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Endnotes - The Situation of Refugees

 

1. Source: World Refugee Survey: Country Updates, USCRI, 2007.

2. Source: Issues and Concerns Vol. 4: The Security Dimensions, Altsean Burma, April 2007.

3. Source: Ibid: 30.

4. Source: Refugees International Bulletin, Refugees International, 16 May 2007.

5. Source: “Government Troops Prepare KNU Offensive,” DVB, 4 December 2007.

6. Source: “More Dissidents Flee to Thai-Burmese Border,” Irrawaddy, 16 October 2007.

7. Source: Issues and Concerns Vol. 4: The Security Dimensions, Altsean Burma, April 2007: 35.

8. Source: CCSDPT/UNHCR Comprehensive Plan 2007/08, CCSDPT/UNHCR, May 2007.

9. Source: “Marking Time in Thailand; Millions of Burmese Who Fled Violence At Home Languish in Limbo near The Border,” Washington Post, 3 October 2007.

10. Source: CCSDPT/UNHCR Comprehensive Plan 2007/08, CCSDPT/UNHCR, May 2007: 5.

11. Source: Programme Report: January-June 2007, TBBC, August 2007.

12. Source: CCSDPT/UNHCR Comprehensive Plan 2007/08, CCSDPT/UNHCR, May 2007:

13. Source: “Over 30 Ethnic Karennis Flee Offensive,” Mizzima News, 12 June 2007.

14. Source: CCSDPT/UNHCR Comprehensive Plan 2007/08, CCSDPT/UNHCR, May 2007: 11.

15. Source: Ibid: 9.

16. Source: Monthly Report: June, 2007, Karen Refugee Committee, June 2007.

17. Source: “Burmese Refugee Killed By Thai Border Guards,” DVB, 17 December 2007.

18. Source: “Legal Action to Follow Karenni Refugee Camp Clash,” Irrawaddy, 19 December 2007.

19. Source: “Karenni Refugees Clash with Thai Authorities, One Dies,” Irrawaddy, 17 December 2007.

20. Source: “Camp Committee Investigates Refugee’s Death,” DVB, 20 December 2007.

21. Source: CCSDPT/UNHCR Comprehensive Plan 2007/08, CCSDPT/UNHCR, May 2007: 11.

22. Source: Program Report: January - June 2006, TBBC, August 2006.

23. Source: Nutrition Programme Update, TBBC, 2007.

24. Source: CCSDPT/UNHCR Comprehensive Plan 2007/08, CCSDPT/UNHCR, May 2007: 11.

25. Source: Six-Month Report, July-December 2004, TBBC, December 2004.

26. Source: Nutrition Programme Update, TBBC, 2007.

27. Source: “Food Aid to Refugees Faces Cuts,” DVB, 6 December 2007.

28. Source: “Burmese Refugees Facing Funding Cuts,” Kaowao News, 8 December 2007.

29. Source: “Cut in Food Provisions to Aggravate Hunger among Refugees,” Kantarawaddy Times, 6 December 2007.

30. Source: CCSDPT/UNHCR Comprehensive Plan 2007/08, CCSDPT/UNHCR, May 2007: 5.

31. Source: “Episcopal Relief and Development Responds To Refugee Crisis on the Thai/Burmese Border,” Relief Web, 29 November 2007.

32. Source: CCSDPT/UNHCR Comprehensive Plan 2007/08, CCSDPT/UNHCR, May 2007: 12.

33. Source: “Storms Ravage Karenni Refugee Camps,” Irrawaddy, 30 May 2007.

34. Source: CCSDPT/UNHCR Comprehensive Plan 2007/08, CCSDPT/UNHCR, May 2007: 6.

35. Source: “One Death in Mae La Cholera Outbreak,” Irrawaddy, 9 August 2007.

36. Source: “Cholera Outbreaks Continue on Thai-Burmese Border,” Irrawaddy, 1 August 2007.

37. Source: “Refugee Voices: Burmese in Tham Hin Camp,” Relief Web, 13 December 2007.

38. Source: “Bird Flu Tests Underway in Karenni Refugee Camp,” Irrawaddy, 30 August 2007.

39. Source: “Bird Flu Suspected in Karenni Camp II,” Kantarawaddy Times, 31 August 2007.

40. Source: CCSDPT/UNHCR Comprehensive Plan 2007/08, CCSDPT/UNHCR, May 2007: 14.

41. Source: “Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, Paolo Sergio Pinheiro,” Human Rights Council, Fourth Session, Item 2 of the provisional agenda, 12 February 2007

42. Source: “KNU Intelligence Officer Assassinated,” DVB, 16 July 2007.

43. Source: “Authorities Restrict Movement in Refugee Camp Following Assassination,” Irrawaddy, 16 July 2007.

44. Source: “Thai Authorities to Check for Weapons in Karenni Refugee Camp.” Kantarawaddy Times, 7 July 2007.

45. Source: “Child soldiers recruited to support expansion of the KNU-KNLA Peace Council,” KHRG, 28 May 2007.

46. Source: “Burma: Army and Its Proxies Threaten Refugee Camps- Thailand Should Protect Refugees and Civilians Fleeing Conflict,” HRW, 14 April 2007.

