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Sustainable/Endogenous Development

  • Sustainable/alternative development

    • Roots and Resources - global and regional experience and analysis
      These documents and links may help people in Burma/Myanmar think about the risks and benefits of \"development\", especially when imposed from top and from outside, without full and deep consultation with the people whose are most affected. This and other sections (Land, Forests etc.) also cover corporate and military-corporate appropriation of land and other resources.

      Websites/Multiple Documents

      Title: "Resurgence" Magazine online
      Description/subject: " Since 1966 Resurgence magazine has been one of the pillars of environmental thinking, generating an ecological awareness essential for human and planetary well-being and survival..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "Resurgence"
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 30 January 2005


      Title: "The Ecologist" online
      Description/subject: "Founded in 1970, 'The Ecologist' is the world's most widely-read environmental magazine. Published in four continents, The Ecologist is read by over 200,000 people in 150 countries. A key player in major environmental campaigns against GM crops, rainforest destruction, climate change and the impact of globalisation, The Ecologist's early-warning signs have helped set environmental and political agendas across the world...."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "The Ecologist"
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 30 January 2005


      Title: Better World Links
      Description/subject: "Over 90,000 well organized links (internet addresses) in English on the following global topics: Peace, Human Rights, Environment, One World, Social Justice, Sustainability, Conflict Regions, Military, Culture, Health, Women, Men, Youth, Education, Religion, Economics, Globalization, Politics, Media, And many more issues affecting our future... "Better World Links" is the leading web-site of its kind in the world. Up-to-date, balanced, hand-picked, free of charge and without advertising ! A link collection with an error rate of under 2 % ensured by regular checks. An update takes place every week with new links (more frequently in times of crisis). It is an ideal tool for everyone concerned with the issues listed above, facilitating orientation in the data jungle of the internet and allowing optimal use of the internet, thereby saving time and money. A forum for Peace, Human Rights, the Environment, 3rd World Issues, Women, Democracy and Social Movements of all countries. An easy-to-use and comprehensive data base of all relevant NGOs (non-governmental organizations) and information represented in the internet. Access to important information that does not correspond to published opinion - in particular critical background information on current problems..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Better World Links
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 27 August 2012


      Title: Center for the advancement of the steady-state economy (CASSE)
      Description/subject: "Perpetual economic growth is neither possible nor desirable. Growth, especially in wealthy nations, is already causing more problems than it solves. Recession isn't sustainable or healthy either. The positive, sustainable alternative is a steady state economy. Learn More >>
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: CASSE
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 09 November 2012


      Title: Compas - endogenous developent
      Description/subject: COMPAS (COMPAring and Supporting endogenous development) is a capacity building programme to develop and mainstream endogenous development methodologies for strengthening biocultural diversity. .....THEMES THEMES: Agriculture... Biodiversity conservation... Community protocols... Education... Livelihoods... Sacred natural sites... Traditional leadership... Traditional Medicine....offers a number of downloadable publications.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Compas
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 30 October 2014


      Title: Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation web site
      Description/subject: Documents on alternative development, including specifically on Burma.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation
      Date of entry/update: 23 January 2005


      Title: Environmental magazines and alternative media links (text and video)
      Description/subject: 55 online publications
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "Resurgence" magazine
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 05 May 2013


      Title: Focus on the Global South
      Description/subject: "Focus on the Global South is a program of development policy research, analysis and action. Focus engages in research, analysis, advocacy and grassroots capacity building on critical issues. It was founded in 1995 and is currently attached to the Chulalongkorn University Social Research Institute (CUSRI) in Bangkok, Thailand. Focus was founded, the same year the World Trade Organization came into existence. At that time, the system of corporate-driven globalisation was at its apogee. Focus’s program and structure reflected the priorities of a people’s movement that was facing a steep uphill struggle as it grappled with the impact of globalisation on the daily lives and struggles of the poor and marginalized people in the South. Today, corporate-driven globalisation is suffering a deep crisis of legitimacy globally and is on the ideological defensive, even as its poverty-creating, inequality-increasing, and ecologically destructive structure and dynamics continue to grind on. Focus has also traveled considerably from its starting point. It is today widely considered a “key player” in the global movement for a different and better world. Its analyses of global developments are extensively consulted, as are its suggestions for structural change. Focus’ goals have not changed. They continue to be the dismantling of oppressive economic and political structures and institutions, the creation of liberating structures and institutions, demilitarization, and the promotion of peace-building instead of conflict. It is the programmatic and organizational expressions of these goals that need to be adapted to the changes in the global balance of forces" ... Rich seam of articles, links, news etc.
      Language: English, French, Spanish, Thai, Indonesian, Portuguese
      Source/publisher: Focus on the Global South
      Format/size: html, pdf
      Date of entry/update: 10 August 2010


      Title: Forest Peoples Programme - Supporting forest people's rights
      Description/subject: Environmental governance...Climate and forests...Legal and human rights...Responsible finance
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Forest People's Programme
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 20 June 2012


      Title: International Institute for Sustainable Development
      Description/subject: "The International Institute for Sustainable Development is a Canadian-based, international public policy research institute for sustainable development. Since it was first articulated in the Brundtland Commission’s Our Common Future in 1987, sustainable development has never been superseded by a more compelling or universally-acceptable expression of humanity’s shared goals. At its simplest level, any form of development that is not sustainable contains the seeds of its own destruction. For development to be sustainable, it must not only generate wealth: it must also advance social justice, reduce and eventually eliminate poverty, and remain within the limits imposed by ecosystem and resource resilience..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: International Institute for Sustainable Development
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 23 September 2014


      Title: Misereor publications
      Description/subject: MISEREOR produces a range of publications on its focal topics each year. Here you will find these documents for your information and use: Substantial reports on: Extractive Industries... Shaping economic processes... Climate change... Food security and agriculture... Access to land... Health... Energy for the poor... Vocational training... Appropriate technology.
      Language: English. also available in Deutsch, Español, Français, Português
      Source/publisher: Misereor
      Format/size: html, pdf
      Date of entry/update: 24 February 2014


      Title: Navdanya
      Description/subject: "Navdanya means “nine seeds” (symbolizing protection of biological and cultural diversity) and also the “new gift” (for seed as commons, based on theright to save and share seeds In today’s context of biological and ecological destruction, seed savers are the true givers of seed. This gift or “dana” of Navadhanyas (nine seeds) is the ultimate gift – it is a gift of life, of heritage and continuity. Conserving seed is conserving biodiversity, conserving knowledge of the seed and its utilization, conserving culture, conserving sustainability. Navdanya is a network of seed keepers and organic producers spread across 17 states in India. Navdanya has helped set up 111 community seed banks across the country, trained over 5,00,000 farmers in seed sovereignty, food sovereignty and sustainable agriculture over the past two decades, and helped setup the largest direct marketing, fair trade organic network in the country. Navdanya has also set up a learning center, Bija Vidyapeeth (School of the Seed / Earth University) on its biodiversity conservation and organic farm in Doon Valley, Uttarakhand, North India. Navdanya is actively involved in the rejuvenation of indigenous knowledge and culture. It has created awareness on the hazards of genetic engineering, defended people's knowledge from biopiracy and food rights in the face of globalisation and climate change. Navdanya is a women centred movement for the protection of biological and cultural diversity."..... Earth Democracy Climate Change... Women for Diversity...Organic Movement... The Earth University - Bija Vidyapeeth Campaigns.....Several useful publications for download
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Navdanya
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 25 September 2014


      Title: New Economics Foundation
      Description/subject: " nef (the new economics foundation) is an independent think-and-do tank that inspires and demonstrates real economic well-being. We aim to improve quality of life by promoting innovative solutions that challenge mainstream thinking on economic, environment and social issues. We work in partnership and put people and the planet first. nef was founded in 1986 by the leaders of The Other Economic Summit (TOES) which forced issues such as international debt onto the agenda of the G7 and G8 summits. We are unique in combining rigorous analysis and policy debate with practical solutions on the ground, often run and designed with the help of local people. We also create new ways of measuring progress towards increased well-being and environmental sustainability. nef works with all sections of society in the UK and internationally - civil society, government, individuals, businesses and academia - to create more understanding and strategies for change..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: New Economics Foundation
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 14 October 2012


      Title: New Economy Coalition
      Description/subject: "The mission of the New Economy Coalition (NEC) is to convene and support all those who might contribute to an economy that is restorative to people, place, and planet, and that operates according to principles of democracy, justice and appropriate scale. Faced with interconnected ecological and economic crises, we believe that shared prosperity, sustainability and an equitable society require deep, systemic changes to both our economy and our politics. We support a just transition to a new economy that enables both thriving communities and ecological health. Today, the majority of people are deprived of a voice in political and economic life. Fundamental flaws in the political economic system permit the concentration of resources and power, exacerbating inequality and destroying ecosystems. The beneficiaries of this system obstruct efforts to restore communities and livelihoods. These crises are poisoning our water, air, and land; creating climate chaos; and driving millions into disease and poverty. The old models have not delivered. Something new is required..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: New Economy Coalition
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 14 October 2012


      Title: Practical Action
      Description/subject: "Our distinctive practical approach:- Technology challenging today's divided world: Practical Action works alongside communities to find practical solutions to the poverty they face. We see technology as a vital contributor to people’s livelihoods. Our definition of technology includes physical infrastructure, machinery and equipment, knowledge and skills and the capacity to organise and use all of these. We actively seek to work with communities and adopt a collaborative approach, sharing knowledge and experience. We increase our impact by scaling up success and pushing for policy change that directly benefits poor communities... Practical Action's vision and mission: Vision - Technology justice: a sustainable world free of poverty and injustice in which technology is used for the benefit of all... Mission - To contribute to poor people’s wellbeing, using technology to challenge poverty by: * building the capabilities of poor men and women; * improving their access to technical options and knowledge; and * working with them to influence social, economic and institutional systems for innovation and the use of technology..."....The Documents Library contains many appropriate technology downloads.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Practical Action
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 14 October 2012


      Title: Resolve
      Description/subject: "RESOLVE is a novel, cross-disciplinary research collaboration between four separate groups in the University of Surrey: the Centre for Environmental Strategy, the Environmental Psychology Research Group, the Surrey Energy Economics Centre and the Department of Sociology. The overall aim of RESOLVE is to develop a robust understanding of the links between lifestyle, societal values and environment. In particular, RESOLVE will work to provide robust, evidence-based advice to policy-makers in the UK and elsewhere who are seeking to understand and to influence the behaviours and practices of 'energy consumers'. Specific objectives of the proposed research group will be:..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: University of Surrey
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 14 October 2012


      Title: Results of a Google search for Endogenous Development
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Google
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 30 October 2014


      Title: Results of a Google search for Sustainable Development
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Google
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 30 October 2014


      Title: Rights and Resources Initiative
      Description/subject: A global coalition of 14 Partners and over 120 international, regional and community organizations advancing forest tenure, policy, and market reforms..... Core Beliefs: "Based on our experience, we find that empowerment of rural people and asset-based development are part of a process that is dependent on a set of enabling conditions, including security of tenure to access and use natural resources. As a coalition of diverse and varied organizations, RRI is guided by a set of core beliefs... Rights of Poor Communities Must Be Recognized and Strengthened: We believe it is possible to achieve the seemingly irreconcilable goals of alleviating poverty, conserving forests and encouraging sustained economic growth in forested regions. However, for this to happen, the rights of poor communities to forests and trees, as well as their rights to participate fully in markets and the political processes that regulate forest use, must be recognized and strengthened. ... Progress Requires Supporting and Responding to Local Communities: We believe that progress requires supporting, and responding to, local community organizations and their efforts to advance their own well-being... Now is the Time to Act: We believe that the next few decades are particularly critical. They represent an historic moment where there can be either dramatic gains, or losses, in the lives and well-being of the forest poor, as well as in the conservation and restoration of the world’s threatened forests... Progress Requires Engagement and Constructive Participation by All: It is clear that progress on the necessary tenure and policy reforms requires constructive participation by communities, governments and the private sector, as well as new research and analysis of policy options and new mechanisms to share learning between communities, governments and the private sector... Reforming Forest Tenure and Governance Requires a Focused and Sustained Global Effort: We believe that reforming forest tenure and governance to the scale necessary to achieve either the Millennium Development Goals, or the broader goals of improved well-being, forest conservation and sustained-forest-based economic growth will require a new, clearly focused and sustained global effort by the global development community."
      Language: English (French and spanish also available)
      Source/publisher: Rights and Resources Initiative
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 22 August 2012


      Title: Rio+20 Portal - Building the Peoples Summit Rio+20
      Description/subject: MAIN THEMES: Ethical and philosophical fundamentals: subjectivity, domination, and emancipation... Human rights, peoples, territories, and defense of Mother Earth... Political subjects, the architecture of power, and democracy... Production, distribution and consumption, access to wealth, common goods, and economies in transition.
      Language: English (French, Spanish, Portuguese also available)
      Source/publisher: Rio+20 Portal
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 26 June 2012


      Title: Shift
      Description/subject: "Shift is an independent, non-profit center for business and human rights practice. We help governments, businesses and their stakeholders put the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights into practice. We share our learning by developing public guidance materials that help build the field globally. We were established in July 2011, following the unanimous endorsement of the Guiding Principles by the UN Human Rights Council, which marked the successful conclusion of the mandate of the Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Business and Human Rights, Professor John Ruggie. Our team was centrally involved in shaping and writing the UN Guiding Principles, and Prof. Ruggie is Chair of our Board of Trustees..." .
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Shift
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 06 May 2013


      Title: Third World Network
      Description/subject: "... The Third World Network is an independent non-profit international network of organizations and individuals involved in issues relating to development, the Third World and North- South issues. Its objectives are to conduct research on economic, social and environmental issues pertaining to the South; to publish books and magazines; to organize and participate in seminars; and to provide a platform representing broadly Southern interests and perspectives at international fora such as the UN conferences and processes. Its recent and current activities include: the publication of the daily SUNS (South - North Develoment Monitor) bulletin from Geneva, Switzerland, the fortnightly Third World Economics and the monthly Third World Resurgence; the publication of Third World Network Features; the publication of books on environment and economic issues; the organizing of various seminars and workshops; and participation in international processes such as UNCED and the World Bank - NGO Committee..." Its online publications include extracts and compilations of • "Third World Resurgence"; • "Third World Economics"; • "TWN Features"; • Position Papers; • Briefing Papers etc.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Third World Network
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 23 January 2005


      Title: Transnational Institute
      Description/subject: "The Transnational Institute (TNI) of Policy Studies: * carries out radical informed analysis on critical global issues * builds alliances with social movements * develops proposals for a more sustainable, just and democratic world.... Over almost 40 years, TNI has gained an international reputation for: * carrying out well researched and radical critiques – sometimes against the grain - of current pressing global problems * anticipating and producing informed work on key issues long before they become mainstream concerns, for example, our work on food and hunger, third world debt, transnational corporations, trade, and carbon trading * Supporting and enhancing social movements’ work for economic and social justice worldwide * naming outstanding TNI fellows from many countries and backgrounds whose scholarship, analysis and research have inspired and educated generations of activists and whose writings continue to provoke debate * building alternatives that are both just and pragmatic, for example developing alternative approaches to international drugs policy and providing support for the practical detailed work of public water services reform * influencing policy makers thanks to its research and its direct links and engagement with mass movements, particularly those most affected by current global economic and social policies * remaining non-sectarian and able to bridge different political tendencies, thereby helping build coalitions of social movements that span regions and continents..."
      Language: English, Español
      Source/publisher: Transnational Institute
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 08 July 2013


      Title: Vandana Shiva
      Description/subject: Articles etc. by Vandana Shiva
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Z-Space
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 05 November 2012


      Title: Worldwatch Institute
      Description/subject: "Through research and outreach that inspire action, the Worldwatch Institute works to accelerate the transition to a sustainable world that meets human needs. The Institute’s top mission objectives are universal access to renewable energy and nutritious food, expansion of environmentally sound jobs and development, transformation of cultures from consumerism to sustainability, and an early end to population growth through healthy and intentional childbearing..." Publishes the annual "State of the World" reports and other publications
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Worldwatch Institute
      Format/size: html, pdf
      Date of entry/update: 25 January 2005


      Title: Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy
      Description/subject: Research Group 1: Future Energy and Mobility Structures Research Group 2: Energy, Transport and Climate Policy Research Group 3: Material Flows and Resource Management Research Group 4: Sustainable Production and Consumption Cross-cutting projects: – Sustainable Globalisation – Eco-Sufficiency and Quality of Life – Integrated Sustainability Scenarios ...includes "Wuppertal Papers" published in English, publications by Wolfgang Sachs etc.
      Language: English, Deutsch, German
      Source/publisher: Wuppertal Institute
      Format/size: html, pdf
      Alternate URLs: http://www.wupperinst.org/
      Date of entry/update: 30 January 2005


      Individual Documents

      Title: "Donor Playground Cambodia?" - What a look at aid and development in Cambodia confirms and what it may imply
      Date of publication: 19 November 2010
      Description/subject: "This paper is confrontational and challenges many deep assumptions in mainstream development. It argues that from the early 1990s in many ways Cambodia became a ‘donor playground’, a term that some may find troubling, if not actually offensive. It supports this argument by reference to various arguments in development studies, to a specific case study of intervention in Cambodia, and to an examination of important parts of the relevant donor ‘knowledge production’. For us, these show that this term is, indeed, suitable and we will make various practical recommendations as to how things may progress in the future..."
      Author/creator: Adam Fforde & Katrin Seidel
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung
      Format/size: pdf (413K)
      Date of entry/update: 05 May 2013


      Title: "The Wealth of the Commons" - A world beyond market & state
      Date of publication: 04 February 2013
      Description/subject: "Over the past few years an explosion of innovative activism, scholarship and projects focused on the commons has been gaining momentum around the world. This growing movement consists of activists fighting international land grabs and the privatization of water; commoners collectively managing forests, fisheries and farmlands; Internet users generating software and Web content that can be shared and improved; and urban dwellers reclaiming public spaces. "The Wealth of the Commons" brings together the most vibrant strands of this burgeoning international work into a single volume, revealing the significant potential of the commons as a new force in politics, economics and culture... We are poised between an old world that no longer works and a new one struggling to be born. Surrounded by centralized hierarchies on the one hand and predatory markets on the other, people around the world are searching for alternatives. The Wealth of the Commons explains how millions of commoners have organized to defend their forests and fisheries, reinvent local food systems, organize productive online communities, reclaim public spaces, improve environmental stewardship and re-imagine the very meaning of “progress” and governance. In short: how they’ve built their commons. In 73 timely essays by a remarkable international roster of activists, academics and project leaders, this book chronicles ongoing struggles against the private commoditization of shared resources – often known as “market enclosures” – while documenting the immense generative power of the commons. "The Wealth of the Commons" is about history, political change, public policy and cultural transformation on a global scale – but most of all, it’s about commoners taking charge of their lives and their endangered resources. It’s about common people doing uncommon things..." 

      Author/creator: David Bollier, Silke Helfrich
      Language: English, Deutsch, German
      Source/publisher: The Commons Strategy Group
      Format/size: html
      Alternate URLs: http://band1.dieweltdercommons.de/inhaltsverzeichnis/
      http://www.transcript-verlag.de/ts2036/ts2036.php
      Date of entry/update: 05 May 2013


      Title: 2012 Global Hunger Index
      Date of publication: November 2012
      Description/subject: The Challenge of hunger: ensuring sustainable food security under land, water and energy stresses..."World hunger, according to the 2012 Global Hunger Index (GHI), has declined somewhat since 1990 but remains “serious.” The global average masks dramatic differences among regions and countries. Regionally, the highest GHI scores are in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. South Asia reduced its GHI score significantly between 1990 and 1996—mainly by reducing the share of underweight children—but could not maintain this rapid progress. Though Sub-Saharan Africa made less progress than South Asia in the 1990s, it has caught up since the turn of the millennium, with its 2012 GHI score falling below that of South Asia. From the 1990 GHI to the 2012 GHI, 15 countries reduced their scores by 50 percent or more. In terms of absolute progress, between the 1990 GHI and the 2012 GHI, Angola, Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Malawi, Nicaragua, Niger, and Vietnam saw the largest improvements in their scores. Twenty countries still have levels of hunger that are “extremely alarming” or “alarming.” Most of the countries with alarming GHI scores are in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia (the 2012 GHI does not, however, reflect the recent crisis in the Horn of Africa, which intensified in 2011, or the uncertain food situation in the Sahel). Two of the three countries with extremely alarming 2012 GHI scores—Burundi and Eritrea—are in Sub-Saharan Africa; the third country with an extremely alarming score is Haiti. Its GHI score fell by about one quarter from 1990 to 2001, but most of this improvement was reversed in subsequent years. The devastating January 2010 earthquake, although not yet fully captured by the 2012 GHI because of insufficient availability of recent data, pushed Haiti back into the category of “extremely alarming.” In contrast to recent years, the Democratic Republic of Congo is not listed as “extremely alarming,” because insufficient data are available to calculate the country’s GHI score. Current and reliable data are urgently needed to appraise the situation in the country. Recent developments in the land, water, and energy sectors have been wake-up calls for global food security: the stark reality is that the world needs to produce more food with fewer resources, while eliminating wasteful practices and policies. Demographic changes, income increases, climate change, and poor policies and institutions are driving natural resource scarcity in ways that threaten food production and the environment on which it depends. Food security is now inextricably linked to developments in the water, energy, and land sectors. Rising energy prices affect farmers’ costs for fuel and fertilizer, increase demand for biofuel crops relative to food crops, and raise the price of water use. Agriculture already occurs within a context of land scarcity in terms of both quantity and quality: the world’s best arable land is already under cultivation, and unsustainable agricultural practices have led to significant land degradation. The scarcity of farmland coupled with shortsighted bioenergy policies has led to major foreign summary investments in land in a number of developing countries, putting local people’s land rights at risk. In addition, water is scarce and likely to become scarcer with climate change. To halt this trend, more holistic strategies are needed for dealing with land, water, energy, and food, and they are needed soon. To manage natural resources sustainably, it is important to secure land and water rights; phase out inefficient subsidies on water, energy, and fertilizers; and create a macroeconomic environment that promotes efficient use of natural resources. It is important to scale up technical solutions, particularly those that conserve natural resources and foster more efficient and effective use of land, energy, and water along the value chain. It is also crucial to tame the drivers of natural resource scarcity by, for example, addressing demographic change, women’s access to education, and reproductive health; raising incomes and lowering inequality; and mitigating and adapting to climate change through agriculture. Food security under land, water, and energy stress poses daunting challenges. The policy steps described in this report show how we can meet these challenges in a sustainable and affordable way."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Concern Worldwide, Welthungerhilfe and Green Scenery:
      Format/size: pdf (3MB)
      Date of entry/update: 02 November 2012


      Title: A HUMAN RIGHTS APPROACH TO DEVELOPMENT OF CAMBODIA’S LAND SECTOR
      Date of publication: April 2012
      Description/subject: "Despite the tens of millions of dollars in aid and concessional loans being spent in Cam- bodia with the ostensible aim of securing land tenure and making the management of land and natural resources more equitable and sustainable, the evidence shows that tenure insecurity, forced evictions and large-scale land grabbing are escalating to alarming levels. Against this backdrop this discus- sion paper proposes a better approach to development interventions in the land sector, in which processes and tools that elevate rights, transparency and accountability are incorporated throughout the project cycle and broader country strategy. The paper calls on development partners to adopt a ten-pronged framework for a human rights approach to development that aims to shift power to Cam- bodia’s citizens and increase accountability of decision-makers and power-holders. The paper begins with a rationale for adopt- ing a human rights approach to development. Human rights are the foundation of just and prosperous societies in which individuals have WKHRSSRUWXQLWWROLYHGLJQL¿HGIXOODQGPHDQ - ingful lives. The ultimate goal of development should therefore be a society in which civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights are fully respected and enjoyed as social and legal guarantees on a non-discriminatory basis. The path of development will be most conducive to such an outcome if members of society are encouraged to be active and informed agents in the development process, including through public debate, and are able to hold decision-makers to account..."
      Author/creator: Natalie Bugalski
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Bridges Across Borders Cambodia, Heinrich Böll Stifftung, Cambodia
      Format/size: pdf (4.8MB)
      Date of entry/update: 05 May 2013


      Title: BUDDHIST ECONOMICS
      Date of publication: 1973
      Description/subject: "... "Right Livelihood" is one of the requirements of the Buddha’s Noble Eightfold Path. It is clear, therefore, that there must be such a thing as Buddhist economics. Buddhist countries have often stated that they wish to remain faithful to their heritage. So Burma: “The New Burma sees no conflict between religious values and economic progress. Spiritual health and material well-being are not enemies: they are natural allies.” 1 Or: “We can blend successfully the religious and spiritual values of our heritage with the benefits of modern technology.” 2 Or: “We Burmans have a sacred duty to conform both our dreams and our acts to our faith. This we shall ever do.” 3 All the same, such countries invariably assume that they can model their economic development plans in accordance with modern economics, and they call upon modern economists from so-called advanced countries to advise them, to formulate the policies to be pursued, and to construct the grand design for development, the Five-Year Plan or whatever it may be called. No one seems to think that a Buddhist way of life would call for Buddhist economics, just as the modern materialist way of life has brought forth modern economics. Economists themselves, like most specialists, normally suffer from a kind of metaphysical blindness, assuming that theirs is a science of absolute and invariable truths, without any presuppositions. Some go as far as to claim that economic laws are as free from "metaphysics" or "values" as the law of gravitation. We need not, however, get involved in arguments of methodology. Instead, let us take some fundamentals and see what they look like when viewed by a modern economist and a Buddhist economist..."
      Author/creator: E.F. Schumacher
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: "Small Is Beautiful: Economics as if People Mattered"
      Format/size: pdf (72K)
      Date of entry/update: 16 January 2005


      Title: Environment and Human Rights.
      Date of publication: October 2003
      Description/subject: Wuppertal Paper, October 2003... "The Institute's Globalisation project published the first English Wuppertal Paper "Environment and Human Rights" by Wolfgang Sachs. First, it outlines six typical situations in which patterns of resource use come into conflict with subsistence rights: namely, extraction of raw materials, alteration of ecosystems, reprogramming of organisms, destabilization as a result of climate change, pollution of urban living space, and effects of resource prices. It then introduces the debate on human rights and locates respect for subsistence rights as a component of economic, social and cultural human rights. Finally, it offers some markers for an environmental policy geared to human rights, the aim of which is to guarantee civil rights for all in a world with a finite biosphere..." >>> Further Literature on Ecology and Human Rights
      Author/creator: Wolfgang Sachs
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Wuppertal Institute
      Format/size: pdf (1.3MB)
      Date of entry/update: 30 January 2005


