2. Extra-judicial Killing, Summary or Arbitrary Execution


Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.” - Article 3, Universal Declaration of Human Rights

2.1 Background

2.2 Extra-Judicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions – Partial List of Incidents for 2005

 2.1 Background


Extra-judicial killing, summary and arbitrary executions continued to be reported in Burma throughout 2005. Extra-judicial killings frequently transpire in conjunction with other human rights abuses including sexual assault, torture, arbitrary arrest, forced relocation and forced labor. Furthermore, reports of extra-judicial killings most commonly emerge from ethnic minority areas where armed resistance groups exist or are believed to receive support from civilians. Perpetrators of such killings usually enjoy an environment of complete impunity. Civilians tend not to lodge complaints out of fear of repercussions. Even when complaints are lodged, the authorities involved often deny responsibility or superior officials fail to take any action. Various actors of the regime have committed extra-judicial killings and arbitrary executions including members of the military (a.k.a., “Tatmadaw”), the police, the reorganized MI, the people’s militia (a.k.a., “pyithusit”), the USDA, and members of certain ceasefire groups.


Many extra-judicial killings are carried out in conjunction with the SPDC’s “four cuts” policy through which the Tatmadaw attempts to render armed opposition groups powerless by cutting off food, supplies, intelligence, and recruits. Village headmen, elders, and anyone suspected of having contact with or providing support for ethnic resistance groups are subject to detention, interrogation, torture and sometimes death. Villagers found outside of SPDC controlled areas, also known as “black areas,” may be shot on site without warning by patrolling troops. Villagers in areas controlled by armed resistance groups fear traveling outside their village, especially to tend to their fields, because they risk being accused by patrolling SPDC troops of supporting the ethnic opposition groups. Anyone can be charged with association with resistance groups at any time without any reason. For example, women found in a village without their husbands are often accused of being “married to a rebel soldier.” Villagers can also be summarily executed for simply carrying food to areas outside SPDC controlled territory. The food is assumed to be for resistance fighters. In many cases, looting of the civilians’ possessions accompanies the executions.


Extra-judicial executions continue to be reported in areas where ceasefire agreements have been reached between the junta and armed resistance groups. Despite the ceasefire agreements, Tatmadaw forces maintain a substantial presence in ceasefire areas. In turn, villagers in these areas are more vulnerable to abuses perpetrated by both Tatmadaw forces as well as junta aligned ceasefire groups. (For more information see Chapter 8 Rights of Ethnic Minorities). Similarly villagers living as IDPs whose villages have become conflict zones are vulnerable to being shot on sight and without warning. Observers, like the Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG), a human rights organization, have argued that the ceasefire pacts are merely a guise for sustained military control over the ethnic minority population (source: Seeing through the Smokescreen of Ceasefires, KHRG, 9 June 2005). At the same time, villagers continue to be subject to SPDC imposed restrictions of movement within ceasefire areas. For example, from January to at least June 2005, villagers from Htee Ghu Thaw village in Karen State were prohibited from sleeping in their farm fields. Villagers were informed that the Tatmadaw troops would not be held responsible for the consequences suffered by villagers who defied this order. There have been reports throughout the year of violators being summarily executed for failing to abide by the junta’s restrictive policies (source: Continued Militarization, Killings and Fear in Dooplaya District, KHRG, 2 June 2005).


During the year, the SPDC escalated its campaign to secure military control over Karen areas dominated by armed opposition groups. In July 2005, the Dam Byan Byaut Kya reemerged in Nyaunglebin District under the name of Pyaung Shin, which means “to clear all.” The Dam Byan Byaut Kya, or 'Guerilla Retaliation Units’ initially formed in Nyaunglebin District in 1998 under Lt. Gen. Khin Nyunt's Directorate of Defense Services Intelligence (DDSI) with the express purpose of seeking out specific targets of suspected KNLA or KNU supporters and executing them. The units extended to Toungoo District in 1999, with civilians remaining their main targets in both areas. Dam Byan Byaut Kya, also referred to as Baw Bi Doh or “Short Pants” for their combination of civilian and military attire, operates in small 5-10 men groups and are known for their brutal execution methods, including mutilation and decapitation. The activities of the Dam Byan Byaut Kya had faded until their recent reemergence as the Pyaung Shin. While the specific activities of the Pyaung Shin are unclear, their renewed presence in Karen State arguably indicates that the civilian population remains vulnerable despite the informal ceasefire between the KNU and the SPDC. It may also be indicative of the SPDC’s increasing focus on seizing absolute power in Karen State. (Source: Nyaunglebin/Toungoo Districts: Re-emergence of Irregular SPDC Army Soldiers and Karen Splinter Groups in Northern Karen State, KHRG, 24 October 2005)


