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TOTAL III last
third part & last
Second day, January 7:
We chose all the five villages ourselves for visiting. The previous
day this had been impossible because of the need to arrange trips the
previous evening. However, as mentioned previously, one visiting
Harvard professor in our group requested a village of her choice and
we added that to the number to be visited. We were concerned to visit
one or two villages where the dominant community (the Burmese) had
the largest numbers, but where there was a substantial number of
Zimba: We arrived as Sports Day was going on, which generated great
interest among the men, women and children, who all participated in
the sports. Prizes furnished by TOTAL were distributed to the
winners. Sports Day gave us a chance to meet many people quickly. The
Village Communications Committee was composed of ten persons, chosen
because of their interest in the village. The VCC gave pigs to the
five poorest people. One who got three sows had eight pigs and sold
five of them for 1,800 each. Another two got rubber plants. The one
we talked to got 397 plants. They will produce rubber in five years
but he did not know where he could sell it. There were eight
applicants for the rubber trees, but only two showed that they could
do the required fencing and manuring. One woman with five children
got three sows and a cow, which gives milk for the family. She has
not had piglets yet. One man worked as security guard for the
project, 12 hours a day. He got 12,240 per month.
Migyaunglaung: This is divided into two, the East Bank (old village)
and West Bank. The Army took the people (mostly Karen) out of East
Bank in 1991 for security reasons and they were given land in West
Bank. TOTAL, which came much later as people told us, had nothing to
do with the transfer.
Beginning in March 1997 people were able to return to East Bank (46
families of Karens) and rebuilt their homes there, with help from
TOTAL of 10,000 k. per family.
In West Bank there were two who got 300 broilers, which grow to
about 2 kg. For 1.5 kg they get 500 k., selling mainly to Kanbauk.
They have finished the first phase and bought 300 chickens for the
second phase from their own profits, after repaying 25% to TOTAL as
required by the project.
One safetyman who worked on the project for three months gets 35,000
per month, with allowances.
On the East Bank one elderly man who returned last year was born in
Zimba, but his wife is local. He has four acres which he has planted
with betel, cashew, coconut, jackfruit and watermelon. He built his
own house and got 10,000 k. from TOTAL. The Village Communications
Committee has five from East Bank and three from West Bank.. Almost
all families got pigs and are now in their fourth phase. One raised
20 pigs in phase two and sold them for 105,000 k. He opened a saw
mill with the proceeds. There was a new primary school built by TOTAL
Every school has a big playing field, where there were signs of
annual Sports Day. The schools were neat and clean, as were the
teachers and students. The pig farm is owned by the collective
shareholders, whose six members will soon work on rotation
(previously they hired three persons to do the work). Pyingyi: The
Village Communications Committee has nine members, only one of whom
is illiterate. They have been re-elected three times. They got a
bonus of 7,000k. from TOTAL last year. They showed us a paper which
had the composition of the members and their professions, signed by
all of them except the illiterate one. One young woman expressed her
eagerness to work on the program.
Fourteen villagers got pigs; at first, three families got three sows
each. Five other families got broilers. The village has a large
enclosed water tank built by TOTAL.
Phaungdaw: This is a village where the Bamar is predominant, with a
big percentage of Mon, who all are Buddhist. We met three of the 10
members of the Village Communications Committee, the first two of
whom were Mon. There seemed to be complete harmony between the two
communities. TOTAL renovated a school and made an addition. They also
repaired the clinic and provided a free doctor.
The village projects are pig raising, cassava and maize cultivation,
rubber, nursery and shrimp cultivation. Those who excavated the ponds
were taken for shrimp culture. More than 55% of the cost went for
feed, but they are developing a local feed now. One pond was spoiled
last year through infection.
Daminseik. This village was by the seashore. Many worked on the
first length of the pipeline. We spoke to one who worked six months
and made 60,000 k. per month wrapping the pipes. He was now working
as a carpenter on a large building of Save the Children (USA). With
his savings he bought gold for future security. There was a new
school, which had three teachers, and a clinic with a doctor who had
his medical degree from Yangon.
