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______________ THE BURMANET NEWS ______________
An on-line newspaper covering Burma
June 26, 2001 Issue # 1832
______________ www.burmanet.org _______________
NOTED IN PASSING: "ominous silence?
Dr. Chris Beyrer?s description of the regime?s response to the AIDS
epidemic in Burma. See NY Times: AIDS Hidden in Myanmar, Expert Says
INSIDE BURMA _______
*NY Times: AIDS Hidden in Myanmar, Expert Says
*The Times: Fading faces of Burma-With family in tow, Joey Bieber went
to record a vanishing way of life
*Digipresse/Yahoo.fr: A Burmese trade unionist thanks Total for
acknowledging its use of forced labour
*Xinhua: China, Myanmar Cooperate To Develop Transport On Int'l River
*Shan Herald Agency for News: "Chemical weapons" were tear-gas bombs,
*Shan Herald Agency for News: Shan army facing financial difficulty
*Bangkok Post: Intelligence gathering poor - Chavalit says efforts being
made to ensure improvement
*The Nation: Refugees to gain from FM's idea
*Letter: ?Portrait? of Suu Kyi by Levy and Scott-Clark ?unfair
*New Light of Myanmar (SPDC): SBS Myanmar radio programme under control
*The Burma Fund: Position Announcement--Program Assistant - DC
*Karen Human Rights Group: KHRG releases largest set of SPDC orders to
__________________ INSIDE BURMA ____________________
NY Times: AIDS Hidden in Myanmar, Expert Says
June 25, 2001
By BARBARA CROSSETTE
An American expert on AIDS in Southeast Asia says that the military
government of Myanmar is falsifying statistics to hide evidence that the
disease has reached epidemic levels there.
The specialist, Chris Beyrer, an epidemiologist at the Johns Hopkins
School of Hygiene and Public Health in Baltimore, has just completed a
study concluding that 3.46 percent of adults are infected with the virus
that causes AIDS.
Dr. Beyrer's study will be presented Monday during a special United
Nations General Assembly session on AIDS.
Although this percentage is well below the worst levels of some African
nations, it would make Myanmar the second-worst case in Southeast Asia,
which has the highest reasonably confirmable rates in all of Asia.
Cambodia, for instance, has a rate of infection of about 4 percent of
Medical experts classify a disease as an epidemic when the level of the
population affected reaches 2 percent or more.
"The bottom-line issue here is that people who know about the H.I.V.
epidemic in the region are very concerned about the situation in Burma,"
Dr. Beyrer said in an interview, using the country's traditional name.
He described the response of the military government as "ominous
The conclusions of Dr. Beyrer, who has worked as a consultant for the
World Health Organization in Myanmar, are broadly supported by the
findings of United Nations AIDS experts. Unaids, the coordinating body
working on the disease within the organization, estimates that 48,000
people in Myanmar died of AIDS in 1999, the year on which Dr. Beyrer and
his team based their study. That year, the Burmese government officially
reported 802 AIDS deaths.
In the mid-1980's, Myanmar began to follow Thailand's example and take
regular measurements of the spread of H.I.V. infections. Dr. Beyrer
added that Health Ministry officials compile accurate numbers which
international agencies get and pass on to experts abroad only to have
them brushed aside by the country's military leadership.
In conducting the Johns Hopkins research, Dr. Beyrer and his team looked
at the government's own figures collected at clinics and hospitals.
Among Burmese men aged 20 to 44, the researchers calculated, the
infection rate is about 5.3 percent. The infection rate for women
nationally was below 3 percent, except in the Shan states. In general,
the study found, 1 in every 29 adults in Myanmar carries H.I.V.
The Times (UK): Fading faces of Burma-With family in tow, Joey Bieber
went to record a vanishing way of life
June 26, 2001
BY JOANNA PITMAN
Joey Bieber looks and sounds so resolutely, domestically English on her
Sussex farm, surrounded by children and animals, that you would never
guess at her taste for exotic adventure. Two years ago, towards the end
of a three-week journey through rural Burma with her husband and four
children aged nine to 14, she found herself stranded one night on the
edge of the Irrawaddy River with her brood and a large pile of
suitcases. They had driven in a rattling bus through the previous night
and day over unmade roads and mountains and had missed the last ferry.