      Title: Getting Global: The Hidden Power of Local Leadership
      Date of publication: 2014
      Description/subject: "...Since 1990, city and regional leaders have come together through organizations like ICLEI—Local Governments for Sustainability to serve as counterparts to national governments and the United Nations. As many local governments become concerned about the increasingly discussed failure of global governance, leaders across cities and towns are looking for opportunities to strengthen their impact. “To the extent that national interests have allowed, UN organizations and the global processes under their influence have been supportive of this newly born movement in civil society,” says Zimmerman. “Local actors…have mirrored global efforts at nearly every stage and have often stimulated the debate among nations with their own commitments.”..."
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Worldwatch Institute
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 23 September 2014


      Title: Governing for Sustainability - State of the World, 2014
      Date of publication: 2014
      Description/subject: Two chapters from Worldwatch Institute's "State of the World, 2014" - Chapter 1, "Failing Governance, Unsustainable Planet" and Chapter 22, " "A Call to Engagement"
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Worldwatch Institute
      Format/size: pdf (860K)
      Date of entry/update: 22 September 2014


      Title: LAND-GRABBING LINKED WITH HUNGER
      Date of publication: October 2012
      Description/subject: A new study finds a link between land rights, water, energy and hunger...Countries where people lack adequate access to land rights, water and energy – are among the worst performers in the annual Global Hunger Index (GHI). “We find there is a definite correlation between these resources and food insecurity,” said Claudia Ringler, a co-author of this year’s GHI study, which was produced jointly by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and the NGOs Concern Worldwide and Welthungerhilfe. The GHI study compared data on people’s access to arable land, clean water and cheap energy to their countries GHI scores, which are calculated using three indicators: undernourishment, child mortality and child underweight data. Twenty countries have levels of hunger that are “extremely alarming” or “alarming” according to the index. Most countries with alarming GHI scores are in sub-Saharan Africa or South Asia; the three countries with extremely alarming GHI scores are Burundi and Eritrea and Haiti. Food security is inextricably linked to developments in the water, energy, and land sectors, as many experts have begun to show. "We are not saying anything people don't know already, but drawing their attention to it again through this study," said Ringler. The study underscores the role of land grabs - the practice of leasing out land to international companies, often to grow export crops to produce biofuel - in food security. “Rising energy prices affect farmers’ costs for fuel and fertilizer, increase demand for biofuel crops relative to food crops, and raise the price of water use,” says the GHI report.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Irin via Third World Network Features
      Format/size: pdf (78K)
      Date of entry/update: 02 November 2012


      Title: Prosperity without growth? The transition to a sustainable economy
      Date of publication: 2009
      Description/subject: "Every society clings to a myth by which it lives. Ours is the myth of economic growth. For the last five decades the pursuit of growth has been the single most important policy goal across the world. The global economy is almost five times the size it was half a century ago. If it continues to grow at the same rate the economy will be 80 times that size by the year 2100. This extraordinary ramping up of global economic activity has no historical precedent. It’s totally at odds with our scientific knowledge of the finite resource base and the fragile ecology on which we depend for survival. And it has already been accompanied by the degradation of an estimated 60% of the world’s ecosystems. For the most part, we avoid the stark reality of these numbers. The default assumption is that – financial crises aside – growth will continue indefinitely. Not just for the poorest countries, where a better quality of life is undeniably needed, but even for the richest nations where the cornucopia of material wealth adds little to happiness and is beginning to threaten the foundations of our wellbeing. The reasons for this collective blindness are easy enough to find. The modern economy is structurally reliant on economic growth for its stability. When growth falters – as it has done recently – politicians panic. Businesses struggle to survive. People lose their jobs and sometimes their homes. A spiral of recession looms. Questioning growth is deemed to be the act of lunatics, idealists and revolutionaries. But question it we must. The myth of growth has failed us. It has failed the two billion people who still live on less than $2 a day. It has failed the fragile ecological systems on which we depend for survival. It has failed, spectacularly, in its own terms, to provide economic stability and secure people’s livelihoods..."
      Author/creator: Tim Jackson
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Sustainable Development Commission
      Format/size: pdf (3MB)
      Date of entry/update: 14 October 2012


      Title: Publications on "Appropriate technology"
      Description/subject: Adobe: Manual "Adobe production" (pdf, 480 KB) This manual was designed for builders, technicians and other professionals involved in rural housing development programmes in humid tropical climates. This manual is also available in Spanish (pdf, 470 KB) French (pdf, 470 KB) and Portuguese (pdf, 470 KB)... Anti-seismic construction: Handbook "Adobe - anti-seismic construction handbook" (pdf, 2,7 MB) The aim of this handbook is to assist engineers and the population at large in repairing houses correctly This handbook is also available in French (pdf, 2,7 MB) Handbook "Wattle & Daub - anti-seismic construction handbook" (pdf, 2,8 MB) The aim of this construction handbook is to provide theoretical and technical support for use by building engineers, construction workers and all those who decide to build their own house. This handbook is also available in Spanish (pdf, 4,7 MB) and French (pdf, 2,8 MB) Handbook "Rehabilitation - anti-seismic construction handbook" (pdf, 1,6 MB) After an earthquake many houses resist well or suffer some damage which can be repaired without needing to demolish the house. The aim of this handbook is to assist engineers and the population at large in repairing houses correctly. This handbook is also available in Spanish (pdf, 2,5 MB) and French (pdf, 1,6 MB)
      Source/publisher: Misereor
      Format/size: html, pdf
      Date of entry/update: 25 March 2014


      Title: Report submitted by the Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food,
      Date of publication: 20 December 2010
      Description/subject: Summary: "The reinvestment in agriculture, triggered by the 2008 food price crisis, is essential to the concrete realization of the right to food. However, in a context of ecological, food and energy crises, the most pressing issue regarding reinvestment is not how much, but how. This report explores how States can and must achieve a reorientation of their agricultural systems towards modes of production that are highly productive, highly sustainable and that contribute to the progressive realization of the human right to adequate food. Drawing on an extensive review of the scientific literature published in the last five years, the Special Rapporteur identifies agroecology as a mode of agricultural development which not only shows strong conceptual connections with the right to food, but has proven results for fast progress in the concretization of this human right for many vulnerable groups in various countries and environments. Moreover, agroecology delivers advantages that are complementary to better known conventional approaches such as breeding highyielding varieties. And it strongly contributes to the broader economic development. The report argues that the scaling up of these experiences is the main challenge today. Appropriate public policies can create an enabling environment for such sustainable modes of production. These policies include prioritizing the procurement of public goods in public spending rather than solely providing input subsidies; investing in knowledge by reinvesting in agricultural research and extension services; investing in forms of social organization that encourage partnerships, including farmer field schools and farmers’ movements innovation networks; investing in agricultural research and extension systems; empowering women; and creating a macro-economic enabling environment, including connecting sustainable farms to fair markets."
      Author/creator: Olivier De Schutter
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations (A/HRC/16/49)
      Format/size: pdf (257K)
      Date of entry/update: 22 January 2012


      Title: Steven's Portal - For everyone concerned about humanity and the world we live in.
      Description/subject: Useful links, mainly to groups in North America..."Welcome to a gateway to the common good. It is based on the efforts of real people who are helping and healing the world. Your participation is invited! If you've visited before, then you know this portal was conceived independently of any philosophy, tradition or school of thought. The intention is to provide a space for sharing online resources while increasing awareness of what is being done for the betterment of communities, society, culture and the Earth. You're invited to explore the links library and, additionally, to suggest your own favorites. New connections are wanted to individuals as well as groups, whether nonprofit or for-profit. My only expectations are that their efforts be environmentally and socially responsible. I especially like to include links connecting to small and lesser-known grassroots groups whose websites offer informative and inspiring depictions of their work. Please feel free to submit a site. Make yourself at home — you've arrived at an enlightened corner of cyberspace among like-minded people with a caring, compassionate outlook. This invitation is extended to men and women of goodwill everywhere across the globe. The current number of active links is 518 — and each of these has been formed through genuine person-to-person linkages. Here is a thought, given the vastness of cyberspace: if, thanks to fate, destiny, Karma, or a seemingly ordinary Google search, you've arrived here and are taking the time to read these words, there may be a reason. Please send a link suggestion today!..."
      Author/creator: Steven Williams
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Steven Williams
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 05 May 2013


      Title: The Archaeology of the Development Idea
      Date of publication: 1990
      Description/subject: "Ruined buildings hide their secrets under piles of earth and rubble. Archaeologists, shovel in hand, work through layer upon layer to reveal underpinnings and thus discover the origins of a dilapidated monument. But ideas can also turn out to be ruins with their foundations covered by years or even centuries of sand. I believe that the idea of development stands today like a ruin in the intellectual landscape, its shadows obscuring our vision. It is high time we tackled the archaeology of this towering conceit, that we uncovered its foundations to see it for what it is: the outdated monument to an immodest era... Wind and snow stormed over Pennsylvania Avenue on 20 January 1949 when, in his inauguration speech before Congress, US President Harry Truman defined the largest part of the world as "underdeveloped areas". There it was, suddenly a permanent feature of the landscape, a pivotal concept which crammed the immeasurable diversity of the globe's south into single category: underdeveloped. For the first time, the new world view was thus announced; all the peoples of the earth were to move along the same track and aspire to only one goal: development. And the road to follow lay clearly before the President's eyes: "Greater production is the key to prosperity and peace." After all, was it not the US which had already come closest to this utopia? According to that yardstick, nations fall into place as stragglers or lead runners. And "the United States is pre-eminent among nations in the development of industrial and scientific techniques". Clothing self-interest in generosity, Truman outlined a programme of technical assistance designed to "relieve the suffering of these peoples" through "industrial activities and "a higher standard of living". Looking back after forty years, we recognise Truman's speech as the starting gun in the race for the South to catch up with the North. But we also see that the field of runners has been dispersed, as some competitors have fallen by the wayside and others have begun to suspect that they are running in the wrong direction..."
      Author/creator: Wolfgang Sachs
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Wolfgang Sachs
      Format/size: pdf (81K)
      Date of entry/update: 02 November 2012


      Title: The Development Dictionary - a guide to knowledge as power
      Date of publication: 2010
      Description/subject: WOLFGANG SACHS, Preface to the New Edition... WOLFGANG SACHS, Introduction... GUSTAVO ESTEVA, Development... WOLFGANG SACHS, Environment... C. DOUGLAS LUMMIS, Equality... MARIANNE GRONEMEYER, Helping... GÉRALD BERTHOUD, Market... IVAN ILLICH, Needs... WOLFGANG SACHS, One World... MAJID R AHNEMA, Participation... ARTURO ESCOBAR, Planning... BARBARA DUDEN Population... MAJID R AHNEMA, Poverty... JEAN ROBERT, Production... JOSÉ MARÍA SBERT, Progress... VANDANA SHIVA, Resources... CLAUDE ALVARES, Science... HARRY CLEAVER Socialism... SERGE LATOUCHE, Standard of Living... ASHIS NANDY, State... OTTO ULLRICH, Technology.
      Author/creator: Wolfgang Sachs (ed)
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Zed Books via Northeast University
      Format/size: pdf (2.4MB)
      Date of entry/update: 05 November 2012


      Title: The Millennium Development Goals Report
      Date of publication: 2010
      Description/subject: "The Millennium Declaration in 2000 was a milestone in international cooperation, inspiring development efforts that have improved the lives of hundreds of millions of people around the world. Ten years later, world leaders will gather again at the United Nations in New York to review progress, assess obstacles and gaps, and agree on concrete strategies and actions to meet the eight Millennium Development Goals by 2015. The Goals represent human needs and basic rights that every individual around the world should be able to enjoy—freedom from extreme poverty and hunger; quality education, productive and decent employment, good health and shelter; the right of women to give birth without risking their lives; and a world where environmental sustainability is a priority, and women and men live in equality. Leaders also pledged to forge a wide-ranging global partnership for development to achieve these universal objectives. This report shows how much progress has been made. Perhaps most important, it shows that the Goals are achievable when nationally owned development strategies, policies and programmes are supported by international development partners. At the same time, it is clear that improvements in the lives of the poor have been unacceptably slow, and some hard-won gains are being eroded by the climate, food and economic crises. The world possesses the resources and knowledge to ensure that even the poorest countries, and others held back by disease, geographic isolation or civil strife, can be empowered to achieve the MDGs. Meeting the goals is everyone’s business. Falling short would multiply the dangers of our world – from instability to epidemic diseases to environmental degradation. But achieving the goals will put us on a fast track to a world that is more stable, more just, and more secure. Billions of people are looking to the international community to realize the great vision embodied in the Millennium Declaration. Let us keep that promise. -- Ban Ki-moon, Secretary-General, United Nations
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations
      Format/size: pdf (6.7MB)
      Date of entry/update: 21 November 2012


      Title: The One-Straw Revolution
      Date of publication: 1978
      Description/subject: An Introduction to Natural Farming
      Author/creator: Masanobu Fukuoka
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Masanobu Fukuoka
      Format/size: pdf (455K)
      Date of entry/update: 22 January 2012


      Title: Transnational corporations and endogenous development
      Date of publication: 1982
      Description/subject: Conscious of the need to highlight the endogenous nature of development and the variety of ways in which it can be brought about, the General Conference of Unesco has called for a study of the effects of the activities of the transnational corporations on the development process, especially in the Organization's spheres of competence. If development is to be endogenous, the different societies concerned must retain their own identity, drawing their strength from their own specific forms of thinking, and acting and setting themselves goals that are consonant with those values and with the needs they feel and the resources they possess. This is the spirit in which this study has been undertaken. The study is based on an extensive bibliography, which calls on the findings of a large number of studies on the activities of the transnational corporations, including those carried out by Unesco and the United Nations Centre on Transnational Corporations. It takes stock of our knowledge of the socio-cultural impact of the transnational corporations' activities and is a starting-point in the bid to identify the effects they have more clearly.
      Author/creator: Jean-Louis Reiffers, Andre Cartapanis, William Experton and Jean-Luc Fuguet
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: UNESCO
      Format/size: pdf (4.7MB)
      Date of entry/update: 30 October 2014


      Title: United Nations Strategic Framework 2012-2015 [Myanmar]
      Date of publication: 19 January 2012
      Description/subject: Table of Contents: Foreword... Signatories: October 2011... Acronyms and Abbreviations... Map of UN offices in Myanmar... Section I: Development Context... Human Development and the MDGs.... UN in Myanmar.... Section II: The Strategic Framework... Strategic Priority 1: Encourage inclusive growth (both rural and urban), including agricultural development and enhancement of employment opportunities ... Strategic Priority 2: Increase equitable access to quality social services..... Strategic Priority 3: Reduce vulnerability to natural disasters and climate change.... Strategic Priority 4: Promote good governance and strengthen democratic institutions and human rights... Section III: Resource Requirements... Section IV: Management and Implementation.... Section V: Monitoring and Evaluation..... Section VI: Operationalization of the UN Strategic Framework
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: United Nations Country Team in Myanmar
      Format/size: pdf (2.6MB)
      Alternate URLs: http://unic.un.org/imucms/userfiles/yangon/file/UN_Strategic_Framework_for_Myanmar_2012-2015.pdf
      Date of entry/update: 21 November 2012


    • ifda dossier (international foundation for development alternatives - IFDA)
      These are pdf versions of the 81 ifda dossiers published in English, French and Spanish between 1978 and 1991. We think that the ideas contained in the Dossier may be helpful for Burmese thinking about \"development\"....\"The \"Dossier\" was an important milestone in the emergence of alternative development theory, and this archive remains an important source of inspiration and ideas... The International Foundation for Development Alternatives (IFDA) was set up in 1976 to contribute to the movement towards both another development and genuine international cooperation, defined as follows: • another development hinges on five interrelated pillars: satisfaction of human needs in their diversity; self-reliance; endogeneity; harmony with nature and ecological sustainability; non-violent democratization of societal structures. It is a systemic process, personal and social, cultural and technological, economic and political. It offers a project to every society, wherever located, North or South, whatever its space, global, national or local; • genuine international cooperation implies respecting differences and ensuring cultural pluralism. It calls for the restructuring of international relations through, among others, a global conception - at the same time political, ecological and social - of security, complete disarmament, non-alignment, Third World collective self-reliance as well as the emergence of new actors, especially those from the civil society. It is the transition from old and new hegemonies and the resulting unequal exchange to a world order supportive of another development...\\\"..... Some of the files are rather large - several megabytes each, which many people in the South may have difficulty downloading. The Online Burma/Myanmar Library will upload the Tables of Contents and gradually digitise the biggest files. Some of the text is almost illegible and we apologise if mistakes have been made in the editing.

