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BurmaNet News: May 14, 2001

______________ THE BURMANET NEWS ______________
        An on-line newspaper covering Burma 
         May 14, 2001   Issue # 1807
______________ www.burmanet.org _______________

*Myanmar Times: City ban on motorbikes   

MONEY _______
*Irrawaddy: Electricity Woes Continue
*Asia Times: Myanmar barred from EU initiative

*AP: Myanmar asks Thailand to vacate border outposts, threatens action 

*AFP: Drug factories or farms -- Myanmar's infamous "drug city"

*AFP: Thai-Myanmar relations normalise ahead of Thaksin visit to Yangon 
*The Nation: Statue goes ahead

*The New light of Myanmar: Undeniable Thai aggression   
*Myanmar Times: S-1 indicates reconciliation talks are ?moving ahead?

*Monnet: Mon-English Dictionary to be Published

__________________ INSIDE BURMA ____________________

Myanmar Times: City ban on motorbikes   

May 7-13 2001

UNDER new road regulations, privately-owned motorbikes will not be 
allowed on the streets of Yangon from next year. An official from the 
Vehicles Registration department said they have been refusing to 
re-register motorcycle licences since the beginning of 2000, except for 
those owned by the Government. "The new regulation to banish motorbikes 
from the capital?s streets is due to the number of casualties as a 
result of car and motorbikes collisions. Many involve young people, 
especially youths," he said. An official from the Yangon traffic police 
said, "Since enforcing the ban, the number of casualties resulting from 
car and motorbike accidents has considerably been reduced." This 
statement was backed up by figures issued by the Yangon Traffic Police 
Department, which showed a reduction in collisions, from 809 in 1999 to 
267 in 2000. Tough penalties have been imposed for those who ignore the 
new regulation. Owners can face a minimum fine of K10,000 and have their 
motorbikes confiscated for six months. 

The majority of Yangon?s bike owners reacted with surprise at the 
expulsion order, and as a result will be forced to sell their beloved 
machines. Owners of the more powerful bikes, ranging from 250cc up to 
1000cc will suffer the worst under the new scheme, as there is less 
demand for them outside the capital. "I will suffer a double loss in 
terms of money and sentimentality. For small motor bikes like a Super 
Cub or Dream, there is no problem re-selling them as there is a big 
market for them in Mandalay," said an owner of a large bike. However, he 
remained hopeful the Government would make a change regarding the 
regulation. Despite the regulation, bike prices of exceptional models 
continue to climb, especially Japanese-made Kawasakis. A dealer in 
Yankin received K1.2m recently for a Kawasaki, which cost at K700,000 in 


Irrawaddy: Electricity Woes Continue

May 11 2001

By Ko Thet

May 11 -- After undergoing an unprecedented electricity shortage last 
April, the Office of the Ministry of Electricity Power is planning to 
double the price of electricity from 25 kyat to 50 kyat per unity of 
electricity, according to a source in the Ministry.

Burma is facing an energy supply problem. Already several townships in 
Rangoon have had their ration of electricity cut from a half day to 2 or 
3 hours. But consumers, particularly businessmen are pessimistic that 
the raise in rates will solve the problem. "I am not optimistic with the 
possible recommended electricity plan even though we have to pay double 
cost for having electricity on a regular basis. In mid-1999, the charge 
rose to 25 kyat from 5 kyat per unit of electricity. We received regular 
electricity for only three or four months and went back to the same old 
shortage", said a local businessman in Dagon Satellite township of 
Rangoon. Some medium-sized factories have suspended production because 
they could not cover the cost. 

But many factory owners in the Industrialized Zones are more concerned 
about receiving energy on a regular basis than with increased rates. "We 
can not rely on diesel generator to meet the electricity in the long 
run. The price of diesel fuel also has jumped to 750 kyat from 550 kyat 
per gallon. It makes the production cost higher and in fact it does not 
work", said one businessman from Shwe Pyi Thar Industrial Zones. 

