee and cigarettes, can be used to harmful
Substance abuse can lead to dependence
syndrome - a cluster of behavioural, cognitive,
and physiological phenomena that develop
after repeated use including a strong desire
to take the drug, persisting in its use despite
harmful consequences, increased tolerance,
and a physical withdrawal state.
In this guidebook, based upon the situation
in our community, we present the most
common substances that are often abused,
how they are used, their street names, and
their intoxicating and health effects.".....CONTENTS:- Part I:
Amphetamine, Yaba, Ecstasy...
Betel Nut and Betal Leaf (Kwan-ya)...
Cocaine - (Crack)...
Volatile Substance or Inhalants ...
General Views of Substance Abuse...
Chronic Effects of Alcoholism...
Management in Substance Abuse Overdose...
Psycho-Counselling for Substance Abuse.|
|Language:|| ||English, Burmese|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Aide Médicale Internationale, UNHCR|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (13MB - reduced version; 15 MB - original)|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs07/DrugGuidebook-LowReso-red.pdf|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||09 September 2009|
|Title:|| ||Living Ghosts The spiraling repression of the Karenni population by the Burmese military junta_ Chapter 6: Drugs
|Date of publication:|| ||2008|
|Description/subject:|| ||Chapter Overview: Farmers are turning to illegal drug cultivation as a way to escape extreme poverty thrust upon them by the relentless civil war. As the situation in Karenni State worsens, more and more farmers will turn to poppy cultivation and the more secure future it promises. Whilst the income that farmers can earn from drugs is significantly higher than from other crops, they remain vulnerable to economic hardships, exploitation and abuses from the Burmese military regime and non-state actors. Furthermore, the increased drug production has led to increased drug abuse amongst the Karenni people, in two districts 35 per cent of males are using opium. This adds pressure to an already inadequate health system while eroding the fragile social fabric of the Karenni people.
In this chapter:
* Types of drugs produced in Karenni State
* Why villagers are producing drugs
* Eradication Programmes
* Social Problems|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Burma Issue|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://burmalibrary.org/docs4/livingghosts.pdf|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||03 November 2010|
|Title:|| ||Poisoned Flowers: The Impacts of Spiraling Drug Addiction on Palaung Women in Burma,
|Date of publication:|| ||09 June 2006|
|Description/subject:|| ||"'Poisoned Flowers: The Impacts of Spiraling Drug Addiction on Palaung
Women in Burma', based on interviews with eighty-eight wives and mothers of drug
addicts, shows how women in Palaung areas have become increasingly vulnerable due
to the rising addiction rates. Already living in dire poverty, with little access to
education or health care, wives of addicts must struggle single-handedly to support as
many as ten children.
Addicted husbands not only stop providing for their families, but also sell off property
and possessions, commit theft, and subject their wives and children to repeated verbal
and physical abuse. The report details cases of women losing eight out of eleven
children to disease and of daughters being trafficked by their addicted father.
The increased addiction rates have resulted from the regime allowing drug lords to
expand production into Palaung areas in recent years, in exchange for policing against
resistance activity and sharing drug profits. The collapse of markets for tea and other
crops has driven more and more farmers to turn to opium growing or to work as
labourers in opium fields, where wages are frequently paid in opium.
The report throws into question claims by the regime and the UNODC of a dramatic
reduction of opium production in Burma during the past decade, and calls on donor
countries and UN agencies supporting drug eradication programs in Burma to push
for genuine political reform..."|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Palaung Women's Organization|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (632K), Word (360K)|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://www.womenofburma.org/Report/PoisonedFlowers.pdf
|Date of entry/update:|| ||08 June 2006|