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Home > Main Library > Human Rights > Discrimination > Race or Ethnicity: Discrimination based on > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations against specific groups > Discrimination against the Mon > "The Mon Forum" and other HURFOM Human Rights Reports (Complete archive)

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"The Mon Forum" and other HURFOM Human Rights Reports (Complete archive)
From March 1995 to November 1997 the Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM) published a series of "Human Rights Reports" and "Human Rights Publications". From January 1998 onwards the reports appeared in newsletter form as "The Mon Forum" with occasional one-off reports. All the texts of the reports are in the archive. Some also contain the photos and maps of the original print version. As time permits, pdf versions with photos, maps and Burmese language facsimiles of SLORC/SPDC Orders will be made for all the reports. Editing policy: the occasional typos and spelling mistakes picked out by a spellchecker have been corrected, a few brief explanations are added [in square brackets] and the format of the html versions has been adjusted for the Internet. Inspired neologisms like "backbreakingly" and "estimatedly" are retained as a contribution to the English language. Since errors can occur in the scanning process, the print version should be regarded as authoritative.

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: Rehmonnya.org (human rights and media website)
Description/subject: "Rehmonnya.org is an information web homepage provided by Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM), Burma as Human Rights issues, forums and publications for all communities to share the current situation of Mon territory and southern part of Burma. In this web page, we put all publications from our HURFOM such as "The Mon Forum monthly issue, Woman and Child Rights Project's report & journal (in Mon and Burmese) and Our time journal (in Mon language). We also link "Guiding Star monthly Mon newspaper" in Mon language from the Media issue for all Mon community to share their idas and inspirations. Please contact us if you would like to contribute any articles, cartoons, stories and poems in either "Guiding Star" Mon language newspaper or other Journals and magazines which were publiced from HURFOM. Thank you very much for visit and support us. Please Enjoy!"
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 20 March 2004


Individual Documents

Title: "The Mon Forum " No. 3/99 (March 1999)
Date of publication: 31 March 1999
Description/subject: Analysis Report on Foreign Investment in Southern Part of Burma: The Suffering of Villagers in Area Around the Yetana Gas Pipeline - I. Multi-national investment and deployment of SLORC/SPDC troops in area around the Yatana gas pipeline; II. Human Rights Accounts in the past... A. Forced relocation; B. Conscription of forced labour; C. Arbitrary arrests and killings; III. Human Rights Record in 1998/1999... A. Forced labour in road construction; B. Regular tax extortion; C. Ill-treatments to villagers including killings; D. Constant conscription of civilian porters.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (85K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No 10/2007 (October 2007)
Date of publication: 31 October 2007
Description/subject: News: (1) Listeners arrested by Burmese soldiers in Mon State... (2) Authorities collect physic nut from people... (3) Military scrutinizing guests in monasteries..... Commentary: Welcome to Mr.Gambari and Suggestion to UN Mission..... Summary Presentation: Struggle for Survival of Mon Literature and Education in Monland..... Report: (1) Movement Restriction and Abuses behind the Pro-government Rallies in Mon State: I. Crackdown on the Peaceful Protests; II. Abuses occurring behind the rallies in each Township; III. Movement Restriction in Mon State; IV. Aggressive Activities of Regime Supporters - Near Moulmein and nearby area - Mudon Township - Kyaik-ma-yaw Township - Chaung-zone Township (Island Township) - Crackdown on dissidents in Mon state - Situation in Karen State (Kya-inn-seikyi Township) - Conclulsion
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (171K)
Date of entry/update: 17 March 2008


Title: "The Mon Forum" No 2/2007 (February 2007)
Date of publication: 28 February 2007
Description/subject: Ongoing forced labor usage on SPDC’s development projects in Southern Mon State (Khaw-Zar Sub Township, Southern Ye Township); Role of ICRC in Protection of Civilian Population in Burma; Women forced to patrol the village in Southern Ye Township (Southern Ye Township, Mon State); Local residents forced to provide timber to army brick factory; Government’s commandeering of private motor vehicles in Ye Township; The Burmese Army forced villagers including women to work in battalion’s summer paddy farms; Health Care Crisis Facing Displaced Mon (SPDC and Health Care in Burma, Lack of Medicines in Border Clinics and Disease Control, Civil War and Ramifications for Health Care, Where People Find Health Care, Livelihoods in the Border Camps, Affects on Healthcare, Health Care and Education).
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (272K)
Date of entry/update: 20 March 2007


Title: "The Mon Forum" No 3/2007 (March 2007)
Date of publication: 31 March 2007
Description/subject: Owners pay huge amounts to get back seized motor cycles; How Taxation Makes the People Poor; Burmese soldier shoots at boy for motor cycle; Arbitrary and Illegal Taxation Practices in Burma: I. Introduction; II. Different Taxation - A. Working Abroad Tax; B. Taxes Collected by the Army - Case 1: Paddy Tax; Case 2: Gambling Tax; Case 3: Tax on Public Gatherings; Case 4: Security Tax; Case 5: Militia Training Tax... C. Family List Tax...D. Check Point Taxation - Case 1: Border Crossing Tax; Case: 2 Village Restrictions...E. Taxes in Lieu of Forced Labor...F. Tax on Gas-pipeline...G. Castor Oil Tree Taxes...H. Orchard Tax...V. Bribery...APPENDIX: Government Legal tax on Foreign Investment and Overseas Workers - Taxation: (i) Personal income tax; (ii) Business taxes; (iii) Capital gains tax.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (189K)
Date of entry/update: 04 May 2007


Title: "The Mon Forum" No 4/2007 (April 2007)
Date of publication: 30 April 2007
Description/subject: Authorities force Buddhist teachings in Burmese instead of Mon; Ensure SPDC’s Political Will in Prohibiting Forced Labour (Commentary); Burma Army Major goes on the rampage with gun in Ye Township; Gas pipeline blast burns rubber plantation; Villagers Paid Taxes to work in Thailand; SPDC Development Bridges Project and Civilian Labor Conditions:- I. Introduction: Forced Labor Convention and Government Development Projects in Burma; II. Background of Ye Town- ship and Impact of Forced Labor on Civilians; III. Army’s Use of Forced Labor on Bridge Constructions; A. Sand and Stone; B. Timber Collection and Making Bricks; C. Cement; D. Commandeering Trucks; IV. Advantage and Disadvantage.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (359K)
Date of entry/update: 18 May 2007


Title: "The Mon Forum" No 5/2007 (May 2007)
Date of publication: 31 May 2007
Description/subject: Six hundred villagers forced to work for a week to welcome Lt. Gen Maung Bo; ILO Should Extend its Monitoring Space on Forced Labour Issue in Burma (Commentary); People forced to grow Castor physic nuts; Junta collects money and confiscates farms for development project; Mon state authority round up unlicensed cars again; Burmese Army strengthens militia by forcibly training locals; Women and elders forcedto guard gas pipeline.....Report: Economic Deterioration and Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in Burma: I Introduction... II. Burma’s International Obligations... III. Current Political Situation and Economic Policy in Burma: A. Corruption / Taxation; B. Inflation; C. Economic Sanctions; D. Burma’s Over-Valued Currency; E. Poor Health Care in Rural Areas; F. Unemployment, Migration and Internally Displaced Persons...IV. Burmese IDPs in Limbo...V. Humanitarian Aid and Healthcare...VI. Lack of Social Welfare and Education: A. For rural school children in Burma , an uncertain future; B. Falling Education Rates...News: Five Mon Civil Organizations Denied New Work Registration.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (252K)
Date of entry/update: 18 June 2007


Title: "The Mon Forum" No 6/2007 (June 2007)
Date of publication: 30 June 2007
Description/subject: Rice mill owners were forced to pay for the battalions’ rations; SPDC Ignores Role of International Community (Commentary); Junta embarks on fresh round of ethnic cleansing; Continuous Use of Forced Labour by SPDC Authorities and The Burmese Army In Mon State and Tenasserim Division: I. Background Information; II. Continuous Use of Forced Labour in 2006 and 2007; III. Details of Forced Labour Use - A. Forced Labour in Bridge Construction along Highways; B. Forced conscription of security guards - (1) In Yebyu Township, Tenasserim Division; (2) Forced recruitment of women and children: guarding gas-pipelines...C. Forced labour providing firewood for army’s brick kilns; D. Forced cultivation of castor-oil plants in Mon State; E. Forced recruitment into militia forces; IV. Cases and Interviews with Forced Labour Victims Case I: Porter Service; Case II: Forced Labour and recruitment into militia forces; Case III: Forced labour for army busineses; V. Conclusion/ Suggestions.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (260K)
Date of entry/update: 07 August 2007


Title: "The Mon Forum" No 7/2007 (July 2007)
Date of publication: 31 July 2007
Description/subject: University students forced to grow physic nuts in Moulmein; ASEAN Charter and Human Rights Promotion in the Region (Commentary); Twenty one Thai phone owners arrested in Karen State; Personal Accounts; Factors Contributing to the Rise of Labour Migration from Southern Burma: I. ANALYSIS ON THE RISE OF LABOUR MIGRATION; II. SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY; III. THE FACTORS BEHIND THE RISE OF LABOUR MIGRATION - A. CONSCRIPTION OF FORCED LABOUR; B. ARBITRARY ARREST, TORTURE AND KILLING - INHUMANE TORTURE AND ARREST; KILLING OR SUMMARY EXECUTION; C. FORCED RELOCATION AND MOVEMENT RESTRICTION; D. LAND CONFISCATION.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (225K)
Date of entry/update: 07 August 2007


Title: "The Mon Forum" No 8/2007 (August 2007)
Date of publication: 31 August 2007
Description/subject: News: (1) SPDC Followers are Convincing Pro-Government Groups in Mon State; (2) Villagers in Mon State are stuck with extortion imposed by Light Infantry Battalion No.31; (3) Burmese Soldiers commandeer villagers’ motorbikes in Mon State; (4) Police extort money from arrested young people in the Mon village; (5) SPDC Followers Earn Illegal Money with Different Method in Mon State; (6) Villagers in Mudon Township are being forced to grow castor-oil plants... Commentary: International Community Must Ensure for Democratization in Burma... Personal Accounts: Meeting with newly arrived IDP family... Report: Endless Abuses and the Creation of Poverty in Southern Mon State:- I. Summary: This report focuses on the updated situation about the ongoing Human Rights abuses committed by the SPDC and its armed forces, troops of Burmese Army, that creates the poverty and unsustainable life of the rural civilians in southern Mon State. Most of the abuses which described in this report were always happening in the rural areas under the control of this ruling SPDC. The major abuses are which covered in this report are forced relocation, forced labour, looting, confiscation of land and properties which artificially create poverty and hunger to population in rural areas of southern Mon State; II. Geographical analysis on Southern Mon State; III. Looting by the Burmese battalions; IV. Torture and inhumane treatment; V. On going abuses: Movement restriction and relocation; VI. Confiscation/ destruction of property/Taxation; VII. Population displacement.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (446K)
Date of entry/update: 24 September 2007


Title: "The Mon Forum" No 9/2007 (September 2007)
Date of publication: 30 September 2007
Description/subject: News: (1) Monks and University Students sent back home forcibly; (2) Five arrested on suspicion of links with organizations in exile... Commentary: International Community Must Stop Bloodshed and Conflict in Burma; SPDC’s misuse of the media and the role of bloggers during peaceful demonstrations in Burma... Personal Accounts: Interview with a forced labour victim from Ye Township... Report: (1) The Recent Crackdowns on Peaceful Demonstrators in the Context of International Criminal Laws: I. Background of Burma’s Conflict; II. Protracted Conflict and 1988 Uprising; III. Recent September Crackdown On Cities’ Streets - a. SPDC’s Intolerance on Protests; b. Human Rights Violations or Crimes - Some of the crimes in late crackdown are: Killing; Torture and Mistreatment:Arbitrary Arrests, Detention and Imprisonment: Disappearance: IV. Comparison Between 1988 and 2007 Pro-democracy Uprisings. V. In the Context of International Criminal Laws.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (372K)
Date of entry/update: 19 October 2007


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/2000 (January 2000)
Date of publication: 31 January 2000
Description/subject: The conscription of forced labour in Ye-Tavoy motor road and dike construction; More tax collection in Kawkareik Township Karen State; Helpless situation of Mon villagers after big flood. The various mistreatment against farmers during 1999-2000 paddy buying season (Part I): The Government's Preparation to Buy Paddy; Forced Shut Down of Paddy-husking Mills; SPDC Order to close down all paddy-husking mills. Personal Account: The plight of a Mon farmer.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (75K) pdf (440K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2000-01.pdf (with pictures and original formatting)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/2001 (January 2001)
Date of publication: 31 January 2001
Description/subject: SPDC buys paddy at low price in Mon State; Forced labour continues in Mon State; Cruel and degrading treatments against civilians in Tenasserim Division, in Year 2000: (1) Portering cases and abuses during porter service; (2) Conscription of forced labour.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Subscribe: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2001-01.htm
Format/size: html (90K), pdf (432K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2001-01.pdf (original format, with map and photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/2002 (January 2002)
Date of publication: 31 January 2002
Description/subject: News: (1) Civilians along gas pipeline route get small compensation for their lost properties; (2) Burmese Army disrobed a Mon Buddhist monk with a suspicion of rebel; (3) Milia (security force) recruited by Burmese Army but civilians have to pay. SPDC's human rights violations in Brief. Report: (1) Collective human rights abuses in Ye Township after military deployment and new armed conflict: PART II: Violations related to suspicion of rebel-supporters and sexual harrassment against women.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (134K) (No maps or photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/2003 (January 2003)
Date of publication: 31 January 2003
Description/subject: Award for new soldier recruit; More porters for LIB No. 273 in Yebyu Township; Civilian Guards along Kanbauk-Myaingkalay Gas Pipeline; Force Labour For the Helicopter Landing Pad Construction; Mon design and printing center banned and arrested two people; Lands confiscated for new battalions... Armed Conflicts: A motor shell hit to a boy after fighting; Fire! If wear army colour shirts; Extorted lumber woods for new battalion. Cruel and Degrading Treatment against the Civilians in Burma's Rural Areas: I. Civil War and Suffering of Ethnic Civilians; II. Armed Conflict after 1988 in Southern Part of Burma: II. A. SPDC's military deployment in Ye and Yebyu Township areas; II. B. Military operations and human rights violations in Kya-inn-seikyi and Three Pagodas Pass Township; III. Burmese Army's suspicion of rebel supporters against rural civilians: Abuses against Buddhist Monks; Abuses against Women; Shooting into villages; Killing during porter service; Sexual Violations or Gang Rape against Mon Women; Sexual violations against Karen Women; Killing and inhumane treatments; Torture; "Cruel and degrading treatment has also forced the local inhabitants to flee from their homes and displaced. After all men in the villages are always beaten by the soldiers, most men fled from villages and stayed in the jungle. When there was no man, the soldiers also arrested women for porter service or women are raped. Then women also decided from the native places. There are (unofficial number) one million displaced persons in Burma in the ethnic nationalities area. Most of them have suffered form the cruel and degrading treatments by members of Burmese Army and their physical and metal conditions have been quite weak. As long as the civil war, the innocent ethnic people must suffer more."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (157K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/2004 (January 2004)
Date of publication: 31 January 2004
Description/subject: Conscription of Forced Labour along With Offensives (January 2003, Southern Ye Township, Mon State); SPDC’s Ruthless Way of Winning War; Mon State’s Farmers Demand for Farmers Right; Urgent Release Human Rights Foundation of Monland January 15, 2004 Serious Human Rights Violations: Crimes Against Humanity! Murder, Rape, Forced Relocations in Ye Township, Mon State, Burma (Myanmar); Terror in Southern Part of Ye Township – Part I: Summary Killing, Torture, Arbitrary Arrests and Detention I. Background of Ye Township; Violations of Internationally Recognized Human Rights Principles (Accordingly in this Report); II. Late 2003 Offensives and Suffering of the Civilians; III. Accounts of Killing, Torture, Arbitrary Arrests and Detention; A. Killing; B. Torture: Villages and Population Effected by the Offensives And Human Rights Violations Committed by Burmese Army; C. Arbitrary Arrests and Detentions;
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (541K)
Date of entry/update: 02 September 2006


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/2005 (January 2005)
Date of publication: 31 January 2005
Description/subject: Hundreds of villagers still flee from their homes; The real intention of troops of Burmese army;Burmese Army burns down 3 Mon villages; 5 million Kyat per month payment for gas-pipeline security fee; Knowing the reasons of population displacement; No Protection to Innocent Civilians and Population Displacement; I. Background of Ye Township and Yebyu Township; II. Gross Human Rights Violations and Reason of Population Displacement; Villages and Population Effected by the Offensives and Human Rights Violations Committed by Burmese Army (list of villages and estimates of numbers of households/people displaced); Illegal Taxation: III. Other human rights violations related to displacement: A. Gas pipeline security soldiers use villagers in forced porter service; B. Taxation on the Betal-nut Fruits and Movement Restriction; C. Forced labour for government and army buildings; IV. Population Displacement.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (504K)
Date of entry/update: 21 September 2006