However, relief appears to be on the way. In the late April, the 
Japanese government approved an aid package worth $ 28 million for the 
reconstruction of turbines for the Lawpita hydropower dam in the Kayah 
[Karenni] State. The dam, which was built in 1952 by Japanese engineers 
and paid by funds from Japan?s war indemnity, spans the Bi Loo River. It 
is one of the most important sources for electricity in Burma. Its 
efficiency has deteriorated over time, as it was not properly 
maintained. Repairs should imporve its capacity. 


Asia Times: Myanmar barred from EU initiative

 May 12, 2001.

BRUSSELS - Diplomats from developing countries have expressed surprise 
over the decision of the 15-member European Union (EU) to exclude 
Myanmar from its promise of duty-free market access to the world's 49 
least developed countries (LDCs) because of human rights violations.  
Ambassador Anwarul Chowdhury of Bangladesh said from Brussels on 
Thursday that the caucus of developing countries had not been informed 
of the EU's decision to exclude Myanmar from its "Everything But Arms" 
(EBA) initiative to help the world's poorest nations. He said the matter 
would be taken up at a meeting of diplomats from developing countries in 
Brussels on Friday. Chowdhury is United Nations coordinator of the 49 
LDCs that are the focus of the third UN Conference on Least Developed 
Countries to be held in Brussels May 14-20.  

Richard Wyatt, acting chief of the European Commission delegation to the 
UN, insisted on Wednesday that the EU's decision to bar Myanmar was not 
really an attempt to restrict imports from countries because of the 
nature of their political regime. "But in extreme circumstances, there 
can be situations in which certain countries could be excluded from the 
benefits of our preference scheme," he noted.  

The EU decided to adopt the new initiative last March, agreeing to give 
full duty-free and quota-free market access for all products, other than 
weapons, originating from LDCs. The 49 LDCs, described as the poorest of 
the world's poor, range from Afghanistan and Ethiopia to Myanmar and 
Zambia. Although the general EBA principle is one of non-discrimination, 
Myanmar has been blacklisted by the EU and will, therefore, not benefit 
from the initiative. Asked if this is due to human rights abuses, Wyatt 
said, "We are very concerned about human rights violations. It is a very 
important issue for us. We hope the situation in Myanmar will improve so 
that they too can benefit subsequently from our initiative." Wyatt 
insisted that Myanmar was an "exception". "The general principle is one 
of non-discrimination," he said.  

Asked if the EU will have dealings with Afghanistan, another LDC accused 
of violating human rights, Wyatt said he said was not sure whether the 
Taliban regime would be formally excluded from the EU scheme. "There is 
a legal government there which is not practically in charge of most of 
the country and with whom we have no particular quarrel," he said, "And 
so that accounts for that situation. It is a very complex problem." One 
of the world's poorest countries outside Africa, Afghanistan is still 
struggling to recover from the devastation caused by the 14-year Soviet 
occupation which ended in February 1989.  

Although the EU has not laid down any conditions - abhorrent to most 
aid-dependent developing nations - it has identified six key themes as a 
guide for its discussions with the LDCs at the Brussels meeting. The 
first theme advocates good governance, social stability, democracy, 
respect for human rights and gender equality; the second, investing in 
people and basic social infrastructure; third, environmental protection, 
sustainable natural resources management, food and food security; 
fourth, enhancing productive capacity, including the development of 
transport and communications infrastructure; fifth, international trade, 
commodities and services; and sixth, financing growth and development.  
Meanwhile, delegates attending the Brussels conference will discuss, 
among other things, the EBA trade preference system. UN 
Secretary-General Kofi Annan has already praised the EU for its EBA 
initiative. To reach this decision, he said, Europe's leaders had to 
overcome resistance from powerful producer lobbies within the EU. "They 
also had to reassure African, Caribbean and Pacific countries - which at 
present enjoy preferential access to the EU market - that they would not 
suffer unduly from concessions made to other LDCs," he said. Even though 
the EBA will not resolve most of the poverty-related problems facing 
LDCs, "market access is a crucial first step". Annan said that as a 
logical follow-up, other industrial nations, including the United 
States, Japan, and Canada, should follow Europe's lead. The 
secretary-general also criticized industrial countries for practicing 
protectionist policies while preaching the virtues of free and fair 

The criteria for inclusion in the list of LDCs are: a population of less 
than 75 million; per capita gross domestic product of less than US$900; 
an Augmented Physical Quality of Life Index (combining health, nutrition 
and education) of less than 59; and an Economic Vulnerability Index of 
less than 36. Since 1971, when the General Assembly designated 24 
nations as LDCs, the numbers have continued to increase, reaching 49 in 
early April. Of the 49 LDCs, 34 are from Africa, nine from Asia, five 
from the Pacific and one from the Caribbean. 


