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BurmaNet News: November 14, 2001 (r)

______________ THE BURMANET NEWS ______________
        An on-line newspaper covering Burma 
          November 14, 2001   Issue # 1919
______________ www.burmanet.org _______________

*AFP: Myanmar says forced labour probe a "delicate and subtle" issue 
*Bangkok Post:  Burma gets tough with graft
*Shan Herald Agency for News: First batch of the season arrives:  Wa 

MONEY _______
*AP: Thailand, Myanmar to join forces to boost rice price 
*DVB: Businesses approved by dismissed generals express concerns

*AP: Myanmar official report confirms reappointment of key army post 
*Kao Wao  News Group: Split from the Cease-fire

*AP: Myanmar army chief `too busy' to attend Thai king's birthday
*Arakan News Agency: Arakan Muslim Student among 13 foreign nationals 
languishing in Panchagarh district jail in Bangladesh 

*NLD: Appointment and duties of Humanitarian Support Groups 

*Correction to BurmaNet News: November 10, 2001

__________________ INSIDE BURMA ____________________

AFP: Myanmar says forced labour probe a "delicate and subtle" issue 

GENEVA, Nov 14 (AFP) - Myanmar appealed on Wednesday to the 
International Labour Organisation (ILO) to lift sanctions against it but 
said it could not accept a permanent presence to monitor forced labour. 

 Myanmar's ambassador, Mya Than, said at the beginning of a debate on an 
independent report on forced labour in the country commissioned by the 
ILO that the authorities were "not in a position to receive a permanent 
presence" of an ILO office in Yangon. 

 "As a first step Myanmar is willing to receive visits of an ILO team," 
Mya Than added. 

 "In such delicate and subtle issues it has to be done step-by-step," he 
told delegates from governments, employers and labour organisations at 
the ILO's governing body. 

 The report found that forced labour was continuing, especially in a 
areas with a heavy military presence, and that legislation introduced by 
the ruling military junta last year had had a limited practical impact. 

 Mya Than told the ILO that Myanmar had reservations on some unspecified 
points in the report but overall he welcomed it as a "significant event 
in our relationship". 

 He added that "the report is fairly balanced, it recognises the 
political will to eradicate forced labour that has been expressed in 
Myanmar," and called on the ILO "to review and lift measures" imposed on 
Myanmar during its next assembly in June 2002. 

 The four independent experts on the team that prepared the report 
presented to the governing body on Wednesday are advocating a permanent 
ILO presence in Myanmar amongst their recommendations. 

 "In all areas for which the High Level Team had information it was 
apparent that there was strong correlation between the presence of 
military camps and the parctice of forced labour whether or not those 
troops were engaged in military activities," the report said. 

 The team's three week ILO mission to the country followed the ILO's 
unprecedented censure of Myanmar last year, when it threatened to impose 
more sanctions on the country if it failed to curb forced labour. 


Bangkok Post:  Burma gets tough with graft

Thursday 15 November 2001

Rangoon has reacted to pressure from outside to clean up its house. Two 
of seven senior members of the ruling junta sacked at the weekend are 
thought to have been dismissed for corruption.

BY LARRY JAGAN (BBC World Service's regional editor for Asia and the 

Burma appears to be going through its biggest government shake-up in 
years. Two top generals have been sacked and five other ministers have 
been retired _ only two of them voluntarily.

Diplomats in Rangoon say the country's governing State Peace and 
Development Council brought the country's 12 regional commanders to the 
capital on Saturday for discussions on the cabinet changes _ and 
possibly to fill the vacated military and ministerial posts.

There have been constant reports of division within the army ever since 
Burma's military leaders started reconciliation talks with the 
opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi more than a year ago.

On the face of it, the removal of the seven government members is the 
most sweeping change in Burma since 1997 when the military junta changed 
its name to the State Peace and Development Council and brought the 
regional commanders into the political structure. But like most things 
in Burma, it is difficult to interpret.