We were stranded. So we commandeered a boat which delivered us to the
far shore with our piles of luggage. We had one suitcase each, plus a
huge medical bag, plus several more bags for cameras and other equipment
and presents for the locals. So there we were sitting on the other
shore, wondering what to do next when people from the village noticed us
and began wandering down to look. Soon the entire village had gathered
to stare at us as if we were some kind of exhibit. Theyd never seen
westerners before, let alone fair-skinned children. We didnt know what
to do, so John Biebers husband and I started singing Oh I do love to be
beside the seaside. The children were so embarrassed, but the villagers
thought it was marvellous.
Sterling stuff. You can just picture the little tribe of rather grubby
and weary Brits making the best of a rotten situation. Bieber would
probably have been perfect material for keeping outposts of empire
together. She is resolute, resourceful and has a pungent sense of
Bieber also happens to be a powerful photographer. An exhibition of 56
of her images taken on that trip opens at the Brunei Gallery at SOAS in
London on July 12. In essence it is a documentary study of the people of
remote, rural Burma, the mothers and children, the labourers, monks,
nuns and others she and her family came across. Travelling with four
children, a mixture of blondes and redheads, clearly did Bieber no harm
at all. Several of the images capture groups of Burmese, eyes popping in
amazement at the sight of a gang of western children.
As a photographer, Bieber seems to work apart from the photographic
consensus of the moment; she tends to be reflective rather than
militant, romantic rather than sceptical. Everywhere she goes she
searches for humanity, focusing in on it largely to show her children
(They saw humanity, believe me!) and in the process she finds a
remarkable spirituality in the Burmese. For a country which has been
bullied, beaten and subdued by a brutally totalitarian military regime
in recent years, it is fascinating to see the spiritual resilience of
these people shining through.
The routine acts of daily village life are revealed to be full of grace,
pathos, humour and surprise. A nun in a wrapped headdress and frayed
jacket sits at the entrance to a temple, sucking at a fat cheroot; not
very holy, but a nun nevertheless, her begging bowl sits in front of
her, never quite empty but never quite full.
A monk is pictured descending the steps of the holy mountain, Mount
Popa. Above him hangs a banner emblazoned with the loops and swirls of
the Burmese script. The architectural lines of the wall beside him, the
door frame behind and the pockmarked ledge to his side all stretch the
image very tight towards two dimensions, taut as a drum. On this surface
appears the figure of the monk, his robes and blanket spreading in waves
away from an extraordinarily intense moon-shaped shaven head, with a
face that looks waxen in its gently gleaming perfection.
Biebers strong graphic eye is seen at its best in the image of two water
buffalo hauling teak logs from the river on to the muddy banks of the
Irrawaddy. The two half moons of their horns are linked by a heavy log
yoke, their smooth bodies mirrored by the hunks of dense wood hanging
silently in the water. A maze of straw huts floats behind them, their
roofs furred with soft thatch, and chopstick-thin people give the image
vertical co-ordinates as fine as calligraphic brush strokes. In the
background a long low boat floats by, a boy paddling serenely at its
bow. The picture was the result of instant recognition of subject and
Many of these images will acquire nostalgic value as Burma changes and
develops under the ongoing influence of tourism, foreign investment and,
one day, democracy. I wanted to capture Burma and its people before
changes happened, says Bieber.
Melting the Stars is at the Brunei Gallery, School of Oriental and
African Studies, Russell Square, London WC1 from July 12 to December 7.
The catalogue is available on special offer for Times readers for 12.95.
Tel 0207 3892242 or www.bieberco.co.uk
Digipresse/Yahoo.fr: A Burmese trade unionist thanks Total for
acknowledging its use of forced labour
[Translation from the French original by Info Birmanie--Birmanie-Total :
un syndicaliste birman remercie Total de reconnaitre le travail forcé ()
"Thank you, Total" declared Mr Than Lwin, a leading member of the
Federation of Trade Unions of Burma (FTUB, the only -free and
underground- Trade Union in Burma), in Paris on June 19. Mr Than Lwin,
Administrative Executive Officer of FTUB, was reacting after the
petroleum group recently acknowledged the use of forced labour linked to
the construction of its pipeline in Burma. The trade-union member had
been invited for a European tour of information by several European
trade-unions affiliated to the International Confederation of Free Trade
Unions (ICFTU). Digipresse met him in the offices of France Libertes,
Danielle Mitterrand's foundation in Paris, where he had been invited by
Info-Birmanie. After the interview, Mr Than Lwin was to take part in a
demonstration held by Total's French trade union members outside the oil
geant's head-offices at 5 km west of Paris. In his interview with
Digipresse the Burmese trade-union leader was explicitly refering to a
declaration by Jean-Pierre Cordier, president of TotalFinaElf's Ethics
Committee. On June 14, during a debate "For or against a boycott of
Burma" organised by the leading Paris bookstore FNAC St Lazare, Mr
Cordier had stated: "When a case of forced labour is brought to our
attention, we make every effort to offer compensation". The group' s
head of public relations, Mr Delaborde, attended the debate and did not
deny his colleague' s declaration. This public recognition, by a member
of TotalFinaElf's management, of the use of forced labour linked to its
Burmese pipeline construction will have long-lasting effects. This
reaction by the FTUB leader is just a beginning.