AP: Myanmar asks Thailand to vacate border outposts, threatens action 

BANGKOK, Thailand (AP) _ Myanmar has asked Thai troops to withdraw from 
35 border outposts that it said were erected on its soil, and threatened 
to use force to reclaim the land, officials said Monday. 

 But Thailand told Myanmar that its troops were on Thai soil and would 
not withdraw, Maj. Gen. Somboonkiat Sitthidecha, the deputy commander of 
the Third Army in northern Thailand, told reporters. 
 The saber rattling is expected to further raise tensions between the 
two neighbors whose relations have sunk to their lowest point in years 
after a series of border skirmishes. Their disputes are over border 
demarcation, activities of ethnic guerrillas and drug smuggling. 

 Somboonkiat said the Myanmar border committee sent a protest letter to 
its Thai counterpart, claiming that at least 35 Thai border outposts had 
encroached into Myanmar territory. 

 ``But it is not true and we will not pull out as they demand,'' 
Somboonkiat said
 He said the Myanmar letter warned that if Thailand did not withdraw, it 
would use force to reclaim the territory. 

 The outposts are along more than 160 kilometers (100 miles) of the 
border between Chiangmai and Chiangrai provinces. 

 Meanwhile, Defense Minister Chavalit Yongchaiyudh told reporters Monday 
that Thailand will try to resolve its border problems diplomatically 
``in order to preserve good relations.'' 

 But ``whenever there is violation of sovereignty, the army will use 
extensive force to settle the problem,'' Chavalit said after chairing a 
special meeting of the National Security Council. 

 The comments were apparently aimed at dispelling recent speculation in 
the local media that Chavalit does not see eye to eye with the army, 
which advocates a hard-line stand. 

 Chavalit, who is known to be friends with the generals in Myanmar's 
military junta, has preferred more restraint on the border issue. 

 The Thai army accuses Myanmar forces and allied ethnic armies of 
regularly intruding into its territory to secure strategic hills in 
their fight against guerrillas seeking autonomy.
 The Thai army said last week it drove out a group of pro-Yangon ethnic 
fighters from one such hill, drawing widespread media praise. However, 
Chavalit's efforts to prevent Thai army actions have been widely 

 Myanmar says the strategic hills are disputed and not under Thai 
sovereignty. Myanmar also accuses Thailand of aiding the guerrillas by 
providing them fire cover, which Thailand denies. 

 Adding to the bad blood is the Thai accusation that Myanmar does little 
to stop the production and smuggling of methamphetamine drugs from its 
territory by the United Wa State Army. 

 The Wa army signed a cease-fire with Myanmar in 1989 and now enjoys 
virtual autonomy in the Shan state's areas along the border. Thailand 
and the United States say it has been given a free hand in its area. 
2001-05-14 Mon 02:51 


AFP: Drug factories or farms -- Myanmar's infamous "drug city" 

MONG YAWN, Myanmar, May 14 (AFP) - Riding in a pickup truck crowded with 
fellow soldiers from the United Wa State Army (UWSA), Ni Sa looks out 
over a green expanse of rice fields and shakes his head in bewilderment.
 "They are only rice fields, no poppies. After 1995 we gave up the 
poppy," says 25-year-old Ni Sa, a UWSA battalion chief born in this 
village two miles (about three kilometres) from the Thai border that has 
long been considered a hub for regional drug production. 
 But Myanmar's military government and the UWSA, a Myanmar-allied ethnic 
Wa militia, insist that Mong Yawn is free of illicit narcotics, 
particularly the amphetamines which have flooded the region and outpaced 
opiates as the drug of choice in recent years. 