There is certainly no evidence of a power struggle at the top of the 
military government. While sources in Rangoon believe that the head of 
state, General Than Shwe, initiated the moves, there is no doubt that 
the other two members of the country's ruling triumvirate, army chief 
General Maung Aye and military intelligence chief Lieutenant-General 
Khin Nyunt, fully supported it.

``The changes, in fact, show the unity and strength of the top three,'' 
said a Western diplomat based in Rangoon. ``They seem to have a tight 
grip on the government.

Lieutenant-General Win Myint, secretary three and regarded as the 
fourth-most powerful man in Burma, and Lieutenant-General Tin Hla, the 
military affairs minister and a deputy prime minister, were almost 
certainly fired because of their excessive involvement in economic 
corruption. They are being confined to their homes and have been 
questioned over their business dealings.

There is growing concern among Burma's top leaders that their Southeast 
Asian neighbours are getting increasingly annoyed at the country's 
growing problems of corruption.

At last week's Asean meeting in Brunei, several countries raised the 
matter with Gen Than Shwe.

Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohammad is reported to have 
complained about specific cases involving Malaysian business. Japanese 
Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi also is believed to have told the 
Burmese leader that there must be more economic transparency if Japan, 
and the international community, are to offer more financial assistance 
and humanitarian aid in the near future.

``The Singaporean government has raised the issue of corruption and the 
lack of transparency in the economy repeatedly in the past year or so,'' 
a Singaporean official said.

Lt-Gen Win Myint and Lt-Gen Tin Hla certainly seem to have been 
dismissed because of their personal business connections with the 
private sector. Both headed major government economic enterprises, 
Myanmar Economic Holdings Company and the Myanmar Economic Corporation, 
which many foreign businessmen have complained about in private.

``These two generals were sacked because their involvement in corruption 
was too blatant,'' a Western diplomat said. But most analysts remain 
sceptical that these sackings will have any real impact on corruption in 
The other sackings, however, appear to be more to do with government 
plans to revitalise the country's administration and to root out the 
hard-liners who may be opposed to the government's reconciliation 
process with Ms Suu Kyi.

Several of the deposed ministers were known hard-liners. But it remains 
difficult to see whether this change is going to make any difference to 
the on-going talks. It will depend on who is appointed to replace them. 

The two ousted generals will probably be replaced by regional 
commanders, although it is possible that Lt-Gen Win Myint will not be 
replaced at all. 

Burma's third most-powerful leader, Lieutenant-General Tin U, the second 
secretary who was killed in a helicopter crash in February this year, 
has not been replaced. His tasks were simply shared between other 
members of the ruling SPDC.

``It is possible that this will be repeated,'' said an Asian diplomat. 
``If that happens then it will show the military leaders' commitment to 
streamlining government administration.''

But many analysts believe the government will use the opportunity to 
promote several regional commanders and bring them into the ruling 
council. Ever since the talks started with Ms Suu Kyi, there have been 
reports that many of the regional commanders were critical of the 

But there also are reports that the local commanders, especially in 
sensitive border areas, are unhappy with the government's attempts to 
stop the use of forced labour as guides, porters and to build military 
installations _ a practice highlighted by the recent International 
Labour Organisation investigative mission to Burma.

This government shake-up certainly provides Gen Than Shwe with the 
opportunity to bring the most-resistant regional commanders to Rangoon 
and sever their connection with their soldiers. This would help Rangoon 
re-establish control over the regional commanders.

Diplomats in Rangoon also believe there may be more changes to come, 
lower down the bureaucracy. But it is too early to tell whether all this 
massive government shake-up is part of a larger strategy to prepare for 
concrete talks with Ms Suu Kyi about power-sharing. Only when the 
government announces the replacements for the deposed generals and 
ministers will their intentions be any clearer.


Shan Herald Agency for News: First batch of the season arrives:  Wa 

November 14, 2001

As the year's monsoons drew to a close, the Wa have resumed the annual  
resettlement program by bringing in nearly 400 compulsory emigrants to  
Mongton township, opposite Chiangmai during the last week, reported a  
source from the area.