      Individual Documents

      Title: ifda dossier 1 - English (January 1978)
      Date of publication: January 1978
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (Editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.3MB)
      Date of entry/update: 24 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 1 - français (January 1978)
      Date of publication: January 1978
      Language: Français, French
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.5MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 10 (August 1979)
      Date of publication: August 1979
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (Editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (2MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 11 (September 1979)
      Date of publication: September 1979
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (Editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (2.4MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 12 (October 1979)
      Date of publication: October 1979
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (Editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (2.5MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 13 (November 1979)
      Date of publication: November 1979
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (Editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (2.4MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 14 (December 1979)
      Date of publication: December 1979
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (2.3MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 15 (January/February 1980)
      Date of publication: February 1980
      Description/subject: INTRODUCTORY NOTE..... BUILDING BLOCKS/MATÉRIAUX: Perception populaire du développement en Afrique occidentale (Environnement et Développement en Afrique, ENDA)... Réduire la surconsommation (Philippe d'Iribarne, CEREBE)... Local action for self-reliant development in Bangladesh (B.K. Jahangir)... Another development for Japan (Nishikawa Jun)... What to do about housing - Its part in another development (John F.C. Turner)... Third World commodity policy at the crossroads: some fundamental issues (Carlos Fortin)... Sovereignty of needs, reversal of unjust enrichment: themes toward another development (José R. Echeverria)..... INTERACTIONS: Selective North-South approaches: a room for mimVNIEO. (Helge Hveeir.)... General remarks on international financial cooperation and resource transfers (Moinuddin Baqai)... Les ressources, l'alimentation, le patrimoine commun, l'industrialisation et la technique (Ben Saliah Kouyaté)... Expériences... Breast is best (Vic Sutton)... Luis Echeverria: Forwards and upwards (Francisco Fernandez Mora)... Development and Human needs (Soedjatmoko)... Towards an endogenous industrialization geared to satisfying the needs of the poor (Abd-el Rahman Khane)..... FOOTNOTES.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (2.4MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 16 (March/April 1980)
      Date of publication: April 1980
      Description/subject: INTRODUCTORY NOTE..... BUILDING BLOCKS / MATÉRIAUX: Arab industrialization strategy based on self-reliance and satisfaction of basic needs (Ismaïl-Sabri Abdalla)... Social transformation in Bangladesh: Realities, constraints, vision and strategy (Quazi Kholiquzzaman Ahmad)... The surprises of development in Latin America (F.H. Cardoso)... Building blocks for American restructuring (Exploratory Project for Economic Alternatives)... Alternative relations between Japan and Thailand (Nishikawa Jun)... Third World debt and the international private banks (Samuel Lichtensztejn and José M. Quijano)... Theorie du développement et nouvel ordre économique international (A. Benachenhou)..... MARKINGS: A threefold challenge to the world (Michael Hanley)... INTERACTIONS: WARC-1979: Equity in ether (Chakravarthi Raghavan)... Self-sufficiency - Self-reliance (Sigmund Kvaløy)... Managing the transfer of technology between Third World countries (Alberto Arâoz)... Experiences... A second level of world government (William N. Ellis)... Fishing for the poor - a comment (V.M.A. Hakkim)... The community as an art form... Do African governments care about women? (Fibi Munene)..... FOOTNOTES / NOTES.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (2.1MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 17 (May/June 1980)
      Date of publication: June 1980
      Description/subject: BUILDING BLOCKS FOR ALTERNATIVE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIE - A PROGRESS REPORT FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM PROJECT:- Part I: Alternatives for survivors: * Menace and hope... *The four spaces of development... *Battlefields... *Establishing and enforcing accountability..... Part II : Markings from the process: *The process and the network... *Index of papers published in IFDA Dossier 1 to 16...*annotated list of activities..... Like -previous issues, this IFDA Dossier is not covered by any copyright. Its contents may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without permission of IFDA. In case of reprint, acknowledgement of source and receipt of a copy would be appreciated. IFDA Dossier is published bi-monthly. This issue is printed in three editions. The French and Spanish editions are scheduled to be mailed in May.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (2.1MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 18 (July/August 1980)
      Date of publication: August 1980
      Description/subject: BUILDING BLOCKS: Value for people: the potential role of a consumer movement in the Third World (Khor Kok Peng)... Haifa (Lynah Hamadeh)... An alternative future for Malta (Peter Serracino Inglott, Grupp Alternattivi)... "Overcompensation or expropriation?" - Foreign investments in the Third World (Maurice A. Odle) ... Cooperation for development in South Asia: a programme of subregional collective self-reliance (Marga Institute)... North-South interdependence, development and trade (G. Chichilnisky)... A review of the North-South negotiating process: Assessment and policy conclusions (Arjun Sengupta and the Centre for Research on the New International Economic Order)... MARCAS EN EL CAMINO:Una perspectiva latinoamericana. Liberación y autonomía en la década del 80 (Juan Somavía)..... INTERACTIONS: Déclaration de Dakar... Quelques remarques sur la maîtrise des besoins (Serge Antoine)... Expériences... Social ecology and dual economy (Joseph Huber)... The myth of private business in Third World countries (A. K. Ventura)... Basic needs, poverty and government policies in Sri Lanka (P. Richards and W. Gooneratne) - A review by Leelananda de Silva... Peasants in power: Alexander Stamboliski and the Bulgarian Agrarian National Union, 1899-1923 (John D. Bell) A review by Andràs Biró... MATERIALS RECEIVED..... FOOTNOTES / NOTES / NOTAS.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (2.2MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 19 (September/October 1980)
      Date of publication: October 1980
      Description/subject: INTRODUCTORY NOTE..... BUILDING BLOCKS / MATÉRIAUX: Authoritarianism and development: A global perspective (Graciela Chichilnisky, Richard Falk, José Serra)... The neo-fascist state: Notes on the pathology of power in the Third World (Eqbal Ahmad)... Pour une évaluation du projet des journées internationales : Pourquoi est-il nécessaire de le continuer? (F. Whitaker Ferreira) ... Growth and development: The Norwegian experience, 1830-1980 (T. Bergh, T.J. Janish, E. Lange, H.O. Pharo)... Possibilities for voluntary reduction of private consumption and change in lifestyles (Toralf Ekelund)... Toward alternative tourism in Kenya (S.E. Migot-Adholla)... An Asian panorama of peasant oppression (Baljit Malik)... World military expenditures, 1980 ..... MARKINGS: The Arusha initiative: A call for a United Nations conference on international money and finance..... INTERACTIONS: No more Indian seafood (Matanhy Saldanha)... The appropriate technology of food protein (N.W. Pirie)... Lettuce: Food, money, energy (Donald S. Leeper)... Labour movement tourism won\'t stop multinationals... Expériences... Reactions to previous Dossiers (A.K. Gupta)...A proposal for research on destabilization (André Gunder Frank)... The murder of Walter Rodney: \"Don\'t mourne\" (Roy Preiswerk)... L'éviction de Joseph Ki-Zerbo (Jean Ziegler)..... MATERIALS RECEIVED..... FOOTNOTES / NOTES / NOTAS.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin editor)
      Language: English; Français
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (2.1MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 2 (November 1978)
      Date of publication: November 1978
      Description/subject: CONTENTS: INTRODUCTORY NOTE; ON-GOING PROJECTS; BUILDING BLOCKS: Crises of maldevelopment in the North: A way out (Ignacy Sachs)... The unimportance of full employment (Gunnar Adler-Karlsson)... Industrialization strategies and policies, (Francois Le Guay).... Basic Human Needs: A strategic conceptualization toward another development, (Reginald Herbold Green)...INTERACTIONS: Unheard voices (Leelanandade Silva).... The IBRD World Development Report (Reginald Herbold Green).... The CDP Approach to a New Strategy (Leelananda de Silva).... The UN Conference on Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries (Chakravarthi Raghavan)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.3MB)
      Date of entry/update: 24 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 20 (November/December 1980)
      Date of publication: December 1980
      Description/subject: INTRODUCTORY NOTE..... BUILDING BLOCKS / MATÉRIAUX: The winds of change - from an information embargo to a national survey of information needs and resources in Egypt (Ossama A. El-Kholy)... Science and technology in India: An alternate perspective (K. Seetharam, V. Shiva and J. Bandyopadhyay)... Quelle industrialisation pour le Tiers Monde? (Abdel 1atif Benachenhou)... Conséquences sociales de l'industrialisation dans les pays du Tiers Monde (Pierre Judet)... Industrial restructuring and development cooperation in the Netherlands (Ben Evers)... Reorienting jute policy in Bangladesh (Qazi K. Ahmad)... Strategies for the future of Africa... Human rights: Bases for a new system of safeguard (Alvaro Bunster)..... INTERACTIONS: Vers un développement participé en milieu urbain (Ben Mahdi Cissé)... Le mouvement de base (Jac de Bruyn et Roger Jacobs)... Les femmes civilisatrices (Diana Senghor)... Les femmes et les jeunes filles de M'Harza (Tunisie centrale) face au changement (A. Ben Choura)... Pugwash and the third system (Kwee Swan-Liat)... The value of energy decisions (Laszlo Bodnar)... Pesticide dumping progress report... Aid that doesn't (Frances Moore Lappé, Joseph Collins and David Kinley)... The lesson from OPEC... A letter from the association of work cooperatives of New South Wales (Australia)... International engineering ethics project ... Méditerranée: Vision, drame, espoir (Mahdi Elmandjra)..... MATERIALS RECEIVED.....FOOTNOTES / NOTES / NOTAS
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (2.4MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 21 (January/February 1981)
      Date of publication: February 1981
      Description/subject: INTRODUCTORY NOTE..... BUILDING BLOCKS: Another development with women... Travails of migrant tribal women (D. Bandyopadhyay)... L\\\'AFARD, Une association de femmes \\\"chercheurs\\\"... The women\\\'s movement after Copenhagen (Eva Zabolai-Csekme)... Women\\\'s international press service (WIPS)... Copenhagen: What are the questions? (Krishna Ahooja-Patel)... Global negotiations: Waiting for Godot? (Juan Somavia)... A new world employment plan (J. Tinbergen, J.M. den Uyl, J.P. Pronk and W. Kok)..... MARKINGS: \\\"New international economic order: What does development really mean to women?\\\" (Lucille M. Mair)..... INTERACTIONS: Brave and angry - the international consumer movement\\\'s response to TNCs (Anwar Fazal)... The population fix (Frances Moore Lappe)... Technology: Third World can cure or control diseases with proper drug policies (Chakravarthi Raghavan)... Water and sanitation for all?... Total Warfare against illiteracy in Nicaragua (Marcos Arruda)..... MATERIALS RECEIVED..... FOOTNOTES / NOTES / NOTAS.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.5MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 22 (March/April 1981)
      Date of publication: April 1981
      Description/subject: INTRODUCTORY NOTE: Brief for the North-South Summit (Mahbub ul Haq)..... BUILDING BLOCKS / MATÉRIAUX: Development problems in the Scandinavian periphery (Jussi Raumolin)... L\'économie cachee: Esquisse d\'une problématique (Ignacy Sachs)... Concentration in industrial sector: Achilles\' heel of land reform (Kamal Nayan Kabra)... The transition toward self-reliance: Some thoughts on the role of people\'s organizations (Brian Mac Cali)... Global commons and global wastelands: An idea for unifying the approach to a new world resource transfer system (H.M.R. Brewster)... INTERACTIONS: Donald l\'imposteur ou 1\'imperialisme raconté aux enfants (Simone Forster)... The political implications of child participation: Steps toward a participatory society (Simón Nicholson and Raymond Lorenzo)... Social-cultural implications for Europe of another development model in the 1980s: A project on participation (NIO Youth, Amsterdam)... Planning for the urban ecosphere (Tjeerd Deelstra)... Projet de création et de fonctionnement d\'un atelier d\'innovations solidaires (Jean-Claude Hamelet)... Swedish debate on maldevelopment (Nordal Akerman)... Peace Charter (Peter Codogan)... A RANDOM SAMPLE OF SPIN OFFS FROM IFDA DOSSIERS..... MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION..... FOOTNOTES / NOTES / NOTAS.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.5MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 23 (May/June 1981)
      Date of publication: June 1981
      Description/subject: INTRODUCTORY NOTE:.....BUILDING BLOCKS / MATÉRIAUX: Issues in community organization (K. Constantino-David)... Problématique de l'eau en milieu rural ivoirien et aspects méthodologiques de l'animation rurale (Daniel Kadja)... Las mujeres toman la palabra: Una comunicación alternativa femenina (Adriana Santa Cruz)... Central American dilemma (Pierre Schori)..... MARKINGS: The doomsday clock doser to twelve (Inga Thorsson)..... INTERACTIONS: A proposal for a disarmament strategy of women and other citizens (Hilkka Pietila)... The Itaici message on transnational corporations... Industrialisation of Third World for benefit of TNCs or people?(Chakravarthi Raghavan)... Small fishermen meet at Kuantan, Malaysia (Danieul Mudali)... On ne finit pas d'apprendre (interview de Mahdi Elmandjra)... Un contingent pour la fonction publique? (Vona Friedman)... Le Centre d'études pour le développement africain..... MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION..... FOOTNOTES / NOTES / NOTAS.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.5MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 24 (July/August 1981)
      Date of publication: August 1981
      Description/subject: INTRODUCTORY NOTE: Another development in Grenada..... BUILDING BLOCKS / MATÉRIAUX: Self-management as a development alternative: Reflections on the Peruvian experience (Martin J. Scurrah and Mario Padron)... Les enjeux de la vie associative en France (Solange Passaris)... Co-opting Freire: A critical analysis of pseudo-Freirean adult education (Ross Kidd and Krishna Kumar)... Land reforms in West Bengal (D. Bandyopadhyay) ... L\'économie algérienne entre l\'autonomie et la dépendance 53 (Abdel 1 atif Benachenhou).... MARKINGS: OPEC and the Third World (Ibrahim Shihata).....INTERACTIONS: World conference on the trade union role in development... Arms, the economy, and employment (Mike George)... Economics, development and the consumer (Khor Kok Peng)... Greetings and comments (Anil K. Gupta)... A new world employment plan (Theo Ruyter) ... \'No woman no cry\' (Ann R. Mattis)..... MATERIALS RECEIVED..... FOOTNOTES / NOTES / NOTAS.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.7MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 25 (September/October 1981)
      Date of publication: October 1981
      Description/subject: INTRODUCTORY NOTE: World food day..... BUILDING BLOCKS / MATÉRIAUX: L'emploi des femmes dans une perspective de changements sociaux et de libération des femmes: le cas de l'Afrique (M.A. Savane)... SAM: The Mexican food system... Who is ignorant? Re-thinking food and nutrition education under 31 changing socio-economic conditions (IUNS Workshop)... Breast is best (IBFAN) ..... REPÈRES / MARKINGS: La nouvelle politique française de coopération pour le développement (Jean-Pierre Cot)... Manifesto of Nobel Prize winners..... INTERACTIONS: Third World: the novel as a tool in the search for a new information order (Sonia Mills)... Kuala Juru - a people's cooperative... Towards a new style in North-South relations: the example of alternative tourism (L.A. Dernoi)... Como producir sus propios alimentos en la ciudad: la experiencia de la casa ecologica (Juan Robert)...Interrogations sur le déterminisme du développement (P. Pascallon)...Is the "Arusha Initiative" the answer? (Ali Abdalla Ali)... Alternative possibilities for handling balance of payments and debt crises: a Third World monetary fund (Richard L. Kitchen)... Planetary networking (Hazel Henderson)..... FOOTNOTES / NOTES / NOTAS.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.7MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 26 (November/December 1981)
      Date of publication: December 1981
      Description/subject: INTRODUCTORY NOTE: CODEV - Communications for Development... Ismail-Sabri Abdalla in jail.....BUILDING BLOCKS / MATÉRIAUX: The Third World in the crisis - Arab Alternative Futures (Ismail-Sabri Abdalla)... Nicaragua 1981: Internai challenges and external threats (M. Arruda)... Alternate development strategies for Koraput (Vinod Vyasulu... Technology, \\\"another education\\\" and development in Africa (Rita 41 Kashopë Dixon Fyle)..... MARKINGS: Development human rights and the rule of law (I.C.J.).....INTERACTIONS: La coopération pour le développement et la paix (Ahmed Ben Salah)... Human rights: the silent victims (Asma Ben Hamida)... Black is the colour of my TV tube (Claude Robinson)... Fear, anxiety and hate we still keep... The new wave of the International Consumer Movement... The politics of the solar age (Hazel Henderson)... Proposal for the creation in Brasil of a centre for the study and promotion of urban and rural alternatives (Manfred A. Max-Neef)..... MATERIAL RECEIVED..... FOOTNOTES / NOTES / NOTAS..... INDEX - Dossiers 17-26.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.4MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 27 (January/February 1982)
      Date of publication: February 1982
      Description/subject: CONTENTS: INTRODUCTORY NOTE: Year Five .....BUILDING BLOCKS / MATÉRIAUX / LADRILLOS: La participaciôn popular en America Latina (L.A. Gomez de Souza)... The role of anthropologists in rural development (Hari Mohan Mathur)... The internationalisation of production and Trade Union policy (Werner Olle)... The NIEO : An Eastern European point of view (Leon Zurawicki)... Towards a Mediterranean scientific community (Jeremy Boissevain)..... MARKINGS / REPÈRES: No development without peace, no peace without development (Mohammed Bedjaoui)... PMA : Attention aux supercheries (Edgard Pisani).....INTERACTIONS: Foundation for Education with Production... Un réseau de consultants africains (Mukoka Nsenda)... Recife, une proposition politique (Luiz Otavio de Melo Cavalcanti)... Health Action International... The voices of all peoples (Claudette Earle)... The Trade and Development Report (Chakravarthi Raghavan)... Letter (John Knesl)... FOOTNOTES / NOTES / NOTAS.....MATERIAL RECEIVED ..... Contributions to the IFDA Dossier are presented under the responsibility of their authors. They are not covered by any copyright. They may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without permission of the authors or IFDA. In case of reprint, acknowledgement of source and receipt of a copy would be appreciated. IFDA Dossier is published bi-monthly.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.5MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 28 (March/April 1982)
      Date of publication: April 1982
      Description/subject: CONTENTS: INTRODUCTORY NOTE: Beyond Yalta..... BUILDING BLOCKS: Another development in Poland (Piotr Zeydler-Zborowski)... Tradition and modernity in the development of Non-European national cultures (Attila Agh)... The world as a trading place - On cultural presuppositions and effects of the Lomé Convention (Wolf-Dieter Just)... The arms race is incompatible with the NIEO (Inga Thorsson)... The antinuclear-war movement (George Kennan)... Nuclear weapons and the end of democracy (Richard Falk)..... MARKINGS: Development and justice (Alfredo Novak)..... INTERACTIONS: The role of financial policies in the transition to socialism (Stephany Griffith-Jones)... Stratégies alternatives de développement de la région méditerranéenne - Relations entre les stratégies nationales, régionales et mondiales (Samir Amin)... Native Americans\\\' struggle for survival (Mario de Cautin)... Lokayan... Disarm or die..... FOOTNOTES / NOTES / NOTAS.....MATERIALS RECEIVED...... Contributions to the IFDA Dossier are presented under the responsibility of their authors. They are not covered by any copyright. They may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without permission of the authors or IFDA. In case of reprints acknowledgement of source and receipt of a copy would be appreciated. IFDA Dossier is published bi-monthly.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.6MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 29 (May/June 1982)
      Date of publication: June 1982
      Description/subject: CONTENTS: EDITORIAL: Stockholm + 10..... BUILDING BLOCKS: Science and technology capability building in the Third World countries - Some issues (Abdus Salam, B.M. Udgaonkar)... Transnationals, intelligence and development (Steven Dedijer)... Chile - La burguesia emergente (Ricardo Lagos0... Working women in Asia today: The three immobilities (Krishna Ahooja-Patel) ..... MARKINGS: The most urgent priority: The protection of human life (Theo van Boven)..... INTERACTIONS: Ten years after Stockholm: A non-governmental appraisal (Jimoh Omo-Fadaka)... Science and oppression (Claude Alvares)... Technology and equity in black holes (Ward Morehouse)... A critique of development patterns in Mindanao (Eduardo C. Tadem)... Perspectives du dialogue Nord/Sud (Idriss Jazairy)... The EEC's inconsistent development policy (Yôjana Sharma)... Fertilizer import procurement in Asia: A case for collective self-reliance (R. Coster)... Grenada: Women moving forward (Merle Hodge)... Indian women in struggle (Manoshi Mitra)... A women's South-North dialogue..... FOOTNOTES..... MATERIALS RECEIVED.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.8MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 3 (January 1979)
      Date of publication: January 1979
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.3MB)
      Date of entry/update: 24 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 30 (July/August 1982)
      Date of publication: August 1982
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: Risorgimento?..... BUILDING BLOCKS: • Self-reliance in unexpected places (Roy Preiswerk)... • Popular theatre, conscientization and struggle (Ross Kidd)... • Perverse growth and maldevelopment - Lessons from Poland\'s collapse (Ignacy Sachs)..... MATÉRIAUX: • L\'administration rurale en Afrique peut-elle devenir l\'instrument d\'un véritable développement? (Jacques Bugnicourt)... • Development options of the Arab oil exporting countries (Ali Attiga)..... MARKINGS : • Human needs and self-reliance are the two pillars of development says the Chamber of Deputies of Italy..... INTERACTIONS: • About understanding - Ideas and observations on cross-cultural communication (Sven Hamrell)... • Mass media et pression idéologique - Le point de vue de Pape Jean-Paul II... • The coffee system - A challenge to Christians (Marcos Arruda)... • Canada: God and Mammon - Churches battle the banks (Antoine Char)... • An innovative service for the popular movements (IBASE)... • United States: Grassroots movement for the \'nuclear freeze\' (Cary Sacks)... • The newly industrialized countries: A \"sixth pole\"? (Pierre Drouin)..... FOOTNOTES / NOTES / NOTAS..... MATERIALS RECEIVED.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (804K)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 31 (September/October 1982
      Date of publication: October 1982
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: Un autre développement avec les femmes.....BUILDING BLOCKS/MATERIAUX: Alphabétisation contre les "analphabètes"? (Majid Rahnema)... The theory and practice of participatory action research (Muhammad Anisur Rahman)... Participatory research, popular knowledge and power (Budd L. Hall)... La dimension cultural del desarrollo (Sergio Spoerer)... On the interaction between cultural elements, political institutions and life styles (Gunnar Adler-Karlsson)..... MARKINGS: South-South Option - The 1982 Third World lecture delivered by Julius K. Nyerere..... INTERACTIONS: The yin and yang of Asian women... The WHO international code of marketing of breast-milk substitutes - A time for reevaluation (Ted Greiner)... Launched! A movement to right wrongs with right products (IOCU)... The law and the consumer (Pahang Association of Consumers)... Ethnic diversity of mono-culturalism - The struggle for Africa (Jimoh Omo-Fadaka)... The Minority Rights Group... The mysterious whistling language of the Mazateca Indians... US Admiral Rickover: I would sink all my nuclear-powered ships... Risks of unintentional war..... MATERIALS RECEIVED.....FOOTNOTES / NOTES / NOTAS
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.7MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 32 (November/December 1982)
      Date of publication: December 1982
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: To our readers..... BUILDING BLOCKS/MATERIAUX: Décentralisation et planification du développement endogène (Olivier Godard)... Participatory research and technology assessment by the people (Vandana Shiva and Jayanto Bandyopadhyay)... La démocratie dans les sociétés traditionnelles et dans les nouveaux états africains : Recherche pour une autre voie de 1'auto-développement (Daniel Kadja Mianno)... The rational use of drugs in the Third World - The example of Bangladesh (a Health Action International briefing paper)..... MARKINGS: A message of support for life..... INTERACTIONS: Common security : A programme for disarmament (Olof Palme)... Principes de la politique ouest-allemande de coopération au développement... Communications and development in the 80s (Roberto Savio)... El primer programa de estudios de la comunicacion (ILET)... L'immigration vers les pays industrialisés, facteur structurel d'appauvrissement des pays d'émigration (Silvia Boba)... Statistics for the people (Ian Miles)... Colombia : 'Carmen Carrascal', a feminist film about a peasant artisan (Maria Isabel Garcia)..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM/NOUVELLES DU TIERS SYSTEME: L'Association sénégalaise de recherche et d'assistance pour le développement communautaire (ASRADEC)... Avis de recherche..... FOOTNOTES / NOTES / NOTAS..... MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: nternational foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (2.1MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 33 (January/February 1983)
      Date of publication: February 1983
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: Pouvoirs..... BUILDING BLOCKS/LADRILLOS: Communicating and development (Smitu Kothari and Jai Sen) ... Popular theatre and popular struggle in Kenya: the story of the Kamiriithu community educational and cultural centre (Ross Kidd) ... Project Answer - an organisational framework for integrated rural development (Felicia Ifeoma Ekejiuba)... Chile: Como salir de la crisis (Propuestas democrats cristianas)... Alternatives and politics - political alternatives (Erhard Eppler) ....... REPÈRES: Rencontres sur les communautés culturelles (Joseph Ki-Zerbo)..... INTERACTIONS/INTERACCIONES: Somos 45 milliones de Indios en Sudamerica (Abraham Lama) ... Colombia: No more "Mrs. So-and-So"... Jamaica in search of a third path to development (Claude Robinson)... Asilah: The cultural road to development (Asma Ben Hamida)... Whatever happened at Lucas?... Crisis si, benefits no (Chakravarthi Raghavan)... Some limitations of NICs export-led growth from a world perspective (Andre Gunder Frank)... State trading organisations and producers' associations as instruments to expand South-South co-operation (R. Coster)..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM : Seven years of IFDA activities... Cardinal Arns of Brazil receives human rights award... IRDISP ..... MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION..... footnotes/notes/notas.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.6MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 34 (March/April 1983)
      Date of publication: April 1983
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: Where change begins..... BUILDING BLOCKS/MATÉRIAUX" The world crisis and the challenge for the nonaligned (C. Raghavan)... Popular song, the recording industry and their alternative facets (Fernando Reyes Matta)... Iran: Mythes et réalités d'une révolution (Chahrokh Vaziri)... New age world governance (William N. Ellis)..... MARKINGS: Who can stop the apocalypse? (Rudolf Bahro)..... INTERACTIONS: L'alternative: Constats, questions, espoirs (Ahmed Ben Salah)... Pour une sortie à gauche de la crise (Samir Amin)... Under conditions of humanquake (Robert Jungk)... Jobs for tomorrow, the potential for substituting manpower for energy (Walter R. Stahel & Genevieve Reday-Mulvey)... Problèmes d'information en Afrique (Maryse Condé)... Sri Lanka: The young females cheapest of the cheap Third World labour (Feizal Samath)... Aid to Marcos' Philippines backfiring, new study charges..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: IFDA: new officers... Alternative Nobel prize... India: a citizen report on the environment... Indigenous people challenge transnationals on resource development..... footnotes/notes/notas..... MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.7MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 35 (May/June 1983)
      Date of publication: June 1983
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: The only way to peace (Petra Kelly)..... BUILDING BLOCKS/MATÉRIAUX: Conflicts in access to food (Amartya K. Sen)... Techno-economic intelligence for development (Francisco R. Sagasti)... Technique and women's toil (Valentina Borremans)... Islam, technologie et développement (Bichara Khader)..... MARKINGS: Beating swords into ploughshares - The Lucas experiment described from inside (Mike Cooley)..... INTERACTIONS: If the era of full employment is over, what will come next? (James Robertson)... Revival of non-monetary economy makes economic growth unnecessary in the small industrialized countries (K. Pulliainen/H. Pietila)... Alin Sitooye, a symbol of women's resistance to colonialism (F. Sow)... Les femmes et la crise alimentaire en Afrique (M.A. Savane)... Madrés de Plaza Mayo - MPM - Mothers of Plaza Mayo (R. Martine)... Unions' solidarity with Chile... The food-energy nexus sub-programme: Seeking local solutions to a global problem..... NOTICIAS DEL TERCER SISTEMA / NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: Venezuela: CEREL... India: Development Alternatives... UK: Turning point... What is TIE?... Le monde que nous choisissons... IFDA seminar on another development in Grenada..... footnotes/notes/notas..... MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.7MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 36 (July/August 1983)
      Date of publication: August 1983
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: Communications..... BUILDING BLOCKS/MATÉRIAUX: Indian ethnic movements and state policies in Latin America (Rodolfo Stavenhagen)... L’état contre l’ethnicité - une nouvelle arme: le développement exclusion (Afsaneh Eghbal)... Science transfer versus technology transfer (Stevan Dedijer)... Non-alignment: facing the ’information age'(Breda Pavlic)... Whither Japan? (Tsuru Shigeto)..... MARCAS EN EL CAMINO: Un desafio a los sociologos (Fernando Henrique Cardoso)..... INTERACTIONS: The Rome declaration on communication for democracy and development... Innovative communication strategy for development (V.K. Dubey)... Où va l’information? (Mahdi Elmandjra)... Popular theatre dialogue... An agenda for the South? (Leelananda de Silva)... Letters: A reverse sex-bias in developmental paradigm?... L'alternative: spécificité et mouvements sociaux... Do we need"barefoot economists”? (Mats Kihlberg)..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM / NOUVELLES DU TIERS SYSTÈME: IOC: An international network of people for self-reliance... Groupe de recherche pour une stratégie économique alternative... CETIM - Centre Europe-Tiers Monde... Technologie et développement: un séminaire d'échanges... International workshops of the Foundation Lelio Basso... footnotes/notes/notas .....MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.7MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 37 (September/October 1983)