 Neighboring Thailand has accused Mong Yawn of playing host to numerous 
amphetamine factories that supply a booming trade in Thailand, to which 
an estimated 700 million tablets will be shuttled by cross-border 
traffickers this year. 

 Accusations over illicit drugs and skirmishing among ethnic militias 
along the rugged border region have recently touched off a bitter row 
between the countries, which are historical enemies.
 In February, fighting between the Wa and the rival Shan State Army, 
which reputedly has the backing of the Thai military, prompted the first 
clash in years between the two national armies.
 Since then the uneasy neighbors have traded barbs over who is 
responsible for the heroin and methamphetamine factories that flourish 
along the ill-defined mountainous border. 

 In the latest dispute, Myanmar and UWSA officials say a Thai F-16 
fighter jet fired two rockets near Mong Yawn late last week, wounding 
several of their troops. Thailand says the jet was flying surveillance 
and merely triggered a sonic boom. 

 Mong Yawn, located two miles from the Thai border in Myanmar's Shan 
State, was once a stronghold of drug lord Khun Sa, who surrendered 
peacefully to the Myanmar junta in 1996, and an acknowledged center for 
poppy cultivation. 

 But Myanmar and the UWSA, who invited journalists and delegates from 
six Asian countries to visit the dusty border town following a 
UN-sponsored narcotics control meeting in Yangon last week, say times 
have changed. 
 UWSA special commander Khimmaung Myint said Mong Yawn is simply a 
fast-developing village with new hydroelectric plants and brick 
buildings springing up by the day, evidence of the Wa's new prosperity 
from legal businesses, crop substitution programs and government 

 "We are determined to develop this area from a small village to a 
city...we have brick buildings where there had been small huts before," 
Khimmaung said. "(Thailand) is claiming these constructions are for the 
purpose of creating amphetamines." 

 "If it's going to be like that, it's like hate propaganda," he said. 

 Khimmaung, Myanmar officers and heavily armed Wa soldiers on Saturday 
guided delegates from Cambodia, China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and 
Vietnam and journalists through the town to "see for yourselves" the 
reputed dark heart of Mong Yawn. 

 In a carefully orchestrated tour, visitors were taken to a freshly 
installed hydroelectric plant that Myanmar officials said Thailand had 
incorrectly identified from satellite pictures as one of 38 amphetamine 
factories in the area. 

 Fruit plantations, rice storehouses and a pig farm were other 
enterprises that officials said demonstrated that the Wa -- the first 
insurgent minority to sign a peace agreement with the Myanmar junta in 
1989 -- were no longer dependent on illicit narcotics but had found 
wholesome alternative sources of income. 

 "We don't want to fight anymore, but if (the Thais) try to say all the 
Wa race are involved in this drug business and this place is still seen 
as the drug production area...we will defend ourselves to the last man," 
he said. 

 But prior to 1996, drug trafficking was a reality in Mong Yawn, 
Khimmaung conceded. 

 "It is undeniable that some actions related to drug trafficking had 
taken place in this area. Some of our people are suffering from this 
drug menace," he said. 
 "But the Wa people in the area will take a pledge before you and the 
international community that they will not be involved in drug 
activities," Khimmaung said. 

 He added that a contingent of Wa loyal to Khun Sa known as the Wa 
National Army had broken away and were responsible for any trafficking 
and production today. 
 Mong Yawn's streets are lined with crisp concrete and brick buildings 
as well as scaffolded construction sites, all standing under the 
unflinching watch of youthful UWSA troops brandishing automatic rifles 
and rocket launchers. 

 Many of the Wa in Mong Yawn are ethnic Chinese, and Myanmar officials 
say the income that has subsidised the large-scale development in the 
village has come from natural resource concessions near China. 
 "Their primary source of income is from government concessions -- 
timber, minerals, precious stones -- particularly rubies -- and jade," 
Myanmar's Lieutenant-Colonel Kyaw Thein told AFP.
 The Wa also profit from one of the biggest zinc and tungsten mines near 
the Chinese border in Myanmar, the Longthan mine, he said. 