Mr Than Lwin continued (listen to video) pointing out that this
recognition will have to be considered in the appeal of burmese
plaintiffs against Unocal* pending in a federal court in California
*Unocal, Total's American partner in the construction and exploitation
of the Burmese pipeline, is being sued by Burmese forced labour victims,
and various human rights violations in an American court of justice. The
case was initially brought against both partners, Total and Unocal.
However in September 1997 the French government intervened with a Brief
Amicus Curiae declaring the Los Angeles tribunal incompetent with
regards to Total. At present, although Unocal was found not guilty in
first instance, conclusions by the judge have paved the way for the
pending appeal procedure. In Paris, beside Mr Than Lwin, one of the
Burmese plantiffs against UNOCAL was facing the French journalists for
the first time, and joined the demonstration with French oil union
Vincent Riou et Francis Christophe
c digipresse, translated by Brigitte Revol
Xinhua: China, Myanmar Cooperate To Develop Transport On Int'l River
KUNMING, June 25 , 2001 14:41PM
Southwest China's Yunnan Province is increasing cooperation with Myanmar
to develop a road-water transportation line for more efficient trade.
The province and the country expect a portage to be completed in the
near future between a road in the province and the waterway of the
Irrawaddy River in Myanmar.
The 2150-km river originates on the Tibet Plateau and flows through
Yunnan and Myanmar and empties into the Indian Ocean.
Shan Herald Agency for News: "Chemical weapons" were tear-gas bombs,
June 25, 2001
In reply to S.H.A.N.'s question concerning reports of Rangoon's
employment of chemical weapons during the Pakhee Battle, 22 April-3
May, a Shan army leader acknowledged that they were actually tear-gas
"The bombs were fired onto Honok (near Pakhee, Mongton Township,
opposite Fang District of Chiangmai) on 30 April," he told S.H.A.N..
"They exploded in mid-air, emitting a black smoke that changed into
white. Many of our men went dizzy and some of them unconscious."
One officer who witnessed the event added, "At first, we thought they
were dead, but after some time they regained their consciousness."
The Pakhee Battle, where Shans captured nearly 200,000 pills of
amphetamines from the Burmese outpost, further strained the relations
between Thailand and Burma.
Shan Herald Agency for News: Shan army facing financial difficulty
June 25, 2001
The only Shan group that is actively fighting against Rangoon has been
under severe financial constraints since its anti-narcotics principle
came into force in 1998, according to Shan resistance quarters.
During a meeting of army officers that was held on 22 June, 1900-2300,
chaired by Col. Khurh-ngern, Vice President, Restoration Council of
Shan State and Chief of Staff, Shan State Army, a list of the army's
unsettled bills was read out. (For reasons of security, the figures
shall not be quoted).
"That is the burden for trying to live up to our principles," said
One participant agreed. "The Burmese have been accusing us all along of
Thai support for Shans. They should have seen our list."
Khurh-ngern, however, was confident the army would be able to overcome
the present difficulty through revenue totally unrelated to drugs.
"Financial problem is nothing new for us," he said.
The meeting was attended by several prominent leaders, including Lt.
Col. Wanli, Commander of the crack 198st Brigade and Maj. Oomliang,
Officer-in-charge of the Chief-of-Staff office. Col. Yawdserk left a day
earlier from Loi Taileng, opposite Maehongson's Pang Mapha District, on
Bangkok Post: Intelligence gathering poor - Chavalit says efforts being
made to ensure improvement
June 26, 2001
The government wants to make intelligence an effective deterrent against
foreign terrorist acts in Thailand.