HEALTH SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT CHARTER
TOTAL CHAIRMAN, THIERRY DESMAREST
No economic priority shall overrule considerations of health
and safety at work and respect for the environment
Each one of us must be aware of his personal responsibility
regarding health, safety and environment, and must be
permanently alert to potential risks of accident or pollution
related to his or her activity
Criteria involving health, safety and the environment shall be
evaluated first in all decisions concerning development
projects and the launching of all new products.
With public authorities and local communities, the Group shall
adopt an attitude of openness and constructive dialogue. Beyond
our global objective of protecting the environment, the Group
pledges to safeguard the health, safety and quality of life of
those living or working in the vicinity of our facilities.
Emergency procedures shall be tested, drilled and updated
systematically to ensure optimum performance in the event of
accidental pollution. In such situations the rule shall be open
information exchange with all partners involved.
The Group shall select its industrial and commercial partners
on the basis of their compliance with our rules for health,
safety and the environment.
The determination of our group to make permanent progress in
the field of health, safety and the environment shall manifest
itself in training programs, consultation and through
implementation of internal and external audits.
Compliance with the principles involving health, safety and the
environment shall be an important element in the performance
evaluation of each member of our Group, and most importantly of
all Group members with management responsibilities.
TOTAL MYANMAR EXPLORATION AND PRODUCTION : CODE OF CONDUCT
In Myanmar as in every country where TOTAL operates, compliance
with the TOTAL'S "HEALTH SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT CHARTER" is
Therefore, the following principles will be ensured:
MEET HIGH ETHICAL STANDARDS IN WORKING PRATICES
To treat everyone fairly and with respect, to offer equal
employment opportunities, to make sure that the wages are fair
and working conditions are safe, to respect the culture and
tradition of the local communities.
TO DEVELOP A MUTUAL UNDERSTANDING WITH THE LOCAL COMMUNITIES
To inform about the activities planned, to establish a
meaningful dialog with the local communities, to promote trust
TO CONTRIBUTE TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE WELFARE OF THE LOCAL
To train and develop local employees, to transfer technology
and expertise, to help improve the quality of life in the
The TOTAL Corporate Foundation
In France :
* In partnership with Port-Cros National Park and
the National Mediterranean Botanic Conservation
Center of Porquerolles, the Foundation pursues
scientific studies and conservation projects that
- collections on the island of Porquerolles to
preserve vanishing varieties of fruit trees
- heritage reserves of endemic plants
- seed banks for threatened plant species native
to the French Mediterranean area.
* In cooperation with the Conservatoire du
Littoral, the French agency for the protection of
the coastland, the Foundation helps to manage the
Etang de Berre (Berre Lagoon) and publishes maps
of France's coastal regions illustrating their
fauna and flora.
The Foundation draws on the Porquerolles
Conservation Center's expertise to provide aid in
areas of the world where the natural environment
is threatened and where the Group's existing
structures can contribute most effective support.
A few examples :
* In Indonesia's rain forest - one of the richest
reserves of biodiversity in the world - the
Foundation supports ethnobotanic research
involving the Dayak tribes. The objective is to
study the different plants and herbs these forest
dwellers use and to explore new nutritional and
The Foundation's other achievements in Indonesia
include the publication and distribution of an
elementary reader to help schoolchildren discover
biodiversity while learning to read.
* In Thailand, the Total Foundation works together
with the Royal Chaipattana Foundation to
rehabilitate the mangrove. This program combines
"field work" involving the planting of young
mangrove shoots as well as local information
* In Polynesia, with the Fondation Naturalia
Polynesia, the Foundation helps to protect the
coral reef ecosystem that offers the local
population rich fishing grounds and the basic
materials for their traditional tools and artwork.
* In South Africa, the Foundation, Total South
Africa and the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)
supported a program integrating young job-seekers
in efforts to protect the local fauna by
eliminating invasive plants. The Foundation also
participates in the development of an ecotourism
Part of the Foundation's budget serves to finance
projects proposed by Group employees.
Some twenty employee projects have already been
sponsored by the Foundation, including the
planting of 500 trees to hold back encroaching
dunes in Mauritania, an experimental project to
grow fig trees in the Lower Alps (Alpes de
Haute-Provence), and "nature islands" of trees and
plants for a greenery-deprived part of London.