Political activists also remain susceptible to extra-judicial killings and summary executions, particularly while in SPDC custody. One such case is the death of NLD youth member Aung Hlaing Win from Hlaing Township who died at an interrogation center on 1 May 2005, only nine days after he was arrested without cause by plain-clothed military personnel. The authorities cremated his body before giving his family members an opportunity to bury him. Before being cremated, however, his body was inspected by doctors at North Okkalapa Hospital. Despite a medical report showing 24 external bruises, 3 broken ribs, a bruised heart, a swollen throat and infected stomach and intestines, the Mayangon Township Court found Aung Hlaing Win had died of natural causes. The appeal was summarily rejected in early September. (Sources: “Myanmar Opposition Party to File Complaint Over NLD Member’s Mystery Death,” AFP, 17 May 2005; “Doctors Confirm Torture of NLD Youth Member,” Irrawaddy, 8 June 2005; “Myanmar Court Says NLD Member Died in Custody of Natural Causes,” AFP, 10 June 2005). (For more information see Chapter 3 Arbitrary Detention, Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances).

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2.2 Extra-Judicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions – Partial List of Incidents for 2005


Arakan State


On 22 January 2005, approximately 50 boats attempted to cross the Naff River from Kyauk Pandu village, Maungdaw Township to the Teknaf area of Bangladesh. SPDC soldiers open fired upon the boats believing them to contain smuggled rice. According local sources, more than 70 people were killed. The victims reportedly came from Akyab, Kyauk Pru, Kyaut Taw, Pauk Taw, Pona Kyaut, Mrauk Oo and Rambree. The survivors were arrested. Families of the deceased were afraid to inquire about their relatives as they did not want to be accused of being involved in rice smuggling operations. (Source: “70 People Gunned Down by Burmese,” Narinjara News, 4 February 2005).


On 27 January 2005, as VPDC chairman Su Ton Ah Ma (male, age 29) and Ma Ma Mya (male, age 27) were loading the chicken, rice, goats and other goods onto a boat on the Inn Din River in southern Maungdaw Township, a soldier from SPDC LIB 233 approached. The two villagers attempted to run from the soldier but they were shot and killed. Two other villagers were also injured in the shooting. The village leaders and headmen were told that the two villagers had been killed while transporting illegal goods and the bodies were to be buried quickly. In accordance with the order, the two bodies were buried in the village cemetery. The villagers were also warned not to discuss the case. (Source: “Two Villagers Died and Two Injured by the Nakapa Shooting,” Kaladan News, 8 March 2005).


Chin State


On 19 January 2005, troops from SPDC LIB 266 led by Capt. Tin Myo arrested Samuel (age 18) from Selawn village, Falam Township. The troops first arrested Samuel at Rih Bridge and then took him to Selawn village and then to Hmawng Kawn village. He was killed near Hmawngkawn village after being accused of associating with the Chin Integrated Army (CIA). (Source: “Innocent Chin Villager Summarily Executed,” Rhododendron News, CHRO, 9 February 2005).


On 18 March 2005 at midnight, troops from SPDC LIB 266 based in Falam Township led by Capt. Aung Naing Oo assembled the Selawn headman, council members and telephone operator and accused them of aiding resistance fighters and failing to report the activities of the CNF. The troops beat the group. While the village council members and village headman sustained serious injuries, the telephone operator, Hmet Lian, was instantly killed when he was repeatedly struck in the face with rifle butts. (Source: “Innocent Chin Beaten to Death by Burmese Army,” Rhododendron News, CHRO, 21 March 2005).