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/2006 (January 2006)
Date of publication: 31 January 2006
Description/subject: Local authority bans Mon National Day signboards; SPDC Restriction against Mon National Day; Environment and National Resource Issues In Mon Areas:- Background of Mon people, Natural Resources and Environment; Extraction of National Resources during SLORC Era; Current Situation Related to National Resources and Environment: I. Land confiscation by Burmese Army; II. Kanbauk-Myaingkalay Gas Pipeline; III. Displaced communities and slash and burnt cultivation method...Actions: Reporting and advocacy; Impact assessment on Salween Dam; Environmental education; Property rights' campaign...Exploitation of Natural Resources and the suffering of civilians in the Southern Burma: I. The Exploitation of Natural Resource; II. The Summary of the Effects of the Regime's Gas pipelines: A. From Yatana Gas Pipeline; LIB/IB No. Locations; B. From Kanbauk-Myaingkalav Gas Pipeline...III. Providing forced security, unpaid labor and taxation in gas pipeline areas: Security for Yatana Gas Pipeline; Porter Service by Gas Pipeline Security Troops...IV. Impact to Environment: Gas Leaks in Mon Area...V. Logging in Mon State and Tenasserim Division: A. Logging on the rise in Mon area; B. Troops earn money by making charcoal; C. Logging by a pro-SPDC armed group in the Mon area.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (379K)
Date of entry/update: 08 July 2006


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/2007 (January 2007)
Date of publication: 31 January 2007
Description/subject: Development Project Employed 140 villagers in Forced Labor;SPDC Should Admit There Is Humanitarian Crisis; Artillery battalion collects tax on rubber plant; Battalions plant summer paddy using farmer’s equipment; SPDC’s Major and Minor Development Projects and the Impact on Mon Civilians: I. Deteriorated Burmese Economy and Suffering of the People; II. Government Initiatives on Major Projects in Mon State; III. SPDC Projects’ Confiscation of Mon Properties - A. Primary Livelihood of Mon People; B. Development Projects and Displacement; IV. SPDC’s Minor Self-reliance Related Projects - A. Brick Making Project; B. Dam Projects; C. Bridge Projects; V. A Bad Result: Influx of Migrant Workers.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (230K)
Date of entry/update: 12 March 2007


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/2008 (January 2008)
Date of publication: 31 January 2008
Description/subject: News: Regime continues its assault on the Mon Cultural Museum in Moulmein... Burmese soldiers burn plantations to punish suspected rebel supporters... Burmese Army forces villagers to relocate... Mon National Day is celebrated in Burma... Tractor-trailer owners forced to “donate” sand to a government golf course... New travel restrictions announced in Southern Ye... Members of Mon Literature and Culture Association replaced by junta thugs..... Commentary: International organizations can, and should, help protect the people of Mon state..... Report: A two crops policy that barely yields one: the failed Win-panon Dam project...The dry season failures of the Win-pha-non dam...Corruption with the MAS...The rainy season failures of the Win-pha-non Dam...Farmers drowning in cycles of debt...
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (322K)
Date of entry/update: 17 March 2008


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/2009 (January 2009)
Date of publication: 31 January 2009
Description/subject: News: (1) Police harassing Mon women legally working in Thailand... (2) Eight village tracts forced to provide unpaid, 24 hour road sentries... (3) Authorities ignoring rape and murder of 7-year-old girl in Pegu Division... (4) Corrupt taxation enriching government appointed headman in Mudon Township..... Commentary: People will be forced to support SPDC parties in 2010 Elections..... Report: Living between two fires: villager opinions on armed insurgency -- I. Introduction...II. Mon Rebels, and abuse:- A. Fertile forests, for farmers and fighting...B. The Nai Chan Dein group...III. SPDC army, and abuse -- A. Abuses, since 1948...B. Abuses, since November...IV. Go to other villages and you will hear people talking like me: villagers’ opinions -- A. Support for Nai Chan Dein...B. Support contingent on criticism...C. Opposition to Nai Chan Dein...D. Opposition to all armed groups...V. Conclusion
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (341K)
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2009


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/2010 (January 2010)
Date of publication: January 2010
Description/subject: News: (1) Mon National Day Committee accepts government censorship; (2) 200 Karen villagers forced into service in Than Tha Bin Township... Personal Accounts: (1) A group of victims who had fled from the southern part of Ye Township... Commentary: New Conflicts in Mon Areas Signal Instability in 2010... Report: “We have to try”: Mount ing pressure in election preparations and re sponses from the Mon State community: Introduction; Background; Methodology; Census-gathering; Movement Restriction Against Civilians During the Pre-election Period; Targeting of Monastic Communities; Community responses to SPDC manipulation; Conclusion.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (251K)
Date of entry/update: 26 April 2010


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/98 (January 1998)
Date of publication: 31 January 1998
Description/subject: Conscription of forced labour on the repair of Ye-Tavoy motor road; New kind of taxation in Mon State and Tenasserim Division; The Mon refugees were repatriated... Forced Relocation in Kya-lnn-Seikyi township: Forced Relocation Process (incl. names and no. of households of relocated villagers); Other Cruel treatment against the local inhabitants; Population Displacement and Refugee Flux.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (59K) (No maps or photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/99 (January 1999)
Date of publication: 31 January 1999
Description/subject: Mon National Schools in Kawkareik Township were Ordered to Close Down; Three Mon Leaders were Imprisoned with Hard Labour; The Conscription of Forced Labour on the Repair of Ye-Tavoy Railway Road: The Opening Ceremony of Ye-Tavoy Railway Construction; Constant Conscription of Forced Labour and Accompanied Payment; Work-duties to the villager labourers; Appalling Working Conditions; The participation of women and children in the construction site; The Villagers' Hardships for Survival and Population Displacement Problems During Conscripting of Forced Labour.... Personal Account: Interview with An Escapee from Ye-Tavoy Railway Road Repair Construction.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (91K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 10/2000 (October 2000)
Date of publication: 30 October 2000
Description/subject: SPDCs MI No. 5 attempted to close Mon National Schools; LIB No. 299 demanded fund to buy walkie-talkie machines; Land confiscation and continuous civilians' suffering in Ye Township.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (81K), (PDF (480K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2000-10.pdf (original format, with photos, tables, and map)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 10/2001 (October 2001)
Date of publication: 31 October 2001
Description/subject: Local SPDC's Agricultural Products Trading Department forced farmers to sell paddy; Forced labour in Mon State after ILO Team visit; Human rights violations by SPDC and Burmese Army in Ye and Yebyu Township areas. Suffering of a Mon villager from Pa-law Township, Tenasserim Division.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (104K) (No maps or photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 10/2002 (October 2002)
Date of publication: 31 October 2002
Description/subject: News: (1) Forced labour in Ye-Tavoy road repairs; (2) Paddy destroyed by flood, difficult for farmers to sell their paddy to regime; (3) Guards in Kanbauk-Myaingkalay gas pipeline and forced laour; News in Brief: SPDC's various types of tax collection in Mon State. Report: (1) Human rights violations committed by DKBA and its unlawful activities.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (176k) (No maps or photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 10/2003 (October 2003)
Date of publication: 31 October 2003
Description/subject: Printing of books in Mon Language are barred; SPDC’s Political Plan and Denial of People Participation; Kanbauk-Myaingkalay gas pipeline exploded October 17, 2003, Mudon Township, Mon State; Executive Summary of “No Land To Farm” Report; Human Rights Violations, Militarization and Labour Migration from Southern Burma I. The deep analysis on population migrantion; II. Human rights abuses that creates migration A. Illegal Taxation; B. Constant Conscription of Forced Labour; C. Looting crops and paddy tax; D. Land and properties confiscation; III. Militarization and its effects A.Forced recruits for military training; B.Increase of porter service; C. Escapees from Burmese Army; IV. Situation in Thailand;
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (467K)
Date of entry/update: 02 September 2006


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 10/2004 (October 2004)
Date of publication: 31 October 2004
Description/subject: News: (1) Land-mine victim could not receive treatment in Burma's hospital; (2) Forced labour in police force deployment by Burmese Army...Commentary: Change in Regime Makes No Change for Burma... Media Release: Burma's Military Junta Wages War of Human Rights Violation in Mon State, Burma... Report: (1) SPDC's Tensions against Mon Political Parties and systematic persecution against Mon activists
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (383K)
Date of entry/update: 26 February 2005


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 10/2005 (October 2005)
Date of publication: 31 October 2005
Description/subject: USDA's Forced Registration and Preparation for Future Election; SPDC's National Convention and Plan to Hold on Power; The Plight of a Child Soldier...Role of ILO in Elimination of Forced Labour in Burma:- I. ILO's Involvement in Burma for Protection of Labour Rights; II. Important Role of ILO Office and Labour Rights Defenders; III. Escalated Tension Between ILO and SPDC in 2005; IV Continuous Use of Forced Labour in Mon State: A. Past Use of Forced Labour; B. Regular Use of Forced Labour; C. Forced Labour in 2005; V. Necessary for Presence of ILO.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (310K)
Date of entry/update: 09 July 2006


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 10/2006 (October 2006)
Date of publication: 31 October 2006
Description/subject: Villagers forced to train as militia for the protection of the country; Replacing headmen can’t make Burma into a democracy; Village Man Beaten To Death after Domestic Incident; Villagers suffer between the military and the rebels; Land confiscation persevere in Mudon Township; New Land confiscation in Wae- Ka-Lee village, Thanbyuzayat; Personall accounts of human rights violations; A failed Development Projcet. Win-pha-non Dam, Mon State: Farming problems created by flooding from the Winpha- non Dam; How different land levels are problematic for growing paddy; Government Corruption; Government Threats; Government Impediments to Increased Rice Production; How the Dam creates debt for farmers; The value of land destroyed.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (849K)
Date of entry/update: 22 November 2006


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 10/2008 (October 2008)
Date of publication: 31 October 2008
Description/subject: NEWS: (1) SPDC confiscating and reselling vehicles in Mon State... (2) Villagers along the Ye to Tenasserim Division road forced to make road repairs... (3) Villagers in Yebyu Township strained by the army’s latest round of taxation.....COMMENTARY: SPDC Creates USDA as a Main Political Party in 2010 Elections.....REPORT: A silenced anniversary: one year after the Saffron Revolution: I. Introduction...II. August and September 2007: peaceful protest, violent response: A. Demonstrations across the country; B. Demonstrations in Mon State...III. August and September 2008: crackdowns and quiet: A. Isolated protests; B. Countrywide crackdowns; C. The cyber offensive...IV. Protest prevention in Mon State: sentries, sweeps and checkpoints: A. Orders from Naypyidaw; B. Travel checkpoints; C. Monitoring of public places; D. Monitoring of monasteries and religious sites; E. Monitoring of students and universities; F. Monitoring of government offices; G. Midnight ward sweeps...V. Conclusion.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (820K)
Date of entry/update: 25 October 2008


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 10/2009 (October 2009)
Date of publication: 31 October 2009
Description/subject: News: (1) Villagers in Kyaikmayaw Township forced to contribute money towards castor bean mill... (2) Militia recruitments ordered in North Tenasserim Division... Commentary: National Politics Party, NUP and USDA Start a Secret Campaign for 2010 Elections... Report: “I am very tired”: Three months of abuses along the Kanbauk to Myaing Kalay gas pipeline in Northern Ye and Southern Thanbyuzayat Township, from August 2009 to October 2009: Introduction...Cases of Villagers Forced to Act as Human Shields, and Subsequent Disappearances and Deaths...Unpaid Labor...Arbitrary Taxation by Burmese Army gas pipeline security forces...Torture...Physical and emotional intimidation...Conclusion
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (560K)
Date of entry/update: 21 November 2009


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 10/99 (October 1999)
Date of publication: 31 October 1999
Description/subject: Arrests of hundreds of porters in Mon State and Karen State; Conscription of forced labour in Ye-Tavoy motor road and railway; Conscription of forced labour and related tax extortion by army in Kya Inn Seikyi township area; SPDC's plan to get yearly paddy tax from paddy peasant farmers in Mon State;
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (103K), pdf (511K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF1999-10.pdf (original formatting, with map and photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 11/2000 (November 2000)
Date of publication: 30 November 2000
Description/subject: SPDC Plans to construct a gas-pipeline, lands and houses are confiscated; LIB No. 299 ordered to fence villages; Conscription of forced labour and tax collection in Kawkareik township, Karen State.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (79K), PDF (638K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2000-11.pdf (original format, with photos, facsimile orders and map)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 11/2001 (November 2001)
Date of publication: 30 November 2001
Description/subject: SPDC's IB No. 62 burnt down a Karen village near Thailand border; Suspected villagers are still in detention after a train bomb blast; SPDC's order restriction against farmers; No crop alongside gas pipeline ordered by SPDC; Growth of anti-Muslim sentiment and oppression against Buddhist monks in Pegu Division by SPDC. Plight of young soldiers in SPDC battalions.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (hurfom)
Format/size: html (109K) (No maps or photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 11/2003 (November 2003)
Date of publication: 30 November 2003
Description/subject: The regime’s new plan to re-buy paddy at low price from farmers; How the SPDC’s treatment to farmers?; Further reduction of compensation for the confiscated lands; Disastrous flame burnt down 280 houses in southern Ye Township,but no relief program arranged; Lawlessness in Rural Areas in Southern Burma; Stealing and Looting by the Burmese Army; Setting gambling dens by the authorities; Corruption in all levels.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (428K)
Date of entry/update: 02 September 2006


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 11/2004 (November 2004)
Date of publication: 30 November 2004
Description/subject: News: (1) Mon National School is not permitted for repairs; (2) Burmese Army's way of recruitment: 4000 Kyat salary per month plus bonus...Commentary Current regime's Focus: Non-Engagement to International Community... Report: Land Confiscation by SPDC and Burmese Army in Mon Areas in 2004.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (281K)
Date of entry/update: 26 February 2005


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 11/2005 (November 2005)
Date of publication: November 2005
Description/subject: Mon teachers are under pressure to stop teaching Mon language; Security and Movement Restriction by SPDC; In-depth Analysis on SPDC-Supporting Organizations USDA and PSO: - I. SPDC's Plan to Grip in Power...II. USDA Activities: A. USDA's preparation to recruit new members; B. Train USDA as Future Government; C. USDA's Forced Registration Process; D. USDA members as secret intelligence team; E. Official Supports by SPDC for USDA's Activities...III. People's Strength Organization A. People's Strength Organization's (PSO) Training Programs; B. Analysis on PSO.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (321K)
Date of entry/update: 09 July 2006


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 11/2006 (November 2006)
Date of publication: 30 November 2006
Description/subject: Serious Human Rights violation persist in Southern Ye Township; NMSP Ceasefire is Unstable; Land confiscation keeps on in Sothern Ye Township; Urgent Release By the Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM) – Burma On Massive Arbitrary Arrest and Torturing in Southern Part of Ye Township; Militia troops on the rise - A new strategy to rip off the local inhabitants in Southern Burma: The updated Situation; The Act of Compulsory Military Service and People’s Militia Force; Recruitment and villagers’ supports to militiamen; People’s Militia Force: Another Name for an Anti-Demonstration force; The Structure of ‘People’s Militia Force’; The distress of the local inhabitants; The recruitment of People’s Militia Force by Local Military Battalions; Plight of Villagers Under Forced Recruitment for the Militia: Ye Township; Mudon Township.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (163K)
Date of entry/update: 24 January 2007


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 11/2007 (November 2007)
Date of publication: 07 November 2007
Description/subject: News: (1) Corrupt police arrest youths, seize motorcycles in Mudon Township; (2) Village headmen shell out over one million Kyat to Township authorities... Commentary: People wants peaceful political dialogue... Report: (1) Land Confiscation and Continuous Consequences to Civilians in Northern Ye Area.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (381K)
Date of entry/update: 27 January 2008


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 11/2008 (November 2008)
Date of publication: 30 November 2008
Description/subject: News: (1) SMudon Township authorities order local farmers to cultivate summer rice, again; (2) Young men in Pegu forced to join army, v illa gers forced to work as unpaid laborers; (3) More land seized in northern Mon State... Commentary: Will ASEAN or the UN Human Rights Council do anything in response harsh sentencing by the SPDC?... Report: “I have no more left in my hands:” Human rights conditions in southern Ye Township and northern Tavoy District: I. Introduction...II. Background...III. Human rights violations in Ye and Tavoy, 2008: A. Interrogation, assault and summary execution; B. Travel restrictions and surveillance; C. Punitive taxation, quotas and looting; D. Forced labor; IV. Conclusion.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (722K)
Date of entry/update: 22 November 2008


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 11/2009 (November 2009)
Date of publication: 30 November 2009
Description/subject: News: (1) More than one hundred acres of farmland confiscated in Kamawet Sub- Township... (2) 37 villagers detained by IB 31 in Khawza Sub-Township... (3) Army continues to demand that local residents work along gas pipeline in Thanbyuzayat township..... Commentary: The 2008 Constitution and the 2010 Elections: Without Inclusiveness, Problems Will Remain Unresolved..... Report: Burmese government pressure on communities for support in 2010 election: Introduction...Background:...Use of Information Reporting and Spying Among Communities in Pre-election Period:...Militia Recruitment Disguised as Civilian Welfare Trainings:...Increase in Militia and Police Recruiting within Communities:...Arbitrary and Excessive Taxation Abuse From Pre-Election Recruitment:...Conclusion:
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (190K)
Date of entry/update: 01 December 2009