47. Source: “Rebels Clash along Thai-Burmese Border,” Irrawaddy, 24 April 2007.

48. Source: Ibid.

49. Source: “Burma: Army and Its Proxies Threaten Refugee Camps- Thailand Should Protect Refugees and Civilians Fleeing Conflict,” HRW, 14 April 2007.

50. Source: “UNHCR Presses Thailand to Allow Employment for Burmese Refugees,” Irrawaddy, 4 May 2007.

51. Source: CCSDPT/UNHCR Comprehensive Plan 2007/08, CCSDPT/UNHCR, May 2007: 3.

52. Source: Ibid: 16.

53. Source: “Departures of Burma Refugees from Thailand Top 20K,” Scoop via UNHCR, 12 December 2007.

54. Source: “Westward Bound,” Irrawaddy, 1 June 2007.

55. Source: “Departures of Burma Refugees from Thailand Top 20K,” Scoop via UNHCR, 12 December 2007.

56. Source: Planning For The Future: The Impact of Resettlement on the Remaining Camp Population, CCSDPT, July 2007.

57. Source: “UN welcomes resettlement moves for Burmese refugees,” The Nation, 4 May 2007.

58. Source: Refugees International Bulletin, Refugees International, 16 May 2007.

59. Source: Planning For The Future: The Impact of Resettlement on the Remaining Camp Population, CCSDPT, July 2007.

60. Source: CCSDPT/UNHCR Comprehensive Plan 2007/08, CCSDPT/UNHCR, May 2007: 15.

61. Source: “Resettlement Program Hits Refugee Education Standards,” Irrawaddy, 23 July 2007.

62. Source: Planning For The Future: The Impact of Resettlement on the Remaining Camp Population, CCSDPT, July 2007.

63. Source: CCSDPT/UNHCR Comprehensive Plan 2007/08, CCSDPT/UNHCR, May 2007: 13.

64. Source: Planning For The Future: The Impact of Resettlement on the Remaining Camp Population, CCSDPT, July 2007.

65. Source: CCSDPT/UNHCR Comprehensive Plan 2007/08, CCSDPT/UNHCR, May 2007: 13.

66. Source: Planning For The Future: The Impact of Resettlement on the Remaining Camp Population, CCSDPT, July 2007.

67. Source: Ibid.

68. Source: Refugees International Bulletin, Refugees International, 16 May 2007.

69. Source: Planning For The Future: The Impact of Resettlement on the Remaining Camp Population, CCSDPT, July 2007.

70. Source: CCSDPT/UNHCR Comprehensive Plan 2007/08, CCSDPT/UNHCR, May 2007: 5.

71. Source: Information based on the writer’s discussions with NGOs in Mae Sot, 2008.

72. Source: “Monk from Karen State Flees to Thai Border,” Irrawaddy, 8 November 2007.

73. Source: “Honoured Monk Flees to Thai-Burma Border,” DVB, 12 November 2007.

74. Source: “Poet Flees to Thai-Burma Border,” DVB, 28 November 2007.

75. Source: “Famous Burmese Actor Kyaw Thu Sheltered In Thailand,” Mizzima News, 3 October 2007.

76. Source: "Group Fears for Safety of Pro-Democracy Activists Fleeing Myanmar for Thailand," AP, 5 November 2007.

77. Source: Burma Bulletin, Volume 11, Altsean Burma, November 2007.                                              

78. Source: Burma Bulletin Volume 7, Altsean Burma, July 2007.

79. Source: World Refugee Survey 2006, USCRI, 15 June 2006.

80. Source: “Tales from the Land in Between,” Irrawaddy, 1 November 2007.

81. Source: “Long Wait in Store for New Refugees,” Kaowao News, 8 January 2007.

82. Source: "UN under Fire for ‘Failure’ in Burma," The Australian, 8 November 2007.

83. Source: “Thailand to Launch Operation against Burmese Dissidents,” Mizzima News, 25 October 2007.

84. Source: “Burmese Unrest Affects Thai Trade,” Irrawaddy, 2 October 2007.

85. Source: “Refugee Surge May Harden Thai Stand on Migrants,” Irrawaddy, 2 February 2007.

86. Source: “Burma: Army and Its Proxies Threaten Refugee Camps – Thailand Should Protect Refugees and Civilians Fleeing Conflict,” HRW, 14 April 2007.