      Date of publication: October 1983
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: Gandhi....BUILDING BLOCKS: Eco-pedagogics and the commons (Ivan Illich)... Dealing with resistance on the path to peace (Willis W. Harman)... Gandhi and contemporary thinking on development (S.P. Varma)..... MARKINGS: A children's revolution for 6 billion dollars a year (or 1% of world military expenditure) (James P. Grant)..... INTERACTIONS: Childhood as an entity (Godfrey Gunatilleke) ...SAMSAM - Experience of nine years making a development education magazine for children (Bob van Opzeeland)... The day the children put out the world's newspapers (Ricardo Grassi)... Why do children play war? (Jorge Gillies)... Towards "another development" based on locally generated concrete utopias (Raymond Lorenzo) 63 . Background to OPEC's current crisis - Who benefits really? (Paul Aarts/Michael Renner)... "Gandhi": Film as theology (Anand Patwardhan)... Vivre chez soi et vivre mieux (au Sénégal)..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: Third World PDAs meet in Lima... The activities of DESCO, the Centro des estudios y promocion del desarrollo, Lima, Peru... New President for CEBRAP appointed... FOOTNOTES/NOTES/NOTAS 87 MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.9MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 38 (November/December 1983)
      Date of publication: December 1983
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: Political murder in Grenada (Marc Nerfin).....BUILDING BLOCKS: Environment, development, disarmament: towards a global tomorrow (Inga Thorsson)... Development means structural adjustment (Amir H. Jamal)... Latin American integration: from import substitution to market efficiency (Diana Tussie)...Policing the global trade in dangerous products (Lim Siang Jin and Dexter Tiranti)..... INTERACTIONS: What futures work? Make it simple (Gôran Backstrand)... South-South cooperation: a peaceful decolonization of the future (Mahdi Elmandjra)... What after UNCTAD VI? (Chakravarthi Raghavan)... From UNCTAD to Lome - the ECC and the North-South dialogue (Yojana Sharma) ... A South-South strategy (Leelananda de Silva)... An ecumenical approach to economics (Anne Buchanan) ... Left-hand drive: shopfloor internationalism and the auto industry...Les structures du quotidien et la crise (Ignacy Sachs)..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: A world conference of fishermen?... Sahabat Alam Malaysia... CLA: El Consejo latinoamericano y del Caribe para la autogestion... The Marga Institute is ten years old... Institute for world order/World policy institute... Le syndicat du BIT contre les complices de l’apartheid... footnotes/notes/notas .... INDEX of papers published in IFDA Dossier 27 to 38..... MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.6MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 39 (January/February 1984)
      Date of publication: February 1984
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: Third system associations plan stronger networking..... BUILDING BLOCKS/MATERIAUX/LADRILLOS: Gandhi - Coming back from West to East? (Detlef Kantovsky)... Arquitectos para otto desarrollo (John F.C. Turner)...L'économie cachée, conflits sociaux et l'avenir des sociétés industrielles (Michel Schiray)... Alternative development communication efforts for science education in rural India (Shashi R. Pandey)... An essay on the nuclear muddle of our time (Narindar Singh)..... MARKINGS: Democracy is the alternative (Ernst Michanek)..... INTERACTIONS/INTERACTIONS: Australia's future (Keith D. Suter)... Chilean women for 'democracy in the country and at home' (Ana Maria Foxley)... 230 million women in Third World suffer from nutritional anaemia (Peter Ozorio)... Poverty line (M.K. Tikku)... Peru: Indian communities & cooperatives threatened (A. Lama)... Un manifeste pour l'émancipation (Markus Scharli)... The law of the seed (Pat Roy Mooney)..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: The role of people's associations in housing improvement... AHAS: enabling people... India: the Avard foundation for rural development (AFFORD)... The AG SPAK... Lovins, Palau Chief, Chilean share 'Alternative Nobel Prize'... Peace News for nonviolent revolution..... MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION..... F00TN0TES/N0TES/N0TAS.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.4MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 4 (February 1979)
      Date of publication: February 1979
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (Editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.5MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 40 (March/April 1984)
      Date of publication: April 1984
      Description/subject: ANNOUNCEMENT: J Justinian F. Rweyemamu memorial award.....BUILDING BLOCKS: The global transition to the solar age (Hazel Henderson)...Wages, hours and working conditions in Asian free trade zones (Charles Ford)...Development cooperation awareness in European cities (IULA and NCO)... Papuan canoes (Andrew Sheen)..... INTERACCI ONES/INTERACTIONS: Ecodesarrollo, el pensamiento del decenio (M. Marino de Botero)...The law of the seed (Chakravarthi Raghavan) - Action in the FAO (Asma Ben Hamida)... Peace and development (Bjorn Hettne)...Towards another nutrition education (Mark Mosio and Wenche Barth Eide)...Les identités menacées: la communauté musulmane en France (Ahmed Fouatih) ... IMF policies out of date, says ODI (Leelananda de Silva)... Health: Third World becoming a pharmaceutical garbage bin... Readers\\\' letters..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: Noted Mexican anthropologist victim of frame-up... Brazil: Grupo comunitario Rodeio Bonito... International inventors awards 1986... Self-reliant project management... Big party to celebrate world’s disarmament... FOOTNOTES/NOTES/NOTAS.....MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.5MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 41 (May/June 1984)
      Date of publication: June 1984
      Description/subject: AVIS: Le Prix Justinian F. Rweyemamu 1985..... BUILDING BLOCKS/MATERIAUX/LADRILL0S: Peace movement in USA (Elise Boulding)... Los movimientos por la paz en America Latina (J. Osorio V.)... Développer sans abîmer (Bernard Lédéa Ouedraogo)... Lokayan, dialogue of the people..... INTERACTIONS: The troubled waters of Laguna Lake (Fishermen's Alliance in Rizal)... Asian women and the struggle for justice (APHD)... Science and technology in Indian culture (A. Rahman)... Technological transfer and the growth process in the Third World - a myth or a reality? (J.E. Udo Ndebbio)... Evaluation and participation in adult education (M. Wesseler)... Workers' self-management and participation in decision- making as a factor of development (ICPE)... Readers' letters..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: New action campaigns launched on baby foods issue... The pesticides handbook... A transnational conference and network... Policies towards a just, participatory and sustainable society... Rural life conference: lessons from rural Europe... European institute of local development and decentralized planning... AHAS - Enabling people..... F00TN0TES/N0TES/N0TAS..... MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.5MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 42 (July/August 1984)
      Date of publication: August 1984
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: pages de journal (M.N.)..... BUILDING BLOCKS/LADRILLOS: Ashok or Nero? Governments confronted with the militarization of outer space (Muchkund Dubey)... Sweden re-thinks care in society (Marten Lagergren)... Theatre as a tool for communication (Dickson M. Mwansa)... Por que atender a la autoconstruccion independiente (Jaime Nisnovich)..... MARKINGS: Superpower intervention in the Third World: the US case (Richard A. Falk)..... INTERACTIONS: The impact of the economic crisis on children (UNICEF)... Environmental crisis in Asia-Pacific (SAM seminar)... World military and social expenditures 1983 (the 9th Sivard report)... De la medina à la ville (Bichara Khader)... India: degradation and development (Chakravarthi Raghavan) International commodity control - a contemporary history and appraisal (Leelananda de Silva)... Letters..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: The Asia-Pacific people's environment network... The Chingleput rural women's social education centre... A women’s information and communication service... 1984 census of “world problems”... The UNU/lFDA urban self-reliance project..... FOOTNOTES/NOTES/NOTAS..... MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.4MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 43 (September/October 1984)
      Date of publication: October 1984
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: US vs UN? (Marc Nerfin)..... BUILDING BLOCKS/MATERIAUX: Women's peace movement as an innovative proponent of the peace movement as a whole (Hilkka Pietila)... L'aide étrangére vue des pays 'receveurs' (Rajaona Andriamananjara)... Third World comes of age and faces new challenges (Chakravarthi Raghavan)..... MARKINGS: The real challenge of '1984' (Shridath Ramphal)..... INTERACTIONS/INTERACCIONES: The grassroots of the future (Majid Rahnema)... El despertar de los pobladores (Margarita Pacheco M.)... La dimension culturelle du développement (A.M. M'Bow)... Dutch transnational corporations in India (K. Lieten)... Diffusion de technologie et idéologie de la modernisation (Michel Thiollent)..... Letters..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: Asian Regional Exchange for New Alternatives (ARENA)... The International Centre for Ethnic Studies (ICES)... Les services juridiques en milieu rural (CIJ)... Le centre Josué de Castro... An outline of Japanese non-governmental organizations in development cooperation... Association France-Asie du Sud (AFAS)... European IBFAN groups launch Milupa campaign... Earth construction technologies colloquium in Belgium..... F00TN0TES..... MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.5MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 44 (November/December 1984)
      Date of publication: December 1984
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: Pour un nouveau dialogue Nord-Sud (Marc Nerf in)..... BUILDING BLOCKS/MATERIAUX/LADRILLOS: The Group of 77 as an indispensable instrument of the Third World (Manuel Perez Guerrero)...El Grupo de los 77, autoafirmaciôn colectiva, interés nacional y principio de responsibilidad (Diego Luis Castellanos)...Conversion from military to civil production in Sweden (Inga Thorsson)... Quelle coopération internationale? (Robert Vachon)..... MARKINGS: Brazilians, what are we? (Celso Furtado)..... INTERACTIONS: Meeting the corporate challenge (Institute for Policy Studies)... Sisters-in-arms (Vibhuti Patel)... Le féminisme: fruit de la pensée universelle (M.A. Savané)... Fishworkers get a chance to speak (APPEN)... Effects of IMF on the Filipino people (Ma. Theresa Diokno)..... Letters/lettres..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: 5 billion consumers organizing for change... How to feed the world: new coalition aims at real issues... Il était une fois Solagral... La place des femmes dans les stratégies alimentaires...L'association pour le retour et la réinsertion des Africains migrants (AFRAM)... Educatlón popular, tecnologías campesinas y organización... India: Service Centre..... FOOTNOTES.....MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION ..... PAROLE DE FEMME
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.5MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 45 (January/February 1985)
      Date of publication: February 1985
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: United Nations: the next 40years (Marc Nerfin).....LOCAL SPACE: Los campesinos ante el embate tecnologico (Andrés Aubry)... Notes on participatory technology development (J. Galvez Tan)... Communitarian alternatives for Brazilian crisis (C. Aveline)..... NATIONAL SPACE: In search of a future for the Nordic countries (J.E. Nilsson)..... THIRD WORLD SPACE: Utopia and reality of South-South economic cooperation (F. Bracho)... Gikuyu novel receives Noma Award in Zimbabwe (C. Lowe Moraa)..... GLOBAL SPACE: Adjustment via austerity: is there an alternative? (N.P. Girvan) ... The European nuclear disarmament convention in Perugia (R. Falk) ... Refugees: a global justice issue (Michael J. Schultheis)... Le programme d'avenir pour le Tiers Monde du SPD (Uwe Holtz)... A Finnish proposal for an international mini-NIEO symposium... The declaration of Ambiorix (Joint Task Force)... Central America: towards a European presence? (Yojana Sharma)..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: The Maurice Bishop Foundation: continuing Grenada's revolution... Femmes, communications, développement... Carlos (Karl) Gaspar... FIAN: Urgent actions against hunger and oppression... "Alternative Nobel Prize" to four women... ENDA: Environnement et développement du Tiers Monde... Ghana: Center for development of people (CEDEP)... Philippines: Agency for community educational services (ACES)... France: Le Gret - pour un développement autocentré..... LETTERS.....FOOTNOTES.....MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.6MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 46 (March/April 1985)
      Date of publication: April 1985
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: No more Bhopal.....LOCAL SPACE: Why my mother died illiterate (Ajaga & Katherine L. Nji)... Movimientos régionales en Bolivia (G. Flores y R. Laserna)... Beyond cultural diversity, women face some problems (ICES)... Bolivie: les radios minières..... NATIONAL SPACE: Democracy, societal transformations in the systems age and advanced economic systems (Robley E. George)... How far are we from socialism? (Piotr Zeydler-Zborowski)..... THIRD WORLD SPACE: Integration of modern and traditional technologies for development (Arnoldo K. Ventura)..... GLOBAL SPACE: The crisis of multilateral aid - some reflections (L. de Silva)...Can the debt (and nuclear) bomb(s) be defused? (A. Gunder Frank)... A worldwide alert and monitoring of hazardous industries..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: Third World Academy of Sciences ... World Food Assembly: the start of a real process of cooperation for the third system?... Asia: the Law and Society Trust... Argentina: the Club del Hornero seeks interaction... Arabia: Cermae... Canada: le Centre interculturel Monchanin... France: l'Institut Belleville... USA: Trickle Up Program (TUP)..... LETTERS.....FOOTNOTES.....MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.9MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 47 (May/June 1985)
      Date of publication: June 1985
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: Majority must take lead in remaking UN (Maurice F. Strong)..... LOCAL SPACE: Against professionalism (Ramesh Manandhar)... Regenerative zones (Medard Gabel & Robert Rodale)... People economic organizations in Chile (Mariana Schkolnik)..... NATIONAL SPACE: Educating women: the case of Morocco (Zakia Beihachmi)... The Greens in Italy (Alexander Langer)... L’assemblée fédérale des verts allemands (Cristina Herz)..... THIRD WORLD SPACE: Desarme en America Latina: utopia o realismo? (Juan Somavia)... Lutte contre la faim en zone sahélo-somalienne (ENDA) 49 The rise of the authoritarian state (Claude Robinson)..... GLOBAL SPACE: The South: a part of our security (Thorvald Stoltenberg)...Mouvements pour la paix en Europe et mouvements de libération en Amérique latine (Hector Vera)..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: Asia: CENDHRRA, or partnership in action... Argentina: Iniciativa planetaria para el mundo que elegimos... Espana: IEPALA... Vivre autrement - Consommateurs en Afrique... The Netherlands: TOOL... ICDA & ISIS: Women in development - from theory to practice... After nuclear war... the cold and the dark of nuclear winter... The SID conference: Risks and opportunities ..... LETTERS.....FOOTNOTES.....MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.9MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 48 (July/August 1985)
      Date of publication: August 1985
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: Los tejemanejes de Nairobi (Adriana Santa Cruz)..... LOCAL SPACE: Popular theatre as integration and conscientization (Oga S. Abah)... Desarrollo, medio ambiente y cultura (Javier Herrán)... Case study of Maori community action (Betty Williams)..... NATIONAL SPACE: The universal grant (Collectif Charles Fourier)..... THIRD WORLD SPACE: Problématique méditerranéenne (Rachid Krim)..... GLOBAL SPACE: Redefining national security (Sadruddin Aga Khan)... Contribution of economic science to peace keeping (Jan Tinbergen) ... Gamani Corea reviews William Clark's Cataclysm... Why European activists should oppose operation Flood (C. Alvares)... Fighting the importers of Third World women (Roberto Ampuero)..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: Socially Appropriate Technology International Information Services... WISE: World Information Service on Energy... India: Kalpavriksh - The Environmental Action Group... India: Samakhya and the Cooperative Movement... International Credit Union Week... Philippines: BATAS, Center for People's Law... Cameroon: Simulation game in Buea... Les économies arabe et européenne en l’an 2000... America Latina: ECIEL ... USA: Stelle Foundation..... LETTERS.....FOOTNOTES.....MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (3.4MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 49 (September/October 1985)
      Date of publication: October 1985
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: The 40th anniversary of the United Nations: Will governments listen to people? (Marc Nerfin)..... LOCAL SPACE: Kenya: The Green Belt Movement (Wangari Maathai)... Street foods as income and food for the poor (Irène Tinker)... US: Civil disobedience is a way of life for peace activists (Jeffrey Saied Ghannam)..... NATIONAL SPACE: Chile: Los grandes tetnas y areas de la reconstruccion (R. Lagos)...The role of health and nutrition in development (Claudio Schuftan)..... THIRD WORLD SPACE: Social intelligence for self-reliant development (Stevan Dedijer)... Sociétés négro-africaines entre un développement propre et un développement généralisé (Tsudi Wa Kibuti Mambu~Lo)... Et demain l\'Afrique - un livre d\'Edem Kodjo (Ahmed Ben Salah)..... GLOBAL SPACE: The UN are a first-rate international institution (Stephen Lewis)... Most people believe in the UN... IFDA contributions to the 40th anniversary of the UN... Jumelages et micro-projets (Huguette Bouchardeau)..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: The World Food Assembly\'s Manifesto... Action now to end Third World crisis (The Penang Conference)... On peace and global transformation (UNU)... Afrique occidentale: L\'AFOTEC (Rokiatou Tall)... Asia: Women\'s Research and Action Network..... LETTERS.....FOOTNOTES.....MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (2.3MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 5 (March 1979)
      Date of publication: March 1979
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (Editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (2.1MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 50 (November/December 1985)
      Date of publication: December 1985
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: 10 years of IFDA, 50 issues of the Dossier.....LOCAL SPACE: The indigenous problématique (Rodolfo Stavenhagen)... NGO work of organising the rural poor (Anisur Rahman)... Desarrollo y medio ambiente (Maurice Strong)..... THIRD WORLD SPACE: The women’s movement: Latin American perspective (A. Santa Cruz)... The Nairobi ’85 Manifesto on women and the crisis in Africa... Asian women speak out... Note sur le concept de déconnexion ("delinking") (Samir Amin)... Science transfer for development (Abdus Salam)..... SUPPLEMENT: INDEX DOSSIER 39-50..... GLOBAL SPACE..... Mai-development in industrial countries (Erhard Eppler)... Bad neighbours (William Clark)... Peace and development (Jimoh Omo-Fadaka)... The great peace journey (Inga Thorsson)..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: The dirty dozen: global campaign against hazardous pesticides... European mothers: a "free choice" for feeding their babies?... International Consumer Movement acts on tobacco promotion... Equateur: RIIP... Geneva: DOCIP... Argentina: FLACSO busca colaboración... Philippines: Mindanao Community Theatre network... India: Namedia Foundation... Guinea Bissau: INEP... Rongead: Un reseau agro-alimentaire pour quoi faire?..... LETTERS/FOOTNOTES/MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (Editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (3.8MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 51 (January/February 1986)
      Date of publication: February 1986
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: Nations Unies: un nouveau départ? (Marc Nerfin)..... LOCAL SPACE: Development of the rural poor : the missing factor (Om Prakash & P.N. Rastogi)... Ecología o ideología? (Esteban Krotz)... Eco-industrialism, high-tech and the search for alternatives to progress (Wolfgang Sachs)... Letter to Rigoberta Menchú (Anne Buchanan)..... THIRD WORLD SPACE: Un nouvel ordre Sud-Sud pour un nouvel ordre mondial (A.Ben Salah)... Tomorrow's habitat (Mahdi Eimandjra)... Reactivación, desarrollo y deuda: una propuesta (Osvaldo Sunkel)..... GLOBAL SPACE: The future of the United Nations system (John E. Fobes)... Leelananda De Silva reviews M. Zaramit Cutajarrs UNCTAD and the South-North Dialogue: The first twenty years ... Beyond the nuclear holocaust (Surindar Suri)..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: Mexico: Self-Help Network... Network of Concerned Third World Lawyers launched... Right Livelihood Awards to activists in East and West... The TVAS Fellowship and Research Grants Schemes... Collectif européen Conscientisation... Futures of support in different cultures (WFSF)... Canada: Chance for Children Development Fund... Denmark: Kulu..... LETTERS..... FOOTNOTES..... MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (2.1MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 52 (March/April 1986)
      Date of publication: April 1986
      Description/subject: ALTERNATIVES: The Other Economic Summit (TOES)..... LOCAL SPACE: Lokayan's efforts to overcome the new rift (Rajni Kothari)... San Fransisco: Quadri-lingual paper serves changing community (Sam Quinones)..... NATIONAL SPACE: Perú wants a historic re-encounter with the land (A. García Pérez)..... THIRD WORLD SPACE : L'Arabsat (Azzouz Kerdoun)... El necesario aporte de la tecnología al problema habítacional de las mayorias en América Latina (Horacio Berretta)..... GLOBAL SPACE: Lessons from the baby food campaign (Andy Chetley)... A rollback for the Third World? (Chakravarthi Raghavan)... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM : Table of content ... The Third World Prize to Nelson and Winnie Mandela... Apac: La Satellite... Uruguay: CIEDUR en la reconstrucción nacional... LETTERS..... FOOTN0TES..... MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (2MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 53 (May/June 1986)
      Date of publication: June 1986
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: People's power in the Philippines (Marc Nerfin)..... LOCAL SPACE: Role of Asian people's organizations (N.S. Khan and K. Bhasin)...Consumer mutual aid: Response to the Polish crisis? (L.A. Paga)...Leçons d'une expérience d'inventaire technologique (Xavier Maureau et Maria Cecilia Londres Fonseca)... Brazilian people’s association addresses the WCED... Social innovation in the urban setting (Ignacy Sachs)..... NATIONAL SPACE: Disappearance of family farm in the US (Mark Ritchie)..... REGIONAL SPACE: The Nigerian economy, factor mobility and West African economic development (Uka Ezenwe)..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: Arab intellectuals stand in defense of human rights ... Lesotho: Thaba Khupa... SINA: Settlements Information Network - Africa... ILET Unidad de Comunicación Alternativa de la Mujer... Paraguay: Educación, capacicacion y tecnología campesina... Ecuador: CATER, Centro Andino de Tecnología Rural 77 Jamaica: International School and Workshop... Women writers of the Americas for Caribbean Parley... Sri Lanka: Ootru Organisation... Malaysia: Burkit Merah Residents win court injunction... India: Centre for Development Studies and Activities... Lawasia... USA: A people's conference on the fate of our forests... The Danish Centre for Renewable Energy... LETTERS/FOOTNOTES/MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (2.1MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 54 (July/August 1986)
      Date of publication: August 1986
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: Chernobyl (Marc Nerfin).....PERSONAL SPACE: 12 years after, Ivan Illich revisits Medical Nemesis..... LOCAL SPACE: Role of Asian people's organizations, II (N.Said Khan, K.Bhasin) ..... ESPACIO NACIONAL: Hacia otro Venezuela? (Luis Raul Matos Azocar)... ÉSPACE REGIONAL/REGIONAL SPACE: Afrique: démocratie, développement, unité... Africa : democracy, development, unity... Notes de lecture (Ahmed Ben Salah)..... GLOBAL SPACE: The Women's Forum '85 in Nairobi (Nita Barrow)... The case for a world public sector (Jan Pronk)..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: • For an International Decade for Peace, an Australian proposal... • IOCU Pesticide Handbook documents need for strong FAO code... • Colombia: CRESET... • Peru: Mujer y sociedad... • Palestine: The Al-Quds Open University... • Bangladesh: Tribal Buddhists struggle for life... • Message of solidarity to President Corazon Aquino... • Philippines: PROCESS... • Ten years of TRANET (Bill Ellis)... • Habitat: Sharing experiences... • • One Earth: A call to action..... LETTERS/FOOTNOTES/MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (2.6MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 55 (September/October 1986)
      Date of publication: October 1986
      Description/subject: ESPACIO LOCAL/LOCAL SPACE: Consejos verdes en Colombia (Maria Isabel Garcia)... Health through people’s empowerment... Another development in health: A Zimbabwe case study (R.O. Laing)... Earth architecture : A symposium in Beijing..... NATIONAL SPACE: Indonesia: Cultural dimension of alternatives (Dawam Rahardjo)... ESPACE REGIONAL/REGIONAL SPACE: Science, technologie et coopération Sud-Sud (R. Andriambololona)... Crisis and alternatives in the Arab world (I.S. El-Din Abdalla)..... GLOBAL SPACE: The worlds of different peoples (Keith Buchanan)... The market as the sole master? (Martin Huslid)... World military and social expenditures..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: Asia: Grassroots and networking, the ACFOD experience... Afrique: Echo de l'AFARD... Argentina: Una carta de CEDEPA... Brésil: FASE... Women living under muslim laws... Arabie: CEREI... Needed: A new communications model for a new working-class internationalism... Espana: INAUCO... Canada: The Latin American Working Group (LAWG)... Survival International... Grassroots experiences in Latin America..... LETTERS/FOOTNOTES/MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (2.6MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 56 (November/December 1986)
      Date of publication: December 1986
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL:..... To our readers..... GLOBAL SPACE: Neither Prince nor Merchant: Citizen - An introduction to the third system (Marc Nerfin)..... MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (600K)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 57/58 (January/April 1987)
      Date of publication: April 1987
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: Nous sonnnes tous des Palestiniens (Marc Nerfin)... We are all Palestinians..... ESPACE LOCAL/LOCAL SPACE: Mexique: Manger, un acte politique (Andrés Aubry)... A Sarvodaya Project (ASSEFA/ANGOC)..... ESPACIO NACIONAL: El cambio del estilo de vida del Venezolano ante la crisis (Frank. Bracho)..... REGIONAL SPACE: Tomorrow begins today (Hilkka Pietilá)..... GLOBAL SPACE: Impressions from a journey to Palestine (Essma Ben Hamida)... Cory Aquino to the United Nations..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM : Table of content..... LETTERS..... F00TN0TES..... MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION 143
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (3.3MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 59 (May/June 1987)
      Date of publication: June 1987
      Description/subject: CONTENT: First Justinian F. Rweyemamu Prize awarded to APAC..... LOCAL SPACE: Reflections from the space within (Karen Lehman)... Disguised employment in the Third World (E. Mine Cinar)..... REGIONAL SPACE: The case of the urban poor in Latin America (S. Finquelievich)... ANEN - The African Ngos Environment Network..... GLOBAL SPACE: Third World debt crisis threatens a collapse of world trade and financial systems (Frederick Clairmonte and John Cavanagh)... Rethinking international governance (Harlan Cleveland)... Réfugiés en Suisse: xénophobie et réponses populaires (CEDRI)..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: Mettre fin à la guerre Iran-Iraq... Philippines: Cordillera People's Alliance... India: Centre for Human Development and Social Change (CHDSC)... Argentina: Acción popular ecumenica... Perú-Mujer... Mexico: The Academy of Human Rights... The Ottowa Declaration: For sustainable farming systems... 12th IOCU World Congress to meet in Madrid in September... Italy: IDOC... UK: The New Economics Foundation... The Other Economic Summit 1988: Call for papers... France: Annuaire des demarches économiques alternatives... LETTERS..... FOOTNOTES
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.5MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 6 (April 1979)
      Date of publication: April 1979
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (Editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.6MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 60 (July/August 1987)
      Date of publication: August 1987
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: A gleam in the South?..... LOCAL SPACE: Theatre, adult education and development: a workshop at Kumba, Cameroon (Hansel Ndumbe Eyoh)..... ESPACIO REGIONAL: Cambios criticos, sociedad emergence y alternativas populares en America Latina (Luis Lopezllera)..... GLOBAL SPACE: Global shifts and their impacts on national policies (J.Pajestka)... Les ONGs comma cheval de Troie (Dominique Temple)... Towards a people-oriented biotechnology (Chakravarthi Raghavan)..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: DAWN: Development Alternatives with Women for a New Era... Femmes sous lois musulmanes... Human Rights Internet... Ngalu e Kisal Developpement Sahel... India: The Ahmedabad Study Action Group (ASAG)... Belize: Belize Enterprise for Sustained Technology (BEST)... USA: PLENTY... Asia: SAM and APPEN News Feature Service... Pharmaceutical patents: the ARDA statement... From organisation to organism, a Findhorn Conference..... LETTERS..... FOOTNOTES..... MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.6MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 61 (September/October 1987)
      Date of publication: October 1987
      Description/subject: CONTENT:.... THEY HAD THIS TO SAY.....ESPACIO LOCAL: El mundo cabe en una radio de aldea (R. Salinas A J. Gomez)..... REGIONAL SPACE: The reverse oil shocks: Harsh effects and mild responses (Ismail-Sabri Abdalla)... Dialogue Interafricain - Dialogue Sud-Sud (Tsudi Wa Kibuti Mambu-Lo & Muambu Ifulu Kia-Butandu)... Capital flight: How Third World elites bleed their own countries white (Shiraz Kassam)..... GLOBAL SPACE: Has humankind a future? (Encik S.M. Mohd. Idris)... Disarmament and development... Imprisoned Israeli anti-nuclear activist nominated for Nobel Peace Prize (Rayna Moss)...Hidden menace in the Universal Child Immunisation programme (Debabar Banerji)..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: Violating the FAO Code on pesticides... ALOP - Trabajando por Latinoamérica... Philippines: Pamalakaya, small fishermen movement... Afrique: Creation du FOVAD... Food for thought from CENDHRRA: A permanent identification... Mexico: Pro-Ecologia de Colima... Pologne: Polski Klub Ecolognizny... Netherlands: A new environment and development service... India: Pipal Tree... USA: 15 years of the Center of Concern..... LETTERS.....FOOTNOTES.....MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.7MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 62 (November/December 1987)