The resettlers were unloaded between Hwa Aw, 21 miles from the Thai 
border,  and Poong-an, a village south of Hwe Aw.

"The locals were told to expect 2,000 families between 1 November and 5 
May  next year," he informed S.H.A.N..

Details of the arrivals are as follows:

3 November Male 47,     Female 59       Total = 106
5 November Male 41,     Female 56       Total = 97
7 November Male 75,     Female 88       Total = 163
Grand total Male 163,   Female 193      Total = 366

"Fourteen among them were age between 86-97," he said.

The 3 year relocation program that began in late 1999, is well on its 
way  to achieve its target figure, 50,000 households or approximately 
250,000  people, according to one estimate. Another estimate however is 
more  conservative.

Year                    Township        First Estimate  Second Estimate 
1999-2000               Monghsat        100,000         55,000
2000-2001               Mongton 50,000          35,000
2001 (Rainy season)     Tachilek        15,000          15,000          

Total in 3 townships            165,000         105,000 


AP: Thailand, Myanmar to join forces to boost rice price 

November 14, 2001

BANGKOK, Thailand (AP) _ Thailand and Myanmar have agreed to cooperate 
in rice marketing in an effort to boost the price of the commodity, the 
Thai Commerce Ministry said in a statement Wednesday. 

 The decision was made at a meeting between Thai Commerce Minister 
Adisai Bodharamik and his Myanmar counterpart Pyi Sone at this week's 
World Trade Organization meeting in Doha, Qatar, the statement said. 

 It said Myanmar agreed that it will join a meeting with Thailand, 
Vietnam and Pakistan in Bangkok early next year on tightening 
cooperation among the four world's leading rice exporters. 

 Thailand is the world's top rice exporter. 

 Thailand and Vietnam have already agreed to cooperate to avoid 
 Beyond cooperation on rice, Thailand also expects later this month to 
sign a memorandum of understanding with Myanmar creating a special trade 
facility, the statement said. 

 The recently-developed ``account trade'' facility is a form of barter 
trade under which cash will be used only to cover differences in the 
value of products. 
 Thailand has set up similar systems with Malaysia and the Philippines, 
and this week signed a memorandum of understanding on account trading 
with Papua New Guinea, the statement said. 

 Thailand expects the agreement to help increase Thai rice exports to 
the South Pacific nation. Papua New Guinea, not a rice producer, 
purchases around 500,000 tons of the commodity annually, most of it from 
Australia, the statement said. 


DVB: Businesses approved by dismissed generals express concerns

Text of report by Democratic Voice of Burma (DVB) on 12 November 
DVB has learned that businessmen who have business dealings with the 
military leaders and those who are engaging in businesses with approval 
from the top military echelon are worried about the stability of their 
business ventures. Some businessmen engaging in businesses approved by 
the Union of Myanmar Economic Holdings Limited [UMEHL], headed by Lt-Gen 
Win Myint [dismissed former Secretary-3 of the State Peace and 
Development Council, SPDC], were told to halt their business activities 
for the moment. DVB correspondent Myint Maung Maung filed this report.  
[Myint Maung Maung] Some entrepreneurs engaging in fisheries and 
export-import business with approval from SPDC Secretary-3 Lt-Gen Win 
Myint-led UMEHL were told to halt their operations. 

A businessman from Kawthaung told DVB that those who received UMEHL 
approval because of personal acquaintances with Lt-Gen Win Myint are 
extremely worried about the stability and validity of their business 
ventures. Similarly, the dismissal of Lt-Gen Tin Hla, who headed the 
military-owned Myanmar Economic Corporation [MEC], has also caused great 
anxiety among business people that are doing business with MEC approval. 
At the same time, companies that have invested in the country with the 
approval of SPDC's Myanmar Investment Commission [MIC] chaired by 
Vice-Adm Maung Maung Khin are worried the removal of Vice-Adm Maung 
Maung Khin could cause some changes and amendments in the MIC-approved 
businesses. When Lt-Gen Tun Kyi [former trade minister] was dismissed, 
12 businessmen from Kawthaung who had close links with him were summoned 
to Rangoon for questioning. Businessmen from Kawthaung, who are friendly 
with some dismissed generals, are also anticipating when they will be 
called to Rangoon for questioning. 