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 11/99 (November 1999)
Date of publication: 30 November 1999
Description/subject: Mon schools were ordered to close down; The farmers are forced to grow two seasons paddy crops; The returned immigrants are suffered from extortion and detention; More military deployment in Mon State and related land confiscation: The Analysis on Land Confiscation - Land confiscation for rice farms and fruit plantation; Land confiscation for new settlement or new town section; Land confiscation for development projects; Land confiscation for troops deployment. Land Confiscation and Troop Deployments in 1999 in Mon State; The Conscription of Forced Labour and Collection Fund in Construction of the Military Camps
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (64K), pdf (326K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF1999-11.pdf (contains pictures and original formatting)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 12/2000 (December 2000)
Date of publication: 31 December 2000
Description/subject: Conscription of forced labour by LIB No. 299 after order halting this practices by SPDC; Conscription of forced labour in Karen State; SPDC forcible paddy buying conditions in Mon State; Land confiscation and fund extortion for development projects in Mon State; Human Rights Situation in Paung Tow.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (84K) PDF (504K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2000-12.pdf (original format, with photos and map)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 12/2001 (December 2001)
Date of publication: 31 December 2001
Description/subject: Less forced labour, but more fund extortion for road constructions; Chaung-zon township farmers are forced to grow bean in drought lands; Farmers in Mon and Karen States are forced to sell their paddy at low price; December 31, deadline for migrant workers; Collective human rights abuses in Ye Township after military deployment and hew armed conflict, PART I: forced labour and porter service.
Language: English
Source/publisher: uman Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html 105K) (No photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 12/2003 (December 2003)
Date of publication: 31 December 2003
Description/subject: 1400 houses are relocated in Rangoon-Moulmein railway project; Terror in Ye and Yebyu Township, Southern Burma; Militarization policy and human rights violations in northern part of Tenasserim Division SPDC’s militarization policy and armed conflict in Tenasserim Division; The Command of Burmese Army; Compulsory military training and forced labour; Gross Human Rights Violations: I. Summary Execution; II. Kidnapping and Torture; 3. Sexual Assaults against Women; 4. Looting and Extortion; 5. Movement restriction.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (285K)
Date of entry/update: 02 September 2006


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 12/2004 (December 2004)
Date of publication: 31 December 2004
Description/subject: News: (1) Villagers are forced to build government servants' resodents...Commentary SPDC's Plan to grip on power in 2005... Report: (1) Brief Records of Gross Human Rights in Mon Areas in 2004
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (195K)
Date of entry/update: 26 February 2005


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 12/2005 (December 2005)
Date of publication: 31 December 2005
Description/subject: The Mon Political Prisoner in Depression; SPDC's Refusal for National Reconciliation Process; Militarization and Continuous Suffering of Civilians in Mon Areas: Enforcement of Militarization Policy; Militarization after May 30 Killing Incident; The suffering of the civilians: A. Compulsory military training and forced labour; Land and properties confiscation by effect of Militarization; SPDC'S land confiscation for Army Village; Farmers lose land to Military Camps; Army auctioned seized plantations; Movement Restriction - Villagers' farm work restricted in Ye Township...SPDC's restriction against the Mon education rights: A Mon Middle Level School under Pressure to Relocate.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (333K)
Date of entry/update: 08 July 2006


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 12/2006 (December 2006)
Date of publication: 31 December 2006
Description/subject: Burmese battalion continues to torture southern Mon people; SPDC’s Militarization Policy and Impact on Mon People; Burmese Army confiscates land, farmers pay to work it; Two Crops Causes Debt Cycle For Farmers; Paddy Prices Soar... Growing Use of Forced Labor and Illegal Taxation In Ye Township. I. Background...II. SPDC Taxation Strategy and Forced Labor... III. Problems with Current Growing Forced Labor and Taxes; Taxation: A. Travel Document Tax; B. Orchard Tax; Map of Southern Ye Township and Easten Ye, Mon State; Forced Labour: A. Forced Recruitment For Militia Training; B. Forced Guarding of Villages; C. Forced Cultivation of Physic Nut Trees; D. Road Construction...IV. Forced Labor in Ethnic Areas and Livelihoods.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (256K)
Date of entry/update: 24 January 2007


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 12/2007 (December 2007)
Date of publication: 31 December 2007
Description/subject: News: (1) Forced name change for Mon Cultural Museum by SPDC regime... (2) Local police ban beer sale in Mon state... (3) International human rights day held at Mon refugee camp in Thailand... (4) Burmese junta force farmers to cultivate summer rice... (5) Forty villagers tortured for their possessions... (6) Patients required to pay private clinics before receiving hospital treatment... (7) Monks require hometown police recommendation making passport... (8) Burmese regime force farmers to feed army...... Commentary: National Reconciliation in 2008 in Burma...... Report: Analysis of SPDC human rights violations in 2007: I. Summary of this report...II. SPDC human rights violations in 2007 - A. Summary of the events surrounding the September protests...B. Human rights violations committed by the SPDC during the September protests - Killing: Arbitrary Arrest, Detention and Imprisonment:Torture and Mistreatment: 1...C. Conscription and forced labour...Forced labor in bridge and highway construction:...Providing security for roads and bridges:...Providing security for gas pipelines:...Conscription into militia forces:....D. Movement Restrictions against Civilians and Buddhist Monks Movement restrictions prior to the September protests:...Movement restrictions following the September protests:...E. Torture and inhumane treatment...III. Consequences of SPDC human rights violations in 2007... A. Growth of civil society...B. Weakening of ceasefire groups like the NMSP...IV. Conclusion.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (535K)
Date of entry/update: 17 March 2008


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 12/2008 (December 2008)
Date of publication: 31 December 2008
Description/subject: News: (1) Thai Immigration detaining migrant workers who survived gruesome auto accident; (2) Mon political prisoner transferred from Insein to Tharawaddy Prison; (3) DKBA executes couple accused of being witches; (4) Former SPDC soldier arrested for rape of 10- year-old girl..... Commentary: Long sentences and transfers handed out to political prisoners part of preparations for 2010 Elections..... Report: Protecting their rice pots: an economic profile of trade and corruption in Three Pagodas Pass: I. Introduction; II. Background - A. Contested territory; B. A wild west town, in decline; C. Trade routes and checkpoints...III. An economic profile" A. Border trade - 1. Logging; 2. Minerals, gems, ivory and antiques; 3. Agricultural products and livestock; 4. Drugs; 5. Migrant labor trafficking; 6. Imports from Thailand...B. Illegal activities occurring in Three Pagodas: 1. Gambling; 2. Prostitution.....IV. Conclusion.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (409K)
Date of entry/update: 22 December 2008


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 12/2009 (December 2009)
Date of publication: December 2009
Description/subject: News: (1) Continued abuse on International Human Rights day in Khaw-zar sub-township; (2) Villagers forced to carry stones for Burmese army battalion; (3) IB No. 48 kills 3 in Pegu Division... Commentary: Farmers in Mon State are in Trouble... Personal Accounts: Meeting with villagers who escaped from torture and abuses in their home... Report: Election preparations round off a year of abuses against farmers in Mon territory: Introduction; Devastation in the 2009 crop season; Ongoing Abuse; Arbitrary seizure of farmland; Maintenance duty for gas-pipelines; Extortion of money for cost of tractor; Forced summer paddy cultivation; Forced labor on agriculture projects; Forced sales of discounted rice to the Army; Impacts; Ongoing SPDC trainings for 2010 election; Impact of election preparation trainings on farmers; Conclusion.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (426K)
Date of entry/update: 26 April 2010


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 12/99 (December 1999)
Date of publication: 31 December 1999
Description/subject: Prisoners and civilians are used as forced labourers in local SPDC's farms and the related huge tax collection; Unusual tax collection in Gyaing river area; The local Mon farmers are forced to sell their paddy, and some farmers are arrested; Paddy-husking mills were ordered to close down in Kya; Heavy Tax Collection on Pa-an-Myawaddy Motor Road; Crimes committed by LIB No. 120, under the command of LID No. 88 in Karen State: The New Military Offensive in Karen State by SPDC; Cruel Torturing and Killing of Karen Villagers; Looting from the Villages; Conscription of Civilian Porters in the Battle-fields; Population Displacement and Refugee Flux to Thailand-Burma Border Area. Interview with a Karen villager from Kyone-sein village.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (100K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 2/2000 (February 2000)
Date of publication: 29 February 2000
Description/subject: Mon National Day in Rangoon was Banned; Corruption and tax collection in Mon State; The various mistreatment against farmers during 1999-2000 paddy buying season (Part II).
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (61K) PDF (468K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2000-02.pdf (original format with pictures)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 2/2001 (February 2001)
Date of publication: 28 February 2001
Description/subject: Fund collection for tatmadaw members; Conscription of porters in Mon State; Forced purchase of bean in Pegu Division; Cruel and degrading treatments against civilians in Tenasserim Division, in Year 2000: (1) Accusation of rebel-supporters and abuses; (2) Abuses against women; (3) Population displacement.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (98K), pdf (353K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2001-02.pdf (original format, with photos and map)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 2/2002 (February 2002)
Date of publication: 28 February 2002
Description/subject: News: (1) The Burmese Army still uses forced labour; (2) SPDC authorities' farms, but fund supported by civilians; Report: (1) Forced buying of paddy from the farmers in southern part of Burma.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (95K) (No maps or photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 2/2003, (February 2003)
Date of publication: 28 February 2003
Description/subject: SPDCs Police Officers Disturbed Mon National Day Celebration; Forced labour along Kanbauk-Myaing kalay Gas Pipeline; Forcibly Buying of Paddy in Southern Part of Burma: I. Farmers in Southern Part of Burma; II. Forcible Buying Paddy in the Mon State; Mudon Township: MoulmeinTownship; Ye Township; Paung Township; Chaungzone Township; Kyaikmayaw Township; Thanbyuzayat Township... III. Forcible Paddy buyng in Karen State: Kya-inn-seikyi Township; Kawkareik Township... IV. Forcible buying paddy in Tenasserim Division: Yebyu Township... V. The plight of farmers.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (124K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 2/2004 (February 2004)
Date of publication: 29 February 2004
Description/subject: Inhumane or Degrading Treatments against Civilians Continue (February 2004, Southern Ye Township, Mon State); What the MNWCWA Can Do for the Women in Southern Part of Ye Township; Terror in Southern Part of Ye Township – Part II I. Imposing ‘Great Fear’ Among the Civilian; II. Sexual Violations Against Women; A. Sexual Harassment against Women “Fashion & Beauty Show” arranged by Burmese Army’s local commanders; Rotation of Women’s Labour and Entertainment; B. Sexual Violations or Rapes; Rape Cases:...III. Forced Relocation and Dislocation; IV. No Protection to Innocent Civilians; Violations of Internationally Recognized Human Rights Principles (Accordingly in this Report).
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (260K)
Date of entry/update: 02 September 2006


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 2/2005 (February 2005)
Date of publication: 28 February 2005
Description/subject: The local villagers’ payment for gas pipeline security; Call for ASEAN’s responsibilities for Democratization in Burma; Civilians’ Houses in Ye and Yebyu Townships Are Burnt Down; SPDC’s National Convention: Silencing down the ceasefire groups’ voices; History of conflict; Role of ceasefire groups in the NC; Arbitrary arrests and detention of Shan leaders; Tensions between SPDC and NMSP; Current situation of ceasefire groups the NC
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (554K)
Date of entry/update: 21 September 2006


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 2/2008 (February 2008)
Date of publication: 29 February 2008
Description/subject: News: (1) Cholera Outbreak in Mon State... (2) SPDC tightens security in response to anti-referendum activism... (3) Burmese Army troops kill woman in Southern Ye Township... (4) Burmese people fearful of banks, invest in land instead... (5) Computer shops investigated for copies of banned film... (6) IDPs on Thai-Burma border tricked into signing up for referendum IDs.. (7) Three Pagoda border crossing open, for the right price... (8) New Thai Governor targeting Mon workers.....Commentary: There will be no free and fair People Referendum.....Report: Another Cut: the SPDC Campaign to Erase Mon Culture: - I. Introduction... II Background...III. Attacks on Mon culture: A. Rewriting history...B. Erasing a language...C. Hijacking museums and cultural artifacts...D. Targeting important cultural symbols.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (270K)
Date of entry/update: 26 March 2008


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 2/2009 (February 2009)
Date of publication: 28 February 2009
Description/subject: News: (1) Mons worldwide celebrate national day; Burmese regime censors their speech... (2) Villagers forced to pay for concert... (3) Government-appointed headman stealing resources meant for school repairs..... Commentary: Regime still fails to improve human rights before the 2010 election..... Report: Living on a one-way ticket: self-reliance in the Mon resettlement sites:- I. Introduction...II. Background... A. Factors motivating displacement: a. Interrogation, assault and summary execution; b. Travel restrictions, forced relocation and surveillance; c. Punitive taxation, quotas, land seizure and looting; d. Forced labor, including conscription of porters and human minesweepers for military operations...B. Resettlement sites and “returned refugees”...III. Returned refugees livelihoods A. MRDC support and “self reliance”...B. Factors under-mining self reliance 1. Limited space for agriculture...Map of resettlement sites in NMSP controlled areas near the Thai Burma border...2. Security...3. Few non-agricultural jobs...IV. Conclusion.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (458K)
Date of entry/update: 26 February 2009


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 2/2010 (February 2010)
Date of publication: February 2010
Description/subject: News: (1) Village militia campaign leads to arrests in Yebyu Township; (2) DKBA combined base supplies gathered at villager expense; (3) Continued Forced Portering in Than Tha Bin Township... Commentary: Social Responsibility of Multinational Companies in Burma... Report: Oil and Water: The Impact of Government salary increases on democratic prospects: Introduction; The Salary Increase; Details of Commodity Price Increases; Voices of Current Government Employees; Voices of Retired Government Employees; Voices from privately employed civilians; Analysis; Conclusion.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (185K)
Date of entry/update: 27 April 2010


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 2/98 (March 1998)
Date of publication: 01 March 1998
Description/subject: Conscription of forced labour in Ye-Tavoy railway construction; SPDC local authorities broke promise to rice-cultivation farmers in Mon State; Three Mon injured, two Karens were killed by SPDC troops... The suffering of Mon and Karen villagers during the SLORC/SPDC continued offensives in Ye and Yebyu townships: The Forced Relocation in Ye Township and Relative Abuses; Rape Case in Natkyi Village; Forced Dislocation in Yebyu Township; Destruction of Mayan Village and Arbitrary Execution.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (59K) (No maps or photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 2/99 (February 1999)
Date of publication: 28 February 1999
Description/subject: Conscription of forced labour in Widening of Ye-Tavoy Motor Road; SPDC Troops used civilians as human-shields on Three Pagoda Pass-Thanbyuzayzat Motor Road; Forced labour in construction of dikes for army's rice cultivation lands in Yebyu township area: Supply Cuts to Army and Creation of Self-support in SPDC Local Battalions; Construction of Four Dikes in Yebyu Township Area - A. The Construction of "Singu" Dikes; B. The Construction of "Hmaw-gyi" Dike; C. Construction of "Kywe-tho-nyima" Dike; D. Construction of "Mintha" Dike; The Work-duties in the Construction Sites; The instruction order to construct the dike; Appalling Consequences in Construction-site; Other Mistreatments by Government Troops During the Construction; Constant Conscription of Forced Labour and Related Sufferings of Local Community.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (107K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 3/2000 (March 2000)
Date of publication: 31 March 2000
Description/subject: Forced labour in motor road for Total Oil and Gas Company; More land confiscation in northern part of Ye Township for military deployment; Forced labour in taking in railway in Ye Township; Levying tax for porter fee and development projects in Mon State.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Subscribe: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2000-03.htm
Format/size: html (63K) PDF (382K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2000-03.pdf (original version, with pictures)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 3/2001 (March 2001)
Date of publication: 31 March 2001
Description/subject: MI Unit No 5's threats to Mon National Schools; Child labour in Moulmein, the capital of Mon State; Development projects and related abuses in Mon State. Attached document: SPDCs supplementing order on forced labour, by Ministry of Home Affairs, Union of Myanmar.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (103K,), PDF (396K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2001-03.pdf (original format with map and photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 3/2002 (March 2002)
Date of publication: 31 March 2002
Description/subject: News: (1) Huge fund for development projects; (2) Forced labour used in Kya-inn-seikyi Township; Report: (1) The extent of Burmese Army (Tatmadaw) and the suffering of the civilians.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (132K) (No maps or photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 3/2004 (March 2004)
Date of publication: 31 March 2004
Description/subject: Mon National Conference condemned to SPDC for ‘human rights violations’ in Mon areas; Political Development and Human Rights Issue; Eviction by Salween Bridge (Moulmein) Project and Rangoon-Moulmein Railway Project in Mon State I. Background of forced relocation and eviction in southern Burma; II. Location Bridge and Railway and a Major Eviction; III. Eviction of Houses and City Residents; IV. Setting Up Satellite Town; V. Compensation Process; VI. Urban Population Displacement; VII. SPDC’s Victory; VIII. The suffering of the people.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (438K)
Date of entry/update: 02 September 2006


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 3/2005 (March 2005)
Date of publication: 31 March 2005
Description/subject: Confiscated land owners are allowed to collect rubber latex with tax payment; A dangerous political tension and protracted civil war in Shan State; A Burmese soldier killed a pregnant woman; Past and Present Suffering of Civilians in Yebyu Township Under the Name of Security to Gas Pipelines: I. Background of Yebyu Township; II. Important location for SPDC; III. Gross Human Rights Violations A. House Burnt and Forced Dislocation; B. Sexual violations against women; C. Forced labour in Porter Service; D. Looting and Taxation; IV. Result: Population Displacement
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (345K)
Date of entry/update: 21 September 2006


