|Title:|| ||Yangon’s Development Challenges
|Date of publication:|| ||March 2012|
"Yangon is an attractive and relatively livable city that is on the brink of dramatic change. If the government of Myanmar continues its recent program of economic and political reform, the economy of the country is likely to take off, and much of the growth will be concentrated in Yangon, Myanmar’s largest city and commercial capital. This paper argues that Yangon is poorly prepared to cope with the pressures of growth because it has only begun to develop a comprehensive land use and development plan for the city that would guide the location of key activities including export-oriented industries and port terminals. In addition, the city lacks the financial resources to finance the infrastructure and other public services required to serve the existing population, let alone support a population that is larger and better off. Failure to address these challenges will not only make Yangon a less livable city but will also reduce the rate of economic growth for the entire country. Myanmar needs a dynamic and vibrant Yangon to thrive."..."...In sum, Yangon and Myanmar appear to be on the verge of explosive growth, making up for decades of stagnation or decline. Yangon is almost certain to become a key engine in the nation’s economic growth as Myanmar’s largest city, commercial capital, most important port and tourist destination, and most logical site for export-oriented manufacturing. But how well Yangon fulfills these roles depends on how well the city is managed. Yangon’s slow growth in the past had a hidden benefit in that it preserved many assets—greenery, parks and open spaces and historic buildings—that other Asian cities lost. As a result, Yangon has an opportunity to avoid becoming another sprawling, polluted and highly congested Asian megacity and grow instead into a greener and more livable metropolis. But it will do so only if it prepares a plan before development threatens to overwhelm it. And the plan will succeed only if it is based on thoughtful and realistic analyses of issues like the location of special economic zones and ports and the provision of affordable housing and quality infrastructure."|
|Author/creator:|| ||José A. Gómez-Ibáñez, Derek Bok, Nguyễn Xuân Thành|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Ash Center, for Democratic Governance and Innovation, Harvard University|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (452K)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||08 July 2012|
|Title:|| ||A Tale of Two Seaports
|Date of publication:|| ||01 May 2008|
|Description/subject:|| ||Danang and Moulmein reveal one country on the path to economic prosperity while the other is paralyzed by fear of the outside world...
"Danang's seaport is destined to become a major transportation link to export products and commodities from Southeast Asia.
THROUGH the window of the airplane, I saw Danang below, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam’s third major economic zone after Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City. After two decades of Doi Moi, or reform, the city is experiencing an economic boom based on a market-oriented economic policy that is rapidly integrating Vietnam into the international community.
Economic prosperity has already come to Danang, the easternmost link of the East-West Economic Corridor (EWEC) transportation project initiated at the Eighth Ministerial Conference of the Greater Mekong Sub-region in 1998.
The plan was to build a regional highway running from Danang on the South China Sea through Laos and Thailand to the port of Moulmein, the capital of Burma’s Mon State on the Gulf of Martaban.
There’s no denying that Danang and Moulmein share grand ocean vistas, but other comparisons are hard to find.
Danang is a boomtown, the beneficiary of a Communist government’s policy that recognizes the need to integrate the country’s economy into the world community.
Danang is buzzing with economic activity and street life. Billboards advertise electronic products from Japan and South Korea. Motorcycles jam the downtown area. Tourism is a major part of the life of the city, and I saw tourists everywhere exchanging their local currency for Vietnamese dong at the ATM machines of state-owned and private banks.
Residents boast of foreign investment pouring in from the rest of Southeast Asia, South Korea and the United States. Effectively linked with the Greater Mekong Sub-region to the west, Danang is emerging as a trade and investment center. Tiny, landlocked Laos is starting to transport goods overland to Danang to export products to distant countries, as envisioned by the East-West trade corridor.
At nightfall, I explored more of the city’s street life. It was lit up with pulsating neon signs and bright street lights, creating a festive glow that continued well into the early morning hours. Even in this Communist country, the people seemed relatively free from worry with only a few policemen walking the streets.
By comparison, Moulmein, 1,500 kilometers to the west, remains a sleepy port city locked in the past—a victim of a military government that lives in fear of opening Burma up to the economic life of the world community..."|
|Author/creator:|| ||Htet Aung|
|Source/publisher:|| ||"The Irrawaddy" Vol. 16, No. 5|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||01 May 2008|
|Title:|| ||Promoting Efficient and Competitive Intra-ASEAN Shipping Services - Myanmar Country Report
|Date of publication:|| ||March 2005|
|Description/subject:|| ||This 7-page report prepared by Meyrick and Associates, an Australian consulting firm specializing in the transportation sector, contains a number of Tables which provide valuable information about facilities at the Port of Yangon and the country’s largest shipping company, the state-owned Myanmar Five Star Line. Future port developments are also commented on briefly.|
|Author/creator:|| ||PDP Australia Pty Ltd/Meyrick and Associates|
|Source/publisher:|| ||ASEAN Secretariat|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (50 kb)|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://www.aseansec.org/AADCP-REPSF-Project/Myanmar.pdf|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||24 August 2005|