Source: Democratic Voice of Burma, Oslo, in Burmese 1430 gmt 12 Nov 01 


AP: Myanmar official report confirms reappointment of key army post 

November 14, 2001

YANGON, Myanmar (AP)  Myanmar's ruling military gave the first official 
sign Wednesday that it had filled a post left vacant after the sacking 
of several senior officials last week. 

 A report in official newspapers said the regional army commander in 
Myanmar's corner of the Golden Triangle had taken up the post of army 
adjutant general, which was held by fourth-ranking general, Lt. Gen. Win 
Myint, until he was dismissed Friday. 

 Maj. Gen. Thein Sein, commander of the Triangle region where the 
borders of Laos, Myanmar and Thailand meet, is one of 10 regional army 
commanders set to be promoted to lieutenant general and reassigned to 
new positions at the Defense Ministry in Yangon in the shake-up, a 
senior military officer told The Associated Press Tuesday. 

 It is the biggest overhaul of the regime's top ranks since November 
1997, when the original junta, the State Law and Order Restoration 
Council, or SLORC, was dissolved and renamed the State Peace and 
Development Council, with younger officials drafted in to replace 
corrupt and old military leaders. 

 The government has given no reasons for the changes. 

 The New Light of Myanmar referred Wednesday to Thein Sein's new 
position when it reported him attending a track and field championship 
on behalf of junta leader Senior Gen. Than Shwe. 

 His rank was unchanged but it usually takes several months for that to 
be formalized. 

 Myanmar, also known as Burma, has 12 regional commanders. The 10 being 
shifted are all members of the elite 16-member SPDC. 

 While the commanders are likely to gain privileges, some observers said 
they would lose power and autonomy, which would reassert the authority 
of the regime's top three generals and expand the influence of the 
Defense Ministry in Yangon. 

 At the weekend, official media announced that Win Myint, SPDC 
Secretary-3, and deputy prime minister Lt. Gen. Tin Hla, who was also 
minister for military affairs, had had their duties ``terminated.'' 

 The blunt phrasing indicated they had fallen heavily out of favor. They 
were both top executives at military-run conglomerates, which hold sway 
in the corruption-ridden, struggling economy. 

 Additionally, two aging deputy prime ministers and 
three other ministers were ``permitted to retire.'' 


Kao Wao  News Group: Split from the Cease-fire

(Based from local correspondent & Independent Mon News Agency, November 
10,  2001)

After the failure of negotiation, the New Mon State Party (NMSP) issued 
a  statement dated on October 31, 2001 denouncing a Mon guerrilla group, 
led by  Col. Pan Nyunt. The statement accused the group leader had 
involved  corruption and broke away from NMSP. Col. Pan Nyunt who is a 
Central  Committee member of the cease-fire NMSP and a senior officer of 
the  Strategic Command, Mon National Liberation Army responded that his 
aim is to  resume fighting against Burmese army for the benefit of Mon 

In an open letter sent to senior monks and civilian in Mon State, the 
group  leader claimed that there has been no improvement during 6 years 
of  cease-fire agreement between the NMSP and the Burmese military 
junta. The  Mon people are even denied their literature and culture 
rights, and the  regime has not interested to solve the political 
problems as NMSP has  expected. The group promised to fight against the 
Burmese Army as human  rights violation such as forced labour, land 
confiscation continues in the  areas.

The local correspondent said the Burmese Army have restricted against 
the  cease-fire NMSP gradually and deployed more troops close to 
cease-fire zones  to block the activities of NMSP and its arm faction, 
Mon National Liberation  Army (MNLA). The suppression has escalated and 
NMSP itself is unable to  protect abuses, and it resulted to split. 
About 150 of Mon guerrilla with  full arms and ammunitions split from 
Mon National Liberation Army (MNLA) of  NMSP, on September 9, 2001.