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 3/2008 (March 2008)
Date of publication: 31 March 2008
Description/subject: News: (1) Referendum campaigns speed up in Mon State... (2) Illegal rice imports boom at Three Pagodas Pass... (3) Cease-fire groups required to provide security for the referendum... (4) Classes canceled to make room for polling stations... (5) Water festivities marked by referendum campaigns... (6) MNDF says Junta desperate to have constitution approved... (7) Referendum Commission threatens to delay elections if Constitution rejected... (8) Government groups organizing villagers in Mon State to vote “Yes”... (9) Hungry and Weak; Burma Migrants Deported....... Commentary: Current Draft Constitution Does Not Move to National Reconciliation....... Opinion & Analysis: (1) Civil society best hope for dignity of Burmese people... (2) Referendum; Crisis Continues?...... Report: Burma’s Constitutions: Downgrading from Democracy to Dictatorship::: A. The 1947 and 1974 Constitutions and Demands for Democracy; B. The people’s genuine desire for democracy in Burma; C. Analysis of the Draft Constitution - The Draft Constitution is undemocratic, Military dominance in lawmaking and barriers to Constitutional Amendment, Lack of Rights for Ethnic Nationalities, Legalized coups and broad authority to crack down on demonstrations...D. Undemocratic preparation for the referendum...E. Conclusion.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (301K)
Date of entry/update: 30 April 2008


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 3/2009 (March 2009)
Date of publication: 31 March 2009
Description/subject: News: (1) Permission denied to repair Mon National schools in southern Ye township... (2) Nigh time travel banned in Mudon and Thanbyuzayat... (3) Six villages suffer actions by DKBA..... Commentary: Considerations on Human Rights and Political Progress...... Personal: Meeting with villagers who recently fled to the border...... Report: Economic predation: taxation, extortion and commandeering in Mon State: I. Introduction; II. Background: A. Bad times, getting worse...B. Taxation...III. Taxation, extortion and commandeering: A. Forced labor fees...B. Projects and events...C. Services and general opportunism...D. Support for the army.....IV. Livelihood consequences......V. Conclusion
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (458K)
Date of entry/update: 30 March 2009


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 3/2010 (March 2010)
Date of publication: March 2010
Description/subject: News: (1) Cordless phone towers closed due to suspected media link; (2) Over 300 villagers flee from MOMC.7 offensive in Pegu Division; (3) Displaced villagers continue to struggle in Tavoy District; (4) Villagers forced to live in hiding after 2 villages burned; (5) Extortion efforts against residents near Kanbauk to Myinkalay pipeline expanded... Commentary: Can Ethnic Problems Be Solved After the 2010 Elections?... Report: Cycles of abuse: How extortion of remittances from Burmese workers perpetuates worker migration: Introduction; Background; Key checkpoints extorting money from migrants; Departure and extortion of migrants at Three Pagoda Pass; Departure and extortion of migrants at Myawaddy; Conclusion.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (303K)
Date of entry/update: 27 April 2010


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 3/98 (April 1998)
Date of publication: 01 April 1998
Description/subject: Thousands of Burmese Immigrants Return Burma; Cash Extortion for the Bridges along the Ye-Tavoy Railway; The Opening Ceremony of Ye-Tavoy Railway; Forced Labour in Southeast Military Commander's Gold Field... Personal Account: Stories of Forced Labour in SPDC'S Infrastructure Development Project, Ye-Tavoy Railway Construction... Plan for Forced Relocation of the Villagers from Kalar Goke Island: The Background of Kalar Goke Village; The Instruction for Forced Relocation; The Situation in the New Resettlement Site; Strategic Island for Regime and Companies.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (92K) (No maps or photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 4/2000 (April 2000)
Date of publication: 30 April 2000
Description/subject: Conscription of forced labour in the construction of Hangan-Khawza motor road; More IDPs in Yebyu Township area; Levying tax from dry season paddy crop of the local farmers; Repatriation of Mon displaced persons from Thailand; Tax collection and other violations for battalion fund: Taxation for Police Station and Army Battalion Fund; Levying Indirect Tax from Civilians for Occasions and Activities;
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (69K), PDF (362K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2000-04.pdf (original format with photos etc.)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 4/2001 (April 2001)
Date of publication: 30 April 2001
Description/subject: New land confiscation in Ye township for Army; Forced relocation for dam construction in Paung Township; More restriction against activities by ethnic Mon community in Rangoon; REPORT: Forcible buying of agricultural crops in southern part of Burma: I. Conditions of Agriculture in Southern part of Burma; II. Paddy Buying in Mon State; Order (translation plus facsimile in pdf version) "To sell the set amount of paddy from Town Quarter/ Village"; III. Forcible Buying of Paddy in Karen State; IV. Forcible Buying of Bean in Pegu Division; V. The Plight of Farmers.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (80K), PDF (528K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2001-04.pdf (original format, with map, Burmese language doc and photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 4/2002 (April 2002)
Date of publication: 30 April 2002
Description/subject: News: (1) More land confiscation by MOMC No. 19 for Artillery Regiment; (2) Looting by Burmese Army and SPDC authorities; (3) Deep corruption in village PDC authorities; (4) The establishment of a Mon national school was barred; SPDC and DKBA's human rights violations in Brief: Report: (1) Burmese Army's constant requisition of forced labour.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (130K) (No maps or photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 4/2003 (April 2003)
Date of publication: 30 April 2003
Description/subject: News: (1) Forced labour continues in Karen State; (2) Farmers tried to find defenders for their suffering; Report: (1) Burmese Army (Tatmadaw) Involvement in Extortion and Corruption in Burma.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (520K)
Date of entry/update: 02 July 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 4/2005 (April 2005)
Date of publication: 30 April 2005
Description/subject: Closing Ceremony of Mon Literacy Training Holds in Mudon Township; Dangerous Political Pressure to Ethnic Nationalities; Widespread Water Shortage Problems in Lower Burma; Multi-national investments, human rights violations and delay of democratic transition in Burma (Human Rights Foundation of Monland) Foreign Investment and Injection to the Military Regime; Unprecedented Human Rights Violations; SPDC: Strengthening Power with Dollars; USDA: The Organization Strengthening the Military Rule in Burma (Myanmar); I. Introduction: II. USDA, an Elite in the Community; III. USDA’s Political Agendas – A Future Winner in Elections; IV. USDA Current Activities Restricting the Civil Society USDA against Mon Literature Protection; USDA is formed as Intelligence Team; V. USDA: As Paramilitary Force; VI. USDA’s Involvement in Human Rights Violations;
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (353K)
Date of entry/update: 21 September 2006


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 4/2009 (April 2009)
Date of publication: 30 April 2009
Description/subject: News: (1) Mon rebels and SPDC army execute four village leaders in span of 12 hours... (2) New joint Mon-Burmese force attacks Karen rebels in Tenasserim Division... (3) Village headman sells confiscated land in Ye Township..... Commentary: Militarization in ethnic areas obstacle to national reconciliation..... Report: Surviving in the places where power comes through gun barrels: Violations Accounts of DKBA and its Unlawful Activities in Dooplaya District" I. Summary; II. Background of Dooplaya District; III. Abuses by DKBA Kloh Htoo Baw or ‘Shwe Hpar Si’ Tactical Command; A. Current offensives against KNLA/KNU; B. Demanding building materials, food and money for new camps construction; C. Destruction of properties; D. Confiscating livestock and agriculture products; E. Using villagers as minesweepers, guides and porters; F. Attacks on religious freedom; G. Movement Restriction; IV. Abuses by DKBA Special Battalion No. 999; A. Systematic looting of food and livestock; B. Destruction, arrest and extortion; C. Appointment of spies and informants; V. Conclusion; Map of area.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (445K)
Date of entry/update: 23 April 2009


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 4/2010 (April 2010)
Date of publication: April 2010
Description/subject: News: (1) IDP influx instigates Halochanee camp supply crisis; (2) 2010 Election Update: Ye Township USDA office use government administration to request family lists from area residents... Commentary: 2010 Elections Is Meaningless for the Mon People... Report: When Frogs Eat Frogs: Systematic Abuses by DKBA Forces Against Karen Communities: DKBA Army and Precedents of Abuse; Extortion in the Kawkareik Township DKBA Controlled Territory; Unpaid Labor and Portering Service Committed by DKBA; Torture committed by DKBA Battalions No.908 and No. 907 in Kawkareik Territory; Villager Opinions on the DKBA; Conclusion....Summary: "The Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM) will spend its April 2010 report documenting the continued deliberate abuse of predominantly Karen residents by forces from the Democratic Karen Buddhist Army (DKBA). These findings come 1 year after HURFOM initially released a report detailing abuses committed by DKBA forces in Dooplya Distrct1. From early March to the third week of April, a team of field researchers from HURFOM has documented human rights abuses committed by soldiers from the DKBA against local residents in the areas of Kawkareik and Kyainnseikyi townships. These areas remain contested by the armies of the SPDC and DKBA, sporadically engaging with elements of the insurgent Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA). Within these "black areasâ€� or free fire zones, SPDC and DKBA armies do not restrict their use of lethal force, and government and proxy army units, such as the DKBA, are given an unwritten order to steal, extort, and arbitrarily tax residents as they see fit to provide for their units own survival and wealth. HURFOM believes that as tensions have increased in relation to preparations by the SPDC for their 2010 election, and their relationship with the border ceasefire groups deteriorates, these troubles will lead to increased human rights abuses. It is crucial that the activities of the pro-government proxy army, the DKBA remain closely documented. This report will detail the 3 primary abuses committed by DKBA forces during this period; extortion of goods and money, use of unpaid labor and porters, and torture. The DKBA, which has informally accepted the SPDC's request to refit as a subsidiary border guard force, has become nearly unrecognizable to area residents, who cite shared language as the only means of separating SPDC forces from those of the DKBA. To highlight the growing concern within the Karen community over the direction the DKBA has turned, HURFOM has included in the latter half of this report opinions from township residents' describing their experiences, reactions and thoughts regarding the DKBA's close partnership with the SPDC."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (268K)
Date of entry/update: 04 May 2010


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 4/98 (June 1998)
Date of publication: 15 June 1998
Description/subject: One Mon village in Thai territory was burnt down; Land confiscation and cash extortion for area development program in Mon State; The oppression against the rice cultivation farmers in Mon State: Looting of Paddy from the Whole Mon State - Mudon Township, Thanbyuzayat Township, Ye Township; Punishment to the Farmers, The Arrest of Farmers.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (79K) (No maps or photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 4/99 (April 1999)
Date of publication: 30 April 1999
Description/subject: Forced relocation of Karen and Mon villages along Three Pagoda Pass-Thanbyuzayat motor road; Tax collection under the name of border area development program; SPDC pressure on Mon national education; Atrocity, kidnapping and cash extortion by SPDC troops in Ye and Yebyu township area continue: Civil War, Ceasefire and Suffering of Local Inhabitants; Killing, detaining and torturing; Maltreatment or Punishment against Village Leaders in Rural Area - Forced Disrobing of a Monk to become Village Headman; Torturing Village Headmen... Kidnapping and Related Extortion from Villagers: 1. Violations by Maj. Myo Lwin, LIB No. 106; 2. Violations by Maj. Maung Maung Lay, LIB No. 273; 3. Torturing and Related Extortion by IB No. 61; 4. New Kind of Tax Collection after Fighting by Various SPDC troops.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (89K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 5/2000 (May 2000)
Date of publication: 30 May 2000
Description/subject: Forced relocation of Paukpingwin village and population displacement; SPDC soldiers killed Mon villagers during military operation; Conscription of trucks and use of porters for the military purpose of LID No. 88; The suffering of Mon villagers in Yebyu Township: for labour and porter service for No. 8 Command: Conscription of Forced Labour; Porter Service for No. 8 Command and Its Military Battalions.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (85K) PDF (521K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2000-05.pdf (original format with photos etc.)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 5/2001 (May 2001)
Date of publication: 31 May 2001
Description/subject: Torture and Ransom related to suspicion of rebel-supporters by LIB No. 343; Various types of fund collection in Kya Inn Seikyi township, Karen State; Tatmadaw Plans in Cement factory in Karen State; Forced labour by Burmese Army in lower part of Burma.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (87K) ,PDF (500K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2001-05.pdf (original formatting with map and pictures)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 5/2002 (May 2002)
Date of publication: 31 May 2002
Description/subject: News: 1) Burmese Army's IB No. 77 killed two Mon villagers; 2) Forced the villagers for gas-pipeline guards; 3) Forced labour in Magyi Danikyar road construction. Report: Administration and development fund for SPDC in Mon Area.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (100K) (No maps or photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 5/2004 (May 2004)
Date of publication: 31 May 2004
Description/subject: Mon National Schools are threatened to Close Down by Burmese Army; The Relation between 'Rule of Law' and Protection of Human Rights... Lesson from the Mon Refugee (Involuntary) Repatriation:- I. Political Background or the Root Cause of Mon Refugees; II. Mon Refugee Camps in Thailand; III. Refugees as pawns in political game; IV. On a 'half-way' repatriation of Mon refugees; V. Continuous Population Displacement outside Ceasefire Zones; VI. The situation of the returned Mon refugees and IDPs after 2000: 1. The assistance from aid agencies; 2. Livelihood; 3. Security.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (372K)
Date of entry/update: 09 July 2006


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 5/2005 (May 2005)
Date of publication: 31 May 2005
Description/subject: Continuous Rice Extortion for Burmese Army; No Sign of Political Improvement; The Civil Society Organizations in Mon Areas Under the Limited Space I. Ceasefire and Growth of Civil Society or CBOs in Mon State; II. The community organizations came into existence; III. The CBOs’ Activities, Challenges and Restriction by the Authorities6 1. Mon Literature and Buddhist Culture Association (MLBCA): Challenges: Restriction by the Authorities: 2. Artists and Traditional Mon Dancing Performance Groups: Challenges: Restriction by the Authorities: 3. Mon National Day (MND) Celebrating Committees: Challenges: Restriction from the authorities: IV. Suggestions to INGOs/ Local NGOs for Coordination with CBOs.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (205K)
Date of entry/update: 21 September 2006


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 5/2008 (May 2008)
Date of publication: 31 May 2008
Description/subject: News: (1) Mon Civil War Continues in Southern Ye; (2) Junta Extends Weather Warning Sites in Mon state; (3) Food Crisis Looms in Refugee Camp on Thai-Burma Border; (4) Sea Fish Avoided, Pork Price Soars; (5) Rangoon Residents Pay for Repairing Power Infrastructure; (6) Burma Tops List In Deforestation... Opinion: (1) UN and international community need to prioritize issues in Burma... Commentary: SPDC’s Failure in Cyclone Mission... Report: Trouble Brewing; Before, During and After Cyclone Nargis: The Lead-up; May 2nd, 2008; The ‘Clean-up’; International Community vs General Than Shwe; Now.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (317K)
Date of entry/update: 22 July 2008


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 5/2009 (May 2009)
Date of publication: 31 May 2009
Description/subject: News: (1) Villagers are spread thin after meeting uncompensated labor demands... (2) No end in sight after 4 years of obligatory security detail by villagers..... Commentary: Outraged but not surprised..... Media release: Systemic human rights violations along 180-mile gas pipeline in southern Burma, says new report..... Personal: Meeting with child labors from Southern Mon State..... Report: “I Will Never Go Back:” Human Rights Abuses in Mon State and Tenasserim Division:- Introduction; Arbitrary Executions; Destruction of Civilians’ Houses and Properties; Map of the area documented in the report; Plundering and Looting of Food Supplies; Using Villagers in Forced Porter Service; Causing Great Economic Hardship and Food Crisis; Voices from the Victims Regarding the Loss of their Homes; Conclusion: "The individual abuses carried out in the 4 square mile area surrounding Paukpinkwin are representative of the broader abuses committed by the Burmese army within the wider region of South Mon State and Northern Tenasserim Division. As families continue to flee, abuses by Burmese army and, on a much smaller scale, insurgent forces, are carried out in increasingly depleted communities. In one extreme example, the 2 villages of Baraung and Amae have been completely relocated under the Burmese army’s counter-insurgency policy, carried out in July 2006 and November 2008 respectively. HURFOM research indicates that 65% of households in Paukpinkwin have been forced to relocate in the last 10 years, and continued instances of abuse by the Burmese Army threaten to condemn Paukpinkwin and the surrounding area to a similar fate of Baraung and Amae. But for many villagers, some who are elderly or have lived in the area for generations, leaving is an arduous and sometimes impossible task. They are thus trapped, unable to leave, but also unable to live. These families will remain the fodder for future human rights violations as long as the process of militarization continues."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (825K)
Date of entry/update: 28 May 2009


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 5/2010 (May 2010)
Date of publication: 31 May 2010
Description/subject: News: (1) Khaw Zar town residents struggle with new people’s militia tax; (2) SPDC township authorities arrest and extort fees from residents not included in family lists... Commentary: 2010 Elections with Non- Politicians Candidates... Report: Like water poured in the sand: Southeastern Burma in a post-ceasefire world:- Introduction; Methodology; Background - Pre-ceasefire period; Post-ceasefire agreement period; Current Period; IDP Camps; IDP Camp Security; Current circumstances and needs of of Halockhanee and Blehdonphite resettlement sites; Economic Impacts of War; Impacts on Local Businesses; Land Seizure; Conclusion
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (244K)
Date of entry/update: 27 May 2010