      Date of publication: December 1987
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: . Asilah, or South-South: The artistic dimension..... ESPACE LOCAL: . Participation populaire au développement (CILSS)..... GLOBAL SPACE: . Openings for peace and justice in world of danger and struggle (Richard Falk for the Committee for a Just World Peace)... . UNCTAD-VII and the promises of Geneva (Chakravarthi Raghavan) ... . Les notes de lecture d’Ahmed Ben Salah..... . supplement: index dossier 51-62..... REGIONAL SPACE: . Human rights in the Arab world (Arab Organ.for Human Rights)..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM : . ENDA: Action en faveur des peuples culturellement les plus menacés... . Indigenous Caribbean people demand respect... . Philippines: MIPC... . Maurice: CEDREFI... . Colombia: El Colegio Verde de Villa de Leyva... . ELC elects Fazal as chairman... . Sénégal: Fippu... . India: Centre for Women's Development Studies... . Nepal: Centre for Women and Development ... . America Latina y El Caribe: Red para la infancia y la familia... . Paraguay: Centro de documentación y estudios... . America Latina: Asamblea general del CEEAL... . ANGOC: The Asian Ngo Coalition... . Africa: Roots, the international award for jazz music... . Belgium: agenor... . WFSF to meet in Beijing..... LETTERS..... FOOTNOTES..... MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (2MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 63 (January/February 1988)
      Date of publication: February 1988
      Description/subject: CONTENT:- THEY HAD THIS TO SAY: Mikhail Gorbachev: Enhancing the role of the United Nations..... LOCAL SPACE: Chipko: The people's movement with a hope for the survival of humankind (Sunderlal Bahaguna) ... Cidem: Un proceso de comunicación entre mujeres (Enriqueta Alzérreca Barbery)... Nine theses on social movements (André Gunder Frank and Marta Fuentes)..... GLOBAL SPACE: The path to common security (Peri Pamir)..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: Citizens groups and environmentalists criticize the tropical forestry action plan... Southern Africa: Foundation for education with production... Kanaki: L’école populaire Kanak... Sénégal: CONGAD (Entretien avec Thiemo Kane)... America Latina: Encuentro de directores de centros de promoción... Pratiques informelles comparées... South Asia: Management development of Ngos (SANGO)... Comité international de Coordination des Ongs sur la Palestine... Suisse: CH + 6... From charity to justice: Joint action of citizens groups and local communities for North-South development cooperation... Sri Lanka: ICES's film programme... Le 7e Congrès mondial de sociologie rurale... LETTERS..... FOOTNOTES..... MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (2MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 64 (March/April 1988)
      Date of publication: April 1988
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: A citizens\' report on the state of the UN? (Marc Nerfin)..... ESPACE LOCAL: Afrique noire: La victoire du courage (Pierre Pradervand)... Peru: La ciudad y sus habitantes (Eduardo Neira Alva)..... NATIONAL SPACE: Hungary: Citizens\' participation in the environmental movement (Solyom Laszlo)... Zina: The Hudood Ordinance and its implications for Pakistani women (Sabiha Sumar & Khalid Nadvi)... Towards another administration (Omar Osman Mohamed)..... REGIONAL SPACE: Reassembling the spirits of Africa on historic Goree Island (Claude Robinson)... South Africa: Amsterdam\'s anti-apartheid culture melting pot (Wim Bossema)..... GLOBAL SPACE: A Disarmament and Development Initiative (DDI): An appeal... Engineering Extinction (Xeith Buchanan)..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: For a United Nations Second Assemby: Summary of a proposal... Huridocs: Human rights Information and documentation system... Reseau d\'education et d\'information \'Droits de l\'homme et droits des peuples... Malaysia: Aliran is ten... and its founder in jail... India: Committee for Cultural Choices and Global Futures... AJOPE: The African Journal of Political Economy... Jamaica: Drama is the tool... Bolivia: CENDES... Nicaragua: INIES..... Announcements..... FOOTNOTES..... MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.9MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 65 (May/June 1988 )
      Date of publication: 06 May 1988
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: America Latina: Una vision contemporezna de la seguridad (Juan Somavia)..... LOCAL SPACE: Public health, poverty, and empowerment - a challenge (D. Werner)... Artesanos y alfareros, apoyados por la investigation (Bernardo Mendez Lugo)... El aymara: Lengua para traducciones automaticas..... NATIONAL SPACE: The ecological, energetic and agronomic systems of ancient and modern Sri Lanka (Ranil Senanayake)..... REGIONAL SPACE: Science as part of African culture: Why it must be learnt beyond the classroom (Thomas R. Odhiambo)... The economic crisis and opportunities for regional cooperation in Southeast Asia (Umar Juoro)..... GLOBAL SPACE: Eurocentrisme et politique (Samlr Amin)... American television and Arab myths (Jack G. Shaheen)... The cultural crisis of the West and international solidarity (Thierry Verhelst)..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: Pughwash conferences on science and world affairs... ISIS International... HA1 groups launch new action programme for rational drug use... A voice of our own: Disabled People International... Sahel: Des mouvements paysans s\'organisent... Philippines: Fisherfolk demand genuine aquarian reform... Argentina: Red nacional de accion ecologists... Peru: Traditions pour demain a EDITORIAL . America Latina: Una vision contemporezna de la seguridad (Juan Somavia) 2 LOCAL SPACE . Public health, poverty, and empowerment - a challenge (D. Werner) 3 . Artesanos y alfareros, apoyados por la investigation (Bernardo Mendez Lugo) 11 . El aymara: Lengua para traducciones automaticas 16 NATIONAL SPACE . The ecological, energetic and agronomic systems of ancient and modern Sri Lanka (Rani1 Senanayake) 17 REGIONAL SPACE . Science as part of African culture: Why it must be learnt beyond the classroom (Thomas R. Odhiambo) 25 . The economic crisis and opportunities for regional cooperation in Southeast Asia (Umar Juoro) 3 3 GLOBAL SPACE . Eurocentrisme et politique (Samlr bin) 3 7 . American television and Arab myths (Jack G. Shaheen) 49 . The cultural crisis of the West and international solidarity (Thierry Verhelst) 5 1 NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM . Pughwash conferences on science and world affairs 5 7 . ISIS International 59 . HA1 groups launch new action programme for rational drug use 6 1 . A voice of our own: Disabled People International 62 . Sahel: Des mouvements paysans s\'organisent 65 . Philippines: Fisherfolk demand genuine aquarian reform 67 . Argentina: Red nacional de accion ecologists 70 . Peru: Traditions pour demain a Cajamarca... Ecuador: CEDECO..... ANNOUNCEMENTS..... LETTERS/FOOTNOTES/MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.9MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 66 (July/August 1988)
      Date of publication: August 1988
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: Tunisie: Le retour d\'Ahmed Ben Salah (Marc Nerfin)..... LOCAL SPACE: Humanising housing (Lalita Das)..... ESPACE REGIONAL: L\'endettement de 1\'Afrique: Accepter la responsabilit6 de nos propres erreurs (Juvhal Habyarimana)... Crisis y desafio: ciencia y tecnologia en el futuro de America Latina (Francisco R. Sagasti)..... GLOBAL SPACE:. On the causes of terrorism and their removal (Johan Galtung)... In affairs among nations, cooperation is the key (Harlan Cleveland)... Les notes de lecture d\'Ignacy Sachs..... DOCUMENT: Objectives and terms of reference of the South Commission..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: The concluding phase of the Great Peace Journey (Inga Thorsson)... International consumer movement acts to protect the ozone layer... Arabia: Human rights organization meets in Cairo... USA: Southern Mutual Help Association... Solomon Islands Development Trust Afrique de l\'0uest: WANAD (Andras Biro)... Uruguay: Comunicaci6n para la democracia y el desarrollo... Ecuador: CEPLAES... Pakistan: Rural Development Foundation... The African Centre for Technology Studies... The institute of Cultural Affairs..... LETTERS..... FOOTNOTES
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.9MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 67 (September/October 1988)
      Date of publication: October 1988
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: The image of the Other (Marc Nerfin)..... THE IMAGE OF AFRICA: -The image of Africa -Africa's perception of the 198415 food crisis -Africa's response to the crisis -The image of Africa in the Western media..... ESPACIO LOCAL: El auge de la tecnologia anbiental alternativa (Juan Robert)..... REGIONAL SPACE: GSTP: A modest beginning for South's collective self-reliance (Chakravarthi Raghavan)..... GLOBAL SPACE: UN organizations: Ways to their reactivation (Mahdi Elmandjra)... New paths to global cooperation (Hans-Peter Dürr)... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: USSR: The third system recognized... Palestinian non-violent activist deported from Israel... Palestinian Agricultultural Relief Committees (PARC)... Bangladesh: Mauchak... Philippines: CEDAR... Peru: Centro de Medicina Andina... Belgique: Solidarité des Alternatives Wallonnes... Cote d'Ivoire: INADES Documentation... Zalre: Top-Contacts - Perspective 2000... Benin: Centre Panafricain de Prospective Sociale... Asian Students Association... Indian doctor wins Health Activist Award... The New Zealand Coalition for Trade and Development..... FOOTNOTES..... MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.9MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 68 (November/December 1988)
      Date of publication: December 1988
      Description/subject: LOCAL SPACE: A Pilot Integrated Farm for South China (George L. Chan)... Elementos de la cultura como respuesta a la vida en barrios marginales de Asunción (Benno Glauser)..... NATIONAL SPACE: Altemative economic strategy for Nigeria: Indigenous small-scale industries (Regina U. Obi)..... GLOBAL SPACE: The gospel of global efficiency: On Worldwatch and other reports on the state of the world (Wolfgang Sachs)... Women's voice in the North/South dialogue (Hilkka Pietilá)... Identité culturelle et développement, Tradition et modernité (Ananda W.P. Guruge)... Les notes de lecture d'Ignacy Sachs..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: . The Nairobi Declaration on Consumers in Africa... . Indonesia: Government tightens control over citizens' groups... Sénégal: Réseau d'Alphabétisation Communautaire (RAC) ... Chile: Primer encuentro de la Red de Centros de Desarrollo Local... Chile: El Taller de cooperación al desarrollo... Ecuador: Centro de Investigaciones Ciudad... Venezuela: Centro para la Gestión Tecnológica Popular (CETEP)... . India: CAMERA, Cadre of Media Resources and Action... India: PAHAR, Peoples Association for Himalaya Area Research... France: ALDEA... Maroc: Une nouvelle association des Droits de l'homme... Poland: Strong anti-nuclear movement emerging... Suisse: Le Centre Martin Luther King pour la non-violence... Perú: Asociación Peruana de Estudios e Investigación para la Paz... CANDELA..... LETTERS/LETTRES/CARTAS.....F00TN0TES.....MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (2.5MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 69 (January/February, 1989)
      Date of publication: February 1989
      Description/subject: Homenaje a Manuel Pérez Guerrero..... LOCAL SPACE: Collective Self-Empowerment and Social Change (John Friedmann)... India: The Medico-Friend Circle on Child Health (Ritu Priya)..... ESPACE NATIONAL: Monnaie et endettement en Algérie (Slimane Toubale).....REGIONAL SPACE: Beyond Hunger: An African Vision of the 21st Century..... GLOBAL SPACE: Declaration of the first Global Popular Summit of the Great Peace Journey; and Inga Thorsson's opening speech... In favour of a polycentric world (Samir Amin)... A New Labour and Democratic Internationalism (Peter Waterman)... Social-démocratie à l'échelle mondiale? (René Dumont)..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: Perú: Algunas notas sobre las ONGs (Federico Velarde)...Ecuador: CIESE... Venezuela: CECODAP, Centros Comunitarios de Aprendizaje... Honduras: Servicios Tecnicos, Legales y Económicos (SETELEC)... Indonesia: Lembaga Studi Pembangunan VI... Sénégal: Fédération des organisations non gouvernementales... Philippines: People Empowerment, Bukidnon Style... Primer Encuentro Latinoamericano Anti Nuclear (ELAN)... America Latina: Por una acción conjunta en defense de los rios... Ecuador: Educación bilingue quichua-castellano... Caribbean: Graduate Theatre Company... SEAFDA: South-East Asian Forum for Development Alternative... Malta: Foundation for International Studies.... Global Education Associates... 1988 Right Livelihood Awards... Juillet 1989: un autre sommet économique à Paris.....LETTERS/LETTRES/CARTAS.... FOOTNOTES.... MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (2.9MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 7 (May 1979)
      Date of publication: May 1979
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (Editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.8MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 70 (March/April 1989)
      Date of publication: April 1989
      Description/subject: EDITORIAL: . Another liberation? (Marc Nerfin)..... LOCAL SPACE: . The Telu Workshop Experience (David Henry Malamah-Thomas)..... NATIONAL SPACE: . Two Reports from China: - China\'s Reforms: From Economics to Systems Theory (Hazel Henderson)... - China in the Twenty-First Century (Mahdi Elmandjra)..... REGIONAL SPACE: . Nuestro Futuro Común: una perspectiva latinoamericana (El Centro Tepoztlán)... . Countertrade in Third World Mutual Trade (Chaldeans Mensah).....GLOBAL SPACE: . New Expressions of Racism in Europe (Rodolfo Stavenhagen)... Interculture Ireland\'s Teachers Programme from Africa (Rita McNulty)... Ecology and Economic Policy (Udo E. Simonis)..... NEWS FROM THE THIRD SYSTEM: . Brésil: FASE, un réseau de recueil et de diffusion de \'technologies alternatives\'... Sahel: Système d\'information... Tunisie: Développement rural intégré & Skhira... Philippines: NORLU... Third World NetWork... Italie: FOCSIV... IRELA: Instituto de Relaciones Europeo-Latinoamericanas... USA: Pace Peace Center... Le Prix Aga Khan d\'Architecture..... F00TN0TES..... MATERIALS RECEIVED FOR PUBLICATION.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (2.4MB)
      Date of entry/update: 24 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 71 (May/June 1989)
      Date of publication: June 1989
      Description/subject: Espacio local: Curación y cosmología: El reto de las medicinas populares (Sylvia Marcos)..... Espace régional: North-South space: How to ruin a country: the case of Togo (Richard Gerster)..... Global space: Political economy of ecology movements (Jayanta Bandyopadhyay & Vandana Shiva) ..... News from the third system: . Réseau Sud-Nord Cultures et ’Développement’ ... . Peuples Solidaires présente Réseau - Solidarité... . Kanaki: Lettre de la tribu... . Bangladesh: Association for the Realization of Basic Needs... . El Salvador: Instituto de la Mujer (IMU)... . Philippines: Community Information and Planning System (CIPS) ... . West Germany: Rainforest Memorandum... . Citizens’ groups develop agenda for ’our common future’... . Tropical Forestry Action Plan destroys forests worldwide... . USA: 4,440 arrests as nuclear protesters carry on King’s legacy... . Afrique: ENDA/IOCU au Service des consommateurs... . The Asian Coalition for Housing Rights... . Le Centre panafricain de prospective sociale (CPPSS)... . Droit International 1990.... Sources / Fuentes
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (2.7MB)
      Date of entry/update: 24 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 72 (July/August 1989)
      Date of publication: August 1989
      Description/subject: Espace local: • Le travail au carrefour technique: Vers une éthique sociale renouvelée? (Antonio Colomer Viadel)... • Indonesia: Usaha Bersama Arisan Manjung (Angoc) • Venezuela: Las Asociaciones de Vecinos, una expresión autónoma de la sociedad civil (Angel Enrique Zambrano)..... National space: • Women in the Algerian liberation struggle (Marie-Aimée Helie-Lucus) • Assessing structural adjustment programmes: The case of Ghana (Ebenezer Mireku)..... Espace global: • Pour le renouveau du non-alignement: Propositions d’un universitaire ouzbek (Rais A. Touzmohammad)..... News from the third system: • India: Anti-nuclear movement grows (Claude Alvares)... • Italy: \'Earth’, theme of the 1989 Fair of Practical Utopias... • Dominican Republic: Tourism v/s natural resources... • Arab Organization for Human Rights: 1988 Report... • Paraguay: El SIJADEP pide tránsito hacia la democracia... • Sri Lanka: Swarna Hansa Foundation... • Zaïre: CADIC... • Youth for Development & Cooperation... • USA: 40 years of Monthly Review... • Uruguay: Treinta años del CLAEH..... Letters/lettres/cartas..... Sources/Fuentes..... Materials received for publication
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (2.7MB)
      Date of entry/update: 24 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 73 (September/October 1989)
      Date of publication: October 1989
      Description/subject: Editorial: • T'ian-an men (Marc Nerfín)..... Local space: • Women and books in Africa: A question of survival? (Micere G. Mugo)... • Local self-reliance in Palestine (PARC)... • Violence dans les Andes: Causes el alternatives (Dominique Temple)..... Espacio nacional: • Perú: Estado, crisis y autogestión (W.J. Moreno y G. J. Ochoa)..... Espace regional: • La maison commune Europe (Sumir Amin)..... Global space: • People, pests and pesticides (Anwar Fazal)... • La dette, oui, mais ses causes? (Ahmed Ben Salah)..... Interactions: • Avoiding awkward answers by not asking the questions (Anne Buchanan)..... News from the third system: • Third World Organization for Women in Science... • Nicaragua: Citizens’ groups act on ecology... • An International Alliance for Sustainable Agriculture... • India: Chitrabani... • Mexico: SEDAC... • India: Institute for Integrated Rural Development... • Ecuador: CIRE... • Norway: The Alternative Future Project... • France: La Cimade ou 50 ans de solidarité..... Letters/lettres/cartes..... Sources/fuentes
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (2.6MB)
      Date of entry/update: 24 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 74 (November/December 1989)
      Date of publication: December 1989
      Description/subject: Espace local: • Leçons d’une animation au Sénégal (Emmanuel Seyni Ndione)... • "Aün es tiempo de vivir": La Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta... Regional space: • The South Commission: New horizons or the same old song? (Loh Wei Leng)... • A Third World perspective on interdependence, integration and collective self-reliance (Mohamed Sid-Ahmed).... Global space: • The new detente: Some reflections from the South (Rajni Kothari)... • Is global civilization coming? (Marc Nerfin)... • Index Dossier 63 - 74.... News from the third system: • Citizens’ associations support NAM initiative for a UN Decade of International Law... • Israel: A new law threatens the Palestinian right to organise... • Maroc: Mettre fin à la détention politique... • Mexico: Nuclear debaters fired... • Chile: Educaciôn para la democracia y el desarrollo local... • India: Some SLARTC activities in 1988... • Catalogne: Enllaç... • Brazil: The Institute of Technology for the Citizen... • India: Equations, Equitable Tourism Options... • South West Asian Ocean: a Directory of activists... • Women’s Exchange Programme International..... Letters/lettres/cartas.... Sources/fuentes.... Materials received for publication
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (2.7MB)
      Date of entry/update: 24 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 75-76 (January/April 1990)
      Date of publication: April 1990
      Description/subject: Editorial: ■ Chile: iGana la gente! (Marc Nerfin).... Local space: • The Green Polities of Peace (Ha Poong Kim)... • Swadhyaya: The unknown, the peaceful, the silent yet singing revolution of India (Majid Rahnema)... • How to reach the small farmer. An Islamic formula (Ali Abdalla Ali) ... • The Manila Declaration on People\'s Participation and Sustainable Development..... Espacio nacional: • El desarrollo sustentable: del marco conceptual a una propuesta operacional para Chile (Osvaldo Sunkel)..... Regional space: • The common cause for worldwide sustainable development: A southern view (Frank Bracho)... • New indicators for culturally specific sustainable development (Hazel Henderson)... • Déclaration de Porto Novo pour un contrat de solidarité... • Science et réseaux de solidarité scientifique pour l\'Afrique (Christian Sina Diatta)... • La recherche en nutrition: quelles équipes conjointes pour quels \'projets prioritaires\' (Salimata Wade et Daniel Lemonnier) january/april 1990..... News from the third system
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (3.6MB)
      Date of entry/update: 24 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 77 (May/June 1990)
      Date of publication: June 1990
      Description/subject: Editorial: • Environment and Development: Listen tO the South Citizen (Marc Nerfin)..... Local space: • Socioeconomic Democracy (Robley F. George)... • Las organizaciones civiles por la autogestion de los pueblos (Luis Lopezllera Méndez)... • Encuentro sobre movimientos sociales urbanos en America Latina y Espana... • Every country in the world neglects the poor (Cardinal Stephen Kim Soo Whan\'s address to the Asian Convention for Housing Rights)..... Espace régional: • L\'Afrique noire embourbée (Tsudi Wa Kibuti Mambu-Lo)..... Global space: • The Vancouver Declaration: Survival in the 21st Century... • Fusion of Science and Culture: Key to the 21st Century (Mahdi Elmandjra)... • Environment and Sustainable Development (Ililkka Pietila)... • A Rejection of the Brundtland Report (Ted Trainer)... • Abating Global Warming - at a Profit (Amory Irvins)... • The Coming Global Civilization (Mohamed Sid-Ahmed)... • Black Athena (note de lecture de Samir Amin)..... News from the third system: • I.ife-Link... • Océan Indien: Appel d\'Antananarivo pour les enfants... • Observatoire de la démocratie internationale... • Minewatch... • Latin America: CLADES... • Deforestation: Three million signatures presented to the UN... • Nepal: Centre for Rural Technology... • Venezuela: Amigransa... • Asia: Ten years of ANGOC... • India: Antar Bharati... • Canada: Turning 2000... • Afrique de l’Ouest: Appui du PNUD aux \"ONGs\"... • Costa Rica: Comité Nacional por la No Violencia contra la mujer y en la familia... • Arabia: The Organization for Human Rights (AOHR)... • Yugoslavia: CICD... • Philippines: IBON... • 1992: Une proposition de la LIDLIP..... Ietters/lettres/cartas Sources/fuentes..... Materials received for publication
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (4.2MB)
      Date of entry/update: 24 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 78 (July/September 1990)
      Date of publication: September 1990
      Description/subject: Editorial: We Need a Global Mixed Economy and a Global Public Sector (Jan Pronk)..... Espacio local: Actores y roles en la vivienda popular (Aurelio A Ferrero)... Philippines: Bernabe \\\"Kumander Dante\\\" Buscayno From Arms to Farms (Ma Ceres P Doyo)... USSR: Public Movements (Gleb Pavlovsky and Maxim Meyer)... Mexico: La evaluacion de cooperativas rurales (Esteban Krotz)..... National space: Sierra Leone: The Political Economy of Rural Differentiation (Eliphas G Mukonoweshuro)... \\\"Economie du développement\\\" et reality: Interrogations et interpellations (Charles A Jeanneret)..... Espace regional: Est-Ouest: L\\\'exclusion du Sud? Pour un \\\"développement triangulaire\\\" (Cheikh Hamidou Kane et Jacques Bugnicourt)... Por una concepcion de seguridad democratica integrada como fundamento de una mayor cooperaci6n e integraci6n regional (Comision Sudamericana de Paz)... Towards the Abolition of Wage Slavery (Gunnar Adler-Karlsson)..... Global space: An International Development Strategy for the 90s: Global Stakes Require a New Consensus (Gamani Corea)... Refugees and Migrants: - Cross-Cultural Co-operation among Displaced Persons: a Democratic Potential for Self-Reliant Integration in the Host Society (Geza Tessenyi) ..... - Population Transfer and the Fate of Human Rights (Elias H Tuma) ... - Comunidades Refugio (Asdrubal Salsarnendi)...... Books reviews: Johan Galtung at the Forefront of Peace Research (Chadwick F Alger)... Experiences and Reflections on a New Concept of Service Provision for Disabled People (M Miles)..... Interactions: Response to Anne Buchanan (Hazel Henderson)..... News from the third system: Cultures et developpements: Quid Pro Quo... Philippines: Friends of the Wilderness for Tropical Rainforest Campaign... Africa: ANEN... ELCI: A Global Coalition for Environment and Development... IBFAN a dix ans... The World Foundation for Deaf Children... Asia: ARDA... The International Commission of Jurists... Cultures en crise: Quelles alternatives pour les femmes africaines?... The Nigerian Popular Theatre Alliance... India: Development Alternatives... Peru: PRATEC... Pakistan: A Training Workshop at Mithi, Tharparkar... Manifesto 89-93 pour un Forum Civique Europeen... Quebec: L\'Entreprise de Demain et le \"Projet des Iles\"... Europe: A la recherche d\'alternatives avec les exclus... United Nations of Youth..... Periodicals... Materials received for publication.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (4MB)
      Date of entry/update: 24 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 79 (October/December 1990)
      Date of publication: December 1990
      Description/subject: Editorial: • The Report of the South Commission: Challenge to the South?..... Local space: • African Charter for Popular Participation in Development and Transformation... • Participacion popular y desarrollo sostenido... • Development Cooperation and the Development-Environment Crisis (Kishore Saint)..... Espacio regional: • America Latina: Educadores e Indigenas firman convenio par los \\\"500 Anas\\\":... - No hubo descubrimiento (Francisco Vio Grossi)... - Hay uno solo mundo (Donald Rojas)... • America Latina: Derechos humanos y desarrollo (Rodolfo Stavenhagen)... • Africa: A Second liberation is Necessary: - The Pitfalls of the Debate on Democracy (Issa Shivji)... • History Accelerating: Cassandra or Polyanna, Two Scenarios lor Europe (Johan Galtung)..... Espace global: • La citoyenneté au risque de l’écologie globale (Guy Béney) • Indictment of the IMF and the World Hank (Public Prosecutor, The Permanent People\\\'s Tribunal)... • Citizens’ Appeal to Bettino Craxi on the Foreign Debt of the Third World... News from the third system: • For a More Democratic United Nations: - Conferences on A More Democratic United Nations (CAMDUN) for World Peace and Justice... - Towards a Global Parliamentary Assembly (Keith Best)... • US: Global Exchange... • IOCU: The International Organization of Consumers Unions... • Haiti: Caripresse... • Peru: El Centro de Estudios para el Desarrollo y la Partidpaciôn (CFDFP)... • Bangladesh: Antarjatik Beshamarik Sheba Sangstha... • Solomon Islands: The Solomon Islands Development Trust (SIDT)... • Zaire: Elimu... • Hungary: Autonomia Alapitvany... • Mexican Human Rights Academy... • Palestine: The Arab Association for Human Rights (HRA)... • UK: The Minority Rights Group (MRG)... • Italy: Campagna Nord-Sud - Biosphere, Human Surivival, Debt... Letters/lettres/cartas... Sources/fuentes... Materials received for publication.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (4MB)
      Date of entry/update: 24 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 8 (June 1979)
      Date of publication: June 1979
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (Editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1.5MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 80 (January/March 1991)
      Date of publication: March 1991
      Description/subject: Position: • The Gulf Crisis: An Unprecedented Opportunity for Palestinian Self-Determination..... Local space: • A New Human Rights Consciousness (V Ramaswamy)... • Women First/Family First (Margaret and Bill Ellis)... • El territorio y la vida indigena como estrategia de defensa de la Amazonia (COICA)... • Indigenous Peoples and Environmentalists’ First Summit: Iquitos Declaration... • Le développement - modernisation: Miroir et écran (Mamadou Balia Traore)..... Espacio nacional: • Derecho ambiental o derecho a un ambiente vivible? (José Maria Borrero Navia)..... Espace régional: • Surmonter la crise du Pan-africanisme et de l’unité de l’Afrique noire (Bernard Founou Tchuigoua)... • Social Responsibility of Business in Africa (Daniel Smart Asante-Odame)..... Global space: • Another Look at History (in Transition) (André Gunder Frank)... • Television’s Vital Role in Building a Sustainable Future (Duane Elgin)..... Book reviews & News from the third system: Book reviews: • Doublespeak about Human Development? (Ignacy Sachs)... • Brian Urquhart & Erskine Childers, A World in Need of Leadership: Tomorrow’s United Nations..... News from the third system: • A Charter for 1992?... • The Asian Council for People’s Culture... • Peru: ASPADERUC - Proyecto Enciclopedia Campesina... • Traditions pour demain... • Liban/Palestine: L’Association Najdeh... • Israel/Palestine: Alternative Information Centre... • Afrique: Inades-Formation... • India: Institute of Small Enterprises and Development... • Sri Lanka: The National Ngo Council... • Jamaica: The Association of Development Agencies... • The Other India Bookstore... • The African Academy of Sciences... • Relations interculturelles: des fleurs pour Orchidées... • Ireland: Centre for Research and Documentation... • Canada: CII..... Letters/lettres/cartas..... Sources/fuentes..... Materials received for publication.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English, Français, Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (3.6MB)
      Date of entry/update: 24 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 81 (April/June 1991)
      Date of publication: June 1991
      Description/subject: Editorial: • To the Reader (Marc Nerfin) ..... Inner space: • Rethinking Science: P.R. Sarkar’s Reconstruction of Science and Socicty (Sohail Inayatullah)... Local space: • Towards an Alternative Development Paradigm (Md. Anisur Rahman)... • L’exemple de l’agriculture paysanne andine: La modernité des sociétés traditionnelles (François Greslou et Pierre de Zutter)... • Agricultura suburbana en pequeña escala en el Gran Buenos Aires (Carlos Alberto Flood)... • Observations sur l’échec des coopératives rurales au Sud-Kivu, Zaïre (Sadiki Byombuka)... • Declaration on Soil (Ivan Illich and friends)..... National space: • Poland: The Green Federation - A Political Movement for Radical Ecology (Grzegorz Peszko)... • ...I wan bi President (Esenwa-Ohaeto)..... Regional space: • Foreign Ngos, Uses and Abuses: An African Perspective (Yash Tandon)..... Global space: • A Case of Environmental Colonialism: Indian Citizens Challenge UN-US Study on Third World's Role in Global Warming... • Questioning the UN Mandate in the Gulf (Richard Falk)..... Interactions: • Humiliation de l’Autre (Nadia Khouri-Dagher) ... • One more thought about the Gulf War (Joy Assefa)..... Book reviews: • Frédérique Apffel Marglin and Stephen A. Marglin (eds). Dominating Knowledge: Development, Culture and Resistance (Gilbert Rist)... • Chakravarthi Raghavan, Recolonization: GATT, the Uruguay Round & the Third World (Hélan Jaworski C.)..... News from the third system: • An Alternative to the Columbus Day Celebration... • Association for Support & Defense of Bedouin Rights in Israel... • Mali: Amade... • Kenya: The Green Belt Movement... • Latin America: CLAES... • Costa Rica: Women for Housing... • Costa Rica: Fundacion Arias para la Paz y el Progreso Humano... • Africa: CIFAD... • Peru: Desco cumple 25 años... • Manifeste d’Alger sur le futur de l’Islam... • Asia: Lawasia for Human Rights... • Brazil: CIELA facilitates South-South relations... • Indonesia: The Institute for Philosophy and the Future of Humanity... • The Third World Network’s Media and Publications Activities..... Letters/lettres/cartas..... Sources/fuentes.
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: international foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (3.6MB)
      Date of entry/update: 23 October 2014