The DVB opposition radio, on November 7, has reported a fighting 
occurred  between the Burmese army and a guerrilla group near Leikkok 
village in Ye  township of Mon State. According to the radio, villagers 
in the area said  the guerrilla group included soldiers from a Mon 
faction under Col. Pan  Nyunt, which recently broke from the New Mon 
State Party. The number of  casualties was not known.


The Straits Times (Singapore): Web of terror 

 NOV 11, 2001 SUN


  The world sat up on Sept 11. But well before the attacks on the  
United States, terrorists in Asia were busy spinning a web of ties  with 
cells in Sri Lanka, Kashmir, the Philippines, Afghanistan and  beyond. 
Based on reports from The Straits Times foreign bureaus,  SHEFALI REKHI 
traces the links

  IN THE shadowy world in which they move, Asian terrorist groups have  
been busy networking.
  In the past few years, diverse cells of extremists from South Asia,  
Malaysia and Indonesia have reached out to like-minded groups across  
borders and set up ties to better move men, money and arms around,  as 
well as to provide training and share information on possible  targets.

  Intelligence, military and police sources and terrorism experts  which 
The Sunday Times spoke to in the wake of the Sept 11 attack on  the US 
point to several disturbing trends which accompany this  growing terror 

  While networking is far more intense in South Asia, growing linkages  
are emerging in South-east Asia as well,

  Terrorist attacks are now more lethal as extremist groups acquire  
modern weapons and preachers of suicide bombing find more  supporters, 
 Asian terrorist groups are seeing an increase in numbers.  WORLDWIDE 
  UNLIKE the Japanese Red Army, which at one time could count on only  
20 to 30 hardcore members, the Philippines' Abu Sayyaf group is  seeing 
a rise in the number of recruits. It is believed to be  1,000-strong, 
with half of its members owning firearms.  Aside from local grievances, 
poverty is fuelling the growth as it  pushes young people with no hope 
of meaningful employment into the  ranks of terrorist rings.
  Increasingly too, religion is being used by terrorist groups to win  
supporters and justify their actions.

  Long before Sept 11 turned the spotlight on Afghanistan, terrorist  
groups in South Asia were busy building global links.  Confessions of 
those arrested in the past two years reveal that  these extend beyond 
the region.

  For instance, the Harkat-ul-Mujahideen (HUM), based in Pakistan, has  
a unit in Kashmir as well.
 The HUM is also a member of Saudi-born terrorist Osama bin Laden's  
network for jihad against the US and Israel, and has recruited from  
Myanmar, the Philippines, Algeria, Egypt, Tunisia, Jordan and Saudi  
Arabia in recent years.

  Consider, too, the LTTE. With headquarters in Sri Lanka, it is said  
to have 30 offices worldwide, which qualifies it as the most  networked 
terrorist organisation in the world, said Professor Peter  Chalk, a 
terrorism expert from Australia's Queensland University.  
Recently, officials in Colombo learnt that the Tamil Tigers had  
established a naval base in Twante, an island off Myanmar, and had  gone 
into the narcotics trade as well.
The LTTE's move into Myanmar is a source of worry for US drug  
enforcement authorities because 80 per cent of the heroin found in  
America is said to originate from the country.  In New Delhi, in 1999, 
police arrested a Bangladeshi national, Sayed  Abu Nasir, and charged 
him with planning bomb attacks against US  consulates in Chennai and 

  Nasir was said to be a member of Lashkar-e-Toiba, which operates out  
of Kashmir.
 Three of his Indian associates were arrested in 

  Bangladesh but police are still on the lookout for his other  
associates: four Egyptians, a Sudanese and a Myanmar national.  New 
Delhi's biggest concern remains the Pakistani connection of  terrorist 
groups in the Kashmir hotspot.
  Among them, the one that has been in the news recently is the  
Jaish-e-Mohammad, which claimed responsibility for the bombing of  the 
Srinagar Assembly building in early October that left 38 dead.  Jaish 
e-Mohammad was founded by Maulana Masood Azhar, one of the  prisoners 
released by Delhi in exchange for the passengers on an  Indian Airlines 
flight that was hijacked in December 1999.  The hijacked plane was flown 
to Kandahar in Afghanistan. The  released prisoners were also flown 
there for the exchange after the  hijackers killed one passenger.