 While questions about Mong Yawn's economic foundation swirled during 
the tour, just access to the mysterious town alleged to be a wellspring 
of illicit narcotics was marked as a change.
 "We had closed our doors in order to develop this area...But now our 
policy has changed because we understand that if we don't explain things 
to people they will think this and that," Khimmaung said. 
 The visit to Mong Yawn came on the heels of an anti-drug meeting in 
Yangon sponsored by the UN International Drug Control Programme (UNDCP) 
where government ministers from six Asian nations approved UN plans to 
restrict drug "precursor" chemicals used to manufacture amphetamines. 

 China, which recently signed a tripartite agreement with Thailand and 
Myanmar to fight drug trafficking along their borders, was cited with 
India as a major source of the precursor chemicals. 

 They also agreed to launch programs in vulnerable neighboring 
countries, including Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines. 

 The six Asian nations are all signatories to a 1993 pact which bound 
them to work together in the war on drugs by reducing demand, boosting 
law enforcement and encouraging crop substitution. 

 Collectively they were responsible for more than 75 percent of the 
world's amphetamine seizures last year, up from 22 percent a decade ago, 
with China and Myanmar the major culprits. 

___________________ REGIONAL/INTERNATIONAL___________________

AFP: Thai-Myanmar relations normalise ahead of Thaksin visit to Yangon 

BANGKOK, May 14 (AFP) - Relations between Thailand and Myanmar are back 
on track after a bitter row in which Bangkok and Yangon accused each 
other of involvement in the international drugs trade, Thai Defence 
Minister Chavalit Yongchaiyudh said Monday. 

 Chavalit said a high level visit to Yangon by Thai officials had paved 
the way for a long-delayed visit to Yangon by Prime Minister Thaksin 
Shinawatra at a date yet to be agreed on by both sides. 

 "The talks between Thailand and Myanmar went well. The situation is 
back to normal to a level that the prime minister can visit there," he 
told reporters. 

 "The foreign ministry has yet to finalise the date (for the visit). 
There may be further disagreements but we will solve them by 

 Officials said Thaksin would likely visit Yangon later this month or 
early in June to sign a bilateral cooperation agreement on curbing the 
international trade in illicit narcotics, namely heroin, opium and 

 That visit will take place after a scheduled visit to Bangkok by 
Myanmar's Foreign Minister Win Aung later this month. 

 Accusations over illicit drugs and skirmishing among ethnic militias 
along the rugged border touched off a bitter row between the countries, 
which are historical enemies. 
 In February, fighting between an ethnic Wa force with close ties to 
Yangon and the rival Shan State Army, which reputedly has the backing of 
the Thai military, prompted the first clash in years between the two 
national armies. 

 Since then, the uneasy neighbors have traded barbs over who is 
responsible for heroin and methamphetamine factories that flourish along 
the ill-defined mountainous border. 
 In the latest dispute, Myanmar's junta and United Wa State Army (USWA) 
officials say a Thai F-16 fighter jet fired two rockets near the Myanmar 
town of Mong Yawn last week, wounding several of their troops. 

 Thailand says the jet was flying surveillance and triggered a sonic 
 Ministers from six Asian nations signed an agreement to boost 
cooperation in stamping out the regional narcotics trade in Yangon last 

 Following two days of meetings between senior officials from Cambodia, 
China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam, the ministers approved UN 
plans to restrict the flow of drug ingredients and launch programs in 
vulnerable neighboring countries. 
 The ministers meet every two years to evaluate the progress of 
cross-border anti-narcotics projects and approve new initiatives devised 
by the United Nations Drugs Control Programme. 

 Collectively they were responsible for more than 75 percent of the 
world's amphetamine seizures last year, up from 22 percent a decade ago, 
with China and Myanmar the major culprits. 

 Myanmar and Afghanistan produce the bulk of the world's heroin which is 
made from opium. 


The Nation: Statue goes ahead

 May 12, 2001.