On 12 November 2005 two villagers were killed and six injured during a football tournament in Matupi Township, Chin State when an SPDC soldier fired into the crowd after the SPDC sponsored team lost. Lance Cpl. Lin Hung, of the Sniper Platoon of Burma Tactical II, in Matupi, committed suicide after taking responsibility for the shootings. (Sources: “Armed Men Fire on Football Spectators Killing Two and Injuring Six,” Khonumthung, 15 November 2005; “Soldier Commits Suicide Claiming Responsibility for 'Matupi Football Match Tragedy,'” Khonumthung, 20 November 2005).


Karen State


Dooplaya District


On 7 March 2005, SPDC soldiers from SPDC Battalion 78 led Comdr. Khin Maung Win invaded Painkaladon village after observing a small band of KNLA soldiers. As a result, a 35-year-old female shopkeeper, Nan Thaung Thaung Myint’s, also known as Nay Pay Thwe, was killed and Naw Mu, an 80-year-old woman as well as a visitor was wounded. The SPDC troops proceeded to loot a total of 260,000 kyat worth of goods from the shop. The SPDC troops offered 50,000 kyat in compensation for Nan Thaung Thaung Myint’s funeral. She was survived by her two children. (Source: “Continued Militarization, Killings and Fear in Dooplaya District,” KHRG, 2 June 2005).


On 7 July 2005, Column 1 of SPDC IB 10 from Kyainseikkyi shot and killed the Kya In Township officer Saw Eh Soe without cause. (Source: KIC, 2005).


On the morning of 7 July 2005, troops from a guerrilla unit of SPDC Operation Command 3 shot and killed Lay Ti villager, Saw Tay Nay Kay Ku (male, age 33) in a betel nut plantation between Hko Lu and Hu Mu Doe. Two days later, the same command arrested and beat Lay Ti villager Saw Lah Moo (age 38). He was shot to death on 11 July 2005 on Pa Let Wa road. (Source: KIC, 2005).


On 11 August 2005 at 7:00 am, Column 1 Commander Than Lwin Myint of SPDC IB 10 shot at Maung Soe Than's house in Da Dar Oo village, Kawkareik Township killing Naw Ma Ohn (age 7). Her mother, Naw Ma Aye, was wounded. (Source: KIC, 2005).


On 16 August 2005, soldiers from SPDC Battalion 283 killed Saw Yakee (male, age 40s) in Lay Kaw Hti without reason. (Source: FBR, 22 August 2005).


On 19 September 2005, troops from SPDC IB 83, led by Lt. Col. Than Soe Oo, opened fire without warning upon villager Hsar Thalay Moo while he was collecting fish from a bamboo trap in Htee Dai stream. Hsar Thalay Moo called out, “I am an ordinary villager!” however the troops persisted. A bullet penetrated his stomach from his back although it did not kill him. The troops then hauled him into the stream and repeatedly bayoneted him in his chest. The soldiers also shot off a magazine of bullets near the stream which Hsar Thalay Moo’s father heard causing him to go to the stream. Along the way, he encountered the troops who reported that they had shot a Karen rebel. The father found his son’s body in the stream. Lt. Col Than Soe Oo offered 50,000 kyat, rice and oil in compensation but the father refused. (Source: FTUB, 31 October 2005).


Papun District


On 9 January 2005, troops from SPDC LIB 598 based at Mae Waing, led by Bo Myint Thein, shot at villagers going to collect vegetables at Tha Haw Hta in Mae Waing area. Wah Tho Kho villager, Ah Nge Lay (age 32), was killed and Saw Si Way (age 25) was wounded. Saw Si Way was then taken to Mae Waing army camp. (Source: KIC, 2005).


Toungoo District


On 23 March 2005 at about 1:00 pm, Column 1 Comdr. Maung Maung Oo of SPDC IB 48 shot and killed Busakhee villager Saw Lerku (male, age 33) who was fishing at the Yaw Po Lor River in Ta Kwee Soe (Hnet Pyaw Daw) village in Tantabin Township. He was killed without cause. (Source: KIC, 2005).