  IN AUGUST, Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf banned two groups -  
the Sipah-e-Mohammad Pakistan and Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, declaring them  
terrorist organisations. He issued warnings to two others - the  
Tehrik-e-Jafria Pakistan and Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan (SSP).  But how 
effective the crackdown is remains to be seen as these  groups have 
branches in other countries and have trained other  militant outfits.

  The Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, a large number of whose activists are wanted  
in Pakistan on terrorism charges, has been operating from  Afghanistan 
for some time.
  The group has a following of diehard supporters across Pakistan, and  
intelligence sources say that while the sympathisers do not get  
directly involved in sectarian attacks, they provide support for its  

  The militant groups in Pakistan are also fuelling sectarian violence  
internally, feeding off social divisions based on the Sunni-Shi'ite  
divide, caste and communal differences.
  In both South and South-east Asia, the use of religion as a means of  
recruitment and as a basis of cooperation among terrorist groups are  
worrying trends.

  Malaysian security officials say there is growing evidence that  
Islamic groups have forged closer cross-border ties with Indonesian  
militant groups.

  Malaysian police attribute the connections to the influx of  
Indonesian preachers into Malaysia in the early 1990s.  Preachers such 
as Abu Bakar and Riduan Isamuddin - also leaders of  Indonesia's Majelis 
Mujahidin - called for the setting up of Daulah  Islamiah Nusantara, a 
unified Islamic state across the region.  Part One of this grand design 
calls for Muslim brethren in the  region to help the more Islamic 
regions of Indonesia obtain  independence.

  Another religious connection that surfaced: Malaysian members of the  
Kumpulan Mujahideen Malaysia (KMM) trained on two Indonesian islands  
before linking up to join Indonesian Muslims to fight Christians in  the 
Maluku islands.
  Moving farther afield, the Indonesian Mujahideen Council is believed  
to have sent several of its members to Afghanistan and Libya for  

  In Thailand, security forces are concerned about the emergence of a  
new alliance called 'Bersatu', which means United, among  secessionist 

  Its members include Pulo (Pattani United Liberation Organisation),  
the Barisan Revolusi Nasional, the New Pulo and the Gerakan  Mujahidin 
Islam Pattani.

  Colombo cops and military men have been in a tizzy since the  
discovery in May that the LTTE's chief procurement officer  Tharmalingam 
Shammugan Kumaran had visited Afghanistan via Dubai and  Karachi.

  Apart from confirming their worst fears about substantive links  
between LTTE and the Al-Qaeda, Osama's terror network, the visit  raised 
the possibility that the Tamil Tigers, infamous for their  suicide 
bombers, could be training al-Qaeda's people for suicidal  missions.		

  Osama's links with the Tamil Tigers are just one strand of a web of  
ties that the Al-Qaeda group has in Asia.

  Besides training and aiding militant groups operating in Pakistan  and 
Kashmir, Al-Qaeda has ties too with the Assam-based terrorist  force, 
ULFA or the United Liberation Front of Assam, according to  Indian 
security forces.