As part of its mission, the Foundation paves the
way for future generations by means of various
free publications that are designed to grow
awareness of the vital importance of environmental
conservation and the sustainable use of natural
* Illustrated fold-outs that are distributed in
large-scale information campaigns but that are all
available from the Foundation on request.
For the first one - "Diversity is life" - the
Foundation printed 500,000 copies in French and
200,000 copies in English. In nine pictures and
texts, this colourful fold-out explains how
biodiversity began, how it became enriched and how
it has been managed for 4 billion years.
"Cultivons la diversité" (300,000 copies, in
French) gives an overview of botanic diversity in
its different forms, from genetic diversity to the
diversity of the species and landscapes.
* Maps of French coastal regions.
The first two maps - Normandy and
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur - have already been
widely distributed in these two regions.
Three more maps will be available by the end of
1997 : the Opal Coast (from Boulogne to Calais),
Brittany, and the Atlantic Coast.
* "Un jardin sur la terre", a book conceived and
written by Jean-Luc Danneyrolles, with photos by
the author and drawings as well as graphic design
by Marie Poizat. This book (in French) presents
the main Mediterranean plant families, and
includes gardening tips and recipes.
* "Un jardin sur la terre" and all other
Foundation publications can be obtained free from
the Foundation on simple request.
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Safety And The Environment
Protection of the environment, elimination of
major risks and the safety of both personnel and
equipment are among the key issues faced every day
by any industrial group whose activities involve
permanent interaction with the environment.
The main role of the TOTAL group is to provide the
consumer with products which have now become
indispensable to every day comfort and are an
integral part of the routine gestures of daily
living, such as driving home from work, cooking
dinner and heating the home. But these products
are also the final link in a long and complex
industrial chain, starting with the extraction of
primary energy and ending with the act of
consumption. And everyone working along that chain
is potentially at risk. Protecting the environment
and ensuring safety on the work site have always
been a high priority for TOTAL's operational teams
in carrying out their everyday activities, in
whatever field they may operate.
1992 was a watershed year for the Group here, with
the drafting of a Charter setting out the
principles and methods governing all aspects of
ethical, organizational and management activities.
In addition to this Safety and Environmental
Charter signed by the Chairman, concrete steps
were taken in all three of these areas, with the
setting up at Group level of an Environment
Department with an Environment Committee bringing
together skilled personnel from all different
sectors of Group activity. At the same time,
crisis management procedures were formally laid
down, with the provision for Crisis Management
Centers (CMCs) to be set up for each sector of
activity. These centers can be activated
immediately to handle all aspects of an accident
including staff and families, surrounding
population, local authorities, media and
The TOTAL Corporate Foundation
The Total Corporate Foundation is dedicated to the
protection of biodiversity. It was founded by
Total in 1992 and confirmed for a new term of 5
years in 1997.
The Total Foundation acts in two ways :
* aid to safeguard biodiversity
* information to grow public awareness of this
For general corporate information,
Corporate Communications Division
24, Cours Michelet
92069 Paris La Défense Cedex
phone : 33 (0)1 41 35 40 00
fax : 33 (0)1 41 35 28 27
For investor relations information,
24, Cours Michelet
92069 Paris La Défense Cedex
phone : 33 (0)1 41 35 52 29
fax : 33 (0)1 41 35 52 20
TOTAL American Services
1585 Broadway, 26th Floor
New York, NY 10036-USA
Phone : 1 (212) 969-2810
Fax : 1 (212) 969 29 79
For marketing, contact :
TOTAL Raffinage Distribution
51, esplanade du Général De Gaulle
92907 Paris La Défense Cedex France
phone : 33 (0)1 41 35 40 00
fax : 33 (0)1 41 35 87 48
Fondation d'entreprise TOTAL :
Fondation d'entreprise TOTAL
24, Cours Michelet
92069 Paris La Défense Cedex France
fax : 33 (0)1 41 35 64 66
In order to better process your
applications for jobs or internships,
please send all requests by standard
mail (letter and resume) addressed to
"Département Recrutement", TOTAL
24 cours Michelet
92069 Paris La Défense