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text of burma sanctions bill (r)
- Subject: text of burma sanctions bill (r)
- From: candc@xxxxxxxxx
- Date: Mon, 01 Jan 1996 19:22:00
Take me of this list.
At 09:21 PM 12/31/95, you wrote:
>From: "soe pyne" <maung@xxxxxxxxxxx>
> S 1511 IS
> 104th CONGRESS
> 1st Session
> To impose sanctions on Burma.
> IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
> December 29, 1995
> Mr. MCCONNELL (for himself, Mr. MOYNIHAN, Mr. D'AMATO, and Mr.
> LEAHY) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and
> referred to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
> A BILL
> To impose sanctions on Burma.
> [Italic->] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of
> Representatives of the United States of America in Congress
> assembled, [<-Italic]
> SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
> This Act may be cited as the `Burma Freedom and Democracy Act of
> SEC. 2. FINDINGS.
> Congress makes the following findings:
> (1) Since 1962, Burma has been ruled by a military
> (2) As part of a crackdown against the Burmese pro-democracy
> movement, the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)
> was established by the military dictatorship in 1988.
> (3) On May 27, 1990 the people of Burma voted overwhelmingly
> in a free election for Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and the National
> League for Democracy (NLD).
> (4) Despite numerous pledges, the SLORC has failed to honor
> the results of the 1990 elections.
> (5) The United States has not sent an ambassador to Rangoon
> in protest of the failure of the SLORC to honor the 1990
> elections and the continued human rights abuses suffered by the
> Burmese people.
> (6) In response to the massacre of thousands of Burmese
> participating in peaceful democratic demonstrations, Congress
> adopted a provision as part of the Customs and Trade Act of
> 1990 requiring the President to impose appropriate economic
> sanctions on Burma.
> (7) Currently the United States has suspended economic aid to
> Burma, placed an embargo on arms sales, denied GSP trade
> preferences, and decertified Burma as a narcotics cooperating
> (8) On April 30, 1994, the Foreign Relations Authorization
> Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236), placed
> Burma on the list of international `outlaw' states that
> includes Libya, North Korea, and Iraq and which is set forth in
> section 307 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C.
> 2227(a)), thus mandating that voluntary United States funding
> for any United Nations agency will be automatically reduced if
> the agency conducts programs in Burma.
> (9) On July 15, 1994 the Senate adopted Senate Resolution 234
> calling on the Administration to encourage members of the
> Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) to work with the
> United States to achieve the transfer of power to the winners
> of Burma's 1990 democratic election.
> (10) On July 10, 1995 after six years of unlawful detention,
> the SLORC released Nobel Peace Prize winner Daw Aung San Suu
> Kyi, the leader of the NLD.
> (11) Since the release of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, SLORC has
> rejected her efforts to establish a timetable for dialogue and
> national reconciliation and has denied the NLD a meaningful
> role in a credible political process.
> SEC. 3. DECLARATION OF POLICY.
> Congress declares that it is the policy of the United States--
> (1) to support actively the prompt transition from a military
> dictatorship to a democratic government in Burma;
> (2) to encourage the State Law and Order Restoration
> Committee to immediately and unconditionally release all
> political prisoners and allow them to participate in the
> political process;
> (3) to recognize the individuals who won the 1990 democratic
> election as the legitimate representatives of the Burmese
> people; and
> (4) to expand contact with the democratically elected leaders
> of Burma through the United States mission in Rangoon in order
> to facilitate the democratic process in Burma.
> SEC. 4. SANCTIONS.
> (a) PROHIBITION- Until such time as the President determines and
> certifies to the appropriate congressional committees that an
> elected government of Burma has been allowed to take power--
> (1) the sanctions described in subsection (b) shall be
> imposed on Burma; and
> (2) the appropriate Government officials may apply the
> sanctions described in subsection (c) against Burma.
> (b) MANDATORY SANCTIONS-
> (1) INVESTMENT SANCTION- United States nationals shall not
> make any investment in Burma.
> (2) UNITED STATES ASSISTANCE- United States assistance for
> Burma is prohibited.
> (3) MULTILATERAL ASSISTANCE- The Secretary of the Treasury
> shall instruct the United States executive director of each
> financial institution to vote against any loan or other
> utilization of the funds of the respective bank to or for Burma.
> (4) ADMISSION TO UNITED STATES- Except as required by treaty
> obligations, any Burmese national who formulates, implements,
> or benefits from policies which hinder the transition of Burma
> to a democratic country, and any member of the immediate family
> of such national, shall be ineligible to receive a visa and
> shall be excluded from admission into the United States.
> (c) DISCRETIONARY SANCTIONS-
> (1) IMPORT SANCTIONS- The President is authorized to prohibit
> the importation into the United States of articles which are
> produced, manufactured, grown, or extracted in Burma.
> (2) BAN ON TRAVEL TO BURMA- The Secretary of State may
> prohibit the use of United States passports for travel to
> Burma, except for travel by United States officials.
> (3) DIPLOMATIC REPRESENTATION- The President is urged not to
> accept diplomatic representation from Burma at a level greater
> than the level of diplomatic representation accorded the United
> States in Burma.
> (4) CONTRIBUTIONS TO INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS-
> The President is authorized to withhold from each international
> organization that funds activities in Burma other than
> humanitarian activities an amount equal to the United States
> proportionate share of that funding.
> SEC. 5. REPORT ON BURMESE LABOR PRACTICES.
> Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act,
> the Secretary of Labor, in consultation with the Secretary of
> State, shall submit a report to the appropriate congressional
> committees on--
> (1) Burmese compliance with international labor standards
> including the use of forced labor, child labor, slave labor,
> and involuntary prison labor by the junta;
> (2) the degree to which foreign investment in Burma
> contributes to violations of fundamental worker rights;
> (3) labor practices in support of Burma's foreign tourist
> industry; and
> (4) efforts by the United States to end violations of
> fundamental labor rights in Burma.
> SEC. 6. DEFINITIONS.
> As used in this Act:
> (1) APPROPRIATE CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES- The term
> `appropriate congressional committees' means the Committee on
> Appropriations and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the
> Senate and the Committee on Appropriations and the Committee on
> International Relations of the House of Representatives.
> (2) INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS- The term
> `international financial institutions' includes the
> International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the
> International Development Association, the Asian Development
> Bank, and the International Monetary Fund.
> (3) INVESTMENT- The term `investment' includes any
> contribution or commitment of funds, commodities, services,
> patents, processes, or techniques, in the form of--
> (A) a loan or loans;
> (B) the purchase of a share of ownership;
> (C) participation in royalties, earnings, or profits; and
> (D) the furnishing of commodities or services pursuant to
> a lease or other contract.
> (4) UNITED STATES ASSISTANCE- The term `United States
> assistance' means assistance of any kind which is provided by
> grant, sale, loan, lease, credit, guaranty, or insurance, or by
> any other means, by any agency or instrumentality of the United
> States Government to any foreign country.