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 5/98 (July 1998)
Date of publication: 31 July 1998
Description/subject: SPDC Orders to Close down Mon National Schools; Forced Labour after Opening Ceremony of YeTavoy Railway Construction; Police Forced the Local Villagers to Grow Rice in Their Confiscated Farms; Revenge against the Villagers instead of Enemy: The Background Situation of Conflict in Ye and Yebyu Townships Area...Punishment by LIB No. 273 - a. Tortures in Danikyar Village; b. Tortures and Rape the Kyonekanya and Khawza Fishing Villagers; c. Tortures in Tawbaung Village...Punishment by IB No. 61 a. Tortures and Rape in Ba-round Village; b. Tortures in Kaw-hlaing Village...Effects after Movement Restriction on Villagers.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (60K) (No maps or photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 5/99 (May 1999)
Date of publication: 31 May 1999
Description/subject: SPDC local authorities enjoy in illegal tax collection and corruption; Village headmen are tortured by commander; Tax collection from passengers, buses and trucks by SPDC'S military, police and servants in Ye; Forced Labour in Ye-Tavoy Motor road construction and the sufferings of local inhabitants: The Background of the Motor Road and Conscription of Forced Labour; The Initial Conscription of Forced Labour in Late 1998 for Motor Road; The Work-Duties in the Construction Site; The Conditions in the Work-sites; The Corruption in the Road Construction; The Population Flight to other Areas; Interview with An Escapee from Ye-Tavoy Motor Road Construction. Personal Account: (1) Interview with an escapee from Ye-Tavoy motor road construction
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (77K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 6/2000 (June 2000)
Date of publication: 30 June 2000
Description/subject: Mon State PDC bars the Mon literacy training in Moulmein; The military operations, human rights violations and related population displacement in Kya Inn Seikyi Township area; Conscription of forced labour for water canals near Pegu city; Population displacement in Yebyu Township area, Tenasserim Division: The Population Displacement in 2000 - (a) Movement Restriction Orders After Mon National Day, (b) Forced Relocation of Paukpingwin Village; Population Displacement
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: PDF (516K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2000-06.pdf (original format with photos etc.)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 6/2001 (June 2001)
Date of publication: 30 June 2001
Description/subject: Report: Collective Human Rights Violations in Kawkareik Township, Karen State. News: (1) IB No. 61 and LIB No. 299 used villagers as porters during a military operation; (2) More migrant workers move into Thailand after Sonkharam festival.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: HTML (107K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 6/2002 (June 2002)
Date of publication: 30 June 2002
Description/subject: News: (1) Rape case in Kya-inn-seikyi Township, Karen State; (2) Forced labour along Kanbauk-Myaingkalay gas pipeline. Report: Forced labour, extortion, looting and other abuses in Kawkareik Township.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (111K) (No maps or photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 6/2003 (June 2003)
Date of publication: 30 June 2003
Description/subject: High education tax during the school opening days; Forcible guarding of gas-pipeline between Thanbyuzayat and Ye Towns; Forced labour in Southern Burma (Myanmar); SPDC’s Political Oppression and Plan to Grip in Power; Deadlock to Political Dialogue in Burma.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (65K)
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 6/2004 (June 2004)
Date of publication: 30 June 2004
Description/subject: SPDC planned to confiscate another 1700 acres of land; SPDC’s National Convention and Human Rights Issue; Logging, Gas Pipeline and Impacts to the Mon People: I. The Exploitation of Natural Resource; II. Logging Business in Three Pagoda Pass border town: Logging and furniture making industries in Three Pagoda Pass Yearly wood production and transportation; Taxation; Price of wood; Who is it beneficial to and who is suffer from the revenge of the nature?; III. Logging in Mon State and Tenasserim Division, southern Burma: A. Forced logging for new battalion in Thanbyuzayat Area; B. Logging by DKBA in Ye Township; C. Logging by DKBA, KPF and other ceasefire groups in Yebyu, Tenasserim Division; IV. Impacts from the Kanbauk-Myaingkalay gas pipelines: A. Demand of building materials; B. Security for gas pipeline in Tenasserim Division; C. Forced women for the security of gas pipeline; D. Impact to Agriculture; E. Restriction movements near pipeline area.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (326K)
Date of entry/update: 02 September 2006


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 6/2008 (June 2008)
Date of publication: 30 June 2008
Description/subject: News: (1) Border town malaria rates rise; (2) A Mon migrant worker shot in southern Thailand... Commentary: Urgent and more assistance to Cyclone victims - Hope... Report: Suppressed: Freedom of Press in Burma: History of Restriction against Freedom of Speech; Media in Exile; Journalists Inside; Internet Use in Burma; Media Inside; Foreign Media and Nargis; Restrictions on Comedy and Music; Moving Forward?... Special Report: Isolated Islands and Assistance Needs for Nargis Victims: Cyclone Nargis and Delay and Lack of Relief Responses; Isolated Cyclone Nargis Affected Islands in Bassein District; Information Restriction in Hein-gyi Island; Self-Help in the Aftermath of Cyclone; Order to Reconstruct the Devastated Communities; Situation Update and Needs in Pyin-kha-yaing Island: Foods, Water, Sheltering, and Relocation Food: Access to Food: Sheltering: Relocation: Water and Sanitation:; Availability of Foods; Needs Assessment of Victims; Food Assessment; Sheltering Assessment: School Building Assessment: Health Care Assessment: Children Education’s Assessment: Livelihood Assessment.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (346K)
Date of entry/update: 21 July 2008


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 6/2009 (June 2009)
Date of publication: 30 June 2009
Description/subject: News: (1) Village in Mudon township forced to repair pipeline ruptures... (2) Over 2,981 Karen flee during the SPDC/DKBA and KNLA clashes... Commentary: SPDC's will to oppose 'National Reconciliation'... Personal Accounts: Interview with three women who fled from home and attempted to migrate to Thailand... Report: A road runs through it: Accounts of abuse during strand road construction in Thanbyuzayat: INTRODUCTION; BACKGROUND; LAND SEIZURE; FORCED SECURITY AND MANUAL LABOR; FORCED PROVISION OF FOOD; Map of Mon PDC road project connecting Setse beach and Kyaikkami Sub-Township, which has directly affected the economic well-being of the local farmers and villagers in Thanbyuzayat Township; CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (581K)
Date of entry/update: 26 June 2009


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 6/2010 (June 2010)
Date of publication: 30 June 2010
Description/subject: News: (1) SPDC fines villager s for digging bomb-shelters for their security in Kyainnseikyi Township; (2) USDA election party membership fee causes frustration amongst members; (3) Recent Karen-Burmese fighting trigger s curfew and travel restrictions; (4) Tax increase at SPDC checkpoint on Zami River, financial burden for travelers and merchants... Commentary: Generals’ Road Map to Power after the Elections... Report: We all must suffer: Documentation of continued abuses during Kanbauk to Myaingkalay pipeline ruptures: Introduction; The presence of Kanbauk to Mayinkalay and a history of ruptures; Current situation for pipeline ruptures and abuses; Abuses related to gas ruptures in Taung Pon Village and Kwan Hla village; Arbitrary arrest and detention; Forced labor, guard duty and extortion; Travel restrictions; Health and Environmental impacts from gas ruptures in Taung Pon and Kwan Hlar villages; Conclusion
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (313K)
Date of entry/update: 05 July 2010


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 6/98 (August 1998)
Date of publication: 30 August 1998
Description/subject: SPECIAL REPORT: Military Regimes' Constant threat against Mon National Education System and Schools... I. SUMMARY OF THE REPORT; II. HISTORY BACKGROUND AND CREATION OF MON EDUCATION SYSTEM: II. 1. The preservation of Mon literature during British and parliamentary democracy era; II. 2. The initiative of Mon education system. III. THE SITUATION OF MON NATIONAL SCHOOLS BEFORE AND AFTER NMSP-SLORC CEASEFIRE: III. 1. New military deployment and oppression against Mon schools and activities; III. 2. Ceasefire agreement and discussion on education program; III. 3. Disagreement on ODA program and failure of building a high school; III. 4. The teaching of Mon language in government schools. IV. THE THREAT TO MON EDUCATION AND SCHOOLS IN 1996 AND 1997: IV. 1. Disturbance against Mon national schools; IV. 2. Prohibition of the teaching of Mon language in government schools. V. THE RECENT PROHIBITION OF MON NATIONAL EDUCATION: V. 1. The opening of Mon national schools; V. 2. Orders to close down Mon national schools; V. 3. The current situation of Mon schools and defiance from Mon community.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (116K) (No maps or photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 6/99 (June 1999)
Date of publication: 30 June 1999
Description/subject: Land confiscation by SPDC troops in connecting electric wires from gas-pipeline area to Ye; Forced labour in building Chaunghtitkwa- Kya Inn Seikyi motor road; Conscription of forced labour and Illegal tax collection in Paung Township; Forced labour and Illegal tax collection in Pa-an Township; The plights of rice cultivation farmers: The harassment against farmers in Mon State in taking 1998-99 yearly paddy tax - I. The Effects in 1998-99 Paddy Tax Collection in Mon State (Looting of Farmers' Belongings instead of Paddy, Cruel Treatment against the Farmers, The Corruption in Paddy Buying Centers).
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (62K), pdf (273K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF1999-06.pdf (original format with photos etc)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 7/2000 (July 2000)
Date of publication: 31 July 2000
Description/subject: Forced farmers to sign a contract to sell paddy to government; Fund collection for education facilities and student sports; Tax collection from rubber plantation owners in Mon State; Human rights violations and population displacement in Kya Inn Seikyi Township area, Karen State: I. The Background of Kya Inn Seikyi Township Area; II. SPDC Military Offensives in Late 1999 and 2000, and Human Rights Violations ((a) Killing, (b) Conscription of Forced Labour and Porters for Military Purposes, (c) Looting of Villagers' Properties); III. Population Displacement and Flux to Three Pagoda Pass Area
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (139K), PDF (432K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2000-07.pdf (original format with photos etc.)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 7/2001 (July 2001)
Date of publication: 31 July 2001
Description/subject: Civilians in area along Kanbauk-Myaingkalay gas pipeline are in trouble; Arbitrary killing of villagers by LIB No. 343 in Ye Township; Breach of rule of law and continuous forced labour in southern part of Burma,.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (118K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 7/2002 (July 2002)
Date of publication: 31 July 2002
Description/subject: News: 1) IB No. 62 soldiers killed 5 Mon villagers after raped a girl. 2) Torture a Mon man by LIB No. 343. 3) Teaching of Mon language is barred in a school in Ye Township. News in Brief: Violations against women and forced labour by members of the Burmese army. Report: Kanbauk-Myaingkalay Gas Pipeline and Negative Impacts to the Civilians. Commentary: No Surprise for SPDC's Sexual Violations against Women .
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: HTML (181K) (No maps or photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 7/2004 (July 2004)
Date of publication: 31 July 2004
Description/subject: Forced Relocation of 300 houses in northern part of Ye Township; SPDC’s War Against Ethnic Children’s Right to Education; Forced labour along Kanbauk-Myaingkalay Gas Pipeline; Constant threat against Mon National Education and Schools by SPDC in Southern Burma: I. Civilization of Mon people and the maintenance of the Mon language and literature; II. The initiative of Mon Education System; III. General Situation of Mon National Schools A. Curriculum in Mon National Schools; B. Teacher Recruitment and Upgrading Training; IV. Root cause of threat to Mon schools by the regime: Competition and weakness of government schools A. The entrance fee in government schools; B. Extra time fee and salary in government’s schools; V. Increase of Competition between Mon and Government Schools; VI. Oppression against Mon National Schools and activists in southern part of Ye Township; Case 1, Forced to stop teaching the Mon national schools January - April 2004; Case 2: New Burmese Army’s commander still tried to convert Mon schools under the regime control May 2004; Case 3: Another attempt to close down Mon schools in northern part of Ye Township, May 2004; Case 4: Establishment of government schools and creation of competition, July 2004; Case 5: Forced changing of Mon schools’ signboard to government’s schools, July 2004
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (717K)
Date of entry/update: 02 September 2006


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 7/2005 (July 2005)
Date of publication: 31 July 2005
Description/subject: A Mon Civil Society Leader was Arrested - Thanbyuzayat Township, Mon State; SPDC Finds Tactic to Block Openness; CATWALK TO THE BARRACKS Conscription of women for sexual slavery and other practices of sexual violence by troops of the Burmese military regime in Mon areas Report of Woman and Child Rights Project (Southern Burma) In collaboration with Human Rights Foundation of Monland (Burma) Press Release July 18, 2005 Systemic sexual violence on show in southern Burma...High Drop-out Rate in Government’s Schools and SPDC’s Oppression against Mon National Schools I. Burma’s Education in Less Progress; II. Drop-out Rate in High A. Statistics; B. High Educational Cost; C. ‘Heart Beating’ to Parents; D. The high entrance costs; III. Oppression against the Mon teachers, schools and education in 2005 A. Ceasefire Agreement and Discussion on Education Program; B. SPDC’s Attempts to Close Down Mon National Education CASE I Mon National Schools moved by SPDC, July 20, 2005; CASE II USDA10 against Mon Literature Protection; CASE III Close Down Mon National Schools in Ye Township; CASE IV Mon National School is not permitted for repairs.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (534K, 945K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs3/MF2005-07.pdf
Date of entry/update: 20 September 2006


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 7/2008 (July 2008)
Date of publication: 31 July 2008
Description/subject: News: (1) Villagers Forced to Guard at Night and Work by Day at Army Base... (2) At Least Nine Youths Arrested After Bomb Explosion in Telecom Office... (3) Army Orders Cutting Down of Rubber Plants Near Base..... Personal Accounts: (1) Voices From Forgotten Victims..... Commentary: Concern over NMSP Ceasefire..... Report: Forced Labour Use by Burmese Army in Mon State from Mid-2007 to May 2008: - I. Background Information...II. Continuous Use of Forced Labour in 2007 and 2008...III. Details in Forced Labour Use: A. Forced Labour in Bridge Construction along Motor Roads - Bridge Construction for Military Control; Forced Local Carpenters; Forced the Local Villagers, and Collection of Sand and Stone; Commandeering Trucks...B. Forced Labour for Army Business: Timber Collection and Making Bricks...C. Forced Labour in Castor Oil Plantation...D. Forcible Conscription of Security Guards (1) In Mudon Township ...E. Forced Recruitment Into Militia Force - Pa-an Township, Karen State...V. Conclusion/ Suggestions.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (392K)
Date of entry/update: 07 September 2008


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 7/2009 (July 2009)
Date of publication: 31 July 2009
Description/subject: News: (1) Frustrated by military abuses, young Mon men join the Mon insurgent group... (2) Corruption and arbitrary taxation on road repairs in Hangan... Commentary: Wait and See for ASEAN Human Rights Commission... Report: The Coming Crisis of Brigade No. 6: Analysis of the Current Abuses Committed Against the Karen Population -- Introduction...Background - Previous attacks and the fall of Brigade No.7...Brigade No. 6...Deployment: SPDC, DKBA, KPF...Brigade No. 6 is the goal...The prospective civilian crisis...Ongoing Human Rights Abuse in the area...Seizer of supplies - money and food...Map of village locations which can be affected by the armed clashes in the KNLA’s southern Dooplaya District [Brigade No. 6.]...Travel restriction...Forced recruitment...Forced Portering service...Perspective - Fears and opinions of local villagers on armed conflict.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (618MB)
Date of entry/update: 31 July 2009


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 7/98 (October 1998)
Date of publication: 31 October 1998
Description/subject: Arrest, Torturing, Cash Extortion from Village Headmen; Mon State PDC Collected Funds for Miserable Soldiers; SPDC Officials' Profit from Land Confiscation near Ye Town; The Political Oppression in Mon State: The Arrest in Mon State; The Recent Activities of MNDF and Mon Leaders; The Restriction and Discrimination against the Rights of Mon People; MNDF Role for the Mon People; SPDC's Allegation Against MNDF Leaders.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (64K) (No photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 7/99 (July 1999)
Date of publication: 31 July 1999
Description/subject: Arbitrary execution, forced relocation, forced labour and refugee flux in Mergui district area; Unusual tax collection in Mon State; New military battalion deployment and land confiscation in Ye Township; The plights of rice cultivation farmers: The harassment against farmers in Karen State and Tenasserim Division in Taking 1998-1999 yearly paddy tax: I. The Mon People in Karen State and Tenasserim Division; II. Forced Taking of Yearly Paddy Tax in Karen State - a. The Situation of Farmers in Kawkarein Township; b. The Situation of Farmers in Kya Inn Seikyi Township; c. The Situation of the Farmers in Pa-an Township Area; III. The Similar Harassment against Mon Farmers in Tenasserim Division - a. The Situation of Farmers in Yebyu township; b. Movement Restriction against Farmers in Yebyu Township Area.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (97K), pdf (490K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF1999-07.pdf (Original format with map, photos & Burmese facsimiles of SLORC Orders)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 8/2000 (August 2000)
Date of publication: 31 August 2000
Description/subject: LIB No. 343 asked civilians porters from Ye Township area; Tatmadaw IB No. 9 killed 12 villagers in Thaton Township; SPDC forced forming of militia forces in village tracts of Yebyu Township; Forced labour in Kyaikmayaw Township; Collective accounts of SPDC cash extortion in Mon State: I. Taxation in Mon State after NMSP-SPDC Ceasefire; II. Cash Extortion in Several Townships in Mon State - (a) Ye Township, (b) Thanbyuzayat Township, (c) Mudon Township, (d) Chaungzon Township, (e) Paung Township; III. Results after Hugh Cash Extortion.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: PDF (508K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2000-08.pdf (original format with full map details, photos etc.)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 8/2001 (August 2001)
Date of publication: 31 August 2001
Description/subject: Rape case against Mon women in Yebyu township; Conscription of forced porter by SPDC battalion before ILO visit; Military deployment and huge land confiscation in Ye Township, Mon State. [Tables of land consfiscated]
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (514K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 8/2002 (August 2002)
Date of publication: 31 August 2002
Description/subject: News: (1) A SPDC's LIB No. 343 Sergeant shot at villagers; (2) Basic military training to villagers for involvement in militia force. Report: (1) Gross human rights violations in Kya-inn-seikyi Township, Karen State.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: HTLM (150K) (No maps or photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 8/2004 (August 2004)
Date of publication: 31 August 2004
Description/subject: News: (1) The pressure to Mon National Schools intensified; (2) 8 New Mon State Party are arrested without a trial...Commentary: "Human Rights and Justice for Future Burma"... Report: (1) Continuous Conscription of Forced Labour in Mon Areas.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foiundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (306K)
Date of entry/update: 26 February 2005