  Osama's ties with South-east Asia have not escaped US attention and,  
last month, the US government announced that terrorists linked to  him 
operating in Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines would be  its next 

  The most explicit connection seems to be in the Philippines, where  
the Abu Sayyaf gang has reportedly received financial support from  
Osama's brother-in-law Mohammad Jamal Khalifa.  Mohammad Khalifa owns a 
Manila-based furniture export company and  authorities believe this was 
used to channel funds to the Abu Sayyaf  and other Muslim rebels in the 
late 1980s and the mid-1990s.  In Indonesia, the American authorities 
have identified the Lashkar  Jihad group as having ties with Osama.
  In Malaysia, where the Kuala Lumpur airport was reportedly used as a  
transit point by some of the suspects involved in the Sept 11  attacks, 
investigations are underway to find out the extent of  Al-Qaeda 


___________________ REGIONAL/INTERNATIONAL___________________

AP: Myanmar army chief `too busy' to attend Thai king's birthday

November 14, 2001

BANGKOK, Thailand (AP) _ Myanmar's army chief Gen. Maung Aye has turned 
down an invitation to attend celebrations next month of the Thai king's 
birthday, an aide to the Thai defense minister said Wednesday. 
 ``Gen. Maung Aye and other senior Myanmar officials said they are too 
busy with the internal affairs to visit Thailand on this day,'' Gen. 
Sanan Kachornklam told The Associated Press.
 Myanmar's military regime is undergoing it's biggest shake-up in four 
years, after seven senior officials including the fourth-ranking general 
were dismissed last week. 

 Sanan, an aide to Defense Minister Chavalit Yongchaiyudh, said he 
conveyed the invitation during a visit to Yangon this weekend to arrange 
for a meeting of the Thai-Myanmar Cultural and Economic Association, 
scheduled to be held in Yangon Nov. 30-Dec. 1. 

 ``We arrived on the day that the hosts were making some changes in 
their government,'' he said. 

 Thailand had been hopeful that in a mark of improving relations Myanmar 
would accept the invitation to attend a trooping of the color on Dec. 2, 
three days before the 74th birthday of King Bhumibol Adulyadej, the 
world's longest reigning monarch. 

 Representatives of Southeast Asian countries' armed forces are invited 
annually to the parade. Myanmar, also known as Burma, has not attended 
for years. 

 Thai-Myanmar relations reached their lowest point in years when armies 
of the two neighbors clashed briefly at their land border in February, 
but have revived this year under the government of Thai Prime Minister 
Thaksin Shinawatra. 


Arakan News Agency: Arakan Muslim Student among 13 foreign nationals 
languishing in Panchagarh district jail in Bangladesh 



By Our Special Correspondent
Panchagarh (Bangladesh), Nov. 9: An Arakan Muslim student, Mohammad 
Zubair, and 12 Indian nationals have been languishing in Panchgarah 
district jail in Bangladesh though their terms of imprisonment have 
already been expired.  

These foreign nationals who were sentenced in varying terms of 
imprisonment on charge of illegal intrusion and other offences have been 
leading a sub-human life as there has been no allocation of food for 
them as per prison rule for the fact that they are no longer men in 
District jail sources said Bangladesh government cannot send them to 
their homeland due to the complications of law, irresponsibility of the 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs and negligence of foreign embassies.  

According to the same source the Burmese and Indian embassies did not 
respond to the letter sent by the jail authority to them for several 
times. Most of the detained foreign nationals have been in jail for 
about one year after the completion of their terms of imprisonment. The 
foreign nationals in the prison in an interview with this correspondent 
requested him to communicate with Human Rights Organisations to 
intervene for their early sending to their homelands. 
Abdur Rashid
Chief Reporter
Arakan News Agency



NLD: Appointment and duties of Humanitarian Support Groups 

National League for Democracy
97/b West Shwegondaing Road
Bahan Township, Yangon.

number 021/ba ha/ see yone/01 dated 30/10/2001

All NLD State, Divisional and Township branches.
All NLD Departments.
All NLD Businesses and Enterprises.

Subject - Appointment and duties of Humanitarian Support Groups. 

1.  The duties of the Central Humanitarian Group needs to be expanded in 
order that unity and solidarity in the NLD can be enhanced. Duties have 
to be defined so that we can go beyond the stage of just supporting 
imprisoned members to the stage of reaching out and assisting other 
members appropriately. 

