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third part & last 


 Second day, January 7:

  We chose all the five villages ourselves for visiting. The previous
 day this had been impossible because of the need to arrange trips the
 previous evening. However, as mentioned previously, one visiting
 Harvard professor in our group requested a village of her choice and
 we added that to the number to be visited. We were concerned to visit
 one or two villages where the dominant community (the Burmese) had
 the largest numbers, but where there was a substantial number of
 tribal people.

  Zimba: We arrived as Sports Day was going on, which generated great
 interest among the men, women and children, who all participated in
 the sports. Prizes furnished by TOTAL were distributed to the
 winners. Sports Day gave us a chance to meet many people quickly. The
 Village Communications Committee was composed of ten persons, chosen
 because of their interest in the village. The VCC gave pigs to the
 five poorest people. One who got three sows had eight pigs and sold
 five of them for 1,800 each.  Another two got rubber plants. The one
 we talked to got 397 plants. They will produce rubber in five years
 but he did not know where he could sell it. There were eight
 applicants for the rubber trees, but only two showed that they could
 do the required fencing and manuring.  One woman with five children
 got three sows and a cow, which gives milk for the family. She has
 not had piglets yet. One man worked as security guard for the
 project, 12 hours a day. He got 12,240 per month.

  Migyaunglaung: This is divided into two, the East Bank (old village)
 and West Bank. The Army took the people (mostly Karen) out of East
 Bank in 1991 for security reasons and they were given land in West
 Bank. TOTAL, which came much later as people told us, had nothing to
 do with the transfer.

  Beginning in March 1997 people were able to return to East Bank (46
 families of Karens) and rebuilt their homes there, with help from
 TOTAL of 10,000 k. per family.

  In West Bank there were two who got 300 broilers, which grow to
 about 2 kg. For 1.5 kg they get 500 k., selling mainly to Kanbauk.
 They have finished the first phase and bought 300 chickens for the
 second phase from their own profits, after repaying 25% to TOTAL as
 required by the project.

  One safetyman who worked on the project for three months gets 35,000
 per month, with allowances.

  On the East Bank one elderly man who returned last year was born in
 Zimba, but his wife is local. He has four acres which he has planted
 with betel, cashew, coconut, jackfruit and watermelon. He built his
 own house and got 10,000 k. from TOTAL. The Village Communications
 Committee has five from East Bank and three from West Bank.. Almost
 all families got pigs and are now in their fourth phase. One raised
 20 pigs in phase two and sold them for 105,000 k. He opened a saw
 mill with the proceeds. There was a new primary school built by TOTAL
 Every school has a big playing field, where there were signs of
 annual Sports Day. The schools were neat and clean, as were the
 teachers and students.  The pig farm is owned by the collective
 shareholders, whose six members will soon work on rotation
 (previously they hired three persons to do the work).  Pyingyi: The
 Village Communications Committee has nine members, only one of whom
 is illiterate. They have been re-elected three times. They got a
 bonus of 7,000k. from TOTAL last year. They showed us a paper which
 had the composition of the members and their professions, signed by
 all of them except the illiterate one. One young woman expressed her
 eagerness to work on the program.

  Fourteen villagers got pigs; at first, three families got three sows
 each. Five other families got broilers. The village has a large
 enclosed water tank built by TOTAL.

  Phaungdaw: This is a village where the Bamar is predominant, with a
 big percentage of Mon, who all are Buddhist. We met three of the 10
 members of the Village Communications Committee, the first two of
 whom were Mon. There seemed to be complete harmony between the two
 communities. TOTAL renovated a school and made an addition. They also
 repaired the clinic and provided a free doctor.

  The village projects are pig raising, cassava and maize cultivation,
 rubber, nursery and shrimp cultivation. Those who excavated the ponds
 were taken for shrimp culture. More than 55% of the cost went for
 feed, but they are developing a local feed now. One pond was spoiled
 last year through infection.

  Daminseik. This village was by the seashore. Many worked on the
 first length of the pipeline. We spoke to one who worked six months
 and made 60,000 k. per month wrapping the pipes. He was now working
 as a carpenter on a large building of Save the Children (USA). With
 his savings he bought gold for future security. There was a new
 school, which had three teachers, and a clinic with a doctor who had
 his medical degree from Yangon.


       No economic priority shall overrule considerations of health
       and safety at work and respect for the environment

       Each one of us must be aware of his personal responsibility
       regarding health, safety and environment, and must be
       permanently alert to potential risks of accident or pollution
       related to his or her activity

       Criteria involving health, safety and the environment shall be
       evaluated first in all decisions concerning development
       projects and the launching of all new products.