87. Source: “Burma Government Lax on Fighting Human Trafficking,” Irrawaddy, 5 October 2007.

88. Source: “Thailand Opens Border Affairs Office,” Irrawaddy, 18 October 2007.

89. Source: CCSDPT/UNHCR Comprehensive Plan 2007/08, CCSDPT/UNHCR, May 2007: 6.

90. Source: "Thai Premier Praised for Promising Improvements for Refugees," Irrawaddy, 18 October 2006.

91. Source: World Refugee Survey: Country Updates, USCRI, 2007.

92. Source: CCSDPT/UNHCR Comprehensive Plan 2007/08, CCSDPT/UNHCR, May 2007: 6.

93. Source: Refugees International Bulletin, Refugees International, 16 May 2007.

94. Source: CCSDPT/UNHCR Comprehensive Plan 2007/08, CCSDPT/UNHCR, May 2007: 13.

95. Source: Ibid: 16.

96. Source: “Refugee Surge May Harden Thai Stand on Migrants,” Irrawaddy, 2 February 2007.

97. Source: Programme Report: January-June 2007, TBBC, August 2007.

98. Source: “Refugee Surge May Harden Thai Stand on Migrants,” Irrawaddy, 2 February 2007.

99. Source: “Undocumented Refugees Urged to Return to Burma,” Irrawaddy, 7 August 2007.

100. Source: World Refugee Survey: Country Updates, USCRI, 2007.

101. Source: “Bangladesh Mistreats Rohingyas, Says Rights Group,” DCB News, 28 March 2007.

102. Source: “123 Rohingya Men Forced Back To Burma by Thai Authorities,” Kaladan News, 9 April 2007.

103. Source: “Bangladesh Mistreats Rohingyas, Says Rights Group,” DCB News, 28 March 2007.

104. Source: Programme Report: January-June 2007, TBBC, August 2007.

105. Source: Ibid.

106. Source: “Burmese Refugees to Receive ID Cards,” Irrawaddy News, 18 April 2007.

107. Source: Ibid.

108. Source: “UNHCR Presses Thailand to Allow Employment for Burmese Refugees,” Irrawaddy, 4 May 2007.

109. Source: “UN welcomes resettlement moves for Burmese refugees,” The Nation, 4 May 2007.

110. Source: “Thai Authorities Issue ID Cards to Refugees,” Kantarawaddy Times, 4 May 2007.

111. Source: “Burmese Refugees to Receive ID Cards,” Irrawaddy News, 18 April 2007.

112. Source: “Women Activists Call for Rights, Protection,” Irrawaddy, 24 October 2007.

113. Source: “Border Blues,” Irrawaddy, 2 February 2007.

114. Source: “British MPs Survey Situation in Karenni Refugee Camp,” Kantarawaddy Times, 19 May 2007.

115. Source: CCSDPT/UNHCR Comprehensive Plan 2007/08, CCSDPT/UNHCR, May 2007: 9.

116. Source: “New IRC Funding Proposal Draws Fire from Local Aid Groups,” Irrawaddy, 10 July 2007.

117. Source: Having Their Say: Refugee camp residents and inclusive education, ZOA Refugee Care Thailand, May 2007: 27.

118. Source: CCSDPT/UNHCR Comprehensive Plan 2007/08, CCSDPT/UNHCR, May 2007: 9.

119. Source: Nutrition Programme Update, TBBC, 2007.

120. Source: CCSDPT/UNHCR Comprehensive Plan 2007/08, CCSDPT/UNHCR, May 2007: 10.

121. Source: Having Their Say: Refugee camp residents and inclusive education, ZOA Refugee Care Thailand, May 2007: 23.

122. Source: Ibid: 29.

123. Source: CCSDPT/UNHCR Comprehensive Plan 2007/08, CCSDPT/UNHCR, May 2007: 15.

124. Source: Nutrition Programme Update, Thailand Burma Border Consortium, 2007.

125. Source: CCSDPT/UNHCR Comprehensive Plan 2007/08, CCSDPT/UNHCR, May 2007: 15.

126. Source: “Resettlement Program Hits Refugee Education Standards,” Irrawaddy, 23 July 2007.

127. Source: CCSDPT/UNHCR Comprehensive Plan 2007/08, CCSDPT/UNHCR, May 2007: 15.

128. Source: “123 Rohingya Men Forced Back To Burma by Thai Authorities,” Kaladan News, 9 April 2007.

129. Source: “Bangladesh Mistreats Rohingyas, Says Rights Group,” DVB, 28 March 2007.

130. Source: Burma Bulletin Volume 7, Altsean Burma, July 2007.

131. Source: “Rohingya Issue Raised in Thailand,” Kaladan News, 19 November 2007.

132. Source: “Burma: Army and Its Proxies Threaten Refugee Camps – Thailand Should Protect Refugees and Civilians Fleeing Conflict,” HRW, 14 April 2007.

133. Source: Refugees International Bulletin, Refugees International, 16 May 2007.

134. Source: “Burma: Army and Its Proxies Threaten Refugee Camps – Thailand Should Protect Refugees and Civilians Fleeing Conflict,” HRW, 14 April 2007.

135. Source: “British MPs Survey Situation in Karenni Refugee Camp,” Kantarawaddy Times, 19 May 2007.

136. Source: “Over 30 Ethnic Karennis Flee Offensive,” Mizzima News, 12 June 2007.

137. Source: Burma Bulletin, Volume 7,Altsean Burma, July 2007.

138. Source: “Karenni Reject Call to Return to Burma from Thailand,” Bangkok Post, 5 July 2007.

139. Source: Ibid.

140. Source: Refugees International Bulletin, Refugees International, 16 May 2007.

141. Source: “Mon Refugees Forced Out from Umpium Camp,” Kaowao News, 21 August 2001.

142. Source: World Refugee Survey: Country Updates, USCRI, 2007.

143. Source: “Burma’s Junta Steps up Attacks on Ethnic Rebels,” Irrawaddy, 10 April 2007. 

144. Sources: Six-Month Report, January-June 2006, TBBC, July 2006; Six-Month Report, July-December 2006, TBBC, December 2006.