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 8/2005 (August 2005)
Date of publication: 31 August 2005
Description/subject: Security Beefs Up in Mon State and Illegal Tax from Civilians; Criminal Responsibility for Human Rights Violations; Commander Interrupts in Judicial Power of the Courts; Terror Continues in Ye Township I. Background of Ye Township, Mon State; II. Recent Conflict and Offensives by the Burmese Army; III. Gross Human Rights Violation A. Killing or Summary Execution; B. Inhumane Torture; C. Rape or Sexual Violations against Women; D. Forced Labour and Porter Service I. Forced Porter Service; E. Movement Restriction I. Villagers’ farm work restricted in Ye Township.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (310K)
Date of entry/update: 20 September 2006


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 8/2008 (August 2008)
Date of publication: 31 August 2008
Description/subject: News: (1) Owners were Forced to Cut Rubber Plants; Fund Extortion and Move ment Restriction Con tinued in Mon State... (2) Residents forced to patrol their villages... (3) Villagers arrested on suspicion of rebel supporters..... Personal Accounts: (1) Meeting with group of young victims of torture..... Commentary: UN Envoys Move Wrong Path..... Report: Drugs problem in Burma and Drug Trafficking in Mon Areas - I. Burma: Well-known for Drug Production; II. Amphetamine uses increase in Mon State; III. Amphetamines Threats to Community and Flow to Thailand; IV. Drug Suppression in the Border Areas; V. Beyond the Border: Drug Addiction in Mon Migrant Communities; A story of Wan, from Kao Wao News; Growing Drug and HIV Problem; VI. Possible Involvement of SPDC Commanders in Drug Smuggling; A story of retired Burmese Army officers in drug trafficking; VII. Slow Action: UN’s Crop Substitute Program.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (289K)
Date of entry/update: 07 September 2008


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 8/2009 (August 2009)
Date of publication: 31 August 2009
Description/subject: News: (1) Forced militia training conducted in Ye Township; (2) Extortion and corruption over football match in Ye township; (3) Villagers forced to repair road in Tenasserim division... Commentary: Fracturing Ceasefires and Regional Security Threats... Report: “Our Village Will Not Last:” Analysis of Abuses Conducted Against Civilians in Mon State and Tennaserim Division:- INTRODUCTION; SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY; BACKGROUND; Arbitrary Taxation; Intentional Depopulation; Sexual Assault; Land and Property Seizure; Villager Agency; Conclusion.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (969K)
Date of entry/update: 08 September 2009


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 8/98 (November 1998)
Date of publication: 30 November 1998
Description/subject: SPDC Police Forced Local Paddy-husking Mills to Provide Rice; Land Confiscation for Army's Food Supplies; SPDC Troops' Atrocities against Karen Villagers: The offensives and Related Abuses; Killing and Torturing by LIB No. 230; Torturing and Rape by IB No. 62; Rebellion and Related Abuses against the Local Villagers by SPDC troops: Accusation of Rebel-supporters and Other Violations by SPDC in Ye Township; Killing and Torturing following the Allegation of Rebel-supporters; Mistreatment against the Local Village Leaders.... Personal Account: Interview with A Village Headman Who Was Tortured by SPDC Commander.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (86K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 8/99 (August 1999)
Date of publication: 31 August 1999
Description/subject: A Curfew by SPDC and Restriction against the civilians due to fear of 9-9-99 uprising; Flood in Kawkareik and Pa-an Townships area of Karen State; Land confiscation around Mon, Karen States and Tenasserim Division, and use of forced labour after SPDC set order for self-support in army: I. the Reason of Land Confiscation; II. Land Confiscation in Mon State and Conscription of Forced Labour (Land Confiscation in Kyaikmayaw Township; Land Confiscation in Ye Township; Land Confiscation in other Townships in Mon State; New Military Battalion Deployment and Land Confiscation); III. Land Confiscation and Forced Labour in Farming in Karen State; IV. The Dike Construction and Exploration of Farmlands in Yebyu Township area, Tenasserim Division; Some Articles in the 1954 Agricultural Land Nationalization Act.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (81K), pdf (457K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF1999-08.pdf (original formatting, with photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 9/2000 (September 2000)
Date of publication: 30 September 2000
Description/subject: Rape attempt to a Mon woman during the conscription of forced labour; Illegal tax payment in Pegu Township and poverty; SPDC'S conscription of forced labour and other abuses related to suspicion of rebel-supporters in Kya Inn Seikyi Township, Karen State: I. Gross Human Rights Abuses in Kya Inn Seikyi Township; II. Continuous Conscription of Forced Labour by IB No. 32; III. Conscription of Forced Labour by LIB No. 708; IV. Taxation by Army and Township Authorities; V. Cruel and Inhumane Treatments During SPDC'S Military Offensives.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (97K) PDF (444K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF2000-09.pdf (original format with photos etc.)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 9/2001 (September 2001)
Date of publication: 30 September 2001
Description/subject: SPDC's land confiscation for naval base in Kalargote island, Ye Township; Kya Inn Seikyi township authorities forcibly bought paddy from farmers; New military battalions collect fund in Ye Township; SPDC attempts to grip in power and cycle of corruption in southern part of Burma.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (123K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 9/2002 (September 2002)
Date of publication: 30 September 2002
Description/subject: News: Arrest of 40 hungry villagers after stealing of rice; Flooded Mon villages along the Gyaing river; Teaching of Mon language is barred. Report: SPDC and its supporters in deep cycle of corruption and fund collection
Language: English
Source/publisher: Houman Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (159K) (No maps or photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 9/2003 (September 2003))
Date of publication: 30 September 2003
Description/subject: Forced demand of building materials for Kanbauk- Myaingkalay gas pipeline; Demand of more trainees for military training in Mon State; The Plight of Civilians in Tenasserim Division Due to Armed Conflict and Militarization in the Area I. Continual Conflict in Tenasserim Division; II. Killing and Disappearance; III. Looting, and the related abuses in villages; IV. Forced Labor; V. Farmers’ Suffering; VI. Land Confiscation; VII. Militarization in Tenasserim Division; A. Long-lone Township: B. Tavoy Township: C. Yebyu Township; Training by LIB No. 282: Training by LIB No. 408 and LIB No. 109: VIII. Population displacement.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (236K)
Date of entry/update: 02 September 2006


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 9/2004 (September 2004)
Date of publication: 30 September 2004
Description/subject: News: (1) No compensation for the houses burnt by gas explosion...Commentary" SPDC tries to consolidate its power in ethnic areas... Report: (1) Gross Human Rights Violations in Ye Township, Southern Part of Mon State
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundatin of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (300K)
Date of entry/update: 26 February 2005


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 9/2005 (September 2005)
Date of publication: 30 September 2005
Description/subject: Terrible prison condition and death of a Mon political prisoner; Ethnic Nationalities are ready to solve the political problems; More restriction to the civilians’ movement; Human Rights Violations Effects to Civilians in Yebyu Township: I. Background of Yebyu Township, Tenasserim Division; II. How the effects by multinational investment; III. Armed conflict and Gross Human Rights Violations; VI. Gross Human rights violation A. Villagers forced to attend military training; B. Destruction and Burnt of Civilians’ Houses; C. Banning Mon Schools and Mon Education system; E. New Rule for Rubber Export; F. Forced Labour; Security for Yatana Gas Pipeline.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (559K)
Date of entry/update: 20 September 2006


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 9/2006 (September 2006)
Date of publication: 30 September 2006
Description/subject: Beggars increase in Mon State due to economic crisis; SPDC should uphold ethnic literature and culture rights; Local villagers tortured by Infantry Battalion No. 31; Land Confiscation for SPDC’s Army Fund In Mudon Township, Mon State Organized Land Confiscation: A serious threat to civilians in Mon State: Overview of the Relation: Land Confiscation and Army’s Self-reliance Program; Land Confiscation, Indigenous Rights and National and International Law; Land Confiscation and the NMSP; Cases of Land Confiscation: Land Confiscation by LIB No. 209; Land Confiscation by Artillery Regiment No. 318.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (1.1mb)
Date of entry/update: 19 October 2006


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 9/2008 (September 2008)
Date of publication: 30 September 2008
Description/subject: News: (1) Corruption enables illegal logging in Karen State... (2) Mon State authorities accepting bribes in exchange for motorbike licenses... (3) Landowners forced to donate to Cyclone... victims, worry about the funds’ destinations (4) Monasteries forced to bribe officials in ongoing attempt to control their land... (5) Junta plands to extend agricultural land... (6) Pirated CD's can be sold if authorities are bribed...... Commentary: (1) Another bloody month... (2) Broken communities: Just what the junta wants..... Report: Without a choice: Increased economic migration from Mon State to Thailand: I. Introduction...II. Economic factors contributing to increased economic migration: A. Country-wide economic deterioration; B. Poor employment conditions in Mon State...III. Abuses by army and township authorities contributing to increased economic migration: A. Travel restrictions; B. Punitive taxation; C. Forced labor; D. Land confiscation...IV. Conclusion.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (306K)
Date of entry/update: 25 October 2008


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 9/2009 (September 2009)
Date of publication: 30 September 2009
Description/subject: News: (1) Students pay excess maintenance fees in Ye Town; (2) DKBA soldiers beat and rob villagers in Thaton district; (3) 19-Year-Old Woman Raped and Murdered in Karen State; (4) LIB no. 273, forced resident to serve portering into their operation... Commentary: Peace Spirit in September 2007... Reports: (1) Burmese government action in advance of 2010 election... (2) Empty Rice Baskets: An Analysis of the Causes and Implications of the August 2009 Flooding in Mon State: Introduction; Background; Methodology; The Win-pha-non and Kataik dams; Dam flooding impacts; Rainfall Flooding; Rainfall Flooding Impacts; Burmese Government Abuse; Additional Burdens for Mon State’s Farmers Forcing Farmers to Guard the Gas Pipeline; Farmers Forced to Work on the Burmese Army’s Farms; Opinions; Conclusion.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (258K)
Date of entry/update: 03 October 2009


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 9/99 (September 1999)
Date of publication: 30 September 1999
Description/subject: Government's Agricultural Products Trade Department is busy in forcing farmers to give promise for selling paddy; Student numbers drop in government schools in Mon State due to more expenses; More security beefed up in Mon State due to fear of 9-9-99 uprising; Conscription of forced labour, looting of villagers' belongings and tax collection continues in Mon State and Tenasserim Division.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (82K) , pdf (546K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/MF1999-09.pdf (original formatting, with map, Burmese text and photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No.11/2002 (November 2002)
Date of publication: 30 November 2002
Description/subject: SPDC troops shot into a Mon village, villagers got serious injuries; Land confiscation in the southern part of Mudon Township; Forced Labour Related to Development Projects and State Investment in Lower Part of Burma.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (141K) (No maps or photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No.12/2002 (December 2002)
Date of publication: 31 December 2002
Description/subject: Torture against village headmen with suspicion of rebel supporters; Land confiscation for shrimp farms; Moulmein City's Farmers are forced to sell their paddy; Constant conscription of forced labour by members of Burmese Army: I. The continuous use of forced labour by Burmese Army... II. Porter Service for Burmese Army: Kyaikmayaw Township... III. Women and Children in Porter Service by Burmese Army...IV. Forced Labour in Works in Army "Self-reliance" Program...V. Forced Labour in Army Deployment... Commentary: Forced Labour that Affects the Livelihood of the People.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (92K) (no maps or photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No.4/2004 (April 2004)
Date of publication: 30 April 2004
Description/subject: Formation of Militia Force in the Conflict Zone of Southern Ye Township; Unceasingly Human Rights Violation Does Not Proceed for National Reconciliation; Personal Accounts: The Forgotten Mon Refugees; Migration for Survival: Understanding Migrant Workers from Burma; II. Reasons of Migration A. Unemployment and Low-wage in Burma; B. Violations of the Rights of Economics; IV. The Condition of Migrant Workers in Thailand; V. Conclusion on the Rights to Migrant Workers and Their Families.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (318K)
Date of entry/update: 02 September 2006


Title: "The Mon Forum" No.4/2008 (April 2008)
Date of publication: 30 April 2008
Description/subject: NEWS: (1) ‘Yes’ votes stuffed by poll station staff in Mon state (2) Bodies floating to Mon State (3) NMSP arrests smuggler with amphetamines (4) Seven residents arrested in Referendum Chaos (5) Pre-vote Under Control of Mon Ceasefire Group (6) Approximately 60 timber vehicles pay bribes and cross checkpoint (7) Burmese authorities cheat and threaten to get ‘Yes’ vote (8) Villagers forced to guard pipeline as referendum approaches... OPINION: The dilemma of 'No' and 'Yes' votes for Burmese people COMMENTARY: Manipulation in the People’s Referendum... REPORT: Referendum 2008; Burma’s Road to a False Democracy - SPDC announce 92.4% approval for the constitution...The Constitution...Referendum Campaign – Moving Further Away from Democracy...May 10th, 2008...Results...Conclusion
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (381K)
Date of entry/update: 23 May 2008


Title: "The Mon Forum" No.7/2003 (July 2003)
Date of publication: 31 July 2003
Description/subject: Women are forced to build embankments; The people in Mon State and Karen State found human rights defenders; Land Confiscation in Kawkareik Township, Karen State... The Plight of Farmers in Mon State:- I. Background of Mon State and the situation of the farmers: The Suffering of Farmers: 2002-2003 Paddy-buying period, flood and labour cost; Examples of farmers in Chaung-zone township; USDA involved in buying paddy; Conscription of Forced Labour to Farmers: Forced labour in road construction; Using the local farmers to guard the gas pipeline; Fored labour for Authorities or Army... Inhumane treatment to farmers: Case I: Serious abuse to an old farmer by a drunk local police member; Case II: A drunk Burmese Military Captain tortured on 2 local farmers... Restriction against farmers living in conflict areas...Farmers' Campaigns...Expecting the New Rice Trading Policy.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf 3(44K)
Date of entry/update: 09 July 2006


Title: "The Mon Forum" No.8/2003 (August 2003)
Date of publication: 31 August 2003
Description/subject: More displaced persons escaped from their native homes; Slavery to Militarization in Burma; More porters died stepping on land-mines; Militarization in Mon Area and the Suffering of the People: - I. Background of Militarization... II. Militarization after May 30 Killing Incident. Case I: Military Training School in Ye Township and Escapees; Case II: SPDC formed "People Vigorous Association" with their supporters; Case III: Government servants are forced to attend military training schools...III. Use of Trainees after Training: - The detail formation and the inclusion of the trainees are as below: 1. Anti-Strike Group; 2. People Defense Force; 3. People Vigorous Association; 4. Paramilitary Force...IV. The suffering of the civilians.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (354K)
Date of entry/update: 09 July 2006


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/2011 (January 2011)
Date of publication: 31 January 2011
Description/subject: News: Arbitrary taxation in Pa’an Township burdens phone operators to near breaking point... Commentary: HURFOM Welcomes the UN Commission of Inquiry on War Crimes in Burma... Report: LIKE BIRDS IN A CAGE: Impacts of continued conflict on civilian populations in Kyainnseikyi and Three Pagodas area: The Background of the local armed conflicts; Abuses of Power; Injuries and conflict induced violence; Portering and Human Shields; Hostage village; Miscommunication and beatings; Theft; Extortion; Travel Restrictions; Conclusion... SUMMARY: "While the sudden conflict that erupted on November 7th between the Burmese State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) and splinter Democratic Karen Buddhist Army (DKBA) forces drew much attention internationally, and concern from Burma’s ASEAN neighbors, the local impacts from the continuation and even expansion, of this conflict have garnered less attention.. For this months report the Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM) has documented the commission of crimes against humanity and assorted human rights abuses, on local ethnic residents between Kyainnseikyi Township, and Three Pagodas Pass Township, Karen State. In areas of continued fighting, civilians have suffered from direct exposure to violence, as bystanders to indiscriminate mortar, RPG, and small arms fire, use as forced porters, human shields, human land mine triggers, and physical abuse. Armed groups have also abused civilian communities through theft, extortion, and travel restrictions. Direct exposure to these threats undermines key methods of survival for local communities, who, though capable of addressing normal military presence, face greater threat to safety and live hood with enlarged and aggressive military presence. This uncommon level of disruption must be resolved for communities to ensure their safety and livelihood. Three HURFOM field reporters who conducted this field research recorded accounts from over thirty victims who have faced these abuses and hardships inflicted by ongoing armed conflict. In certain cases victims omitted personal information due to their security concerns. Additionally as this data was gathered in a live conflict zone, areas that were cut off ongoing action have not been visited. These accounts gathered by HURFOM field reporters give a clear sample of the abuses perpetrated in these areas and others not yet reached by field reporters, as further research efforts continue over the next months."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (278K)
Date of entry/update: 09 February 2011