      Title: ifda dossier 9 (July 1979)
      Date of publication: July 1979
      Author/creator: Marc Nerfin (Editor)
      Language: English; Français; Español
      Source/publisher: International foundation for development alternatives (IFDA)
      Format/size: pdf (1,9MB)
      Date of entry/update: 25 October 2014


    • Sustainable/alternative development for Burma

      Websites/Multiple Documents

      Title: Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation web site
      Description/subject: Documents on alternative development, including specifically on Burma.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation
      Date of entry/update: 23 January 2005


      Title: Dag Hammarskjold Foundation -- Burma Seminars
      Description/subject: Another development for Burma: Strengthening the capacity within the Burmese democracy movement for meeting future development challenges has been a recent major initiative. New capacity building activities will seek to strengthen further the democratic forces in the world...plus other related material
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Dag Hammarskold Foundation
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 04 December 2009


      Title: Karen Environmental and Social Action Network (KESAN)
      Description/subject: ABOUT KESAN: "KESAN is a community based organisation with a central office in Chiang Mai, Thailand. We implement project activities on the Thai Burma border and in Karen and Kachin states in Burma. For the past eight years we have been working towards improving rural livelihood security using an approach that empowers and educates communities and institutions to sustain existing indigenous knowledge and practices to use and manage forest resources for the long term benefit of the community. KESAN also plays a leading role in addressing environmental and development concerns in environmental law and policy formulation in preparation for the post transition period in Burma. KESAN networks with local, regional and international organisations towards increased recognition of local and indigenous peoples rights to use and manage their natural resources for sustainable development. Vision Karen indigenous people in Burma live peacefully in a healthy environment and actively participate in maintaining ecological balance and livelihood security. Mission KESAN is a local organization working alongside local communities in Karen State and Kachin State, Burma to build up capacities in natural resource management, raise public environmental awareness, support community-based development initiatives; and collaborate with organizations at all levels to advocate for environment policies and development priorities that ensure sustainable ecological, social, cultural and economic benefits and gender equity . Objectives 1. To enhance capacities of local communities and community-based organizations to enable activities for environmental protection and social development 2. To develop indigenous environmental education and materials to increase children and youth awareness and participation in environmental protection 3. To support community-based development initiatives to preserve our environment, cultures and traditional livelihoods 4. To advocate for environment policies and practices and development priorities that are environmentally friendly, socially equitable, culturally beneficial and economically viable 5. To systematize and scale up ongoing efforts to mainstream a gender perspective in all aspects of KESANs program of work."
      Language: English, Karen
      Source/publisher: Karen Environmental and Social Action Network (KESAN)
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 19 November 2009


      Title: Need-Burma : Network for Environment and Economic Development
      Description/subject: ABOUT US: Message from Executive Director; Who We Are; History of NEED; Ecological Crisis in Burma; Why Sustainable Agriculture?; Volunteer... OUR PROJECTS: Model Farm (MF); MF - Our Approach; MF - Activities; MF - Blog; MFI School (MFI); MFI - Overview; MFI - Apply; MFI - FAQ; MFI - Calendar; Village Level Capacity Building (VCB); VCB - Skill Development; VCB - Alumni Activities...RESOURCES & PUBLICATIONS: NEED Publications; NEED Videos; Photo Gallery; Alumni Resources; Related Publications; Resource Links; Contact Us; Donate Now; Sitemap; NEED Feeds; NEED Brochure - "Growing Food, Sharing Knowledge"
      Language: English, Burmese
      Source/publisher: Need-Burma
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 14 March 2012


      Title: OBL's Environment section
      Description/subject: This section contains several articles and reports on economic and enviromental sustainability in Burma
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Online Burma/Myanmar Library
      Date of entry/update: 23 January 2005


      Title: [JICA] Activities in Myanmar
      Description/subject: Development Study on Sustainable Agricultural and Rural Development for Poverty Reduction Programme in the Central Dry Zone
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
      Format/size: html
      Date of entry/update: 01 January 2010


      Individual Documents

      Title: Access Denied - Land Rights and Ethnic Conflict in Burma
      Date of publication: May 2013
      Description/subject: The reform process in Burma/Myanmar by the quasi-civilian government of President Thein Sein has raised hopes that a long overdue solution can be found to more than 60 years of devastating civil war... Burma’s ethnic minority groups have long felt marginalized and discriminated against, resulting in a large number of ethnic armed opposition groups fighting the central government – dominated by the ethnic Burman majority – for ethnic rights and autonomy. The fighting has taken place mostly in Burma’s borderlands, where ethnic minorities are most concentrated. Burma is one of the world’s most ethnically diverse countries. Ethnic minorities make up an estimated 30-40 percent of the total population, and ethnic states occupy some 57 percent of the total land area and are home to poor and often persecuted ethnic minority groups. Most of the people living in these impoverished and war-torn areas are subsistence farmers practicing upland cultivation. Economic grievances have played a central part in fuelling the civil war. While the central government has been systematically exploiting the natural resources of these areas, the money earned has not been (re)invested to benefit the local population... Conclusions and Recommendations: The new land and investment laws benefit large corporate investors and not small- holder farmers, especially in ethnic minority regions, and do not take into account land rights of ethnic communities. The new ceasefires have further facilitated land grabbing in conflict-affected areas where large development projects in resource-rich ethnic regions have already taken place. Many ethnic organisations oppose large-scale economic projects in their territories until inclusive political agreements are reached. Others reject these projects outright. Recognition of existing customary and communal tenure systems in land, water, fisheries and forests is crucial to eradicate poverty and build real peace in ethnic areas; to ensure sustainable livelihoods for marginalized ethnic communities affected by decades of war; and to facilitate the voluntary return of IDPs and refugees. Land grabbing and unsustainable business practices must halt, and decisions on the allocation, use and management of natural resources and regional development must have the participation and consent of local communities. Local communities must be protected by the government against land grabbing. The new land and investment laws should be amended and serve the needs and rights of smallholder farmers, especially in ethnic regions.
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Transnational Institute (TNI), Burma Centre Netherlands
      Format/size: pdf (161K-OBL version; 3.22MB-original)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.tni.org/sites/www.tni.org/files/download/accesdenied-briefing11.pdf
      Date of entry/update: 14 May 2013


      Title: Accessible Alternatives: Ethnic Communities' Contribution to Social Development and Environmental Conservation in Burma (Burmese)
      Date of publication: September 2009
      Description/subject: ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံသဘာဝပတ္ဝန္းက်င္အလုပ္အဖြဲ႔ (စက္တင္ဘာ ၂ဝဝ၉)...ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ သဘာဝပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ အလုပ္အဖြဲ႔ (BEWG) အေၾကာင္း… အစီရင္ခံစာ အက်ဥ္းခ်ဳပ္… ေနရာအမည္မ်ားႏွင့္ ေငြေၾကး အေခၚအေဝၚမွတ္စုမ်ား … ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံေျမပံုႏွင့္ ျဖစ္ရပ္မွန္ေလ့လာမႈေဒသမ်ား … နိဒါန္း … ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္… ေျမလွန္ပစ္ျခင္း။ ဒီေရေတာမ်ား ဖ်က္ဆီး ပစ္ျခင္းႏွင့္ ေဒသခံကမ္းရိုးတမ္း လူမႈ အသုိက္အဝန္းမ်ား အေပၚ သက္ေရာက္ မႈမ်ား။ သဘာဝပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ႏွင့္ စီးပြားေရးဖြံၿဖိဳး တိုးတက္မႈ လုပ္ငန္းကြန္ယက္ (NEED-Burma)… တရုတ္ ေရနံရွာေဖြ တူးေဖာ္ျခင္း ၿခိမ္းေျခာက္မႈကို ခံေန ရေသာ မိရိုးဖလာ ေရနံတြင္းတူးသူမ်ား… အာရ္ရကန္ ေရနံေစာင့္ၾကည့္ ေလ့လာေရးအဖြဲ႔ (AOW)… ကခ်င္ျပည္နယ္ ကခ်င္ ရိုးရာ တုိင္းရင္းေဆး လုပ္ငန္း အစီအစဥ္၊ သဘာဝပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ ထိန္း သိမ္းျခင္းႏွင့္ ဝင္ေငြဖန္တည္းျခင္း အတြက္ အခြင့္ အလမ္းမ်ားဖန္တီးျခင္း။ ပန္ကခ်င္လူမႈအသိုက္အဝန္း ဖြံ႔ၿဖဳိးတိုးတက္ေရးအဖြဲ႔ (PKDS)… ဟူးေကာင္း ခ်ိဳင့္ဝွမ္း က်ားထိန္းသိမ္းေရး နယ္ေျမရွိ ကခ်င္ျပည္သူမ်ား အခန္းက႑၊ ကခ်င္ ဖြံ႔ၿဖိဳးတိုးတက္ေရး လုပ္ငန္းကြန္ယက္အဖြဲ႔ (KDNG) … ကရင္ျပည္နယ္ အတြင္းရိွ။ သဘာဝ ပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ ကာကြယ္ေစာင့္ ေရွာက္ျခင္း။ ဌာေန တုိင္းရင္း သားမ်ား အသိပညာ ႏွင့္ အသက္ေမြးဝမ္းေက်ာင္းမႈ၊ သဘာဝ ပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ ထိန္းသိမ္းေသာ လူမႈအသိုက္အဝန္းတစ္ခု ကိုေလ့လာျခင္း၊ ကရင္သဘာဝ ပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ ႏွင့္ လူမႈေရး လႈပ္ရွားမႈ ကြန္ယက္ (KESAN) … ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ သဘာဝ ပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ အလုပ္အဖြဲ႔ ကရင္ျပည္ နယ္ ေျမာက္ ဘက္ျခမ္း အတြင္း အစားအစာ လံုၿခံဳမႈ ႏွင့္ ေဒသခံ ျပည္သူမ်ား ရင္ဆိုင္ ေျဖရွင္းျခင္း နည္းလမ္းမ်ား အေပၚၿခိမ္းေျခာက္မႈမ်ား။ ကရင္သဘာဝ ပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ ႏွင့္ လူမႈေရး လႈပ္ရွားမႈ ကြန္ယက္ (KESAN)… ပဲခူးတိုင္း။ ေရႊက်င္ၿမိဳ႔နယ္အတြင္း ေရႊတူးေဖာ္ျခင္း။ ေျမကမာၻအခြင့္အေရး(EarthRights International)… ႏွစ္ျမဳပ္ပစ္လိုက္ျခင္း - တာဆန္းေရကာတာ ႏွင့္ ေဒသခံ ရွမ္းလူမႈအသိုက္ အဝန္းႏွင့္သဘာဝ ပတ္ဝန္းက်င္အေပၚ သက္ေရာက္မႈ။ ရွမ္းသဘာဝ ပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ထိန္းသိမ္းေရး အဖြဲ႔ (Sapawa)… မူးယစ္ေဆးဝါး တိုင္းျပည္ တည္ေဆာက္ျခင္း ႏွင့္ သႏာၱေက်ာက္တန္း ေဖာက္ခြဲျခင္း။ ညံ့ဖ်င္းသည့္ ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္က ေက်ာေထာက္ ေနာက္ခံ ျပဳ ထားေသာ ဖြံၿဖိဳး တိုးတက္ေရး လုပ္ငန္း စီမံခ်က္မ်ားႏွင့္ လားဟူ ျပည္သူမ်ားအေပၚ သက္ေရာက္မႈမ်ား။ လားဟူအမ်ိဳးသား ဖြံ႔ၿဖိဳးတိုးတက္ေရးအဖြဲ႔ (LNDO)…
      Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
      Source/publisher: Burma Environmental Working Group (BEWG)
      Format/size: pdf (5.46MB)
      Date of entry/update: 12 February 2012


      Title: Accessible Alternatives: Ethnic Communities' Contribution to Social Development and Environmental Conservation in Burma (English)
      Date of publication: September 2009
      Description/subject: CONTENTS Acknowledgments ...About BEWG ... Executive Summary... Notes on Place Names and Currency... Burma Map & Case Study Areas ... Introduction ..... Arakan State: Cut into the Ground: The Destruction of Mangroves and its Impacts on Local Coastal Communities (Network for Environmental and Economic Development - Burma)... Traditional Oil Drillers Threatened by China�s Oil Exploration (Arakan Oil Watch)..... Kachin State: Kachin Herbal Medicine Initiative: Creating Opportunities for Conservation and Income Generation (Pan Kachin Development Society) ... The Role of Kachin People in the Hugawng Valley Tiger Reserve (Kachin Development Networking Group) ..... Karen State: Environmental Protection, Indigenous Knowledge and Livelihood in Karen State: A Focus on Community Conserved Areas (Karen Environmental and Social Action Network) ... Threats to Food Security and Local Coping Strategies in Northern Karen State (Karen Environmental and Social Action Network) ... Gold Mining in Shwegyin Township, Pegu Division (EarthRights International) ..... Shan State: Drowned Out: The Tasang Dam and its Impacts on Local Shan Communities and the Environment (Shan Sapawa Environmental Organization) ... Building up of the Narco-State and Reef Blasting: Failed State-Sponsored Development Projects and their Impacts on the Lahu People (Lahu National Development Organization)
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Burma Environmental Working Group (BEWG)
      Format/size: pdf (2.3MB - OBL version; 7.3MB - original)
      Alternate URLs: http://www.kesan.asia/Resources/bewg_report.pdf
      Date of entry/update: 04 December 2009


      Title: ANOTHER DEVELOPMENT FOR BURMA'
      Date of publication: 12 January 2003
      Description/subject: Report from the High-Level Seminar...Table of contents: Introduction; The Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation and Another development; Summary of presentations; Kjell-Åke Nordquist of the Peace and Conflict Research Department at Uppsala University: 'Priorities in Transition' and �Post-Transitional Challenges'; Walden Bello of Focus on the Global South: �International Institutions, Transnational Corporations and Globalisation – Future Challenges and Alternative Perspectives'; Sheila Coronel of the Philippine Centre for Investigative Journalism: 'The Role of Media in the Struggle for Democracy', �The Role of Media During Transition' and �The Right to Know'; Emilia Pires of the Ministry of Planning and Finances of East Timor: 'Strategies for Development '; Appendix I, Programme; Appendix II, International Resource Persons; Appendix III, List of Participants...
      Language: English
      Source/publisher: Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation
      Format/size: pdf
      Date of entry/update: 23 January 2005


      Title: ANOTHER DEVELOPMENT FOR BURMA: Priorities in Transition / ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံဖြံ႔ၿဖိဳးတိုးတက္ေရးအျခားနည္းလမ္း - အသြင္ကူးေျပာင္းေရးအ
      Date of publication: 2004
      Description/subject: Preface ... Introduction ... The Dag Hammarskjold Foundation and Another Development"... Kjell-Ake Nordquist: "Priorities in Transition and Post-Transitional Challenges" ... Walden Bello: "International Institutions, Transnational Corporations and Globalisation: Future Challenges and Alternative Perspectives" ... Sheila Coronel: "The Role of Media in the Struggle for Democracy, the Role of Media during Transition and the Right to Know" ... Emilia Pires: "Strategies for Development - Experiences from East Timor" ... International Resource Persons..... အမွာစကား ... နိဒါန္း ... “ဒက္ဟမ္မားရိးေဖာင္ေဒးရွင္းႏွင့္ ဖြံ႔ၿဖိဳးတိုးတက္ေရးအတြက္ အျခားနည္းလမ္း ေဟာေျပာ တင္ျပခ်က္မ်ား ၏အက်ဥ္းခ်ဳပ္” ... “အသြင္ကူးေျပာင္းေရးတြင္ ဦးစားေပးေဆာင္ရြက္ ရမည့္ အခ်က္မ်ားႏွင့္ အသြင္ကူးေျပာင္းျပီးေနာက္ ေတြ႔ႀကံဳရ မည့္ ျပႆနာစိမ္ေခၚခ်က္မ်ား” ... “ႏိုင္ငံတကာအဖြဲ႔အစည္း မ်ား၊ ႏိုင္ငံေဘာင္ေက်ာ္ေကာ္ပိုေရးရွင္းႀကီးမ်ားႏွင့္ ဂလိုဘယ္လိုက္ေဇးရွင္း၊ အနာဂတ္ျပႆနာစိန္ေခၚခ်က္မ်ားႏွင့္ အျခားအျမင္ရေဒါင့္မ်ား” ... “ဒီမိုကေရစီတိုက္ပြဲတြင္း မီဒီယာ၏အခန္းက႑၊ အသြင္ကူးေျပာင္းေရးကာလအတြင္း မီဒီယာ၏ အခန္းက႑ႏွင့္ ျပည္သူလူထု၏ သတင္းမ်ားရရွိပိုင္ခြင့္”... “ဖြံ႔ၿဖိဳးတိုးတက္ေရး မဟာဗ်ဴဟာမ်ား၊ အေရွ႔တီေမာ အေတြ႔အႀကံဳ” ... “ႏိုင္ငံတကာမွ ဖိတ္ၾကားေဟာေျပာေစေသာပညာရွင္မ်ား”
      Language: English/Burmese
      Source/publisher: Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation
      Format/size: pdf (397K)
      Date of entry/update: 04 October 2012


      Title: Community Agriculture Handbook
      Date of publication: June 2009
      Language: Karen
      Source/publisher: Karen Environmental and Social Action Network (KESAN)
      Format/size: pdf (1.7MB)
      Date of entry/update: 19 November 2009


  • Development in Myanmar - general articles

    Individual Documents

    Title: A Comparative Study of State-Led Development in Myanmar (1988–2010) and Suharto’s Indonesia: An Approach from the Developmental State Theory
    Date of publication: 2011
    Description/subject: Abstract: "This article explores the institutionalization of state-led development in Myanmar after 1988 in comparison with Suharto’s Indonesia. The analysis centres on the characteristics and theory of developmental states that emerged from the studies of East Asian countries like Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan. In Southeast Asia, Suharto’s Indonesia was perceived as a successful case and was studied by scholars in line with the characteristics of the developmental state. The Tatmadaw (military) government in Myanmar was believed to follow the model of state-led development in Indonesia under Suharto where the military took the role of establishing economic and political development. However, Myanmar has yet to achieve its goal of building a successful state-led development. Therefore, this paper argues that implementing an efficient and effective institutionalization is essential for a successful state-led development (developmental state) in Myanmar.".... Keywords: Myanmar, Suharto’s Indonesia, state-led development, developmental state, institutionalization....ISSN: 1868-4882 (online), ISSN: 1868-1034 (print
    Author/creator: Sai Khaing Myo Tun
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs 1/2011: 69-94
    Format/size: pdf (230K)
    Date of entry/update: 21 August 2011


    Title: A NEW DAWN FOR EQUITABLE GROWTH IN MYANMAR? Making the private sector work for small - scale agriculture
    Date of publication: 04 June 2013
    Description/subject: "The new wave of political reforms have set Myanmar on a road to unprecedented economic expansion, but, without targeted policy efforts and regulation to even the playing field, the benefits of new investment will filter down to only a few, leaving small - scale farmers – the backbone of the Myanmar economy – unable to benefit from this growth...KEY RECOMMENDATIONS: If Myanmar is to meet its ambitions on equitable growth, political leaders must put new policies and regulation to generate equitable growth at the heart of their democratic reform agenda. Along with democratic reforms, and action to end human-rights abuses, these policies must: * Address power inequalities in the markets; * Put small-scale farmers at the center of new agricultural investments; * Close loopholes in law and practice that leave the poorest open to land-rights abuses..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: OXFAM
    Format/size: pdf (266K-OBL version; 314K-original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/ib-equitable-growth-myanmar-040613-en.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 01 July 2013


    Title: A NEW DAWN FOR EQUITABLE GROWTH IN MYANMAR? Making the private sector work for small-scale agriculture
    Date of publication: 04 June 2013
    Description/subject: "The new wave of political reforms have set Myanmar on a road to unprecedented economic expansion, but, without targeted policy efforts and regulation to even the playing field, the benefits of new investment will filter down to only a few, leaving small-scale farmers – the backbone of the Myanmar economy – unable to benefit from this growth. If Myanmar is to meet its ambitions on equitable growth, political leaders must put new policies and regulation to generate equitable growth at the heart of their democratic reform agenda. These must address power inequalities in the markets, put small-scale farmers at the centre of new agricultural investments, and close loopholes in law and practice that leave the poorest open to land-rights abuses...KEY RECOMMENDATIONS: If Myanmar is to meet its ambitions on equitable growth, political leaders must put new policies and regulation to generate equitable growth at the heart of their democratic reform agenda. Along with democratic reforms, and action to end human-rights abuses, these policies must: * Address power inequalities in the markets; * Put small-scale farmers at the center of new agricultural investments; * Close loopholes in law and practice that leave the poorest open to land-rights abuses..."
    Author/creator: Jasmine Burnley
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: OXFAM
    Format/size: pdf (314K)
    Date of entry/update: 16 June 2014


    Title: Excluded - Burma’s Ethnic Nationalities on the Margins of Development & Democracy
    Date of publication: December 2012
    Description/subject: "This report presents documented evidence that ethnic nationalities directly affected by development projects in Burma are systematically denied their right to free, prior, and informed consent (FPIC). While development related abuse has been well documented, no report has shed light on the staggering scale of the widespread denial of participation rights in Burma...Our research shows that: • Close to 90% of those surveyed did not receive any information about the development project before it was started by a decision maker. In all but 2 sites, not one person was given any information. • Approximately 80% of the total survey population did not know who to contact or where to go to find out more information about the project. In 3 sites, the figure soared to 100%. • Less than 1% said a public forum was held by a project decision maker where the local community could attend. • Of the total sample population, less than 2% felt they would not be punished if they sought information about the project. • Close to half (44.1%) felt unsafe seeking further information about the project, while 45.2% were not sure whether it was safe or unsafe. • Less than 1% experienced positive impacts from the development project... This report is meant to serve as a warning of the risks entailed in denying participation rights as well as a reminder to potential investors of their human rights obligations..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Nationalities Youth Forum (NY-Forum) and Students Youth Congress of Burma (SYCB)
    Format/size: pdf (1.9MB)
    Date of entry/update: 15 May 2013


    Title: Karen Group Criticizes JICA Development Proposals
    Date of publication: 20 February 2014
    Description/subject: "An ethnic Karen group has criticized an extensive report by the Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA) about proposals for development projects in southeastern Burma. The 593-page report by JICA and Burma’s Ministry of Border Affairs proposes wide-ranging development projects for Karen and Mon states, with the purpose of facilitating the eventual return of Burmese refugees. But the Karen Environmental and Social Action Network (KESAN), a Thailand-based NGO focused on land rights and peace in Karen State, blasted the report on Wednesday for lacking input from local residents. The group said in a statement that the report, which was published in October, also fails to adequately address the development challenges created by decades of armed conflict in the region, while suggesting projects that could open the door to land-grabs."
    Author/creator: Nyein Nyein
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 02 March 2014


    Title: KESAN's Briefing on Japanese Government Plan for Development of Southeast Burma/Myanmar
    Date of publication: 19 February 2014
    Description/subject: "Japan's international aid agency has recently released a detailed framework for the future development of southeast Burma. This brief analysis summarizes the main content of the report, and raises concerns about the process of the study and its underlying assumptions."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Kesan
    Format/size: html, pdf (404K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.kesan.asia/index.php/what-we-do/advocacy-campaign/development-and-resources-extraction-m...
    Date of entry/update: 02 March 2014


    Title: National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan [Myanmar]
    Date of publication: 30 April 2014
    Description/subject: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: "The United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is a framework for national action for the conservation of biodiversity, the sustainable use of its components, and the equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources. According to Article 6 of the Convention, each member country needs to develop its own National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP) to integrate conservation and the sustainable use of biodiversity. In order to fulfill this commitment to the Convention, Myanmar conducted a project entitled National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan in Myanmar (NBSAP Myanmar). The Government Meeting No. 17/2006 of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, held on 25th May 2006, approved to formulate NBSAP of Myanmar. The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) and Global Environment Facility (GEF) agreed to support the technique and funding in formulating NBSAP. With approval of the Government Meeting No. 11/2009 of of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar held on 19th March 2009, Forest Department of the Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar has signed the Project Cooperation Agreement (PCA) with UNEP, a GEF Implementing Agency, which is also accountable to the GEF Council for GEF financed activities, on 10th April 2009. The NBSAP is the outcome of extensive data and information collating and analysis, as well as a series of workshops and working group meetings with participation from government departments, NGOs, and academic institutions. Based on the consultations, discussions, comments, suggestions and updated information of biodiversity and natural resources in the country, the NBSAP has been prepared and approved by national stakeholders. The NBSAP will act as the major guiding document for planning biodiversity conservation in the country, following its goal to provide a strategic planning framework for the effective and efficient conservation and management of biodiversity and natural resources based on greater transparency, accountability and equity. On 3rd May of 2012, the Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar adopted the Myanmar NBSAP by its Government Meeting No. 16/2012. The NBSAP is composed of six major chapters, which start with a general description of Myanmar’s biodiversity and then extends to a strategy for the sustainability of biodiversity conservation. Chapter 1 provides a general introduction to Myanmar, as well as objectives and methodology of the NBSAP. In Chapter 2, a detailed description about the diversity in ecosystems, habitats and species in Myanmar is presented, including the indication on species’ status as being endemic, threatened or invasive. Chapter 3 discusses the background of national policies, institutions and legal frameworks applicable to biodiversity conservation in Myanmar. Chapter 4 analyses and highlights conservation priorities, major threats to the conservation of biodiversity as well as the important matter of sustainable and equitable use of biological resources in Myanmar. Chapter 5 presents the comprehensive national strategy and action plans for implementing biodiversity conservation in Myanmar within a 5-year framework that includes strengthening and expanding on priority sites for conservation, mainstreaming of biodiversity conservation in other sectors and policies, implementing of priority species conservation, supporting for more active participation of NGOs and other institutions in society towards biodiversity conservation, implementing actions towards biosafety and invasive species issues, strengthening legislative process for environmental conservation and enhancing awareness on biodiversity conservation. In this chapter, sustainable management of natural resources and development of ecotourism are also mentioned. Chapter 6 presents the required institutional mechanism for improving biodiversity conservation, the monitoring and evaluation of the implementation, as well as sustainability, of the NBSAP. It is trusted that the NBSAP provides a comprehensive framework for planning biodiversity conservation, management and utilization in a sustainable manner, as well as to ensure the long term survival of Myanmar’s rich biodiversity."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: The Republic of the Union of Myanmar
    Format/size: pdf (2.8MB-reduced verson; 5.6MB-original version)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs17/Biodiversity%20strategy%20and%20action%20plan.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 23 May 2014