145. Source: Program Report for January-June 2006, TBBC, August 2006.

146. Source: “Myanmar Refugees Find Comfort in Rebel Camp,” Reuters, 21 February 2006.

147. Source: World Refugee Survey: Country Updates, USCRI, 2007.

148. Source: “Rohingya in Bangladesh Mistreated, Says Rights Group,” Irrawaddy, 28 March 2007.

149. Source: Ibid.

150. Source: World Refugee Survey: Country Updates, USCRI, 2007.

151. Source: “Households Forced to Relocate for Model Villagers,” Narinjara News, 29 January 2007.

152. Source: “We are Now under a Prison: Model Villager,” Narinjara News, 19 January 2007

153. Source: “Rohingya Refugees from Burma Mistreated in Bangladesh – Thailand Also Forcing Asylum Seekers Back into Burma,” HRW, 27 March 2007.

154. Source: “Five Burmese Muslim Youth Arrested in Bangladesh,” Narinjara News, 31 July 2007.

155. Source: World Refugee Survey: Country Updates, USCRI, 2007.

156. Source: “Marriage between Rohingya and Bangladeshi Invites Problems in Teknaf,” Kaladan News, 14 July 2007.

157. Source: “Rohingya in Bangladesh Mistreated, Says Rights Group,” Irrawaddy, 28 March 2007.

158. Source: World Refugee Survey: Country Updates, USCRI, 2007.

159. Source: “Rohingya Refugees from Burma Mistreated in Bangladesh – Thailand Also Forcing Asylum Seekers Back into Burma,” HRW, 27 March 2007.

160. Source: Ibid.

161. Source: “Burma Receives Part of UN Emergency Fund,” DVB, 8 February 2007.

162. Source: “UNHCR Distributes Mosquito Nets in Burmese Refugee Camp,” Kaladan News, 5 November 2007.

163. Source: “BDRS Distributes Utensils in Burmese Refugee Camp,” Kaladan News, 25 July 2007.

164. Source: “UNHCR Floats Tender for Food to Refugee Camps,” Kaladan News, 11 December 2007.

165. Source: “Sacrificial Meat Distributed In Burmese Refugee Camp,” Kaladan News, 20 December 2007.

166. Source: “Rain and Winds Destroy Burmese Refugee Camps,” Kaladan News, 12 April 2007.

167. Source: “Burmese Refugees Look at New Life in Canada,” Kaladan News, 16 May 2007.

168. Source: World Refugee Survey: Country Updates, USCRI, 2007.

169. Source: “Education Development Meeting in Burmese Refugee Camp,” Kaladan News, 11 May 2007.

170. Source: World Refugee Survey: Country Updates, USCRI, 2007.

171. Source: “Pneumonia and Skin Diseases in Burma-Bangla Border,” Kaladan News, 29 December 2007

172. Source: “Workshop in Refugee Camp on HIV/AIDS, Family Planning,” Irrawaddy, 27 November 2007.

173. Source: “World AIDS Day Observed In Burmese Refugee Camp,” Kaladan News, 2 December 2007.

174. Source: “Pregnant Woman Dies From Lack of Treatment,” Kaladan News, 9 July 2007.

175. Source: Ibid.

176. Source: “Rohingya Refugees from Burma Mistreated in Bangladesh – Thailand Also Forcing Asylum Seekers Back into Burma,” HRW, 27 March 2007.

177. Source: “Refugees Arrested for Collecting Firewood From Forest,” Kaladan News, 26 January 2007.

178. Source: “Refugee Youth Killed by Camp Police,” Kaladan News, 8 January 2007.

179. Source: “Law and Order Training for Burmese Refugees,” Kaladan News, 17 August 2007.

180. Source: “Law and Order Meet in Burmese Refugee Camp,” Kaladan News, 1 November 2007.

181. Source: “Training in Burmese Refugee Camp on "Peace Education",” Kaladan News, 8 December 2007.

182. Source: “Men’s Training Centre Opened in Refugee Camp,” Kaladan News, 17 May 2007.

183. Source: “Second Batch of Rohingyas from Bangladesh to Resettle in Canada,” Kaladan News, 8 April 2007.

184. Source: “Third Batch of Rohingya Refugees Resettled in Canada,” Kaladan News, 14 November 2007; “Fourth Batch of Rohingya Refugees Resettled In Canada,” Kaladan News, 24 November 2007.