       With public authorities and local communities, the Group shall
       adopt an attitude of openness and constructive dialogue. Beyond
       our global objective of protecting the environment, the Group
       pledges to safeguard the health, safety and quality of life of
       those living or working in the vicinity of our facilities.

       Emergency procedures shall be tested, drilled and updated
       systematically to ensure optimum performance in the event of
       accidental pollution. In such situations the rule shall be open
       information exchange with all partners involved.

       The Group shall select its industrial and commercial partners
       on the basis of their compliance with our rules for health,
       safety and the environment.

       The determination of our group to make permanent progress in
       the field of health, safety and the environment shall manifest
       itself in training programs, consultation and through
       implementation of internal and external audits.

       Compliance with the principles involving health, safety and the
       environment shall be an important element in the performance
       evaluation of each member of our Group, and most importantly of
       all Group members with management responsibilities.


       In Myanmar as in every country where TOTAL operates, compliance

       Therefore, the following principles will be ensured:

       To treat everyone fairly and with respect, to offer equal
       employment opportunities, to make sure that the wages are fair
       and working conditions are safe, to respect the culture and
       tradition of the local communities.

       To inform about the activities planned, to establish a
       meaningful dialog with the local communities, to promote trust
       and understanding.

       To train and develop local employees, to transfer technology
       and expertise, to help improve the quality of life in the
       concerned area.

The TOTAL Corporate Foundation

                                     Current programs

                    In France :

                    * In partnership with Port-Cros National Park and
                    the National Mediterranean Botanic Conservation
                    Center of Porquerolles, the Foundation pursues
                    scientific studies and conservation projects that
                    include :

                    - collections on the island of Porquerolles to
                    preserve vanishing varieties of fruit trees
                    - heritage reserves of endemic plants
                    - seed banks for threatened plant species native
                    to the French Mediterranean area.


                    * In cooperation with the Conservatoire du
                    Littoral, the French agency for the protection of
                    the coastland, the Foundation helps to manage the
                    Etang de Berre (Berre Lagoon) and publishes maps
                    of France's coastal regions illustrating their
                    fauna and flora.

                    Worldwide :

                    The Foundation draws on the Porquerolles
                    Conservation Center's expertise to provide aid in
                    areas of the world where the natural environment
                    is threatened and where the Group's existing
                    structures can contribute most effective support.

                    A few examples :

                    * In Indonesia's rain forest - one of the richest
                    reserves of biodiversity in the world - the
                    Foundation supports ethnobotanic research
                    involving the Dayak tribes. The objective is to
                    study the different plants and herbs these forest
                    dwellers use and to explore new nutritional and
                    medical applications.


                    The Foundation's other achievements in Indonesia
                    include the publication and distribution of an
                    elementary reader to help schoolchildren discover
                    biodiversity while learning to read.

                    * In Thailand, the Total Foundation works together
                    with the Royal Chaipattana Foundation to
                    rehabilitate the mangrove. This program combines
                    "field work" involving the planting of young
                    mangrove shoots as well as local information


                    * In Polynesia, with the Fondation Naturalia
                    Polynesia, the Foundation helps to protect the
                    coral reef ecosystem that offers the local
                    population rich fishing grounds and the basic
                    materials for their traditional tools and artwork.

                    * In South Africa, the Foundation, Total South
                    Africa and the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)
                    supported a program integrating young job-seekers
                    in efforts to protect the local fauna by
                    eliminating invasive plants. The Foundation also
                    participates in the development of an ecotourism

                                     Employee projects

                    Part of the Foundation's budget serves to finance
                    projects proposed by Group employees.

                    Some twenty employee projects have already been
                    sponsored by the Foundation, including the
                    planting of 500 trees to hold back encroaching
                    dunes in Mauritania, an experimental project to
                    grow fig trees in the Lower Alps (Alpes de
                    Haute-Provence), and "nature islands" of trees and
                    plants for a greenery-deprived part of London.

                                  Foundation publications

                    As part of its mission, the Foundation paves the
                    way for future generations by means of various
                    free publications that are designed to grow
                    awareness of the vital importance of environmental
                    conservation and the sustainable use of natural

                    * Illustrated fold-outs that are distributed in
                    large-scale information campaigns but that are all
                    available from the Foundation on request.
                    For the first one - "Diversity is life" - the
                    Foundation printed 500,000 copies in French and
                    200,000 copies in English. In nine pictures and
                    texts, this colourful fold-out explains how
                    biodiversity began, how it became enriched and how
                    it has been managed for 4 billion years.
                    "Cultivons la diversité" (300,000 copies, in
                    French) gives an overview of botanic diversity in
                    its different forms, from genetic diversity to the
                    diversity of the species and landscapes.