Defence Minister Chavalit Yongchaiyudh said intelligence collection was
inadequate, but improvements were on the way.
Gen Chavalit, who is leading a delegation comprising military leaders
and the defence permanent-secretary to Burma at the end of July, said
authorities were always one step behind rebel groups from neighbouring
countries operating in Thailand against their own governments.
Security agencies had failed repeatedly to prevent sabotage in the South
by separatist movements based in Malaysia.
Last week, the Free Vietnam Movement left two home-made bombs in front
of the Vietnamese embassy in Bangkok.
Gen Chavalit and defence staff yesterday discussed measures to deal with
terrorist movements, as well as border problems, with people from the
Interior and Foreign ministries.
He said co-operation would be sought from the home countries of
suspected rebels as well as nations that naturalised them to keep a
close eye on their moves.
"We need to have information before they come in," Gen Chavalit said.
The government would "put things in order" at Wat Tham Krabok in
Saraburi, a major shelter of Hmong refugees who opposed the Lao
government, he said.
A clear policy was needed on whether to allow the Hmong to stay or to
send them back.
Deputy Interior Minister Sora-at Klinprathum said the meeting agreed to
set up a special committee which would have power to act when border
The panel would be chaired by the National Security Council
secretary-general and comprise the defence, interior and foreign
permanent secretaries, the supreme commander and chiefs of the three
Surakiart Sathirathai, the foreign minister, said NSC secretary-general
Kachadpai Burusapatana would act as co-ordinator working closely with
the Foreign and Defence permanent secretaries, the supreme commander and
national police chief.
The Interior Ministry would lead negotiations with Thailand's neighbours
on ways to tackle transnational crimes, on borders and permission to
open checkpoints with Cambodia, Laos, Burma and Malaysia, said Mr
He urged all sides to build sustainable relationships with Burma after
the Mae Sai-Tachilek checkpoint re-opened last Saturday.
On the lignite power plant planned for Tachilek, the minister said both
Thailand and Burma saw it as a private matter.
But he added that Bangkok might ask Rangoon whether the plant would harm
the environment and that Thailand was ready to share knowledge on
environmental protection gleaned from its plant at Lampang's Mae
TheNation: Refugees to gain from FM's idea
June 26, 2001
Thailand yesterday approached Japan to join in its endeavour to create
jobs inside Burma to support Burmese refugees once they returned home.
The idea was floated yesterday by Foreign Minister Surakiart Sathirathai
during his meeting with Japanese Ambassador Nobutoshi Akao. Surakiart
had earlier proposed to the International Organisation of Migration
(IOM) that it set up an office in Rangoon to help the refugees earn a
living after their return.
According to Surakiart, Japan has agreed in principle to his initiative
and he will discuss it further when he visits Japan in August.
The minister said US-based Unocal and the Petroleum Authority of
Thailand were keen to develop self-supporting communities inside Burma
to help the refugees resettle in their homeland. Both
petroleum-suppliers are partners in a controversial pipeline project in
Burma that supplies Thailand.
He said Thailand would help Burma find a market for products from these
He added that if negotiations with Rangoon on the return of Burmese
refugees were successful Thailand, other friendly states and the IOM
would proceed with the self-supporting community idea.
During Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra's fence-mending visit to Burma
last week, Rangoon repeated its position that it was willing to allow
refugees to return provided they were proven to be genuine Burmese.
Thailand is housing more than 100,000 Burmese refugees, mainly ethnic
minorities, at sprawling camps along its border with Burma.
Meanwhile the Mae Sai-Tachilek checkpoint was yesterday bustling with
Burmese rushing to buy Thai consumer goods. The immigration office at
Mae Sai has recorded nearly 3,000 Burmese visitors since the checkpoint
reopened on Sunday after being closed for five months.
Deputy chief of the Mae Sai Customs Office Veerapong Pannaratch said
export orders for Thai goods had reached more than Bt700,000 on the
first day of opening. He said Burma had started to take in cement and
iron rods while strategic goods like petrol and vehicles that had been
banned were still on the order list but not yet exported.
However, a group of villagers who have resisted the construction of a
lignite-based thermal power plant in Tachilek yesterday expreseed its
concern that the reopening of the checkpoint would make it easy for
machines for the plant to get into Burma.
In a related development, the Thai-owned Regina and Gold hotel in
Tachilek reopened yesterday, offering customers up to 50 per cent
discounts on room rates to stimulate demand following its closure as a
result of the border seal. But the hotel, which includes a casino, only
managed to draw a small number of customers.
