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Other areas of law

  • Illegal drugs

    • Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to illegal drugs (commentary)

      Individual Documents

      Title: TOWARDS A HEALTHIER LEGAL ENVIRONMENT - A REVIEW OF MYANMAR’S DRUG LAWS
      Date of publication: February 2015
      Description/subject: "This report reviews Myanmar’s drug laws and related policies, including the 1917 Burma Excise Act; the 1993 Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Law; and the 1995 Rules relating to Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances. Since these laws were enacted several important changes have taken place inside and outside of Myanmar. The decision of the Myanmar Government to review the law is not only timely but also offers a prospect to improve the drugs legislation and to ensure that the laws address drug-related problems in the country more effectively. It is an opportunity to ensure that affected populations have access to health care and development, taking into account both national conditions and international developments and best practices. This review paper will first give an overview of Myanmar’s current legal and policy framework related to drugs, followed by an overall analysis. After that it will make specific comments on a number of key articles. In addition, the review will outline some international obligations and best practices. Finally, the paper will make some overall conclusions and recommendations.."
      Author/creator: Martin Jelsma, Ernestien Jensema, Nang Pann Ei Kham, Tom Kramer, Gloria Lai and Tripti Tandon
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Transnational Institute (TNI)
      Format/size: pdf (201K-reduced version; 245K-original)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.tni.org/sites/www.tni.org/files/download/towards_a_healthier_legal_environment.pdf
      Date of entry/update: 16 February 2015


  • Women and the law

    • Laws and decrees related to women (commentary)

      Individual Documents

      Title: Myanmar: UN rights experts express alarm at adoption of first of four ‘protection of race and religion’ bills
      Date of publication: 27 May 2015
      Description/subject: GENEVA (27 May 2015) – "A group of United Nations human rights experts today expressed alarm at the enactment of the Population Control Healthcare Bill in Myanmar, the first of four in a package of bills that seek to ‘protect race and religion’. The bills are highly discriminatory against ethnic and religious minorities as well as against women. “These bills risk deepening discrimination against minorities and setting back women’s rights in Myanmar,” said the UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, Yanghee Lee. “At a time when thousands of Rohingya are already fleeing the country by boat, this sends precisely the wrong signal to these communities.” On Saturday, State media reported that the President of Myanmar had signed the Population Control Healthcare Bill. While the stated objectives of the Bill are to improve living standards, alleviate poverty, ensure quality healthcare and develop maternal and child health, its provisions are extremely vague and lack any protection against discrimination, the independent experts noted. Under the newly adopted law, certain areas can be designated for special health care measures, including birth spacing. “Any coercive requirement for birth spacing with the aim to ‘organise’ family planning would constitute a disproportionate interference in the sexual and reproductive health and rights of women and could amount to a violation of women’s human rights,” said the UN Special Rapporteur on the right to health, Dainius Pûras, noting that the Bill allows township groups to ‘organise’ married couples to practice 36-month birth spacing between pregnancies. “Women should be able to choose freely and responsibly the number and spacing of their children.”..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 29 May 2015


      Title: WOMEN & THE LAW (Chapter from "Gathering Strength")
      Date of publication: January 2002
      Description/subject: OVERVIEW; FOUNDATIONS OF THE LAW IN BURMA; LAWS RELATING SPECIFICALLY TO WOMEN; THE PRACTICE OF THE LAW; WOMEN & FAMILY LAW; FINDINGS & RECOMMENDATIONS.
      Author/creator: Brenda Belak
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Images Asia
      Format/size: PDF (467K)
      Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003