                    * Maps of French coastal regions.
                    The first two maps - Normandy and
                    Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur - have already been
                    widely distributed in these two regions.
                    Three more maps will be available by the end of
                    1997 : the Opal Coast (from Boulogne to Calais),
                    Brittany, and the Atlantic Coast.

                    * "Un jardin sur la terre", a book conceived and
                    written by Jean-Luc Danneyrolles, with photos by
                    the author and drawings as well as graphic design
                    by Marie Poizat. This book (in French) presents
                    the main Mediterranean plant families, and
                    includes gardening tips and recipes.

                    * "Un jardin sur la terre" and all other
                    Foundation publications can be obtained free from
                    the Foundation on simple request.

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                    [Environmental Focus]
                    Safety And The Environment

                    Protection of the environment, elimination of
                    major risks and the safety of both personnel and
                    equipment are among the key issues faced every day
                    by any industrial group whose activities involve
                    permanent interaction with the environment.

                    The main role of the TOTAL group is to provide the
                    consumer with products which have now become
                    indispensable to every day comfort and are an
                    integral part of the routine gestures of daily
                    living, such as driving home from work, cooking
                    dinner and heating the home. But these products
                    are also the final link in a long and complex
                    industrial chain, starting with the extraction of
                    primary energy and ending with the act of
                    consumption. And everyone working along that chain
                    is potentially at risk. Protecting the environment
                    and ensuring safety on the work site have always
                    been a high priority for TOTAL's operational teams
                    in carrying out their everyday activities, in
                    whatever field they may operate.

                    1992 was a watershed year for the Group here, with
                    the drafting of a Charter setting out the
                    principles and methods governing all aspects of
                    ethical, organizational and management activities.

                    In addition to this Safety and Environmental
                    Charter signed by the Chairman, concrete steps
                    were taken in all three of these areas, with the
                    setting up at Group level of an Environment
                    Department with an Environment Committee bringing
                    together skilled personnel from all different
                    sectors of Group activity. At the same time,
                    crisis management procedures were formally laid
                    down, with the provision for Crisis Management
                    Centers (CMCs) to be set up for each sector of
                    activity. These centers can be activated
                    immediately to handle all aspects of an accident
                    including staff and families, surrounding
                    population, local authorities, media and

                    The TOTAL Corporate Foundation

                    The Total Corporate Foundation is dedicated to the
                    protection of biodiversity. It was founded by
                    Total in 1992 and confirmed for a new term of 5
                    years in 1997.

                    The Total Foundation acts in two ways :

                       * aid to safeguard biodiversity
                       * information to grow public awareness of this
                         global challenge


         For general corporate information,

         Corporate Communications Division

         Tour TOTAL
         24, Cours Michelet
         92069 Paris La Défense Cedex
         phone : 33 (0)1 41 35 40 00
         fax : 33 (0)1 41 35 28 27

         For investor relations information,
         contact :

         Michel Hourcard
         Tour TOTAL
         24, Cours Michelet
         92069 Paris La Défense Cedex
         phone : 33 (0)1 41 35 52 29
         fax : 33 (0)1 41 35 52 20

         New York
         Robert Hammond
         TOTAL American Services
         1585 Broadway, 26th Floor
         New York, NY 10036-USA
         Phone : 1 (212) 969-2810
         Fax : 1 (212) 969 29 79


         For marketing, contact :

         Hassan Boukroum
         TOTAL Raffinage Distribution
         51, esplanade du Général De Gaulle
         92907 Paris La Défense Cedex France
         phone : 33 (0)1 41 35 40 00
         fax : 33 (0)1 41 35 87 48

         Fondation d'entreprise TOTAL :

         Fondation d'entreprise TOTAL
         Tour TOTAL
         24, Cours Michelet
         92069 Paris La Défense Cedex France
         fax : 33 (0)1 41 35 64 66

         Employment inquiries

         In order to better process your
         applications for jobs or internships,
         please send all requests by standard
         mail (letter and resume) addressed to
         "Département Recrutement", TOTAL
         tour TOTAL
         24 cours Michelet
         92069 Paris La Défense