185. Source: “Burmese Look to New Life in Canada,” Kaladan News, 16 May 2007.

186. Source: “Rohingya in Bangladesh Mistreated, Says Rights Group,” Irrawaddy, 28 March 2007.

187. Source: “Goons Attempt to Murder Burmese Rape Victim,” Kaladan News, 27 February 2007.

188. Source: “Three Goons Rape Burmese Girl,” Kaladan News, 22 April 2007.

189. Source: “Refugee Woman Dies In MSF Clinic,” Kaladan News, 25 November 2007.

190. Source: “Bangladeshi Rapes Refugee Woman,” Kaladan News, 23 August 2007.

191. Source: “Rohingya Girl Missing from Refugee Camp,” Kaladan News, 27 August 2007.

192. Source: “Bangladesh Women’s Parishad (Union) Protests Torture of Housewife,” Kaladan News, 22 May 2007.

193. Source: “Law and Order Training for Burmese Refugees,” Kaladan News, 17 August 2007.

194. Source: World Refugee Survey: Country Updates, USCRI, 2007.

195. Source: "Monks Transferred to Bangladesh Authorities," Narinjara News, 26 October 2007.

196. Source: "Family Seeks Refuge in Bangladesh from Burma," Narinjara News, 13 October 2007.

197. Source: “25-Rohingya Held In Teknaf, Bangladesh Border,” Kaladan News, 1 February 2007.

198. Source: “More Burmese Arrested In Teknaf, Bangladesh,” Kaladan News, 4 February 2007.

199. Source: “Five Burmese Muslim Youth Arrested in Bangladesh,” Narinjara News, 31 July 2007.

200. Source: “Arrested Refugee Forced To Pay Taka 20,000 To Police,” Kaladan News, 13 January 2007.

201. Source: “More Monks Arrested At Bangladesh-Burma Border,” Kaladan News, 5 October 2007

202. Source: “BDR Arrests 11 Monks Entering Bangladesh,” Kaladan News, 3 October 2007.

203. Source: "Two Monks Reach Bangladesh Soil," Narinjara News, 30 October 2007.

204. Source: “Rohingya in Bangladesh Mistreated, Says Rights Group,” Irrawaddy, 28 March 2007.

205. Source: “12 Burmese Muslims Arrested in Bangladesh on Way to Malaysia,” Narinjara News, 16 February 2007.

206. Source: “Thirty Five Burmese Nationals Arrested In Cox's Bazar,” Kaladan News, 10 December 2007.

207. Source: “Rohingya Refugees from Burma Mistreated in Bangladesh – Thailand Also Forcing Asylum Seekers Back into Burma,” HRW, 27 March 2007.

208. Source: “NGO Helps Out Refugees Bangladesh-Burma Border,” Kaladan News, 13 July 2007.

209. Source: “Refugees or Rebels,” State.com, 18 April 2007.

210. Source: “Stuck With Nowhere To Go: MSF, Bangladesh,” Kaladan News, 13 March 2007.

211. Source: “Rain and Winds Destroy Burmese Refugee Camps,” Kaladan News, 12 April 2007.

212. Source: “NGO Helps Out Refugees Bangladesh-Burma Border,” Kaladan News, 13 July 2007.

213. Source: “Stuck With Nowhere To Go: MSF, Bangladesh,” Kaladan News, 13 March 2007.

214. Source: “Refugees or Rebels,” State.com, 18 April 2007.

215. Source: “Pneumonia and Skin Diseases in Burma-Bangla Border,” Kaladan News, 29 December 2007.

216. Source: “Refugee boy run over on Cox’s Bazaar-Teknaf Highway,” Kaladan News, 24 April 2007.

217. Source: “NGO Helps Out Refugees Bangladesh-Burma Border,” Kaladan News, 13 July 2007.

218. Source: “Over 200 Huts In Makeshift Refugee Camp Shifted In Bangladesh,” Kaladan News, 10 March 2007.

219. Source: “Refugee boy run over on Cox’s Bazaar-Teknaf Highway,” Kaladan News, 24 April 2007.

220. Source: “Refugee Injured In Car Incident,” Kaladan News, 11 July 2007.

221. Source: “Refugee Minor Injured In Car Accident,” Kaladan News, 5 December 2007.

222. Source: “Seminar on Rohingyas in Dhaka Press Club,” Kaladan News, 16 November 2007.

223. Source: “WAMY Distributes Food in Makeshift Camp,” Kaladan News, 29 July 2007; “IHH Distributes Rations in Burmese Makeshift Camp,” Kaladan News, 22 August 2007; “Makeshift Camp Refugees Hardly Celebrate Ramadan,” Kaladan News, 6 October 2007; “WAMY distributes rations in Burmese makeshift camp,” Kaladan News, 12 October 2007.

224. Source: “EU to Help Burmese Refugees In Bangladesh,” Kaladan News, 17 December 2007.

225. Source: “Over 200 Huts In Makeshift Refugee Camp Shifted In Bangladesh,” Kaladan News, 10 March 2007.

226. Source: Ibid.

227. Source: “Bangladesh To Boot Burmese Refugees From Camp,” DVB, 8 March 2007.

228. Source: “Makeshift Teknaf Refugee Camp Remains Normal,” NMG, 12 March 2007.

229. Source: “Camp for Burmese Refugees,” Narinjara News, 17 August 2007.

230. Source: “10,000 Unrecognized Refugees to be Moved to New Camp,” Narinjara News, 26 June 2007.

231. Source: “Camp for Burmese Refugees,” Narinjara News, 17 August 2007.

232. Source: “EU To Help Burmese Refugees In Bangladesh,” Kaladan News, 17 December 2007.

233. Source: World Refugee Survey: Country Updates, USCRI, 2007.

234. Source: “Dhaka UNHCR Increases Subsistence Allowance for Refugees,” Narinjara News, 4 July 2007.

235. Source: “Rohingya Refugees From Burma Mistreated In Bangladesh – Thailand Also Forcing Asylum Seekers Back Into Burma,” HRW, 27 March 2007.