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 1/2012 (January 2012)
Date of publication: January 2012
Description/subject: NEWS: Locals in Thanbyuzayat Township Continue to face Abuses of Land and Property Rights: Gov’t Battalion Burnt Down farming huts after Confiscating the Farms; Rubber Plantation owners wishing to get back the plantations after over one year confiscated; Plantation owners still charged with monthly allowances by the ARC No.315 for not to seize the plantations... Government’s Navy Units continue to violate rights of Locals in Yebyu Township... INTERVIEW: An Interview with a Released Mon Political Prisoner: Young Buddhist Monk Zaw Latt... REPORT: The Continuation of Human Rights Violations Despite Reforms: Summary; Bacvground; Government Troops Commit Forced Labor in Htan Ta BinTownship; Arbitrary Fee Collection Practiced by Government Troops in Htan Ta BinTownship; Female Villagers Also Face Forced Labor; Human Rights Abuses Continue to Happen in Kyainnseikyi Township - Villagers Forced to Serve as Porters and Human Shields; Local Villager Subjected to Inhumane Torture; Local Truck drivers Forced to Carry Army Supplies; Conclusion - "It is clear that although many people believe that President Thein Sein and his Administration have taken some steps of change, for those villagers in Htan Ta Bin and Kyainnseikyi townships the “change” is just a word as they are still experiencing human rights abuses at the hands of government troops, such as those documented in this report. The findings in this report show that civilians residing in the affected areas have become the victims of extortion and inhumane torture by government troops. In addition, they are forced to carry military supplies, to clean and cut the brush, and to clear landmines by walking ahead of the troops, besides providing their oxen-carts, motorbikes, and trucks for the use of carrying military supplies. Finally, they were demanded to provide a large amount of money for the government battalions’ New Year celebrations. Despite the establishment of a supposedly civilian-led government and the formation of the National Human Rights Commission, human rights abuses are still prevalent throughout the rural areas. Hence, it is a moral imperative for the new civilian government to move towards expansive democratic reforms, which contributes to all ethnic groups. And to establish political dialogues with all ethnic armed groups in order to end fighting and to bring about a stable peace. If the government continues to ignore the human rights situation throughout Burma, the people of Burma will continue to face and suffer human rights abuses in an environment of impunity."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (447K)
Date of entry/update: 20 March 2012


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 10/2010 (October 2010)
Date of publication: October 2010
Description/subject: News: (1) 1700 villagers join antielection protests in Karen; and Mon State (2) Expansion of militia and civilian strike groups at cost to villagers prior to election... Commentary: The New Civil War and Human Rights after Elections... Report: Waiting in Tears: Impacts of impending cement factory development in Kyaikmayaw Township:- Farms to Factory; Impact; Dirty Money; Essential for Life; Loss of Culture; Resistance; Conclusion..... Summary: Local communities in Kyaikmayaw Township, Mon State are facing the immanent threat of land seizer by local authorities, for the construction of a large scale cement factory and processing plant for the limestone from a nearby mountain. Nearly 600 acres of paddy land have already been surveyed for construction. The community, which is heavily dependent on the surrounding farmland passed on from generation to generation, has received no opportunity for input in the project, and only paltry warning of an impending “State” ordered seizer of its land. The project will have severe environmental impacts as it calls for the leveling of Ni Don mountain, the construction of a processing plant and factory, and construction of secondary infrastructure such as roads and a jetty into the nearby river. The company spearheading the cement plant construction is predominantly controlled by key members of the regime-backed political party the Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP). Profits form the completed cement factory will be used to finance the government-backed USDP. In addition, the mountain is home to significant sacred Buddhist sites, relics, and cave paintings and drawings, which will be lost as the mountain is destroyed.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (280K)
Date of entry/update: 03 December 2010


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 11/2010 (November 2010)
Date of publication: November 2010
Description/subject: News: (1) Thousands flee from Three Pagoda Pass Town, support and basic supplies a concern... Commentary: Welcoming the Release of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and Genuine National Reconciliation... Report: Sand on the meat: citizen voices on election intimidation, manipulation and loss: November 7 7:00 AM - Wattae village, Mudon Township, Mon State...7:45 AM - Kaw-Kha-Loe village, Mudon Township...8:00 AM - Kamawet village, Mudon Township...8:00 AM - Nyaung Gone village, Mudon Township...9:00 AM - Juin Pan, Wad Tal, Winn Dar villages, Mudon Township...10:00 AM - Wattae village, Mudon Township...11:00 AM - Kankalay, Kangyi, and Kyone Phite villages, Mudon Township...11:00 AM - Lamine sub-township, Ye Township, Mon State...2:00 PM - Mudon Township...2:00 PM - Mudoon village, Chaung Zone Township...2:30 PM - Kamawet village, Mudon Township...Between 1:00 and 3:00 PM - Thanpyuzayat town, Thanpyuzayat Township...Between 1:00 and 3:00 PM - Kyaik Paran village, Mudon Township...Between 1:00 and 3:00 PM - Kyone Phite village, Mudon Township...3:30 PM – Mudoon village, Chaung Zone Township...4:00 PM - Mudon Township...November 8th Kyaikmayaw Township...Kamawet village, Mudon Township...Conclusion....Map showing HURFOM documented election abuses in Mon State.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (289K)
Date of entry/update: 03 December 2010


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 12/2010 (December 2010)
Date of publication: 31 December 2010
Description/subject: News: (1) Route to TPP closed sending up commodity prices... Commentary: The Regime and The Companies in Collaboration in Land Confiscations... Report: ‘When I became desperate’: Opinions of residents during forced land acquisition in Kyaikmayaw Township: Introduction; October to November; November, Opening Demands; December 3rd to the 6th; December 6th; December 7th; December 8th; December 9th; December 22nd; Opportunity for change; Conclusion
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (456K)
Date of entry/update: 22 January 2011


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 2/2011 (February 2011)
Date of publication: 28 February 2011
Description/subject: Contents: News: (1) Authorities in Ye Township seize land ostensibly for community development; development remains absent... Commentary: Minority Rights in Ethnic States of Burma... Report: “Sitting on the fire”: forced labor demands during Kanbauk to Myaing Kalay Pipelien expansion:- Introduction; History of forced labor; Ongoing forced labor on the pipeline; Economic impacts; Conclusion ["Since 2000 the use of forced labor in the construction of the Kanbauk to Myaing Kalay gas pipeline has been a key catalyst in the commission of crimes against humanity by Burmese soldiers along the pipeline. Now, as construction has begun again in January 2011, residents around the pipeline, already battered by years of abuse and economic hardship, face continued forced labor demands by Burmese soldiers. Working without compensation or support, villagers must not only cover the cost of food, construction materials and tools, but also spend the day working in grueling labor conditions, along a notoriously dangerous pipeline, or in guarding pipes or pipeline that, if attacked or damaged, can lead to the torture, imprisonment or execution of the laborer by the supervising battalion. Denied the preferred opportunity to avoid labor demands by paying a fee, communities’ attempts to negotiate their own economic instability are slashed. Such changes in informal policy represent a step back for communities who build their local financial stability around improvised methods to best improve their financial stability. The use of forced labor in both southern and northern areas of the Kanbuak to Myaing Kalay pipeline reveals a continued ignorance or intentional disregard for the conventions of the ILO working to ban the use of forced labor by Burmese military forces. Though reporting on abuses like those documented here remains dangerous for residents and victims of labor ordered by military forces, the recent renewal of the ILO convention for the 2011 to 2012 year promises an opportunity in which the ILO may be able to assist communities in addressing these abuses. HURFOM hopes that communities and Burmese government forces are able to work effectively with the ILO this year to curtail the potential use of forced labor in projects in resource extraction, industrial development, and construction already in their nascent stages in southern Burma"]
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (316K)
Date of entry/update: 18 March 2011


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 2/2012 (April-May 2012)
Date of publication: May 2012
Description/subject: News: Young women leading community development projects; Torture and ill-treatment in Burma: Findings from the Human Rights Network report; Mon farmers to bring lawsuit against Zaykabar Company; Children at highest risk for malaria in Tavoy Township... Brief Report: Absent ruleoflaw and human rights abuses in Three Pagodas Pass border town... Analysis: Examination and Critique of the 2012 Farmland Bill [The title used the term "Bill" though this is clearly an alnalysis of the Act or Law]: Analyzing the Pyi Daung Su Hluttaw Law No.11, 2012;
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (675K)
Date of entry/update: 12 June 2012


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 3/2003, (March 2003)
Date of publication: 31 March 2003
Description/subject: News: (1) Farmers along Kanbauk-Myaingkalay Gas pipeline are in trouble; (2) The Government school building with the students' money... Special Report: Buddhist Mon Monks confronted Police on Human Rights Abuse in Mon State, Burma... Report: SPDC's Implementation of Assimilation Policy in Mon Areas: Decade-long Assimilation Policy in Burma; Banning of teaching Mon language; The oppression during the Mon National Day celebration; Banning of printing of Mon books and publications.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Forum of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (125K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 3/2011 (March 2011)
Date of publication: 31 March 2011
Description/subject: News: (1) Residents Forced to Construct Military Barracks for Border Guard Forces’ (BGF) troops in Myawaddy District, Karen State; (2) Young women and elderly forced to Porter in Kawkereik Township, injuries result; (3) No Longer Able to Provide Rice, the MRDC Contemplates Providing Money; (4) KPF Soldier Commits Suicide After Shooting a Civilian; (5) Post-Ceasefire Education Role Thrown into Question... Commentary: The New Government Must Respect Freedom... Report: “To Whom Do We Report?”: Land Seizure by MOGE for the Expansion and Straightening of the Kanbauk to Myaing Kalay Gas Pipeline:- Background; Interviews; Analysis & Conclusion
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (343K)
Date of entry/update: 18 April 2011


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 3/2012 (June-August 2012)
Date of publication: August 2012
Description/subject: News: - Local Residents Face Continuing Land Abuse In Kaw Thaung; - Forced relocation looms over 80 households in TPP [Three Pagodas Pass]; - Military, not security: Forced sentry duty in souther Ye Township; - Villagers forced to porter and labor for soldiers in Mon and Karen States; - DPW Analyzes Human Impact of Dawei Deep-Sea Port Project; - Locals plead: justice and accountability in torture case; - Extortion and restrictions still burden travellers on Ye – Tavoy highway; - Extortion causes villagers hardships - Insecurity continues to rise in Ye and Yebyu areas; - Local community wants state government to investigate corruption committed by village administration; - Armed ethnic groups sign Deed of Commitment to highlight dedication to children in armed conflict... Commentary: Government Must Address Land Confiscation for Peace and National Reconciliation... Report: Mon State communities troubled by growing Ya Ba usage among teens and students.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (870K)
Date of entry/update: 31 August 2012


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 5/2003 (May 2003)
Date of publication: 31 May 2003
Description/subject: Another land confiscation in Ye Township for artillery regiment; A child soldier refuses to return home as fear of killing; Population Displacement is Humanitarian Crisis in Burma - I. Background of armed conflict in Burma; II. Burmese Army’s military strategies against the ethnic armed oppositions: (1) Forced relocation; (2) Movement Restriction; (3) Confiscation or Devastation of crops; (4) Burning down the villages... III. The number of IDPs... IV. Population Displacement in Mon Territory in Year 2002: Kya-inn-seikyi Township; Ye Township and Yebyu Township... V. Related Food-shortage problems... VI. Conclusion and Recommendations.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (98K)
Date of entry/update: 15 July 2003


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 7/2010 (July 2010)
Date of publication: 31 July 2010
Description/subject: News: (1) VPDC chairmen reluctant to collect student distinction taxes; (2) Mon party’s campaign dogged by government surveillance... Commentary: Ceasefire Concern, Security tightened in Gas Pipeline Areas... Report: “They think we are not human”: Strategic abuses threaten local economy:- Summary This month the Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM) documents the perpetuation of human rights violations by the State Peace and Development Council’s (SPDC’s) army units that are reminiscent of the previous anti-insurgent ‘4-cuts’ policy. Despite the supposed discontinuation of these systematized abuses, research clearly indicates that these violations are continually put in use to target ethnic groups located in the southern part of Mon State and northern part of Tenasserin Division. Starting in early May 2010 for over a two and a half month period, the four SPDC battalions LIB No. 282, No. 273, No. 299, IB No. 31, ordered travel restrictions against villages in northern Tenaserim Division and Southern Mon state on four separate occasions. In addition, HURFOM has confirmed that in four cases SPDC forces also defined restricted boundaries outside of villages in which villagers had to relocate their homes. Governmental army units have conducted a campaign of travel restrictions, arbitrary taxation, forced labor and forced relocation. These human rights violations threaten the local economy, security and livelihood of the residents in a specific attempt to suppress the influence and capacity of local insurgent armed groups based in the area. The consequences of these targeted violations are that villagers and owners of farms, plantations, and orchards have been deliberately undermined and had their financial stability disrupted, subsequently leaving famers and plantation owners financially crippled, and at times forced to move to more stable regions of Mon State...Background...Methodology...Targeted Abuses: Travel restrictions and work impact...Theft of crops from perennial plantations and fruit orchards...Forced Labor...Forced Relocation...Conclusion
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (1.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 04 August 2010


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 8/2006 (August 2006)
Date of publication: 31 August 2006
Description/subject: Forced cultivation of castor-oil plants in Mon State; Burma’s ‘Serious Intentions’ Towards Political Reform; Land Confiscation in Ye township, Mon State; Local inhabitants including women and children were forced to guard Gas Pipeline; Health Crisis for ‘Internally Displaced Persons’ and Civilians in Mon Territory; Health Care and the SPDC; The Current Health Situation in the Ceasefire areas; Civil War and NMSP Peace Agreements; Human Rights Violations and IDPs in Mon Ceasefire Areas; How People Get Health Care without MSF; Livelihood In The Ceasefire Areas; Background to Health Care in the Different Areas of Mon State; Health Care and Education; Burmese battalion using civilians’ farm lands for army’s business.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (460K)
Date of entry/update: 20 September 2006


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 8/2010 (August 2010)
Date of publication: 31 August 2010
Description/subject: News: (1) SPDC soldiers arbitrarily shoot villager and boy... Commentary: USDP’s manipulations to win in elections... Report: Watering the Poison-Tree: The ongoing systemic erosion of democratic process: Background on Manipulation of Election Structure; Independent Parties; Civilian Observations of Abuses; USDP and NUP Election Abuses: Opening office and recruiting, Privileges granted for current members, Intimidation; Conclusion
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (1MB)
Date of entry/update: 05 October 2010


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 9/2010 (September 2010)
Date of publication: 30 September 2010
Description/subject: News: (1) Ye Township Immigration Department inflates ID costs; (2) Local SPDC police captain orders forced labor for police station construction in southern Ye Township; (3) Mon monk sentenced to 15 years in Insein Prison... Commentary: Who will be responsible for past human rights violations?... Report: 35 Days Till Election: how state resources and area restrictions impact ethnic votes in Mon and Karen States: Background; Election Abuses; Manipulation – Family Lists and ID Cards; Coercion - Bribery; Coercion – Threats, Force, and Use of State Employees; Election Restricted Village Tracts; Personal Resistance; Opinions; Conclusion
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (297K)
Date of entry/update: 06 October 2010


Title: "The Mon Forum" No. 9/2011 (September 2011)
Date of publication: September 2011
Description/subject: News: Serving as Human Shield, Ta Dein Villager Loses his Leg... Commentary: Welcome Myanmar Human Rights Commission and Release of Political Prisoners, but More Progresses are Demanded... Report: Flood, Insect Attacks, and The Hardest Time for Farmers in Lower Burma: SummaryRice is the staple food of Burma and an essential part of Mon agriculture. It is what feeds the majority of people in Lower Burma and is one of Mon State’s primary exports. But this year rice is in short supply due to a treacherous trinity of problems that have attacked Mon farmers from all sides. First, unusually heavy and continuous rains since late May have inundated fields and by the end of August, many fields are still flooded. Some farmers, such as Nai Both in Sein Taung Ward, Ka-mar-wet village, estimate they have lost over half of their rice crop to flooding. In past years, farmers could re-cultivate their paddies after a flood. But as this year’s flooding has persisted unusually long, some farmers say there is neither time nor enough resources to re-cultivate. Making matters worse, a state-owned dam, the Win Pa-noon dam, is at full capacity. Needing repairs and on the verge of collapse, officials have opened the sluice gates, releasing water into farmers’ fields. Farmers say the dam is the biggest obstacle in reducing the water levels. Second, an invasion of snails has complicated efforts to maintain remaining rice plants and hampered those trying to re-cultivate. A zoologist who spoke with HURFOM said these snails, known as golden apple snails, are part of a species that is new to the region. They feed on the rice plants and lay thousands of eggs. Due to their rapid rate of reproduction, they can quickly overtake a rice field. Third, farm rats have taken shelter in the fields that were least damaged by floods. In doing so, they built underground nests from which an increasing number of rats emerge to eat the panicles. Farmers, former officials, and experts, have predicted that this year’s production of rice will not meet the needs of Mon State. Meanwhile, the government has yet to officially acknowledge there is even a problem. Some of the interviewees in this report opined that the government is not in the business of telling the truth, and officials have habitually reported false numbers to higher-ups in a chain of continuing false information. At the local level, for their part, authorities have forced beleaguered farmers to pay taxes for repairs to the Win Pa-noon dam and work in projects having similar characteristics as Loh Ah-Pay. But ill-equipped and under-supported, the farmers struggle to remove and kill all the snails and rats. In some cases, farmers have been forced to re-cultivate certain paddies owned by the government at their own expense.; Methodology; A background of paddy rice cultivation and current problems; Farmers Struggle to Stay Afloat Amid Severe Flooding in Lower Burma; No chance to re-cultivate the paddies in time; Paddy Rice Damaged by Snails and Farm Rats; Local Farmers Forced to Pick up Snails; Background of The Golden Apple Snails; Widespread Damage Caused by Rats After the Flooding; Local Farmers Forced to Re-Till Paddy Fields; Conclusion
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (385K)
Date of entry/update: 31 October 2011


