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Saturday November 21 1998

High-velocity bullets killed students 

Doctors have found metal bullet fragments in the bodies of students killed by
troops during bloody street protests last week. 
The military has launched an investigation into allegations that its soldiers
disobeyed top-level orders and opened fire with live rounds. 
Fragments from "high-velocity" bullets were found in the bodies of seven
students killed during rioting in which 16 people died, said Dr Mun'im Idries
of the state-run Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, where post mortem examinations
were carried out. 
"The bullets were small in diameter but produced fatalities," Dr Idries told
the Jakarta Post. 
Budi Sampurna, head of the hospital's forensic department, said the fragments
had been handed over to military investigators. 
Armed forces chief General Wiranto ordered an investigation to determine how
the deaths occurred despite live ammunition being banned during last week's
clashes, said Wayan Karya, spokesman for the Political and Security Affairs
Meanwhile angry students punched and kicked a cabinet minister after invading
a provincial airport where a number of government officials were holding a
meeting on Thursday, the Kompas newspaper reported. 
It said bodyguards rescued Agriculture Minister Soleh Solahuddin from a mob of
students in Padang. 
The minister later met the students, who demanded the military be removed from
government and that General Wiranto resign. 
Students have kept up their protests in the wake of the killings. 
Yesterday several hundred students gathered peacefully at a park just east of
the National Monument in Jakarta and demanded greater democratic change.
Dozens of security personnel looked on. 
Earlier at Atma Jaya Catholic University, the scene of the worst violence a
week ago, about 500 students, families and staff celebrated Mass for the dead.
Jakarta police spokesman Edward Aritonang said 70 people would be tried on
charges related to looting which was triggered by last week's student clashes.
On Thursday, about 3,000 students demanded that ex-president Suharto be hanged
and his wealth seized after soldiers stopped them from marching on his house. 
Kompas reported that offices and cars were burned in two separate riots in
South Sumatra province. 
A shrimp hatchery near Bandar Lampung was ransacked by about 1,000 people,
while 2,500 more rampaged through a hatchery in nearby Mesuji, police told the

Saturday November 21 1998

Pro-democracy activists find support growing 

Hetty Malik stands at the gates of Jakarta's Atma Jaya University, recalling
how the euphoria of a 3,000-strong pro-democracy protest degenerated into the
panic of street battles after soldiers opened fire on students. 
Eight students died in the melee last week. Bloody rioting and looting in
other parts of the city killed at least eight more, including members of the
In a gentle tropical rain, she watches supporters leave messages swearing to
continue the protests until Indonesian President Bacharuddin Habibie is
toppled - just as students led the struggle to force his predecessor, Suharto,
out of office. 
"It is a great tragedy," the diminutive 20-year-old English language student
says. "The killing must stop." 
The deaths sent shock waves through the student movement, which is driving
Indonesia's fledgling democracy movement. 
Mr Suharto stepped down in May, but the students and Mr Habibie's detractors
say his rule is little different from Mr Suharto's. 
On the pavement outside Atma Jaya, commuters and passers-by crouch over a
white banner, writing messages of condolence and support for the dead
"Your lives were taken for reform. This will not be forgotten," reads one.
"Keep on struggling to destroy the evil of the nation," said another. Wreathes
of palm fronds and flowers stand nearby. 
At the gates of the Parliament other students placed paper roses at the feet
of riot police who, armed with sticks and shields, prevented their entry. 
At other ceremonies, students raised their fists and bowed their heads in
prayer before taking to the streets again. 
"None of us are afraid of the soldiers," Arif Rachman, a protest organiser
"We are getting stronger now because of the killing of our colleagues." 
Workers come out of the office towers in Jakarta's business district to clap
and shout messages of support during rallies. Drivers sound their horns and
In St Carolus Hospital in central Jakarta, Engkus Kusnadi is kept alive by
artificial respiration and intravenous feeding devices. 
Unable to eat or speak and unaware of his surroundings, the 19-year-old
architecture student was beaten by police during the violence at Atma Jaya,
his friends said. 
His father said it was the first time his son had joined in a protest.