    Title: PREPARATORY SURVEY FOR THE INTEGRATED REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT FOR ETHNIC MINORITIES IN THE SOUTH-EAST MYANMAR. I. Planning for Return and Settlement (Powerpoint presentation)
    Date of publication: June 2013
    Description/subject: 1. Three types of areas for return and settlement supports...2. Location of three types of areas for return and settlement supports...3. Approach to development in Type 1 areas...4. Approach to development in Type 2 areas...5. Approach to development in Type 3 areas...6. Principles for return and settlement supports... Comments by Steve Thompson
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: RECS International Inc. Nippon Koei Co., Ltd. Oriental Consultants Co., Ltd
    Format/size: ppt (342K)
    Date of entry/update: 02 March 2014


    Title: PREPARATORY SURVEY FOR THE INTEGRATED REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT FOR ETHNIC MINORITIES IN THE SOUTH-EAST MYANMAR II. Planning for Integrated Regional Development of Southeast Myanmar (Powerpoint presentation)
    Date of publication: June 2013
    Description/subject: 1. Economic Corridors Development...2. Artery Road Network for Southeast Myanmar...3. Industrial Clusters Development...4. Rubber Industrial Cluster...5. Wood and Bamboo Works Industrial Cluster...6. Cashew Industrial Cluster...8. River Basins Water Resources Development and Management Program...9. Megatat River Basin Water Resources Development and Management...10. Bilin River Basin Water Resources Development and Management...11.Dontami River and Ye River Basin Water Resources Development and Management...12. Melaga River Basin Water Resources Development and Management...13. Yunzalin River Basin Water Resources Development and Management...14.Payathonezu Settlement Areas Development Program...15. Returnees Empowerment Center (REC)...16. Conciliatory Access Improvement Program...17. Water Supply Improvement Program...18. Problem Structure Analysis...19. Objectives for Regional Development of Southeast Myanmar...20. Basic Strategy for Regional Development of Southeast Myanmar...21.Vision for Regional Development of Southeast Myanmar...22. Factors Supporting the Regional Development Vision...23. Important Concepts to Support the Regional Development of Southeast Myanmar...24. Development Scenario...25. Preparatory Phase: up to 2015/16...26. Phase 1: 2016/17~2020/21...27. Phase 2: 2021/22~2025/26...28. Phase 3: 2026/26~2035/36...29. Future Characteristic of Southeast Myanmar. Comments in red by Steve Thompson
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: RECS International Inc. Nippon Koei Co., Ltd. Oriental Consultants Co., Ltd
    Format/size: ppt (4.5MB)
    Date of entry/update: 02 March 2014


    Title: PREPARATORY SURVEY FOR THE INTEGRATED REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT FOR ETHNIC MINORITIES IN THE SOUTHEAST MYANMAR (PART 1)
    Date of publication: 13 October 2013
    Description/subject: CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION... CHAPTER 2 - EXISTING CONDITIONS OF ENVIRONMENT IN SOUTHEAST MYANMAR...CHAPTER 3 EXISTING CONDITIONS OF SOCIO-ECONOMY OF SOUTHEAST MYANMAR...CHAPTER 4 - EXISTING CONDITIONS OF INFRASTRUCTURE IN SOUTHEAST MYANMAR.
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: MYANMAR MINISTRY OF BORDER AFFAIRS, JAPAN INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION AGENCY (JICA)
    Format/size: pdf (7.7MB)
    Date of entry/update: 02 March 2014


    Title: PREPARATORY SURVEY FOR THE INTEGRATED REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT FOR ETHNIC MINORITIES IN THE SOUTHEAST MYANMAR (PART 2)
    Date of publication: 13 October 2013
    Description/subject: CHAPTER 5 - EXISTING CONDITIONS OF SOCIAL FACILITIES AND SERVICES IN SOUTHEAST MYANMAR...CHAPTER 6 - RAPID DEVELOPMENT DIAGNOSIS BY TOWNSHIP...CHAPTER 7 - REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT POTENTIALS OF SOUTHEAST MYANMAR...CHAPTER 8 - EXISTING CONDITIONS AND PROSPECTS FOR RETURN AND SETTLEMENT OF REFUGEES AND IDPS IN SOUTH EAST MYANMAR
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: MYANMAR MINISTRY OF BORDER AFFAIRS, JAPAN INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION AGENCY (JICA)
    Format/size: pdf (7.4MB)
    Date of entry/update: 02 March 2014


    Title: PREPARATORY SURVEY FOR THE INTEGRATED REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT FOR ETHNIC MINORITIES IN THE SOUTHEAST MYANMAR FINAL REPORT - SUMMARY
    Date of publication: 13 October 2013
    Description/subject: CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION: 1.1Background; 1.2Study Scope and Objectives... CHAPTER 2 - CHARACTERISTIC OF SOUTHEAST MYANMAR AND ITS POSITION IN THE UNION OF MYANMAR: 2.1Characteristics of Southeast Myanmar; 2.1.1Land and population; 2.1.2Natural conditions; 2.1.3Economy; 2.2Position of Southeast Myanmar in Union of Myanmar; 2.2.1Natural and physical conditions; 2.2.2Socio-economic conditions; 2.2.3Position of Southeast Myanmar in national development... CHAPTER 3 - REGIONAL DEVELOPMENTPOTENTIALS OF SOUTHEAST MYANMAR: 3.1Economic Corridors Development; 3.1.1East-west economic corridors; 3.1.2Southern economic corridors; 3.1.3Additional regional economic corridors; 3.2Development of FTZ and Industrial Estates; 3.3Industrial Clusters Development; 3.3.1Rubber industrial cluster; 3.3.2Wood and bamboo works industrial cluster; 3.3.3Cashew industrial cluster; 3.3.4Other possible industrial clusters; 3.4Urban Development; 3.4.1Regional cities development; 3.4.2Border towns development; 3.4.3Urban hierarchy and city networking... CHAPTER 4 - PLANNING FOR RETURN AND SETTLEMENT: 4.1Planning Framework; 4.2Development Directions to Promote Peace; 4.2.1First type areas; 4.2.2Second type areas; 4.2.3Third type areas; 4.3Principles for Development for Peace; 4.3.1Settlement areas development; 4.3.2Provision of information; 4.3.3Border areas development; 4.3.4Issue based dialogues between peace groups and State Government... CHAPTER 5 - PLANNING FOR REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF SOUTHEAST MYANMAR: 5.1.1Problem structure analysis; 5.1.2Objectives and basic strategy for regional development of Southeast Myanmar; 5.1.3Vision for regional development of Southeast Myanmar; 5.2Development Scenario; 5.2.1Development phasing; 5.2.2Preparatory phase: up to 2015/16; 5.2.3Phase 1: 2016/17-20/21... CHAPTER 6 - RECOMMENDATION FOR SUBSEQUENT STAGE: 6.1Return and Settlement Support and IntegratedRegional Development Master Plan; 6.1.1Return and settlement planning (Project 1.1); 6.1.2Implementation of pilot projects (Project 1.2); 6.1.3Integrated regional development master planning (Project 1.3); 6.2Feasibility Study of Hpayarthonesu -Thanbyuzayat Road with EIA (Project 2); 6.3Water Supply Improvement Program (Project 3); 6.4Mini Hydro Power Development Program (Project 4); 6.5Roads and Bridges Improvement Program; 6.5.1Artery and sub-artery roads strengthening project (Project 5.1); 6.5.2Access roads improvement project (Project 5.2); 6.5.3Ethnic group areas access improvement project (Project 5.3); 6.6Power Supply Network Expansion Program (Project 6); 6.7Industrial Clusters Promotion Program (Project 7); 6.8Industrial Estates Related Infrastructure Development (Project 8); 6.9Mixed and Integrated Farming Promotion Program (Project 9); 6.10Productive Re-forestation Program (Project 10); 6.11Social Development Model Project (Project 11); 6.12Implementation Support for Integrated Regional Development Master Plan (Project 12); 6.13Feasibility Study of Kyaikkhami Regional Port Stage 1 (Project 13); 6.14River Basin Development and Management Master Plan (Project 14); 6.15D/D of Hpayarthonesu –Thanbyuzayat Road (Project 15).
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: MYANMAR MINISTRY OF BORDER AFFAIRS, JAPAN INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION AGENCY (JICA)
    Format/size: pdf (1.1MB)
    Date of entry/update: 02 March 2014


    Title: The politics of the emerging agro-industrial complex in Asia’s ‘final frontier’ - The war on food sovereignty in Burma
    Date of publication: 03 September 2013
    Description/subject: "Burma's dramatic turn-around from 'axis of evil' to western darling in the past year has been imagined as Asia's 'final frontier' for global finance institutions, markets and capital. Burma's agrarian landscape is home to three-fourths of the country's total population which is now being constructed as a potential prime investment sink for domestic and international agribusiness. The Global North's development aid industry and IFIs operating in Burma has consequently repositioned itself to proactively shape a pro-business legal environment to decrease political and economic risks to enable global finance capital to more securely enter Burma's markets, especially in agribusiness. But global capitalisms are made in localized places - places that make and are made from embedded social relations. This paper uncovers how regional political histories that are defined by very particular racial and geographical undertones give shape to Burma's emerging agro-industrial complex. The country's still smoldering ethnic civil war and fragile untested liberal democracy is additionally being overlain with an emerging war on food sovereignty. A discursive and material struggle over land is taking shape to convert subsistence agricultural landscapes and localized food production into modern, mechanized industrial agro-food regimes. This second agrarian transformation is being fought over between a growing alliance among the western development aid and IFI industries, global finance capital, and a solidifying Burmese military-private capitalist class against smallholder farmers who work and live on the country's now most valuable asset - land. Grassroots resistances increasingly confront the elite capitalist class' attempts to corporatize food production through the state's rule of law and police force. Farmers, meanwhile, are actively developing their own shared vision of food sovereignty and pro-poor land reform that desires greater attention.... Food Sovereignty: a critical dialogue, 14 - 15 September, New Haven.
    Author/creator: Kevin Woods
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Transnational Institute (TNI)
    Format/size: pdf (593K)
    Date of entry/update: 04 September 2013


    Title: United Nations Strategic Framework 2012-2015 [Myanmar]
    Date of publication: 19 January 2012
    Description/subject: Table of Contents: Foreword... Signatories: October 2011... Acronyms and Abbreviations... Map of UN offices in Myanmar... Section I: Development Context... Human Development and the MDGs.... UN in Myanmar.... Section II: The Strategic Framework... Strategic Priority 1: Encourage inclusive growth (both rural and urban), including agricultural development and enhancement of employment opportunities ... Strategic Priority 2: Increase equitable access to quality social services..... Strategic Priority 3: Reduce vulnerability to natural disasters and climate change.... Strategic Priority 4: Promote good governance and strengthen democratic institutions and human rights... Section III: Resource Requirements... Section IV: Management and Implementation.... Section V: Monitoring and Evaluation..... Section VI: Operationalization of the UN Strategic Framework
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: United Nations Country Team in Myanmar
    Format/size: pdf (2.6MB)
    Alternate URLs: http://unic.un.org/imucms/userfiles/yangon/file/UN_Strategic_Framework_for_Myanmar_2012-2015.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 21 November 2012


  • International Development Aid to Burma/Myanmar

    Individual Documents

    Title: RIDING THE WAVE OF REFORM - Fast-tracking Myanmar's future with good-quality aid
    Date of publication: 21 January 2014
    Description/subject: "In 2011, following decades of isolation, Myanmar embarked on an unprecedented reform process, raising hopes for a new democracy. These reforms have been welcomed by the international community with rising levels of aid. If properly handled and spent, aid offers an opportunity to ha rness Myanmar’s economic potential and make it work for poor people – reducing inequality, providing essential services, building resilience, and promoting sustainable investment. This paper explores what good - quality aid should look like for Myanmar, what it could deliver for those living in poverty, and what decision makers can learn from other countries, to ensure that aid is a catalyst for democratic reform, equitable growth, and peace..."
    Author/creator: Jasmine Burnley, Javier Pereira
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: OXFAM
    Format/size: pdf (752K - reduced version; 1MB-original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/bp-riding-wave-reform-myanmar-aid-210114-en.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 16 June 2014


  • Development and the civil war

    Individual Documents

    Title: Lessons from the Kachin “development” experience (Kachin, English, Burmese)
    Date of publication: May 2012
    Description/subject: "Burma’s government is using the promise of development as a key component in its current peace negotiations with armed ethnic organizations, proposing ceasefire first, then development, and finally a national political agreement. This process has been tried before in Kachin State with disastrous consequences. This report summarizes findings from seven years of research and demonstrates that the Kachin experience should serve as a warning to other ethnic groups attempting peace through a similar process. Without a political resolution first, there can be no just or sustainable development of Burma..."
    Language: English, Kachin, Burmese
    Source/publisher: Kachin Development Networking Group (KDNG)
    Format/size: pdf (1MB-English; 770K-Burmese; 873K-Kachin)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.kdng.org/publication/236-lessons-from-the-kachin-development-experience.html
    http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs13/lessons_from_the_kachin_development_experience(bu)-red.pdf
    http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs13/lessons_from_the_kachin_development_experience(kachin)-red.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 17 May 2012


    Title: Rural development and displacement: SPDC abuses in Toungoo District
    Date of publication: 13 January 2009
    Description/subject: "The SPDC has continued to militarise larger and larger swaths of Toungoo District under the false banner of 'development', subjecting local villagers to forced labour and extortion and forcing others to flee into hiding. Life is hard for villagers both under and outside of SPDC control: villagers living within SPDC-controlled areas are often forced to work for the SPDC rather than focus on their own livelihoods while villagers in hiding continue to struggle with a shortage of food. Ultimately, many residents of Toungoo face a mounting food crisis that is a direct result of SPDC policy. This report discusses incidents that occurred between May and September 2008..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group Field Reports (KHRG #2009-F1)
    Format/size: pdf (850 KB)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2009/khrg09f1.html
    Date of entry/update: 31 October 2009


    Title: SPDC road construction plans creating problems for civilians
    Date of publication: 27 January 2006
    Description/subject: "In the opinion of one KHRG field researcher, “The SPDC’s road construction plans are related to the Salween dam project.” The dam itself, however, is partly a weapon to extend the regime’s control. The SPDC and its predecessors have tried to military crush all resistance in the Karen hills for over 50 years already without success, so ‘development projects’ like roads and dams are a new tactic for penetrating areas where resistance forces are strong and forcing villagers out of the hills to settle in state-controlled areas. The first to suffer from the road construction are the villagers living under SPDC control, who have to secure the road construction, carry loads, act as messengers and provide food and materials. Many will also have their fields or irrigation systems destroyed and their livelihoods undermined. Then will come the effects on displaced villagers living beyond SPDC control, whose mobility and security will be threatened by the roads and increased militarisation, undermining their food security, physical security, and their children’s access to education. The SPDC forces would like these people to go and live under their control, but the villagers know that if they stay under SPDC control they will have to do forced labour as porters, carrying loads, and as messengers, and will face extortion and looting of their money, livestock and belongings. There is some speculation that the dam project itself, by threatening the territory and supply lines of resistance forces, could also lead to intensified armed conflict, and villagers in the area would be the first to suffer from this. Dozens of villages and huge areas of forest and farmland would be inundated, most likely with no compensation offered to villagers except the option of moving to an SPDC-controlled village where they would be landless labourers, regularly exploited for forced labour. The future is therefore very uncertain for the thousands of Karen villagers living in this region."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group Orders Reports (KHRG #2006-B1)
    Format/size: pdf (338 KB)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2006/khrg06b1.html
    Date of entry/update: 28 January 2006


    Title: Why ceasefires fail in Myanmar
    Date of publication: 18 May 2012
    Description/subject: "In northern Myanmar, government troops continue to push into the heartland of the ethnic Kachin armed opposition. Next month, the renewed conflict will mark its first birthday, and while protracted fighting has eased in other areas of the ethnically diverse country, the battle for Kachin State rages on. The limited gains made by government negotiators with at least six ethnic rebel groups over the past year make the Kachin Independence Army (KIA) something of an anomaly. Lower House member of parliament Aung Thaung, whose hawkish persona was seen as ripe for the recalcitrant group, was recently retired from his post as peace broker. More than five high-level meetings with Kachin officials failed to net a result, and as additional battalions are deployed to the frontline, the prospect of a ceasefire anytime soon seems unlikely. The narrative runs that the Kachin distrust the government, which they fear could renege on an agreement and rekindle the conflict at any time. But their reluctance to sign a ceasefire runs deeper; indeed it is their experience with the recent era of "peace" that makes the three-point roadmap demanded by Aung Thaung - entailing a ceasefire and then economic development before cementing a political solution - so objectionable. Among Kachin civilians, the 1994 ceasefire deal was seen to facilitate the rapacious development of the state, which 33 years of insurgency had somewhat stifled. The inflow of investment came with alarming levels of environmental degradation, particularly around areas rich in minerals, timber and hydropower potential. While the abuses associated with fighting lessened, including forced portering and rape, the number of people displaced by the development drive may well have taken a heavier toll than the years of conflict..."
    Author/creator: Francis Wade
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "Asia Times Online"
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 17 May 2012


  • Microfinance

    Websites/Multiple Documents

    Title: Results of a Google search for Myanmar microfinance
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Google
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 July 2014


    Individual Documents

    Title: Microcrédit et changement social au Myanmar (Birmanie)
    Date of publication: 2007
    Description/subject: Une étude anthropologique et économique dans l’État Chin..."La recherche qui est restituée ici a pour objectif de comprendre l’influence d’une structure de microfinance dans une région enclavée du nord-est du Myanmar, l’État Chin. Depuis quinze ans, la microfinance a conquis ses lettres de noblesse. Fondée sur des crédits de petits montants et un principe de caution mutuelle au sein de groupes d’emprunteurs, elle permet de donner accès au crédit à des populations qui étaient exclues de l’accès à un crédit formel. C’est une des actions emblématiques de la lutte contre la pauvreté et un ensemble très riche d’expériences et de savoir-faire s’est constitué au travers des réussites et des échecs. Pourtant, si de nombreuses études d’impact ont été menées, rares sont celles qui replacent l’offre de crédit et la façon dont les clients l’utilisent dans le contexte plus large des évolutions sociales et économiques de la zone concernée. La plupart d’entre elles relèvent des « suivis de clientèle », des études de satisfaction. Les études d’impact, y compris celles qui ont été réalisées au Gret jusqu’à présent, se centrent sur les usages du crédit pour les différents types de clients avec une approche semi-quantitative : en fonction des objectifs, il s’agit de préciser la clientèle touchée et les éventuels exclus, de savoir quelles sont les principales utilisations (audelà des objectifs annoncés lors de l’emprunt), de mesurer quels sont les effets perçus par les clients, de mieux comprendre qui sont les non-clients et pourquoi certains anciens clients quittent le dispositif. Parfois, l’objectif est aussi de préciser les stratégies de recours au microcrédit dans les stratégies de gestion de la trésorerie familiale, par rapport à une « offre » préexistante (usuriers, commerçants faisant de l’avance sur récolte, entraide familiale ou de voisinage, etc.). Globalement, on se centre sur le crédit, ses usages, ses effets, avec le fait que la fongibilité du crédit (l’argent emprunté se fond dans la trésorerie familiale) rend difficile d’imputer tel effet au crédit lui-même. Les dynamiques économiques locales, les trajectoires des ménages emprunteurs même, restent souvent dans l’ombre. On lit des effets incontestables (une régulation des problèmes de trésorerie, des petites logiques d’accumulation, parfois des “success stories” construites au fil de la succession des crédits, parfois une baisse de la demande après quelques années) sans que les ressorts de ces effets soient véritablement mis en lumière. L’étude d’impact restituée ici part d’un tout autre point de vue. Confiée à un anthropologue du CNRS, spécialiste du Myanmar (François Robinne) et un agroéconomiste spécialiste de la microfinance (Grégoire Danel-Fédou), elle vise à comprendre si, dans quel sens et par quels processus, l’accès à la microfinance a eu des impacts sur les dynamiques sociales et économiques en cours dans la région. Si les nombreux entretiens approfondis portent bien sur le crédit et ses usages, il s’agit avant tout de le replacer dans ces dynamiques, de comprendre les stratégies économiques familiales dans un contexte en profonde évolution, et le rôle qu’a eu l’accès au crédit dans les trajectoires familiales, dans la capacité différenciée des acteurs à saisir les opportunités. Il s’agit aussi de s’intéresser à la façon dont l’offre de crédit et l’organisation qu’elle suscite (les groupes de caution, les comités villageois de crédit) s’inscrivent dans des rapports sociaux en évolution et contribuent à cette évolution. Il s’agit finalement de prendre au sérieux l’épaisseur du « contexte » et de se centrer sur la compréhension des dynamiques de changement en pays Chin dans sa diversité, pour resituer le crédit et le rôle qu’il joue. Cela ne signifie pas se désintéresser des usages du crédit, du fonctionnement des groupes ou des perceptions par les usagers, mais se donner les moyens de leur donner sens parce qu’on les replace dans les dynamiques d’ensemble..."
    Author/creator: Grégoire Danel-Fédou et François Robinne
    Language: Francais, French
    Source/publisher: Éditions du Gret
    Format/size: pdf (900K)
    Date of entry/update: 16 November 2010


    Title: Microfinance for Poverty Alleviation in Myanmar
    Date of publication: May 2014
    Description/subject: Abstract: "Microfinance has become a significant global phenomenon, as an effective means of providing financial services to poor and low-income people who don't generally have access to these services from formal financial institutions_ In recent years the concept of Financial Inlclusion has become increasingly widespread in the realization that the underserved population requires a broad range of such services, not merely savings and credit, to enable them to conduct their financial lives more efficiently. Microfinance assists poor people in gaining access to usefully large sums of money which they require for different purposes. It does so by means of innovations in loan contracts, which allow microfinance institutions (MFIs) to limit losses despite lacking good information on borrowers, and without requiring collateral as security. The main innovation is the "group lending" mechanism, to apply social pressure for contract enforcement. Another vital factor that strongly influences repayment is the promise of access to future loans and services. The two key principles that the industry generally focuses on are outreach (the scale of activity in terms of numbers of clients) and sustainability (the degree to which the MFI covers its costs). To become sustainable, MFIs charge rates higher than those of formal sector institutions (as their costs are also relatively higher), but well below those informal moneylenders, the main alternative source of credit for poor households. While empirical evidence has not been able to illustrate a significant impact on poverty alleviation, it does show that access to the right financial services helps poor people to build more secure lives by allowing them to more regularly spend resources to cover basic needs and protect themselves from risks. Microfinance has also had an effect on women's empowerment in terms of increased ownership of assets and an enhancement of their status in the household and at the community level, although this has been partially offset by the new set of challenges women face by bearing the responsibility repaying loans they have taken. In Myanmar the microfinance sector has developed rapidly since the government enacted a Microfinance Law in November 2011, but MFIs still play a very minor role in the provision of financial services in the country. The overall level of financial inclusion remains very low, with only 30% of adults using regulated financial services. The rural usage of financial services (53%) exceeds the urban usage (45%), which is a reversal of the normal global pattern. The reason for this is that development assistance to the micro-finance sector was focused on rural areas. The Microfinance Law has provided an enabling framework for the sector, but certain areas of the regulation may inhibit expansion of credit to priority areas, such as rural and agricultural (interest rate caps, loan size caps and access to capital). In order to strengthen the sector, it is recommended focus on the areas of policy, capacity development, capital incentives and research and data, with some suggested actions within each of these. Together with some complementary measures in other sectors, the promotion of a higher level of financial inclusion can offer the chance for poverty alleviation on a large scale in Myanmar."
    Author/creator: Heinz Willems, Paul Luchtenburg
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
    Format/size: pdf (1.4MB-reduced version; 2.6MB-original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.mm.undp.org/content/dam/myanmar/docs/Publications/PovRedu/UNDP_MM_Financial_Inclusion_En...
    Date of entry/update: 03 July 2014


    Title: Microfinance Law - Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No.13/2011 (English)
    Date of publication: 30 November 2011
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw
    Format/size: pdf (299K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 July 2014


  • Rural development in Burma/Myanmar

    Websites/Multiple Documents

    Title: Country Agency for Rural Development - Myanmar
    Description/subject: "CAD (Country Agency For Rural Development) is a Catholic faith based local non-governmental and non-profitable organization working for remote villagers in 3 townships (Hakha, Matupi and Thangtlang) in the central part of Chin state and Monhla village in Ye Oo township of Sagaing division. The inception of CAD is propelled by the backward of Lautu tribe, one of FOUR tribes in Thang Tlang and Matupi Townships in the central part of Chin state. CAD has been spearheading development projects in this region since 2005. CAD has supported our development projects to 23,143 populations at 42 villages in the said townships for 2006. The area’s elevation ranges about 4,250 feet above sea level. Being surrounded by mountains and river fresh air and fish, organic vegetables and crops are available in this region. Furthermore, seasonable flowers are blooming and are exuding different sweet smell of their fragrance around the thick forest."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Country Agency for Rural Development
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 01 January 2010


    Title: [JICA] Activities in Myanmar
    Description/subject: Development Study on Sustainable Agricultural and Rural Development for Poverty Reduction Programme in the Central Dry Zone
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 01 January 2010