Plans to build a monument of King Naresuan in the Mae Sai border 
district of Chiang Rai are going ahead despite warnings by locals that 
it will only spark more hostility between Thailand and Burma.  

The base of the monument, measuring 19 by 26 metres, has already been 
built at Mae Sai, just three kilometres from the border.  

The project has been initiated by Third Army Region Commander, Lt 
General Wattanachai Chaimuenwong, who has been openly hostile towards 
The budget allocated for the monument is only Bt100,000, but donations 
from contributors add up to between Bt25 million and Bt30 million.  

The statue will depict King Naresuan, the warrior who freed Thailand 
from Burma, on a horse brandishing a sword, ready to launch himself at 
the enemy.


The New light of Myanmar (SPDC): Undeniable Thai aggression

[BurmaNet adds?According to press accounts and comments by junta members 
close to Lt. Gen. Khin Nyunt, The New Light is controlled by and 
reflects the views of the so called hardline faction led by Gen. Maung 

Monday, 14 May, 2001 

Since the beginning of 2001, the Thai army has made incursions into the  
territory of Myanmar. In February, using a Thailand-based small group of 
SURA  Shan insurgents led by Ywet Sit, Thailand has invaded. During the 
last week  of April, about 200 Thai soldiers, in cooperation with Ywet 
Sit's group,  attacked Pachee Outpost of Myanma Tatmadaw near 
PungpaHkyem in Mongton  Township. The facts have been stated clearly in 
the news report of the Press  Conference and articles. 
At the same time, Ywet Sit's SURA opium insurgents and Bangkok-based KNU 
 attacked BP Camp to the east of Shan State at the border and Myawady in 
Kayin  State, enlisting the help of the Thai army. Myanmar officials 
protested the  their invasion into the territory of Myanmar with the 
help of the Thai army  and with the use of the territory of Thailand.  

At 8.15 pm on 23-4-2001, BBC from London broadcast a news report. 
According  to that news report, Thailand said that Myanmar sent a letter 
of protest to  Thailand for the attack launched by KNU on a Buddhist 
Kayin group called DKBA  which is working for the prevalence of peace 
and tranquillity, regional  development and interests of the race, 
religion and the Sasana; in response  to the protest of Myanmar side, 
Thai side said that in the policy of Thailand  it is explicitly stated 
that any armed organizations are not allowed to  attack the neighbouring 
nations, using the territory of Thailand; the  incidents are only the 
internal affairs of Myanmar, and they happened only  inside the 
territory of Myanmar; Thai officials said that Thai side had no  
responsibility for these incidents. That BBC news report also said that  
Myanmar sent a letter of protest to Chairman of Border Committee on the 
side  of Thailand Col Chaina Run Htannarun.  
The words of Thailand are " very nice." Any armed organizations are not  
allowed to attack the neighbouring nations, using the territory of 
Thailand.  These words are " very very nice." In practice, their act 
does not comply  with that so-called policy. It has transgressed the 
limits. An article writer  has written about the definite addresses and 
telephone numbers of KNU Bo Mya  and persons ranging from the central 
level to the grassroots level and how  they are living there in luxury 
and style. 

  Similarly, Ywet Sit's SURA opium group, Wa opium group of Maha San and 
 opium and timber trafficking group called KNPP have been living grandly 
in  Chiang Mai and Bangkok. The number of persons of Ywet Sit's group 
was a few.  One hour after three truck loads of members of Ywet Sit's 
group and Thai  soldiers arrived at a Thai camp (about 50 miles away 
from Pachee), they  attacked Pachee Outpost. There was firing from the 
camp of the Thai army. The  way was shown with the beam of searchlights 
coming from it. Ywet Sit's group  has been allowed in the territory of 
Thailand. They entered the Thai army  camp and cooperated in firing at 
the side of Myanmar. However hard persons of  the Thai army or Thai 
border committee have denied it, it is evident that  insurgents have 
been allowed in the territory of Thailand and the Thai army  not only 
took part in the attack but also get insurgents to attack Myanmar. I  
would like to say, " Don't try to hide a carcass of a buffalo with a 
skin of  a rat." 