Title: "The Mon Forum" No.1/2013 (Nov 2012-Jan 2013)
Date of publication: January 2013
Description/subject: NEWS: -Local people concerned about gas pipeline renovation... -Villagers slowly return to former communities in search of confiscated land... -Four cases of “pink card” bribery... -Plantations in Min Tar seized a second time..... Commentary: -Investment law and people’s rights in Burma..... Report: -"Infrastructure projects signal reform and reservations on the border": "In the past few months, two remarkable infrastructure projects have been planned for the areas extending north and west of Three Pagodas Pass on the Thai-Burmese border. The first entails rejuvenating a road that connects the border town to Kyainnseikyi, 53 miles to the north. The second project is part of a high-profile proposal to reconstruct a 60- mile section of the “Death Railway,” a World War II era rail line stretching 170 miles from Thanbyuzayat in Burma to Ratchaburi Province, Thailand..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (892K)
Date of entry/update: 05 February 2013


Title: "The Mon Forum" No.4/2011 (April 2011)
Date of publication: 30 April 2011
Description/subject: News: (1) Gas Pipeline and Railway Security Troops Unintentionally Shoot Local Residents Free From Culpability... Commentary: Release of Political Prisoners Can Move Forward ‘National Reconciliation’... Report: A Year Later, Villagers Still Displaced Unable to Return Home in Ye and Yebyu Township:- Summary: "In April 2010, the New Mon State Party (NMSP) refused the Burmese government’s request for the NMSP to transform into part of the Border Guard Force (BGF), in which it would essentially provide security for the Burmese government. Tensions between both sides rose because of the NMSP’s rejection and the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC – the former Burmese military government) began a recruitment project in local villages, forcing villagers to serve as militiamen and committing a variety of human rights abuses. During that period, HURFOM conducted interviews with local residents who fled their homes to Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) sites, and documented the commission of crimes against humanity and assorted human rights abuses, on those IDPs, who lived in Ye Township, Mon State, and Ye Pyu Township, Tenasserim Division. Villages that faced militia recruitment during this period were Alaesakhan village, Hlar-chaung-pyar village, and Ta-nee Tha-kyar village in Ye Pyu Township, and Ma-kyi village, in Ye Township. Villagers in these areas were confronted with execution, extortion, torture, and forced relocation by the Burmese Army [at that time, the SPDC], accused of supporting rebel groups, and used as human shields leading the Burmese army [SPDC]. Consequently, many of these villagers, along with their entire families, were forced to flee their homes, leaving their orchards and other properties behind"; Background; Torture, Execution, Forced Labor and Extortion; Travel Restrictions and Impacts on Incomes; Livelihoods at the IDP Sites; Nai Htay Win:; Forced Labor; Conclusion
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (256K)
Date of entry/update: 24 May 2011


Title: "The Mon Forum" No.5/2011 (May 2011)
Date of publication: May 2011
Description/subject: News: Large Sums Extorted from Residents by Local Authorities for the Water Festival in Kawkareik Township... Commentary: Peace-building and the solving of Human Rights Problems... Report: “They will burn the village until it turns to ash”: Gross human rights violations committed by LIB Nos. 562 and 563 in Kawkareik Township, Karen State: On the morning of January 13, 2011, the Burmese Army’s Light Infantry Battalions (LIB) No. 562 and 563 entered Dauk Phalan village in Kawkareik Township, Karen State. Unbeknownst to the LIB troops, Karen National Union1(KNU)’s Brigade 6, battalion No.18, was present in the village. Coming upon each other, both sides opened fire. During the fighting, sections of the LIB battalions scavenged the village for residents they believed to be linked with the KNU. LIB troops then conducted arbitrary arrests of accused rebel supporters, inflicted physical punishment upon villagers, forcibly took villagers to work as porters, and destroyed the properties and livelihoods of villagers in order to insure armed ethnic groups were unable to survive in those areas...Torture; Execution; Extortion; Property Destruction; Conclusion
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (210K)
Date of entry/update: 21 June 2011


Title: "The Mon Forum" No.8/2011 (August 2011)
Date of publication: 11 August 2011
Description/subject: News: Human rights abuses are still being committed in the area of land confiscation: Villages at deep sea project prepare for relocation; Personal Accounts (2 cases)... Commentary: Creating the conditions. for successful peace talks... Report: Biting the hand that feeds - Armed extortion in Karen State: Summary" "From late June to mid-July 2011, HURFOM field reporters gathered human rights violation cases through conducting interviews with native residents of the villages under the administration of Kyon-doo Township, Kawkareik Township, and Kyarinnseikkyi Township. These villages include those that are located in western and southern Kawkareik Township, and some in the southern part of Kyarinnseikkyi Township, Karen State. Of native residents interviewed, 95% of them reported that they are being arbitrarily taxed by multiple armed groups. They experience immense hardship from trying to make a living while supporting all these groups, and they fear the prospect of having to maintain this arrangement long-term. The remaining 5 % of those interviewed reported that they are continuously being threatened, unfairly oppressed, and used as porters and human shields. This report concerns local villagers in the aforementioned areas, 98% of which are Karen nationals and 2% are Mon and Burmese nationals. These local residents heavily depend on the income from their farms and orchards for their livelihoods while some, residing along the rivers and streams, work as fishermen for a living. HURFOM has documented war crimes from ongoing war and armed conflicts happening in the following targeted areas: Karen State, Mon State, and Tenissarim Division. These are the areas where the government troops and Karen armed groups were active and engaged in fighting during HURFOM’s information-gathering over a one month period. It’s similar to the previous report about the breakout of fighting between government troops and a Karen armed group, which affected the lives of civilians where the conflicts took place. It also revealed that both sides, the government troops and the Karen armed group, harmed local residents by demanding military supplies, supporting fees, food supplies, and anything else their armies needed..." Methodology; Armed conflict in the Karen areas; Extortion and arbitrary taxation by breakaway DKBA armed forces; Local businessmen forced to pay armed groups of both sides; Fleeing armed conflict and forced relocation; Conclusion.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (242K)
Date of entry/update: 12 September 2011


Title: Breach of Rule of Law and Continuous Forced Labour in Southern Part of Burma
Date of publication: 30 August 2001
Description/subject: Contents: I. ILOs Actions on Burma; II. Breach of rule of law in Burma; III. SPDCs attempts to misinform about the cases of forced labour; IV. Requisition of forced labour in recent months: A. Forced labour for porter service, B. Forced labour in battalions works, C. Forced labour in new military deployment, D. Forced labour for development projects, E. Forced labour for security purposes... V. Recommendations... VI. ANNEX (included by OBL for Internet version): SPDC Order Supplementing Order No. 1/99.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (117K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: HURFOM Human Rights Interviews No. 1/95 (March 1995)
Date of publication: March 1995
Description/subject: Human Rights Interviews 1/95: "In October of 1994, the SLORC (the Burma's military regime State Law and Order Restoration Council) restarted the well known Ye-Tavoy death railway in southern part of Burma, which connects the Mon State and Tenasserim Division. When the SLORC started the railway construction last dry season 1993, many local inhabitants were conscripted as slave labours in this construction and since then many villagers were displaced in east of Ye-Tavoy motorway (See: location) by escaping the conscription of the military..." forced labour; food shortages, deprivation of food; Official order permitting confiscation of rice; torture; extortion; confiscation of rice and animals; forced portering; death due to ill-treatment and lack of health care on forced labour site for construction of military camps; use of child as human shield; Light Infantry Battalions (LIB) 406, 408, 410.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (50K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: HURFOM Human Rights Publication No. 2/95 (May 1995)
Date of publication: 07 May 1995
Description/subject: Human Rights Interviews on Forced Relocation of Ah Mae Village: "Since the SLORC had planned to construct the gas pipeline through the Mon and Karen rebel active areas, the SLORC has routinely and systematically tried to relocate local villages which were believed as the bases of the rebels. This happened in March and April. Ah Mae village of Yebyu township in the Tenasserim village was a village which was totally destroyed or relocated by SLORC during the second and third weeks of April. About 130 families of the inhabitants of Ah Mae village are Mon people and mostly they are local farmers...On April 16, about 10 families of Ah Mae village had arrived to Payaw Mon refugee camp and sought refuge for their safety and survival. Another about 15 families arrived again at the end of April..." forced portering on Ye-Tavoy railway construction; arbitrary taxation; confiscation of food; food shortage/deprivation; torture; forced relocation, forced migratoin; internal displacement (IDPs); forced portering of elderly man; looting....LIB 404, 408, 410.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Huamn Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (56K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: HURFOM Human Rights Publication No. 3/95 (May 1995)
Date of publication: 15 May 1995
Description/subject: Brief Human Rights Abuses in Mon Territory: 1. Human Rights Abuses in Thaton District; Human Rights Abuses in Moulmein District; Human Rights Abuses in Tavoy District...torture; displacement of village people (IDPs); military operations; looting; detention; forced portering; shooting of villagers; arbitrary taxation; extortion; interrogation by torture; forcible disrobing of an abbot; forced relocation of villages; refugees to Halockhani; military offensive against the Karen National Union; confiscation of rice; accusations of supporting Mon rebels; arrest and torture of village leaders; land confiscation; "In February, after the SLORC signed a gas exploitation agreement with foreign oil companies UNOCAL (USA) and TOTAL (France), the SLORC have tried to relocate many local Mon villages which were possible for Mon troops to take bases and attack the gas drilling areas and gas pipeline route areas." Infantry Battalion (IB) 31, 62, Battalion 207, 208, 209; Light INfantry Battalion (LIB) 406.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (34K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: HURFOM Human Rights Publication No. 4/95 (May 1995)
Date of publication: 22 May 1995
Description/subject: Human Rights Interviews with New Arrivals in Halockhani Refugee Camp: forced recruitment in to Burmese army; torture, ill-treatment; forced portering; burning down of villages; internal displacement IDPs; looting; persecution by SLORC troops; Tavoy, Moulmein and Thaton; SLORC attack and burning of Halockhani camp; refugee flight into Thailand; refugees forced back (refoulement, forced repatriation) by Thai forces in 1994; "After the SLORC took power in Burma in 1988, the Thai Government had established business relationship with SLORC to exploit natural resources from Mon and Karen territory. The Thai government had planned for buying natural gas from Burma's western offshore parts of Mon territory and construction darns in Karen territory..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (53K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No. 1/96 (April 1996)
Date of publication: 15 April 1996
Description/subject: Forced Labour in Ye-Tavoy Railway Construction: Background of Ye-Tavoy Railway Construction; Forced Labour for New Selected Railway Route; Forced Labour In Yebyu-Kalein Aung Section; Work Duty and Appalling Consequence in Worksites; Translations of SLORC orders for forced labourers; Interviews recounting: economic difficulties due to forced labour; land confiscation; inhumane conditions on work sites; lack of health care on the construction sites; destruction of local communities and population dislocation; extortionate and arbitrary taxation;
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (69K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No. 2/96 (May 1996)
Date of publication: 20 May 1996
Description/subject: The Exploitation of Woman and Child labour in Ye-Tavoy Railway Construction: The Reason of conscription of woman and child labour; Terrible situations of women and children in worksites; Interviews.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (85K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No. 3/96 (June 1996)
Date of publication: 30 June 1996
Description/subject: Sex Discrimination Against Refugee Women by SLORC troops: Brief Information of Mon Refugees along the Thai-Burma Border; Population Movement in Dry Season; Incident of Sex Discrimination; Interviews (with description of the rapes); map.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (38K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No. 4/96 (August 1996)
Date of publication: 15 August 1996
Description/subject: The Suppression on Karen Villagers with Allegation of [being] Rebel-supporters: The Tactics for Ceasefire Agreement; The human rights violation on Karen villagers in Yebyu Township; Interviews; map.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (92K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No. 5/95 (July 1995)
Date of publication: 27 July 1995
Description/subject: SLORC's destruction of Kyauktayan Village: Background of destruction of Kyauktayan village; forced relocation, detention, arrest of village headmen, looting, economic oppression, forced labour, gas pipeline, food shortage, deprivation of food, internal displacement, IDPs, malnutrition, forced portering for front line and other military operations, complicity of French company Total, arbitrary and ruinous taxation, Light Infantry Battalion (LIB) No. 401-410, No. 343; Infantry Battalion (IB) No. 61, No. 25; LIB 470's execution of innocent villager; impunity of soldiers who killed villagers; torture;
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (75K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No. 5/97 (November 1997)
Date of publication: November 1997
Description/subject: Report One - The Prachuab Mon Refugees: Nowhere to Run: Unsafe Situation and Spontaneous Repatriation; Abuses after Repatriation; No Welcome Situation inside Thai Territory; The Last Incident: The Repatriation to Halockhani Camp... Report Two - The Forced Labour and Arbitrary Execution in Mergui District: The Offensives and Accompanying Abuses by SLORC; Constant Conscription of Forced Labour; Arbitrary Execution.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (76K) (No maps or photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No. 6/95 (August 1995)
Date of publication: 16 August 1995
Description/subject: Population Displacement in Tavoy District: Effects of Railway and Gas pipeline Constructions; Corruption related to construction; Interviews recounting: killings, including of children; rape; forced labour; destruction of local communities; tax and rice extortion; torture of elders; economic oppression resulting in food shortages and death of children; abandonment of villages; corruption; torture, including of women and village headmen; looting; brutal treatment of porters, including women; displacement/forced migration.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (103K) No maps or photos
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No.1/97 (May 1997)
Date of publication: May 1997
Description/subject: Report One - The Forced Purchasing of Paddy in Mon State: The Set Amount of Paddy and Related Abuses by Government; SLORC Set Order in Forced Purchasing of Paddy from Farmers; The list of the amount of paddy, 1996-1997 paddy purchasing season Mudon Township, Mon State (The respective paddy purchasing center and the villages)... Report Two - Golden Jubilee Mon National Day was Prohibited and other Oppression against Mon Literature and Culture: The Prohibition of Mon National Day; Other Oppression against the Mon Literature and Culture.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (82K) (No maps or photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No.10/96 (March 1997)
Date of publication: March 1997
Description/subject: SLORC's Systematic Suppression of the Mon Education System: Background of Mon Education System; Ceasefire Agreement and the Existed Problems; Disagreement on ODA Program; Suppression and Abuses Related to Mon Education System; INterviews.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (90K) (No maps or photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No.2/97 (June, 1997)
Date of publication: June 1997
Description/subject: Report One - The Massive Arrest of Porters in Southern Part of Burma: The incidents, Killings and Gathering of Portering Fees and Ransom; The Set Order; The List of the Military Operational Servants to be Sent from Ye Southern Parts Quarters and Villages... Report Two - Forced Relocation in Gas-Pipeline Area: The Incident of Forced Relocation.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (51K) (No maps or photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No.3/97 (June 1997)
Date of publication: June 1997
Description/subject: Report One - SLORC Troops intruded into a Mon Refugee Camp, Halockhani: The SLORC's Intrusion into the camp; Background of Halockhani camp... Report Two - The Dry Season Offensives and Population Displacement: Gross Human Rights Abuses and the Population Displacement.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (46K) (No maps or photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No.4/97 (September 1997)
Date of publication: September 1997
Description/subject: Conscription of Forced Labour by the SLORC in Mon Areas Development Projects - Introduction of road construction in Mon areas; Appalling condition in the work-site and Mistreatment by the military... Report One - Ye-Tavoy Railway Construction: Long-term conscription of forced labour and the situation in 1997; The role of soldiers in the construction... Report Two - Ye-Magyi Truck Road... Report Three - Kya-lnn-Seikyi-Taungbauk Truck Road.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (79K) (No maps or photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No.5/96 (August 1996)
Date of publication: 25 August 1996
Description/subject: Spontaneous Repatriation and Uncertain Future of Mon Refugees: Background of Mon Refugees; Recent Development before Repatriation; NMSP and MNRC Arrangement for Repatriation; Human Rights Situation and Spontaneous Repatriation; Interviews; MNRC Statement Calls upon International Monitoring in Repatriation - statement of the mon national relief committee regarding the repatriation program of mon refugees; MNRC Letter to Bangkok Based UNHCR; NMSP President Letter to Bangkok Based UNHCR; Photos.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (94K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No.6/96 (September 1996)
Date of publication: 15 September 1996
Description/subject: Forced Portering after NMSP-SLORC Ceasefire Agreement: The Aggressive Behaviour of tatmadaw Recruitment of Porters; Unreliable NMSP-SLORC Ceasefire Agreement; Appalling Situation of Porters and Conscription of Minors into Forced Porters; Interviews; Official SLORCs Form for Portering Fee; SLORCs Order: Conscription of Forced Porters.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (73K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No.7/96 (November 1996)
Date of publication: 24 November 1996
Description/subject: Human Rights Abuses Related to Total Co and UNOCAL's Gas Pipeline Project: Limited Role of Company, in Implementing the Overall Project; Relative Tax Collection on Villagers and Destruction of Community Practices; Execution the Local Karen Villagers Related to Project; Total Co.'s Development Activities; Location Map of Gas-Pipeline Project; Orders of SLORC's local battalion, conscription of forced labour and material collection for the army that guarding the pipeline project; Photos in the project area.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (99K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No.8/96 (December 1996)
Date of publication: 05 December 1996
Description/subject: The Forced Relocation in the Southern Part of Burma and Accompanying Human Rights Abuses: The Recent Political Development in Tenasserim Division; Forced Relocation Program of SLORC; Accompanying Human Rights Abuses with Forced Relocation; Location map of SLORC's forced relocation.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (103K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: HURFOM Human Rights Report No.9/96 (February, 1997)
Date of publication: February 1997
Description/subject: Conscription of Forced Labour in Three Pagoda Pass-Thanbyuzayat Motor Road Construction: Focus of This Report; Development of Construction Plan; Plan Related Conscription of Forced Labour; The Appalling Consequences in Construction Site; Other Human Rights Abuses
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html (84K) (No maps or photos)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003