Letter: ?Portrait? of Suu Kyi by Levy and Scott-Clark ?unfair
June 26, 2001
The "Portrait of Aung San Suu Kyi" by Adrian Levy and Cathy Scott-Clark
[carried in yesterday?s BurmaNet] was a very negative piece of writing.
You were right to bring it
to the attention of your readers. Aung San Suu Kyi would be the last
person to even suggest that she was a "St Joan" or any other saint.
However she is a very remarkable woman trying to do a very hard job
surrounded on all sides by a recalcitrant army junta and by some
apparent time-servers. It is not surprising that she should lose her
temper at times, but to suggest as these writers do that she is
autocratic and aloof is unfair and I think untruthful. She is a woman
with a mission and presses ahead to her goal. And if some lesser people
cannot keep up with her or share her vision, then in the manner of
things, they have to fall behind.
This piece of writing further suggests that these writers have absorbed
a well known Burmese ( and Australian)trait- that of cutting down like a
tall poppy anyone brave enough to stand taller than they. Or in another
way- "Put two Burmese into a room together and when they come out they
will have formed three political parties".
Whilst criticism is always to be welcomed it is a pity that these
writers were so concerned to write only negative things about Aung San
Suu Kyi that they ignored the tremendous things she has done. Like her
or hate her- she is the only bright hope for Burma.
Dr Paul Webb
New Light of Myanmar (SPDC): SBS Myanmar radio programme under control
Part 1, May 24, 2001. Part 2, May 25, 2001
As Australia encourages the system of diverse ethnic peoples and
cultures, it permits the setting up of radio stations of the languages
of multiple races in order to promote the religion, literature and
culture of these peoples who have settled in the nation.
The Special Broadcasting Service (SBS) was set up as a radio station of
Independent Statuary Authority in 1978 under the broadcasting act of
1991. The duty of SBS is to broadcast news and entertainment programmes
of multiple races and cultures. Broadcasting of one-sided political
views and statements injurious to others are being prohibited under the
departmental broadcasting policies.
However, the SBS Myanmar radio programme has become a tool of
expatriate Myanmar politicians who are totally against the aims and
policies of the SBS and are blindly opposing Myanmar. If the
announcements of the SBS are analyzed objectively, they never really
represent any of the political organizations.
The Myanmar radio programme is dominated by the opinions of the
in-charge of the programme or the views of his closely associated
political circle. Especially, its announcements are based on random
policies of an individual person. For example, the articles compiled by
the one, Maung Ye Khaing, are based on hearsay that are the slanderous
news gathered from different corners. Without having any consideration
for the journalism codes of conduct, he is announcing the views which
are his own creations.
The programmer, the columnist, the regular announcers should have moral
conduct and real goodwill towards the public and should always keep in
the fore the interests of the entire people. Moreover, they greet the
listeners with a sweet and auspicious voice. However, as the SBS is
dominated by uneducated, stubborn and random rowdies, it is always
overwhelmed by the abusive language.
There is a prescription in Australia that the in-charge of a SBS radio
programme should be at least a graduate of an Australian university.
Because it is accepted and believed that only the educated and
thoughtful persons can produce an unbiased and a pleasant radio
programme that serves the people's interests in accord with the rules.
Kyaw Tun Aung, the Myanmar radio programmer of the SBS, is a settler
who arrived in Australia in 1971. Apart from his fluency in English,
for he has been in Australia for long, let alone getting a degree from
any university in Myanmar or Australia, he even didn't pass the
matriculation examination. In addition to his low education level, he
has less knowledge. His programmes are worse and he does not deserve the
Only the two women part-time announcers are skilled in radio programming
and can produce programmes that help promote the general knowledge of
the Myanmar people. But Kyaw Tun Aung's programmes are overwhelmed by
the abusive language which is totally against the Myanmar culture, have
many duplicates from other radio stations (for example, some of his
programmes are the carbon copies of BBC), and are full of random
opinions of his political associates. Though he is said to be giving
priority to the politics, he is not a politician. As he left Myanmar at
about 1970, he has no connection with the politics of Myanmar. He is
just an opportunists. He is just a swaggerer acting on his hearsay
knowledge on the four 8s and the four 9s incidents.