On 19 September 2005, troops from SPDC Battalion 53 led by Column Comdr. Bo Tin Naing Htin arrested Thein Myint, the chairperson of Ta Yo village. He was brutally tortured and later killed in Ka Mar Ti Poe Li village. (Source: KIC, 2005).


Karenni State


On 17 August 2005, troops from the Karenni National People’s Liberation Front (KNPLF) led by Cho Aye Mo killed villager Phakyeh (age 38) after accusing him of being an informer to Karenni resistance fighters. (Source: KNAHR, 2005).


On 18 August, KNPLF troops under the command of Baw Ei executed the Mawthito village secretary (age 33) after accusing him of having connections with the Karenni Army. (Source: KNAHR, 2005).


On 15 November at 9:45 am, a column of SPDC LIB 421 led by Maj. Zaw Zaw Lin, opened fire on villagers working in a paddy field near Kutaru village, in southern Karenni State. Three people were killed and Lay Lay Wah (age 15) was wounded. The 3 victims killed were:

1.             1.    Saw Henry, age 62, two bullets hit his chest;

2.             2.    Naw Shenay Paw, age 22, one bullet hit her chest; and

3.             3.    Lay Htoo, age 6. (Source: KIC, 15 November 2005).


Irrawaddy Division


On 7 July 2005, SPDC soldiers from IB 93 raided Tagu Village. The soldiers surrounded the village and arrested about 50 villagers accusing them of participating in the 7 May Rangoon bombing. One schoolteacher, Saw Stanford, died from electric shocks during interrogation session. (Source: “More Karen Villagers Detained in Delta Burma,” DVB, 12 August 2005).


Mon State


On 1 March 2005 at around 10:00 pm, a soldier opened fire into a house in Anan-gwin village in Thanbyuzayat Township where 10 travelers had stopped to spend the night Pregnant Mi Hla Aye, age 34 from Yaung-daung village, Mudon Township, was killed. Two other women sustained serious injuries. The villagers and the house owner chose to not lodge complaints out of fear. (Source: “A Burmese Soldier Killed A Pregnant Woman,” The Mon Forum, HURFOM, March 2005).


In the first week of June 2005, the headman of Hangan village and Capt. Zaw Linn Own from Tactical Command 3 arrested Nai Kyaw Myint for traveling outside of his village without authorization. Nai Kyaw Myint was arrested at his farm located east of Wing-Pop village in Ye Township. SPDC LIB 586 Commander Than Toe transferred Nai Kyaw Myint to a military base in Khaw Za after 8 days. There, Nai Kyaw Myint endured severe torture for one month as his captors attempted to gain information about a 10 person Mon resistance group that they suspected he supported. Nai Kyaw Myint died as a result of the torture. The troops informed Nai Kyaw Myint's family of his death but did not return his body or provide an explanation. Instead, they buried him near Khaw Zae. (Source: “Terror Continues in Ye Township,” The Mon Forum, HURFOM, August 2005).


On 21 May 2005 at approximately 10:00 pm, the village headman, a USDA leader, along with USDA members Aung Soe, Kon Poe and Yin Lon, killed Nai Maung Phyu Pyin in Duya village, Ye Township after accusing him of being hostile with the authorities. He was arrested, tortured, shot and killed. The USDA members remain unpunished for their actions. (Source: “Terror Continues in Ye Township,” The Mon Forum, HURFOM, August 2005).


On 5 June 2005, Nai Soe Naing (male, age 38) was detained by members of the village Fire Brigade led by Comdr. Nai Kun Blai after having an argument with his wife. He was severely tortured and told to stop drinking liquor and making noise. Nai Soe Naing sustained serious internal and external injuries. He died the following morning. He is survived by 2 children. Meanwhile no action has been taken against his abusers. (Source: “Terror Continues in Ye Township,” The Mon Forum, HURFOM, August 2005).


Pegu Division


Nyaunglebin District


On 9 March 2005, troops from SPDC IB 315 of Kyaukkyi Township shot and killed Karen villagers Saw Hla Win and his uncle on the Maw Ket Ko motor road without any reason. (Source: KIC, 2005).