  As the Thai side said that the attack of KNU on DKBA in Myawady and 
the  attack of Ywet Sit's SURA group on Pachee Outpost (together with 
the Thais)  took place on the land of Myanmar, it is tantamount to the 
fact that Thailand  admits that KNUs and SURAs in Thailand entered and 
attacked Myanmar. When  Pachee outpost was attacked, the attack was 
launched not from the rear  (Myanmar side) of Myanma Tatmadaw Outpost 
but from the front or the opposite  of Thailand. It is evident that they 
came from the territory of Thailand and  invaded. 

  On the day when the attack on Pachee Outpost was launched, opium 
insurgent  Ywet Sit himself was seen speaking with bravado on Thai TV. 
Even this fact  shows that Ywet Sit is on the Thai side. Ywet Sit's 
group attacked E-7  hillock, taking support firing of the Thai army. It 
is obvious that at that  time, they fired from Aungzeya Hillock on the 
side of Maesai, Thailand.    With regard to those who planted bombs at 
Kaba Aye Maha Pasana Cave where  the Buddha's Tooth Relic was kept for 
public obeisance, those who planted  bombs at Yangon City Hall and 
Thanlyin Oil Refinery and those who planted  mines, exploded bombs and 
killed innocent civilian people in Myawady,  Mawlamyine, Hpa-an, 
Kyaukkyi and Tachilek, there is a lot of evidence which  shows that they 
came through Thailand. It is common knowledge that they have  come to 
attack Myanmar and run back into Thailand if they have been defeated.  
However, they are saying that the Thai policy does not allow any armed  
organizations to use the territory of Thailand and to attack 
neighbouring  nations. 

It is like a song " How wonderful it is! Believe it or not". I would  
like to burst out singing "At the railway station, ships are moored. The 
 aeroplane is hit with a stone. What a wonderful world. Believe it or 
not."  They should have spoken with reserve. If they do not abide by 
their policy  which they have laid down, who is going to do so? The 
proverb which says "  While one is mouthing prayers, one's hands are 
doing immoral acts" has  emerged for hypocrites. The history of Laos, 
that of Cambodia, that of  Vietnam and that of Myanmar evince how 
wickedly the unscrupulous group on the  side of Thailand invaded and 
attacked neighbouring nations.   At present, as for Myanmar, Thailand 
has not behaved as a good neighbouring  nation. Myanmar was under 
colonial rule for over one hundred years and  insurgency arose for over 
forty years. In this decade, Myanmar has attempted  to restore peace 
first and then it has been working for national development  day and 
night. Considerable success has been achieved. 

Due to efforts made by  a great national force  the Tatmadaw, the people 
and the government  with  national political conviction in the interests 
of the nation, tasks  benefiting the nation have emerged. Those who 
could not bear to see these  achievements (who could not rejoice at the 
development of Myanmar) are  attempting to disturb Myanmar through 
various ways and means.   It is very deplorable to see that among those 
who are disturbing Myanmar out  of ill will are some groups from 
Thailand. They have accepted, bred and used  destructive forces from 
Myanmar. In connivance with foreign interfering  forces, they have 
attempted to pick up a fight with Myanmar. Accepting  narcotic drug 
producers and traffickers and turning a blind eye on the fact  that 
millions of citizens of their nation are using over 800 million  
stimulant tablets (Yaba) every year, they have flung preposterous 
accusations  about narcotic drugs against Myanmar, which is working for 
eradication of  narcotic drugs day and night.  

(to be continued) 

  Author :U Paya Kyaw 


Myanmar Times: S-1 indicates reconciliation talks are ?moving ahead?
[BurmaNet adds?The Myanmar Times reflects the view of and is possibly 
controlled/owned by Lt. Gen Khin Nyunt and the Office of Strategic 