    Individual Documents

    Title: A NEW DAWN FOR EQUITABLE GROWTH IN MYANMAR? Making the private sector work for small - scale agriculture
    Date of publication: 04 June 2013
    Description/subject: "The new wave of political reforms have set Myanmar on a road to unprecedented economic expansion, but, without targeted policy efforts and regulation to even the playing field, the benefits of new investment will filter down to only a few, leaving small - scale farmers – the backbone of the Myanmar economy – unable to benefit from this growth...KEY RECOMMENDATIONS: If Myanmar is to meet its ambitions on equitable growth, political leaders must put new policies and regulation to generate equitable growth at the heart of their democratic reform agenda. Along with democratic reforms, and action to end human-rights abuses, these policies must: * Address power inequalities in the markets; * Put small-scale farmers at the center of new agricultural investments; * Close loopholes in law and practice that leave the poorest open to land-rights abuses..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: OXFAM
    Format/size: pdf (266K-OBL version; 314K-original)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/ib-equitable-growth-myanmar-040613-en.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 01 July 2013


    Title: Agricultural diversification and rural industrialization as a strategy for rural income growth and poverty reduction in Indochina and Myanmar
    Date of publication: 1999
    Description/subject: Abstract: CONTENTS: Introduction; concepts and rationale; concept of diversification; rationale for diversification; significance for IMR; Structural features of IMR and their relevance to diversification; evidence of diversification in the IMR; trends in areas and production of crops and meat production; agricultural exports; future challenges and guiding principles; references....Keywords: Agricultural diversification Economic aspects.; Indochina Economic policy.; Poverty alleviation.; Myanmar Economic policy.; Meat industry and trade.
    Author/creator: Francesco Goletti
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: International Food Policy Research Institute
    Format/size: pdf (160K)
    Date of entry/update: 22 April 2008


    Title: Agricultural Marketing Reform and Rural Economy in Myanmar
    Date of publication: 28 January 2004
    Description/subject: The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of marketing reforms implemented in the late 1980s in Myanmar. Particular emphasis is placed on the impact of the reform on the rural economy and its participants, namely farmers, landless laborers and marketing intermediaries. The reform had a positive effect on all these participants through the creation of employment opportunities and increased income. The driving force of this success was "market forces,"absence of bad policy" is emphasized as a key for the success in the context of Myanmar, where excessive and murky government intervention often resulted in failure to induce private sector development.
    Author/creator: Ikuko Okamoto
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: IIDE ( Institute of Developing Economies)
    Format/size: pdf (98KB)
    Date of entry/update: 08 January 2005


    Title: Agricultural Policies and Development of Myanmar’s Agricultural Sector : An Overview
    Date of publication: June 2006
    Description/subject: Abstract "This paper reviews the development of the agricultural sector in Myanmar after the transition to an open economy in 1988 and analyzes the nature as well as the performance of the agricultural sector. The avoidance of social unrest and the maintenance of control by the regime are identified as the two key factors that have determined the nature of agricultural policy after 1988. A major consequence of agricultural policy has been a clear difference in development paths among the major crops. Production of crops that had a potential for development showed sluggish growth due to policy constraints, whereas there has been a self-sustaining increase in the output of those crops that have fallen outside the remit of agricultural policy."
    Author/creator: Koichi FUJITA, Ikuko OKAMOTO
    Language: English (also available in Japanese(?)
    Source/publisher: IDE Discussion Paper No. 63
    Format/size: pdf (344K)
    Date of entry/update: 16 July 2006


    Title: Agriculture authorities forced farmers to grow subsidiary crops
    Date of publication: 20 November 2004
    Description/subject: "Mudon Township agriculture authorities forced farmers to grow subsidiary crops on farms irrigated by the Win-Pha-None Dam, according to villagers in the area. “A group of township agriculture authorities came to the villages and gathered villagers to grow subsidiary crops such as rice and beans,” a villager said. According to Nai Jorn, a reporter, villagers are dissatisfied with authorities because they were forced to grow crops in previous years and received no benefits for growing them..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Independent Mon News Agency (Mon State)
    Format/size: html (8K)
    Date of entry/update: 24 December 2004


    Title: BURMA: Nobel Laureate Stiglitz to advise junta on poverty –
    Date of publication: 30 November 2009
    Description/subject: "...The list of high-profile foreigners heading to Burma to engage and advise the country’s military regime is about to get longer. The latest due to join that flow is Nobel economics laureate Joseph Stiglitz. The former chief economist of the World Bank will fly into Burma, or Myanmar as it is also known, on Dec. 14 for a mission aimed to examine and improve the South-east Asian nation’s rural economy, says Noeleen Heyzer, head of a United Nations regional body based in Bangkok. “He will share his ideas on what kind of economic decision making is critical for growth in the rural economy and poverty reduction,” adds the executive secretary of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP). “He will be there for a couple of days.”..."
    Author/creator: Marwaan Macan-Markar
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Inter Press News Service (IPS)
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 01 January 2010


    Title: Commentary on the visit by Professor Stieglitz and necesary follow-up
    Date of publication: 09 January 2010
    Description/subject: Commentary of 9 January 2010 by U Myint on the visit by Joseph Stiglitz and necessary follow-up. A major section of the address dealt with how to boost the rice economy in Burma
    Author/creator: U Myint
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
    Format/size: pdf (108K)
    Date of entry/update: 31 January 2010


    Title: Credit vital to boosting development in Myanmar, economist says
    Date of publication: 23 December 2009
    Description/subject: "...With 70 per cent of Myanmar’s population dependent on agriculture, credit reform could help the Asian nation reach its full productivity potential and enhance development, Nobel Prize-winning economist Professor Joseph Stiglitz said after a United Nations-backed visit to the country. “If you’re going to reduce poverty and meet the Millennium Development Goals [MDGs], a focus on agriculture is absolutely essential,” Mr. Stiglitz told reporters after his trip. Surveys, he pointed out, have shown that the cost of credit is very high in Myanmar, with many farmers and casual labourers having to borrow money at interest rates of 10 per cent or more per month. The loans are reminiscent of “pay day” loans in the United States, he said, except that the interest rates charged in Myanmar are even more “usurious.” While in the country, the economist met with Government officials and academics, as well as visiting projects in rural areas. Farmers, he said, told him that while irrigation had increased their productivity, “because they could not get the credit to buy fertilizer and high quality seeds, the full potential was not being realized.”.."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: UN News Service
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 01 January 2010


    Title: Cultivating Inequality (Review of Ikuko Okamoto's "Economic Disparity in Rural Myanmar" )
    Date of publication: July 2008
    Description/subject: A Japanese study illustrates how farmers created an agricultural market in spite of the military government’s bureaucrats... "Economic Disparity in Rural Myanmar" by Ikuko Okamoto. National University of Singapore Press, 2008... "THE devastation caused by Cyclone Nargis and spiraling global food prices have placed even more pressure on the agricultural sector of Burma, once the world’s largest rice exporter and potentially one of Asia’s most prodigious producers of agricultural staples. The majority of the Burmese labor pool is in farming, and rice production remains not just a national priority but an obsession of the junta. Successive regimes have attempted a number of initiatives to increase agricultural production, first through disastrous socialist policies, and since 1988 with piecemeal open market reforms which have continued to stifle the true promise of the agricultural sector. Ikuko Okamoto’s book looks at one success story in this sad litany of state failure. Economic Disparity in Rural Myanmar is an academic analysis of the rapid increase in production of pulses in one township close to Rangoon. A pulse is a bean, in this case one called pedishwewar, or golden green gram, otherwise known as the mung bean. It is a close study of the relationship between Burmese farm laborers, rural traders, tractor dealers, some available land, rice paddy crops and a fortuitous gap in the global rice market that produced a pulse market where before there was none. The sting is that most of the people on the lower rungs—the farmer-laborers—profited least from their labors. Pulses brought in a total of 3.6 billion kyat (US $3 million) in 2007, mainly due to India, which reduced pulse cultivation, allowing farmers and traders in Burma to fill the demand. Okamoto, a researcher at Japan’s Institute for Developing Economies, spent several years studying production techniques in Thongwa Township, east of Rangoon and home to 64 villages and about 150,000 people. In this well-designed and detailed study, she looks at how the dramatic growth in green gram production produced an export success..."
    Author/creator: David Scott Mathieson
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 16, No. 7
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 15 July 2008


    Title: ESCAP brings Nobel Laureate Stiglitz to Myanmar to advise on economic policy and rural poverty reduction
    Date of publication: 15 December 2009
    Description/subject: "The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) and the Government of the Union of Myanmar today held a wide-ranging dialogue aimed at boosting the country’s agricultural sector and to help it reclaim its status as the rice bowl of Asia. At the invitation of ESCAP, Nobel Prize-winning economist Prof. Joseph Stiglitz and other eminent experts discussed strategies for Myanmar to cut poverty in light of Asia’s regional and subregional experiences. “It is my hope these ideas and analysis will open a new space for policy discussion and a further deepening of our development partnership,” UN Under-Secretary-General and ESCAP Executive Secretary Noeleen Heyzer said at the event held in Myanmar’s capital, Naypyitaw. “These development objectives can only be achieved through the successful engagement of local experts and people who know what is happening on the ground. This development partnership, requested by the Government of Myanmar, provides a unique platform for eminent international scholars and local researchers to exchange experiences and ideas with government agencies and civil society,” Dr. Heyzer added..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: UNESCAP News Services
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 01 January 2010


    Title: Microfinance Supervisory Committee Notification - Government of Myanmar Notification No. 1/2011 (English)
    Date of publication: 23 December 2011
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Government of Myanmar
    Format/size: pdf (7K)
    Date of entry/update: 05 June 2014


    Title: Myanmar's generals plow a rich furrow
    Date of publication: 19 December 2009
    Description/subject: "Joseph Stiglitz, the American Nobel economics laureate, advised Myanmar's military-run regime this week that political reform is necessary if the generals hope to revitalize the country's stagnant, mostly agriculture-based economy. Any reform of the rural sector, which employs 70% of the workforce and accounts for nearly half of gross domestic product (GDP), will run up against the widespread and largely institutionalized corruption of the military..."
    Author/creator: Brian McCartan
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Asia Times Online
    Format/size: html, pdf (62K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs08/Stigliltz03.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 01 January 2010


    Title: Regime Should Heed Advice
    Date of publication: January 2010
    Description/subject: Joseph Stiglitz offered a realistic assessment of Burma’s economic needs. But were the country’s rulers really listening?... "There is the hope that this is the moment of change for the country,” said Joseph Stiglitz, the Nobel Economics laureate and former chief economist of the World Bank, after his visit to Burma in December. Stiglitz was speaking at a press conference in Singapore organized by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) after attending an economics forum in the Burmese capital, Naypyidaw. During his visit, Stiglitz told Burmese military officials led by Agriculture and Rural Development Minister Maj-Gen Htay Oo and National Development Minister Soe Tha that revenues from oil and gas, if well used, could open up a new era for the country. He called specifically for an increase in spending on education, which he said was necessary because the country is aging and the next generation needs to be prepared to face the challenges of economic development. He especially urged the Burmese regime to improve the economic conditions of the rural poor. Around 75 percent of the country’s estimated 57 million people live in rural areas. Burmese farmers are especially hard hit by crippling loan charges. According to researchers, farmers pay as much as 7 to 10 percent interest a month in Burma—which Stiglitz described as a symptom of serious malfunctioning of the credit system. He stressed this point repeatedly and noted that productivity suffered because of the lack of capital to buy fertilizers..."
    Author/creator: Kyaw Zwa Moe
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 18, No. 1
    Format/size: html
    Alternate URLs: http://www2.irrawaddy.org/print_article.php?art_id=17483
    Date of entry/update: 28 February 2010


    Title: Rich Periphery, Poor Center: Myanmar's Rural Economy
    Date of publication: March 2004
    Description/subject: Abstract: "This paper looks at the case of Myanmar in order to investigate the behavior and welfare of rural households in an economy under transition from a planned to a market system. Myanmar's case is particularly interesting because of the country's unique attempt to preserve a policy of intervention in land transactions and marketing institutions. A sample household survey that we conducted in 2001, covering more than 500 households in eight villages with diverse agro-ecological environments, revealed two paradoxes. First, income levels are higher in villages far from the center than in villages located in regions under the tight control of the central authorities. Second, farmers and villages that emphasize a paddy-based, irrigated cropping system have lower farming incomes than those that do not. The reason for these paradoxes are the distortions created by agricultural policies that restrict land use and the marketing of agricultural produce. Because of these distortions, the transition to a market economy in Myanmar since the late 1980s is only a partial one. The partial transition, which initially led to an increase in output and income from agriculture, revealed its limit in the survey period."...There are 2 versions of this paper. The one placed as the main URL, which also has a later publication date, seems to be longer, though it is about 30K smaller.
    Author/creator: Ikuko Okamoto, Kyosuke Kurita, Takashi Kurosaki and Koichi Fujita
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: IDE ( Institute of Developing Economies) Discussion Paper No. 23
    Format/size: pdf (213K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.econ.yale.edu/conference/neudc03/papers/1d-kurosaki.pdf
    Date of entry/update: 05 December 2003


    Title: Rural Credit Markets in Myanmar: A Study of Formal and Non-Formal Lenders
    Date of publication: July 2007
    Description/subject: ABSTRACT: "This paper conducts an empirical investigation of the rural credit market in Myanmar to help guide policy formulation on the microfinance operations in the country. Specifically, it looks into the determinants of credit demand and of rationing loans at the household level, and identifies the similarities, differences and relationships among the various segments of the rural credit market. Data are primarily gathered through a survey covering a total of 301 households among 7 villages in the Dry Zone. The results reveal the characteristics distinguishing the different types of credit sources, implying that the formal and semiformal credit are targeted towards different sets of clientele. The findings also suggest that promoting the semiformal credit sources likewise strengthens the development of formal credit sources".....N. B. there is a confusion about the issue and date of this article -- the header says it is Vol 4, No. 1 (June 2007), while the website gives it as Vol. 3, Nos. 2 & 3 (December 2006)
    Author/creator: Tomoko Kaino
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "Asian Journal of Agriculture and Development", Volume 4 No. 1
    Format/size: pdf (378K)
    Date of entry/update: 01 January 2010


    Title: Rural development and displacement: SPDC abuses in Toungoo District
    Date of publication: 13 January 2009
    Description/subject: "The SPDC has continued to militarise larger and larger swaths of Toungoo District under the false banner of 'development', subjecting local villagers to forced labour and extortion and forcing others to flee into hiding. Life is hard for villagers both under and outside of SPDC control: villagers living within SPDC-controlled areas are often forced to work for the SPDC rather than focus on their own livelihoods while villagers in hiding continue to struggle with a shortage of food. Ultimately, many residents of Toungoo face a mounting food crisis that is a direct result of SPDC policy. This report discusses incidents that occurred between May and September 2008..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group Field Reports (KHRG #2009-F1)
    Format/size: pdf (850 KB)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2009/khrg09f1.html
    Date of entry/update: 31 October 2009


    Title: Rural Households' Food Security Status and Coping Strategies to Food Insecurity in Myanmar
    Date of publication: February 2009
    Description/subject: "...This study will examine the food (rice) availability at the national level using the official and FAO data. Second, a case study in the rice deficit region (Dry Zone) will present the characteristics and food security status of the farm and non-farm rural households (landless) and the determinants of food security. The Dry Zone was chosen to study because the EC & FAO (2007) classified this region as the most vulnerable area of the country. Furthermore, the FAO projected that the Net Primary Production would be decreased significantly in the Dry Zone in the next two decades. It is essential to collect the primary and secondary data on food availability, access, stability and utilization for understanding the current reality of food security at both macro and micro level... Objectives of the Study: > To assess the food (rice) availability at the national level by using indicators of trend of production index, growth rate of sown area, production and yield, average availability of rice, average per capita rice consumption, rice surplus, dietary energy supply of rice, share of food expenditure in total budget, self-sufficiency ratio, trends in domestic prices of rice and the estimated effects of the Nargis cyclone on rice self-sufficiency. > To investigate the rural household's access to food in terms of human capital, food production, household income, asset ownership, and income diversification of farm and non-farm (landless) households. > To examine the farm and non-farm household's food security status by applying the national food poverty line and the index of coping strategies method along with some indicators such as food share in the household budget, percentage of food expenditure in the total household income, and nutrition security indicators of access to safe drinking water, sanitation, diseases, and number of children death.
    Author/creator: Dolly Kyaw
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization (V.R.F. Series No. 444)
    Format/size: pdf (656K)
    Date of entry/update: 10 August 2009


    Title: Second Development Partnership Roundtable and Development Forum held
    Date of publication: 18 December 2009
    Description/subject: Jointly organized by Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development and United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP), Second Development Partnership Roundtable and Development Forum on economic policies for growth and poverty reduction: lessons from the region and beyond was held at the hall of the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation here on 15 December. Roundtable on enhancing Myanmar’s rural economy was held at 9 am...Since food security and rural livelihoods contribute to the income of the rural people, increasing agricultural productivity is the core policy for Myanmar. In order to increase agricultural productivity, promoting access to irrigation water and its sustainable uses are the main necessity. Myanmar has heavily invested and constructed 228 irrigation dams, 322 river water-pumping projects, constructing and repairing small irrigation tanks throughout the dryzone, enhancing underground water utilization through more than 7000 tube wells. In addition to promoting access to irrigation water for increasing crop production, rural electrification is also being promoted by installation of mini hydropower along canal drop structures of irrigation networks. On the other hand, regarding access to irrigation water, Myanmar is proactive rather than reactive to adapting climate change and mitigating its effects..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
    Format/size: pdf (66K)
    Date of entry/update: 01 January 2010


    Title: Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy: Myanmar
    Date of publication: 2009
    Description/subject: CONTENTS: v Abbreviations... vi Acknowledgment... 1 Introduction: 1 Agroecological Zones and Administrative Divisions... 1 Land Use... 1 Workforce in Agriculture... 3 Expansion of the Irrigation Network... 3 Food Security Situation... 4 Rationale and Objectives..... 6 Energy Market and Outlook: 6 Energy Supply and Demand... 18 Potential Alternative Sources of Energy... 21 Justification of Biofuel as an Alternative Energy Source... 22 Obstacles to the Development of Biofuels in Myanmar..... 23 Resource Base for Biofuels Production: 23 Energy Security and Sustainability... 23 Biofuel Options... 24 Biodiesel Production... 27 Bioethanol Production... 33 Biomass Energy Consumption from Wood Fuel..... 38 Prioritization of Feedstocks: 38 Priority Feedstocks for Biodiesel Production... 40 Priority Feedstocks for Bioethanol Production..... 42 Agribusiness Models: 42 Existing Biofuel Business Model... 42 Opportunities and Constraints to Biofuel Business Development... 45 Integration of Small Farmers into the Agribusiness Chain and Options... for Promoting Biofuel Business Ventures..... 47 Case Studies of Biofuel Ventures in Myanmar..... 56 Policy, Regulatory, and Institutional Support for Biofuel Development: 56 National Policies and Strategies for Biofuel Development... 57 Development Program and Plans to Address Agriculture Sector Objectives... 58 Institutional Analysis for Biofuel Development... 60 Investment and Financing Arrangements... 60 The Way Forward..... 61 Appendix 1: Oil Content of Different Land Races of Jatropha Curcas..... 62 Appendix 2: A Proposed Institutional Structure and Implementation Mechanism for Biofuels Development..... 63 Appendix 3: Indicative National Biofuel Program for Myanmar.
    Author/creator: U Hla Kyaw, Thandar Kyi, San Thein, U Aung Hlaing, U Tin Maung Shwe
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    Format/size: pdf (1.8MB)
    Date of entry/update: 17 December 2009


    Title: Stiglitz Advises Regime to Use Oil and Gas Revenues Wisely
    Date of publication: 17 December 2009
    Description/subject: "Nobel Economics Laureate Joesph Stiglitz has told a forum in the Burmese capital, Naypyidaw, that revenues from oil and gas, if well used, could open up a new era for the country. If not well used, valuable opportunities would be squandered, Stiglitz told the forum on “Restoring Burma as the Rice Bowl of Asia.” The forum on Monday was organized by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) and Burma's Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation and Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development. A UN press release said the former World Bank chief emphasized the inseparable nature of economics and politics. Before his visit, some analysts questioned the wisdom of giving economic advice to military generals who had a bad reputation for ignoring the input of experts. For Burma to take a role on the world stage and to achieve true stability and security, there must be widespread participation and inclusive processes, Stiglitz said..."
    Author/creator: Ba Kaung
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: IRROL
    Format/size: pdf (58K)
    Date of entry/update: 01 January 2010


    Title: Transcript of Press Conference on the ESCAP/Myanmar Second Partnership Development Roundtable and Forum
    Date of publication: 21 December 2009
    Description/subject: "...There was general consensus that there were seven issues where ESCAP and the international community could be helpful, and I can share a partial list with you of those priorities that were identified for immediate follow-up. First and foremost is an examination of the country’s credit policies. It is imperative that farmers have access to capital so they can buy seeds and fertilizers and other implements. Research was presented that indicated informal lenders are charging up to 10 per cent a month for credit, which in a matter of a few months, negates all the farmer’s income for that year. So we need to look at what kind of credit is needed and where it is needed. Second, we will look at employment and income security, and human capacity building. Myanmar needs to shift from a labour intensive system to one that is more technologically-based and knowledge-based, which requires education. We also need to look at how the large number of casual labourers is utilized as well as some forms of social protection for farmers, including things like crop insurance and employment guarantees. How do we build the social foundation of more resilient households and communities in Myanmar? And finally, there is a need to take a look at the national revenues, and how to ensure that financial systems are transparent, and revenue is allocated to where they are needed..."
    Author/creator: Joseph Stiglitz, Noeleen Heyzer
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: UNESCAP
    Format/size: pdf (59K)
    Date of entry/update: 01 January 2010


    Title: Will junta focus on agricultural reform?
    Date of publication: 29 January 2010
    Description/subject: New Delhi (Mizzima) 's report recently urged Burma to prioritize its agricultural sector in the fight against poverty, as it has considerable growth potential. However, economic experts have cast doubts that agricultural reform can be feasible under dictatorial rule. The Myanmar Humanitarian Partnership Group meeting, held Wednesday in Burma's former capital of Rangoon, was attended by over 70 experts, including heads of UN agencies, diplomats and aid workers, and highlighted the crucial need of promoting the agricultural sector to address the economic challenges faced by Burma. "Economic growth and poverty alleviation will depend on improvements in productivity and growth of agricultural crops, fisheries and livestock,"Over 70 percent of the population lives in rural areas, and all indicators suggest that the agricultural sector has considerable growth potential."..."
    Author/creator: Salai Pi Pi
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Mizzima
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 31 January 2010


  • Urban development

    Individual Documents

    Title: A Visit to Chinatown
    Date of publication: September 2009
    Description/subject: "Chinese influence is growing in Rangoon, but not everyone is happy about it..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 17, No. 6
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 19 January 2010


    Title: HUMAN SETTLEMENTS SECTOR REVIEW, UNION OF MYANMAR
    Date of publication: 1991
    Description/subject: The oft-cited UN Habitat report on the 1989-1990 urban resettlement programme in Burma which the report estimates affected 1.5 million people (16 percent of the urban population). "...During the early months of 1990 international attention was focused on the Yangon squatter clearance and resettlement programme launched by the Government in 1989. The Mission found that the programme is not limited to Yangon, but has broad national coverage. The scale and characteristics of the land-development and other works was considered by the Mission to be of such overwhelming significance to the present and future urban situation that the Mission concentrated its resources on attempting to assemble a comprehensive record of the programme and assessing the impacts and implications. The programme consists of: (a) land development for sites-and- services resettlement schemes, and for complete housing units for public servants; (b) new and improved roads; (c) urban rail transport; (d) road, rail and pedestrian bridges; (e) parks and gardens; (f) redevelopment for commercial and residential uses of sites cleared as a result of resettlement and fires; (g) clean-up campaigns, building renovations, and repainting of facades; and (h) rehabilitation of drains and water bodies. For the size of the overall country population and for an urban population of less than 10 million, the scale of works within the time period allocated is probably unprecedented internationally. Based on visits to selected towns, analysis of maps and layout plans, and the data supplied by GAD and HD, the Mission estimates that the total population affected by the resettlement and new housing components is in the order of 1.5 million, or 4 per cent of the total population, and 16 percent of the urban population. Roughly 50 per cent of this number is in Yangon, Mandalay, Taunggyi and Bago, all centres visited by the Mission..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: The United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (Habitat)
    Format/size: pdf (2.1MB)
    Date of entry/update: 10 January 2007


    Title: Yangon’s Development Challenges
    Date of publication: March 2012
    Description/subject: Overview: "Yangon is an attractive and relatively livable city that is on the brink of dramatic change. If the government of Myanmar continues its recent program of economic and political reform, the economy of the country is likely to take off, and much of the growth will be concentrated in Yangon, Myanmar’s largest city and commercial capital. This paper argues that Yangon is poorly prepared to cope with the pressures of growth because it has only begun to develop a comprehensive land use and development plan for the city that would guide the location of key activities including export-oriented industries and port terminals. In addition, the city lacks the financial resources to finance the infrastructure and other public services required to serve the existing population, let alone support a population that is larger and better off. Failure to address these challenges will not only make Yangon a less livable city but will also reduce the rate of economic growth for the entire country. Myanmar needs a dynamic and vibrant Yangon to thrive."..."...In sum, Yangon and Myanmar appear to be on the verge of explosive growth, making up for decades of stagnation or decline. Yangon is almost certain to become a key engine in the nation’s economic growth as Myanmar’s largest city, commercial capital, most important port and tourist destination, and most logical site for export-oriented manufacturing. But how well Yangon fulfills these roles depends on how well the city is managed. Yangon’s slow growth in the past had a hidden benefit in that it preserved many assets—greenery, parks and open spaces and historic buildings—that other Asian cities lost. As a result, Yangon has an opportunity to avoid becoming another sprawling, polluted and highly congested Asian megacity and grow instead into a greener and more livable metropolis. But it will do so only if it prepares a plan before development threatens to overwhelm it. And the plan will succeed only if it is based on thoughtful and realistic analyses of issues like the location of special economic zones and ports and the provision of affordable housing and quality infrastructure."
    Author/creator: José A. Gómez-Ibáñez, Derek Bok, Nguyễn Xuân Thành
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Ash Center, for Democratic Governance and Innovation, Harvard University
    Format/size: pdf (452K)
    Date of entry/update: 08 July 2012