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Feature: Myanmar Strives to Prote
- Subject: Feature: Myanmar Strives to Prote
- From: suriya@xxxxxxxxxxxx
- Date: Thu, 05 Nov 1998 00:03:00
Subject: Feature: Myanmar Strives to Protect Mangroves
Feature: Myanmar Strives to
By Duan Tingchang
YANGON, November 4 (Xinhua)-- Myanmar has been striving to
preserve its mangroves as they are essential for sustainable
food security of the
country's delta population.
Mangrove is one of the most productive ecosystems for the
maintenance of food
web in an aquatic environment. It also plays a role in
protecting soil, and as a
moderator for salinity and resource of timber, fuelwood,
charcoal and a range of
non-wood forest products.
There are about 3.14 million acres (1.27 million hectares)
of mangroves in
Myanmar, covering about 4 percent of the country's forest
and making up over
48 percent of the 2.61-million-hectare global mangrove
Of the country's mangroves, about 46 percent are in
Ayeyawady division, a
delta region in the country's southwestern part.
The landsat study shows that the Ayeyawady mangroves were
three times faster than the other forests in Myanmar.
Depletion of the region's mangroves was mainly due to high
demand of firewood
and charcoal from the capital of Yangon and conversion for
In view of the serious and alarming effects of the depletion
of mangroves, the
government has called for international assistance to
redress the increasing
fuelwood demand in the Ayeyawady delta and develop the
for rehabilitating degraded and demanded areas to conserve
In cooperation with the United Nations Development Program
and the Food
and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Myanmar conducted a
project, a feasibility study on mangrove reforestation from
March 1991 to
December 1993 and an Ayeyawady mangrove community
from February 1994 to December 1995.
The projects were aimed at promoting sustainable human
improving the socio-economic welfare of disadvantageous
communities in critical
areas in the coastal Ayeyawady delta, through mangrove
regeneration and protection, fisheries income generation and
sufficiency in wood fuel and wood products.
A total of 48 villages, 16 from Laputta township and 32 from
in the Ayeyawady division which mainly involve in
agriculture, forestry and
fishery, were selected as project villages.
The projects' personnel attended various short courses and
Thailand, Malaysia and Vietnam in 1995 and planted 3.6
million seedlings and
cuttings with the participation of the villagers.
In January 1996, a high-level executive board meeting of the
FAO in New York
agreed to extend its human development initiatives to
Myanmar for another three
years from November 1996 to April 1999 with funding of 52
dollars for continuous implementation of the Ayeyawady
Myanmar's mangroves have been rehabilitated to a certain
extent due to the
efforts of the government and awareness of the local
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