He is using some of the Myanmar expatriate politicians to make himself a
swaggerer. He formed alliance with Kenneth Oo and his group and founded
All Young Burmese League (AYBL) to win the support of ethnic Myanmar
groups as a means to consolidate his position at SBS. When he gained a
foothold in SBS, he kicked Kenneth Oo and his group out.
Author : Maung Sydney ( Australia)
(Continued from 24-6-2001)
It is tantamount to stabbing in the back of Myanmar. It can have a
detrimental effect on the strengthening of ties of friendship and the
promotion of understanding between the two nations. Therefore, the
Australian government should keep a tight rein on SBS Myanmar programme
which has become a place where organizations holding negative views are
broadcasting their propaganda programmes.
It is because SBS Radio is not the one run privately but the one backed
by the government according to the law of the Australian government. Ye
Khaing (a) Ye Naing, the follower of Kyaw Tun Aung, is helping Kyaw Tun
Aung to have his own way. With the help of Ye Khaing, Kyaw Tun Aung
managed to marry runaway student Mi Mi. Ye Khaing was conceited so much
so that he no longer has a sense of respects to the Buddha, religious
sermons and elders. He is praising himself as a ABSDF hero or literary
In fact, he has to lead a life of a runaway after robbing warehouses
during disturbances. The news about him is circulating among the group
of Myanmar people. One rowdy characteristic of Ye Naing is that he
wrote by comparing another person with a cow, and as a result, another
group has been thrown into fury. Likewise, on a certain Myanmar
political occasion, Ye Naing spoke so-called ideological words after
getting drunk. Very recently due to Ye Naing, the Sydney show of
runaway Tin Moe was almost in disorder.
...All the Myanmar people in Australia pinned their great hope on SBS
Myanmar programme when it was allowed. However, they amazed at the
appointment of Kyaw Tun Aung as an announcer, Chairman of AYBL, All
Young Burmese League, who cannot speak Myanmar language well.
They didn't even believe it. They forecast that it could not become a
broadcasting station representing the group of Myanmar people. As
forecast by the group of Myanmar people, Kyaw Tun Aung, who has become
the programmer thanks to ABC (All Burma Council), has broadcast the
ideology of their association and groundless political news. It is
deplorable to note that although the Australian government has spent
money for the interests of the group of Myanmar, their plans has become
fruitless due to opportunist politicians bent on seeking
self-interests. The present SBS Myanmar programme does not represent
the group of Myanmar people in Australia but programmer Kyaw Tun Aung
and his group. It rejects writings which give knowledge to the group of
Myanmar people. It broadcast lies.
It broadcast false news and invented news, thereby insulting listeners.
Stories are manufactured on the basis of gossip under the name of an
article writer. The rowdy persons are brazenly abusing SBS Myanmar
programme. They do not pay any regard to the group of Myanmar people.
They are carrying out activities which tarnish the pride and prestige
of the group of Myanmar people. It is the duty of the group of Myanmar
people in Sydney to put the right man in the right place of SBS Myanmar
Author : Maung Sydney ( Australia)
The Burma Fund: Position Announcement--Program Assistant - DC
Position Announcement - Program Assistant, Washington D.C.
Please check the following URLs for complete information:
Karen Human Rights Group: KHRG releases largest set of SPDC orders to
June 25, 2001
The most recent Karen Human Rights Group report, SPDC & DKBA Orders to
Villages: Set 2001-A, is now online at www.khrg.org . This report
presents direct translations of over 500 SPDC order documents and
letters sent to villages by SPDC military units and authorities in 6
different regions from late 1999 through January 2001. It is by far
the largest order set yet published by KHRG, showing that in the rural
areas there has been no abatement whatsoever in the SPDC's repression of
the civilian population. Over 300 of the orders contain demands for
forced labour, negating the SPDC's claims to have put a stop to the
practice. Others were used to restrict the movements and activities of
villagers, demand crop quotas, extortion money, food and building
materials without payment, and order villagers to cooperate with SPDC
occupation troops in several different ways. Many of them threaten to
arrest and detain village elders, shell villages with mortar fire, shoot
villagers, or pillage, burn or relocate villages if they fail to comply.
This report, our longest in almost 10 years of human rights
documentation, is part of KHRG's ongoing project to translate and
publish these orders as evidence (previous sets can be seen in "SPDC &
DKBA Orders to Villages: Set 2000-B" and other earlier reports); even as
it went to print, we had already obtained over 300 newer order documents
which we are currently processing for upcoming release.
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