2. (a) The president at every level shall be the leader in the selection 
of Humanitarian Support workers. (Example) - Presidents of State, 
Division and Township organizational committees will act as leaders of 
their Humanitarian Support Group.     (b) Composition of Humanitarian 
Support Groups should not be limited to NLD members. Invitation to 
sympathizers and supporters of the NLD should be extended.     (c) To 
start with there should be a minimum of five taking responsibility.  The 
number may be increased in time.     (d) A secretary and a treasurer 
should be selected in each group for proper coordination  with the 
leader of the group.     (e) After proper review, members who had 
previously served in Humanitarian Support Groups at all levels (State, 
Division, Township) should be included or added as deemed fit.    (f) A 
report on the formation of the Humanitarian Support Groups in the 
Central, State, Division and Township organizational committees must be 
submitted to the Head Office. Henceforth all such groups will come under 
the jurisdiction of the Central Humanitarian Support Committee. 

3.  Objectives

(a) To always keep in contact and support socially and humanely the 
families of NLD and other political parties against whom legal action is 
taken regardless of the reasons for such legal action. (b) To regularly 
meet with and encourage those families and give medical and financial 
aid in order that they can be rehabilitated. (c) To arrange and give 
legal aid to those arrested and imprisoned. (d)  To investigate 
appropriately the special and urgent needs of  those NLD members who 
have special needs and are suffering great hardship and to give them 

4.  Procedure to be followed.

(a) Within 24 hours of hearing of legal action taken against an NLD 
member, the family should be contacted and inquiries should be made. (b) 
Immediately notify the Central, State and Divisional Offices. (c) 
Collect funds from willing donors.
(d) Such funds must be properly accounted for. The President of the 
Humanitarian Support Group has ultimate responsibility. (e) The funds 
should be appropriately used for the families of those detained. Where 
financial support is not needed, a token gift to indicate support may be 
given. Other needs for rehabilitation should also be met as far as 
possible. (f) Assist the family to make contact with legal aid personnel 
should there be need . (g) NLD members should always turn up in full 
force at all court hearings and whenever the accused is brought out.  
But remember to be orderly and disciplined. (h) Should the funds 
collected be depleted, others should collectively assist the prisoner's 
family medically and in other ways. (i) Monies from humanitarian funds 
should be applied equitably for relief of family members of other 
political parties as well. (j) Bereavements or celebrations on behalf of 
NLD members and their families should be well attended and patronized. 
(k) Refrain from actions (words or deeds) that will cause divisions or 
disruptions within the families of members against whom legal action is 
taken. (l) Once in three months, reports on humanitarian activities 
taken at each level of the organization should be sent to the Central 
Humanitarian Support Group. 
Central Humanitarian Support Group.

1.  U Tin U  President
2.  U Ohn Myint                 Vice President
3.  Daw San San             Member
4.  Dr. Than Nyein      "
5.  Daw Le Le      "
6   U Win Htein                           "
7.  Daw Khin Aye                          "
8.  U Aung Thein                   "
9.  Daw Kyi Kyi Win      "    (Sanchaung)
10 Daw Kyi Kyi Win      "    (Kyimyindaing)
11 U Kyaw Aung                    "
12 U Tin Hlaing (Ee Ba)                "
13. U Toe Po                    "
14  U Khin Maung Win        "
15  U Saw Hlaing        "
16   U Naing Naing                        "
17  U Kyo Laing                            "
18 U Thein Zan                         member
19 U Soe Win                                "
20 Daw Khin Than Hla                 "
21 U Hla Thein                     Secretary        
21 U Thein Oo                       Joint Secretary        

 (Daw Aung San Suu Kyi)                                                  
General Secretary                                                        
Central Executive Committee                                              
National League for Democracy 


Correction to BurmaNet News: November 10, 2001

The headline in the November 10, 2001 issue of BurmaNet identifying the 
UN report on Burma incorrectly identified it as the work of Prof. 
Pinheiro when it should have identified it's author as Special Envoy 
Razali.  Razali is the Special Envoy or Representative (of the 
Secretary-General).  Pinheiro is the Special Rapporteur (of the 
Commission on Human Rights). 


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