On 14 March 2005, troops from an SPDC military column conducting military operations on Hsaw Me Lu motor road shot and killed Saw Ta Kaw Thaw and Saw Gay Lay from Saw Me Lu village without reason. (Source: KIC, 2005).


Shan State


On 24 January 2005, Zi Na (age 30) and his son, Zaai Mu (age 4) were beaten and killed by a patrol of about 30 soldiers from SPDC LIB 514 led by Comdr. Khin Maung Htoo in Ham Ngaai village tract, Murng-Kerng Township. The father and son were found two days later when Naang Khawng, the wife and mother, gathered relatives and set out to search for them. A few weeks later, a sergeant from SPDC LIB 514 was seen driving Zi Na's motorbike in Murng-Kerng town. (Source: “A Displaced Villager and His Child Son Killed and Robbed Of Their Motorcycle in Murng-Kerng,” SHRF Monthly Report, SHRF, May 2005).


On 5 February 2005, a 42 person patrol from SPDC IB 287 led by Maj. Kyi Myint deployed 60mm mortars and 40mm grenade launchers on a hill west of Wan Mai Khao Larm village, Mong Pan Township. As a result, Mae Htao Yuo (female, age 75) was killed. In addition, a 70-year-old woman and an 8-year-old girl were wounded. (Source: FBR, 1 June 2005).


On 28 February 2005, a patrol of 10 soldiers from SPDC LIB 520 shot and killed 4 villagers who were gathering leaves for roofing in the forest near Ho Lin village, Ho Lin village tract, Murng Pan Township. Although the village leaders attempted to file a complaint, the authorities denied that their troops had left the military base that day. The 4 victims were:

1.      Naang Law, female, age 31;

2.      Zaai Keng, male, age 27;

3.      Zaai Kit, male, age 30; and

4.      Zaai Maai, male, age 25. (Source: “4 Forest Gatherers Shot Dead in Murng Pan,” SHRF Monthly Report, SHRF, June 2005).


On 17 March 2005 at approximately 9:00 pm, 5 soldiers from SPDC IB 66, led by Comdr. Myint Htoo, shot and killed Zaai Kyaw La (male, age 24) outside his home in Wan Phuy village, Kho Lam village tract, Nam-Zarng Township. Zaai Kyaw La was able to speak Burmese well and often served as a negotiator or translator for issues that arose between villagers and the SPDC troops. (Source: “A Villager Shot Dead in Nam-Zarng,” SHRF Monthly Report, SHRF, July 2005).


On the night of 21 April 2005, troops from SPDC LIB 524 tortured and beat to death Zao Sin Man, an ascetic Buhhist monk. At the time of his death, Zao Sin Man had been staying in a hut at the opening of a cave in Ka Li village tract, Kun Hing Township. Local villagers often went to the cave to pay respect to Zao Sin Man. As a result, SPDC troops were aware of his presence and began to suspect that he was not a true ascetic but rather a supporter of resistance fighters. On 22 April, local villagers found Zao Sin Man's body with 5-inch nails driven into his skull. (Source: “A Well Respected Ascetic Buddhist Monk Tortured and Killed In Kun-Hing,” SHRF Monthly Report, SHRF, July 2005).


On 5 May 2005 at about 4:00 am, SPDC soldiers conscripted Pi Aung (male, age 40) from Naai Naeng village, Haai Naeng village tract, Nam-Zarng Township to guide them to Kung Yom. On the way, they discovered a provisional camp that had been abandoned a few days earlier. The troops accused Pi Aung of having connections with Shan fighters and killed him, shooting him in the stomach and the head. After killing Pi Aung, the soldiers continued to shoot their guns and detonate a mortar shell in order to create the illusion of a battle. Later, they claimed that Pi Aung died during a skirmish with Shan fighters. (Source: “Civilian Guide Shot Dead in Nam-Zarng,” SHRF Monthly Report, SHRF, November 2005).