236. Source: “Refugees or Rebels,” accessed at: www.state.com, 18 April 2007.

237. Source: “Four Burmese Refugees Arrested in Bangladesh Border Town,” Narinjara News, 26 January 2007.

238. Source: “Bangladesh-Burma Border Sealed Off,” Narinjara News, 25 January 2007.

239. Source: “Border Patrols Intensified To Prevent Rohingya Intrusion,” Kaladan News, 28 January 2007.

240. Source: “Western Burmese Border on High Alert after Report,” Narinjara News, 25 April 2007.

241. Source: “Rohingya Refugees Cornered in Bangladesh,” Kaladan News, 26 April 2007.

242. Source: “Marriage between Rohingya and Bangladeshi Invites Problems in Teknaf,” Kaladan News, 14 July 2007.

243. Source: “Rohingya Refugees Cornered in Bangladesh,” Kaladan News, 26 April 2007.

244. Source: “Dhaka Seeks Return Of Rohingyas To Burma,” Kaladan News, 6 January 2007.

245. Source: Issues and Concerns Vol. 4: The Security Dimensions, Altsean Burma, April 2007: 35.

246. Source: “Dhaka-Rangoon Agree To Resolve Rohingya Issue,” Kaladan News, 28 April 2007.

247. Source: “Rohingya Refugees Cornered in Bangladesh,” Kaladan News, 26 April 2007.

248. Source: UNHCR Global Appeal, UNHCR 2007.

249. Source: “25 Diplomats Arrive in Western Arakan to Inspect UNHCR Projects,” Narinjara News, 18 January 2007.

250. Source: “Bangladesh Government to Hold Meeting for Burmese Refugees in May,” Narinjara News, 22 April 2007.

251. Source: “Bangladesh Advisor Visits Burmese Refugee Camp,” Kaladan News, 24 March 2007.

252. Source: “Bangladesh Requests Myanmar to Launch Livelihood Schemes for Refugees,” Xinhua, 30 April 2007.

253. “Bangladesh for Quick Resolution of Rohingyas Issue,” Kaladan News, 15 November 2007.

254. Source: Humanitarian Situation UPDATE April 2007, Office of the UN Humanitarian Coordinator for Myanmar, 2007.

255. Source: “15 Bangladeshi Prisoners Repatriated,” Narinjara News, 31 March 2007.

256. Source: “400 Burmese Prisoners in Bangladesh Refused Repatriation,” Narinjara News, 29 July 2007.

257. Source: “Law and Order Training fro Burmese Refugees,” Kaladan News, 17 August 2007.

258. Source: “Burmese Prisoner Dies in Cox’s Bazaar Jail,” Narinjara News, 27 February 2007.

259. Source: “Refugee Dies in Cox’s Bazaar Jail,” Kaladan News, 14 August 2007.

260. Source: “Burmese Languishes In Bangladesh Jail,” Kaladan News, 22 April 2007.

261. Source: “Refugee Arrested in Old Case,” Kaladan News, 13 July 2007.

262. Source: “Expressions of a Refugee Facing Harassment,” Kaladan News, 23 May 2007.

263. Source: “New UNHCR Asylum-Seeker Languishes in Bangladesh Jail,” Narinjara News, 4 May 2007.

264. Source: Based on adding up the numbers in different states (Burmese population not mentioned in HRLN report)

265. Source: World Refugee Survey 2007, USCRI, 2007: p 68, 69

266. Source: Article accessed online at: http://www.hardnewsmedia.com/portal/2005/11/204, November 2005.

267. Source: Article accessed online at: http://www.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/1984115.cms, December 2007.

268. Source: “India 's Myanmar policy and the Mizoram connection,” Sanjoy Hazarika, New Kerala, 26 October 2007.

269. Source: These numbers are estimated on the basis of a discussion between the writer and Burmese refugees in January 2008.

270. Source: Discussion with Mr Sanpai, Senior Community Staff, Refugee Desk, The Other Media, 7 January 2008.

271. Source: UNHCR - Newsletter New Delhi, October-November 2007.

272. Source: 1 US $ = Rs 35

273. Source: discussion with Mr Sanpai, Senior Community Staff, Refugee Desk, The Other Media, 7 January 2008; personal observations, interventions over a long period of time in Delhi and also discussion with Burmese refugees in December 2007 & January 2008.

274. Source: Discussion with Mr Sanpai, Senior Community Staff, Refugee Desk, The Other Media, 7 January 2008.

275. Source: Ibid.

276. Source: Ibid.

277. Source: “India's Home Secretary To Take Up ULFA Issue With Burma,” Mizzima News, 8 February 2007;“Burma, India Joint Ops on Rebel Flushout - Manoj Anand”, The Asia Age, 21 February 2007;“Indian FM To Visit Burma, Seek Joint Army Operation,” Mizzima News, 17 January 2007; “Indian Army operation in Northeast India: Focus shifted to Burma,” Narinjara News, 17 January 2007; “ULFA Unmoved: India Pursues Burma,” Narinjara News, 22 January 2007;“India Seeks Help From Burma, Kaladan News, 22 January 2007.

