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REPORT ON COMMUNICATIONS (3/8/1994)
/* Written 20 Nov 6:00am 1995 by DRUNOO@xxxxxxxxxxxx(DR U NE OO) in igc:reg.burma */
/* -------------" Report on Communications (3/8/94) "------------------ */
Following is communication to pro-democracy groups in 1994, regarding
cease-fire and political settlements. The situation has changed little,
however, since the DAB has lost its memberships due to various cirumstances.
Nontheless, the UN supervision in writing a new federal constitution
should be considered as the most essentional element in building of
a long lasting peace in Burma.
With Best regards, U Ne Oo.
Dr U Ne Oo
48/2 Ayliffes Road
St Marys SA 5042
August 3, 1994.
To: groups and individuals
Re: The Ceasefire Agreements in Burma
Warment greetings from Adelaide and firstly wishing to thank you for your
efforts in helping Burmese people and their struggle for democracy.
As you have been a person/organization which closely working with Burma
pro-democracy groups, I would like to call your attentions to the concerns
raised in the enclosed documents. In particular, the proposal for DAB to
enter ceasefire on the condition that they be able to participate in
policical process and writing a just constitution.
My appeal to you - as a person/organization influential on the Burma's
prodemocracy groups - it to persuade DAB to enter ceasefire agreements and
also to give helps in any possible way to consolidate their political
I believe this is the critical time for pro-democracy groups to focus their
attention on the political developments and also to be vigilant. As the
pro-democracy groups have unfortunately been scattered throughout the globe
and, for most part, under suppressions, the advise from the NGOs and
expatriate groups are vital for their very survival. Please help as anyway
I usually work with a small Adelaide based NGO - the Burma Action(SA) - and
various expatriate groups within Australia, but this initiative has to be
considered largely of my own and may not necessarily reflect the views of
ONce again, I thank you for your kind attentions and helps.
Yours sincerely, U Ne Oo.
THE DIALOGUE FOR NATIONWIDE CEASEFIRE IN BURMA
A CALL FOR ACTION TO NGOS AND PRO-DEMOCRACY GROUPS
Date: August 3, 1994.
As you may already know, the UNHCR made a statement on 21 JUne regarding
with repatriation of Burmese refugees in Thailand. In the statement, the
UNHCR informed of its willingness to monitor and assist the repatriation
and also urged both SLORC and democratic forces to implement ceasefire in
order to create a safe return for refugees. The SLORC'S foreign minister at
the Bangkok ASEAN meeting has indicated that the junta will talk with the
UN Secretary General. This appear to be the first step towards repatriation
of refugees in Thailand as well as a starting point for a possible
mediation of Burma's conflicts by the international community.
There have been news about Nai Shwe Kyin has been assigned to a senior DAB
post and DR Naing Aung and Moe Thee Zun ABSDF factions are going to unite
into one team. These have been encouraging signs from democratic forces
that may actually leads to their consolidations. The NCGUB have also made a
suggestion on 12 July that the current process of writing constitution
should be abandoned. This has been a necessary step to create a just
constitution for all the people of Burma.
>From NGO's point of view, the best way to help the refugees and these
democratic forces to urge UN to make a 'Comprehensive Response to the
Refugee Problem'. This includes the UNHCR verification of ceasefire,
monitoring human rights situation as well as safety of returnees, and that
follows by UN assisting in reintegration process. We, the NGOs, should put
forwards such a proposal to the UN in the forthcoming UNGA.
At present, the democratic forces should be encouraged to enter the
ceasefire agreement. The agreement should be signed upon the condition that
(1) the democratic forces, i.e. the exiled parliamentarians as well as
ethnic freedom fighters (including that of student rebels), must be able to
participate in political process and drafting of a just constitution;(2) a
time table for completing constitution with transfer of power to the
civilian government must be presented; (3) the UN must be able to supervise
in writing of the constitution and (4) the ceasefire agreement must be
implemented under the supervisions.
It appears that DAB also need to promote a concrete strategy on how to
transform itself to a political organization. In this regards, K.I.O. have
formulated their strategy, for example, the need to retain arms until a new
(Federal) constitution is in place; the necessity to form a political party
and a provision for the disarmament at a final stage. DAB certainly needs
to formulate a similar strategy. These strategy must be in consistent with
the UN human rights/humanitarian policy towards Burma.
Presently, the DAB is seen as a mere grouping of highly autonomous bodies.
Only after a concrete policy being formulated, that will becomes a
political organization. The DAB undoubtedly have a lot of sympathizers
abroad. However, these sympathizers can not help in practice unless the
democratic forces have made the public known of their strategy on how to
establish a Federal Union. In particular, the Burmese populace inside have
to be explained about this policy.
It is also important that the democratic forces must be able to judge their
proposals are truly achievable. An unreasonable or unrealistic proposals
can discourage the international community. So far, the democratic forces
have been good in regards to cooperating with the international community.
But they always must be aware that present repatriation movement is a
purely humanitarian in nature and therefore resist the temptation to use
this movement as a bargaining chip for their political ends. The democratic
forces must always show their willingness to put the welfare of the people
of Burma above their political interests and, at the same time, not giving
in too much in the ways of SLORC.
LETTER FROM UNHCR (CANBERRA 16/8/94)
UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES
Office of Regional Representative for Australia
New Zeland and the South Pacific
9 Terrigal Crescent
O'Malley, A.C.T. 2606
Telephone:(+61 6) 290 1355
Fax: (+61 6) 290 15
16 August 1994
Dear Dr. Oo,
I refer to your letter of 3 August 1994 in which you inform us of your
interest in promoting a ceasefire between SLORC and the Democratic Alliance
of Burma (DAB) and in promoting a democratic Burma.
I should like to thank you in particular for the attachments to your letter
which included many excellent references/materials of a factual nature.
They also gave us a clear idea of your activities and ideals.
On behalf of UNHCR I can assure you that we will continue to seek an
improvement in the political climate in Burma so that not only will it be
possible for Burmese refugees to return to Burma, but so that there will
also be far less reason for future outflows of refugees. UNHCR's Office in
Thailand is taking a particularly active role, notably of recent in
connection with the problems in Halockhani Camp about which you are
In closing, I should like to thank you for your obvious interest in human
rights and the plight of refugees. With the organization, commitment and
perserverance that people such as yourself display, "people power" is given
substance and we in the U.N. are encouraged.
Sd. PIerre-MIchel Fontaine
/* Endreport */