On 21 June 2005, a patrol of about 45 troops from SPDC LIB 569 based in Kaeng Tawng area in Murng-Nai Township led by Deputy Comdr. Maj. Soe Myint, shot Zaai Saw (male, age 25) a displaced farmer from Saai Khaao village who was building an embankment at Maak Kher Nu village. After being hit, Zaai Saw tried to run but collapsed and fell dead after a short distance. Thereafter, the troops ventured to another farm where they found Su Zit-ta (male, age 35) and Zaai Law Khin (male, age 37) displaced farmers from Saai Khaao, in a hut. The soldiers accused the 2 farmers of cultivating rice and gathering information for Shan resistance fighters. The soldiers tied up, interrogated, beat and tortured the men. The 2 farmers were taken with them as they patrolled villages for 2 days and 2 nights. On 23 June, the soldiers killed Zaai Law Khin and Su Zit-ta by stabbing them in the chest and back. (Source: “Displaced Farmers Shot, Tortured and Stabbed to Death, in Kun-Hing,” SHRF Monthly Report, SHRF, December 2005).


On 3 July 2005, soldiers from SPDC LIB 246 led by Sgt. Aung Kyaw Moe, shot and killed Waling (male, age 16) who was herding cattle along with another boy, Sai Awng (male, age 12) in Laikam, Kunhing Township. The troops then charged Sai Awng with being a spy and ordered him to bring them meat to eat. Sai Awng fled to his village and reported the incident. The villagers however were too frightened to lodge a complaint with the authorities. (Source: “Junta Troops Shoot A Villager to Death,” SHAN, 28 September 2005).


On 17 July 2005, Sai Nee (male, age 24) and Nang Hpid (female, age 28), a Shan couple who had been living in Thailand for 6 years, crossed the border from Thaton, Mae Ai District, Chiang Mai Province, Thailand to Mong Hsat Township in Shan State. The couple encountered troops from SPDC IB 293 based in Murng Luay village, Kaeng-Tung Township who were patrolling in Piangkham, Murng Yawn village tract, Murng Sart Township. A few days later, the body of Sai Nee was found in the Kok River near Banmai Mawkjarm, Thailand which is south of Thaton. Five days later, a company commander from SPDC IB 293 informed villagers in Piangkham that two agents from SSA-S had been caught but had fled. Two soldiers however told villagers that Sai Nee was beaten to death and thrown in the river after taking 50,000 baht from him. Nang Hpid was reportedly tied up, sexually assaulted for five days and killed by the company commander. The couple was originally from Wanlao, Kunhing Township. (Source: “Shan Couple Earns 3 R's,” SHAN, 1 September 2005).


On 10 November 2005, 45 soldiers from SPDC LIB 348 led by Lt. Col. Tin Ko Htut, killed 7 cattle drivers between Loihseng and Kiuhsai villages in Man Piang Township. According to local villagers, gun shots were heard around 3:00 pm and the herd of 25 buffaloes and cows were taken to the battalion command post. The 7 victims were:

        1.      Sai La Mawng, age 42, from Manwiang Long village;

        2.      Sai Hsang Ai Tawng, age 39, Manwiang Long village;

        3.      Sai Kyaw Kyaw Naing, age 29, Manwiang Long village;

        4.      Aung Kya, age 30, Koong Markkham village;

        5.      Myo Than, age 28, Koong Markkham village;

        6.      Htun Lin, age 40, Koong Markkham village and

        7.      Min Zaw, age 31, Nam Poong Poong village. (Source: “Hired Cattle Drovers Shot Through Their Hearts,” SHAN, 7 December 2005).


On 10 November 2005, troops from SPDC IB 276 based in Moe Meik shot and killed 6 cattle traders and stole their herd of 25 cattle near Moe Meik. Families of the victims did not seek compensation from the authorities as they were too frightened. The 6 victims were:

        1.      Aik Maung, male, age 28, from Namkhan Township;

        2.      Aik Thaung, male, from Manwein village;

        3.      Kyaw Kyaw, male, age 25, from Moemate;

        4.      2 men from Tagaung Township, Mandalay Division. (Source: “Army Kills Six Cattle Traders,” Mizzima, 23 November 2005).