278. Source: “Burmese Pro-Democracy Activists Detained In Mizoram,” Khonumthoung News, 20 January 2007;“Chin Pro-Democracy Activists Live In Fear of Indian Forces,” Khonumthoung News, 26 January 2007;“Myanmar Cracks Down Against Northeastern Indian Rebels,” AFP, 2 January 2007; “Myanmar Crackdown Puts Indian Insurgents on the Run: Rebels,” AFP, 29 January 2007; “NSCN (K) HQ Raided In Myanmar, The Indian Express, 16 February 2007.

279. Source: “India Proposes Border Fencing To Burma,” Mizzima News, 14 March 2007; “Fencing On Moreh Border to Speed Up,” Nagaland Post (India), 15 June 2007; “Manipur Police Appeals for Immediate Fencing of Indo-Burma Border,” Mizzima News, 22 June 2007.

280. Source: “Nearly 400 ethnic Kukis arrested by Burmese soldiers,” Mizzima, 16 March 2007, “Kuki's Call On Burmese Junta To Intervene In Plight Of 400 Villagers,” Mizzima News, 18 March 2007.

281. Source: “Manipur Heat on Myanmar,” The Telegraph (Calcutta), 21 June 2007; “India Talks Tough with Burma on Border Killing,” Mizzima News, 28 June 2007.

282. Source: Discussion with the lawyers’ of the Burmese refugees. The writer acted as a link between the lawyer and the Burmese groups. Information also from: The Chin Refugee Committee report, 20 January 2004.

283. Source: Discussion with the lawyers’ of the Burmese refugees. The writer acted as a link between the lawyer and the Burmese groups. Information also from: The Chin Refugee Committee report, 20 January 2004.

284. Source: “Prominent Indians Stand By Burmese Rebels Inside Jail,” Mizzima News, 1January 2007; Court Frames Charges Against 34 Arakanese Rebels, Mizzima News, 29 January 2007,Intriguing Case of Burmese Rebels in India By Shyamal Sarkar, IMNA, 4 April 2007; “Eminent Indians Call for Release of 34 Burmese Rebels,” Mizzima News, 19 June 2007; “Court Drama Snarls Myanmar-India Romance,” Asia Times, 14 August2007.