May 7-13, 2001

IN a move to dispel international speculation, SPDC Secretary-1, Lt-Gen 
Khin Nyunt told visiting Thai Foreign Minister Surakiart Sathirathai 
that talks between the Government and NLD leader Daw Aung San Suu Kyi 
were moving ahead. The Thai FM gave his comment in a press briefing in 
Yangon on May 2 shortly after his meeting with Secretary-1 on the final 
day of his four-day talks with Myanmar government officials. Mr 
Sathirathai was in Yangon from April 29 to May 2 attending an ASEAN 
Foreign Ministers? informal get-together in the capital. Earlier, 
Foreign Minister U Win Aung denied reports of a slowdown in the pace of 
ongoing national reconciliation talks. At a press conference, he 
addressed diplomatic community denying the suggestions that the talks 
had "stalled". "I?m afraid that this process, an internal process, is 
very much confidential. When it is said this process is stalled, it is 
not correct," he said. "We hope this process, which is very complex and 
delicate, should be left ?un-discussed? right now."But Minister U Win 
Aung informed the press that Myanmar?s current political process was an 
area of interest during the three hours of ASEAN talks. "When we touched 
upon the various issues facing the region, the situation in Myanmar was 
discussed. I informed my colleagues what is happening in the country and 
what kind of process is going on," he said. 
Foreign Minister U Win Aung fields questions from the press last week 
He said other ASEAN Minister were informed of the process and up to now 
it still remained a confidential matter, "and we are keeping it that 
way." Meanwhile, ASEAN Ministers expressed optimism on the process of 
political dialogue in Myanmar. Thailand?s Dr Surakiart Sathirathai said 
"Thai government supports the national reconciliation process and we 
agreed that the contents of the discussions should be kept confidential. 
We agree that foreign countries should not intervene in the process".
The Malaysian Foreign Minister Syed Hamid Albar stressed that fledgling 
talks, which may pave the way for an historic official dialogue between 
the two sides, must not be exposed to the glare of public scrutiny. "We 
would like to see Myanmar do what it considers appropriate. They have 
done it in their own way and at their own pace, outside the domain of 
publicity and interference by anyone else," he said. The Foreign 
Minister dismissed a suggestion as to whether the Japanese aid of US$29 
million was a "carrot" for the start dialogue with the NLD "An internal 
process is our business, our own process. We are not playing games for 
the sake of a public relations stunt, this is for the sake of 52 million 
people of Myanmar.
"And we don?t play games. If we had wanted to play games we might have 
done that a long time ago. We are a simple, honest people," he said. He 
said since the process of dialogue started, confrontation has stopped 
between the two sides. "So you can detect from what you see, the 
indicators are there, and they are good," he said. He said the SPDC "has 
been very firm and consistent. They offered an olive branch a long, long 
time ago". The change of heart from the NLD side has prompted both sides 
to start talking after years of political deadlock between the two 
sides. "Perceptions and ideas can be changed. You cannot grasp one thing 
for a long time. You need to adjust with the situation," he said. In the 
joint press briefing with the current ASEAN Standing Committee Chairman, 
Vietnam?s Foreign Minister Nguyen Dy Nien, U Win Aung also stressed that 
one of the most important issues discussed at the Yangon meeting was 
ASEAN integration and narcotic drug eradication from the region by 2014. 
The Minister U Win Aung said that the Sen-Gen Than Shwe had urged the 
ten ASEAN foreign Ministers to strive for ASEAN integration and 
cooperation when they met with Myanmar?s Head of State before holding 
their talks at the exclusive Pun Hlaing Golf Resort. Both FMs hailed the 
Yangon meeting, the first such Foreign Ministerial Retreat, as "fruitful 
and useful". But U Wing Aung said, "This meeting is not to make any 
specific decision as in our formal meetings no declaration, no 
resolution was made. It was about exchange of views," he said.


Monnet: Mon-English Dictionary to be Published

[Compiled from posting to Monnet mailing list]

The first Mon-English dictionary will be published in May 2001.  It is 
authored by  Nai Tun Way, (BA in History), the author of the several Mon 
dictionaries including Mon-Burmese dictionary.  The dictionary is 1367 
pages and is published by TECH Promotion & Advertising Co." Bangkok. 
It?s cost in Thailand is 500 baht.  Nai Tun Way has been writing Mon 
dictionaries for decades. His first dictionary Mon-Burmese was published 
in 1977 in Rangoon.


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