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The 1990 General Elections in Burma
See also Constitutional and Parliamentary processes (under Law and Constitution) at http://www.burmalibrary.org/show.php?cat=1139&lo=d&sl=0

  • The 1990 elections - general articles and studies

    Individual Documents

    Title: A Day to Remember
    Date of publication: May 2005
    Description/subject: The 1990 election—will my vote ever mean anything?... "My entire family woke up early that day. Our neighbors were already leaving their homes. Some eagerly shouted at us not to be late. My 63-year-old grandmother and my mother joined them and I rushed to follow. It was election day—May 27, 1990—the first time in 30 years the Burmese people had been called on to go to the polls..."
    Author/creator: Kyaw Zwa Moe
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 13, No. 5
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 27 April 2006


    Title: Was It A Parliamentary Election or Not?
    Date of publication: May 2005
    Description/subject: Whatever the answer, the people rejected military rule... "Burma has more than its fair share of miserable anniversaries. One of the more baffling of them falls on May 27, the anniversary of arguably the most spectacular ignored general election in history. The ruling generals of the State Law and Order Restoration Council first confounded their many critics by holding a relatively free and fair ballot, and then completely dumbfounded them by carrying on as if it had never occurred..."
    Author/creator: Dominic Faulder
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 13, No. 5
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 27 April 2006


  • The 1990 elections, the elected representatives and their parties

    Individual Documents

    Title: 1990 MULTI-PARTY DEMOCRACY GENERAL ELECTIONS
    Date of publication: 01 February 2003
    Description/subject: This is a 300-page collection of documents related to the 1990 elections. In addition to the 1.1MB pdf file, it can be accessed as one 4MB html file, 4 shorter (but still large) html files or downloaded as a 2MB Word file. It contains: General Statistics of Elections - Candidates per Constituency - Election Campaign Speeches - Election Results of 93 Political Parties - Summary of Constituencies - Election Results of Winning Parties - Brief Biographies of Elected MPs; - SLORC Policy Declaration (1/90) - Gandhi Hall Declaration - Election Tribunals - Election Law Amended - The So-Called National Convention - Steering Committee Named - The Principle Duty Of The National Convention - The Eight Different Categories of National Convention Deligates - SLORC Declaration No. 11/92 of 24 April 92 - SLORC Order No. 1/93 of 1 January 93 - The National Convention Delegates of National League for Democracy - The Committee Representing People’s Parliament (CRPP) - Anti-Subversion Law (5/96) - Turning of a New Page - The NLD’s 21-Point Resolution - Back to the past today - A Brief History of Political Activism in Burma - UN special human rights rapporteurs on Burma - UN special envoy on Burma
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: Khin Kyaw Han (compiler)
    Format/size: pdf ( 1.1MB), html (3.9MB - also broken into 4), Word (2.0MB)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/1990_elections.htm

    http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/1990_elections.doc (Word version for downloading)

    Part 1 (Contents, general statistics, summaries of campaign speeches - html, 115K): http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/Elections-01.htm
    http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/Elections-01.htm

    Part 2 (election results by party and candidate - html 1.6MB): http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/Elections-02.htm

    Part 3 (brief biographies of elected MPs by State and Division - html, 1.2MB): http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/Elections-03.htm

    Part 4 (other related lists, including detained MPs, and documents - html, 568K) http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/Elections-04.htm
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: Book of Record on the 1990 General Elections
    Date of publication: 01 February 2003
    Description/subject: This is a collection of documents related to the 1990 elections. It can be accessed as one 4MB html file, 4 shorter (but still large) html files or downloaded as a 2MB Word file. It contains: General Statistics of Elections - Candidates per Constituency - Election Campaign Speeches - Election Results of 93 Political Parties - Summary of Constituencies - Election Results of Winning Parties - Brief Biographies of Elected MPs; - SLORC Policy Declaration (1/90) - Gandhi Hall Declaration - Election Tribunals - Election Law Amended - The So-Called National Convention - Steering Committee Named - The Principle Duty Of The National Convention - The Eight Different Categories of National Convention Deligates - SLORC Declaration No. 11/92 of 24 April 92 - SLORC Order No. 1/93 of 1 January 93 - The National Convention Delegates of National League for Democracy - The Committee Representing People’s Parliament (CRPP) - Anti-Subversion Law (5/96) - Turning of a New Page - The NLD’s 21-Point Resolution - Back to the past today - A Brief History of Political Activism in Burma - UN special human rights rapporteurs on Burma - UN special envoy on Burma
    Language: Burmese
    Source/publisher: Khin Kyaw Han (compiler)
    Format/size: pdf (5.8MB)
    Date of entry/update: 17 September 2007


    Title: Brief Biographies of Exiled Members of Parliament of Burma
    Date of publication: 01 February 2003
    Description/subject: Organised by States and Divisions
    Author/creator: Khin Kyaw Han (compiler)
    Language: English
    Format/size: html (192K)
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


    Title: GANDHI HALL DECLARATION
    Date of publication: 29 July 1990
    Description/subject: 8th Waxing Day of Wagaung BE 1352 29 July 1990 "1. We, the National League for Democracy Pyithu Hluttaw members, after assembling here at the Mahatama Gandhi Hall in Kyauktada township, Rangoon, on the seventh and eighth waxing days of Wagaung BE 1352 , 28 and 29 July 1990 , and after consulting and discussing the matters concerning the well being of the nation , State affairs and convening of the Pyithu Hluttaw , unanimously adopt this Gandhi Hall Declaration..."
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: National League for Democracy
    Format/size: html (25K)
    Date of entry/update: 28 June 2003


    Title: The Manifesto of the National League for Democracy
    Date of publication: 06 November 1989
    Description/subject: "1. Throughout the Union of Burma in 1988 there was an extraordinary and unprecedented uprising of all people. They rose up to demand Democracy. Thus, a democratic state was established in order to be liberated from the bitter experience of the society. 2. Now, a chance to establish a democratic system began to emerge that would totally change society. Hence, all the people of Burma, with active spirit and strong determination, would have to elect the peoples' representatives. Those representatives would form a democratic government in accordance with the aspiration of the people and draw up the state constitution that will enable a successful reconstruction of the country. 3. The National League for Democracy firmly believes that, today, in Burma, the masses of people are earnestly aspiring for the formation of a Democratic government that will guarantee basic human rights. 4. The National League for Democracy clearly understands that all the people of Burma are very keen to establish a firmly united "Union" in the near future with equal rights for all ethnic nationalities who cherish democracy. 5. In order to bring about the aims and aspirations of the people successfully, the National League for Democracy, consisting of people wishing to represent farmers, workers, merchants and entrepreneurs, students, youths, women, technicians, academicians, artists and ethnic nationalities, shall let their members participate in this multi-party General Election and pledges to accept the decision of the people. 6. The National League for Democracy, while declaring its principles and policy below, shall accept the wishes of the people and establish a democratic state as desired by the people..."
    Language: English, Burmese
    Source/publisher: National League for Democracy
    Format/size: html (78K), Word (67K), pdf (32K)
    Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/NLDElectionManifesto1989.doc
    http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/NLDmanifestoBur.pdf (Burmese)
    Date of entry/update: 20 April 2004


    Title: Voter turnout figures for the 1956 and 1990 elections
    Language: English
    Source/publisher: The International Institute or Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA))
    Format/size: html
    Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003