285. Source: “Two Refugees from Burma Detained In India,” Khonumthoung News, 29 March 2007.

286. Source: World Refugee Survey: Country Updates, USCRI, 2007.

287. Source: “Burmese Refugee Demonstration Targets UNHCR in Malaysia,” Irrawaddy, 8 March 2007.

288. Source: “Malaysia Hosts 40,000 Refugees,” New Straits Times, 17 April 2007.

289. Source: World Refugee Survey: Country Updates, USCRI, 2007.

290. Source: “We Built This City: Workers from Burma at Risk in Malaysia,” Project Maje, July 2007.

291. Source: "Myanmar Refugees Face Wretched Existence in Malaysia," AFP, 19 December 2007.

292. Source: “Malaysia Malaise,” Irrawaddy, 1 March 2007.

293. Source: "Ethnics Support Protests in Burma," KNG, 2 October 2007.

294. Source: “Burmese in Malaysia Urge Protesters Back Home Not to Give Up,” Irrawaddy, 2 October 2007.

295. Source: “Burmese People Protest again in Malaysia,” NMG, 4 October 2007.

296. Source: "Human Rights Watch Urges Malaysia to Disband Volunteer Corps, Citing Abuse," AP, 9 May 2007.

297. Source: “Over 200 Burmese Arrested In Malaysia,” Mizzima News, 26 June 2007.

298. Source: “Over 2,000 Burmese Refugees and Migrants Detained In Malaysia,” Mizzima News, 11 April 2007

299. Source: “Malaysia Provides No Protection for Its Refugee Population,” Irrawaddy, September 2007.

300. Source: “UNHCR Concern Over Arrest Of Burmese In Malaysia,” Mizzima News, 31 January 2007.

301. Source: "Malaysia Detains 176 Suspected Illegal Immigrants from Myanmar," Kaowao News, 28 January 2007.

302. Source: “Over 2,000 Burmese Refugees and Migrants Detained In Malaysia,” Mizzima News, 11 April 2007.

303. Source: “Malaysia Should Recognize Burmese Refugees: CHRO,” Mizzima News, 20 April 2007.

304. Source: “Refugee Voices: Burmese Karen Woman in Malaysia,” Refugees International, 6 June 2007.

305. Source: “Chin Women and Children Detained,” Mizzima News, 9 November 2007.

306. Source: "Malaysian Authorities Arrest Undocumented Myanmar Workers," Khonumtohung, 5 May 2007.

307. Source: "Malaysian Government Cracks Down on Burmese Refugees," IMNA, Thursday 17 May 2007.

308. Source: "Malaysian Government Cracks Down on Burmese Refugees," IMNA, Thursday 17 May 2007.

309. Source: "Malaysia Cracks Down on Burmese Migrants," Khonumthoung, 2 July 2007.

310. Source: "Malaysia Urged to Stop Rounding Up Myanmar Refugees," Khonumthoung, 5 July 2007.

311. Source: "More Chin Refugees Rounded Up In Malaysia Immigration Raids," CHRO, 31 July 2007.

312. Source: “Myanmar Activists Call For A Halt to Refugee Crackdown in Malaysia,” AP, 6 August 2007.

313. Source: "Malaysian Authorities Intensify Crackdown on Burmese Refugees," Khonumthoung, 10 August 2007.

314. Source: "Pregnant Refugee Woman Seeks Protection in Malaysia," Kaowao News, 20 August 2007.

315. Source: “UNHCR’s Role Comes under Fire,” New Straits Times, 2 February 2007.

316. Source: “Malaysia Says It Does Not Recognize Refugees to Prevent Flood of Economic Migrants,” AP, 9 March 2007.

317. Source: “UN Urges Malaysians to Stop Looking at Refugees as Criminals,” Irrawaddy, 8 March 2007.

318. Source: “Malaysia Malaise,” Irrawaddy, 1 March 2007.

319. Source: World Refugee Survey: Country Updates, USCRI, 2007.

320. Source: “UNHCR’s Role Comes under Fire,” New Straits Times, 2 February 2007.

321. Source: “UNHCR Should Set Up Camps For Refugee: Malaysia,” Kaladan News, 17 March 2007.

322. Source: “Malaysia Urged to Treat Refugees Better,” Irrawaddy, April 2007.

323. Source: “Burmese Refugee Demonstration Targets UNHCR in Malaysia,” Irrawaddy, 8 March 2007.

324. Source: "MRO Calls For The Safety of Mon Detainees in Malaysia," Kaowao News, 22 April 2007.

325. Source: "Mon Having Difficulty Obtaining Refugee Status in Malaysia," Kaowao News, 22 March 2007.

326. Source: “Burmese Refugee Demonstration Targets UNHCR in Malaysia,” Irrawaddy, 8 March 2007.

327. Source: "Departures of Burma Refugees from Thailand Top 20K," Scoop via UNHCR, 12 December 2007.

328. Source: “Australia Agrees to Consider Rohingyas’ Visa Applications,” Irrawaddy, 18 July 2007.

329. Source: Asylum Seekers Fear Return to Malaysia,” Pac News (Pacific Island News Service), 20 February 2007.

330. Source: “Australia Agrees to Consider Rohingyas’ Visa Applications,” Irrawaddy, 18 July 2007.

331. Source: “Rohingyas Win Right to Seek Asylum in Australia,” Irrawaddy, 27 July 2007.

332. Source: “US/Australia: Refugee Deal Trades in Human Lives- Agreement to Swap Refugees Flouts International Law,” HRW, 18 April 2007.

333. Source: "Departures of Burma Refugees from Thailand Top 20K," Scoop via UNHCR, 12 December 2007.

334. Source: “Fourth Batch of Rohingya Refugees Resettled In Canada,” Kaladan News, 24 November 2007.

335. Source: “Third Batch of Rohingya Refugees Resettled in Canada,” Kaladan News, 14 November 2007.

336. Source: “Fourth Batch of Rohingya Refugees Resettled In Canada,” Kaladan News, 24 November 2007.

337. Source: “Karens Learn To Deal with Freedom,” The Ottawa Citizen, 13 March 2007.

338. Source: “Canada to Welcome 2,000 More Karen Refugees.” Government of Canada Newsroom, 9 February 2007.

339. Source: "Canada: New Mon Community Leaders Elected," Kaowao News, 20 January 2007.

340. Source: "Myanmar Men Seek Refugee Status in Japan," AFP, 17 October 2007.

341. Source: “Tough Asylum,” Irrawaddy, January 2007.

342. Source: “Report: Japan Court Strikes Down Deportation of Myanmar Democracy Activist,” AP, 18 January 2007.

343. Source: “Myanmar Man’s Win in Deportation Suit Finalized,” Japan Economic Newswire, 2 February 2007.

344. Source: “Myanmar Activist Granted Special Permission to Remain In Japan,” Japan Economic Newswire, 9 February 2007.

345. Source: “Court Revokes Deportation Order for Myanmar Woman,” Japan Today, 1 September 2007.

346. Source: "Myanmar Men Seek Refugee Status in Japan," AFP, 17 October 2007.

347. Source: “Tough Asylum,” Irrawaddy, January 2007.

348. Source: “Off to a New Life,” Irrawaddy, June 2007.

349. Source: “Burma Refugees Move into Resettlement Centre,” accessed online at: www.BreakingNews.ie, 18 September 2007.

350. Source: "Burma Activist Wins Exile Fight," BBC News, 23 November 2007.

351. Source: Refugees International Bulletin, Refugees International, 16 May 2007.

352. Source: "Departures of Burma Refugees from Thailand Top 20K," Scoop via UNHCR, 12 December 2007.

353. Source: “Off to a New Life,” Irrawaddy, June 2007.

354. Source: “Burmese Refugees Begin Leaving for Oregon, other States.” AP, 23 May 2007.

355. Source: Refugees International Bulletin, Refugees International, 16 May 2007.

356. Source: "More Recognition to Chin Refugees after US Waiver," Khonumthoung News, 16 May 2007.

357. Source: “Supporters of Six Burmese Ethnic Opposition Groups Exempt from Material Support Provisions,” Narinjara News, 25 January 2007.

 

 

 


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