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Home > Main Library > Non-Burman and non-Buddhist groups > Ethnic groups in Burma (cultural, political) > Single Groups > Lahu (cultural, political)

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Lahu (cultural, political)

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: Lahu National Development Organisation
Date of publication: 27 October 2016
Description/subject: About us: "The Lahu National Development Organisation (LNDO) was set up by a group of leading Lahu democracy activists in Chiang Mai, Thailand in March 1997 to promote the welfare and well-being of the Lahu people, including the promotion of alternatives to growing opium. The objectives of LNDO are: To promote democracy and human rights in Shan State, with particular attention paid to Lahu To promote increased understanding among the Lahu, Akha, Wa, En, Kachin, Palaung and Shan of human rights, democracy, federalism, community development and health issues To develop unity and cooperation among the Lahu and other highlanders from Shan State and to provide opportunities for development of civic leadership skills among local groups"
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Lahu National Development Organisation
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 28 October 2016

Title: Voices of the People: "A Collection of Stories of people of Burma"
Description/subject: "These are Burma’s voices for change, extraordinary stories of people of Burma from all walks of life. Their experiences, struggles, fears, and successes. These are unheard stories of incredible spirit of resilience and courage, voices of hope and dreams that have emerged from decades of oppression. Help us spread these voices across the globe!"...Stories and voices from Karen, Karenni, Shan, Kachin, Chin, Rakhine, Mon, Palaung, Pa-O, Nagas and other ethnic minorities.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Burma Link
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 14 March 2016

Individual Documents

Title: Naypyidaw’s drug addiction - The Burma Army’s strategic use of the drug trade in the Golden Triangle and its impact on the Lahu - English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 27 October 2016
Description/subject: "With unique access and information from the ground, the Lahu National Development Organisation (LNDO) examines in this report how the Burma Army benefi ts directly from the drug trade in eastern Shan State. The findings show how conflict and drug production in Burma are inextricably linked, and that only a political resolution of the decades- long ethnic conflict will enable Burma’s drug crisis to be addressed. Despite ceasefires, the central government’s refusal to cede to ethnic demands for federalism has caused a steady military build-up by both the Burma Army and ethnic armed groups in eastern Shan State. Over the past ten years, the number of Burma Army troops in seven eastern Shan townships has risen from over 10,000 to over 14,000. Significantly for the drug trade, this includes a substantial increase in the number of Burma Army militia troops—from about 2,300 to 3,400—who serve the vital purpose of maintaining central government control over inaccessible mountainous areas. The Burma Army militia-controlled areas are where most opium in eastern Shan State is being grown, as shown by maps of the United Nations Offce of Drugs and Crime (UNODC). These areas are also where scores of drug refineries that produce large amounts of heroin and methamphetamines (“yaba”) are located. The Burma Army militia groups provide security to the drug syndicates operating the refineries. In the process they make huge profits from buying opium from farmers and selling it to refinery owners, from joint investments in refineries, and from transporting drugs to distributors. These profits not only subsidize the upkeep of the militia forces, but enable militia leaders to gain substantial personal wealth. This is a key incentive to remain loyal to the Burma Army, and to continue their policing duty against ethnic resistance groups..."
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Lahu National Development Organisation (LNDO)
Format/size: pdf (2.2MB)
Alternate URLs: https://www.lndoess.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/Naypyidaw%E2%80%99s-drug-addiction-Burmese.pdf
Date of entry/update: 28 October 2016

Title: INGOs Cannot Reach Lahu Areas and the Needs of the Lahu People
Date of publication: 30 July 2015
Description/subject: "Kyar Yin Shell is a 26-year-old young man from Kengtung, the ‘dark and dirty’ capital city of eastern Salween in the Shan State. While Kengtung has not seen civil war for over two decades, development is non-existent and electricity scarce. Kyar Yin Shell is Lahu, a little known ethnic group that lives scattered around the mountains of Burma, China, Laos, and Thailand. As most Lahu people, Kyar Yin Shell grew up in a village, but unlike many others he was lucky enough to go to school. As a teenager, hard-working Kyar Yin Shell had great hopes for his future until it all seems to end one day; wrong medical treatment left Kyar Yin Shell paralyzed. Kyar Yin Shell lost all hope for his future and like so many others in the Shan State, he became addicted to drugs. During those dark times, Kyar Yin Shell could never have known that he would not only survive and learn to live with his disability, but work actively for his people and travel overseas to represent his country. Kyar Yin Shell’s story shows how much life can surprise you. If you take the chance."...See the Alternate link for part 2.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Burma Link
Format/size: pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalink.org/part-2-create-problems-lahu-ethnicities/
Date of entry/update: 20 March 2016

Title: The Five Buddha Districts on the Yunnan - Burma Frontier: A Political System Attached to the State
Date of publication: September 2013
Description/subject: Abstract: "The Five Buddha Districts system prevailed from the 1790s to the 1880s on the frontier between Yunnan, in Southwest China, and the Burmese Kingdom, in the mountainous areas to the west of the Mekong River. Through more than a century of political mobilization, the Lahu communities in this area became an integrated and militarized society, and their culture was reconstructed in the historical context of ethnic conflicts, competition, and cooperation among the Wa, Dai, and Han Chinese settlers. The political elites of the Five Buddha Districts, however, were monks who had escaped the strict orthodoxy of the Qing government to become local chieftains, or rebels, depending on political changes in southern Yunnan. As a centralized polity, the Five Buddha Districts system was attached to the frontier politics of the Qing state before the coming of European colonial powers. The Qing state provided a sociopolitical space for local groups to develop their political ideals between various powerful Dai-Shan chieftains. The negotiation, competition, and cooperation between the Five Buddha leadership and the Qing, Dai chieftains, and neighboring political powers had been thoroughly integrated into the frontier politics of this interdependent society for more than two hundred years. As t he history of the Yunnan-Burma frontier formation shows that no mountain space existed to allow the natives to escape from the state through their shifting agriculture, and anarchism was not practiced by the mountain people who were separated from the state, t he author argues that a stateless region like James Scott’s “Zomia” did not historically exist in this region..."
Author/creator: Jianxiong Ma
Language: English
Source/publisher: Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST)
Format/size: pdf (949K-reduced version; 1.02MB-original)
Alternate URLs: https://www.google.co.th/search?q=Burma+OR+Myanmar+site:cuhk.edu.hk&cad=h
Date of entry/update: 12 October 2015

Title: The Hilltribes of Thailand Lahu
Description/subject: Touristy
Language: English
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003