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Cardiovascular diseases

Individual Documents

Title: Understanding the Health Seeking Behavior of Community People with Lay-­‐ngan-­‐yaw-­‐gar (Stroke) in Myanmar: A Study in Bago
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Introduction: "In Myanmar, having a stroke is one of the common leading causes of death and constitutes 3.6% of total deaths in 2011 (Heath in Myanmar, 2013). Lay-­‐ngan-­‐yaw-­‐gar or “wind disease” is a common chronic illness condition that impacts on socio-­‐economic life of people. Lay-­‐ngan-­‐yaw-­‐gar is the Myanmar term for neurological weakness caused by a stroke from the biomedical point of view. Biomedical perspectives explain the causes of lay-­‐ngan-­‐yaw-­‐gar (stroke) as the interruption of the blood supply to the brain, usually because a blood vessel bursts or is blocked by a clot. This cuts off the supply of oxygen and nutrients, causing damage to the brain tissue (WHO, 2014). Unlike biomedical explanation, causes of lay-­‐ngan-­‐yaw-­‐gar are explained in several different ways in the traditional medical sector in Myanmar. Different disciplines of traditional medical systems explain differently the cause of lay-­‐ngan-­‐yaw-­‐gar. Based on Ayurveda concepts, lay-­‐ngan-­‐yaw-­‐gar is due to an imbalance of wind, phlegm and bile which creates ill-­‐health conditions in lay knowledge while Buddhist perspectives explains the causes of lay-­‐ngan-­‐yaw-­‐gar from the point of “Karma”, the act of an individual in the past or present life. Astrological perspectives describe the cause of lay-­‐ngan-­‐yaw-­‐gar from the calculations of zodiac of stars, planets and the time of birth and age (Heath in Myanmar, 2013). Therefore, different schools of thought produces diverse views on lay-­‐ngan-­‐yaw-­‐gar in Myanmar. Al though stroke is a common public health issue in Myanmar, the majority of studies conducted have focus on biomedical aspects of stroke and viewed mainly from the point of view of the biomedical perspective. This study will fill the knowledge gap on understanding how people in rural villages of Bago with lay-­‐ngan-­‐yaw-­‐gar seek medical attention based on their worldview and will explore different perspectives from the community in relation to the traditional health sector.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Aung Zaw Moe
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (1.1MB)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 11 August 2015


Title: "Health Messenger" Issue 40 -- Non-Communicable Diseases
Date of publication: September 2010
Description/subject: TABLE OF CONTENTS: NCD DEFINITION and RISK FACTORS... STROKE... ASTHMA vs. COPD... DIABETES MELLITUS... EPIGASTRIC PAIN... CANCER... ALCOHOL USE DISORDER
Language: Burmese, English
Source/publisher: Aide Medicale Internationale (AMI)
Format/size: pdf (2.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 13 January 2011


Title: Prevalence of Hypertension in Two Selected Villages of Kayin State, Myanmar
Date of publication: 2004
Description/subject: Abstract: "The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypertension among the 15-years-or-above population in Ta-Yoke-Hla (TYH) and Myaning-Ga-Lay (MGL) villages in Kayin state. During the cross-sectional survey conducted in November 2001, 753 respondents (370 in TYH and 383 in MGL) were interviewed. Weight, height, waist circumference and hip circumference were measured for calculation of body mass index (BMI) and waist-hip ratio. Of them, 108 (54 with hypertension and 54 with normal blood pressure) were examined for serum cholesterol and high density lipoprotein (HDL) level. The overall percentages of hypertension (systolic ³140 mmHg and diastolic ³ 90 mmHg) were: 22.4% for both townships; 17.3% in TYH; 27.4% in MGL; 18.7% among males, and 24.5% among females. The respective percentages of hypertension among different age groups (15-24 years, 25-39 years, 40 or above) were: 5.5%; 12.7%, and 38.1% for both townships; 3.8%; 11.3%, and 31.3% in TYH; 7.6%; 14.0%, and 43.7% in MGL; 3.9%; 13.2%, and 30.7% among males, and 6.5%; 12.4%, and 42.4% among females. Sixteen (2.1%) persons reported previous history of stroke. Biochemical levels and other known factors associated with hypertension are also described in the study. Health education should include among others, education on taking treatment for hypertension regularly."
Author/creator: San Shwe, Ohnma, Kyu Kyu Than, Than Tun Sein, Aung Thu, Khin Maung Maung, May San Lwin and Hnin Lwin Tun
Language: English
Source/publisher: World Health Organisation: Regional Health Forum WHO South-East Asia Region Volume 8 Number 1, 2004
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 18 April 2008