Vol.9, No.4 -
The Burma Alert is published
by the Associates to Develop Democratic Burma Inc,
The Next Generation.
Lieutenant-General 'Thura' Shwe Mann(BC.11534 – DSA.11). He is also -
In the SPDC War Office hierarchy, the third most powerful position after Sr-Gen Than Shwe and Vice-Sr-Gen Maung Aye, is the newly created post of Joint-Chief of Staff (Defense Services) – ‘Tatmadaw Nyinaing Kutkaeyehmu’. The Navy and Air Force Commanders, the commanders of the four Bureau of Special Operations, and the Commander of the Rangoon Military Region also report to the Joint-Chief of Staff.
Shwe Mann is from Sagaing
Division. In 1988 he was a major. In 1989, he commanded LIR-6 (Tainmyoke) under Col San Aung of LID-66. He was awarded the
‘Thura’ for bravery in action against the
Karen National Union at Mae-Tha-Waw. He later became
one of the Tactical Operations Commanders of LID-66 under Brig-General Aye Kyaw (Minister of Information, 1995-2002). In 1995, Shwe Mann was promoted Brigadier-General and commanded the
elite LID-11 at Htauk-kyant. The best soldiers are
reportedly transferred to LID-11, which is responsible for the security of the
capital. The Commander of Yangon Military Region at that time was BG Khin Maung
Than (see below). On
Shwe Mann is in his mid-50's and is one year senior to SPDC Secretary-2 Lieut-Gen Soe Win. His contemporaries in the DSA were:
Shwe Mann is reportedly seen as a reformer who has the confidence and support of both his superior officers and subordinates. He is known for his good leadership skills - in both command and staff positions. He is commonly referred to as ‘Du-choke-Athit’ (new deputy commander), or ‘Ta-choke’ (Third commander). Observers believe he will eventually replace Than Shwe who also served in the LID-66 and commanded the South-West Military Region. Lieut-Gen Soe Win commanded LID-66 in 1995.
Lieutenant-General Ye Myint (BC.10310 OTS.31). He also commands-
BSO-1 of the War Office is responsible for ‘security, military, political, economic, and social tasks’ in
In 1988, Ye Myint served in
the 59th BuRgt at Bawnatkyi
(Southern Military Region). In 1992, he was the Tactical Operations Commander
No.1 and then the Deputy Commander of LID-88 in Magwe
under Brigadier-General Hla Myint Swe – BC.10289, the Minister of Transport. He
commanded LID.101 and in 1994, he was promoted to Brig-General and became the
Central Military Region Commander in
Ye Myint is
in his late 50’s. His contemporaries in
Note: Than Shwe also served in LID-88.
The following report to BSO-1:
Lieutenant-General Aung Htwe (BC.9752 OTS.29). He also commands-
BSO-2 is responsible for ‘security, military, political, economic, and social tasks’ in -
In 1991, Aung Htwe was the Deputy Commander of the LID-88 in Magwe under Brigadier-General Hla Myint Swe – BC.10289, the
Minister of Transport. In May 1992, Aung Htwe was
promoted to Colonel and took over the command of the LID-55 in Aung Ban,
is in his late 50’s. His contemporaries in
The following report to BSO-2:
Lieutenant-General Khin Maung Than (BC.10320, OTS.31). He also commands-
Bureau of Special Operations No.3
BSO-3 is responsible for ‘security, military, political, economic, and social tasks’ in -
In 1988, Khin Maung Than was a Lieut-Col commanding
the 89th BuRgt at Kale (North-Western
Military Region) under Brig-Gen Tun Kyi, one of the
original SLORC members. In 1991, he was Colonel-General-Staff (Operations) at
the War Office in
Khin Maung Than is in his late 50’s. His contemporaries in
The following report to BSO-3:
Lieutenant-General Maung Bo (BC.10337, OTS.31). He also commands-
BSO-4 is responsible for ‘security, military, political, economic, and social tasks’ in -
In 1992, Maung Bo was a
colonel and the Tactical Operations Commander–2 of the Northern Military Region
in Myitkyina, Kachin State,
under the command of Maj-Gen Kyaw
Ba, one of the original SLORC members. Maung Bo
served as Deputy Commander in the Northern MR (1993-97) under Brig-Gen Saw Lwin – BC.8677, Minister for Hotel and Tourism and under
Brig-Gen Kyaw Win – BC.10194, the Training General. He commanded MOC-6 (Pyinmana) and in
Nov 1997, he was promoted to Brig-Gen and became the Eastern Military Region
Commander in Taunggyi,
Maung Bo is in his late
50’s. His contemporaries in
The following report to BSO-4:
Lieutenant-General Thein Sein (BC.11252, DSA.9). He is also the -
Thein Sein is the former Commander of MOC-4 (Phugyi) and the Triangle Military Region. He was appointed a member of the SPDC in Nov 1997. He is in his late 50's and is married to Daw Khin Khin Win.
Lieut-Gen 'Thiha Thura' Tin Aung Myint Oo (BC.11701 – DSA.12). Also -
In July 1995, Tin Aung Nyint Oo was a Brig-General commanding MOC-1 (Kyaukme Station). He became commander of the North-East Military Region in Lashio and was appointed a member of the SPDC in Nov 1997. Tin Aung Myint Oo is in his early 50's and is married to Daw Khin Saw Hnin.
Lieutenant-General Kyaw Win BC.10194 – OTS.30). He is also the -
Not to be confused with the Deputy Intelligence Chief, Kyaw Win in 1988 was the Tactical Operations Commander No.1 of the Eastern Military Region under Vice-Sr-Gen Maung Aye (BC.7875 – DSA.1). He commanded MOC-12 (Kawkereik) and in 1995, he commanded the Northern Military Region in Myitkyina. In Nov 1997, he was appointed a member of the SPDC. Kyaw Win is in his late 50's and is married to Daw San San Yee.
Lieutenant-General Tin Aye
(BC.11236, DSA.9). He is also the -
As a Colonel in 1992, Tin Aye served as Deputy Commander of the South-East Military Region under Maj-Gen Soe Myint (BC.8642 - OTS.26). He then commanded MOC-4 (Phugyi) and was promoted to Brig-Gen and commanded the Southern Military Region (Toungoo). He was appointed a member of the SPDC in Nov.1997. Tin Aye is in his early 50's and is married to Daw Kyi Kyi Ohn.
AOC = Artillery/Armoured Operations Command
BURGT = Burma Regiment – infantry battalion
LIB = Light Infantry Battalion – infantry battalion.
LID = Light Infantry Division – made up of 10 infantry battalions – LIRs or BURGT plus one field engineering and one signal company. Logistical support is provided by operations command.
LIR = Light Infantry Regiment – infantry battalion.
MOC = Military Operations Command were formed instead of LIDs to hide the expansion of the Army. They are larger than LIDs with 9-10 Infantry Battalions plus auxiliary battalions such as signal, engineering, supply, etc.
ROC = Regional Operations Command – smaller than a Tactical Operations Command.
MR = Each Military Region has 9 to 25 infantry battalions depending on the area covered and security risk. Each Region has a Signals, Engineering, Electrical & Mechanical Engineering, Medical, Supply & Transport, and Ordnance battalion, as well as a military police company and intelligence units.
Note: The full combat strength of a Burmese battalion today is only about 200 men.
Readers are invited to send in corrections, observations and updates. End