On 12 December 2005 at 7:30 am, 60 troops from SPDC IB 33 based in Tangyan and led by Maj. Zaw Zaw Naing shot at a group of villagers as they were herding their cattle near Nalooklao and Napang villages in Namlao village tract. Sai Hsa (male, age 30) sustained an injury in his leg and taken to the military base under accusations of being an “armed terrorist.” Sai Hsa died after being severely beaten and thrown into the Nampang River. (Source: “Killing In Ceasefire Area,” SHAN, 14 December 2005).


Tenasserim Division


On 14 June 2005, soldiers from SPDC LIB 265 captured 23 lumberjacks in 3 boats who were engaged in illegal felling of timber. The boats contained satellite communication equipment along with 30,000 baht, all of which was seized by the troops. Five lumberjacks were able to jump off the boat and flee. The others were tied up and divided into two groups. One group of 8 men was taken to Barline Bay on the eastern side of Lambert Island, lined up and shot. The 8 victims were:

        1.      Phyo Phyo from Myeit Township;

        2.      Nga Tet from Rangoon;

        3.      Soe Win Naing from Bokepyin Township;

        4.      YeYe from Bokepyin Township; 

        5.      Kyaw Oo from Tavoy (Dawei)Township;

        6.      Saw Htwe from Mergue(Myeik);

        7.      Two unidentified men.

The second group was taken to Makyunkalit Island where one lumberjack was permitted to leave as when the local residents vouched for him as a local resident. The remaining lumberjacks were held by 5 drunken soldiers who shot them first in the back and then in their heads at approximately 4:00 pm. The victims were buried in a pit. The 7 victims were:

        1.      Ko Soe from Tavoy (Dawei);

        2.      San Win from Tavoy (Dawei);

        3.      Than Soe from Tavoy (Dawei);

        4.      Soe Aung from Tavoy (Dawei); and

        5.      Three unidentified men. (Source: “Cold Blooded Murder of 15 Woodcutters by SPDC Troops,” DVB, 18 June 2005).


On 13 July 2005, SPDC LIB 267 intercepted two Thai fishing boats in the Kawthaung territorial waters in Tenasserim Division. The fishing boats contained dynamite used to catch sea-bottom dwelling fish. SPDC officials boarded the fishing boats, beat and interrogated the fishermen. The fishermen were then taken to a military outpost on Jalan Island. One fisherman escaped but 13 others were shot to death. The bodies were piled up and covered with stones and branches. (Source: BBC, 20 July 2005).




On 1 January 2005 at 2:00 pm, two companies from SPDC LIB 560 led by Column-1 Comdr. Lt. Col. Win Hlaing, after arriving at Ler Pa Doe village, near Mergui Township, accused Saw Maung Aye of being an agent of KNLA Battalion-11. He fled causing the troops to surround and fire on his father’s house. His father, Tee Hla Aye, was killed as a result. The troops then looted 300,000 kyat worth of items from his house. (Source: KIC, 2005).


On 18 January 2005 at 6:00 am, 20 troops from SPDC IB 267 led by Battalion Comdr. Lt. Col. Aye Kyu fired on villagers from Pa Wah Plaw village of Pa Wah area killing Saw Ba Wah (male, age 30) and wounding Naw Aye Thi Da (female, age 18). Lt. Colonel Aye Kyu reported that they opened fire because of the presence of KNU troops in the village. (Source: KIC, 2005).


On 10 June 2005 at 1:45 pm, Maj. Myo Oo of SPDC LIB 358 Column 2 fired on a boat of villagers traveling in the Lay Nyar River in Na Ka Plaw area killing villager Naw May May (female, age 56). The troops looted 200,000 kyat, 8 Pyi of rice and other items from the boat. They also destroyed the boat and took the boat engine. (Source: KIC, 2005).


In July 2005, SPDC military troops attacked a small community of IDPs hiding in Palaw Township, northern Tenasserim Division. As a result 7 civilians, including children were killed. (Source: Internal Displacement and Protection in Eastern Burma, TBBC, October 2005).


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Facts on Human Rights Violations